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2021

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Events

  • 9 ADArminius' alliance of six Germanic tribes ambushes and annihilates three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
  • 337Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augusti.
  • 533 – A Byzantine army of 15,000 men under Belisarius lands at Caput Vada (modern Tunisia) and marches to Carthage.
  • 1000Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
  • 1087 – William Rufus becomes King of England, taking the title William II, (reigned until 1100).
  • 1141Yelü Dashi, the Liao dynasty general who founded the Qara Khitai, defeats the Seljuq and Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle of Qatwan.
  • 1320 – In the Battle of Saint George, the Byzantines under Andronikos Asen ambush and defeat the forces of the Principality of Achaea, securing possession of Arcadia.
  • 1488Anne becomes sovereign Duchess of Brittany, becoming a central figure in the struggle for influence that leads to the union of Brittany and France.
  • 1493Battle of Krbava Field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the invasion by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1513James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
  • 1543Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1561 – The ultimately unsuccessful Colloquy of Poissy opens in an effort to reconcile French Catholics and Protestants.
  • 1739Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress officially names its union of states the United States.
  • 1791Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
  • 1801Alexander I of Russia confirms the privileges of Baltic provinces.
  • 1839John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
  • 1845 – Possible start of the Great Potato Famine.[1][2]
  • 1850California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
  • 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 transfers a third of Texas's claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
  • 1855Crimean War: The Siege of Sevastopol comes to an end when Russian forces abandon the city.
  • 1863American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1892Amalthea, third moon of Jupiter is discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard.
  • 1914World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
  • 1922 – The Greco-Turkish War effectively ends with Turkish victory over the Greeks in Smyrna.
  • 1923Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party.
  • 1924Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1936 – The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate Template:Ship and destroyer Dão mutinied against the Salazar dictatorship's support of General Franco's coup and declared their solidarity with the Spanish Republic.
  • 1939World War II: The Battle of Hel begins, the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.
  • 1939 – Burmese national hero U Ottama dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain's colonial government.
  • 1940George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • 1940 – Treznea Massacre in Transylvania.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
  • 1945Second Sino-Japanese War: The Empire of Japan formally surrenders to China.
  • 1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 1948Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
  • 1954 – The 6.7 Template:M Chlef earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). At least 1,243 people were killed and 5,000 were injured.
  • 1956Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
  • 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
  • 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act comes into force, making French equal to English throughout the Federal government.
  • 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.
  • 1971 – The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
  • 1972 – In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.
  • 1990Batticaloa massacre: Massacre of 184 Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in Batticaloa District.
  • 1991Tajikistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993Israeli–Palestinian peace process: The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
  • 2001Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
  • 2002 – The Rafiganj train wreck happened in Bihar, India.
  • 2009 – The Dubai Metro, the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.
  • 2012 – The Indian space agency puts into orbit its heaviest foreign satellite yet, in a streak of 21 consecutive successful PSLV launches.
  • 2012 – A wave of attacks kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq.
  • 2015Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom.
  • 2016 – The government of North Korea conducts its fifth and reportedly biggest nuclear test. World leaders condemn the act, with South Korea calling it "maniacal recklessness".

