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Events

  • 275 – For the last time, the Roman Senate chooses an emperor; they elect 75-year-old Marcus Claudius Tacitus.[1]
  • 762 – Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 1066 – In the Battle of Stamford Bridge, Harald Hardrada, the invading King of Norway, is defeated by King Harold II of England.[2]
  • 1237 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.
  • 1396 – Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
  • 1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1555 – The Peace of Augsburg is signed by Emperor Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
  • 1690Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
  • 1775American Revolution: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec sets off.
  • 1789 – The United States Congress passes twelve constitutional amendments: the ten known as the Bill of Rights, the (unratified) Congressional Apportionment Amendment, and the Congressional Compensation Amendment.
  • 1790 – Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.
  • 1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver.
  • 1868 – The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevsky is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia.
  • 1890 – The United States Congress establishes Sequoia National Park.
  • 1906Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the Telekino, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered to be the first use of a remote control.
  • 1911 – An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship.
  • 1912Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
  • 1915 – World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
  • 1926 – The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed.
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
  • 1944 – World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem via Oosterbeek.
  • 1955 – The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1956TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
  • 1957Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
  • 1959Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
  • 1962 – The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
  • 1962 – The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah al-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency.
  • 1963 – Lord Denning releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo affair.
  • 1964 – The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins.
  • 1969 – The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.
  • 1974 – Dr. Frank Jobe performs first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (better known as Tommy John surgery) on baseball player Tommy John.
  • 1977 – About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon.
  • 1978PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.
  • 1981Belize joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Thirty-eight IRA prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze Prison.
  • 1992NASA launches the Mars Observer. Eleven months later, the probe would fail while preparing for orbital insertion.
  • 2003 – The 8.3 Template:M Hokkaidō earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan.
  • 2018Bill Cosby is sentenced to three to ten years in prison for aggravated sexual assault.

Births

  • 1358Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1408)
  • 1403Louis III of Anjou (d. 1434)[3]
  • 1525Steven Borough, English explorer and navigator (d. 1584)
  • 1528Otto II, Duke of Brunswick-Harburg (d. 1603)
  • 1529Günther XLI, Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt (d. 1583)
  • 1599Francesco Borromini, Swiss-Italian architect, designed the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and Sant'Agnese in Agone (d. 1667)
  • 1636Ferdinand Joseph, Prince of Dietrichstein, German prince (d. 1698)
  • 1644Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer and instrument maker (d. 1710)
  • 1663Johann Nikolaus Hanff, German organist and composer (d. 1711)
  • 1683Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer and theorist (d. 1764)
  • 1694Henry Pelham, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1754)
  • 1711Qianlong Emperor of China (d. 1799)
  • 1738Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and politician, 7th Governor of Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1741Wenzel Pichl, Czech violinist, composer, and director (d. 1805)
  • 1744Frederick William II of Prussia (d. 1797)
  • 1758Josepha Barbara Auernhammer, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1820)
  • 1761William Mullins, 2nd Baron Ventry, Anglo-Irish politician and peer (d. 1827)
  • 1764Fletcher Christian, English sailor (d. 1793)
  • 1766Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1822)
  • 1771Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and politician (d. 1829)
  • 1773Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist and author (d. 1856)
  • 1782Charles Maturin, Irish author and playwright (d. 1824)
