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Events

  • AD 96Nerva is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.[1]
  • 324Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.[2]
  • 1048Battle of Kapetron between a combined Byzantine-Georgian army and a Seljuq army.[3]
  • 1066 – Norwegian king Harald Hardrada lands with Tostig Godwinson at the mouth of the Humber River and begins his invasion of England.[4]
  • 1180Philip Augustus becomes king of France at the age of fifteen.[5]
  • 1454Thirteen Years' War: In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic knights.
  • 1618 – The twelfth baktun in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar begins.
  • 1714George I arrives in Great Britain after becoming king on August 1.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, whereby Austria cedes lands south of the Sava and Danube rivers to the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1759French and Indian War: The Articles of Capitulation of Quebec are signed.
  • 1793 – The first cornerstone of the United States Capitol is laid by George Washington.
  • 1809 – The Royal Opera House in London opens.
  • 1810First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only during the Peninsular War in Spain, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.
  • 1812The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.
  • 1837Tiffany & Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".
  • 1838 – The Anti-Corn Law League is established by Richard Cobden.
  • 1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
  • 1851 – First publication of The New-York Daily Times, which later becomes The New York Times.
  • 1862 – The Confederate States celebrate for the first and only time a Thanksgiving Day.[6]
  • 1864American Civil War: John Bell Hood begins the Franklin–Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw William Tecumseh Sherman back out of Georgia.[7]
  • 1870Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn.
  • 1872 – King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.
  • 1873 – The bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, contributing to the Panic of 1873.
  • 1879 – The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.[8]
  • 1882 – The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
  • 1895 – The Atlanta Exposition Speech on race relations is delivered by Booker T. Washington.
  • 1898 – The Fashoda Incident triggers the last war scare between Britain and France.
  • 1906 – The 1906 Hong Kong typhoon kills an estimated 10,000 people.
  • 1911 – Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House.
  • 1914 – The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
  • 1919 – The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.
  • 1919 – Fritz Pollard becomes the first African American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
  • 1922 – The Kingdom of Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations.
  • 1927 – The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
  • 1928Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.
  • 1931 – The Mukden Incident gives Japan a pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
  • 1934 – The Soviet Union is admitted to the League of Nations.
  • 1939World War II: The Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.
  • 1939 – World War II: The radio show Germany Calling begins transmitting Nazi propaganda.
  • 1940 – World War II: The British liner Template:SS is sunk by German submarine U-48; those killed include 77 child refugees.
  • 1943 – World War II: Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.
  • 1944 – World War II: The British submarine Template:HMS torpedoes Jun'yō Maru, killing 5,600, mostly slave labourers and POWs.
  • 1944 - World War II:Battle of Arracourt begins[9]
  • 1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
  • 1947 – The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States by the National Security Act. It also establishes the Air Force as an equal partner of the Army and Navy.
  • 1948Operation Polo is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of the army of Hyderabad.
  • 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term.
  • 1959Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.
  • 1960Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
  • 1961 – U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in an air crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1961 – CONCACAF is established as the governing body for association football in North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
  • 1962Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1973The Bahamas, East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1974Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
  • 1977Voyager I takes the first distant photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
  • 1980Soyuz 38 carries two cosmonauts (including one Cuban) to the Salyut 6 space station.
  • 1981 – The Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
  • 1982 – The Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon comes to an end.
  • 1984Joe Kittinger completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
  • 1988 – The 8888 Uprising in Myanmar comes to an end.
  • 1990Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1992 – An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers in Yellowknife, Canada.
  • 1997 – United States media magnate Ted Turner donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.
  • 1997 – The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention is adopted.
  • 2001 – First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
  • 2007 – Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.
  • 2011 – The 2011 Sikkim earthquake is felt across northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and southern Tibet.
  • 2012Greater Manchester Police officers PC Nicola Hughes and PC Fiona Bone are murdered in a gun and grenade ambush attack in Greater Manchester, England.
