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Events

  • 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
  • 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France.
  • 1509 – An earthquake known as "The Lesser Judgment Day" hits Constantinople.
  • 1515Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal.
  • 1547 – The Battle of Pinkie, the last full-scale military confrontation between England and Scotland, resulting in a decisive victory for the forces of Edward VI.
  • 1561Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima: Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
  • 1570 – Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission.
  • 1573 – German pirate Klein Henszlein and 33 of his crew beheaded in Hamburg [1].
  • 1608John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1776American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy for the Continental Army.
  • 1798 – At the Battle of St. George's Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain.
  • 1813 – The United States defeats a British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
  • 1846Elias Howe is granted a patent for the sewing machine.
  • 1858George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • 1897Lattimer massacre: A sheriff's posse kills 19 unarmed striking immigrant miners in Lattimer, Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1898Empress Elisabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • 1918Russian Civil War: The Red Army captures Kazan.
  • 1919 – Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
  • 1932 – The New York City Subway's third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.
  • 1936 – First World Individual Motorcycle Speedway Championship, Held at London's (England) Wembley Stadium
  • 1937 – Nine nations attend the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 1939World War II: The submarine Template:HMS is mistakenly sunk by the submarine Template:HMS near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy's first loss of a submarine in the war.
  • 1939 – World War II: Canada declares war on Germany, joining the Allies: Poland, France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia.
  • 1942 – World War II: The British Army carries out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: In the course of Operation Achse, German troops begin their occupation of Rome.
  • 1960 – At the Summer Olympics in Rome, Abebe Bikila becomes the first sub-Saharan African to win a gold medal, winning the marathon in bare feet.
  • 1961 – In the Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German Formula One driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators who are hit by his Ferrari, the deadliest accident in F1 history.
  • 1967 – The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.
  • 1974Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
  • 1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176.
  • 1977Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.
  • 2000Operation Barras successfully frees six British soldiers held captive for over two weeks and contributes to the end of the Sierra Leone Civil War.
  • 2001Antônio da Costa Santos, mayor of Campinas, Brazil is assassinated.
  • 2002 – Switzerland, traditionally a neutral country, becomes a full member of the United Nations.
  • 2007 – Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.
  • 2008 – The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in history, is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 2017Hurricane Irma makes landfall on Cudjoe Key, Florida as a Category 4, after causing catastrophic damage throughout the Caribbean. Irma resulted in 134 deaths and $64.76 billion (2017 USD) in damage.