  • 1798Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist and engineer (d. 1874)
  • 1816Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (d. 1893)
  • 1825William Pitt Ballinger, American lawyer and politician (d. 1888)
  • 1825 – Joachim Heer, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the National Council (d. 1879)
  • 1839Karl Alfred von Zittel, German palaeontologist and geologist (d. 1904)
  • 1862Léon Boëllmann, French organist and composer (d. 1897)
  • 1862 – Billy Hughes, English-Australian carpenter and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1952)
  • 1865Henri Lebasque, French artist (d. 1937)
  • 1866Thomas Hunt Morgan, American biologist, geneticist, and embryologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1867Yevgeny Miller, Russian general (d. 1938)
  • 1877Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and President (1924-1928), known as the Jefe Maximo (Maximum Boss) from 1928-1936. (d. 1945)[4]
  • 1879Lope K. Santos, Filipino lawyer and politician, 4th Governor of Rizal (d. 1963)
  • 1881Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic (d. 1936)
  • 1884Adolf Bolm, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1951)
  • 1888Hanna Ralph, German actress (d. 1978)
  • 1889Charles Kenneth Scott Moncrieff, Scottish author and translator (d. 1930)
  • 1893Harald Cramér, Swedish mathematician and statistician (d. 1985)
  • 1896Sandro Pertini, Italian journalist and politician, 7th President of Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1897William Faulkner, American novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1898Robert Brackman, Ukrainian-American painter and educator (d. 1980)
  • 1899Udumalai Narayana Kavi, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1900Artur Sirk, Estonian soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 1937)
  • 1901Robert Bresson, French director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1901 – Gordon Coventry, Australian footballer (d. 1968)
  • 1903Mark Rothko, Latvian-American painter and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1906Volfgangs Dārziņš, Latvian composer, pianist, and music critic (d. 1962)
  • 1906 – Phyllis Pearsall, English painter, cartographer, and author (d. 1996)
  • 1906 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1975)
  • 1908Jacqueline Audry, French director and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1910Ralph Jordan, American football player and coach (d. 1980)
  • 1911Eric Williams, Trinidadian historian and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1981)
  • 1914John Manners, English naval officer and cricketer[5] (d. 2020)
  • 1916Jessica Anderson, Australian author and playwright (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – Deendayal Upadhyaya, Indian economist, sociologist, and journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1917Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1920Sergei Bondarchuk, Ukrainian-Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Satish Dhawan, Indian engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1921Rob Muldoon, New Zealand sergeant, accountant, and politician, 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1992)
  • 1922Hammer DeRoburt, Nauruian educator and politician, 1st President of Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1923Robert Laxalt, American author and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Sam Rivers, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1924Norman Ayrton, English actor and director (d. 2017)
  • 1924 – Red Webb, American baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1925Silvana Pampanini, Italian model, actress, and director, Miss Italy 1946 (d. 2016)
  • 1926Jack Hyles, American pastor and author (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Aldo Ray, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1927Carl Braun, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010)[6]
  • 1927 – Colin Davis, English conductor and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1929Ronnie Barker, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Delia Scala, Italian ballerina and actress (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Barbara Walters, American journalist, producer, and author
  • 1930Nino Cerruti, Italian fashion designer, founded Cerruti
  • 1930 – Shel Silverstein, American author, poet, illustrator, and songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1931Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Bryan John Birch, English mathematician and scholar
  • 1932Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1932 – Terry Medwin, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1932 – Adolfo Suárez, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1933Hubie Brown, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1933 – Ian Tyson, Canadian folk singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1936Ken Forsse, American toy creator and author, created Teddy Ruxpin (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Juliet Prowse, South African-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
