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2021

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  2020 (Wednesday)
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Events

  • 44 BCPharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion. Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 44 BC – Cicero launches the first of his Philippicae (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.[1]
  • 31 BCFinal War of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.[2]
  • 1192 – The Treaty of Jaffa is signed between Richard I of England and Saladin, leading to the end of the Third Crusade.[3]
  • 1649 – The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666 – The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings, including Old St Paul's Cathedral.
  • 1752 – Great Britain, along with its overseas possessions, adopts the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
  • 1792 – During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1806 – A massive landslide destroys the town of Goldau, Switzerland, killing 457.
  • 1807 – The British Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • 1856 – The Tianjing incident takes place in Nanjing, China.
  • 1862American Civil War: United States President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city, ending the Atlanta Campaign.
  • 1867 – Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō, thereafter known as Empress Shōken.
  • 1870Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan: Prussian forces take Napoleon III of France and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
  • 1885Rock Springs massacre: In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1898Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establish British dominance in Sudan.
  • 1901 – Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
  • 1912Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America.
  • 1935 – The Labor Day Hurricane, the most intense hurricane to strike the United States, makes landfall at Long Key, Florida, killing at least 400.
  • 1939World War II: Following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed by Japan and the major warring powers aboard the battleship Template:Ship in Tokyo Bay.
  • 1945 – Communist leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam after the end of the Nguyễn dynasty.
  • 1946 – The Interim Government of India is formed, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru as vice president with the powers of a Prime Minister.
  • 1957 – President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam becomes the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.
  • 1958 – A USAF RC-130 is shot down by fighters over Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.
  • 1960 – The first election of the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
  • 1963CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
  • 1968Operation OAU begins during the Nigerian Civil War.
  • 1970NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation is re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
  • 1984 – Seven people are shot and killed and 12 wounded in the Milperra massacre, a shootout between the rival motorcycle gangs Bandidos and Comancheros in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1985Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politicians and former MPs M. Alalasundaram and V. Dharmalingam are shot dead.
  • 1987 – In Moscow, the trial begins for 19-year-old pilot Mathias Rust, who flew his Cessna airplane into Red Square in May.
  • 1990Transnistria is unilaterally proclaimed a Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
  • 1992 – The 7.7 Template:M Nicaragua earthquake affected the west coast of Nicaragua. With a Template:MTemplate:M disparity of half a unit, this tsunami earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused most of the damage and casualties, with at least 116 killed. Typical runup heights were Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1998Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia; all 229 people onboard are killed.
  • 1998 – The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
  • 2009 – The Andhra Pradesh, India helicopter crash occurred near Rudrakonda Hill, 40 nautical miles (74 km) from Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. Fatalities included Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • 2010Israel-Palestinian conflict: the 2010 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks are launched by the United States.[4]
  • 2013 – The Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens at 10:15 PM at a cost of $6.4 billion, after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the old span.
