Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".September 11 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 111 days remain until the end of the year.

Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars. These leap days occur in the years immediately before leap years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. In all common years of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars, September 11 is New Year's Day.

Since 2001, the date has been widely known for the terrorist attacks that occurred in the United States and were named after it. The date is also lesser known for the date of a 1973 Chilean coup d'état, that overthrew the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende and would lock Chile in a 17-year dictatorship, which left around 3,000 people dead or missing.

Events

  • 9Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends, where the Roman Empire suffers the greatest defeat of its history and the Rhine being established as the border between the Empire and the so-called barbarians for the next four hundred years.[1]
  • 1185Isaac II Angelos kills Stephen Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronikos I Komnenos and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1226 – The first recorded instance of the Catholic practice of perpetual Eucharistic adoration formally begins in Avignon, France.
  • 1297Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English.[2]
  • 1390Lithuanian Civil War (1389–92): The Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius.
  • 1541Santiago, Chile, is besieged by indigenous warriors, led by Michimalonco, to free eight indigenous chiefs held captive by the Spaniards. However, the Spaniards decapitated them and rolled their heads on the main square, horrifying the indigenous warriors, and subsequently ending the attack.
  • 1565Ottoman forces retreat from Malta ending the Great Siege of Malta.
  • 1609Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living there.
  • 1649Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell's Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison.
  • 1683Battle of Vienna: Coalition forces, including the famous winged Hussars, led by Polish King John III Sobieski lift the siege laid by Ottoman forces.
  • 1697Battle of Zenta: a major engagement in the Great Turkish War (1683–1699) and one of the most decisive defeats in Ottoman history.
  • 1708Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish Empire ceases to be a major power.
  • 1709Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
  • 1714Siege of Barcelona: Barcelona, capital city of Catalonia, surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1758Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War.
  • 1775Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec leaves Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1776 – British–American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolutionary War.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Brandywine: The British celebrate a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Sugarloaf Massacre: A small detachment of militia from Northampton County are attacked by Native Americans and Loyalists near Little Nescopeck Creek.
  • 1786 – The beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
  • 1789Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
  • 1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other French crown jewels when six men break into the house where they are stored.
  • 1800 – The Maltese National Congress Battalions are disbanded by British Civil Commissioner Alexander Ball.
  • 1802 – France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
  • 1803Battle of Delhi, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia's army under General Louis Bourquin.
  • 1813War of 1812: British troops arrive in Mount Vernon and prepare to march to and invade Washington, D.C..
  • 1814 – War of 1812: The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the war.
  • 1826Captain William Morgan, an ex-freemason is arrested in Batavia, New York for debt after declaring that he would publish The Mysteries of Free Masonry, a book against Freemasonry. This sets into motion the events that lead to his mysterious disappearance.
  • 1829 – Surrender of the expedition led by Isidro Barradas at Tampico, sent by the Spanish crown to retake Mexico. This was the consummation of Mexico's campaign for independence.
  • 1830Anti-Masonic Party convention; one of the first American political party conventions.
  • 1836 – The Riograndense Republic is proclaimed by rebels after defeating Empire of Brazil's troops in the Battle of Seival, during the Ragamuffin War.
  • 1851Christiana Resistance: Escaped slaves led by William Parker fight off and kill a slave owner who, with a federal marshal and an armed party, sought to seize three of his former slaves in Christiana, Pennsylvania, thereby creating a cause célèbre between slavery proponents and abolitionists.
  • 1852 – Outbreak of Revolution of September 11 resulting in the State of Buenos Aires declaring independence as a Republic.