  • 2014 – Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom, by 55% to 45%.
  • 2015 – Two security personnel, 17 worshippers in a mosque, and 13 militants are killed during a Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan attack on a Pakistan Air Force base on the outskirts of Peshawar.
  • 2016 – The 2016 Uri attack in Jammu and Kashmir, India by terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed results in the deaths of nineteen Indian Army soldiers and all four attackers.

Births

  • AD 53Trajan, Roman emperor (d. 117)[10]
  • 524Kan B'alam I, ruler of Palenque (d. 583)
  • 1091Andronikos Komnenos, Byzantine prince and general (d. 1130/31)
  • 1344Marie of France, Duchess of Bar (d. 1404)
  • 1434Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1467)
  • 1501Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford (d. 1563)
  • 1554Haydar Mirza Safavi, Safavid prince (d. 1576)
  • 1587Francesca Caccini, Italian singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1640)[11]
  • 1606Zhang Xianzhong, Chinese rebel leader (d. 1647)
  • 1643Gilbert Burnet, Scottish bishop, historian, and theologian (d. 1715)[12]
  • 1676Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
  • 1684Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (d. 1748)
  • 1709Samuel Johnson, English lexicographer and poet (d. 1784)[13]
  • 1711Ignaz Holzbauer, Austrian composer and educator (d. 1783)
  • 1733George Read, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Delaware (d. 1798)
  • 1750Tomás de Iriarte y Oropesa, Spanish poet and playwright (d. 1791)[14]
  • 1752Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1833)[15]
  • 1765Pope Gregory XVI (d. 1846)
  • 1779Joseph Story, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1845)
  • 1786Christian VIII of Denmark (d. 1848)[16]
  • 1786 – Justinus Kerner, German poet and author (d. 1862)
  • 1812Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Georgia (d. 1880)
  • 1819Léon Foucault, French physicist and academic (d. 1868)[17]
  • 1837Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese archbishop (d. 1880)
  • 1838Anton Mauve, Dutch painter and educator (d. 1888)[18]
  • 1846Richard With, Norwegian captain, businessman, and politician, founded Vesteraalens Dampskibsselskab (d. 1930)
  • 1848Francis Grierson, English-American pianist and composer (d. 1927)
  • 1857John Hessin Clarke, American lawyer and judge (d. 1945)
  • 1858Kate Booth, English Salvation Army officer (d. 1955)
  • 1859John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1859 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American businessman and politician (d. 1940)
  • 1860Alberto Franchetti, Italian-American composer and educator (d. 1942)
  • 1870Clark Wissler, American anthropologist, author, and educator (d. 1947)
  • 1872Carl Friedberg, German-Italian pianist and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1872 – Adolf Schmal, Austrian fencer and cyclist (d. 1919)
  • 1875Tomás Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • 1876James Scullin, Australian journalist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1878James O. Richardson, American admiral (d. 1974)
  • 1883Gerald Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners, English composer, painter, and author (d. 1950)
  • 1885Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Azerbaijani composer, conductor, and playwright (d. 1948)
  • 1888Grey Owl, English-Canadian environmentalist and author (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Toni Wolff, Swiss psychologist and author (d. 1953)
  • 1889Doris Blackburn, Australian activist and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 – Leslie Morshead, Australian general, businessman, and educator (d. 1959)
  • 1891Rafael Pérez y Pérez, Spanish author (d. 1984)
  • 1893Arthur Benjamin, Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – William March, American soldier and author (d. 1954)
  • 1894Fay Compton, English actress (d. 1978)[19]
  • 1895Jean Batmale, French footballer and manager (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – John Diefenbaker, Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Walter Koch, German astrologer and author (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2009)
  • 1897Pablo Sorozábal, Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1988)
  • 1900Willis Laurence James, American violinist and educator (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, Mauritian philanthropist and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Mauritius (d. 1985)
  • 1901Harold Clurman, American director and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1904Bun Cook, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Jose de Rivera, American soldier and sculptor (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Education (d. 1999)[20]
  • 1905Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Agnes de Mille, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Greta Garbo, Swedish-American actress (d. 1990)[21]
