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2021

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Events

  • 61 BCPompey the Great celebrates his third triumph for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1011 – Danes capture Canterbury after a siege, taking Ælfheah, archbishop of Canterbury, as a prisoner.
  • 1227Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades.
  • 1267 – The Treaty of Montgomery recognises Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Prince of Wales, but only as a vassal of King Henry III.
  • 1364 – English forces defeat the French in Brittany, ending the War of the Breton Succession.
  • 1578Tegucigalpa, capital city of Honduras, is claimed by the Spaniards.
  • 1637 – 42-year-old Lorenzo Ruiz dies.
  • 1717 – An earthquake strikes Antigua Guatemala, destroying much of the city's architecture.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1789 – The 1st United States Congress adjourns.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – The Battle of Pákozd is a stalemate between Hungarian and Croatian forces, and is the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution.
  • 1850 – The papal bull Universalis Ecclesiae restores the Roman Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales.
  • 1855 – The Philippine port of Iloilo is opened to world trade by the Spanish administration.[1][2]
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin's Farm is fought.
  • 1864 – The Treaty of Lisbon defines the boundaries between Spain and Portugal and abolishes the Couto Misto microstate.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1907 – The cornerstone is laid at the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (better known as Washington National Cathedral) in Washington, D.C.[3]
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918 – World War I: Bulgaria signs the Armistice of Salonica.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by an Allied attack.
  • 1918 – Germany's Supreme Army Command tells the Kaiser and the Chancellor to open negotiations for an armistice.
  • 1923 – The British Mandate for Palestine takes effect, creating Mandatory Palestine.
  • 1923 – The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon takes effect.
  • 1923 – The First American Track & Field championships for women are held.
  • 1932 – Chaco War: Last day of the Battle of Boquerón between Paraguay and Bolivia.
  • 1940 – Two Avro Ansons collide in mid-air over New South Wales, Australia, remain locked together, then land safely.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces, with the aid of local Ukrainian collaborators, begin the two-day Babi Yar massacre.
  • 1949 – The Communist Party of China writes the Common Programme for the future People's Republic of China.
  • 1954 – The convention establishing CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
  • 1957 – The Kyshtym disaster is the third-worst nuclear accident ever recorded.
  • 1971 – Oman joins the Arab League.
  • 1972China–Japan relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
  • 1975WGPR becomes the first black-owned-and-operated television station in the US.
  • 1979 – The dictator Francisco Macias of Equatorial Guinea is shot by soldiers from Western Sahara.
  • 1988 – NASA launches STS-26, the first mission since the Challenger disaster.
  • 1990 – Construction of the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (better known as Washington National Cathedral) is completed in Washington, D.C.[4]
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – A Haitian coup d'état occurs.
  • 1992 – Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello is impeached.
  • 2004 – The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 – Burt Rutan's Ansari SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the Ansari X Prize.
  • 2006 – A Boeing 737 and an Embraer 600 collide in mid-air, killing 154 people and triggering a Brazilian aviation crisis.
  • 2007Calder Hall, the world's first commercial nuclear power station, is demolished in a controlled explosion.
  • 2009 – The 8.1 Template:M Samoa earthquake results in a tsunami that kills 189 and injures hundreds.
  • 2011 – The special court in India convicted all 269 accused officials for atrocity on Dalits and 17 for rape in the Vachathi case.
  • 2013 – Over 42 people are killed by members of Boko Haram at the College of Agriculture in Nigeria.
  • 2016 – Eleven days after the Uri attack, the Indian Army conducts "surgical strikes" against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.[5]
  • 2019 – Violence and low turnout mar the 2019 Afghan presidential election.[6]
  • 2019 – At least 59 people are reported dead due to monsoon rains in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India. 350 people have died this year due to rain in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh.

