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2021

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Events

  • 455 – Emperor Avitus enters Rome with a Gallic army and consolidates his power.
  • 1170 – The Kingdom of Dublin falls to Norman invaders.
  • 1217Livonian Crusade: The Estonian leader Lembitu and Livonian leader Kaupo the Accursed are killed in the Battle of St. Matthew's Day.
  • 1435 – The Congress of Arras causes Burgundy to switch sides in the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1745 – A Hanoverian army is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart
  • 1776 – Part of New York City is burned shortly after being occupied by British forces.
  • 1780American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
  • 1792French Revolution: The National Convention abolishes the monarchy.
  • 1843John Williams Wilson takes possession of the Strait of Magellan on behalf of the Chilean government.
  • 1860Second Opium War: An Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao.
  • 1896Anglo-Egyptian conquest of Sudan: British forces under the command of Horatio Kitchener take Dongola.
  • 1898Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.
  • 1921 – A storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 500–600 people.
  • 1933Salvador Lutteroth establishes Mexican professional wrestling.
  • 1934 – A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing more than three thousand people.
  • 1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is published.
  • 1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500–700 people.
  • 1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu is assassinated by the Iron Guard.
  • 1942The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis send over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaitsi to Bełżec extermination camp.
  • 1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
  • 1942 – The Holocaust in Poland: At the end of Yom Kippur, Germans order Jews to permanently move from Konstantynów to Biała Podlaska.
  • 1942 – The Boeing B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
  • 1949 – The People's Republic of China is proclaimed.
  • 1953 – Lieutenant No Kum-sok, a North Korean pilot, defects to South Korea with his jet fighter.
  • 1964Malta gains independence from the United Kingdom, but remains in the Commonwealth.
  • 1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's fastest bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
  • 1965The Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.
  • 1971Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos begins authoritarian rule by declaring martial law.
  • 1976Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He had been a member of the former Chilean Marxist government.
  • 1976 – Seychelles joins the United Nations.
  • 1981Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O'Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.
  • 1984Brunei joins the United Nations.
  • 1991Armenia gains independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin triggers a constitutional crisis when he suspends parliament and scraps the constitution.
  • 1996 – The Defense of Marriage Act is passed by the United States Congress.
  • 1999 – The Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
  • 2001America: A Tribute to Heroes is broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, raising over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks.
  • 2001 – Ross Parker is murdered in Peterborough, England, by a gang of ten British Pakistani youths.
  • 2003 – The Galileo spacecraft is terminated by sending it into Jupiter's atmosphere.
  • 2012 – Three Egyptian militants open fire on a group of Israeli soldiers in a southern Israel cross-border attack.[1]
  • 2013 – Al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in Kenya, killing at least 67 people.
  • 2019 – A 5.6 Mw earthquake shakes the Albanian port of Durrës. 49 people are injured in the capital, Tirana.[2]