  • 1906Kaka Hathrasi, Indian poet and author (d. 1995)[22]
  • 1906 – Maurice Maillot, French actor (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Julio Rosales, Filipino cardinal (d. 1983)[23]
  • 1907Leon Askin, Austrian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Edwin McMillan, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1908Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1910Joseph F. Enright, American captain (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Bernard Kangro, Estonian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Josef Tal, Israeli pianist and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1911Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, Irish ufologist and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1912María de la Cruz, Chilean journalist and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1914Jack Cardiff, English director, cinematographer, and photographer (d. 2009)[24]
  • 1916Frank Bell, English soldier and educator (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Rossano Brazzi, Italian actor (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – John Jacob Rhodes, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1917June Foray, American actress and voice artist (d. 2017)
  • 1917 – Phil Taylor, English footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Francis Parker Yockey, American lawyer and philosopher (d. 1960)[25]
  • 1918Johnny Mantz, American race car driver (d. 1972)
  • 1919Tommy Hunter, American fiddler (d. 1993)
  • 1920Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1922Grayson Hall, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Ray Steadman-Allen, English composer (d. 2014)
  • 1923Queen Anne of Romania (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Peter Smithson, English architect, co-designed Robin Hood Gardens (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Bertha Wilson, Scottish-Canadian lawyer and jurist, 60th Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1924J. D. Tippit, American police officer (d. 1963)
  • 1924 – Eloísa Mafalda, Brazilian actress (d. 2018)
  • 1925Harvey Haddix, American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Dorothy Wedderburn, English economist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1926Bud Greenspan, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Joe Kubert, American author and illustrator, founded The Kubert School (d. 2012)[26]
  • 1927Phyllis Kirk, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Muriel Turner, Baroness Turner of Camden, English politician (d. 2018)
  • 1929Teddi King, American singer (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Nancy Littlefield, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1930John Tolos, Greek-Canadian wrestler (d. 2009)
  • 1931Julio Grondona, Argentinian businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1932Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut (d. 2002)
  • 1933Bob Bennett, American soldier and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Robert Blake, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1933 – Mark di Suvero, Italian-American sculptor
  • 1933 – Leonid Kharitonov, Russian actor and singer
  • 1933 – Christopher Ricks, English scholar and critic
  • 1933 – Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1933 – Fred Willard, American actor and comedian (d. 2020)[27]
  • 1935Peter Clarke, English cartoonist (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – John Spencer, English snooker player and sportscaster (d. 2006)
  • 1936Big Tom, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018)
  • 1937Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1937 – Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, South African politician (d. 2009)[28]
  • 1938Billy Robinson, English-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2014)
  • 1939Gerry Harvey, Australian businessman, co-founded Harvey Norman
  • 1939 – Jorge Sampaio, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 18th President of Portugal
  • 1939 – Jan Camiel Willems, Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 2013)
  • 1940Frankie Avalon, American singer and actor
  • 1942Şenes Erzik, Turkish businessman
  • 1944Michael Franks, American singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Charles L. Veach, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1945P. F. Sloan, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – John McAfee, Scottish-American computer programmer, founded McAfee
  • 1946Benjamín Brea, Spanish-Venezuelan saxophonist, clarinet player, and conductor (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Nicholas Clay, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Kelvin Coe, Australian ballet dancer (d. 1992)
  • 1946 – Meredith Oakes, Australian-English playwright, translator, and educator
  • 1946 – Gailard Sartain, American actor[29]
  • 1947Russ Abbot, English comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1947 – Drew Gilpin Faust, American historian and academic
