Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • AD 70 – A Roman army under Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
  • 878Louis the Stammerer is crowned as king of West Francia by Pope John VIII.
  • 1159Pope Alexander III is chosen.
  • 1191Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf: Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
  • 1228 – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II lands in Acre, Israel, and starts the Sixth Crusade, which results in a peaceful restoration of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.[1]
  • 1303Guillaume de Nogaret takes Pope Boniface VIII prisoner on behalf of Philip IV of France.
  • 1571Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1652 – Around 15,000 Han farmers and militia rebel against Dutch rule on Taiwan.
  • 1695Henry Every perpetrates one of the most profitable pirate raids in history with the capture of the Grand Mughal ship Ganj-i-Sawai. In response, Emperor Aurangzeb threatens to end all English trading in India.
  • 1706War of the Spanish Succession: Siege of Turin ends, leading to the withdrawal of French forces from North Italy.
  • 1764 – Election of Stanisław August Poniatowski as the last ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1776 – According to American colonial reports, Ezra Lee makes the world's first submarine attack in the Turtle, attempting to attach a time bomb to the hull of HMS Eagle in New York Harbor (no British records of this attack exist).
  • 1778American Revolutionary War: France invades Dominica in the British West Indies, before Britain is even aware of France's involvement in the war.
  • 1812French invasion of Russia: The Battle of Borodino, the bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, was fought near Moscow and resulted in a French victory.
  • 1818Carl III of Sweden–Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1822Dom Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal on the shores of the Ipiranga Brook in São Paulo.
  • 1857Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers slaughter most members of peaceful, emigrant wagon train.
  • 1860Italian unification: Giuseppe Garibaldi enters Naples.
  • 1864American Civil War: Atlanta is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1873Emilio Castelar y Ripoll becomes President of the First Spanish Republic.
  • 1876 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are driven off by armed citizens.
  • 1893 – The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become one of the oldest Italian football clubs, is established by British expats.
  • 1895 – The first game of what would become known as rugby league football is played, in England, starting the 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
  • 1896 – The first successful heart surgery was conducted on this day by Ludwig Rehn
  • 1901 – The Boxer Rebellion in Qing dynasty China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • 1906Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 1907Cunard Line's Template:RMS sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
  • 1909Eugène Lefebvre crashes a new French-built Wright biplane during a test flight at Juvisy, south of Paris, becoming the first aviator in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
  • 1911 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
  • 1916 – US federal employees win the right to Workers' compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • 1920 – Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crash in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland where they would serve with the Finnish Air Force, killing both crews.
  • 1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
  • 1921 – The Legion of Mary, the largest apostolic organization of lay people in the Catholic Church, is founded in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1923 – The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is formed.
  • 1927 – The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Farnsworth.
  • 1929 – Steamer Template:SS capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. 136 lives are lost.
  • 1932 – The Battle of Boquerón, the first major battle of the Chaco War, commences.
  • 1936 – The last thylacine, a carnivorous marsupial named Benjamin, dies alone in its cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • 1940World War II: The German Luftwaffe begins the Blitz, bombing London and other British cities for over 50 consecutive nights.
  • 1942 – World War II: Australian and US forces inflict a significant defeat upon the Japanese at the Battle of Milne Bay.
  • 1943 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston kills 55 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban bridgehead (Taman Peninsula) in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea.
  • 1945 – Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
  • 1945 – The Berlin Victory Parade of 1945 is held.
  • 1953Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1963 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
  • 1965 – During an Indo-Pakistani War, China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
  • 1970Fighting between Arab guerrillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
  • 1977 – The Torrijos–Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The United States agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • 1977 – The 300-metre-tall CKVR-DT transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada, is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 1978 – While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
  • 1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for US$1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
  • 1986Desmond Tutu becomes the first black man to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
  • 1988Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after nine days on the Mir space station.
  • 1997Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
  • 1999A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
  • 2005 – Egypt holds its first-ever multi-party presidential election.