Births

  • 877Eutychius, patriarch of Alexandria (d. 940)
  • 904Guo Wei, posthumously known as Emperor Taizu of Later Zhou
  • 920Louis IV of France (d. 954)
  • 1169Alexios II Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1183)
  • 1423Eleanor, Princess of Asturias (d. 1425)[2]
  • 1487Pope Julius III (d. 1555)
  • 1497Wolfgang Musculus, German theologian (d. 1563)
  • 1550Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, Spanish general (d. 1615)
  • 1547George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1596)
  • 1561Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Paraguayan-Argentinian soldier and politician (d. 1634)
  • 1588Nicholas Lanier, English singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1666)
  • 1624Thomas Sydenham, English physician and author (d. 1689)
  • 1638Maria Theresa of Spain (d. 1683)
  • 1659Henry Purcell, English organist and composer (d. 1695)
  • 1714Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
  • 1753John Soane, English architect and academic, designed the Royal Academy and Freemasons' Hall (d. 1837)
  • 1758Hannah Webster Foster, American author (d. 1840)[3]
  • 1786Nicolás Bravo, Mexican soldier and politician, 11th President of Mexico (d. 1854)
  • 1786 – William Mason, American surgeon and politician (d. 1860)
  • 1788Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist and author (d. 1868)
  • 1793Harriet Arbuthnot, English diarist (d. 1834)
  • 1801Marie Laveau, American voodoo practitioner (d. 1881)
  • 1821William Jervois, English captain, engineer, and politician, 10th Governor of South Australia (d. 1897)
  • 1836Joseph Wheeler, American general and politician (d. 1906)
  • 1839Isaac K. Funk, American minister and publisher, co-founded Funk & Wagnalls (d. 1912)
  • 1839 – Charles Sanders Peirce, American mathematician, statistician, and philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1844Abel Hoadley, English-Australian candy maker, created the Violet Crumble (d. 1918)
  • 1852Hans Niels Andersen, Danish businessman, founded the East Asiatic Company (d. 1937)
  • 1852 – Alice Brown Davis, American tribal chief (d. 1935)[4]
  • 1860Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-Swiss painter (d. 1938)[5]
  • 1864Carl Correns, German botanist and geneticist (d. 1933)
  • 1866Jeppe Aakjær, Danish author and poet (d. 1930)
  • 1871Charles Collett, English engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1872Ranjitsinhji, Indian cricketer (d. 1933)
  • 1874Mamie Dillard, African American educator, clubwoman and suffragist (d. 1954)[6]
  • 1875George Hewitt Myers, American forester and philanthropist (d. 1957)
  • 1876Hugh D. McIntosh, Australian businessman (d. 1942)
  • 1880Georgia Douglas Johnson, American poet and playwright (d. 1966)[7]
  • 1880 – Laura Cornelius Kellogg, Native American activist (d. 1947)[8]
  • 1884Herbert Johanson, Estonian architect (d. 1964)
  • 1885Johannes de Jong, Dutch cardinal (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Carl Clinton Van Doren, American critic and biographer (d. 1950)
  • 1886H.D., American poet, novelist, and memoirist (d. 1961)
  • 1887Giovanni Gronchi, Italian soldier and politician, 3rd President of the Italian Republic (d. 1978)
  • 1887 – Kenneth Mason, English soldier and geographer (d. 1976)
  • 1887 – Govind Ballabh Pant, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (d. 1961)
  • 1888Israel Abramofsky, Russian-American painter (d. 1976)
  • 1889Ivar Böhling, Finnish wrestler (d. 1929)
  • 1890Bob Heffron, New Zealand-Australian miner and politician, 30th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1978)
  • 1890 – Elsa Schiaparelli, Italian-French fashion designer (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1945)
  • 1892Arthur Compton, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1894Alexander Dovzhenko, Soviet screenwriter/producer/director of Ukrainian origin (d. 1956)
  • 1895Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (d. 1976)
  • 1896Adele Astaire, American actress and dancer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Robert Taschereau, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 11th Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ye Ting, Chinese general (d. 1946)
  • 1897Georges Bataille, French philosopher, novelist, and poet (d. 1962)
  • 1897 – Hilde Hildebrand, German actress and singer (d. 1976)
  • 1898Bessie Love, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1898 – Waldo Semon, American chemist and engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1903Cyril Connolly, English author and critic (d. 1974)
  • 1904Honey Craven, American horse rider and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1904 – Max Shachtman, American theorist and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1906Karl Wien, German geographer, academic, and mountaineer (d. 1937)
  • 1907Alva R. Fitch, American general (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Dorothy Hill, Australian geologist and palaeontologist (d. 1997)
  • 1908Angus Bethune, Australian soldier and politician, 33rd Premier of Tasmania (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Raymond Scott, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Waldo Rudolph Wedel, American archaeologist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1912Basappa Danappa Jatti, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th Vice President of India (d. 2002)
