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Events

  • 36 BC – In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompey, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
  • 301San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
  • 590 – Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great).
  • 673 – King Wamba of the Visigoths puts down a revolt by Hilderic, governor of Nîmes (France) and rival for the throne.
  • 863 – Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid.
  • 1189Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard "the Lionheart") is crowned at Westminster.
  • 1260 – The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1411 – The Treaty of Selymbria is concluded between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice.
  • 1650 – Victory over the royalists in the Battle of Dunbar opens the way to Edinburgh for the New Model Army in the Third English Civil War.[1]
  • 1651 – The Battle of Worcester is the last significant action in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
  • 1658 – The death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.
  • 1666 – The Royal Exchange burns down in the Great Fire of London.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: During the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1798 – The week long battle of St. George's Caye begins between Spain and Britain off the coast of Belize.
  • 1812 – Twenty-four settlers are killed in the Pigeon Roost Massacre in Indiana.
  • 1838 – Future abolitionist Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery.
  • 1843King Otto of Greece is forced to grant a constitution following an uprising in Athens.
  • 1855American Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under United States General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women and children.
  • 1861American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
  • 1870Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Metz begins, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.
  • 1875 – The first official game of polo is played in Argentina after being introduced by British ranchers.
  • 1878 – Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Template:SS collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
  • 1879Siege of the British Residency in Kabul: British envoy Sir Louis Cavagnari and 72 men of the Guides are massacred by Afghan troops while defending the British Residency in Kabul. Their heroism and loyalty became famous and revered throughout the British Empire.
  • 1895John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association.
  • 1914William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
  • 1914 – French composer Albéric Magnard is killed defending his estate against invading German soldiers.
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Grand Couronné, a German assault against French positions on high ground near the city of Nancy.
  • 1916 – World War I: Leefe Robinson destroys the German airship Schütte-Lanz SL 11 over Cuffley, north of London; the first German airship to be shot down on British soil.
  • 1925Template:Ship, the United States' first American-built rigid airship, was destroyed in a squall line over Noble County, Ohio. Fourteen of her 42-man crew perished, including her commander, Zachary Lansdowne.
  • 1933Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) (7495 m).
  • 1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches a speed of 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph.
  • 1939World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allied nations. The Viceroy of India also declares war, but without consulting the provincial legislatures.
  • 1939 – World War II: The United Kingdom and France begin a naval blockade of Germany that lasts until the end of the war. This also marks the beginning of the Battle of the Atlantic.
  • 1941The Holocaust: Karl Fritzsch, deputy camp commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, experiments with the use of Zyklon B in the gassing of Soviet POWs.
  • 1942 – World War II: In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva (present-day Belarus).
  • 1943 – World War II: British and Canadian troops land on the Italian mainland. On the same day, Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano sign the Armistice of Cassibile, although it is not announced for another five days.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from the Westerbork transit camp to the Auschwitz concentration camp, arriving three days later.
  • 1945 – A three-day celebration begins in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.
  • 1950"Nino" Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers' champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.
  • 1954 – The People's Liberation Army begins shelling the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.
  • 1967Dagen H in Sweden: Traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight.
  • 1971Qatar becomes an independent state.
  • 1976Viking program: The American Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.
  • 1981 – The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, an international bill of rights for women, is instituted by the United Nations.[2]
  • 1987 – In a coup d'état in Burundi, President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza is deposed by Major Pierre Buyoya.
  • 1997Vietnam Airlines Flight 815 (Tupolev Tu-134) crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2001 – In Belfast, Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls.
  • 2004Beslan school siege results in over 330 fatalities, including 186 children.
  • 2010 – After taking off from Dubai International Airport, UPS Airlines Flight 6 develops an in-flight fire in the cargo hold and crashes near Nad Al Sheba, killing both crew members on board.[3]
  • 2016 – The U.S. and China, together responsible for 40% of the world's carbon emissions, both formally ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
  • 2017North Korea conducts its sixth and most powerful nuclear test.