  • 1936 – Moussa Traoré, Malian general and politician 2nd President of Mali
  • 1937Mary Allen Wilkes, American computer scientist and lawyer
  • 1938Ron Hill, English runner and businessman
  • 1938 – Jonathan Motzfeldt, Greenlandic priest and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Greenland (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Enn Tarto, Estonian politician
  • 1939Leon Brittan, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – Feroz Khan, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1939 – David S. Mann, American lawyer and politician, Mayor of Cincinnati
  • 1940Tim Severin, Indian-English explorer, historian, and author
  • 1941Vivien Stern, Baroness Stern, English academic and politician
  • 1942Oscar Bonavena, Argentinian boxer (d. 1976)
  • 1942 – Robert Miano, American actor and producer
  • 1942 – Henri Pescarolo, French race car driver
  • 1942 – John Taylor, English pianist and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1942 – Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1943Robert Gates, American lieutenant, academic, and politician, 22nd United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1943 – John Locke, American keyboard player (d. 2006)
  • 1943 – Aram Saroyan, American poet and novelist
  • 1943 – Robert Walden, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1944Michael Douglas, American actor and producer
  • 1944 – Doris Matsui, American politician
  • 1944 – Grayson Shillingford, Dominican cricketer (d. 2009)
  • 1945Kathleen Brown, American lawyer and politician, 29th California State Treasurer
  • 1945 – Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1946Bishan Singh Bedi, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1946 – Felicity Kendal, English actress
  • 1946 – Bryan MacLean, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1946 – Janusz Majer, Polish mountaineer
  • 1946 – Gil Morgan, American golfer
  • 1946 – Ali Parvin, Iranian footballer
  • 1946 – Jerry Penrod, American bass player
  • 1947Giannos Kranidiotis, Greek politician and diplomat (d. 1999)
  • 1947 – Cheryl Tiegs, American model and actress
  • 1947 – Cecil Womack, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1948Mimi Kennedy, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Vladimir Yevtushenkov, Russian businessman
  • 1949Pedro Almodóvar, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Jeff Borowiak, American tennis player
  • 1949 – Steve Mackay, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2015)
  • 1950Stanisław Szozda, Polish cyclist and trainer (d. 2013)
  • 1951Yardena Arazi, Israeli singer
  • 1951 – Burleigh Drummond, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1951 – Graeme Knowles, English bishop
  • 1951 – Mark Hamill, American actor, singer, and producer
  • 1951 – Bob McAdoo, American basketball player and coach
  • 1952Colin Friels, Scottish-Australian actor
  • 1952 – Jimmy Garvin, American wrestler and manager
  • 1952 – bell hooks, American author and activist
  • 1952 – Cherríe Moraga, American poet, playwright, and activist
  • 1952 – Tommy Norden, American actor
  • 1952 – Chris Pond, English politician
  • 1952 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1953Richard Harvey, English mandolin player, keyboard player, and composer
  • 1953 – Ron Rash, American novelist, short story writer, poet
  • 1954 – Sylvester Croom, American football player and coach
  • 1954 – Joep Lange, Dutch physician and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1954 – Juande Ramos, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1955Ludo Coeck, Belgian footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1955 – Zucchero Fornaciari, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Amyr Klink, Brazilian sailor and explorer
  • 1955 – Luanne Rice, American author and activist
  • 1955 – Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Steven Severin, English bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1956W. Daniel Hillis, American computer scientist, engineer, and author, founded the Thinking Machines Corporation
  • 1956 – Jamie Hyneman, American special effects designer and television host, founded M5 Industries
  • 1956 – Miroslav Volf, Croatian Protestant theologian and public intellectual
  • 1957Michael Madsen, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Vladimir Popovkin, Russian general (d. 2014)
  • 1958Randy Kerber, American keyboard player, composer, and conductor
  • 1959Jeon Soo-il, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960Igor Belanov, Ukrainian footballer and manager
  • 1961Mehmet Aslantuğ, Turkish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Heather Locklear, American actress
  • 1961 – Steve Scott, British journalist and presenter
  • 1961 – Tim Zoehrer, Australian cricketer
  • 1962Kalthoum Sarrai, Tunisian-French psychologist and journalist (d. 2010)
  • 1962 – Aida Turturro, American actress
  • 1962 – Dariusz Wdowczyk, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1963Tate Donovan, American actor