Births

  • 580Pope Vitalian (d. 672)
  • 953Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, Buyid prince
  • 1051Bertha of Savoy (d. 1087)
  • 1371Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1440)
  • 1407Leonello d'Este, Marquis of Ferrara, Italian noble (d. 1450)
  • 1411Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, English politician, Lord Protector of England (d. 1460)
  • 1415Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
  • 1428Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
  • 1433Guillaume Fichet, French scholar and academic (d. 1480)
  • 1452Girolamo Savonarola, Italian priest and philosopher (d. 1498)
  • 1457Hedwig Jagiellon, Duchess of Bavaria, Polish princess (d. 1502)
  • 1552Barbara Longhi, Italian painter (d. 1638)
  • 1559Cigoli, Italian painter and architect (d. 1613)
  • 1629Philip Howard, English cardinal (d. 1694)
  • 1640Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife (d. 1701)
  • 1645Louis Jolliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
  • 1706Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg (d. 1735)
  • 1756John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer (d. 1836)
  • 1758Christopher Gore, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • 1760Ivan Dmitriev, Russian poet and politician, Minister of Justice for Imperial Russia (d. 1837)
  • 1776John Fitchett, English poet (d. 1838)
  • 1819Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois (d. 1864)
  • 1840Murad V, Ottoman sultan (d. 1904)
  • 1842Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1846Mihály Kolossa, Hungarian-Slovene author and poet (d. 1906)
  • 1849Maurice Barrymore, American actor (d. 1905)
  • 1853Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1859Francesc Macià, Catalan colonel and politician, 122nd President of Catalonia (d. 1933)
  • 1860Wilson Kettle, Canadian centenarian (d. 1963)
  • 1862James E. Talmage, English-American religious leader and author (d. 1933)
  • 1863John Bunny, American actor (d. 1915)
  • 1866Charles Nicolle, French-Tunisian microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1866 – H. G. Wells, English novelist, historian, and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1867Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe, English politician, 4th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (d. 1950)
  • 1872Henry Tingle Wilde, English chief officer on the RMS Titanic (d. 1912)
  • 1873Papa Jack Laine, American drummer and bandleader (d. 1966)
  • 1874Gustav Holst, English composer and educator (d. 1934)
  • 1878Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (d. 1951)
  • 1882Geevarghese Ivanios, Indian metropolitan (d. 1953)
  • 1884Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician and theorist (d. 1944)
  • 1890Max Immelmann, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1916)
  • 1890 – Charles William Train, English sergeant, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1965)
  • 1894Anton Piëch, Austrian lawyer and businessman (d. 1952)
  • 1898 – Frances Mary Albrier, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)[3]
  • 1899Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
  • 1902Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Allen Lane, English publisher, founded Penguin Books (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1937)
  • 1903Preston Tucker, American engineer and businessman, designed the Tucker Sedan (d. 1956)
  • 1904Hans Hartung, German-French painter (d. 1989)
  • 1905Robert Lebel, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1906Henry Beachell, American biologist and botanist (d. 2006)
  • 1909Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian educator and politician, 1st President of Ghana (d. 1972)
  • 1910Meinrad Schütter, Swiss composer (d. 2006)
  • 1912Chuck Jones, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – György Sándor, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916Françoise Giroud, Swiss-French journalist and politician, French Minister of Culture (d. 2003)
  • 1917Phyllis Nicolson, English mathematician and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1918John Gofman, American physicist, chemist, and biologist (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Karl Slover, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1918 – Juan José Arreola, Mexican writer and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1919Mario Bunge, Argentinian-Canadian physicist and philosopher (d. 2020)
  • 1919 – Herman Fowlkes, Jr., American trumpet player and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Fazlur Rahman Malik, Pakistani philosopher and scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1920Kenneth McAlpine, British race car driver
  • 1921John McHale, American baseball player and manager (d. 2008)
  • 1923Fred Hunt, British jazz pianist (d. 1986)[4]
  • 1924Hermann Buhl, Austrian mountaineer (d. 1957)
  • 1926Don Dunstan, Fijian-Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Premier of South Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Donald A. Glaser, American physicist and neurobiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Fereydoon Moshiri, Iranian poet and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1929Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1929 – Edgar Valter, Estonian author and illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Bernard Williams, English-Italian philosopher and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1930John Morgan, Welsh-Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Bob Stokoe, English footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1931Larry Hagman, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1932Shirley Conran, English journalist and author
  • 1932 – Marjorie Fletcher, English Director of the Women's Royal Naval Service (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Don Preston, American keyboard player and composer
  • 1933Allan Jeans, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Dick Simon, American race car driver
  • 1934Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer-songwriter and poet (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – María Rubio, Mexican actress (d. 2018)
  • 1935Jimmy Armfield, English footballer and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Henry Gibson, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1936Ian Albery, English manager and producer