  • 1947 – Giancarlo Minardi, Italian businessman, founded the Minardi Racing Team
  • 1948Lynn Abbey, American computer programmer and author
  • 1949Kerry Livgren, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1949 – Jim McCrery, American lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – Mo Mowlam, English academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Peter Shilton, English footballer and manager
  • 1950Siobhan Davies, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1950 – Vishnuvardhan, Indian actor (d. 2009)
  • 1950 – Chris Heister, Swedish politician, Governor of Stockholm County
  • 1950 – Darryl Sittler, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Anna Deavere Smith, American actress and playwright
  • 1951Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon, author, and politician
  • 1951 – Dee Dee Ramone, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2002)
  • 1951 – Tony Scott, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951 – Darryl Stingley, American football player and scout (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Marc Surer, Swiss racing driver and sportscaster
  • 1952Giorgos Dimitrakopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1952 – Rick Pitino, American basketball player and coach
  • 1953Carl Jackson, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – John McGlinn, American conductor and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1954Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Takao Doi, Japanese engineer and astronaut
  • 1954 – Dennis Johnson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1954 – Steven Pinker, Canadian-American psychologist, linguist, and author
  • 1954 – Tommy Tuberville, American football player and coach
  • 1955Paul Butler, English bishop
  • 1955 – Keith Morris, American singer-songwriter
  • 1956Chris Hedges, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Peter Šťastný, Slovak ice hockey player and politician
  • 1958John Aldridge, English-Irish footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Winston Davis, Vincentian cricketer
  • 1958 – Malcolm Press, English ecologist and academic
  • 1958 – Derek Pringle, Kenyan-English cricketer and journalist
  • 1959Ian Arkwright, English footballer
  • 1959 – Mark Romanek, American director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1960Stephen Flaherty, American composer
  • 1960 – Carolyn Harris, British politician
  • 1960 – Ian Lucas, English lawyer and politician
  • 1960 – Blue Panther, Mexican wrestler
  • 1961James Gandolfini, American actor and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1961 – Konstantin Kakanias, Greek-American painter and illustrator
  • 1961 – Mark Olson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962Joanne Catherall, English singer
  • 1962 – John Fashanu, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – John Mann, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2019)
  • 1962 – Aden Ridgeway, Australian public servant and politician
  • 1962 – Boris Said, American race car driver
  • 1963Jim Pocklington, English racing driver
  • 1963 – John Powell, English-Canadian composer and conductor
  • 1963 – Dan Povenmire, American animator
  • 1964Jens Henschel, German footballer
  • 1964 – Marco Masini, Italian singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Holly Robinson Peete, American actress and singer
  • 1966Tom Chorske, American ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1967Tara Fitzgerald, English actress
  • 1968Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player
  • 1968 – Upendra Rao, Indian actor, director, and politician
  • 1969Brad Beven, Australian triathlete
  • 1969 – Cappadonna, American rapper
  • 1970Mike Compton, American football player and coach
  • 1970 – Dan Eldon, English photographer and journalist (d. 1993)
  • 1970 – Darren Gough, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Aisha Tyler, American actress, television host, and author
  • 1971Lance Armstrong, American cyclist and activist, founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation
  • 1971 – Anna Netrebko, Russian-Austrian soprano and actress
  • 1971 – Jada Pinkett Smith, American actress
  • 1972Brigitte Becue, Belgian swimmer
  • 1972 – Adam Cohen, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – David Jefferies, English motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1972 – Iain Stewart, Scottish accountant and politician
  • 1973Paul Brousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Mário Jardel, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – James Marsden, American actor
  • 1973 – Ami Onuki, Japanese singer and voice actress
  • 1973 – Louise Sauvage, Australian wheelchair racer[30]
  • 1973 – Mark Shuttleworth, South African-English businessman[31]
  • 1973 – Aitor Karanka, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1974Sol Campbell, English footballer and politician