  • 1963 – Keely Shaye Smith, American journalist and author
  • 1964Gary Ayles, English race car driver
  • 1964 – Barbara Dennerlein, German organist
  • 1964 – Rebecca Gablé, German novelist
  • 1964 – Kikuko Inoue, Japanese singer-songwriter and voice actress
  • 1964 – Joey Saputo, Canadian businessman
  • 1965Matt Battaglia, American football player, actor, and producer
  • 1965 – Saffron Henderson, Canadian voice actress and singer
  • 1965 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Anne Roumanoff, French actress and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Dave Rundle, South African cricketer
  • 1965 – Rob Schmidt, American director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Rafael Martín Vázquez, Spanish footballer and coach
  • 1965 – Nicky Winmar, Australian footballer
  • 1966Stanislav Bunin, Russian pianist and educator
  • 1966 – Todd Philcox, American football player
  • 1966 – Bong Revilla, Filipino actor and politician
  • 1967Kim Issel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Ashwin Sood, English-Canadian drummer and producer
  • 1968John A. List, American economist and academic
  • 1968 – Will Smith, American actor, producer, and rapper
  • 1968 – John Worsfold, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1969Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Bill Simmons, American journalist and author
  • 1969 – Tony Womack, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
  • 1970Curtis Buckley, American football player and psychiatrist
  • 1971Nikos Boudouris, Greek basketball player and manager
  • 1971 – John Lynch, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Seb Sanders, English jockey
  • 1972Douglas September, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1973Tijani Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1973 – Jenny Chapman, English politician
  • 1974Bill Bowler, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974 – Olivier Dacourt, French footballer
  • 1974 – John Granville, American scholar and diplomat (d. 2008)
  • 1974 – Paul Hurst, English footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Daniel Kessler, English-American singer and guitarist
  • 1974 – Frank Leder, German fashion designer
  • 1974 – Robbie Mears, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1974 – Eric Moss, American football player
  • 1974 – Joel Prpic, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Javier Rosas, Mexican triathlete
  • 1974 – Kemel Thompson, Jamaican hurdler
  • 1975Daniela Ceccarelli, Italian skier
  • 1975 – Declan Donnelly, English entertainer
  • 1975 – Matt Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1975 – Dat Nguyen, American football player and coach
  • 1976Santigold, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1976 – Chauncey Billups, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Eric Roberson, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1976 – Charlotte Ayanna, Puerto Rican American actress and former Miss Teen USA.
  • 1977Clea DuVall, American actress
  • 1977 – Joel David Moore, American actor
  • 1977 – Mike Krahulik, American illustrator
  • 1977 – Wil Nieves, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1978Joe Cotton, Canadian-New Zealand singer
  • 1978 – Roudolphe Douala, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1978 – Ricardo Gardner, Jamaican footballer
  • 1978 – Jodie Kidd, English model and actress
  • 1978 – Ryan Leslie, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1978 – Joel Piñeiro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1979Kyle Bennett, American BMX rider (d. 2012)
  • 1979 – Rashad Evans, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1979 – Jason Koumas, Welsh footballer
  • 1979 – Jean-René Lisnard, French tennis player
  • 1980T.I., American rapper, songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1981Rocco Baldelli, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason Bergmann, American baseball player
  • 1982Hyun Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1983Donald Glover, American actor, rapper, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Terrance Pennington, American football player
  • 1984Cherine Anderson, Jamaican singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1984 – Matías Silvestre, Argentinian footballer
  • 1985Gökhan Güleç, Turkish footballer
  • 1985 – Marvin Matip, German footballer
  • 1986Heidi El Tabakh, Egyptian-Canadian tennis player
  • 1986 – Jamie O'Hara, English footballer
  • 1986 – Marten Strauch, German rugby player
  • 1986 – Steve Forrest, American drummer
  • 1986 – Choi Yoon-young, South Korean actress
  • 1987Monica Niculescu, Romanian tennis player
  • 1987 – Mustafa Yumlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1987 – Adam Lyth, English cricketer
  • 1989Cuco Martina, Curaçaoan footballer
  • 1989 – Aldon Smith, American football player
  • 1990Mao Asada, Japanese figure skater
  • 1990 – Daria Strokous, Russian model, actress, and photographer
  • 1991Emmy Clarke, American actress