Births

  • 1034Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1568Adriano Banchieri, Italian organist and composer (d. 1634)
  • 1675Paul Dudley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1751)
  • 1693Charles Radclyffe, English captain and politician (d. 1746)
  • 1695Pietro Locatelli, Italian viola player and composer (d. 1764)
  • 1704Joseph de Jussieu, French explorer, geographer, and mathematician, (d. 1779)
  • 1710Abraham Trembley, Swiss biologist and zoologist (d. 1784)[4]
  • 1724Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Irish-English general and politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1808)
  • 1781Eugène de Beauharnais, French general and politician (d. 1824)
  • 1803Prudence Crandall, American educator (d. 1890)
  • 1810Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • 1811John Humphrey Noyes, American activist, founded the Oneida Community (d. 1886)
  • 1814James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1820George Hearst, American businessman and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1840Jacob Christian Fabricius, Danish composer (d. 1919)
  • 1841Tom Emmett, English cricketer (d. 1904)
  • 1849Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer and poet (d. 1909)
  • 1851Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes (d. 1926)[5]
  • 1854Charles Tatham, American fencer (d. 1939)
  • 1856Louis Sullivan, American architect and educator, designed the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building (d. 1924)
  • 1869Fritz Pregl, Slovenian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1875Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (d. 1951)
  • 1878Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers, English tennis player (d. 1960)
  • 1882Johnny Douglas, English cricketer and boxer (d. 1930)
  • 1887Frank Christian, American trumpet player (d. 1973)
  • 1893Andrey Dikiy, Russian-American journalist, historian, and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1897Sally Benson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1899Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1900Percy Chapman, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish journalist, lawyer, and politician, 8th President of Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1901Eduard van Beinum, Dutch violinist, pianist, and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1905Carl David Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – John Mills, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1972)
  • 1907Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist, philosopher, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1908Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1910Kitty Carlisle, American actress, singer, socialite, and game show panelist (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Franz Jáchym, Austrian Roman Catholic archbishop (d.1984)
  • 1910 – Maurice Papon, French civil servant (d. 2007)
  • 1911Bernard Mammes, American cyclist and sergeant (d. 2000)
  • 1913Alan Ladd, American actor and producer (d. 1964)
  • 1914Dixy Lee Ray, American biologist and politician, 17th Governor of Washington (d. 1994)[6]
  • 1915Knut Nystedt, Norwegian organist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1915 – Memphis Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1988)
  • 1916Eddie Stanky, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1918Helen Wagner, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1919Phil Stern, American soldier and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1920Tereska Torrès, French soldier and author (d. 2012)
  • 1921John Aston Sr., English footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Thurston Dart, English pianist, conductor, and musicologist (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American journalist and author (d. 1966)
  • 1923Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Alice Gibson, Belizean chief Librarian and educator[7]
  • 1923 – Fred Hawkins, American golfer (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist (d. 2018)
  • 1924Mary Grace Canfield, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1925Anne Jackson, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish painter and sculptor (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Hank Thompson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1926Alison Lurie, American author and academic
  • 1926 – Irene Papas, Greek actress
  • 1926 – Uttam Kumar, Indian Bengali actor, director, producer, singer, composer and playback singer (d. 1980)
  • 1928Gaston Thorn, Luxembourg lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (d. 2007)
  • 1929Whitey Bulger, American organized crime boss (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss cyclist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Steve Rickard, New Zealand-Australian wrestler, trainer, and promoter (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Armand Vaillancourt, Canadian sculptor and painter
  • 1930Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author and poet (d. 2002)
  • 1931Dick Motta, American basketball player and coach
  • 1931 – Guy Spitaels, Belgian academic and politician, 7th Minister-President of the Walloon Region (d. 2012)
  • 1932Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Basil Butcher, Guyanese cricketer (d. 2019)
  • 1933 – Tompall Glaser, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1934Freddie King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