  • 2019Hurricane Dorian, a category 5 hurricane, devastates the Bahamas, killing at least five.[5]

Births

  • 1243Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)[6]
  • 1251Francis of Fabriano, Italian writer (d. 1322)
  • 1516Francis I, Duke of Nevers (d. 1561)
  • 1531Francesco Cattani da Diacceto, Bishop of Fiesole (d. 1595)
  • 1548Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
  • 1661Georg Böhm, German organist and composer (d. 1733)
  • 1675William Somervile, English poet and author (d. 1742)
  • 1753Marie Joséphine of Savoy (d. 1810)[7]
  • 1778Louis Bonaparte, French-Dutch king (d. 1846)[8]
  • 1805Esteban Echeverría, Argentinian poet and author (d. 1851)
  • 1810Lysander Button, American engineer (d. 1898)
  • 1810 – William Seymour Tyler, American historian and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1814Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1896)[9]
  • 1820Lucretia Hale, American journalist and author (d. 1900)
  • 1830William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (d. 1911)
  • 1838Bhaktivinoda Thakur, Indian guru and philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Liliʻuokalani of Hawaii (d. 1917)[10]
  • 1839Henry George, American economist and author (d. 1897)
  • 1850Eugene Field, American author and poet (d. 1895)
  • 1850 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded the Spalding Sporting Goods Company (d. 1915)
  • 1850 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (d. 1919)
  • 1852Paul Bourget, French author and critic (d. 1935)[11]
  • 1853Wilhelm Ostwald, Latvian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)[12]
  • 1856John Bowser, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of Victoria (d. 1936)
  • 1862Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist and composer (d. 1881)
  • 1865Simeón Ola, Filipino general and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1866Charles Vintcent, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1943)
  • 1873Lily Poulett-Harris, Australian cricketer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1877Frederick Soddy, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1956)
  • 1878Herman, Estonian-Finnish archbishop (d. 1961)
  • 1878 – Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1883Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria (d. 1963)
  • 1884Frank Laubach, American missionary and mystic (d. 1970)
  • 1892Dezső Kertész, Hungarian actor and film director (d. 1965)
  • 1894Joseph Roth, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1939)[13]
  • 1897Fazlollah Zahedi, Iranian general and statesman, 36th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1963)
  • 1901Andreas Embirikos, Greek psychoanalyst and poet (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (d. 1977)
  • 1904August Jakobson, Estonian author and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1907Pertev Naili Boratav, Turkish author and educator (d. 1998)
  • 1908Ruth Bancroft, American landscape and garden designer (d. 2017)
  • 1910Paul Saagpakk, Estonian linguist, lexicographer, and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (d. 2005)
  • 1911Romare Bearden, American painter and author (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – William F. Harrah, American businessman, founded the Caesars Entertainment Corporation (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Lill Tschudi, Swiss artist (d. 2004)[14]
  • 1912Ernest Bromley, Australian cricketer (d. 1967)
  • 1913Israel Gelfand, Russian-American mathematician and biologist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1981)
  • 1915Benjamin Aaron, American lawyer and scholar (d. 2007)
  • 1916Ömer Lütfi Akad, Turkish director and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1917Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian-American guitarist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Cleveland Amory, American author and critic (d. 1997)
  • 1918Allen Drury, American journalist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1919Marge Champion, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1919 – Lance Macklin, English racing driver and businessman (d. 2002)[15]
  • 1922Arthur Ashkin, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Leigh Kamman, American radio host (d. 2014)
  • 1923René Thom, French mathematician, biologist, and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor and comedian (d. 1988)
  • 1924Daniel arap Moi, Kenyan educator and politician, 2nd President of Kenya (d. 2020)[16]
  • 1925Hugo Montenegro, American composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1927Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Francis Matthews, English actor (d. 2014)[17]
  • 1928Jim Jordan, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Horace Silver, American pianist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Mel Stuart, American director and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1929Hal Ashby, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Beulah Bewley, English physician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Rex Hartwig, Australian tennis player
  • 1929 – Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1931Clifford Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1993)
  • 1931 – Alan K. Simpson, American politician, senator of Wyoming
  • 1932Walter Davis, Jr., American pianist (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Arnold Greenberg, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (d. 2012)
  • 1933Ed Conlin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Mathieu Kérékou, Beninese soldier and politician, President of Benin (d. 2015)