  • 1913Lincoln Gordon, American academic and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Brazil (d. 2009)
  • 1914Terence O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of the Maine, Anglo-Irish captain and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Robert Wise, American director and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1915Edmond O'Brien, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1917Miguel Serrano, Chilean poet and diplomat (d. 2009)
  • 1919Lex van Delden, Dutch composer (d. 1988)
  • 1920Fabio Taglioni, Italian engineer (d. 2001)
  • 1921Joann Lõssov, Estonian basketball player and coach (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – John W. Morris, American general (d. 2013)
  • 1923Glen P. Robinson, American businessman, founded Scientific Atlanta (d. 2013)
  • 1924Ted Kluszewski, American baseball player and coach (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Boyd K. Packer, American educator and religious leader, 26th President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (d. 2015)
  • 1925Roy Brown, American singer-songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1925 – Dick Lucas, English minister and cleric
  • 1925 – Boris Tchaikovsky, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1926Beryl Cook, English painter and illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1927Johnny Keating, Scottish trombonist, composer, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1928Roch Bolduc, Canadian civil servant and politician
  • 1928 – Walter Ralston Martin, American minister and author, founded the Christian Research Institute (d. 1989)
  • 1928 – Jean Vanier, Canadian philosopher and humanitarian, founded L'Arche (d. 2019)
  • 1929Michel Bélanger, Canadian businessman and banker (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – John Golding, English historian, scholar, and curator (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Arnold Palmer, American golfer and businessman (d. 2016)
  • 1930Aino Kukk, Estonian chess player and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1931Isabel Colegate, English author and agent
  • 1931 – Philip Baker Hall, American actor
  • 1932Bo Goldman, American playwright, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1933Yevgeny Khrunov, Russian colonel and astronaut (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Karl Lagerfeld, German-French fashion designer and photographer (d. 2019)
  • 1934Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Roger Maris, American baseball player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1934 – Jim Oberstar, American educator and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Larry Sitsky, Australian pianist, composer, and educator
  • 1934 – Mr. Wrestling II, American wrestler
  • 1935Mary Oliver, American poet (d. 2019)
  • 1937Jared Diamond, American biologist, geographer, and author
  • 1937 – Tommy Overstreet, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015)
  • 1938David Hamilton, English radio and television host
  • 1940Roy Ayers, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, vibraphonist, and producer
  • 1940 – Buck Buchanan, American football player (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1941Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, biologist, and author (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Christopher Hogwood, English harpsichord player and conductor, founded the Academy of Ancient Music (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese video game designer, invented Game Boy (d. 1997)
  • 1942Danny Hutton, Irish-American singer
  • 1944Thomas Allen, English actor, singer, and academic
  • 1945José Feliciano, Puerto Rican singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945 – Gerard Henderson, Australian journalist and author
  • 1945 – Mike Mullane, American colonel and astronaut
  • 1946Michèle Alliot-Marie, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
  • 1946 – Jim Hines, American sprinter and football player
  • 1946 – Don Powell, English rock drummer
  • 1946 – Patrick Norman, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1947Larry Nelson, American golfer
  • 1947 – David Pountney, English director and manager
  • 1948Zhang Chengzhi, Chinese historian and author
  • 1948 – Brian Donohoe, Scottish politician
  • 1948 – Judy Geeson, English actress
  • 1948 – Bob Lanier, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Margaret Trudeau, Canadian actress and talk show host, 12th Spouse of the Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1948 – Charlie Waters, American football player, coach, and radio host
  • 1949Barriemore Barlow, English rock drummer and songwriter
  • 1949 – Babette Cole, English author and illustrator (d. 2017)
  • 1949 – Don Muraco, American wrestler
  • 1949 – Bill O'Reilly, American journalist and author
  • 1950Rosie Flores, American singer and guitarist
  • 1950 – Tom Lund, Norwegian football player