  • 2008 – The United States government takes control of the two largest mortgage financing companies in the US, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
  • 2010A Chinese fishing trawler collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats in disputed waters near the Senkaku Islands.
  • 2011 – A plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
  • 2012 – Canada officially cuts diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran and orders the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over nuclear plans and purported human rights abuses.

Births

  • 923Emperor Suzaku of Japan (d. 952)
  • 1438Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (d. 1471)
  • 1524Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (d. 1583)
  • 1533Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
  • 1641Tokugawa Ietsuna, Japanese shogun (d. 1680)
  • 1683Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1754)
  • 1694Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish Minister of State (d. 1763)
  • 1705Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)
  • 1707Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French mathematician, cosmologist, and author (d. 1788)
  • 1726François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1740Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor and illustrator (d. 1814)
  • 1777Heinrich Stölzel, German horn player and composer (d. 1844)
  • 1791Giuseppe Gioachino Belli Italian poet and author (d. 1863)
  • 1795John William Polidori, English physician and author (d. 1821)
  • 1801Sarel Cilliers, South African preacher and activist (d.1871)
  • 1807Henry Sewell, English lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1879)
  • 1810Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist and academic (d. 1858)
  • 1813Emil Korytko, Polish activist and translator (d. 1839)
  • 1815John McDouall Stuart, Scottish explorer and surveyor (d. 1866)
  • 1818Thomas Talbot, American businessman and politician, 31st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1829August Kekulé, German chemist and academic (d. 1896)
  • 1831Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
  • 1836Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Scottish merchant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1836 – August Toepler, German physicist and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1842Johannes Zukertort, Polish-English chess player, linguist, and journalist (d. 1888)
  • 1851Edward Asahel Birge, American zoologist and academic (d. 1950)
  • 1855William Friese-Greene, English photographer, director, and cinematographer (d. 1921)
  • 1860Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
  • 1862Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1866Tristan Bernard, French author and playwright (d. 1947)
  • 1867Albert Bassermann, German-Swiss actor (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – J. P. Morgan Jr., American banker and philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1869Ben Viljoen, South African general (d. 1917)
  • 1870Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian pilot, explorer, and author (d. 1938)
  • 1871George Hirst, English cricketer and coach (d. 1954)
  • 1875Edward Francis Hutton, American businessman and financier, co-founded E. F. Hutton & Co. (d. 1962)
  • 1876Francesco Buhagiar, Maltese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1934)
  • 1876 – C. J. Dennis, Australian poet and author (d. 1938)
  • 1877Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1959)
  • 1883Theophrastos Sakellaridis, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1950)
  • 1885Elinor Wylie, American author and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1887Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (d. 1964)
  • 1892Eric Harrison, Australian soldier and politician, 27th Australian Minister for Defence (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Oscar O'Brien, Canadian priest, pianist, and composer (d. 1958)
  • 1893Leslie Hore-Belisha, English politician, Secretary of State for War (d. 1957)
  • 1894Vic Richardson, Australian cricketer, footballer, and sportscaster (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – George Waggner, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1895Jacques Vaché, French author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1900Taylor Caldwell, English-American author (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Zangara, Italian-American assassin of Anton Cermak (d. 1933)
  • 1903Margaret Landon, American missionary and author (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet and author (d. 1994)
  • 1904C. B. Colby, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1907Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer and musicologist (d. 1991)
  • 1908Paul Brown, American football player and coach (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1908 – Max Kaminsky, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1909Elia Kazan, Greek-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1911Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian police officer and politician, Head of State of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1912David Packard, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 1996)