Births

  • 214Aurelian, Roman emperor (d. 275)
  • 384Honorius, Roman emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349Albert III, Duke of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shōgun (d. 1523)
  • 1558Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (d. 1602)
  • 1585Cardinal Richelieu, French cardinal and politician (d. 1642)
  • 1629Cornelis Tromp, Dutch general (d. 1691)
  • 1700Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711Thomas Hutchinson, English historian and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1780)
  • 1721Fredrik Henrik af Chapman, Swedish admiral and shipbuilder (d. 1808)
  • 1731Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican priest, historian, and scholar (d. 1787)
  • 1737Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1754William Bligh, English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1755Benjamin Bourne, American judge and politician (d. 1808)
  • 1777James Carr, American soldier and politician (d. 1818)
  • 1778Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (d. 1842)
  • 1789Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, Polish rabbi (d. 1866)
  • 1807Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish-English archbishop and philologist (d. 1886)
  • 1823Joseph Leidy, American paleontologist and academic (d. 1891)
  • 1828Leo Tolstoy, Russian author and playwright (d. 1910)
  • 1834Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English author (d. 1903)
  • 1853Fred Spofforth, Australian-English cricketer and merchant (d. 1926)
  • 1855Houston Stewart Chamberlain, English-German philosopher and author (d. 1927)
  • 1863Herbert Henry Ball, English-Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1943)
  • 1868Mary Hunter Austin, American author, poet, and critic (d. 1934)
  • 1873Max Reinhardt, Austrian-born American theater and film director (d. 1943)
  • 1876Frank Chance, American baseball player and manager (d. 1924)
  • 1877James Agate, English journalist, author, and critic (d. 1947)
  • 1878Adelaide Crapsey, American poet and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Arthur Fox, English-American fencer (d. 1958)
  • 1878 – Sergio Osmeña, Filipino lawyer and politician, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • 1885Miriam Licette, English soprano and educator (d. 1969)
  • 1887Alf Landon, American lieutenant, banker, and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (d. 1987)
  • 1882Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1890Colonel Sanders, American businessman, founded KFC (d. 1980)
  • 1894Arthur Freed, American composer and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Humphrey Mitchell, Canadian trade union leader and politician, 14th Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1950)
  • 1894 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1976)
  • 1898Frankie Frisch, American baseball player and manager (d. 1973)
  • 1899Neil Hamilton, American stage, film and television actor (d. 1984)[3]
  • 1899 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Bruno E. Jacob, American academic, founded the National Forensic League (d. 1979)
  • 1900James Hilton, English-American author and screenwriter (d. 1954)
  • 1903Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Edward Upward, English author (d. 2009)
  • 1903 – Phyllis A. Whitney, American author (d. 2008)
  • 1904Feroze Khan, Indian-Pakistani field hockey player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Arthur Laing, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Veterans Affairs (d. 1975)
  • 1905Joseph E. Levine, American film producer, founded Embassy Pictures (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – Brahmarishi Hussain Sha, Indian philosopher and poet (d. 1981)
  • 1906Ali Hadi Bara, Iranian-Turkish sculptor and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1907Leon Edel, American author and critic (d. 1997)
  • 1908Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and author (d. 1950)
  • 1908 – Shigekazu Shimazaki, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)
  • 1911Paul Goodman, American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – John Gorton, Australian lieutenant and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2002)
  • 1914John Passmore, Australian philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1918Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian lawyer and politician, 9th President of Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1919Gottfried Dienst, Swiss footballer and referee (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Jimmy Snyder, American sportscaster (d. 1996)
  • 1920Neil Chotem, Canadian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician and physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1922Bernard Bailyn, American historian, author, and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Hoyt Curtin, American composer and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1922 – Manolis Glezos, Greek journalist and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Warwick Estevam Kerr, Brazilian geneticist, entomologist, and engineer (d. 2018)
  • 1923Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Cliff Robertson, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1924Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Russell M. Nelson, American captain, surgeon, and religious leader
  • 1924 – Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1926Louise Abeita, Isleta Pueblo (Native American) writer, poet, and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Egyptian theologian and author
  • 1927Elvin Jones, American drummer and bandleader (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Tatyana Zaslavskaya, Russian sociologist and economist (d. 2013)
