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Virus
File:Fukkatsu-no-hi.jpg
Japanese language poster
Directed byKinji Fukasaku
Screenplay byKinji Fukasaku
Kōji Takada
Gregory Knapp
Produced byHaruki Kadokawa
StarringMasao Kusakari
Sonny Chiba
Glenn Ford
Chuck Connors
CinematographyDaisaku Kimura
Edited byAkira Suzuki
Music byKentaro Haneda
Janis Ian
Teo Macero
Distributed byToho
Release date
  • June 26, 1980 (1980-06-26)
Running time
156 minutes
CountryJapan
LanguageEnglish
Japanese
Budget¥ 3,351,000,000
(approx. at 1980s rates)
$16 million


Virus ([復活の日 Fukkatsu no hi] Error: {{nihongo}}: text has italic markup (help)) (literal translation: Day of Resurrection) is a 1980 Japanese post-apocalyptic Science fiction film directed by Kinji Fukasaku,[1][2] based on Sakyo Komatsu's eponymous 1964 novel in which the English version was printed in 2012.[3] The film stars Masao Kusakari,[1] Sonny Chiba,[4][5] George Kennedy,[1][6][7] Robert Vaughn,[7][8][9][10] Chuck Connors,[7][10][11][12] Olivia Hussey,[1][7] Edward James Olmos,[4][10] Glenn Ford,[7][13] and Henry Silva[5][8] and is notable for being the most expensive Japanese film ever made at the time.

Plot summary[]

In 1982, a shady transaction is occurring between an East German scientist, Dr. Krause, and a group of Americans. It is revealed that MM88 is a deadly virus, created accidentally by an American geneticist, that amplifies the potency of any other virus or bacterium it comes into contact with. The Americans recover the MM88, which was stolen from a lab in the US the year before, but the virus is released, creating a pandemic initially known as the "Italian Flu".

Within seven months, virtually all the world's population has died off. However, the virus is inactive at temperatures below -10 degrees Celsius, and the polar winter has spared the 855 men and eight women stationed in Antarctica. The British nuclear submarine HMS Nereid joins the scientists after sinking a Soviet submarine whose infected crew attempts to make landfall near Palmer Station.

Just as the group begins to repopulate their new home, it is revealed that an earthquake will activate the Automated Reaction System (ARS) and launch the United States nuclear arsenal.

The Soviets have their own version of the ARS that will fire off their weapons in return, including one targeting Palmer Station. Yoshizumi and Major Carter embark aboard the Nereid on a mission to shut down the ARS, protected from MM88 by an experimental vaccine.

The submarine arrives at Washington, D.C., and Yoshizumi and Carter make a rush for the ARS command bunker. However, they reach the room too late, and all but a few of the survivors (who left aboard an icebreaker at the same time as the Nereid) perish in the nuclear exchange. Over the course of years Yoshizumi walks back towards Antarctica. Upon reaching Tierra del Fuego in 1988,[14] he encounters the survivors from the icebreaker.

Cast[]

  • Masao Kusakari as Yoshizumi
  • Sonny Chiba as Dr. Yamauchi
  • Glenn Ford as President Richardson
  • George Kennedy as Admiral Conway
  • Robert Vaughn as Senator Barkley
  • Chuck Connors as Captain McCloud
  • Bo Svenson as Major Carter
  • Olivia Hussey as Marit
  • Henry Silva as General Garland
  • Isao Natsuyagi as Commander Nakanishi
  • Stephanie Faulkner as Sarah Baker
  • Stuart Gillard as Dr. Meyer
  • Cec Linder as Dr. Latour
  • George Touliatos as Colonel Rankin
  • Chris Wiggins as Dr. Borodinov
  • Edward James Olmos as Captain Lopez

Background and production[]