  • 1936 – Dickey Lee, American pop-country singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1936 – Yury Luzhkov, Russian soldier and politician, 2nd Mayor of Moscow (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Diane Rehm, American journalist and radio host
  • 1937John D'Amico, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 2005)
  • 1938Doug Moe, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – Olu Falae, Nigerian politician and government official
  • 1939Agnivesh, Indian philosopher, academic, and politician
  • 1940Ron Fenton, English footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Hermann Knoflacher, Austrian engineer and academic
  • 1940 – Bill Kurtis, American journalist and producer
  • 1941Jack Brisco, American wrestler and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – R. James Woolsey, Jr., American scholar and diplomat, 16th Director of Central Intelligence
  • 1942Sam McDowell, American baseball player
  • 1943David Hood, American session bassist and trombone player (Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section)
  • 1943 – Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
  • 1944Steve Beshear, American lawyer and politician, 61st Governor of Kentucky
  • 1944 – Marcus Binney, English historian and author
  • 1944 – Fannie Flagg, American actress, comedian, and author
  • 1944 – Hamilton Jordan, American politician, 8th White House Chief of Staff (d. 2008)
  • 1944 – Bobby Tench, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945Richard Childress, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1945 – Shaw Clifton, Northern Irish 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1945 – Kay Ryan, American poet and educator
  • 1946Rose Garrard, English sculptor and author
  • 1946 – Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss lawyer and politician, 87th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1946 – Mart Siimann, Estonian psychologist and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1947Don Felder, American musician and songwriter (Eagles)
  • 1947 – Keith Harris, English ventriloquist and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Rupert Hine, English musician, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1947 – Stephen King, American author and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Ed Nimmervoll, Austrian-Australian journalist, historian, and author (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Marsha Norman, American playwright and author
  • 1948Jack Dromey, English union leader and politician
  • 1948 – Mitsuo Momota, Japanese wrestler
  • 1949Henry Butler, American pianist and photographer
  • 1949 – Artis Gilmore, American basketball player and radio host
  • 1949 – Odilo Scherer, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1950Charles Clarke, English economist and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1950 – Bill Murray, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951Bruce Arena, American soccer player and manager
  • 1951 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen general and politician, 3rd President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (d. 2005)
  • 1952Dave Gregory, English guitarist and keyboard player
  • 1952 – John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick, English lawyer and politician
  • 1953Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Reinhard Marx, German cardinal
  • 1954Shinzō Abe, Japanese lawyer and politician, 90th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1954 – Thomas S. Ray, American ecologist and academic
  • 1954 – Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor, English rock drummer (Motörhead) (d. 2015)
  • 1955Richard Hieb, American engineer and astronaut
  • 1955 – Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956Jack Givens, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Marta Kauffman, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1956 – Ricky Morton, American wrestler
  • 1957Ethan Coen, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Mark Levin, American lawyer, radio host, and author
  • 1957 – Sidney Moncrief, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Kevin Rudd, Australian politician and diplomat, 26th Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1958Rick Mahorn, American basketball player and coach
  • 1958 – Simon Mayo, English radio host
  • 1959Crin Antonescu, Romanian educator and politician, former Interim President of Romania
  • 1959 – Andrzej Buncol, Polish footballer
  • 1959 – Dave Coulier, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Danny Cox, English-American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Corinne Drewery, English singer-songwriter (Swing Out Sister) and fashion designer
  • 1960David James Elliott, Canadian-American actor and director
  • 1960 – Masoumeh Ebtekar, Iranian journalist, politician and scientist, first woman Vice President of Iran
  • 1960 – Kelley Eskridge, American author and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Musalia Mudavadi, Kenyan politician and Former Deputy Prime Minister
  • 1960 – Graham Southern, English art dealer and gallery owner
  • 1960 – Maurizio Cattelan, Italian sculptor
  • 1961Billy Collins, Jr., American boxer (d. 1984)
  • 1961 – Dan Borislow, American businessman, invented the magicJack (d. 2014)
  • 1961 – Nancy Travis, American actress and producer
  • 1962Rob Morrow, American actor
  • 1963Curtly Ambrose, Antiguan cricketer and bass player
  • 1963 – Cecil Fielder, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Mamoru Samuragochi, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Trevor Steven, English footballer
  • 1963 – David J. Wales, British academic and educator
  • 1964Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Lester Quitzau, Canadian guitarist
  • 1965Frédéric Beigbeder, French author and critic
  • 1965 – Cheryl Hines, American actress
  • 1965 – Johanna Vuoksenmaa, Finnish director and screenwriter
  • 1966Kerrin Lee-Gartner, Canadian skier and journalist
  • 1967Faith Hill, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1967 – Suman Pokhrel, Nepali poet, lyricist and playwright
  • 1967 – Tyler Stewart, Canadian drummer
  • 1968Kevin Buzzard, British mathematician
  • 1968 – David Jude Jolicoeur, American rapper, songwriter, and producer (De La Soul)
  • 1968 – Ricki Lake, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1969Anne Burrell, American chef and television host