  • 1991 – Alessandro Crescenzi, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Calle Järnkrok, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Alexander Rossi, American race car driver
  • 1992Zoël Amberg, Swiss race car driver
  • 1992 – Kerrod Holland, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Massimo Luongo, Australian footballer
  • 1992 – Keauna McLaughlin, American figure skater
  • 1992 – Ruslan Zhiganshin, Russian ice dancer
  • 1993Toby Greene, Australian footballer
  • 1995Todd Hazelwood, Australian race car driver[7]
  • 1996Anett Vilipuu, Estonian footballer

Deaths

  • 1066Harald Hardrada, Norwegian king (b. 1015)
  • 1066 – Maria Haraldsdotter, Norwegian princess
  • 1066 – Tostig Godwinson, English son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex
  • 1086William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
  • 1087Simon I de Montfort, French nobleman (b. c. 1025)
  • 1333Prince Morikuni, Japanese shōgun (b. 1301)
  • 1367Jakushitsu Genkō, Japanese poet (b. 1290)
  • 1396Jean de Carrouges, French knight (b. 1330)
  • 1396 – Jean de Vienne, French general and admiral (b. 1341)
  • 1496Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and politician (b. 1447)
  • 1506Philip I of Castile (b. 1478)
  • 1534Pope Clement VII (b. 1478)
  • 1536Johannes Secundus, Dutch author and poet (b. 1511)
  • 1550Georg von Blumenthal, German bishop (b. 1490)
  • 1588Tilemann Heshusius, German Gnesio-Lutheran theologian (b. 1527)
  • 1602Caspar Peucer, German physician, scholar, and reformer (b. 1525)
  • 1615Arbella Stuart, English noblewoman and woman of letters (b. 1575)
  • 1617Emperor Go-Yōzei of Japan (b. 1572)
  • 1617 – Francisco Suárez, Spanish priest, philosopher, and theologian (b. 1548)
  • 1621Mary Sidney, English writer,
  • 1626Lancelot Andrewes, English bishop and scholar (b. 1555)
  • 1630Ambrogio Spinola, 1st Marquis of the Balbases, Italian general and politician, Governor of the Duchy of Milan (b. 1569)
  • 1665Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (b. 1610)
  • 1703Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish general (b. 1658)
  • 1774John Bradstreet, Canadian-English general (b. 1714)
  • 1777Johann Heinrich Lambert, Swiss mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1728)
  • 1791William Bradford, American soldier and publisher (b. 1719)
  • 1792Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish politician and diplomat (b. 1710)
  • 1794Paul Rabaut, French pastor (b. 1718)
  • 1828Charlotta Seuerling, Swedish singer, harpsichord player, and composer (b. 1783)
  • 1849Johann Strauss I, Austrian composer (b. 1804)
  • 1867Oliver Loving, American rancher, co-developed the Goodnight–Loving Trail (b. 1812)
  • 1893Louise von François, German author (b. 1817)
  • 1900Félix-Gabriel Marchand, Canadian journalist and politician, 11th Premier of Québec (b. 1832)
  • 1900 – John M. Palmer, American general and politician, 15th Governor of Illinois (b. 1817)
  • 1901Arthur Fremantle, English general and politician, Governor of Malta (b. 1835)
  • 1905Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French educator and politician (b. 1853)
  • 1917Thomas Ashe, Irish Republican Brotherhood volunteer, and rebel commander (b. 1885)
  • 1918Mikhail Alekseyev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • 1926Herbert Booth, English songwriter and bandleader (b. 1862)
  • 1928Richard F. Outcault, American cartoonist, created The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown (b. 1863)
  • 1929Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
  • 1933Ring Lardner, American journalist and author (b. 1885)
  • 1939Ali Saip Ursavaş, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1941Foxhall P. Keene, American polo player, golfer, and race car driver (b. 1867)
  • 1943Alexander Hall, Scottish-Canadian soccer player (b. 1880)
  • 1946Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (b. 1879)
  • 1955Martha Norelius Swedish-born American swimmer (b. 1909)[8]
  • 1958John B. Watson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1878)
  • 1960Emily Post, American author and educator (b. 1873)
  • 1961Frank Fay, American actor and singer (b. 1897)
  • 1968Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist and academic (b. 1891)
  • 1968 – Cornell Woolrich, American author and screenwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1970Erich Maria Remarque, German-Swiss author and translator (b. 1898)
  • 1971Hugo Black, American captain, jurist, and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1980John Bonham, English drummer and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1980 – Lewis Milestone, Russian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1983Leopold III of Belgium (b. 1901)
  • 1984Walter Pidgeon, Canadian-American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1986Darshan Singh Canadian, Indian-Canadian trade union leader and activist (b. 1917)
