Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • 717Siege of Constantinople: The Muslim armada with 1,800 ships, is defeated by the Byzantine navy through the use of Greek fire.
  • 1355 – King Tvrtko I of Bosnia writes In castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from the Old town of Visoki.
  • 1449Tumu Crisis: Mongols capture the Emperor of China.
  • 1529 – The Spanish fort of Sancti Spiritu, the first one built in modern Argentina, is destroyed by natives.
  • 1532 – Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.
  • 1604Adi Granth, now known as Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhs, was first installed at Harmandir Sahib.
  • 1644Battle of Tippermuir: James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose defeats the Earl of Wemyss's Covenanters, reviving the Royalist cause.
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
  • 1763Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow
  • 1772 – The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
  • 1774Massachusetts Bay colonists rise up in the bloodless Powder Alarm.
  • 1804Juno, one of the largest asteroids in the Main Belt, is discovered by the German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • 1831 – The high honor of Order of St. Gregory the Great is established by Pope Gregory XVI of the Vatican State to recognize high support for the Vatican or for the Pope, by a man or a woman, and not necessarily a Roman Catholic.
  • 1836Narcissa Whitman, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 1862American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly: Confederate Army troops defeat a group of retreating Union Army troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Confederate Army General John Bell Hood orders the evacuation of Atlanta, ending a four-month siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1870Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1873Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1878Emma Nutt becomes the world's first female telephone operator when she is recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.
  • 1880 – The army of Mohammad Ayub Khan is routed by the British at the Battle of Kandahar, ending the Second Anglo-Afghan War
  • 1894 – Over 400 people die in the Great Hinckley Fire, a forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota.
  • 1897 – The Tremont Street Subway in Boston opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • 1905Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
  • 1906 – The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys is established.
  • 1910 – In Brazil, Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, the first FIFA World Club Champion, is founded.
  • 1911 – The armored cruiser Georgios Averof is commissioned into the Greek Navy. It now serves as a museum ship.
  • 1914St. Petersburg, Russia, changes its name to Petrograd.
  • 1914 – The last known passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • 1920 – The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.
  • 1923 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
  • 1928Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
  • 1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and Slovakia invade Poland, beginning the European phase of World War II.
  • 1939 – General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
  • 1939 – The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross is also instituted on this date.
  • 1939 – Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Armed Forces (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
  • 1939 – Adolf Hitler signs an order to begin the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.
  • 1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
  • 1952The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published.
  • 1958Iceland expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom, beginning the Cod Wars.
  • 1961 – The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.
  • 1961 – The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
  • 1967 – The Khmer–Chinese Friendship Association is banned in Cambodia.
  • 1969 – A coup in Libya brings Muammar Gaddafi to power.
  • 1969 – Trần Thiện Khiêm becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu.
  • 1970 – Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerrillas, who attack his motorcade.
  • 1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky to become the world chess champion.
  • 1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds at a speed of Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1980 – Major General Chun Doo-hwan becomes President of South Korea, following the resignation of Choi Kyu-hah.
  • 1981 – A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
  • 1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983Cold War: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace, killing all 269 onboard, including Congressman Lawrence McDonald.
  • 1985 – A joint American–French expedition locates the wreckage of the Template:RMS.
  • 1991Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2004 – The Crisis in Beslan commences when armed terrorists take schoolchildren and school staff hostage in North Ossetia (Russia); by the end of the siege three days later more than 385 people are dead (including hostages, other civilians, security personnel and terrorists).