  • 1969 – Jason Christiansen, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Curtis Leschyshyn, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1970Melissa Ferrick, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Samantha Power, Irish-American journalist, academic, and diplomat, 28th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1971John Crawley, English cricketer and academic
  • 1971 – Alfonso Ribeiro, American actor and golf player
  • 1971 – Luke Wilson, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1972Olivia Bonamy, French actress
  • 1972 – Liam Gallagher, English singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Jon Kitna, American football player and coach
  • 1973Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist and author
  • 1973 – Virginia Ruano Pascual, Spanish tennis player
  • 1973 – Oswaldo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
  • 1974Bryce Drew, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Jana Kandarr, German tennis player
  • 1974 – Andy Todd, English footballer and manager
  • 1975Doug Davis, American baseball player
  • 1976Jonas Bjerre, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Poul Hübertz, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1977Kārlis Lācis, Latvian pianist and composer
  • 1977 – Andre Pärn, Estonian basketball player
  • 1977 – Kohei Sato, Japanese wrestler
  • 1977 – Brian Tallet, American baseball player
  • 1978Paulo Costanzo, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1978 – Luke Godden, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Doug Howlett, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979James Allan, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Richard Dunne, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Gayle, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1979 – Julian Gray, English footballer
  • 1979 – Monika Merl, German runner
  • 1980Nyree Kindred, Welsh swimmer
  • 1980 – Tomas Scheckter, South African race car driver
  • 1980 – Autumn Reeser, American actress
  • 1980 – Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1981Nicole Richie, American actress, fashion designer, and author
  • 1981 – Sarah Whatmore, English singer-songwriter[5]
  • 1982Eduardo Azevedo, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1982 – Christos Tapoutos, Greek basketball player
  • 1982 – Rowan Vine, English footballer
  • 1983Ndiss Kaba Badji, Senegalese athlete
  • 1983 – Alex Bailey, British footballer
  • 1983 – Dwayne Barker, English rugby league player
  • 1983 – Sarah Rees Brennan, Irish writer
  • 1983 – Stipe Buljan, Croatian footballer
  • 1983 – John Castillo, Colombian footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Cavenaghi, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Wagner Diniz, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Moustapha Djallit, Algerian footballer
  • 1983 – Francesco Dracone, Italian race car driver
  • 1983 – Scott Evans, American actor
  • 1983 – Anna Favella, Italian actress
  • 1983 – Éder Monteiro Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Kristian Gidlund, Swedish drummer and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1983 – Maggie Grace, American actress
  • 1983 – Bryan Willis Hamilton, American musician
  • 1983 – Liam Harrison, British rugby league player
  • 1983 – Cristian Hidalgo, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Greg Jennings, American football player
  • 1983 – Dorothea Kalpakidou, Greek discus thrower
  • 1983 – Derek Landri, American footballer
  • 1983 – C. S. Magaoay, American researcher and activist
  • 1983 – Joseph Mazzello, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Anna Meares, Italian track cyclist
  • 1983 – Reggie Nelson, American footballer
  • 1983 – Mark Nerkowski, American soccer player
  • 1983 – Dênis Oliveira de Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Rasmus Persson, Swedish radio personality
  • 1983 – Marcin Piekarski, Polish luger
  • 1983 – Rafael Marques Pinto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Tori Polk, American athlete
  • 1983 – Miguel Potes Mina, Colombian footballer
  • 1983 – Javier Alejandro Rabbia, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Wakakirin Shinichi, Japanese sumo wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Joana Solnado, Portuguese actress
  • 1983 – Ben Richardson, British cinematographer
  • 1983 – Asa Taccone, American musician
  • 1983 – Ronny Toma, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Sanka Wijegunaratne, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Ycare, French singer songwriter
  • 1984Ben Wildman-Tobriner, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Wale, American rapper
  • 1985Justin Durant, American football player
  • 1986Faris Badwan, English singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Lindsey Stirling, American violinist and composer
  • 1987Jimmy Clausen, American football player
  • 1987 – Anthony Don, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Marcelo Estigarribia, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1987 – Murilo Maccari, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Ashley Paris, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Courtney Paris, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Michał Pazdan, Polish footballer
  • 1987 – Ivelisse Vélez, Puerto Rican wrestler
  • 1988Doug Baldwin, American football player
  • 1988 – Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Pakistani politician
  • 1989Jason Derulo, American singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Sandor Earl, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Emma Watkins, Australian singer and actress
  • 1990Al-Farouq Aminu, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Danny Batth, English footballer
  • 1990 – Rob Cross, English darts player
  • 1990 – Ivan Dorschner, American-Filipino model and actor
  • 1990 – Sam Kasiano, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1991Anastassia Kovalenko, Estonian motorcycle racer
  • 1992Kim Jong-dae, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Rodrigo Godínez, Mexican footballer
  • 1993Kirsty Gilmour, Scottish badminton player[6]
  • 1993 – Kwon Mina, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1993 – Ante Rebić, Croatian footballer
  • 1998Máscara de Bronce, Mexican wrestler
  • 1999Wang Junkai, Chinese singer
  • 1999 – Alexander Isak, Eritrean-Swedish professional footballer

