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Events

  • 1111 – Highest Galician nobility led by Pedro Fróilaz de Traba and the bishop Diego Gelmírez crown Alfonso VII as "King of Galicia".[1]
  • 1176 – The Battle of Myriokephalon is the last attempt by the Byzantine Empire to recover central Anatolia from the Seljuk Turks.
  • 1382Louis the Great's daughter, Mary, is crowned "king" of Hungary.
  • 1462Thirteen Years' War: A Polish army under Piotr Dunin decisively defeats the Teutonic Order at the Battle of Świecino.
  • 1577 – The Treaty of Bergerac is signed between King Henry III of France and the Huguenots.[2]
  • 1620Polish–Ottoman War: The Ottoman Empire defeats the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Battle of Cecora.
  • 1630 – The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
  • 1631 – Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1658 – The Battle of Vilanova is fought between Portugal and Spain during the Portuguese Restoration War.
  • 1683Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules".
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: The Invasion of Canada begins with the Siege of Fort St. Jean.
  • 1776 – The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 – The Treaty of Fort Pitt is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe.
  • 1787 – The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia.
  • 1793War of the Pyrenees: France defeats a Spanish force at the Battle of Peyrestortes.
  • 1794Flanders Campaign: France completes its conquest of the Austrian Netherlands at the Battle of Sprimont.
  • 1809 – Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War; the territory that will become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1849 – American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.
  • 1859Joshua A. Norton declares himself "Norton I, Emperor of the United States."
  • 1861Argentine Civil Wars: The State of Buenos Aires defeats the Argentine Confederation at the Battle of Pavón.
  • 1862American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
  • 1894Battle of the Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1900Philippine–American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham Jr. at Mabitac.
  • 1901Second Boer War: A Boer column defeats a British force at the Battle of Blood River Poort.
  • 1901 – Second Boer War: Boers capture a squadron of the 17th Lancers at the Battle of Elands River.
  • 1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge, who becomes the first airplane fatality.
  • 1914Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Race to the Sea begins.
  • 1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
  • 1920 – The National Football League is organized as the American Professional Football Association in Canton, Ohio.[3][4]
  • 1924 – The Border Protection Corps is established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
  • 1925Frida Kahlo suffers near-fatal injuries in a bus accident in Mexico, causing her to abandon her medical studies and take up art.
  • 1928 – The Okeechobee hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing more than 2,500 people.
  • 1930 – The Kurdish Ararat rebellion is suppressed by the Turks.
  • 1932 – A speech by Laureano Gómez leads to the escalation of the Leticia Incident.
  • 1935 – The Niagara Gorge Railroad ceases operations after a rockslide.[5]
  • 1939World War II: The Soviet invasion of Poland begins.
  • 1939 – World War II: Template:Ship sinks the British aircraft carrier Template:HMS.
  • 1940 – World War II: Due to setbacks in the Battle of Britain and approaching autumn weather, Hitler postpones Operation Sea Lion.
  • 1941 – World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense restores compulsory military training.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet forces enter Tehran during the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
  • 1944 – World War II: Allied airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet troops launch the Tallinn Offensive against Germany and pro-independence Estonian units.
  • 1944 – World War II: German forces are attacked by the Allies in the Battle of San Marino.
  • 1948 – The Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the United Nations to mediate between the Arab nations and Israel.
  • 1948 – The Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joins the Indian Union.
  • 1949 – The Canadian steamship Template:SS burns in Toronto Harbour with the loss of over 118 lives.
  • 1954 – The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is first published.
  • 1961 – The world's first retractable roof stadium, the Civic Arena, opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • 1965 – The Battle of Chawinda is fought between Pakistan and India.[6]
  • 1974Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations.
  • 1976 – The Space Shuttle Enterprise is unveiled by NASA.
  • 1978 – The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.
  • 1980 – After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established.
  • 1980 – Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.
  • 1983Vanessa Williams becomes the first black Miss America.
  • 1991Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
  • 1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
  • 1992 – An Iranian Kurdish leader and his two joiners are assassinated by political militants in Berlin.
  • 2001 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
  • 2006Fourpeaked Mountain in Alaska erupts, marking the first eruption for the volcano in at least 10,000 years.
  • 2006 – An audio tape of a private speech by Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány is leaked to the public, in which he confessed that his Hungarian Socialist Party had lied to win the 2006 election, sparking widespread protests across the country.