Births

  • 106 BCPompey, Roman general and politician (d. 48 BC)
  • 929Qian Chu, Chinese king (Ten Kingdoms) (d. 988)
  • 1240Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scots (d. 1275)[7]
  • 1276Christopher II of Denmark (d. 1332)
  • 1373Margaret of Bohemia, Burgravine of Nuremberg (d. 1410)
  • 1402Fernando, the Saint Prince, of Portugal (d. 1443)
  • 1403Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brzeg-Legnica and Cieszyn, German princess (d. 1449)
  • 1460Louis II de la Trémoille, French military leader (d. 1525)
  • 1463Louis I, Count of Löwenstein, founder of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim (d. 1523)
  • 1511Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, cartographer, and theologian (d. 1553)
  • 1527John Lesley, Scottish bishop (d. 1596)
  • 1538Joan Terès i Borrull, Spanish archbishop and academic (d. 1603)
  • 1547Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright (d. 1616)
  • 1548William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1561Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish priest and mathematician (d. 1615)
  • 1574Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, Scottish nobleman and politician (d. 1624)
  • 1602Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland, English military leader (d. 1668)
  • 1636Thomas Tenison, English archbishop (d. 1715)
  • 1639William Russell, Lord Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1640Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor and educator (d. 1720)
  • 1674Jacques-Martin Hotteterre, French flute player and composer (d. 1763)
  • 1678Adrien Maurice de Noailles, French soldier and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1766)
  • 1691Richard Challoner, English bishop (d. 1781)
  • 1703François Boucher, French painter and set designer (d. 1770)
  • 1718Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian soldier and politician, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1783)
  • 1725Robert Clive, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire (d. 1774)
  • 1758Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, English admiral (d. 1805)
  • 1766Charlotte, Princess Royal of England (d. 1828)
  • 1786Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican general, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • 1803Mercator Cooper, American captain and explorer (d. 1872)
  • 1803 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1850)
  • 1808Henry Bennett, American lawyer and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1810Elizabeth Gaskell, English author (d. 1865)[8]
  • 1816Paul Féval, père, French author and playwright (d. 1887)
  • 1832Joachim Oppenheim, rabbi and author (d. 1891)
  • 1832 – Miguel Miramón, Unconstitutional president of Mexico, 1859-1860 (d. 1867)[9]
  • 1843Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1844Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 10th President of Argentina (d. 1909)
  • 1853Luther D. Bradley, American cartoonist (d. 1917)
  • 1863Hugo Haase, German lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1864Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher and author (d. 1936)
  • 1866Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Ukrainian historian, academic, and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1876Charlie Llewellyn, South African cricketer (d. 1964)
  • 1880Liberato Pinto, Portuguese colonel and politician, 79th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1949)
  • 1881Ludwig von Mises, Austrian-American economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1882Lilias Armstrong, English phonetician (d. 1937)
  • 1885George Scott, English footballer (d. 1916)
  • 1891Ian Fairweather, Scottish-Australian painter (d. 1974)
  • 1895Clarence Ashley, American singer, guitarist, and banjo player (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Joseph Banks Rhine, American botanist and parapsychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Roscoe Turner, American pilot (d. 1970)
  • 1897Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • 1898Trofim Lysenko, Ukrainian-Russian biologist and agronomist (d. 1976)
  • 1899László Bíró, Hungarian-Argentinian journalist and inventor, invented the ballpoint pen (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – Billy Butlin, South African-English businessman, founded Butlins (d. 1980)
  • 1901Lanza del Vasto, Italian poet, philosopher, and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1903Miguel Alemán Valdés, Mexican lawyer and civilian politician, 46th President of Mexico (1946-1952) (d. 1983)[10]
  • 1903 – Diana Vreeland, American journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1904Greer Garson, English-American actress (d. 1996)[11]
  • 1907Gene Autry, American singer, actor, and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman, founded Publix (d. 1996)
  • 1908Eddie Tolan, American sprinter and educator (d. 1967)
  • 1910Bill Boyd, American singer and guitarist (d. 1977)
  • 1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1911Charles Court, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Western Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1912Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2007)[12]
  • 1913Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Stanley Kramer, American director and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1915Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Oscar Handlin, American historian and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1915 – Brenda Marshall, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1916Carl Giles, English cartoonist (d. 1995)
  • 1919Kira Zvorykina, Belarusian chess player (d. 2014)
  • 1920Peter D. Mitchell, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Václav Neumann, Czech violinist and conductor (d. 1995)
  • 1921John Ritchie, New Zealand composer and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Albie Roles, English footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1922Lizabeth Scott, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1923Stan Berenstain, American author and illustrator (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1925Steve Forrest, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Paul MacCready, American engineer, founded AeroVironment (d. 2007)
  • 1926Chuck Cooper, American basketball player (d. 1984)[13]