  • 1913Martin Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield, English soldier and courtier (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Anthony Quayle, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 1914Lída Baarová, Czech-Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – James Van Allen, American physicist and philosopher (d. 2006)
  • 1915Pedro Reginaldo Lira, Argentinian bishop (d. 2012)
  • 1915 – Kiyosi Itô, Japanese mathematician and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1917Leonard Cheshire, English captain, pilot, and humanitarian (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – John Cornforth, Australian-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter and educator (d. 2000)
  • 1919Briek Schotte, Belgian cyclist and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1920Harri Webb, Welsh journalist and poet (d. 1994)
  • 1921Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1922Lucien Jarraud, French-Canadian journalist and radio host (d. 2007)
  • 1923Nancy Keesing, Australian author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1923 – Peter Lawford, English-American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (d. 2015)
  • 1924Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Leonard Rosenman, American composer and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1925Laura Ashley, Welsh-English fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Allan Blakeney, Canadian lawyer and politician, 10th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Indian actress, singer, director, and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1926Samuel Goldwyn Jr., American director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Donald J. Irwin, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Mayor of Norwalk (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Patrick Jenkin, Baron Jenkin of Roding, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1926 – Don Messick, American voice actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927Eric Hill, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Claire L'Heureux-Dubé, Canadian lawyer and jurist
  • 1928Kathleen Gorham, Australian ballerina (d. 1983)
  • 1930Baudouin of Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Sonny Rollins, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1930 – S. Sivanayagam, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1931Charles Camilleri, Maltese composer and conductor (d. 2009)
  • 1932Malcolm Bradbury, English author and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – John Paul Getty Jr., American-English philanthropist and book collector (d. 2003)
  • 1934Mary Bauermeister, German painter and illustrator
  • 1934 – Waldo de los Ríos, Argentinian composer and conductor (d. 1977)
  • 1934 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Little Milton, American singer and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1935Abdou Diouf, Senegalese lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Senegal
  • 1935 – Dick O'Neal, American basketball player and dentist (d. 2013)
  • 1936Brian Hart, English race car driver and engineer, founded Brian Hart Ltd. (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)
  • 1936 – Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1937John Phillip Law, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1937 – Oleg Lobov, Russian politician, Premier of the Russian SFSR
  • 1939Latimore, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1939 – Peter Gill, Welsh actor, director, and playwright
  • 1940Dario Argento, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Wahid, Indonesian journalist and politician, 4th President of Indonesia (d. 2009)
  • 1942Billy Best, Scottish footballer
  • 1942 – Alan Oakes, English footballer and manager
  • 1942 – Andrew Stone, Baron Stone of Blackheath, English businessman and politician
  • 1942 – Jonathan H. Turner, American sociologist
  • 1943Beverley McLachlin, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 17th Chief Justice of Canada
  • 1944Forrest Blue, American football player (d. 2011)
  • 1944 – Bertel Haarder, Danish lawyer and politician, Education Minister of Denmark
  • 1944 – Peter Larter, English rugby player
  • 1944 – Earl Manigault, American basketball player and coach (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Bora Milutinović, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1944Houshang Moradi Kermani, Iranian author
  • 1945Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – Vic Pollard, English-New Zealand rugby player and footballer
  • 1945 – Curtis Price, American musicologist and academic
  • 1945 – Peter Storey, English footballer
  • 1946Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Joe Klein, American journalist and author
  • 1946 – Suzyn Waldman, American sportscaster
  • 1948Susan Blakely, American actress
  • 1949Gloria Gaynor, American singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – Dianne Hayter, German-English politician
  • 1949 – Barry Siegel, American journalist and academic
  • 1950David Cannadine, English historian and author
  • 1950 – Johann Friedrich, German-Australian engineer (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Julie Kavner, American actress
  • 1950 – Peggy Noonan, American author, journalist, speechwriter, and pundit