  • 1857 – The Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
  • 1897 – After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • 1903 – The first race at the Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • 1905 – The Ninth Avenue derailment occurs in New York City, killing 13.
  • 1914World War I: Australia invades German New Guinea, defeating a German contingent at the Battle of Bita Paka.
  • 1916 – The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge previously collapsed completely on August 29, 1907.
  • 1919United States Marine Corps invades Honduras.
  • 1921Nahalal, the first moshav in Palestine, is settled as part of a Zionist plan of creating a Jewish state, later to be Israel.
  • 1922 – The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1922 – The Sun News-Pictorial is founded in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1941Charles Lindbergh's Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and FDR's administration of pressing for war with Germany.
  • 1943World War II: German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija ending the Italian occupation of Corsica.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Western Allied invasion of Germany begins near the city of Aachen.
  • 1944 – World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
  • 1945 – World War II: Australian 9th Division forces liberate the Japanese-run Batu Lintang camp, a POW and civilian internment camp on the island of Borneo.
  • 1950Korean War: President Harry S. Truman approved military operations north of the 38th parallel.
  • 1954Hurricane Edna hits New England as a Category 2 hurricane, causing significant damage and 29 deaths.
  • 1961Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane, the second strongest storm ever to hit the state.
  • 1965Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Army captures the town of Burki, just southeast of Lahore.
  • 1967 – China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) launched an attack on Indian posts at Nathu La, Sikkim, India, which resulted a military clashes.
  • 1968Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and six crew.
  • 1970 – The Dawson's Field hijackers release 88 of their hostages. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
  • 1971 – The Egyptian Constitution becomes official.
  • 1972 – The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit system begins passenger service.
  • 1973A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected president Salvador Allende. Pinochet exercises dictatorial power until ousted in a referendum in 1988, staying in power until 1990.
  • 1973 – JAT Airways Flight 769 crashes into the Maganik mountain range while on approach to Titograd Airport, killing 35 passengers and six crew.[3]
  • 1974Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.
  • 1976 – A bomb planted by a Croatian terrorist, Zvonko Bušić, is found at New York's Grand Central Terminal; one NYPD officer is killed trying to defuse it.
  • 1980 – A new constitution of Chile is established under the influence of then Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, which is subject to controversy in Chile today.
  • 1982 – The international forces that were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel's 1982 Invasion of Lebanon leave Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees are massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps by Phalange forces.
  • 1989 – Hungary announces that the East German refugees who had been housed in temporary camps were free to leave for West Germany.
  • 1991Continental Express Flight 2574 crashes in Colorado County, Texas, near Eagle Lake, killing 11 passengers and three crew.[4]
  • 1992Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history, devastates the Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Oahu.
  • 1997NASA's Mars Global Surveyor reaches Mars.
  • 1997 – After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament within the United Kingdom.
  • 2001 – The September 11 attacks, a series of coordinated terrorist attacks killing 2,977 people using four aircraft hijacked by 19 members of al-Qaeda. Two aircraft crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, a third crashes into The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and a fourth into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.[5]
  • 2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of All Bombs.
  • 2008 – A major Channel Tunnel fire breaks out on a freight train, resulting in the closure of part of the tunnel for six months.
  • 2011 – The National September 11 Memorial & Museum opens on the 10th anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
  • 2012 – A total of 315 people are killed in two garment factory fires in Pakistan.
  • 2012 – The U.S. embassy in Benghazi, Libya is attacked, resulting in four deaths.
  • 2015 – A crane collapses onto the Masjid al-Haram mosque in Saudi Arabia, killing 111 people and injuring 394 others.