  • 1926 – Pete Elliott, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1927Adhemar da Silva, Brazilian triple jumper and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Sherwood Johnston, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Pete McCloskey, American colonel and politician
  • 1927 – Barbara Mertz, American historian and author (d. 2013)
  • 1928Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, English lieutenant, engineer, and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Brajesh Mishra, Indian politician and diplomat, 1st Indian National Security Advisor (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Nathan Shamuyarira, Zimbabwean journalist and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2014)
  • 1930Richard Bonynge, Australian pianist and conductor
  • 1930 – Colin Dexter, English author and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1931James Cronin, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish-Italian model and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Paul Oestreicher, German-English priest and theologian
  • 1932Robert Benton, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1932 – Paul Giel, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1933Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique (d. 1986)
  • 1934Skandor Akbar, American wrestler and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1934 – Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Hungarian-American psychologist and academic
  • 1934 – Lance Gibbs, Guyanese cricketer and manager
  • 1934 – Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Lindsay Kline, Australian cricketer (d. 2015)
  • 1935Jerry Lee Lewis, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1936Silvio Berlusconi, Italian businessman and politician, 50th Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1936 – James Fogle, American author (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Hal Trosky, Jr., American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1938Dave Harper, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Wim Kok, Dutch union leader and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1939Fikret Abdić, Bosnian economist and politician
  • 1939 – Jim Baxter, Scottish footballer (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Rhodri Morgan, Welsh politician, 2nd First Minister of Wales (d. 2017)
  • 1940Brute Force, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Carlos Morales Troncoso, Dominican politician, 34th Vice President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2014)
  • 1941David Steele, English cricketer
  • 1942Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
  • 1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Ian McShane, English actor
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American captain and politician
  • 1942 – Jean-Luc Ponty, French violinist and composer
  • 1942 – Janet Powell, Australian educator and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian-American screenwriter and playwright (d. 1996)
  • 1943Wolfgang Overath, German footballer
  • 1943 – Lech Wałęsa, Polish electrician and politician, 2nd President of Poland, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944Mike Post, American composer and producer
  • 1945Kyriakos Sfetsas, Greek composer and poet
  • 1945 – Nadezhda Chizhova, Russian shot putter
  • 1946Patricia Hodge, English actress
  • 1947Ülo Kaevats, Estonian philosopher, academic, and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 38th Chief Justice of India (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – Gary Wetzel, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient
  • 1948Mark Farner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Theo Jörgensmann, German clarinet player and composer
  • 1948 – Mike Pinera, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949George Dalaras, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950Ken Macha, American baseball player and manager
  • 1951Michelle Bachelet, Chilean physician and politician, 34th President of Chile
  • 1951 – Pier Luigi Bersani, Italian educator and politician, 6th President of Emilia-Romagna
  • 1951 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1951 – Maureen Caird, Australian-New Zealand hurdler
  • 1951 – Mike Enriquez, Filipino journalist and radio commentator
  • 1952Roy Campbell, Jr., American trumpet player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Gábor Csupó, Hungarian-American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Klasky Csupo
  • 1952 – Richard Hodges, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1952 – Max Sandlin, American lawyer, judge, and politician
  • 1952 – Takanosato Toshihide, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 59th Yokozuna (d. 2011)
  • 1953Warren Cromartie, American baseball player, coach, and radio host
  • 1953 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Canadian director and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1953 – Lawrence Reed, American economist and author
  • 1954Uwe Jahn, German footballer and manager
  • 1954 – Mark Mitchell, Australian actor
  • 1955Ann Bancroft, American explorer and author
  • 1955 – Gareth Davies, Welsh rugby player and academic
  • 1955 – Joe Donnelly, American politician and lawyer
  • 1955 – Benoît Ferreux, French actor and director
  • 1955 – Gwen Ifill, American journalist (d. 2016)
  • 1956Sebastian Coe, English sprinter and politician
  • 1956 – Jenny Morris, New Zealand-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Suzzy Roche, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1957Chris Broad, English cricketer and referee
  • 1957 – Sokratis Malamas, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Mark Nicholas, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1960Julian Armour, American-Canadian cellist and educator
  • 1960 – Kenneth Hansen, Swedish race car driver
  • 1960 – Alan McGee, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1960 – Hubert Neuper, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1960 – John Paxson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1960 – David Sammartino, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1960 – Andy Slaughter, English politician
  • 1960 – Carol Welsman, Canadian singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1961Julia Gillard, Welsh-Australian lawyer and politician, 27th Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian and radio host
  • 1962Roger Bart, American actor