Births

  • 1145Ibn Jubayr, Spanish geographer and poet (d. 1217)
  • 1288Elizabeth Richeza of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1341Frederick III the Simple, King of Sicily (d. 1377)
  • 1453Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • 1566Edward Alleyn, English actor and major figure of the Elizabethan theatre; founder of Dulwich College and Alleyn's School
  • 1588Henri, Prince of Condé (d. 1646)
  • 1653Johann Pachelbel, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1706)
  • 1689Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, Bohemian architect, designed Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral (d. 1751)
  • 1711William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1726Johann Becker, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1803)
  • 1795James Gordon Bennett Sr., American publisher, founded the New York Herald (d. 1872)
  • 1799Ferenc Gyulay, Hungarian-Austrian commander and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1818José María Castro Madriz, Costa Rican lawyer and politician, 1st President of Costa Rica (d. 1892)
  • 1848Auguste Forel, Swiss myrmecologist, neuroanatomist, and psychiatrist (d. 1931)
  • 1850Jim O'Rourke, American baseball player and manager (d. 1919)
  • 1851John Clum, American journalist and agent (d. 1932)
  • 1854Engelbert Humperdinck, German playwright and composer (d. 1921)
  • 1855Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet and critic (d. 1909)
  • 1856Sergei Winogradsky, Ukrainian-Russian microbiologist and ecologist (d. 1953)
  • 1864Akashi Motojiro, Japanese general (d. 1919)
  • 1866James J. Corbett, American boxer (d. 1933)
  • 1867John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton, English sailor and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1868Henri Bourassa, Canadian publisher and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1871J. Reuben Clark, American lawyer, civil servant, and religious leader (d. 1961)
  • 1875Edgar Rice Burroughs, American soldier and author (d. 1950)
  • 1876Harriet Shaw Weaver, English journalist and activist (d. 1961)
  • 1877Francis William Aston, English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Rex Beach, American author, playwright, and water polo player (d. 1949)
  • 1878Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • 1878 – J. F. C. Fuller, English general and historian (d. 1966)
  • 1878 – Tullio Serafin, Italian conductor and director (d. 1968)
  • 1883Didier Pitre, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
  • 1884Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and director (d. 1947)
  • 1886Othmar Schoeck, Swiss composer and conductor (d. 1957)
  • 1886 – Shigeyasu Suzuki, Japanese general (d. 1957)
  • 1887Blaise Cendrars, Swiss author and poet (d. 1961)
  • 1888Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and scholar (d. 1958)
  • 1892Georg Baumann, Russian-Estonian wrestler (d. 1915)
  • 1892 – Leverett Saltonstall, American lieutenant and politician, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1893Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japanese-American painter and photographer (d. 1953)
  • 1895Engelbert Zaschka, German engineer and designer, invented the Human-powered aircraft (d. 1955)
  • 1896A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian religious leader, founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (d. 1977)
  • 1897Andy Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1898Violet Carson, English actress and singer (d. 1983)
  • 1899Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1902Kazimierz Dąbrowski, Polish psychiatrist and psychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1904George Biswell, English footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Johnny Mack Brown, American football player and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1906Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican lawyer and politician, 49th President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2002)
  • 1906 – Franz Biebl, German composer and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Eleanor Hibbert, English author (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Arthur Rowe, English footballer and manager (d. 1993)
  • 1907Gil Puyat, Filipino businessman and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Walter Reuther, American union leader, founded United Auto Workers (d. 1970)
  • 1908Amir Elahi, Pakistani cricketer (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Lou Kenton, Jewish-English soldier and potter (d. 2012)
  • 1909E. Herbert Norman, Canadian historian and diplomat (d. 1957)
  • 1913Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Christian Nyby, American director and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1914John H. Adams, American jockey (d. 1995)
  • 1916Dorothy Cheney, American tennis player (d. 2014)
  • 1919Ossie Dawson, South African cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Hilda Hänchen, German physicist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1920Liz Carpenter, American journalist, author, and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Eduardo J. Corso, Uruguayan lawyer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor and stuntman (d. 2000)
  • 1921Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch author, poet, and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1922Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-American actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1923Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (d. 2006)
  • 1924Hal Douglas, American voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1925Arvonne Fraser, American activist