Births

  • 600Yuknoom Ch'een II, Mayan ruler
  • 1182Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shōgun (d. 1204)
  • 1318Eleanor of Lancaster, countess of Arundel (d. 1372)
  • 1465Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (d. 1536)
  • 1470Martin Waldseemüller, German mapmaker (d. 1520)
  • 1476Louise of Savoy (d. 1531)
  • 1494Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duchess of Guelders (1518–1538) (d. 1572)
  • 1522Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian ornithologist and botanist (d. 1605)
  • 1524Pierre de Ronsard, French poet and author (d. 1585)
  • 1525John George, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1598)
  • 1557Joseph Calasanz, Spanish priest and founder of Piarists (d. 1648)
  • 1572Daniyal, Imperial Prince of the Royal House of Timur (d. 1604)
  • 1578Vincenzo Maculani, Catholic cardinal (d. 1667)
  • 1611Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, French general (d. 1675)
  • 1681Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German academic and jurist (d. 1741)
  • 1700James Thomson, Scottish poet and playwright (d. 1748)
  • 1711William Boyce, English organist and composer (d. 1779)
  • 1723Johann Bernhard Basedow, German author and educator (d. 1790)
  • 1751Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 1827)
  • 1764Valentino Fioravanti, Italian organist and composer (d. 1837)
  • 1771Mungo Park, Scottish surgeon and explorer (d. 1806)
  • 1786Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish pianist and composer (d. 1832)
  • 1798Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1800Daniel S. Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, 13th Lieutenant Governor of New York (d. 1866)
  • 1816Carl Zeiss, German lens maker, created the Optical instrument (d. 1888)
  • 1825Eduard Hanslick, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist and critic (d. 1904)
  • 1829Thomas Hill, American painter (d. 1908)
  • 1836Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American journalist, author, and explorer (d. 1870)
  • 1838John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop (d. 1918)
  • 1847Mary Watson Whitney, American astronomer and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1859Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian author and playwright (d. 1905)
  • 1860James Allan, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1934)
  • 1861Juhani Aho, Finnish author and journalist (d. 1921)
  • 1862Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, English field marshal and politician, 12th Governor General of Canada (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – Hawley Harvey Crippen, American physician (d. 1910)
  • 1862 – O. Henry, American short story writer (d. 1910)
  • 1865Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
  • 1871Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona, Italian racing driver, mountaineer, and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1876Stan Rowley, Australian sprinter (d. 1924)
  • 1877Felix Dzerzhinsky, Polish-Russian academic and politician (d. 1926)
  • 1877 – James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1946)
  • 1879Louis Coatalen, French engineer (d. 1962)
  • 1884Sudhamoy Pramanick, Indian activist and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1885D. H. Lawrence, English novelist, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1930)
  • 1885 – Herbert Stothart, American composer and conductor (d. 1949)
  • 1891William Thomas Walsh, American historian, author, and educator (d. 1949)
  • 1893Douglas Hawkes, English-Greek racing driver and engineer (d. 1974)
  • 1895Vinoba Bhave, Indian philosopher and Gandhian, Bharat Ratna Awardee (d. 1982)
  • 1898Gerald Templer, English field marshal and politician, British High Commissioner in Malaya (d. 1979)
  • 1899Philipp Bouhler, German politician (d. 1945)
  • 1899 – Jimmie Davis, American singer-songwriter and politician, 47th Governor of Louisiana (d. 2000)
  • 1899 – Anton Koolmann, Estonian wrestler and coach (d. 1953)
  • 1901D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, founded Gold Kist (d. 1999)
  • 1903Theodor Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Stephen Etnier, American lieutenant and painter (d. 1984)
  • 1904Karl Plutus, Estonian lawyer and jurist (d. 2010)
  • 1907Lev Oborin, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1974)
  • 1908Alvar Lidell, English journalist (d. 1981)
  • 1911Lala Amarnath, Indian cricketer (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1971)
  • 1913Bear Bryant, American football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Jacinto Convit, Venezuelan physician and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1914Serbian Patriarch Pavle II (d. 2009)
  • 1916Ed Sabol, American film producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2015)