  • 2011Occupy Wall Street movement begins in Zuccotti Park, New York City.
  • 2013Grand Theft Auto V earns more than half a billion dollars on its first day of release.[7]
  • 2016Two bombs explode in Seaside Park, New Jersey, and Manhattan. Thirty-one people are injured in the Manhattan bombing.
  • 2018 – A Russian reconnaissance aircraft carrying 15 people on board is brought down by a Syrian surface-to-air missile over the Mediterranean Sea.[8]

Births

  • 879Charles the Simple, Frankish king (d. 929)[9]
  • 1433James of Portugal, Portuguese prince and cardinal (d. 1459)[10]
  • 1479Celio Calcagnini, Italian astronomer (d. 1541)[11]
  • 1550Paul V, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1621)[12]
  • 1565Edward Fortunatus, German nobleman (d. 1600)[13]
  • 1578John Prideaux, English administrator and bishop (d. 1650)
  • 1605Francesco Sacrati, Italian composer (d. 1650)
  • 1630Ranuccio II Farnese, duke of Parma (d. 1694)
  • 1639Hans Herr, Swiss bishop (d. 1725)[14]
  • 1688Maria Luisa of Savoy, queen consort of Spain (d. 1714)
  • 1730Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American general (d. 1794)
  • 1739John Rutledge, American judge and politician, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)
  • 1743Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and political scientist (d. 1794)
  • 1771Johann August Apel, German jurist and author (d. 1816)[15]
  • 1773Jonathan Alder, American captain and farmer (d. 1849)
  • 1783Nadezhda Durova, Russian soldier (d. 1866)
  • 1797Heinrich Kuhl, German naturalist and zoologist (d. 1821)
  • 1817Herman Adolfovich Trautscohold, German geologist and paleontologist (d. 1902)
  • 1819Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, South African general and politician, 1st President of the South African Republic (d. 1901)[16]
  • 1820Émile Augier, French playwright (d. 1889)
  • 1820 – Earl Van Dorn, Confederate general (d. 1863)
  • 1821Arthur Saint-Léon, French choreographer (d. 1870)
  • 1825Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, American jurist and politician, 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1893)
  • 1826Bernhard Riemann, German-Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1866)
  • 1850Guerra Junqueiro, Portuguese journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 1923)
  • 1853Frederick Corbett, British officer and Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1912)
  • 1854David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-American businessman, founded Buick Motor Company (d. 1929)
  • 1857Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist and engineer (d. 1935)
  • 1859Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist and academic (d. 1942)
  • 1859 – Billy the Kid, American gunman (d. 1881)
  • 1859 – I. L. Patterson, American politician, 18th Governor of Oregon (d. 1929)
  • 1860Mihkel Martna, Estonian journalist and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1864Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Ukrainian writer (d. 1913)
  • 1864 – James Tancred, English admiral (d. 1943)
  • 1865William Murray McPherson, Australian politician, 31st Premier of Victoria (d. 1932)
  • 1867Vera Yevstafievna Popova, Russian chemist (d. 1896)
  • 1868James Alexander Calder, Canadian educator and politician, Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence (d. 1956)
  • 1869Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian political scientist, historian, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1874Walter Murdoch, Australian author and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1878Vincenzo Tommasini, Italian composer (d. 1950)
  • 1879Rube Foster, American baseball player and manager (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian businessman, social activist, and politician (d. 1973)
  • 1881Alfred Carpenter, English admiral, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1955)[17]
  • 1883William Carlos Williams, American poet, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1963)[18]
  • 1884Charles Griffes, American pianist and composer (d. 1920)
  • 1886Anton Irv, Estonian captain (d. 1919)
  • 1897Earl Webb, American baseball player and coach (d. 1965)
  • 1900Hughie Critz, American baseball player (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Lena Frances Edwards, African-American physician, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – J. Willard Marriott, American businessman, founded the Marriott Corporation (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Martha Ostenso, Canadian screenwriter and novelist (d. 1963)
  • 1900 – Hedwig Ross, New Zealand-born educator and political activist, founding member of the Communist Party of New Zealand (d. 1971)
  • 1901Francis Chichester, English pilot and sailor (d. 1972)[19]
  • 1902Bea Miles, Australian author (d. 1973)
  • 1903Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Frank O'Connor, Irish short story writer, novelist, and poet (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Minanogawa Tōzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 34th Yokozuna (d. 1971)
  • 1905Tshekedi Khama, regent of the Bamangwato tribe (d. 1959)
  • 1906J. R. Jayewardene, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (d. 1996)