  • 1925 – Art Pepper, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1926Abdur Rahman Biswas, Bangladeshi banker and politician, 10th President of Bangladesh
  • 1926 – Gene Colan, American illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Russell Jones, Australian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1927Soshana Afroyim, Austrian painter (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Wyatt Cooper, American author and screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Robert Isaacson, American art dealer and scholar (d. 1998)
  • 1928Emrys James, Welsh actor (d. 1989)
  • 1928 – Clifford Lincoln, Mauritian-Canadian businessman and politician
  • 1928 – George Maharis, American actor
  • 1929Mava Lee Thomas, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Maurice Vachon, Canadian wrestler (d. 2013)
  • 1930Turgut Özakman, Turkish lawyer and civil servant (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Dick Raaymakers, Dutch composer and theorist (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Charles Correa, Indian architect (d. 2015)
  • 1931Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Beano Cook, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Cecil Parkinson, English accountant and politician, Secretary of State for Transport (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Boxcar Willie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1932Derog Gioura, Nauruan politician, 23rd President of Nauru (d. 2008)
  • 1933Marshall Lytle, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – T. Thirunavukarasu, Sri Lankan politician (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1935Nicholas Garland, English cartoonist
  • 1935 – Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor and director
  • 1937Al Geiberger, American golfer
  • 1937 – Allen Jones, English sculptor and painter
  • 1937 – Ron O'Neal, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Allen Weinstein, American historian and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1938Alan Dershowitz, American lawyer and author
  • 1938 – Per Kirkeby, Danish painter, sculptor, and poet
  • 1939Lily Tomlin, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1940Yaşar Büyükanıt, Turkish general
  • 1941Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1942C. J. Cherryh, American author and educator
  • 1944Leonard Slatkin, American conductor and composer
  • 1944 – Harvey Thomas Strosberg, Canadian lawyer and academic
  • 1945Mustafa Balel, Turkish author and translator
  • 1945 – Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Yemeni general and politician, 2nd President of Yemen
  • 1945 – Scott Spencer, American author and academic
  • 1946Barry Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1946 – Shalom Hanoch, Israeli rock singer, lyricist and composer
  • 1946 – Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean soldier and politician, 9th President of South Korea (d. 2009)
  • 1947Al Green, American lawyer and politician
  • 1947 – P. A. Sangma, Indian lawyer and politician, 11th Speaker of the Lok Sabha (d. 2016)
  • 1948Greg Errico, American drummer and producer
  • 1948 – Alastair Redfern, English bishop
  • 1948 – Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher (d. 2011)
  • 1948 – Russ Kunkel, American drummer and producer
  • 1949Garry Maddox, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Alasdair McDonnell, Irish physician and politician
  • 1950Mikhail Fradkov, Russian politician, 36th Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1950 – Phillip Fulmer, American football player and coach
  • 1950 – Phil McGraw, American psychologist, author, and talk show host
  • 1951David Bairstow, English cricketer and sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1951 – Nicu Ceaușescu, Romanian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1952Manuel Piñero, Spanish golfer
  • 1953Don Blackman, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Joseph Williams, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1954Richard Burden, English politician
  • 1954 – Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955Bruce Foxton, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1956Vinnie Johnson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Bernie Wagenblast, American publisher, founded the Transportation Communications Newsletter
  • 1957Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1957 – Duško Ivanović, Montenegrin basketball player and coach
  • 1959Keith Clearwater, American golfer
  • 1959 – Mike Duxbury, English footballer
  • 1959 – Kenny Mayne, American football player and journalist
  • 1959Joe Jusko, American illustrator and painter
  • 1960Ralf Außem, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Karl Mecklenburg, American football player
  • 1960 – Michael Saward, Australian theorist and academic
  • 1961Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1961 – Jeremy Farrar, British academic and educator; director of the Wellcome Trust
  • 1961 – Christopher Ferguson, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1961 – Boney James, American saxophonist, composer, and producer
  • 1962Tony Cascarino, English-Irish footballer
  • 1962 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963Stephen Kernahan, Australian footballer
  • 1964Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Holly Golightly, American author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Charlie Robison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965Tibor Simon, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2002)
  • 1966Tim Hardaway, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Ken Levine, American video game designer, co-founded Irrational Games
  • 1967David Whissell, Canadian engineer and politician