Deaths

  • 19 BCVirgil, Roman poet (b. 70 BC)
  • 454Flavius Aetius, Roman general and politician (b. 396)
  • 687Pope Conon (b. 630)
  • 1026Otto-William, Count of Burgundy
  • 1217Lembitu, Estonian king and military leader
  • 1217 – Caupo of Turaida
  • 1235Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1175)
  • 1256William of Kilkenny, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1327Edward II of England (b. 1284)[7]
  • 1397Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English admiral (b. 1346)
  • 1558Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
  • 1576Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, physician, and astrologer (b. 1501)
  • 1586Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1517)
  • 1629Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1587)
  • 1637William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (b. 1602)
  • 1643 – Emperor Hong Taiji of China (b. 1592)
  • 1709Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian statesman, Hetman of Zaporizhian Host (b. 1639)
  • 1719Johann Heinrich Acker, German historian and academic (b. 1647)
  • 1743Jai Singh II, Indian king (b. 1688)
  • 1748John Balguy, English philosopher and author (b. 1686)
  • 1796François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798George Read, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Delaware (b. 1733)
  • 1812Emanuel Schikaneder, German actor and playwright (b. 1751)
  • 1832Walter Scott, Scottish novelist, playwright, and poet (b. 1771)
  • 1860Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher and author (b. 1788)
  • 1874Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist and engineer (b. 1798)
  • 1880Manuel Montt, Chilean scholar and politician, 6th President of Chile (b. 1809)
  • 1887Wazid Ali Shah, last Nawab of Awadh (b. 1822)
  • 1904Chief Joseph, American tribal leader (b. 1840)
  • 1905Nikolay Benardos, Ukrainian inventor (b. 1842)
  • 1906Samuel Arnold, American conspirator (b. 1838)
  • 1926Léon Charles Thévenin, French engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1933Kenji Miyazawa, Japanese author and poet (b. 1896)
  • 1937Osgood Perkins, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1938Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian author and poet (b. 1874)
  • 1939Armand Călinescu, Romanian economist and politician, 39th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1942John Symes, English cricketer (b. 1879)
  • 1944Alexander Koshetz, Ukrainian choral conductor, arranger, composer (b. 1875)
  • 1944 – Artur Phleps, Romanian general (b. 1881)
  • 1947Harry Carey, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1878)
  • 1953Necmettin Sadak, Turkish publisher and politician, 10th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1890)
  • 1954Mikimoto Kōkichi, Japanese businessman (b. 1858)
  • 1956Bill Struth, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1875)
  • 1957Haakon VII of Norway (b. 1872)
  • 1958Peter Whitehead, English race car driver (b. 1914)
  • 1961Ed Oliver, American golfer (b. 1915)
  • 1962Bo Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1892)
  • 1963Paulino Masip, Spanish author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1964Josef Müller, Croatian entomologist (b. 1880)
  • 1966Paul Reynaud, French lawyer and politician, 118th Prime Minister of France (b. 1878)
  • 1971Bernardo Houssay, Argentinian physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1972Henry de Montherlant, French essayist, novelist, and dramatist (b. 1896)
  • 1974Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Jacqueline Susann, American author and actress (b. 1918)
  • 1975Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu, Turkish painter and poet (b. 1911)
  • 1976Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Chile (b. 1932)
  • 1982Ivan Bagramyan, Russian general (b. 1897)
  • 1983Andrew Brewin, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Bob Donham, American basketball player (b. 1926)
  • 1983 – Bada Rajan, Indian mobster (b. unknown)
  • 1983 – Birgit Tengroth, Swedish actor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Willy Trenk-Trebitsch, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Xavier Zubiri, Basque philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1985Gu Long, Chinese author and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1987Jaco Pastorius, American bass player, composer, and producer (b. 1951)