  • 1906 – Edgar Wayburn, American physician and environmentalist (d. 2010)
  • 1907Warren E. Burger, American lawyer and judge, 15th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1995)
  • 1908John Creasey, English author and politician (d. 1973)[20]
  • 1908 – Rafael Israelyan, Armenian architect and educator, designed the Sardarapat Memorial and St. Vartan Cathedral (d. 1973)
  • 1909Elizabeth Enright, American author and illustrator (d. 1968)
  • 1912Irena Kwiatkowska, Polish actress (d. 2011)
  • 1912 – Maksim Tank, Belarusian poet, journalist, and translator (d. 1995)
  • 1914Thomas J. Bata, Czech-Canadian businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1915M. F. Husain, Indian painter and director (d. 2011)
  • 1916Mary Stewart, English-Scottish author and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1917Ib Melchior, Danish-American author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – Isang Yun, South Korean-German composer and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1918Lea Gottlieb, Hungarian-Israeli fashion designer, founded the Gottex Company (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Chaim Herzog, Irish-born Israeli general and politician, 6th President of Israel (d. 1997)
  • 1920Dinah Sheridan, English actress (d. 2012)
  • 1922Agostinho Neto, Angolan poet and politician, 1st President of Angola (d. 1979)
  • 1923Ralph Sharon, English-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1953)
  • 1925Dorothy Loudon, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1926Bill Black, American bass player and bandleader (d. 1965)
  • 1926 – Curtis Harrington, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Hovie Lister, American minister and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Jean-Marie Lustiger, French cardinal (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Jack McDuff, American singer and organist (d. 2001)
  • 1927George Blanda, American football player (d. 2010)
  • 1928Park Honan, American author and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1929Sil Austin, American saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – David Craig, Baron Craig of Radley, Northern Irish air marshal and politician
  • 1929 – Sir Stirling Moss, English racing driver and sportscaster (d. 2020)
  • 1930David Huddleston, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Theo Loevendie, Dutch clarinet player and composer
  • 1930 – Edgar Mitchell, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Jim Rohn, American philosopher and author (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Thomas P. Stafford, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1931Anne Bancroft, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Jean-Claude Carrière, French actor and screenwriter
  • 1932Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, emir of Qatar (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Robert B. Parker, American author and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Indarjit Singh, Indian-English journalist
  • 1932 – Samuel Ogbemudia, Nigerian army officer and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1933Bulldog Brower, American wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Chuck Grassley, American lawyer and politician
  • 1933 – Claude Provost, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 1984)
  • 1934Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
  • 1935Ken Kesey, American novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2001)
  • 1936Gerald Guralnik, American physicist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Michael Hennagin, American composer and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1937Nigel Boocock, English-Australian motorcycle racer (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – Orlando Cepeda, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1937 – Sitakant Mahapatra, Indian poet and literary critic
  • 1938Paul Benedict, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Perry Robinson, American clarinet player and composer
  • 1938 – Bobby Wine, American baseball player and coach
  • 1939Carl Dennis, American poet and educator
  • 1939 – Shelby Flint, American singer-songwriter and voice actress
  • 1939 – David Souter, American lawyer and jurist
  • 1940Jan Eliasson, Swedish politician and diplomat, 4th Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1940 – Peter Lever, English cricketer
  • 1940 – Gilberto Parlotti, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 1972)
  • 1941Bob Matsui, American lawyer and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1942Robert Graysmith, American author and illustrator
  • 1942 – Des Lynam, Irish-English journalist and author
  • 1942 – Lupe Ontiveros, American actress (d. 2012)
  • 1944Les Emmerson, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountaineer and explorer
  • 1944 – Jean Taylor, American mathematician and academic
  • 1945David Emerson, Canadian economist and politician, 8th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Canada
  • 1945 – Phil Jackson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1945 – Bhakti Charu Swami, Indian religious leader
  • 1946Billy Bonds, English footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Heimar Lenk, Estonian journalist and politician