  • 1934Hilla Becher, German conceptual photographer (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Sam Gooden, American soul singer
  • 1934 – Chuck McCann, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Grady Nutt, American comedian, minister, and author (d. 1982)
  • 1935D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer
  • 1936Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American businessman, engineer, and author (d. 2016)
  • 1936 – Károly Krajczár, Hungarian-Slovene author and educator (d. 2018)
  • 1937Len Carlson, Canadian voice actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Peter Ueberroth, American businessman
  • 1938Leonard Appleyard, English diplomat, British Ambassador to China (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Jimmy Clanton, American pop singer-songwriter
  • 1938 – Ernie Sigley, Australian television host
  • 1941Jyrki Otila, Finnish economist and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Sadhana Shivdasani, Indian actress (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – John Thompson, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 2020)
  • 1943Rosalind Ashford, American singer
  • 1943 – Glen Sather, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1943 – Joe Simon, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1944Janet Simpson, English sprinter (d. 2010)
  • 1946Luis Ávalos, Cuban-American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Mary Goudie, Baroness Goudie, English humanitarian and politician
  • 1946 – Marty Grebb, American keyboardist, guitarist, saxophonist, and music producer/arranger (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Billy Preston, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Walt Simonson, American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Dan White, American assassin and politician (d. 1985)
  • 1947Louis Michel, Belgian educator and politician, Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1947 – Jim Richards, New Zealand racing driver
  • 1948Nate Archibald, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Terry Bradshaw, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1948 – Christa McAuliffe, American educator and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1949Moira Stuart, British broadcaster
  • 1949 – Hans-Hermann Hoppe, American economist and philosopher
  • 1950Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
  • 1950 – Michael Rother, German guitarist, keyboard player, and songwriter
  • 1951Jim DeMint, American politician
  • 1951 – Mark Harmon, American actor and producer
  • 1951 – Mik Kaminski, English musician, rock violinist
  • 1952Jimmy Connors, American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Mihhail Lotman, Estonian linguist, scholar, and politician
  • 1953Maurice Colclough, English rugby player (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and politician, Afghan Minister of Defense (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – John Zorn, American saxophonist, composer, and producer
  • 1954Billi Gordon, American neuroscientist, author, and actor. (d. 2018)
  • 1954 – Gai Waterhouse, Scottish-Australian horse trainer and businesswoman
  • 1956Mario Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1957Tony Alva, American skateboarder and bass player
  • 1957 – Steve Porcaro, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1958Lynne Kosky, Australian social worker and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1959Drungo Hazewood, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1959 – Guy Laliberté, Canadian businessman, philanthropist, and poker player, founded Cirque du Soleil
  • 1960Eric Dickerson, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1960 – Rex Hudler, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1961Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Ron Wasserman, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1962Eugenio Derbez, Mexican actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Alonso Lujambio, Mexican academic and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1962 – Prachya Pinkaew, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Keir Starmer, English lawyer and politician, Leader of the Labour Party
  • 1962 – Tracy Smothers, American wrestler
  • 1963Sam Mitchell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964Andrea Illy, Italian businessman
  • 1964 – Keanu Reeves, Lebanese-Canadian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1965Lennox Lewis, English-Canadian boxer
  • 1965 – Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian director and screenwriter
  • 1966Dino Cazares, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Massimo Cuttitta, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1966 – Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress, director, and producer
  • 1966 – Olivier Panis, French racing driver[18]
  • 1966 – Tuc Watkins, American actor
  • 1967Frank Fontsere, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1967 – Andreas Möller, German footballer and manager
  • 1968Cynthia Watros, American actress
  • 1969K-Ci, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Stéphane Matteau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian skier
  • 1971 – Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor politician
  • 1971 – Tommy Maddox, American football player and coach
  • 1971 – César Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1971 – Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist
  • 1971 – Katt Williams, American comedian and actor
  • 1972Robert Coles, English golfer
  • 1973Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer
  • 1973 – Jason Blake, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Indika de Saram, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1973 – Sudeep, Indian actor, filmmaker and television presenter
  • 1974Steven Johnson, Australian race car driver
  • 1975Jill Janus, American singer (d. 2018)
  • 1975 – MC Chris, American rapper, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1976Syleena Johnson, American R&B and soul singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1976 – Aziz Zakari, Ghanaian sprinter
  • 1977Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer
  • 1979Tomer Ben Yosef, Israeli footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Westbrook, American football player
  • 1980Dany Sabourin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Danny Shittu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1980 – Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1981Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Jennifer Hopkins, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Chris Tremlett, English cricketer
  • 1982Joey Barton, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jason Hammel, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mark Phillips, English footballer
  • 1983Rich Boy, American rapper and producer
  • 1983 – Mark Foster, English rugby player
  • 1984Jack Peñate, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1985Keith Galloway, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986Gélson Fernandes, Swiss footballer
  • 1986 – Kyle Hines, American basketball player
  • 1987Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancer
  • 1988Ibrahim Šehić, Bosnian footballer
  • 1988 – Keisuke Kato, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1988 – Javi Martínez, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Ishant Sharma, Indian cricketer
  • 1988 – Ishmeet Singh, Indian singer (d. 2008)
  • 1989Marcus Morris, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Zedd, Russian-German record producer, DJ, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter
  • 1989 – Markieff Morris, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
  • 1990Marcus Ericsson, Swedish race car driver
  • 1990 – Shayla Worley, American gymnast
  • 1991Gyasi Zardes, American footballer
  • 1992Xenia Knoll, Swiss tennis player
  • 1992 – Sam Lasseter, animator and filmmaker
  • 1992 – Nenad Lukić, Serbian footballer
  • 1992 – Alberto Masi, Italian footballer
  • 1993Tom Anderson, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zaza Nadiradze, Georgian sprint canoeist[19]
  • 1993 – Robert Rooba, Estonian ice hockey player
  • 1994Kishen Velani, English cricketer
  • 1995İbrahim Demir, Turkish footballer
  • 1995 – Deimantas Petravičius, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1995 – Willy Adames, Dominican baseball player

Deaths

  • 421Constantius III, Roman emperor
  • 459Simeon Stylites, Byzantine saint (b. 390)
  • 595John IV of Constantinople
  • 1022Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, king of Mide and High King of Ireland
  • 1031Saint Emeric of Hungary (b. 1000)
  • 1083 – King Munjong of Goryeo (b. 1019)
  • 1274Prince Munetaka, Japanese shōgun (b. 1242)
  • 1397Francesco Landini, Italian composer
  • 1540Dawit II of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
  • 1606Karel van Mander, Dutch painter and poet (b. 1548)
  • 1651Kosem Sultan, Ottoman Valide Sultan and regent (b.1589)
  • 1680Per Brahe the Younger, Swedish soldier and politician, Lord High Steward of Sweden (b. 1602)
  • 1688Sir Robert Vyner, 1st Baronet, English businessman and politician, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • 1690Philip William, Elector Palatine, German Count Palatine of Neuburg (b. 1615)
  • 1764Nathaniel Bliss, English astronomer and mathematician (b. 1700)
  • 1765Henry Bouquet, Swiss-English colonel (b. 1719)
  • 1768Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1703)
  • 1790Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
  • 1813Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (b. 1763)
  • 1820Jiaqing Emperor of China (b. 1760)
  • 1832Franz Xaver von Zach, Hungarian-French astronomer and academic (b. 1754)
  • 1834Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer and architect, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (b. 1757)
  • 1865William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1805)
  • 1872N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish pastor, philosopher, and author (b. 1783)
  • 1877Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral and politician, 16th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1793)
  • 1885Giuseppe Bonavia, Maltese architect (b. 1821)
  • 1898Wilford Woodruff, American religious leader, 4th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • 1910Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
  • 1918John Forrest, Australian politician, 1st Premier of Western Australia (b. 1847)
  • 1921Henry Austin Dobson, English poet and critic (b. 1840)
  • 1922Henry Lawson, Australian poet and author (b. 1867)
  • 1927Umegatani Tōtarō II, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 20th Yokozuna (b. 1878)
  • 1934James Allan, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1860)
  • 1934 – Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist, and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1934 – Alcide Nunez, American clarinet player (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (b. 1884)
  • 1937Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (b. 1863)
  • 1941Lloyd Seay, American race car driver (b. 1919)
  • 1942James Juvenal, American rower (b. 1874)
  • 1943Marsden Hartley, American painter and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1944Bella Rosenfeld, Russian-American model and author (b. 1895)