  • 1917Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Herbert Lom, Czech-born English actor (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino soldier, lawyer, and politician, 10th President of the Philippines (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Jessica Mitford, English-American journalist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and horse breeder (d. 2001)
  • 1921Leaford Bearskin, American tribal leader and colonel (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Edwin Richfield, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1923Betsy Drake, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Vasilije Mokranjac, Serbian composer and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1924Daniel Akaka, American soldier, engineer, and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Tom Landry, American football player and coach (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Rudolf Vrba, Czech-Canadian pharmacologist and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1925Harry Somers, Canadian soldier and composer (d. 1999)
  • 1926Eddie Miksis, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1927Keith Holman, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – G. David Schine, American soldier and businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1928Reubin Askew, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 37th Governor of Florida (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Earl Holliman, American actor
  • 1928 – William X. Kienzle, American priest and author (d. 2001)
  • 1929Luis García, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Primož Kozak, Slovenian playwright (d. 1981)
  • 1929 – Patrick Mayhew, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1930Cathryn Damon, American actress and dancer (d. 1987)
  • 1930 – Jean-Claude Forest, French author and illustrator (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Saleh Selim, Egyptian footballer, manager, and actor (d. 2002)
  • 1931John Reger, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1932Peter Anderson, English footballer
  • 1932 – Bob Packwood, American politician
  • 1933Margaret Booth, English lawyer and judge
  • 1933 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Nicola Pietrangeli, Italian tennis player
  • 1934Oliver Jones, Canadian pianist and composer
  • 1935Arvo Pärt, Estonian composer
  • 1935 – Gherman Titov, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2000)
  • 1936Pavel Landovský, Czech actor, director, and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1937Robert Crippen, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1937 – Queen Paola of Belgium
  • 1938David Higgins, English composer and conductor (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Brian F. G. Johnson, English chemist and academic
  • 1939Charles Geschke, American businessman, co-founded Adobe Systems
  • 1940Brian De Palma, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Nông Đức Mạnh, Vietnamese politician
  • 1940 – Thomas K. McCraw, American historian and author (d. 2012)
  • 1940 – Theodore Olson, American lawyer and politician, United States Solicitor General
  • 1940 – Robert Palmer, American businessman, co-founded Mostek
  • 1941Minnijean Brown-Trickey, Civil Rights activist and Little Rock Nine member
  • 1942Lola Falana, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1943André Caillé, Canadian chemist and businessman
  • 1943 – Jack Ely, American singer and guitarist (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Mickey Hart, American drummer, percussionist and musicologist
  • 1943 – Brian Perkins, New Zealand-English journalist and actor
  • 1944Everaldo, Brazilian footballer (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Freddy Thielemans, Belgian educator and politician, Mayor of Brussels
  • 1945Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer and manager
  • 1945 – Gianluigi Gelmetti, Italian composer and conductor
  • 1945 – Leo Kottke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946Anthony Browne, English author and illustrator
  • 1946 – John Roberts, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1946 – Jim Shoulder, English footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Dennis Tufano, American rock singer
  • 1948John Martyn, English-Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1949Roger Uttley, English rugby player and coach
  • 1949 – Bill Whittington, American racing driver
  • 1950Anne Dell, Australian biochemist and academic
  • 1950 – Bruce Doull, Australian footballer
  • 1950 – Amy Madigan, American actress
  • 1950 – Barry Sheene, English motorcycle racer and sportscaster (d. 2003)
  • 1951Miroslav Dvořák, Czech ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1951 – Richard D. Gill, English-Dutch mathematician and academic
  • 1951 – Hugo Porta, Argentinian rugby player
  • 1952Catherine Bott, English soprano
  • 1953Jani Allan, English-South African journalist and author
  • 1953 – Sarita Francis, Former Montserrat Deputy Governor[6]
  • 1953 – Renée Geyer, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Tommy Shaw, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955Sharon Lamb, American psychologist and academic