  • 1935Helmut Clasen, German-Canadian motorcycle racer
  • 1936Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian soldier and politician, 2nd President of Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Pilar Pallete, Peruvian-American actress
  • 1938Liliane Ackermann, Jewish-French microbiologist, community leader, writer, and lecturer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Sarah Bradford, English historian and author
  • 1938 – Caryl Churchill, English-Canadian playwright
  • 1938 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940Frank Duffy, English architect
  • 1940 – Pauline Collins, English actress
  • 1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Brian Lochore, New Zealand rugby player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1941Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1942Al Jardine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Valerie Perrine, American model and actress
  • 1944Geoff Arnold, English cricketer and coach
  • 1944 – Ray Groom, Australian footballer, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Tasmania
  • 1945George Biondo, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1945 – Peter Goddard, English physicist and mathematician
  • 1947Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian minister and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1947 – Michael Connarty, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1947 – Mario Draghi, Italian banker and economist
  • 1947 – Gérard Houllier, French footballer and coach
  • 1947 – Susan Milan, English flute player and composer
  • 1948Don Brewer, American drummer and singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Lyudmila Karachkina, Ukrainian astronomer
  • 1948 – Fotis Kouvelis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Zambia (d. 2008)
  • 1949José Pékerman, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1949 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)
  • 1950Doug Pinnick, American rock singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951Denys Hobson, South African cricketer
  • 1953Jean-Pierre Jeunet, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953 – George Peponis, Greek-Australian rugby league player and physician
  • 1954Jaak Uudmäe, Estonian triple jumper and coach
  • 1955Steve Jones, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956Jishu Dasgupta, Indian actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1956 – Pat McGeown, Irish republican activist (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Stephen Woolley, English director and producer
  • 1957Garth Ancier, American businessman
  • 1957 – Earl Cureton, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Steve Schirripa, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Sadhguru, Indian yogi, mystic
  • 1960Nick Gibb, English accountant and politician
  • 1961Andy Griffiths, Australian author
  • 1962David De Roure, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1963Sam Adams, American politician, 51st Mayor of Portland
  • 1963 – Mubarak Ghanim, Emirati footballer
  • 1963 – Malcolm Gladwell, Canadian journalist, essayist, and critic
  • 1964Adam Curry, American-Dutch businessman and television host, co-founded mevio
  • 1964 – Spike Feresten, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1965Rachel Johnson, British journalist
  • 1965 – Vaden Todd Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer
  • 1966Steven Johnson Leyba, American painter and author
  • 1966 – Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian historian and politician
  • 1967Chris Gatling, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Luis Gonzalez, Cuban-American baseball player
  • 1968Grace Poe, Filipino educator and politician
  • 1969Noah Baumbach, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – John Fugelsang, American comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1969 – Robert Karlsson, Swedish golfer
  • 1969 – Marianna Komlos, Canadian bodybuilder, model, and wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1969 – Matthew Offord, English journalist and politician
  • 1970Jeremy Glick, American businessman (d. 2001)
  • 1970 – George Lynch, American basketball player and manager
  • 1970 – Gareth Southgate, English footballer and manager
  • 1971Kiran Desai, Indian-American author
  • 1971 – Glen Housman, Australian swimmer
  • 1971 – Chabeli Iglesias, Portuguese-Spanish journalist
  • 1971 – Paolo Montero, Uruguayan footballer and manager
  • 1972Christine Boudrias, Canadian speed skater
  • 1972 – Bob Evans, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1972 – Robbie O'Davis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Martin Straka, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973Damon Stoudamire, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974Clare Kramer, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Rahul Sanghvi, Indian cricketer
  • 1975Daniel Chan, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1975 – Cristobal Huet, French ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Redfoo, American singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
  • 1976Valery V. Afanasyev, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976 – Jevon Kearse, American football player
  • 1976 – Raheem Morris, American football player and coach
  • 1977Rui Marques, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Olof Mellberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1977 – Nate Robertson, American baseball player