  • 1974 – Andrew Hansen, Australian comedian, singer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Damon Jones, American football player and coach
  • 1974 – Ticha Penicheiro, Portuguese basketball player
  • 1974 – Xzibit, American rapper, actor, and television host
  • 1975Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Belarusian target shooter
  • 1975 – Jason Sudeikis, American actor and comedian
  • 1975 – Guillermo Vargas, Costa Rican photographer and painter
  • 1976Gabriel Gervais, Canadian soccer player
  • 1976 – Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977Kieran West, English rower
  • 1978Iain Lees-Galloway, New Zealand politician
  • 1978 – Ryan Lowe, English footballer
  • 1978 – Augustine Simo, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1979Daniel Aranzubia, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Robert Pruett, American criminal
  • 1980Mickey Higham, English rugby league player
  • 1980 – Avi Strool, Israeli footballer
  • 1980 – Petri Virtanen, Finnish basketball player
  • 1981Lucy Aharish, Israeli journalist and actress
  • 1981 – Sebastián Decoud, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1981 – Jennifer Tisdale, American actress and singer
  • 1981 – Kristaps Valters, Latvian basketball player[32]
  • 1981 – Han Ye-seul, South Korean actress
  • 1982Alessandro Cibocchi, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Arvydas Eitutavičius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1982 – Leono, Mexican wrestler
  • 1982 – Alfredo Talavera, Mexican footballer
  • 1983Kevin Doyle, Irish footballer
  • 1983 – Giulio Scandella, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984Anthony Gonzalez, American football player and politician[33]
  • 1984 – Dizzee Rascal, British hip hop musician[34]
  • 1989Serge Ibaka, Congolese-Spanish basketball player
  • 1990Lewis Holtby, German footballer
  • 1992Edrick Lee, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995Max Meyer, German footballer
  • 1998Christian Pulisic, American soccer player[35]
  • 2003Ana Galindo, Mexican rhythmic gymnast[36]

Deaths

  • 96Domitian, Roman emperor (b. AD 51)
  • 411Constantine III, Roman usurper
  • 869Wenilo, Frankish archbishop
  • 887Pietro I Candiano, doge of Venice (b. 842)
  • 893Zhang Xiong, Chinese warlord
  • 958Liu Sheng, Chinese emperor (b. 920)
  • 1137Eric II, king of Denmark
  • 1180Louis VII, king of France (b. 1120)
  • 1261Konrad von Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne
  • 1302Eudokia Palaiologina, empress of Trebizond (b. c. 1265)
  • 1345Andrew, Duke of Calabria (b. 1327)
  • 1361Louis V, duke of Bavaria (b. 1315)
  • 1385Balša II, ruler of Zeta
  • 1443Lewis of Luxembourg, archbishop of Rouen
  • 1598Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese daimyō (b. 1536)
  • 1630Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal (b. 1552)
  • 1675Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
  • 1721Matthew Prior, English poet, politician, and diplomat, British Ambassador to France (b. 1664)
  • 1722André Dacier, French scholar and academic (b. 1651)
  • 1783Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1707)
  • 1783 – Benjamin Kennicott, English theologian and scholar (b. 1718)
  • 1792August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German bishop and theologian (b. 1704)
  • 1812Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha, Ottoman politician, 186th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1743)
  • 1830William Hazlitt, English philosopher, painter, and critic (b. 1778)
  • 1857Karol Kurpiński, Polish composer and conductor (b. 1785)
  • 1860Joseph Locke, English engineer and politician (b. 1805)
  • 1872Charles XV of Sweden (b. 1826)
  • 1890Dion Boucicault, Irish-American actor and playwright (b. 1820)
  • 1896Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist and academic (b. 1819)
  • 1905George MacDonald, Scottish minister, author, and poet (b. 1824)
  • 1909Grigore Tocilescu, Romanian archaeologist and historian (b. 1850)
  • 1911Pyotr Stolypin, Russian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1862)
  • 1915Susan La Flesche Picotte, doctor, teacher, and social reformer, first Native American to earn a medical degree
  • 1924F. H. Bradley, English philosopher and author (b. 1846)
  • 1939Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish author, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1941Fred Karno, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1866)
  • 1944Robert G. Cole, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1915)
  • 1949Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1951Gelett Burgess, American author and poet (b. 1866)
  • 1952Frances Alda, New Zealand-Australian soprano and actress (b. 1879)
  • 1953Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (b. 1927)
  • 1956Adélard Godbout, Canadian agronomist and politician, 15th Premier of Quebec (b. 1892)
  • 1958Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1873)