  • 1928Moses Anderson, American Roman Catholic bishop (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Sol LeWitt, American painter and sculptor (d. 2007)
  • 1929Claude Nougaro, French singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1930Francis Carroll, Australian archbishop
  • 1931Robin Hyman, English author and publisher
  • 1931 – Zoltán Latinovits, Hungarian actor and author (d. 1976)
  • 1931 – Ida Mae Martinez, American wrestler (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Shirley Summerskill, English physician and politician
  • 1931 – Margaret Tyzack, English actress (d. 2011)
  • 1932Carm Lino Spiteri, Maltese architect and politician (d. 2008)[4]
  • 1934Nicholas Liverpool, Dominican lawyer and politician, 6th President of Dominica (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Sonia Sanchez, American poet, playwright, and activist[5]
  • 1935Gopal Baratham, Singaporean neurosurgeon and author (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Nadim Sawalha, Jordanian-born English actor
  • 1935 – Chaim Topol, Israeli actor, singer, and producer
  • 1936William Bradshaw, Baron Bradshaw, English academic and politician
  • 1938John Davis, English anthropologist and academic
  • 1938 – Jay Ward, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1939Ron McDole, American football player
  • 1940Hugh Morgan, Australian businessman
  • 1940 – Joe Negroni, American doo-wop singer (d. 1978)
  • 1941Syed Abid Ali, Indian cricketer
  • 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (d. 2011)
  • 1942Inez Foxx, American singer
  • 1942 – Danny Kalb, American singer and guitarist
  • 1943Frank Clark, English footballer, manager and chairman
  • 1945Ton van Heugten, Dutch motocross racer (d. 2008)
  • 1945 – Dee Dee Sharp, American singer
  • 1945 – Doug Ingle, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1946Jim Keays, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian folk-rock bass player (d. 2004)
  • 1947David Rosenboom, American composer and educator
  • 1947 – Freddy Weller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – T. M. Wright, American author, poet, and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1949John Curry, English figure skater (d. 1994)
  • 1949 – Daniel Pipes, American historian and author
  • 1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian general and politician, 6th President of Indonesia
  • 1950Gogi Alauddin, Pakistani squash player and coach
  • 1950 – John McFee, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1951Alexander Downer, Australian economist and politician, 34th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Australia
  • 1951 – Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
  • 1952Angela Cartwright, English-born American actress, author, and singer[6]
  • 1952 – Per Jørgensen, Norwegian singer and trumpet player
  • 1952 – David A. Stewart, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953Janet Fielding, Australian actress[7]
  • 1955John Kricfalusi, Canadian voice actor, animator, director, and screenwriter
  • 1957Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist and educator
  • 1959Tom Foley, American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Éric Serra, French composer and producer
  • 1960Hugh Grant, English actor and producer
  • 1960 – Bob Hartley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1960 – Bob Stoops, American football player and coach
  • 1960 – Kimberly Willis Holt, American author
  • 1963Chris Coons, American lawyer and politician
  • 1963 – Roberto Donadoni, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Neil Fairbrother, English cricketer
  • 1964Aleksandar Hemon, Bosnian-American author and critic
  • 1964 – Skip Kendall, American golfer
  • 1965Dan Majerle, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965 – Marcel Peeper, Dutch footballer
  • 1966Georg Hackl, German luger and coach
  • 1966 – Kevin Hatcher, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Brian Smith, Australian-Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1967B. J. Armstrong, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Chris Caffery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Mark Shrader, American wrestler
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indian actor and producer
  • 1968Jon Drummond, American sprinter and coach
  • 1968 – Clive Mendonca, English footballer
  • 1968 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1969Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • 1969 – Natasha Stott Despoja, Australian politician
  • 1970Natalia Streignard, Spanish-Venezuelan actress
  • 1971Eric Stonestreet, American actor
  • 1971 – Henry Thomas, American actor and guitarist
  • 1972Mike Hampton, American baseball player and coach
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, English journalist
  • 1972 – Jakko Jan Leeuwangh, Dutch speed skater
  • 1972 – Miriam Oremans, Dutch tennis player
  • 1972 – Xavi Pascual, Spanish professional basketball coach
  • 1972 – Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjić, Croatian-American actor
  • 1973Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974Vikram Batra, Indian captain (d. 1999)
  • 1974 – Shane Crawford, Australian footballer and television host
  • 1974 – Marcos Curiel, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1974 – Jun Kasai, Japanese wrestler
  • 1974 – Gok Wan, English fashion stylist, author, and television host
  • 1975Michael Bublé, Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1975 – Anton Oliver, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976Emma de Caunes, French actress
  • 1976 – El Intocable, Mexican wrestler
  • 1976 – Hanno Möttölä, Finnish basketball player
  • 1976 – Joey Newman, American composer and conductor