  • 1963Dave Andreychuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Les Claypool, American bass player, singer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1964Brad Lohaus, American basketball player
  • 1966Hersey Hawkins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Ben Miles, English actor
  • 1967Brett Anderson, English singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Sara Sankey, English badminton player[14]
  • 1968Patrick Burns, American paranormal investigator
  • 1968 – Luke Goss, English actor
  • 1968 – Matt Goss, English singer-songwriter
  • 1969Erika Eleniak, American model and actress
  • 1969 – DeVante Swing, American singer-songwriter, and producer
  • 1969 – Aleks Syntek, Mexican singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1970Russell Peters, Canadian comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1970 – Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese wrestler and trainer
  • 1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
  • 1970 – Kushboo, South Indian actress and producer
  • 1971 – Yitzhak Yedid, Israeli-Australian composer & pianist
  • 1971Tanoka Beard, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Mackenzie Crook, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Theodore Shapiro, American composer
  • 1972Oliver Gavin, English race car driver
  • 1973Foivos Delivorias, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Shannon Larratt, Canadian publisher, founded BMEzine (d. 2013)
  • 1973 – Scout Niblett, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974Brian Ash, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Matt Hullum, American actor, director, and producer, co-founded Rooster Teeth
  • 1974 – James Lance, British actor
  • 1975Albert Celades, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1976Darren Byfield, English-Jamaican footballer
  • 1976 – Kelvin Davis, English footballer
  • 1976 – Óscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
  • 1976 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian footballer and politician
  • 1977Eric Barton, American football player
  • 1977 – Wade Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
  • 1977 – Debelah Morgan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player
  • 1978Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast and coach
  • 1978 – Gunner McGrath, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978 – Karen Putzer, Italian skier
  • 1978 – Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979Orhan Ak, Turkish footballer
  • 1979 – Takumi Beppu, Japanese cyclist and manager
  • 1979 – Artika Sari Devi, Indonesian model and actress
  • 1979 – Shelley Duncan, American baseball player and manager
  • 1979 – Jaime Lozano, Mexican footballer
  • 1980Patrick Agyemang, English footballer
  • 1980 – Dallas Green, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor and singer
  • 1981Aris Galanopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Shane Smeltz, German-New Zealand footballer
  • 1982Matt Giteau, Australian rugby player
  • 1982 – Amy Williams, English skeleton racer
  • 1983Lisette Oropesa, American soprano and actress
  • 1984Per Mertesacker, German footballer
  • 1985Calvin Johnson, American football player
  • 1985 – Niklas Moisander, Finnish footballer
  • 1985 – Dani Pedrosa, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1985 – Magnus Gangstad Jørgensen, Norwegian music producer
  • 1986Lisa Foiles, American actress and journalist
  • 1986 – Mark Fraser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Matt Lashoff, American ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Isaac Makwala, Botswanan sprinter
  • 1986 – Benoît Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987David Del Rio, American actor and director
  • 1988Kevin Durant, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Justin Nozuka, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989Theo Adams, English photographer and director
  • 1989 – Adore Delano, American drag queen and singer
  • 1989 – Yevhen Konoplyanka, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1989 – Aaron Martin, English footballer
  • 1989 – Andrea Poli, Italian footballer
  • 1989 – Fatima Lodhi, Pakistani social activist
  • 1990Doug Brochu, American voice actor
  • 1990 – Gerphil Flores, Filipina classical crossover singer and Asia's Got Talent finalist
  • 1990 – Lena Wermelt, German footballer
  • 1991Adem Ljajić, Serbian footballer
  • 1991 – Martin Jensen, Danish musician
  • 1993Lee Hong-bin, South Korean singer
  • 1993 – Viktor Romanenkov, Estonian figure skater
  • 1993 – Oleg Vernyayev, Ukrainian artistic gymnast
  • 1994Halsey, American Singer
  • 1998Vera Lapko, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1999Choi Ye-na, South Korean singer and dancer[15]

Deaths

  • 722Leudwinus, Frankish archbishop and saint (b. 660)
  • 855Lothair I, Roman emperor (b. 795)
  • 1186William of Tyre, Archbishop of Tyre (b. c. 1130)
  • 1225Arnaud Amalric, Papal legate who allegedly promoted mass murder
  • 1298Guido I da Montefeltro, Italian military strategist (b. 1223)
  • 1304John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, English general (b. 1231)
  • 1360Joanna I of Auvergne, queen consort of France (b. 1326)
  • 1364Charles I, Duke of Brittany (b. 1319)
  • 1382'Izz al-Din ibn Rukn al-Din Mahmud, malik of Sistan
  • 1501Andrew Stewart, Scottish bishop (b. 1442)
  • 1560Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
  • 1622Conrad Vorstius, German-Dutch Remonstrant theologian (b. 1569)
  • 1634Henry Hyde, English politician and lawyer (b.c. 1563)
  • 1637Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino martyr and saint (b. 1600)
  • 1642René Goupil, French missionary and saint (b. 1608)
  • 1642 – William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire (b. 1561)
  • 1703Charles de Saint-Évremond, French-English soldier, author, and critic (b. 1610)
  • 1800Michael Denis, Austrian poet and author (b. 1729)
  • 1804Michael Hillegas, American politician, 1st Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • 1833Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
  • 1862William "Bull" Nelson, American general (b. 1824)
  • 1887Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon and academic (b. 1810)
  • 1889Louis Faidherbe, French general and politician (b. 1818)
  • 1900Samuel Fenton Cary, American lawyer and politician (b. 1814)
  • 1902William McGonagall, Scottish poet and actor (b. 1825)
  • 1902 – Émile Zola, French journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1840)
  • 1908Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1839)