  • 1969Henning Berg, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1970David Fairleigh, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Padma Lakshmi, Indian-American actress and author
  • 1971Joe Enochs, American soccer player and manager
  • 1971 – Yoshitaka Hirota, Japanese bass player and composer
  • 1971 – Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer and politician
  • 1973J.D. Fortune, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Rieko Miura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1973 – Simon Shaw, English rugby player
  • 1973 – Zach Thomas, American football player
  • 1974Jason Taylor, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Yutaka Yamamoto, Japanese director and producer, founded Ordet Animation Studio
  • 1974Jhonen Vasquez, American writer, director, cartoonist, and comic illustrator
  • 1975Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – James Innes, English entrepreneur and author
  • 1975 – Nomy Lamm, American singer-songwriter and activist
  • 1975 – Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Scott Speedman, English-Canadian actor
  • 1976Babydaddy, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1976 – Marcos Ambrose, Australian race car driver
  • 1976 – Clare Connor, English cricketer
  • 1976 – Érik Morales, Mexican boxer
  • 1976 – Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977David Albelda, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Raffaele Giammaria, Italian race car driver
  • 1977 – Arsalan Iftikhar, American lawyer and author
  • 1977 – Aaron Schobel, American football player
  • 1978Max Vieri, Australian-Italian footballer
  • 1980Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Riggott, English footballer
  • 1981Clinton Portis, American football player
  • 1981 – Adam Quick, Australian basketball player
  • 1982Jeffrey Buttle, Canadian figure skater
  • 1982 – Paul Dumbrell, Australian race car driver
  • 1982 – Ryan Gomes, American basketball player
  • 1983Iñaki Lejarreta, Spanish cyclist (d. 2012)
  • 1983 – José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Jeff Woywitka, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984László Köteles, Hungarian footballer
  • 1984 – Nick Noble, American football player
  • 1984 – Rod Pelley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Joe Trohman, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1985Larsen Jensen, American swimmer
  • 1986Anthony Allen, English rugby player
  • 1986 – Gaël Monfils, French tennis player
  • 1986 – Stella Mwangi, Kenyan-Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1987Dann Hume, New Zealand singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1987 – Leonel Suárez, Cuban decathlete
  • 1987 – Mats Zuccarello, Norwegian ice hockey player
  • 1988Simona de Silvestro, Swiss race car driver
  • 1988 – Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Mushfiqur Rahim, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1989Astrid Besser, Italian tennis player
  • 1989 – Bill Kaulitz, German singer-songwriter and voice actor
  • 1989 – Jefferson Montero, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1989 – Daniel Sturridge, English footballer
  • 1990Stanislav Tecl, Czech footballer
  • 1991Rhys Bennett, English footballer
  • 1991Angélica Kvieczynski, Brazilian gymnast
  • 1992Cristiano Biraghi, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Kirani James, Grenadian sprinter
  • 1994Bianca Ryan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1994 – Anna Smolina, Russian tennis player
  • 1995Nathan MacKinnon, Canadian ice hockey player

Deaths

  • 1067Baldwin V, Count of Flanders (b. 1012)
  • 1081 – Bishop Eusebius of Angers
  • 1159Pope Adrian IV (b. 1100)
  • 1215Otto, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1256Kujō Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
  • 1327Foulques de Villaret, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
  • 1339Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1305)
  • 1376Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans (b. 1336)
  • 1414William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros, English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1369)
  • 1557Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (b. 1491)
  • 1581Guru Ram Das, Sikh 4th of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism (b. 1534)
  • 1600Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (b. 1525)
  • 1615Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and jurist (b. 1529)
  • 1648Marin Mersenne, French mathematician, theologian, and philosopher (b. 1588)
  • 1678Jan Brueghel the Younger, Flemish painter (b. 1601)
  • 1685Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer, jurist, and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1625)
  • 1687Henry More, English priest and philosopher (b. 1614)
  • 1715François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • 1715 – Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1818Robert Calder, Scottish admiral (b. 1745)
  • 1838William Clark, American soldier, explorer, and politician, 4th Governor of Missouri Territory (b. 1770)
  • 1839Izidor Guzmics, Hungarian theologian and educator (b. 1786)
  • 1868Ferenc Gyulay, Hungarian-Austrian commander and politician (b. 1799)
  • 1922Samu Pecz, Hungarian architect and academic (b. 1854)
  • 1930Peeter Põld, Estonian scientist and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1878)
  • 1943Charles Atangana, Cameroonian ruler (b. 1880)
  • 1947Frederick Russell Burnham, American soldier and adventurer (b. 1861)
  • 1953Bernard O'Dowd, Australian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1866)
  • 1957Dennis Brain, English horn player (b. 1921)