  • 1945Mason Phelps, American golfer (b. 1885)
  • 1948Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
  • 1953Hendrik Offerhaus, Dutch rower (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
  • 1954Franz Leopold Neumann, German lawyer and political scientist (b. 1900)
  • 1962William Wilkerson, American publisher and businessman (b. 1890)
  • 1964Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist and scholar (b. 1900)
  • 1964 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1887)
  • 1965Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and author (b. 1917)
  • 1969Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam (b. 1890)
  • 1971Robert Mensah, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 1973Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – J. R. R. Tolkien, English novelist, short story writer, poet, and philologist (b. 1892)
  • 1975Mabel Vernon, American activist (b. 1883)
  • 1976Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1934)
  • 1977Stephen Dunne, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1978Fred G. Meyer, American businessman, founded Fred Meyer (b. 1886)
  • 1979Otto P. Weyland, American general (b. 1903)
  • 1983Feri Cansel, Turkish-Cypriot actress (b. 1944)
  • 1984Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (b. 1908)
  • 1985M. Alalasundaram, Sri Lankan Tamil teacher and politician
  • 1985 – Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – V. Dharmalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 1987Brian Clay, Australian rugby league player (b. 1935)
  • 1990Robert Holmes à Court, South African-Australian businessman and lawyer (b. 1937)
  • 1991Alfonso García Robles, Mexican politician and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1992Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and botanist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1996Paddy Clift, Zimbabwean cricketer (b. 1953)
  • 1997Rudolf Bing, Austrian-American manager (b. 1902)
  • 1997 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)
  • 1998Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Allen Drury, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 2000Elvera Sanchez, American dancer (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Curt Siodmak, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 2001Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2002Dick Reynolds, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2004Joan Oró, Catalan biochemist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2005Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006Bob Mathias, American decathlete and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Willi Ninja, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1961)
  • 2006 – Dewey Redman, American saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 2007Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer, created TransAmerica (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1924)
  • 2008Bill Melendez, Mexican-American animator, director, producer, and voice actor (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Alan Waddell, Australian walker
  • 2009Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (b. 1949)
  • 2011Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
  • 2011 – Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean television presenter (b. 1966)
  • 2012Mark Abrahamian, American guitarist (b. 1966)
  • 2012 – Jack Boucher, American photographer and director (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – John C. Marshall, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Emmanuel Nunes, Portuguese-French composer and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2013Valérie Benguigui, French actress and director (b. 1965)
  • 2013 – Terry Clawson, English rugby player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Ronald Coase, English-American economist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 2013 – David Jacobs, English radio and television host (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Frederik Pohl, American author and publisher (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician, 2nd Governor-General of Grenada (b. 1935)
  • 2014Peter Carter, Nigerian-English diplomat, British Ambassador to Estonia (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, American lawyer and politician, 20th District Attorney of Philadelphia (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Norman Gordon, South African cricketer (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – Helena Rakoczy, Polish gymnast (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Goolam Essaji Vahanvati, Indian lawyer and politician, 13th Attorney General of India (b. 1949)
  • 2015Ephraim Engleman, American rheumatologist, author, and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2016Islam Karimov, Uzbek politician, 1st President of Uzbekistan (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Agricola of Avignon
    • Antoninus of Pamiers
    • Brocard
    • Castor of Apt
    • Diomedes
    • Eleazar
    • Hieu
    • Ingrid of Sweden
    • Justus of Lyon
    • Margaret of Louvain
    • Maxima of Rome
    • Nonnosus
    • William of Roskilde
    • September 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Democracy Day (Tibet)
  • Independence Day (Transnistria, unrecognized)
  • Independence Day (Artsakh, unrecognized)
  • National Blueberry Popsicle Day (United States)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Vietnam from Japan and France in 1945
  • Victory over Japan Day (United States)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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