Haruki Kadokawa the producer of the film, was the heir to Kadokawa Shoten, major publishing empire in Japan. After his father died in 1975 he decided to create a cinema branch of the company and began producing many films in the late 1970s, including Inugamike no ichizoku (1976) and Ningen no shōmei (1977), a murder mystery with a worldwide release. In 1978, production on Fukkatsu no Hi started. Kadokawa wanted the film to be a big breakthrough in the international market, so he tried to insure its success by casting some notable foreign stars and doing major international promotion (under the international title Virus). He also funded the largest budget of any Japanese film ever made at the time to solidify the movie as worthy of an international release.[15]

The Chilean Navy allowed the film crew to use their submarine CNS Simpson to film scenes involving the two fictional submarines in the film, the British Nereid and the Soviet T232. Judging by the acknowledgments in the English version, the Canadian submarine HMCS Okanagan was used as well; one of the officers serving in Okanagan, a Lieutenant-Commander David Griffiths, was given a speaking role as Nereid's First Officer. Other locations where filming took place included Alaska, Antarctica, Halifax (doubling for a riverside area in Washington D.C.), Machu Picchu, Tokyo, and Toronto.

A small amount of international publicity was given when a Swedish ship, Template:MS, struck a reef while transporting a production unit to Antarctica for location shooting and almost sank. The passengers were rescued by Chilean naval vessels.[citation needed] Lindblad Explorer was returned to service but was ultimately lost in Antarctic waters in 2007.

Reception[]

The film was a box office bomb despite its enormous budget. Although it may have had some special showings in the United States and elsewhere, it did not receive a general release. It was sold directly to pay television and edited down to a 108-minute version. This cut left out much of the love story between Yoshizumi and Marit, and nearly all the Japanese scenes including Yoshizumi's entire trek back towards Antarctica, and nearly all character development for Yoshizumi. It also starts off with the meeting in East Germany between Doctor Krause and Rankin's agents, while the Nereid's arrival in Tokyo Bay was moved to much later in the film. Some versions even end with the nuclear explosions, leaving the film with a pessimistic outcome as opposed to the Japanese version's optimistic ending.[16]

Home media[]

In 2002, Kadokawa Shoten released the film in a special limited-edition Region 2 DVD set, which contained the original 156-minute cut and the shorter 108-minute version, plus extra materials.[17] While the DVD in question lacks English subtitles, an English-subtitled version of the full cut was later released in 2006 as part of a compilation set called the Sonny Chiba Action Pack.[18] Previous copies of the film released in North America often featured the 108-minute cut, partly because of the multinational cast that included several American actors.

See also[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bolam & Bolam 2011, p. 113. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBolamBolam2011 (help)
  2. "Virus". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  3. Komatsu, Sakyo (2012). Virus: The Day of Resurrection (1st (English version) ed.). San Francisco: Haikasoru. ISBN 978-1421549323.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Murguia 2016, p. 358.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Mitchell 2001, p. 231.
  6. Murguia 2016, p. 357.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Bolam & Bolam 2011, p. 114. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBolamBolam2011 (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Murguia 2016, pp. 356.
  9. Young 2000, p. 678.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Galbraith IV 2008, p. 323.
  11. Prickette 2012, p. 1900.
  12. Warren & Thomas 2016, p. 617.
  13. Ford 2011, p. 286.
  14. Dr. Latour: We've all had injections of my vaccine against the virus, which is why we have survived the last four years. (English, Kadokawa Shoten, 1980)
  15. Sharp, Jasper (April 9, 2001). Virus. Midnight Eye.
  16. Slantchev, Branislav L. (2004). "Virus (aka Day of Resurrection, Fukkatsu no hi, 1980)". Götterdämmerung.
  17. "Day of Resurrection". tohokingdom.com. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  18. "Sonny Chiba Action Pack". tohokingdom.com.

Sources[]

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External links[]

  • Virus (in Japanese). Japanese Movie Database. 1980.
Template:Ja icon
  • Virus on IMDb
  • Template:Internet Archive film (full length edit)
  • Virus. Internet Archive.
(short edit)

Template:Kinji Fukasaku

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