  • 1951Chrissie Hynde, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Morris Albert, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Mark Isham, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1951 – Mark McCumber, American golfer
  • 1952Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motorcycle racer (d. 1998)
  • 1953Michael Byron, American composer
  • 1954Corbin Bernsen, American actor
  • 1954 – Michael Emerson, American actor
  • 1955Mira Furlan, Croatian-American actress
  • 1956Michael Feinstein, American singer and pianist
  • 1956 – Byron Stevenson, Welsh footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1956 – Diane Warren, American songwriter
  • 1957Jermaine Stewart, American singer-songwriter and dancer (d. 1997)
  • 1960Brad Houser, American bass player
  • 1960 – Andrew Voss, Australian sportscaster and author
  • 1961LeRoi Moore, American saxophonist and songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1961 – Jean-Yves Thibaudet, French pianist
  • 1962Jennifer Egan, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1962 – Hasan Vezir, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1963Eazy-E, American rapper and producer (d. 1995)
  • 1965Angela Gheorghiu, Romanian soprano
  • 1965 – Darko Pančev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1965 – Uta Pippig, German runner
  • 1965 – Andreas Thom, German footballer and manager
  • 1966Vladimir Andreyev, Russian race walker
  • 1966 – Lutz Heilmann, German politician
  • 1966 – Toby Jones, English actor
  • 1966 – Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann, German speed skater
  • 1967Alok Sharma, Indian-English accountant and politician
  • 1968Marcel Desailly, Ghanaian-French footballer
  • 1968 – Gennadi Krasnitski, Russian figure skater and coach
  • 1969Darren Bragg, American baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Rudy Galindo, American figure skater
  • 1970Gino Odjick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Tom Everett Scott, American actor
  • 1971Shane Mosley, American boxer and trainer
  • 1972Jason Isringhausen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973Shannon Elizabeth, American model and actress
  • 1973 – Alex Kurtzman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974Mario Frick, Swiss-Liechtensteiner footballer
  • 1974 – Antonio McDyess, American basketball player
  • 1975Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Harold Wallace, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1976Wavell Hinds, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1977Molly Holly, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1977 – Jon Macken, English-Irish footballer
  • 1978Matt Cooke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Erwin Koen, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Ersin Güreler, Turkish footballer
  • 1979Nathan Hindmarsh, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Paul Mara, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Owen Pallett, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1979 – Brian Stokes, American baseball player
  • 1980Emre Belözoğlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1980 – Sara Carrigan, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Serhiy Chopyk, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1980 – Gabriel Milito, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Javad Nekounam, Iranian footballer
  • 1980 – Mark Prior, American baseball player
  • 1981Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
  • 1982Andre Dirrell, American boxer
  • 1982 – George Bailey, Australian cricketer
  • 1982 – Emese Szász, Hungarian fencer
  • 1983Philip Deignan, Irish cyclist
  • 1983 – Annette Dytrt, German figure skater
  • 1983 – Pops Mensah-Bonsu, English-American basketball player
  • 1984Ben Hollingsworth, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Farveez Maharoof, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1984 – Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
  • 1985Adam Eckersley, English footballer
  • 1985 – Rafinha, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Wade Davis, American baseball player
  • 1986Charlie Daniels, English footballer
  • 1986 – Colin Delaney, American wrestler
  • 1987Tommy Elphick, English footballer
  • 1987 – Sammy Moore, English footballer
  • 1987 – Danny North, English footballer
  • 1987 – Evan Rachel Wood, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Aleksandra Wozniak, Canadian tennis player
  • 1988Alex Harvey, Canadian skier
  • 1988 – Kevin Love, American basketball player
  • 1991Dale Finucane, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (d. 2010)
  • 1994Elinor Barker, Welsh track cyclist
  • 1995George Williams, Welsh footballer

Deaths

  • 251Sima Yi, Chinese general and politician (b. 179)
  • 355Claudius Silvanus, Roman general
  • 859Emperor Xuānzong of Tang, Chinese emperor (b. 810)
  • 1134Alfonso the Battler, Spanish emperor (b. 1073)
  • 1151Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (b. 1113)
  • 1202William of the White Hands, French cardinal (b. 1135)
  • 1251Viola, Duchess of Opole
  • 1312Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
  • 1354Andrea Dandolo, doge of Venice (b. 1306)
  • 1362Joan of the Tower (b. 1321)