  • 1947Tessa Jowell, English social worker and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian, critic, and publisher
  • 1947 – Gail Carson Levine, American author
  • 1947 – Jeff MacNelly, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1948Kemal Monteno, Bosnian singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – John Ritter, American actor and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1949Ron Stevens, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1950Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat, India (2001-14) and politician, 14th Prime Minister of India
  • 1950 – Fee Waybill, American singer-songwriter and producer[21]
  • 1951Russell Brown, Scottish politician
  • 1951 – Cassandra Peterson, American actress, television host, and producer
  • 1952Harold Solomon, American tennis player and coach
  • 1953Luís Amado, Portuguese politician, former minister of Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1953 – Tamasin Day-Lewis, English chef and author
  • 1953 – Altaf Hussain, Pakistani-English soldier and politician
  • 1953 – Rita Rudner, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
  • 1954Joël-François Durand, French pianist and composer
  • 1954 – Bill Irwin, American wrestler
  • 1955Scott Simpson, American golfer
  • 1955 – Charles Martinet, American actor
  • 1955 – Mike Parson, American politician, 57th Governor of Missouri
  • 1956Almazbek Atambayev, Kyrgyz politician, 4th President of Kyrgyzstan
  • 1956 – Thad Bosley, American baseball player and coach
  • 1956 – Mandawuy Yunupingu, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1957David Bintley, English ballet dancer and director
  • 1957 – Steve Bryles, American businessman and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1958Janez Janša, Slovenian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Slovenia
  • 1958 – Tom Waddell, Scottish-American baseball player
  • 1960John Bottomley, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1960 – John Franco, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Damon Hill, English racing driver and guitarist
  • 1960 – Alan Krueger, American economist and academic
  • 1961Jim Cornette, American wrestling manager and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Giorgos Koumoutsakos, Greek politician
  • 1961 – Ty Tabor, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist (King's X)
  • 1962Baz Luhrmann, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Hesham Qandil, Egyptian engineer and politician, 51st Prime Minister of Egypt
  • 1962 – Wayne Riley, Australian golfer
  • 1962 – BeBe Winans, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1963Masahiro Chono, American-Japanese wrestler and manager
  • 1963 – James Urbaniak, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965Kyle Chandler, American actor
  • 1965 – Yuji Naka, Japanese video game designer, created Sonic the Hedgehog
  • 1965 – Guy Picciotto, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Bryan Singer, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Doug E. Fresh, American rapper and producer
  • 1967Michael Carbajal, American boxer
  • 1968Cheryl Strayed, American author
  • 1968 – Tito Vilanova, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1969Adam Devlin, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1969 – Ken Doherty, Irish snooker player[22]
  • 1969 – Keith Flint, English singer-songwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1969 – Paul Varelans, American MMA fighter and wrestler
  • 1971Nate Berkus, American interior designer and television host
  • 1971 – Mike Catt, South African-English rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Andy Edwards, English footballer
  • 1971 – Mauro Milanese, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1973Diego Albanese, Argentine rugby player
  • 1973 – Demis Nikolaidis, Greek footballer
  • 1974Tormod Granheim, Norwegian skier and explorer
  • 1974 – Craig Spence, Australian golfer
  • 1974 – Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975Wilko de Vogt, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Pumpkinhead, American rapper (d. 2015)
  • 1977Sam Esmail, American screenwriter
  • 1977 – Simone Perrotta, Italian footballer
  • 1979Steffen Algreen, Danish footballer
  • 1979 – Akin Ayodele, American football player
  • 1979 – Flo Rida, American rapper
  • 1980Dan Haren, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Shabana Mahmood, English lawyer and politician, Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • 1980 – Oliver Risser, Namibian footballer
  • 1981Casey Janssen, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Bakari Koné, Ivorian footballer
  • 1981 – Francis Manioru, Solomon sprinter
  • 1982Garth Murray, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984Domenico Citro, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Mary DeScenza, American swimmer
  • 1984 – John Kucera, Canadian skier
  • 1984 – Patrick van Luijk, Dutch sprinter
  • 1985Tomáš Berdych, Czech tennis player
  • 1985 – Brendan Clarke, Irish footballer
  • 1985 – José Gonçalves, Portuguese footballer