  • 1976 – Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1977Kyle Snyder, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Fatih Tekke, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1978Kurt Ainsworth, American baseball player and businessman, co-founded Marucci Sports
  • 1978 – Shane Battier, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979Wayne Carlisle, Northern Irish footballer and coach
  • 1979 – Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
  • 1980Todd Coffey, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Václav Drobný, Czech footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1980 – David Fa'alogo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1981Julie Gonzalo, Argentine-American actress
  • 1982John Kuhn, American football player
  • 1982 – Graham Onions, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress
  • 1982 – Eugênio Rômulo Togni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983Vitolo, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Kyle Davies, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Edwin Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Cleveland Taylor, English footballer
  • 1984Jaouad Akaddar, Moroccan footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1984 – Brad Guzan, American soccer player
  • 1984 – James Hildreth, English cricketer
  • 1984 – Michalis Sifakis, Greek footballer
  • 1985Martin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1985 – Luka Modrić, Croatian footballer
  • 1985 – J. R. Smith, American basketball player
  • 1986Michael Bowden, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Chamu Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986 – Luc Mbah a Moute, Cameroonian basketball player
  • 1986 – Keith Yandle, American hockey player
  • 1987Markus Jürgenson, Estonian footballer
  • 1987 – Alexis Palisson, French rugby player
  • 1987 – Andrea Petkovic, German tennis player
  • 1988Danilo D'Ambrosio, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Will Middlebrooks, American baseball player
  • 1989Alfonzo Dennard, American football player
  • 1989 – Casey Hayward, American football player
  • 1990Shaun Johnson, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1990 – Haley Reinhart, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1990 – Andrew Smith, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1990 – Jordan Tabor, English footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1991Hunter Hayes, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1991 – Oscar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Danilo Pereira, Bissauan-Portuguese footballer
  • 1992Shannon Boyd, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Damian McGinty, Northern Irish actor and singer
  • 1992 – Kristiāns Pelšs, Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1993Cameron Cullen, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Crazy Mary Dobson, American wrestler
  • 1993 – Ryōhei Katō, Japanese gymnast
  • 1993 – Sharon van Rouwendaal, Dutch swimmer
  • 1994Clinton Gutherson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997Billy Bainbridge, Australian rugby league player

Deaths

  • 906Adalbert von Babenberg, Frankish nobleman
  • 1000Olaf I, king of Norway
  • 1031Gang Gam-chan, Korean general (b. 948)
  • 1087William the Conqueror, English king (b. 1028)
  • 1191Conrad II, duke of Bohemia
  • 1271Yaroslav of Tver, Russian Grand Prince (b. 1230)
  • 1282Ingrid of Skänninge, Swedish abbes and saint
  • 1285Kunigunda of Halych, queen regent of Bohemia (b. 1245)
  • 1398James I, king of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1435Robert Harling, English knight
  • 1438Edward, king of Portugal (b. 1391)
  • 1487Chenghua, emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488Francis II, duke of Brittany (b. 1433)
  • 1513James IV, king of Scotland (b. 1473)
  • 1513 – George Douglas, Scottish nobleman (b. 1469)
  • 1513 – William Douglas of Glenbervie, Scottish nobleman (b. 1473)
  • 1513 – William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose, Scottish politician (b. 1464)
  • 1513 – George Hepburn, Scottish bishop
  • 1513 – Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell, Scottish politician, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
  • 1513 – Adam Hepburn of Craggis, Scottish nobleman
  • 1513 – David Kennedy, 1st Earl of Cassilis, Scottish soldier (b. 1478)
  • 1513 – Alexander Lauder of Blyth, Scottish politician
  • 1513 – Alexander Stewart, Scottish archbishop (b. 1493)
  • 1513 – Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox, Scottish politician (b. 1488)
  • 1569Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Dutch painter (b. 1525)
  • 1583Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer and politician (b. 1539)
  • 1596Anna Jagiellon, Polish queen (b. 1523)
  • 1603George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (b. 1547)
  • 1611Eleanor de' Medici, Italian nobleman (b. 1567)
  • 1612Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese daimyō (b. 1570)
  • 1676Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, French soldier, founded Montreal (b. 1612)
  • 1680Henry Marten, English lawyer and politician (b. 1602)
  • 1755Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian and author (b. 1694)
  • 1806William Paterson, Irish-American judge and politician, 2nd Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
  • 1815John Singleton Copley, American-English colonial and painter (b. 1738)
  • 1834James Weddell, Belgian-English sailor and navigator (b. 1787)
  • 1841Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Swiss botanist, mycologist, and academic (b. 1778)
  • 1891Jules Grévy, French politician, 4th President of the French Republic (b. 1813)
  • 1893Friedrich Traugott Kützing, German pharmacist, botanist and phycologist (b. 1807)
  • 1898Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet and critic (b. 1842)
  • 1901Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter and illustrator (b. 1864)