  • 1464Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (b. 1412)
  • 1496Ferdinand II of Naples (b. 1469)
  • 1559Robert Estienne, English-French printer and scholar (b. 1503)
  • 1566Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan (b. 1494)
  • 1566 – Nikola Šubić Zrinski, Croatian general (b. 1506)
  • 1573Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal (b. 1535)
  • 1619Melchior Grodziecki, Polish priest and saint (b. 1582)
  • 1619 – Marko Krizin, Croatian priest, missionary, and saint (b. 1589)
  • 1622Denis Godefroy, French lawyer and jurist (b. 1549)
  • 1644Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1579)
  • 1655François Tristan l'Hermite, French author and playwright (b. 1601)
  • 1657Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish field marshal (b. 1606)
  • 1685William Carpenter, English-American settler, co-founded Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (b. 1605)
  • 1729William Burnet, Dutch-American civil servant and politician, 21st Governor of the Province of New York (b. 1688)
  • 1741Blas de Lezo, Spanish admiral (b. 1689)
  • 1798Peter Frederik Suhm, Danish-Norwegian historian and author (b. 1728)
  • 1799Louis-Guillaume Le Monnier, French botanist and physicist (b. 1717)
  • 1809Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, Thai king (b. 1737)
  • 1833Hannah More, English poet, playwright, and philanthropist (b. 1745)
  • 1840Jacques MacDonald, French general (b. 1765)
  • 1871Kimenzan Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 13th Yokozuna (b. 1826)
  • 1871 – Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha, Ottoman politician, 217th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1815)
  • 1881Sidney Lanier, American poet and academic (b. 1842)
  • 1891Lorenzo Sawyer, American lawyer and judge (b. 1820)
  • 1892John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist (b. 1807)
  • 1893Hamilton Fish, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of State (b. 1808)
  • 1907Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Romanian philologist, journalist, and playwright (b. 1838)
  • 1910William Holman Hunt, English painter and soldier (b. 1827)
  • 1920Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Quebec (b. 1855)
  • 1921Alfred William Rich, English author and painter (b. 1856)
  • 1929Frederic Weatherly, English lawyer, author, and songwriter (b. 1848)
  • 1933Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, English ornithologist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (b. 1862)
  • 1939Kyōka Izumi, Japanese author, poet, and playwright (b. 1873)
  • 1940José Félix Estigarribia, Paraguayan soldier and politician, President of Paraguay (b. 1888)
  • 1941Mario García Menocal, Cuban lawyer and politician, President of Cuba (b. 1866)
  • 1942Cecilia Beaux, American painter and academic (b. 1855)
  • 1949José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter and illustrator (b. 1883)
  • 1951Maria Montez, Dominican-French actress (b. 1912)
  • 1951 – John French Sloan, American painter and etcher (b. 1871)
  • 1954Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
  • 1956C. B. Fry, English cricketer, academic, and politician (b. 1872)
  • 1959Maurice Duplessis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Quebec (b. 1890)
  • 1960Wilhelm Pieck, German carpenter and politician, President of East Germany (b. 1873)
  • 1961Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer, jurist, and politician, 34th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1885)
  • 1962Karen Blixen, Danish memoirist and short story writer (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Graham Walker, English motorcycle racer and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1964Walter A. Brown, American businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1969Everett Dirksen, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1970Yitzhak Gruenbaum, Polish-Israeli journalist and politician, 1st Internal Affairs Minister of Israel (b. 1879)
  • 1971Spring Byington, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1971 – Ludwig Suthaus, German tenor (b. 1906)
  • 1972Dimitris Poulianos, Greek painter and illustrator (b. 1899)
  • 1973Holling C. Holling, American author and illustrator (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Lev Vladimirsky, Kazakhstani-Russian admiral (b. 1903)
  • 1974S. M. Rasamanickam, Ceylon politician (b. 1913)
  • 1978Cecil Aronowitz, South African-English viola player (b. 1916)
  • 1978 – Keith Moon, English drummer (The Who) (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Charles Williams, English composer and conductor (b. 1893)
  • 1979I. A. Richards English literary critic and rhetorician (b. 1893)
  • 1981Christy Brown, Irish author, poet, and painter (b. 1932)
  • 1982Ken Boyer, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1931)
  • 1984Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – Josyf Slipyj, Ukrainian cardinal (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Don Tallon, Australian cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Jacoba van Velde, Dutch author (b. 1903)
  • 1985José Zabala-Santos, Filipino cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1986Les Bury, English-Australian public servant and politician, 26th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1913)