  • 1985 – Brendan Oake, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Alexander Ovechkin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Mason Raymond, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986Ravichandran Ashwin, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Paolo De Ceglie, Italian footballer
  • 1986 – Yussef Suleiman, Syrian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1987Paul Huntington, English footballer
  • 1989Kate Deines, American soccer player
  • 1990Sean Scannell, English footballer
  • 1990 – Pixie Geldof, English model and singer
  • 1991Ryo Ishikawa, Japanese golfer
  • 1991 – Justyna Jegiołka, Polish tennis player
  • 1991 – Cameron King, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993Sofiane Boufal, Moroccan footballer[23]
  • 1993 – Sophie Howard, Scottish footballer[24]
  • 1997Auston Matthews, American ice hockey player[25]

Deaths

  • 456Remistus, Roman general
  • 936Unni, archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen
  • 958Li Jingsui, Chinese prince (b. 920)
  • 1025Hugh Magnus, king of France (b. 1007)
  • 1148Conan III, duke of Brittany (b. 1070)
  • 1179Hildegard of Bingen, German abbess (b. 1098)
  • 1322Robert III, count of Flanders (b. 1249)
  • 1415Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (b. 1367)
  • 1422Constantine II, tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1482William III, duke of Luxembourg (b. 1425)
  • 1563Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, English soldier (b. 1526)
  • 1574Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer, founded St. Augustine, Florida (b. 1519)
  • 1575Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss theologian and reformer (b. 1504)
  • 1609Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Bohemian rabbi, mystic and philosopher (b. 1520)
  • 1621Robert Bellarmine, Italian cardinal and saint (b. 1542)
  • 1626Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg, German cleric and politician, Archbishop-Elector of Mainz (b. 1553)
  • 1630Thomas Lake, English politician, English Secretary of State (b. 1567)
  • 1637Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton, English-Scottish peer
  • 1665Philip IV, king of Spain (b. 1605)
  • 1676Sabbatai Zevi, Turkish rabbi and scholar (b. 1626)
  • 1679John of Austria the Younger, Spanish general and politician, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (b. 1629)
  • 1721Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, French princess (b. 1645)[26]
  • 1762Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1687)
  • 1771Tobias Smollett, Scottish-Italian author and poet (b. 1721)
  • 1803Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Austrian composer and director (b. 1766)
  • 1808Benjamin Bourne, American judge and politician (b. 1755)
  • 1817Jacques Bernard d'Anselme, French general (b. 1740)
  • 1836Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist and author (b. 1748)
  • 1852Francisco Javier Echeverría, Mexican businessman and politician. President (1841) (b. 1797)[27]
  • 1858Dred Scott, American slave (b. 1795)
  • 1863Charles Robert Cockerell, English archaeologist and architect (b. 1788)
  • 1863 – Alfred de Vigny, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1797)
  • 1864Walter Savage Landor, English author and poet (b. 1775)
  • 1868Roman Nose, Native American warrior (b. circa 1823)
  • 1877Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer, developed the Calotype Process (b. 1800)
  • 1878Orélie-Antoine de Tounens, French lawyer and adventurer (b. 1825)
  • 1879Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect and theorist (b. 1814)
  • 1894Deng Shichang, Chinese captain (b. 1849)
  • 1899Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American businessman, co-founded the Pillsbury Company (b. 1842)
  • 1907Ignaz Brüll, Czech-Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1846)
  • 1907 – Edmonia Lewis, American sculptor (b. 1844)[28]
  • 1908Henri Julien, Canadian cartoonist (b. 1852)
  • 1908 – Thomas Selfridge, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1882)
  • 1909Thomas Bent, Australian businessman and politician, 22nd Premier of Victoria (b. 1838)
  • 1911Edmonia Lewis, American sculptor (b. 1844)
  • 1923Stefanos Dragoumis, Greek judge and politician, 92nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1842)
  • 1925Carl Eytel, German-American painter and illustrator (b. 1862)
  • 1933Joseph De Piro, Maltese priest and missionary (b. 1877)
  • 1936Ettie Annie Rout, New Zealand author and activist (b. 1877)
  • 1937Walter Dubislav, German logician and philosopher of science, Vienna circle member (b. 1895)
  • 1938Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet and author (b. 1901)
  • 1943Friedrich Zickwolff, German general (b. 1893)
  • 1948Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1887)
  • 1948 – Folke Bernadotte, Swedish soldier and diplomat (b. 1895)
  • 1951Jimmy Yancey, American pianist and composer (b. 1898)
  • 1953David Munson, American runner (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Hans Feige, German general (Wehrmacht) (b. 1880)
  • 1961Adnan Menderes, Turkish lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1899)
  • 1965Alejandro Casona, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1966Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor and actor (b. 1930)
  • 1971Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian captain (b. 1937)