  • 1950 – Joe Perry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951Sarah Coakley, English philosopher, theologian, and academic
  • 1951 – Steve Keirn, American wrestler
  • 1951 – Bill Rogers, American golfer
  • 1952Medea Benjamin, American activist, founder of Code Pink
  • 1952 – Vic Toews, Paraguayan-Canadian lawyer and politician, 48th Canadian Minister of Justice
  • 1953Amy Irving, American actress
  • 1953 – Pat Cadigan, American science fiction author
  • 1953 – John Thurso, Scottish businessman and politician
  • 1954Jackie Ashley, English journalist
  • 1954 – Lorely Burt, English politician
  • 1954 – Don Wilson, American kickboxer and actor
  • 1955Pat Mastelotto, American rock drummer
  • 1956Johnnie Fingers, Irish keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1957Kate Burton, Swiss-born British actress
  • 1957 – Carol Decker, English singer-songwriter
  • 1958Chris Columbus, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Siobhan Fahey, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959Michael Earl, American actor, singer, and puppeteer (d. 2015)
  • 1960Alison Bechdel, American author and illustrator
  • 1960 – Margaret Ferrier, Scottish politician
  • 1960 – Colin Firth, English actor and producer
  • 1960 – Tim Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1960 – David Lowery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961Trace Gallagher, American journalist
  • 1963Randy Johnson, American baseball player and actor
  • 1963 – Bill Stevenson, American drummer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1964John E. Sununu, American engineer and politician
  • 1966Yuki Saito, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1966 – Joe Nieuwendyk, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1968Andreas Herzog, Austrian footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Big Daddy Kane, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1968 – Guy Ritchie, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969Craig Innes, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1969 – Johnathon Schaech, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970Ménélik, Cameroonian-French rapper
  • 1970 – Dean Gorré, Surinamese footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Paula Kelley, American singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Neera Tanden, American lawyer and policy analyst
  • 1971Joe Bravo, American jockey
  • 1972James Duval, American actor and producer
  • 1972 – Bente Skari, Norwegian skier
  • 1973Ferdinand Coly, Senegalese footballer
  • 1973 – Mark Huizinga, Dutch martial artist
  • 1973 – Tim Stimpson, English rugby player
  • 1974Mohammad Akram, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1974 – Mirko Filipović, Croatian mixed martial artist, boxer, and politician
  • 1974 – Ryan Phillippe, American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Ben Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1975Dan O'Toole, Canadian sportscaster
  • 1975 – Melanie Pullen, American photographer
  • 1976Marty Holah, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976 – Gustavo Kuerten, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1976 – Vassilis Lakis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Matt Morgan, American wrestler
  • 1976 – Reinder Nummerdor, Dutch volleyball player
  • 1977Mike DiBiase, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Caleb Ralph, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1978Julia Goldsworthy, English politician
  • 1978 – Alex Horne, British comedian [9]
  • 1978 – Ramūnas Šiškauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1980Trevor Murdoch, American wrestler
  • 1980 – Mikey Way, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1981Marco Chiudinelli, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Germán Denis, Argentinian footballer
  • 1981 – Bonnie Maxon, American wrestler
  • 1982Misty Copeland, American ballerina and author
  • 1982Javi Varas, Spanish footballer
  • 1983Fernando Belluschi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Jérémy Toulalan, French footballer
  • 1983 – Joey Votto, Canadian baseball player
  • 1984Sander Post, Estonian footballer
  • 1984 – Harry Treadaway, English actor
  • 1984 – Luke Treadaway, English actor
  • 1984 – Drake Younger, American wrestler
  • 1985Aleksandrs Čekulajevs, Latvian footballer
  • 1985 – James Graham, English rugby league player
  • 1985 – Neil Walker, American baseball player
  • 1986Ashley Monroe, American singer-songwriter
  • 1986Eoin Morgan, English cricketer
  • 1987Paul Goldschmidt, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Nana Tanimura, Japanese singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987 – Alex Saxon, American actor
  • 1988Bobby Sharp, Canadian wrestler
  • 1988 – Jordan Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989Manish Pandey, Indian cricketer
  • 1989 – Matt Ritchie, English footballer
  • 1989 – Lee Sawyer, English footballer
  • 1991Boadu Maxwell Acosty, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1992Ricky Ledo, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Ayub Masika, Kenyan footballer
  • 1994Mohamed Sylla, French rapper
  • 1997Brooke Henderson, Canadian golfer
  • 1998Anna Blinkova, Russian tennis player