  • 1988Glenn Robert Davis, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1989Rajini Thiranagama, Sri Lankan physician and academic (b. 1954)
  • 1990Takis Kanellopoulos, Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1991Gordon Bashford, English engineer (b. 1916)
  • 1992Tarachand Barjatya, Indian film producer, founded Rajshri Productions (b. 1914)
  • 1995Rudy Perpich, American dentist and politician, 34th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1928)
  • 1998Florence Griffith Joyner, American sprinter (b. 1959)
  • 2000Jacques Flynn, Canadian lawyer and politician, 35th Canadian Minister of Justice (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leonid Rogozov, Russian physician and surgeon (b. 1934)
  • 2002Robert L. Forward, American physicist and science fiction author (b. 1932) [8]
  • 2004Bob Mason, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2006Tasos Athanasiadis, Greek author (b. 1913)
  • 2007Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian skier (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Rex Humbard, American evangelist and television host (b. 1919)
  • 2009Robert Ginty, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2011John Du Cann, English guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 2011 – Jun Henmi, Japanese author and poet (b. 1939)
  • 2011 – Pamela Ann Rymer, American lawyer and judge (b. 1941)
  • 2012José Curbelo, Cuban-American pianist and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Yehuda Elkana, Israeli historian and philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Sven Hassel, Danish-German soldier and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Bill King, English commander, sailor, and author (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Tom Umphlett, American baseball player and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2013Kofi Awoonor, Ghanaian author, poet, and diplomat (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Michel Brault, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Harl H. Haas, Jr., American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Walter Wallmann, German lawyer and politician, Minister-President of Hesse (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Ko Wierenga, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2014Michael Harari, Israeli intelligence officer (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Caldwell Jones, American basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Sheldon Patinkin, American director and playwright (b. 1935)
  • 2015Yoram Gross, Polish-Australian director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Ray Warleigh, Australian-English saxophonist and flute player (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Richard Williamson, American footballer and coach (b. 1941)
  • 2018Trần Đại Quang, President of Vietnam (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Vitaliy Masol, Ukrainian Former Prime Minister (b.1928)[9]

Holidays and observances

  • Autumnal equinox observances in the Northern Hemisphere, vernal equinox observances in the Southern Hemisphere (see September 22):
    • Spring Day (Argentina)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Ephigenia of Ethiopia
    • Laurent-Joseph-Marius Imbert (one of the Korean Martyrs)
    • Matthew the Evangelist (Western Church)
    • Nativity of the Theotokos (Orthodox Church, Julian calendar)
    • September 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Arbor Day (Brazil)
  • Commemoration of the Declaration of Martial Law (Philippines)
  • Customs Service Day (Poland)
  • Founder's Day and National Volunteer Day (Ghana)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Armenia from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Belize from the United Kingdom in 1981.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Malta from the United Kingdom in 1964.
  • International Day of Peace (International)
  • National Pecan Cookie Day (United States)
  • Student's Day (Bolivia)
  • Victory over the Golden Horde in the Battle of Kulikovo (Russia)

Other

  • In the popular 1978 song "September" by Earth, Wind & Fire, the date of September 21 is mentioned in the lyric "Do you remember the 21st night of September?" This reference has gained popularity on the internet due to the song's spread as an internet meme.[10]

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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