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Events

  • 768Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned kings of the Franks.
  • 1238James I of Aragon founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
  • 1410 – The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
  • 1446 – The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
  • 1594 – Troops of the Portuguese Empire are defeated on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
  • 1604Supernova 1604 is sighted, the most recent supernova to be observed within the Milky Way.
  • 1635Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after religious and policy disagreements.
  • 1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1740 – Dutch colonists and Javanese natives begin massacring the ethnic Chinese population in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000.
  • 1760 – Seven Years' War: Russian and Austrian troops briefly occupy Berlin.
  • 1790 – A severe earthquake in northern Algeria causes severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea and kills three thousand.
  • 1799Template:HMS sinks with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
  • 1804Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1806 – Prussia begins the War of the Fourth Coalition against France.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: Template:HMS and Template:HMS.
  • 1820Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
  • 1824Slavery in Latin America: Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
  • 1825Restauration arrives in New York Harbor from Norway, the first organized immigration from Norway to the United States.
  • 1831Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece, is assassinated.
  • 1834 – Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.
  • 1847Slavery in the British and French Caribbean: Slavery is abolished in Saint Barthélemy.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: The siege of Sevastopol begins.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union cavalrymen defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
  • 1873 – A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1874 – The Universal Postal Union is created by the Treaty of Bern.
  • 1900 – The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.
  • 1907Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
  • 1911 – An accidental bomb explosion triggers the Wuchang Uprising against the Chinese monarchy.
  • 1913 – The steamship Template:SS catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Siege of Antwerp comes to an end.
  • 1918 – The Finnish Parliament offers to Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse the throne of a short-lived Kingdom of Finland.
  • 1919 – The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series, resulting in the Black Sox Scandal.
  • 1934 – An Ustashe assassin kills King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France, in Marseille.
  • 1936 – Boulder Dam (later Hoover Dam) begins to generate electricity and transmit it to Los Angeles.
  • 1937Murder of 9 Catholic priests in Zhengding, China, who protected the local population from the advancing Japanese army.
  • 1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 – Australia's Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1942 receives royal assent.
  • 1950 – The Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre in Korea begins.
  • 1962Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
  • 1962 – A visible light-emitting diode (LED) is first demonstrated in Syracuse, New York.
  • 1963 – In Italy, a large landslide a causes a giant wave to overtop the Vajont Dam, killing over 2,000.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: South Korean troops commit the Binh Tai Massacre.
  • 1967 – A day after his capture, Ernesto "Che" Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
  • 1969 – In Chicago, the National Guard is called in as demonstrations continue over the trial of the "Chicago Eight".
  • 1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
  • 1980Pope John Paul II greets the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.
  • 1981 – President François Mitterrand abolishes capital punishment in France.
  • 1983 – South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan survives an assassination attempt in Rangoon, Burma (present-day Yangon, Myanmar), but the blast kills 21 and injures 17 others.
  • 1986The Phantom of the Opera, eventually the second longest running musical in London, opens at Her Majesty's Theatre.
  • 1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
  • 2003Mission: Space opens to the public in Walt Disney World.
  • 2006 – North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.
  • 2009 – First lunar impact of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
  • 2012 – Pakistani Taliban attempt to assassinate outspoken schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai.
  • 2016 – The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army launches its first attack on Myanmar security forces along the Bangladesh–Myanmar border.
  • 2019 – Turkey begins its military offensive in north-eastern Syria.