Deaths

  • 210 BCQin Shi Huang, first emperor of China (b. 260 BC)
  • 602Dugu Qieluo, empress of the Chinese Sui dynasty (b. 544)
  • 689Guo Zhengyi, official of the Chinese Tang Dynasty
  • 710Li Chongfu, imperial prince of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. c. 680)
  • 918Baldwin II, Frankish margrave (b. c. 865)
  • 952Gao Xingzhou, Chinese general (b. 885)
  • 954Louis IV, king of West Francia (b. 920)
  • 1167Matilda of England, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1102)
  • 1197Henry II, Count of Champagne (b. 1166)
  • 1217William de Redvers, 5th Earl of Devon, English politician
  • 1281John II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal (b. 1237)
  • 1306Nicholas of Tolentino, Italian mystic and saint (b. 1245)
  • 1308Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (b. 1285)
  • 1364Robert of Taranto, King of Albania
  • 1382Louis I of Hungary (b. 1326)
  • 1384Joanna of Dreux, Countess of Penthievre and Duchess of Brittany (b. 1319)
  • 1419John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1371)
  • 1479Jacopo Piccolomini-Ammannati, Italian cardinal and humanist (b. 1422)
  • 1482Federico da Montefeltro, Italian warlord (b. 1422)
  • 1504Philibert II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1480)
  • 1519John Colet, English theologian and scholar (b. 1467)
  • 1549Anthony Denny, English politician (b. 1501)
  • 1591Richard Grenville, English admiral and politician (b. 1542)
  • 1604William Morgan, Welsh bishop and translator (b. 1545)
  • 1607Luzzasco Luzzaschi, Italian organist and composer (b. 1545)
  • 1669Henrietta Maria of France (b. 1609)
  • 1676Gerrard Winstanley, English activist (b. 1609)
  • 1748Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, Filipino nun, founded the Religious of the Virgin Mary (b. 1663)
  • 1749Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1759Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian missionary and explorer (b. 1703)
  • 1797Mary Wollstonecraft, English philosopher, historian, and novelist (b. 1759)
  • 1842William Hobson, Irish-New Zealand soldier and politician, 1st Governor of New Zealand (b. 1792)
  • 1842 – Letitia Christian Tyler, American wife of John Tyler, 11th First Lady of the United States (b. 1790)
  • 1851Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American minister and educator (b. 1787)
  • 1867Simon Sechter, Austrian organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1788)
  • 1889Charles III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1818)
  • 1891David Humphreys Storer, American physician and naturalist (b. 1804)
  • 1898Empress Elisabeth of Austria (b. 1837)
  • 1905Pete Browning, American baseball player (b. 1861)
  • 1915Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Canadian physician and politician, 3rd Premier of Quebec (b. 1822)
  • 1915 – Bagha Jatin, Indian philosopher and author (b. 1879 )
  • 1919J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher, founded the Archibald Prize (b. 1856)
  • 1922Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, English poet and activist (b. 1840)
  • 1923Sukumar Ray, Indian poet and playwright (b. 1887)
  • 1931Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1869)
  • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano, Italian-American gangster (b. 1886)
  • 1933Giuseppe Campari, Italian race car driver (b. 1892)
  • 1933Baconin Borzacchini, Italian race car driver (b. 1898)
  • 1933Stanisław Czaykowski, Polish race car driver (b. 1899)
  • 1934George Henschel, German-English pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1850)
  • 1935Huey Long, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Louisiana (b. 1893)
  • 1937Sergei Tretyakov, Russian author and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1938Charles Cruft, English businessman, founded Crufts (b. 1852)
  • 1939Wilhelm Fritz von Roettig, German general (b. 1888)
  • 1948Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
  • 1952Youssef Aftimus, Lebanese engineer and architect, designed the Beirut City Hall (b. 1866)
  • 1954Peter Anders, German tenor and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1961Leo Carrillo, American actor and singer (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Wolfgang von Trips, German race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1965Father Divine, American spiritual leader (b. 1880)
  • 1966Emil Julius Gumbel, German mathematician and statistician (b. 1891)
  • 1968Erna Mohr, German zoologist (b. 1894)
  • 1971Pier Angeli, Italian-American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 1973Cornelia Meigs, American author and playwright (b. 1884)
  • 1975Hans Swarowsky, Hungarian-Austrian conductor and educator (b. 1899)
  • 1975 – George Paget Thomson, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976Dalton Trumbo, American screenwriter and novelist (b. 1905)
  • 1979Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician, 1st President of Angola (b. 1922)
  • 1983Felix Bloch, Swiss-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – Norah Lofts, English author (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Jon Brower Minnoch, American heaviest man (b. 1941)
  • 1983 – B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (b. 1915)
  • 1985Ernst Öpik, Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1893)
  • 1985 – Jock Stein, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1922)
  • 1987Boris Rõtov, Estonian chess player (b. 1937)
  • 1988Virginia Satir, American psychotherapist and author (b. 1916)
  • 1991Jack Crawford, Australian tennis player (b. 1908)
  • 1994Charles Drake, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1996Joanne Dru, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Hans List, Austrian scientist and inventor (b. 1896)
  • 2000Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Indian-Pakistani journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2004Brock Adams, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Secretary of Transportation (b. 1927)
  • 2005Hermann Bondi, Austrian mathematician and cosmologist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, American singer and guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 2006Patty Berg, American golfer (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, Tongan king (b. 1918)
  • 2007Anita Roddick, English businesswoman, founded The Body Shop (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Joe Sherlock, Irish politician (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Ted Stepien, American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Jane Wyman, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2008Gérald Beaudoin, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – Vernon Handley, English conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2011Cliff Robertson, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2012Raquel Correa, Chilean journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Robert Gammage, American captain, lawyer, and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Lance LeGault, American actor and stuntman (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Stanley Long, English director, producer, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – John Moffatt, English actor and playwright (b. 1922)
  • 2013John Hambrick, American journalist and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Ibrahim Makhous, Syrian politician, Syrian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Josef Němec, Czech boxer (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – E. Clay Shaw, Jr., American accountant and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jack Vance, Canadian general (b. 1933)
  • 2014Emilio Botín, Spanish banker and businessman (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Richard Kiel, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Edward Nelson, American mathematician and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – George Spencer, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Paul K. Sybrowsky, American religious leader and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2015Norman Farberow, American psychologist and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Adrian Frutiger, Swiss typeface designer (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Antoine Lahad, Lebanese general (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances

  • Amerindian Heritage Day (Guyana)
  • Children's Day (Honduras)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexander Crummell (Episcopal Church)
    • Aubert
    • Blessed Thomas Tsugi, Charles Spinola, and Great Martyrs of Nagasaki
    • Edmund James Peck (Anglican Church of Canada)
    • Nicholas of Tolentino
    • Theodard of Maastricht
    • September 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Gibraltar National Day
  • Saint George's Caye Day (Belize)
  • Teachers' Day (China)
  • World Suicide Prevention Day

References

  1. Bottling, Douglas.The Pirates. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books Inc., 1978. Niehaus, Alisha. Piratepedia. New York, New York: Dorling Kindersley Ltd., 200
  2. Enrique Flórez, Manuel Risco: España sagrada: De la Iglesia Exenta de Oviedo desde el medio del siglo XIV hasta fines del siglo XVIII; En la Oficina de la Viuda e Hijo de Marín, 1795
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External links

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