  • 1907Ernest Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909E. H. Harriman, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1848)
  • 1910Lloyd Wheaton Bowers, American lawyer and politician, United States Solicitor General (b. 1859)
  • 1915Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded Spalding (b. 1850)
  • 1934Roger Fry, English painter and critic (b. 1866)
  • 1941Hans Spemann, German embryologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1943Carlo Bergamini, Italian admiral (b. 1888)
  • 1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1863)
  • 1945Max Ehrmann, American poet and lawyer (b. 1872)
  • 1950Victor Hémery, French racing driver (b. 1876)
  • 1955Carl Friedberg, German pianist and educator (b. 1872)
  • 1958Charlie Macartney, Australian cricketer and soldier (b. 1886)
  • 1959Ramón Fonst, Cuban fencer (b. 1883)[8]
  • 1960Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1969Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1975Johannes Brenner, Estonian footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – John McGiver, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976Mao Zedong, Chinese philosopher, academic, and politician, 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish linguist, poet, and author (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian-American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1892)
  • 1979Norrie Paramor, English composer, conductor, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 1980John Howard Griffin, American journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 1981Robert Askin, Australian sergeant and politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist (b. 1901)
  • 1985Neil Davis, Australian photographer and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Antonino Votto, Italian conductor (b. 1896)
  • 1986Magda Tagliaferro, Brazilian pianist and educator (b. 1893)
  • 1990Nicola Abbagnano, Italian philosopher and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Samuel Doe, Liberian field marshal and politician, 21st President of Liberia (b. 1951)
  • 1990 – Alexander Men, Russian priest and scholar (b. 1930)
  • 1993Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Helen O'Connell, American singer (b. 1920)
  • 1994Patrick O'Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1996Bill Monroe, American singer-songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1997Richie Ashburn, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – John Hackett, Australian-English general and author (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1998Lucio Battisti, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Bill Cratty, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1999Arie de Vroet, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000Julian Critchley, English lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and politician, Afghan Minister of Defense (b. 1953)
  • 2003Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Don Willesee, Australian telegraphist and politician, 29th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1916)
  • 2004Ernie Ball, American guitarist and businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Caitlin Clarke, American actress (b. 1952)
  • 2006Gérard Brach, French director and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Richard Burmer, American composer and engineer (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – William Bernard Ziff Jr., American businessman, founded Ziff Davis (b. 1930)
  • 2012Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer and businessman, founded Amul (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – John McCarthy, Australian footballer (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Mike Scarry, American football player and coach (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Ron Tindall, English footballer and manager (b. 1935)
  • 2013Sunila Abeysekera, Sri Lankan scholar and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Alberto Bevilacqua, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Saul Landau, American journalist, director, and author (b. 1936)
  • 2014Montserrat Abelló i Soler, Spanish poet and translator (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Firoza Begum, Bangladeshi singer (b. 1930)
  • 2015Annemarie Bostroem, German poet, playwright, and songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Einar H. Ingman Jr., American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – K. Kunaratnam, Sri Lankan physicist and academic (b. 1934)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Charles Lowder (Church of England)
    • Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
    • Constance, Nun, and her Companions (Episcopal Church)
    • Our Lady of Arantzazu (Oñati)
    • Peter Claver
    • Synaxis of Ss. Joachim and Anna, an Afterfeast. (Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • September 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Armored Forces Day (Ukraine)
  • California Admission Day (California, United States)
  • Children's Day (Costa Rica)
  • Chrysanthemum Day or Kiku no Sekku (Japan)
  • Day of the Victims of Holocaust and of Racial Violence (Slovakia)
  • Emergency Services Day (United Kingdom)
  • Independence Day or Republic Day, celebrates the proclamation of Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1948.
  • Independence Day (Tajikistan), celebrates the independence of Tajikistan from USSR in 1991.
  • Martyrs' Day (Afghanistan) (date may fall on September 8, follows a non-Gregorian calendar, see List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar)
  • Remembrance for Herman the Cheruscan (The Troth)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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