  • 1959Benjamin Péret, French poet and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1961Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish economist and diplomat, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1962Therese Neumann, German mystic (b. 1898)
  • 1964Clive Bell, English philosopher and critic (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Seán O'Casey, Irish dramatist and memoirist (b. 1880)
  • 1967John Cockcroft, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1968Franchot Tone, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1905)
  • 1970Jimi Hendrix, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1942)
  • 1974Amanat Ali Khan, Pakistani classical singer (b. 1922)
  • 1975Fairfield Porter, American painter and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1977Paul Bernays, English-Swiss mathematician and philosopher (b. 1888)
  • 1980Katherine Anne Porter, American short story writer, novelist, and essayist (b. 1890)
  • 1987Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (b. 1894)
  • 1988Alan Watt, Australian public servant and diplomat, Australian Ambassador to Japan (b. 1901)
  • 1992Mohammad Hidayatullah, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 6th Vice President of India (b. 1905)
  • 1997Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (b. 1920)
  • 1998Charlie Foxx, American singer and guitarist (Inez and Charlie Foxx) (b. 1939)
  • 2001Ernie Coombs, American-Canadian television host (b. 1927)
  • 2002Bob Hayes, American sprinter and football player (b. 1942)
  • 2002 – Mauro Ramos, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Margita Stefanović, Serbian keyboard player (b. 1959)
  • 2003Emil Fackenheim, German rabbi and philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bob Mitchell, English educator and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2004Norman Cantor, Canadian-American historian and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Russ Meyer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2005Michael Park, English racing driver (b. 1966)
  • 2005 – Clint C. Wilson, Sr., American cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 2006Edward J. King, American football player, lawyer, and politician, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)
  • 2007Pepsi Tate, Welsh bass player and producer (b. 1965)
  • 2008Leo de Berardinis, Italian actor and director (b. 1940)
  • 2008 – Mauricio Kagel, Argentinian-German composer and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2012Santiago Carrillo, Spanish theorist and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Haim Hefer, Polish-Israeli songwriter and poet (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Jack Kralick, American baseball player (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (b. 1942)
  • 2013Veliyam Bharghavan, Indian politician (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Lindsay Cooper, English bassoon player and composer (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Arthur Lamothe, French-Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Ken Norton, American boxer (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-German author and critic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Richard C. Sarafian, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2014Milan Marcetta, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Earl Ross, Canadian racing driver (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Hirofumi Uzawa, Japanese economist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Kenny Wheeler, Canadian-English trumpet player and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2015Eduardo Bonvallet, Chilean footballer and manager (b. 1955)
  • 2015 – James R. Houck, American astrophysicist and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Mario Benjamín Menéndez, Argentinian general and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Marcin Wrona, Polish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1973)
  • 2017Afzal Ahsan Randhawa, Pakistani writer, poet, translator and playwright (b. 1937)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Constantius (Theban Legion)
    • Edward Bouverie Pusey (Episcopal Church)
    • Eustorgius I
    • Joseph of Cupertino
    • Juan Macias
    • Methodius of Olympus
    • Richardis
    • September 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of National Music (Azerbaijan)
  • Island Language Day (Okinawa Prefecture, Japan)
  • National Day or Dieciocho (Chile)
  • National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness Day (United States)
  • Navy Day (Croatia)
  • World Water Monitoring Day

References

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  7. Welcher, Frank J. The Union Army, 1861–1865 Organization and Operations. Vol. 2, The Western Theater. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. ISBN: 0-253-36454-X, p. 583.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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