  • 1956Tony Gilroy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957Jeff Sluman, American golfer
  • 1957 – Jeh Johnson, American political appointee; Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • 1958Brad Lesley, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Scott Patterson, American actor
  • 1958 – Phoef Sutton, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1959Andre Dubus III, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1959 – David Frost, South African golfer
  • 1959 – Robert Wrenn, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1960Hiroshi Amano, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1960 – Michael P. Leavitt, American soldier
  • 1961Philip Ardagh, English author
  • 1961 – Elizabeth Daily, American actress
  • 1961 – Virginia Madsen, American actress
  • 1961 – Samina Raja, Pakistani poet and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1962Filip Dewinter, Belgian politician
  • 1962 – Kristy McNichol, American actress
  • 1962 – Victoria Poleva, Ukrainian pianist and composer
  • 1962 – Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
  • 1962 – Jenny Sanford, American banker and businesswoman
  • 1963Dave Bidini, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964Victor Wooten, American musician
  • 1965Bashar al-Assad, Syrian politician, 21st President of Syria[7]
  • 1965 – Paul Heyman, American wrestling promoter, manager, and journalist
  • 1965 – Moby, American singer-songwriter, musician and DJ
  • 1967Maria Bartiromo, American financial journalist and television personality
  • 1967 – Harry Connick Jr., American singer-songwriter, pianist, actor, and talk show host
  • 1967 – Sung Jae-gi, South Korean activist, founded Man of Korea (d. 2013)
  • 1967 – Charles Walker, English politician
  • 1968Allan Alaküla, Estonian journalist
  • 1968 – Paul Mayeda Berges, American director and screenwriter
  • 1969Stefano Cagol, Italian photographer and director
  • 1969 – Eduardo Pérez, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1970Taraji P. Henson, American actress
  • 1970 – William Joppy, American boxer and coach
  • 1970 – Ted Leo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Antonio Gómez Medina, Mexican wrestler
  • 1971Richard Ashcroft, English singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1974DeLisha Milton-Jones, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975Juan Cobián, Argentinian footballer
  • 1975 – Pierre Issa, South African footballer
  • 1976Tomáš Enge, Czech racing driver
  • 1976 – Murali Kartik, Indian cricketer
  • 1977Jonny Buckland, English guitarist
  • 1977 – Ludacris, American rapper and producer
  • 1977 – Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
  • 1977 – Tobias Zellner, German footballer
  • 1978Ben Lee, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1978 – Ed Reed, American football player
  • 1978 – Dejan Stanković, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1979Eric Abidal, French footballer
  • 1979 – Leon Cort, English footballer
  • 1979 – Frank Francisco, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Steve Hofstetter, American comedian, journalist, and author
  • 1979 – David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
  • 1980Mike Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Dawit Kebede, Ethiopian journalist and publisher
  • 1980 – Antônio Pizzonia, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1981Andrea Dossena, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Hallowicked, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Charles Kelley, American singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Dylan Klebold, American mass murderer, responsible for the Columbine High School massacre (d. 1999)[8]
  • 1982Elvan Abeylegesse, Ethiopian-Turkish runner
  • 1982 – Yelena Parkhomenko, Azerbaijani volleyball player[9]
  • 1983Vivian Cheruiyot, Kenyan sprinter
  • 1983 – Ike Diogu, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Jacoby Ellsbury, American baseball player
  • 1984Aled de Malmanche, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Benson Stanley, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1985Shaun Livingston, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Zack Stortini, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986Dwayne Jarrett, American football player
  • 1986 – Chiliboy Ralepelle, South African rugby player
  • 1987Robert Acquafresca, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Tyler Hoechlin, American actor
  • 1988Mike Moustakas, American baseball player
  • 1990Jo Inge Berget, Norwegian footballer
  • 1990 – Jarrod Croker, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991Jordan Ayew, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1991 – Rhema Obed, English footballer
  • 1991 – Kygo, Norwegian DJ
  • 1992Jonathan Adams, English discus thrower
  • 1992 – JC Caylen, American YouTube personality
  • 1993Farrah Moan, American drag queen and entertainer