  • 1910Winslow Homer, American painter, illustrator, and engraver (b. 1836)
  • 1913Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the diesel engine (b. 1858)
  • 1918Lawrence Weathers, decorated WWI Australian soldier (b. 1890).[16]
  • 1925Léon Bourgeois, French police officer and politician, 64th Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1851)
  • 1927Arthur Achleitner, German journalist and author (b. 1858)
  • 1927 – Willem Einthoven, Indonesian-Dutch physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1928John Devoy, Irish-American Fenian rebel leader (b. 1842)
  • 1930Ilya Repin, Ukrainian-Russian painter and illustrator (b. 1844)
  • 1937Marie Zdeňka Baborová-Čiháková, Czech botanist and zoologist (b. 1877)[17]
  • 1937 – Ray Ewry, American triple jumper (b. 1873)
  • 1937 – Ernst Hoppenberg, German swimmer and water polo player (b. 1878)
  • 1951Thomas Cahill, American soccer player and coach (b. 1864)
  • 1952John Cobb, English race car driver and pilot (b. 1899)
  • 1967Carson McCullers, American novelist, playwright, essayist, and poet (b. 1917)
  • 1970Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973W. H. Auden, English-American poet, playwright, and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1975Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
  • 1981Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1913)
  • 1982Monty Stratton, American baseball player and coach (b. 1912)
  • 1986Prince George Valdemar of Denmark (b. 1920)
  • 1987Henry Ford II, American businessman (b. 1917)
  • 1988Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989Gussie Busch, American businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1989 – Georges Ulmer, Danish-French singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1919)
  • 1993Gordon Douglas, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 1997Roy Lichtenstein, American painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 1998Tom Bradley, American lieutenant and politician, 38th Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
  • 1999Jean-Louis Millette, Canadian actor (b. 1935)
  • 2000John Grant, English journalist and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2001Mabel Fairbanks, American figure skater and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Vietnamese general and politician, 5th President of South Vietnam (b. 1923)
  • 2004Richard Sainct, French motorcycle racer (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Patrick Wormald, English historian (b. 1947)
  • 2005Patrick Caulfield, English painter and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef and author (b. 1934)
  • 2006Walter Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer and manager (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Michael A. Monsoor, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Louis-Albert Vachon, Canadian cardinal (b. 1912)
  • 2007Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Yıldırım Aktuna, Turkish psychiatrist and politician, Turkish Minister of Health (b. 1930)
  • 2008Hayden Carruth, American poet and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2009Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2010Tony Curtis, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Greg Giraldo, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1965)
  • 2011Sylvia Robinson, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2012Hathloul bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian prince (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Neil Smith, Scottish geographer and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, American publisher (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Malcolm Wicks, English academic and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2013Harold Agnew, American physicist and engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Anton Benning, German lieutenant (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Pete T. Cenarrusa, American soldier, pilot, and politician, Secretary of State of Idaho (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Carl Joachim Classen, German scholar and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – L. C. Greenwood, American football player (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Bob Kurland, American basketball player and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2014Miguel Boyer, Spanish economist and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Andreas Fransson, Swedish skier (b. 1983)
  • 2014 – Stan Monteith, American surgeon and author (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Luis Nishizawa, Mexican painter and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – John Ritchie, New Zealand composer and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – George Shuba, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2015Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian prince (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Hellmuth Karasek, Czech-German journalist, author, and critic (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – William Kerslake, American wrestler and engineer (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Jean Ter-Merguerian, French-Armenian violinist (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Phil Woods, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1931)
  • 2016Miriam Defensor Santiago, Filipina politician (b. 1945)
  • 2017Tom Alter, Indian actor (b. 1950)
  • 2018Otis Rush, American blues guitarist and singer (b. 1934)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Rhipsime
    • September 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • the Archangels Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael. One of the four quarter days in the Irish calendar. (England and Ireland). Called Michaelmas in some western liturgical traditions
  • Day of Machine-Building Industry Workers (Russia)
  • Inventors' Day (Argentina)
  • Victory of Boquerón Day (Paraguay)
  • World Heart Day

References

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  5. India and Pakistan: Reversing roles, The Economist, 8 October 2016.
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  16. Harper, Glyn; Richardson, Colin (2007). In the Face of the Enemy: The Complete History of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: HarperCollins. ISBN: 978-1-86950-650-6.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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