  • 1986 – Donald MacDonald, Canadian union leader and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Nikolay Semyonov, Russian physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1986 – Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1987Mary Astor, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Emlyn Williams, Welsh actor and playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1988Billy Carter, American farmer and businessman (b. 1937)
  • 1988 – Arthur Võõbus, Estonian-American orientalist and scholar (b. 1909)
  • 1990Prafulla Chandra Sen, Indian accountant and politician, 3rd Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1897)
  • 1991Klaus Barbie, German SS captain, known as the "Butcher of Lyon" (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Viviane Romance, French actress and producer (b. 1912)
  • 1992Ivan Vdović, Serbian musician (b. 1961)
  • 1995Dave Bowen, Welsh footballer and manager (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Annie Elizabeth Delany, American dentist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1997Hélène Baillargeon, Canadian singer and actress (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Jean Françaix, French pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1999Marion Zimmer Bradley, American author (b. 1930)
  • 2003Aqila al-Hashimi, Iraqi translator and politician (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Herb Gardner, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – George Plimpton, American writer and literary editor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Edward Said, Palestinian-American philosopher and critic (b. 1935)
  • 2005Don Adams, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Madeline-Ann Aksich, Canadian businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – George Archer, American golfer (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Urie Bronfenbrenner, Russian-American psychologist and ecologist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani linguist and critic (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006Jeff Cooper, American target shooter and author (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – John M. Ford, American author and poet (b. 1957)
  • 2007Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian physician and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – André Emmerich, German-American art dealer (b. 1924)
  • 2008Derog Gioura, Nauruan politician, 23rd President of Nauru (b. 1932)
  • 2009Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Pierre Falardeau, Canadian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2011Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1940)
  • 2012Billy Barnes, American composer and songwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – John Bond, English footballer and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Eric Ives, English historian and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Alonso Lujambio, Mexican academic and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Andy Williams, American singer (b. 1927)
  • 2013Ron Fenton, English footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Choi In-ho, South Korean author and screenwriter (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – José Montoya, American poet and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Billy Mure, American guitarist and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2013 – Pablo Verani, Italian-Argentinian lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Bennet Wong, Canadian psychiatrist and academic, co-founded Haven Institute (b. 1930)
  • 2014Ulrick Chérubin, Haitian-Canadian educator and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Sulejman Tihić, Bosnian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Dorothy Tyler-Odam, English high jumper (b. 1920)
  • 2015Claudio Baggini, Italian Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – John Galvin, American general (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Tom Kelley, American baseball player and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Moti Kirschenbaum, Israeli journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2016José Fernández, Cuban-American baseball player (b. 1992)
  • 2016 – Arnold Palmer, American golfer (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Nahid Hattar, Jordanian writer and political activist (b. 1960)

Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day or Revolution Day (Mozambique)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abadir and Iraja and Companions (Coptic Church)
    • Aunarius (Aunacharius)
    • Anathalon (Archdiocese of Milan)
    • Cadoc
    • Ceolfrith
    • Cleopas
    • Euphrosyne of Alexandria
    • Finbarr
    • Fermin of Amiens
    • Lancelot Andrewes (Church of England)
    • Sergius of Radonezh (repose)
    • Vincent Strambi
    • September 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of National Recognition for the Harkis (France)
  • National Research Administrators Day (United States)[9]
  • National Youth Day (Nauru)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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