Deaths

  • 883Kesta Styppiotes, Byzantine general
  • 1063Béla I of Hungary (b. 1016)
  • 1161Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
  • 1185Stephen Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier (b. 1130)
  • 1279Robert Kilwardby, English cardinal (b. 1215)
  • 1297Hugh de Cressingham, English Treasurer[2]
  • 1298Philip of Artois, Lord of Conches, Nonancourt, and Domfront (b. 1269)
  • 1349Bonne of Luxembourg, queen of John II of France (b. 1315)
  • 1569Vincenza Armani, Italian actress (b. 1530)
  • 1599Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman (b. 1577)
  • 1677James Harrington, English philosopher and author (b. 1611)
  • 1680Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
  • 1721Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (b. 1665)
  • 1733François Couperin, French organist and composer (b. 1668)
  • 1760Louis Godin, French astronomer and academic (b. 1704)
  • 1823David Ricardo, English economist and politician (b. 1772)
  • 1843Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1865Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
  • 1888Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentinian journalist and politician, 7th President of Argentina (b. 1811)
  • 1896Francis James Child, American scholar and educator (b. 1825)
  • 1911Louis Henri Boussenard, French explorer and author (b. 1847)
  • 1915William Sprague IV, American businessman and politician, 27th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1830)
  • 1917Georges Guynemer, French captain and pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1921Subramania Bharati, Indian journalist, poet, and activist (b. 1882)
  • 1926Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor and director (b. 1875)
  • 1932Stanisław Wigura, Polish pilot and businessman, co-founded the RWD Company (b. 1901)
  • 1932 – Franciszek Żwirko, Polish soldier and pilot (b. 1895)
  • 1935Charles Norris, American coroner (b. 1867)
  • 1939Konstantin Korovin, Russian-French painter and set designer (b. 1861)
  • 1941Christian Rakovsky, Bulgarian physician, journalist, and politician, Soviet Ambassador to France (b. 1873)
  • 1948Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (b. 1876)
  • 1949Henri Rabaud, French composer and conductor (b. 1873)
  • 1950Jan Smuts, South African field marshal and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1870)
  • 1952Alfrēds Riekstiņš, Latvian military officer and freedom fighter (d. 1913)
  • 1956Billy Bishop, Canadian colonel and pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1957James Burns, English cricketer (b. 1866)
  • 1957 – Mary Proctor, American astronomer (b. 1862)
  • 1958Camillien Houde, Canadian politician, 34th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1889)
  • 1958 – Robert W. Service, English-French poet and author (b. 1874)
  • 1959Paul Douglas, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1964Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Indian poet and critic (b. 1917)
  • 1965Ralph C. Smedley, American educator, founded Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
  • 1966Collett E. Woolman, American businessman, co-founded Delta Air Lines (b. 1889)
  • 1967Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish engineer and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1968René Cogny, French general (b. 1904)
  • 1971Nikita Khrushchev, Russian general and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1973Salvador Allende, Chilean physician and politician, 29th President of Chile (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – Neem Karoli Baba, Indian philosopher and guru
  • 1974Lois Lenski, American author and illustrator (b. 1893)
  • 1978Mike Gazella, American baseball player and manager (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian author and playwright (b. 1929)
  • 1978 – Janet Parker, English photographer (b. 1938)
  • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (b. 1944)
  • 1982Albert Soboul, French historian and academic (b. 1914)
  • 1984Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
  • 1985William Alwyn, English composer, conductor, and educator (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Henrietta Barnett, British Women's Royal Air Force officer (b. 1905)[10]
  • 1985 – Eleanor Dark, Australian author (b. 1901)
  • 1986Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek academic and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Noel Streatfeild, English author (b. 1895)
  • 1987Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 1987 – Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and educator (b. 1907)
  • 1988Roger Hargreaves, English author and illustrator (b. 1935)
  • 1990Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist and activist (b. 1949)
  • 1991Ernst Herbeck, Austrian-German poet (b. 1920)
  • 1993Antoine Izméry, Haitian businessman and activist
  • 1993 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian-American conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Mary Jane Reoch, American cyclist (b. 1945)[11]
  • 1994Luciano Sgrizzi, Italian harpsichordist, pianist, and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Jessica Tandy, English-American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1995Anita Harding, English neurologist and academic (b. 1952)
  • 1997Camille Henry, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Hannah Weiner, American poet (b. 1928)
  • 1998Dane Clark, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999Belkis Ayón, Cuban painter and lithographer (b. 1967)