  • 1967Siegfried Sassoon, English captain and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1969Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1970François Mauriac, French novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1971Alan Brown, English soldier (b. 1909)
  • 1974Gerd Neggo, Estonian dancer, dance teacher, and choreographer (b. 1891)
  • 1977Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (b. 1896)
  • 1981Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1981 – Albert Speer, German architect and author (b. 1905)
  • 1982Haskell Curry, American mathematician and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Władysław Gomułka, Polish activist and politician (b. 1905)
  • 1983Henry M. Jackson, American lawyer and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Larry McDonald, American physician and politician (b. 1935)
  • 1985Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (b. 1957)
  • 1986Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1989A. Bartlett Giamatti, American businessman and academic (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Kazimierz Deyna, Polish footballer (b. 1947)
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer (b. 1894)
  • 1990Seub Nakhasathien, Thai environmentalist (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Edwin O. Reischauer, American scholar and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (b. 1910)
  • 1991Otl Aicher, German graphic designer and typographer (b. 1922)
  • 1997Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1998Józef Krupiński, Polish poet and author (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer and sportscaster (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Osman F. Seden, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1999W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist and author (b. 1951)
  • 2003Rand Brooks, American actor and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Terry Frost, English painter and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2004Ahmed Kuftaro, Syrian religious leader, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Alastair Morton, South African businessman (b. 1938)
  • 2005R. L. Burnside, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Thanos Leivaditis, Greek actor and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2006György Faludy, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Warren Mitofsky, American journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Bob O'Connor, American businessman and politician, 57th Mayor of Pittsburgh (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Kyffin Williams, Welsh painter and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2007Roy McKenzie, New Zealand horse racer and philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2008Thomas J. Bata, Czech-Canadian businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Jerry Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Oded Schramm, Israeli-American mathematician and academic (b. 1961)
  • 2010Wakanohana Kanji I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 45th Yokozuna (b. 1928)
  • 2012Sean Bergin, South African saxophonist, flute player, and composer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Hal David, American songwriter and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Smarck Michel, Haitian businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – William Petzäll, Swedish politician (b. 1988)
  • 2012 – Arnaldo Putzu, Italian illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2013Ignacio Eizaguirre, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Gordon Steege, Australian soldier (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Margaret Mary Vojtko, American linguist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Ken Wallis, English commander and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2014Ahmed Abdi Godane, Somali militant leader (b. 1977)
  • 2014 – Rogers McKee, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Maya Rao, Indian dancer and choreographer (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Joseph Shivers, American chemist and academic, developed spandex (b. 1920)
  • 2015Gurgen Dalibaltayan, Armenian general (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Dean Jones, American actor and singer (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Richard G. Hewlett, American historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Ben Kuroki, American sergeant and pilot (b. 1917)

Holidays and observances

  • Anniversary of the Start of the Armed Struggle (Eritrea)
  • Christian feast day:
    • David Pendleton Oakerhater (Anglican Communion)
    • Giles
    • The beginning of the new liturgical year (Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Church)
    • September 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Slovakia)
  • Disaster Prevention Day (Japan)
  • Earliest day on which Father's Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in September. (Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea)
  • Earliest day on which Labor Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in September. (Canada, United States, Palau)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher's Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Friday in September. (Singapore)
  • First day of school in many countries in Asia, Europe and the Americas.
  • Flag Day (Honduras)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uzbekistan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Journalist Day (Taiwan)
  • Knowledge Day (Russia, Ukraine and Armenia)
  • Random Acts of Kindness Day (International observance)
  • Veteran's Day (Poland)
  • Wattle Day (Australia)

External links

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