  • 1972Akim Tamiroff, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1973Hugo Winterhalter, American bandleader and composer (b. 1909)
  • 1975Nicola Moscona, Greek-American singer-songwriter (b. 1907)
  • 1980Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan commander and politician, 73rd President of Nicaragua (b. 1925)
  • 1982Manos Loïzos, Egyptian-Greek composer (b. 1937)
  • 1983Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Portuguese-American cardinal (b. 1915)
  • 1984Richard Basehart, American actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1985Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (b. 1925)
  • 1987Harry Locke, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991Zino Francescatti, French violinist and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1992Roger Wagner, American conductor and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1993Willie Mosconi, American pool player and actor (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Christian Nyby, American director and producer (b. 1913)
  • 1994John Delafose, American accordion player (b. 1939)
  • 1994 – Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Karl Popper, Austrian-English philosopher and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1995Isadore Epstein, Estonian-American astronomer and academic (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Lucien Victor, Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)
  • 1996Spiro Agnew, American soldier and politician, 39th Vice President of the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1997Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1998Ted Binion, American poker player and businessman (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Geoffrey Dutton, Australian historian and author (b. 1922)
  • 1999Frankie Vaughan, English singer and actor (b. 1928)
  • 2000Georgiy Gongadze, Georgian-Ukrainian journalist and director (b. 1969)
  • 2003Erich Hallhuber, German actor (b. 1951)
  • 2005Jacques Lacarrière, French journalist and critic (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Alfred Reed, American composer and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2009Dick Durock, American stuntman and actor (b. 1937)
  • 2009 – Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2011Colin Madigan, Australian architect and author, designed the National Gallery of Australia (b. 1921)
  • 2012Melvin Charney, Canadian sculptor and architect (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Lou Kenton, English soldier and potter (b. 1908)
  • 2012 – Russell E. Train, American soldier and civil servant (b. 1920)
  • 2013Kristian Gidlund, Swedish drummer and journalist (b. 1983)
  • 2013 – Larry Lake, American-Canadian trumpet player and composer (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Bernie McGann, Australian saxophonist and composer (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Alex Naumik, Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Michael J. Noonan, Irish farmer and politician, 25th Irish Minister of Defence (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Marvin Rainwater, American singer-songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Eiji Toyoda, Japanese businessman (b. 1913)
  • 2014George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Andriy Husin, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1972)
  • 2014 – Wakachichibu Komei, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Charles Read, Australian air marshal (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Peter von Bagh, Finnish historian, director, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – China Zorrilla, Uruguayan actress (b. 1922)
  • 2015Ingrīda Andriņa, Latvian actress (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Dettmar Cramer, German footballer and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Vadim Kuzmin, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – David Willcocks, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1919)
  • 2016Bahman Golbarnezhad, Iranian racing cyclist (b. 1968)
  • 2016 – Sigge Parling, Swedish footballer (b. 1936)
  • 2017Bobby Heenan, American professional wrestling manager (b. 1944)[29]
  • 2019Cokie Roberts, American journalist and bestselling author (b. 1943)[30]

Holidays and observances

  • Australian Citizenship Day
  • Batman Day, an annual observance begun by DC Comics on September 17, 2013[31][32][33]
  • Christian feast day:
    • Albert of Vercelli
    • Ariadne of Phrygia
    • Blessed Cecilia Eusepi
    • Stanislaus Papczyński
    • Hildegard of Bingen
    • Lambert
    • Robert Bellarmine
    • Satyrus of Milan
    • Socrates and Stephen
    • Zygmunt Szczęsny Feliński
    • September 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day, observed on the previous Friday if it falls on a Saturday, the following Monday if on a Sunday; and the beginning of the Constitution Week (United States)
  • Heroes' Day (Angola)[34]
  • Marathwada Liberation Day (Maharashtra)
  • Operation Market Garden Anniversary is still remembered with parachuting and dedications on this day. (Netherlands)
  • Teachers' Day (Honduras)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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