  • 1999 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (b. 1972)
  • 2001Alice Stewart Trillin, American author and educator (b. 1938)
    • Casualties of the September 11 attacks:
      • Mohamed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (b. 1968)
      • David Angell, American screenwriter and television producer (b. 1946)
      • Garnet Bailey, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1948)
      • Berry Berenson, American photographer, actress, and model (b. 1948)
      • Carolyn Beug, American director and producer (b. 1952)
      • Bill Biggart, American photographer and journalist (b. 1947)
      • Ronald Paul Bucca, American fire marshal (b. 1954)
      • Charles Burlingame, American captain and pilot (b. 1949)
      • Kevin Cosgrove, American business executive (b. 1955)
      • Wilson Flagg, American admiral (b. 1938)
      • Mychal Judge, American priest and chaplain (b. 1933)
      • Daniel M. Lewin, American mathematician and businessman, co-founded Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)
      • Timothy Maude, American general (b. 1947)
      • Eamon McEneaney, American lacrosse player and poet (b. 1954)
      • John P. O'Neill, American FBI agent (b. 1952)
      • Barbara Olson, American lawyer and journalist (b. 1955)
      • Rick Rescorla, Cornish-American colonel (b. 1939)
      • Marwan al-Shehhi, Emirati terrorist (b. 1978)
  • 2002Kim Hunter, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – David Wisniewski, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)
  • 2003Anna Lindh, Swedish politician, 39th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Sweden (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – John Ritter, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2004Fred Ebb, American songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – David Mann, American painter and illustrator (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
  • 2006William Auld, Scottish poet and author (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2007Ian Porterfield, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1946)[12]
  • 2007 – Gene Savoy, American explorer, theologian, and author (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Jean Séguy, French sociologist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Joe Zawinul, Austrian keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2009Jim Carroll, American author, poet and musician (b. 1949)
  • 2009 – Pierre Cossette, Canadian producer and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Larry Gelbart, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2009 – Yoshito Usui, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1958)
  • 2010Harold Gould, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2011Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver (b. 1984)
  • 2011 – Ralph Gubbins, English footballer (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Anjali Gupta, Indian soldier and pilot (b. 1975)
  • 2011 – Andy Whitfield, Welsh actor and model (b. 1971)
  • 2012Finn Bergesen, Norwegian civil servant and businessman (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – Tomas Evjen, Norwegian cinematographer and producer (b. 1972)
  • 2012 – J. Christopher Stevens, American lawyer and diplomat, 10th United States Ambassador to Libya (b. 1960)
  • 2013Marshall Berman, American philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Francisco Chavez, Filipino lawyer and politician, Solicitor General of the Philippines (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Keith Dunstan, American-Australian journalist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Albert Jacquard, French geneticist and biologist (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Virgil A. Richard, American general (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Andrzej Trybulec, Polish mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2014Bob Crewe, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Antoine Duhamel, French composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Donald Sinden, English actor (b. 1923)
  • 2015Dennis Paul Hebert, American businessman and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2016Alexis Arquette, American actress, musician and cabaret performer (b. 1969)
  • 2019B. J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia

Holidays and observances

  • Battle of Tendra Day (Russia)
  • Christian feast days:
    • Blessed Francesco Bonifacio
    • Deiniol
    • Felix, Regula, and Exuperantius
    • Harry Burleigh (Episcopal Church)
    • John Gabriel Perboyre (one of Martyr Saints of China)
    • Leudinus (Bobo)
    • Our Lady of Coromoto
    • Paphnutius of Thebes (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Patiens of Lyon
    • Protus and Hyacinth
    • Sperandia
    • Theodora of Alexandria
    • September 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Pakistan)
  • Emergency Number Day (United States)
  • Enkutatash falls on this day if it is not a leap year. Celebrated on the first day of Mäskäräm. (Ethiopia, Rastafari)
  • National Day (Catalonia)
  • Nayrouz (Coptic Orthodox Church), September 12 on leap years.
  • September 11 attacks-related observances (United States):
    • National Day of Service and Remembrance
    • Patriot Day
  • Teachers' Day (Argentina)

References

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External links

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