  • 1978Terje Bakken, Norwegian singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1978 – John Curtis, English footballer
  • 1978 – Michal Rozsíval, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Nick Wechsler, American actor
  • 1979Júlio César, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Tomo Miličević, Bosnian-American guitarist
  • 1980B.G., American rapper and actor
  • 1980 – Daniel Bilos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Cindy Burger, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Jason McCaslin, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1982Sarah Burke, Canadian skier (d. 2012)
  • 1982 – Andrew McMahon, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1982 – Kaori Natori, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Tiago Rannow, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983Augusto Farfus, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1983 – Nicky Hunt, English footballer
  • 1983 – Marcus McCauley, American football player
  • 1983 – Valdas Vasylius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1984Garrett Hedlund, American actor
  • 1984 – T.J. Perkins, Filipino-American wrestler
  • 1985Scott Carson, English footballer
  • 1985 – Kelvin Wilson, English footballer
  • 1986Shaun White, American snowboarder, skateboarder, and guitarist
  • 1986 – OMI, Jamaican singer
  • 1987Allie, Canadian wrestler
  • 1987 – Modibo Maïga, Malian footballer
  • 1987 – Dawid Malan, English cricketer
  • 1987 – James Neal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988Jérôme Boateng, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1988 – Hana Makhmalbaf, Iranian director and producer
  • 1992August Alsina, American singer-songwriter
  • 1993Dominic Thiem, Austrian tennis player
  • 1994Francis Molo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Glen Rea, English-Irish footballer
  • 1995Niklas Süle, German footballer
  • 1996Joy, South Korean idol and actress
  • 1996 – Adama Barro, Burkinabé footballer[8]
  • 1996 – Abrahm DeVine, American swimmer[9]
  • 1996 – Veronika Domjan, Slovenian athlete[10]
  • 1996 – William Eskelinen, Swedish footballer[11]
  • 1996 – Dwayne Green, Dutch footballer[12]
  • 1996 – D. J. Hogg, American basketball player[13]
  • 1996 – Moonga K., Zambian singerScript error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1996 – Nanda Kyaw, Burmese footballer[14]
  • 1996 – Florian Maitre, French cyclist[15]
  • 1996 – Callum Moore, Australian footballer[16]
  • 1996 – Neilson Powless, American cyclist[17]
  • 1996 – Osgar O'Hoisin, Irish tennis player[18]
  • 1996 – Zhang Tingting, Chinese handball player[19]
  • 1996 – Brad Walsh, Australian footballer[20]
  • 1996 – Yoane Wissa, French footballer[21]
  • 1997Andrew Austin, Irish cricketer[22]
  • 1997 – Sulayman Bojang, Norwegian footballer[23]
  • 1997 – Reniece Boyce, West Indian criketer[24]
  • 1997 – Carter Kieboom, American baseball player[25]
  • 1997 – Petar Krstić, Macedonian footballer[26]
  • 1997 – Devin Singletary, American football player[27]
  • 1997 – Bernard Tekpetey, Ghanaian footballer[28]
  • 1997 – Christopher Udeh, Nigerian footballer[29]
  • 2010Tanitoluwa Adewumi, Nigerian-American chess player[30]

Deaths

  • 264Sun Xiu, Chinese emperor (b. 235)
  • 618Xue Ju, emperor of Qin
  • 863Umar al-Aqta, Arab emir
  • 931Uda, emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1120Gerard Thom (The Blessed Gerard), founder of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c. 1040)
  • 1189Jacob of Orléans, French Jewish scholar[31]
  • 1301Alberto I della Scala, Lord of Verona
  • 1313Anna of Bohemia (b. 1290)
  • 1354Joanikije II, Serbian patriarch and saint
  • 1400John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (b. c. 1352)
  • 1402Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Italian son of Galeazzo II Visconti (b. 1351)
  • 1420Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (b. 1340)
  • 1467Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1434)
  • 1592Robert Greene, English author and playwright (b. 1558)
  • 1609Jean Richardot, Belgian diplomat (b. 1540)
  • 1634Edward Coke, English lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1552)
  • 1653Claudius Salmasius, French scholar and author (b. 1588)
  • 1658Oliver Cromwell, English general and politician (b. 1599)
  • 1720Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway, French general and diplomat (b. 1648)
  • 1729Jean Hardouin, French historian and scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1766Archibald Bower, Scottish historian and author (b. 1686)
  • 1808John Montgomery, American merchant and politician (b. 1722)
  • 1857John McLoughlin, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1784)
  • 1866Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1877Adolphe Thiers, French historian and politician, 2nd President of France (b. 1797)
  • 1883Ivan Turgenev, Russian author and playwright (b. 1818)
  • 1886William W. Snow, American lawyer and politician (b. 1812)
  • 1893James Harrison, Scottish-Australian engineer, journalist, and politician (b. 1816)
  • 1906Mihály Kolossa, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1846)
  • 1914Albéric Magnard, French composer and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1929John Bigham, 1st Viscount Mersey, English jurist and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1936Nikita Balieff, Armenian-Russian puppeteer and director (b. 1876)