  • 1988Sedad Hakkı Eldem, Turkish architect (b. 1908)
  • 1989Mikhail Goldstein, Ukrainian violinist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1990Earle E. Partridge, American general and pilot (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – A. J. P. Taylor, English historian and journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1991Edwin McMillan, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1994Eric Crozier, English director and playwright (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Dennis Morgan, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Terence Young, Chinese-English director and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1995Russell Johnson, American cartoonist (b. 1893)
  • 1996Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (b. 1942)
  • 1997Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese soldier and politician, President of Zaire (b. 1930)
  • 2000Bruce Gyngell, Australian-English broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 2001Igor Buketoff, American conductor and educator (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Billie Lou Watt, American actress and voice artist (b. 1924)
  • 2002Uziel Gal, German-Israeli colonel and gun designer, designed the Uzi (b. 1923)
  • 2003Warren Zevon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2004Bob Boyd, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2006Hiroshi Takase, Japanese cinematographer (b. 1955)
  • 2008Kune Biezeveld, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1948)
  • 2008 – Ilarion Ciobanu, Romanian rugby player and actor (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Don Haskins, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Gregory Mcdonald, American author (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Nagi Noda, Japanese director and producer (b. 1973)
  • 2010Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (b. 1991)
  • 2010 – William H. Goetzmann, American historian and author (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Barbara Holland, American author (b. 1933)
  • 2010 – John Kluge, German-American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2011 – Victims of the 2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster
    • Pavol Demitra, Slovakian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Alexander Karpovtsev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Igor Korolev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Stefan Liv, Polish-Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1980)
    • Jan Marek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1959)
    • Karel Rachůnek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Ruslan Salei, Belarusian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Josef Vašíček, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1980)
  • 2012César Fernández Ardavín, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Aleksandr Maksimenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Daniel Weinreb, American computer scientist and programmer (b. 1959)
  • 2013Albert Allen Bartlett, American physicist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Romesh Bhandari, Pakistani-Indian politician and diplomat, 13th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Frank Blevins, English-Australian politician, 7th Deputy Premier of South Australia (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Pete Hoffman, American cartoonist (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Ilja Hurník, Czech playwright and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Fred Katz, American cellist and composer (b. 1919)
  • 2014Jack Cristil, American sportscaster and radio host (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Raul M. Gonzalez, Filipino lawyer and politician, 42nd Filipino Secretary of Justice (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Harold Shipp, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1926)
  • 2015Dickie Moore, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Candida Royalle, American porn actress, director, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Guillermo Rubalcaba, Cuban pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Voula Zouboulaki, Greek actress (b. 1924)

Holidays and observances

  • Air Force Day (Pakistan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasius the Fuller
    • Clodoald
    • Gratus of Aosta
    • István Pongrácz
    • Marko Krizin
    • Regina
    • September 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which National Grandparents Day can fall, while September 13 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday after Labor Day. (United States)
  • Constitution Day (Fiji)
  • Independence Day (Brazil), celebrates the independence of Brazil from Portugal in 1822.
  • Military Intelligence Day (Ukraine)
  • National Acorn Squash Day (United States)
  • National Beer Lover's Day (United States)
  • National Salami Day (United States)
  • National Threatened Species Day (Australia)
  • Victory Day (Mozambique)

External links

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References

  1. A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on the Near East By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard, p.363-364

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