  • 1942Will James, Canadian-American author and illustrator (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Séraphine Louis, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1944John Lumsden, Irish physician, founded the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland (b. 1869)
  • 1948Edvard Beneš, Czech academic and politician, 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
  • 1954Marika Kotopouli, Greek actress (b. 1887)
  • 1961Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1963Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright (b. 1907)
  • 1967Francis Ouimet, American golfer and banker (b. 1893)
  • 1969John Lester, American cricketer and soccer player (b. 1871)
  • 1970Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach (b. 1913)[32]
  • 1970 – Alan Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1974Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (b. 1901)
  • 1977Gianni Vella, Maltese artist (b. 1885)[33]
  • 1980Barbara O'Neil, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Duncan Renaldo, Romanian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1981Alec Waugh, English soldier and author (b. 1898)
  • 1985Johnny Marks, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1986Beryl Markham, English-Kenyan pilot, horse trainer, and author (b. 1902)
  • 1987Morton Feldman, American composer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 1988Ferit Melen, Turkish civil servant and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1906)
  • 1989Gaetano Scirea, Italian footballer (b. 1953)
  • 1991Frank Capra, Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1993David Brown, English businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1994James Thomas Aubrey, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Billy Wright, English footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1995Mary Adshead, English painter (b. 1904)[34]
  • 1996Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Australian painter (b. 1910)
  • 2000Edward Anhalt, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2001Pauline Kael, American film critic and author (b. 1919)
  • 2002Kenneth Hare, Canadian climatologist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – W. Clement Stone, American businessman, philanthropist, and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003Alan Dugan, American soldier and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2003Rudolf Leiding, German businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2005R. S. R. Fitter, English biologist and author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007Carter Albrecht, American keyboard player and guitarist (b. 1973)
  • 2007 – Syd Jackson, New Zealand trade union leader and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Jane Tomlinson, English runner (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Steve Fossett, American aviator (b. 1944)
  • 2008Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2010Noah Howard, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2012Griselda Blanco, Colombian drug lord (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Harold Dunaway, American race car driver and pilot (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (b. 1957)
  • 2012 – Siegfried Jamrowski, Russian-German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader and businessman, founded the Unification Church (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Charlie Rose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013Ralph M. Holman, American lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Pedro Ferriz Santacruz, Mexican-American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – José Ramón Larraz, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Janet Lembke, American author and scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Don Meineke, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Lewis Morley, Hong Kong-Australian photographer (b. 1925)
  • 2014Aarno Raninen, Finnish singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – A. P. Venkateswaran, Indian soldier and politician, 14th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1930)
  • 2015Adrian Cadbury, English rower and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Judy Carne, English actress and comedian (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Carter Lay, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (b. 1914)
  • 2017Walter Becker, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – John Ashbery, American poet (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Mansuetus of Toul
    • Marinus
    • Pope Gregory I
    • Remaclus
    • Prudence Crandall (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • September 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • China's victory over Japan commemoration related observances:
    • Armed Forces Day (Republic of China)
    • V-J Day (People's Republic of China)
  • Feast of San Marino and the Republic, celebrates the foundation of the Republic of San Marino in 301.
  • Flag Day (Australia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the second independence of Qatar from the United Kingdom in 1971.
  • Levy Mwanawasa Day (Zambia)
  • Memorial Day (Tunisia)
  • Merchant Navy Remembrance Day (Canada)
  • Merchant Navy Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Welsh Rarebit Day (United States)
  • Tokehega Day (Tokelau, New Zealand)

References

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External links

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