Births

  • 1201Robert de Sorbon, French minister and theologian, founded the Collège de Sorbonne (d. 1274)
  • 1221Salimbene di Adam, Italian historian and scholar (d. 1290)
  • 1261Denis of Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328Peter I of Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1581Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician, poet, and scholar (d. 1638)
  • 1586Leopold V, Archduke of Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1593Nicolaes Tulp, Dutch anatomist and politician (d. 1674)
  • 1609Thomas Weston, 4th Earl of Portland, English noble (d. 1688)
  • 1623Ferdinand Verbiest, Flemish Jesuit missionary in China (d. 1688)
  • 1704Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757Charles X of France (d. 1836)
  • 1796Joseph Bonomi the Younger, British Egyptologist and sculptor (d. 1878)
  • 1835Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer and conductor (d. 1921)
  • 1837Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1840Simeon Solomon, English painter (d. 1905)
  • 1845Carl Gustav Thulin, Swedish shipowner (d. 1918)
  • 1850Hermann von Ihering, German-Brazilian zoologist (d. 1930)
  • 1852Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1858Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (d. 1935)
  • 1859Alfred Dreyfus, French colonel (d. 1935)
  • 1863Edward Bok, Dutch-American journalist and author (d. 1930)
  • 1864Reginald Dyer, British brigadier general (d. 1927)
  • 1871Georges Gauthier, Canadian archbishop (d. 1940)
  • 1873Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Karl Schwarzschild, German physicist and astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist and businessman, founded Walgreens (d. 1939)
  • 1874Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist and painter (d. 1947)
  • 1877Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1928)
  • 1879Max von Laue, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1880Charlie Faust, American baseball player (d. 1915)
  • 1883Maria Filotti, Greek-Romanian actress (d. 1956)
  • 1886Rube Marquard, American baseball player and manager (d. 1980)
  • 1888Nikolai Bukharin, Russian journalist and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Irving Cummings, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1890Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (d. 1944)
  • 1892Ivo Andrić, Yugoslav novelist, poet, and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1893Mário de Andrade, Brazilian author, poet, and photographer (d. 1945)
  • 1897M. Bhaktavatsalam, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th Chief Minister of Madras State (d. 1987)
  • 1898Tawfiq al-Hakim, Egyptian author and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Joe Sewell, American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame (d. 1990)
  • 1899Bruce Catton, American historian and author (d. 1978)
  • 1900Joseph Friedman, American inventor, invented the bendy straw (d. 1982)
  • 1900 – Alastair Sim, Scottish-English actor and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Joseph Zubin, Lithuanian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1901Alice Lee Jemison, Seneca political activist and journalist (d. 1964)
  • 1902Freddie Young, English cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1903Walter O'Malley, American lawyer and businessman (d. 1979)
  • 1906J. R. Eyerman, American photographer and journalist (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and politician, 1st President of Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1907Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Jacques Tati, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Horst Wessel, German SA officer (d. 1930)
  • 1908Harry Hooton, Australian poet and critic (d. 1961)
  • 1908 – Werner von Haeften, German lieutenant (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Lee Wiley, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1909Donald Coggan, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1911Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1914Edward Andrews, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1915Clifford M. Hardin, American academic and politician, 17th United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Belva Plain, American author (d. 2010)
  • 1918E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer and author (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Charles Read, Australian air marshal (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Bebo Valdés, Cuban-Swedish pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1920Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Yusef Lateef, American saxophonist, composer, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jason Wingreen, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1921Michel Boisrond, French director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1922Léon Dion, Canadian political scientist and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Philip "Fyvush" Finkel, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer (d. 2010)
  • 1923Donald Sinden, English actor (d. 2014)
  • 1924Immanuvel Devendrar, Indian soldier (d. 1957)
  • 1924 – Arnie Risen, American basketball player (d. 2012)[1]
  • 1926Danièle Delorme, French actress and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1927John Margetson, English scholar and diplomat, British Ambassador to the Netherlands
  • 1928Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1930Hank Lauricella, American football player, lieutenant, and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1931Tony Booth, English actor (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – Homer Smith, American football player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1932Robert McBain, English actor and photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1933Peter Mansfield, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Bill Tidy, English soldier and cartoonist
  • 1934Jill Ker Conway, Australian historian and author (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Abdullah Ibrahim, South African pianist and composer
  • 1935Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
  • 1935 – Don McCullin, English photographer and journalist
  • 1936Brian Blessed, English actor
  • 1936 – Mick Young, Australian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1938Heinz Fischer, Austrian academic and politician, 11th President of Austria
  • 1938 – John Sutherland, English journalist, author, and academic
  • 1939Nicholas Grimshaw, English architect and academic
  • 1939 – John Pilger, Australian-English journalist, director, and producer
  • 1939 – Stephen Sedley, English lawyer and judge
  • 1939 – O. V. Wright, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1940Gordon J. Humphrey, American soldier, pilot, and politician
  • 1940 – John Lennon, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Joe Pepitone, American baseball player and coach
  • 1941Brian Lamb, American broadcaster, founded C-SPAN
  • 1941 – Trent Lott, American lawyer and politician
  • 1941 – Omali Yeshitela, political activist and founder of the Uhuru Movement
  • 1942Michael Palmer, American physician and author (d. 2013)
  • 1943Douglas Kirby, American psychologist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Jimmy Montgomery, English footballer and coach
  • 1943 – Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • 1944Rita Donaghy, Baroness Donaghy, English academic and politician
  • 1944 – John Entwistle, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Nona Hendryx, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945Taiguara, Uruguayan-Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1945 – Amjad Ali Khan, Indian classical Sarod player
  • 1947John Doubleday, English sculptor and painter
  • 1947 – France Gall, French singer (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – William E. McAnulty Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Tony Zappone, American photographer and journalist
  • 1948Jackson Browne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – John Gray, English cricketer and rugby player
  • 1949Rod Temperton, English keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1949 – Mark Hopkinson, American mass murderer (d. 1992)
  • 1950Brian Downing, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Yoshiyuki Konishi, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1950 – Reichi Nakaido, Japanese singer and guitarist
  • 1950 – Jody Williams, American academic and activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1952Simon Drew, English illustrator
  • 1952 – Sharon Osbourne, English television host and manager
  • 1952 – John Rose, English businessman
  • 1952 – Dennis Stratton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953Sally Burgess, South African-English soprano and educator
  • 1953 – Hank Pfister, American tennis player
  • 1953 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor and producer
  • 1954Scott Bakula, American actor
  • 1954 – James Fearnley, English musician
  • 1954 – John O'Hurley, American actor and game show host
  • 1954 – Rubén Magnano, Argentine-Italian professional basketball coach
  • 1955Linwood Boomer, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Steve Ovett, English runner and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Peter Saville, English graphic designer and art director
  • 1957Don Garber, American businessman
  • 1957 – Ini Kamoze, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1958Al Jourgensen, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Alan Nunnelee, American lawyer and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1958 – Mike Singletary, American football player and coach
  • 1959Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2015)
  • 1960Kenny Garrett, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1961Julian Bailey, English race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Kurt Neumann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Ellen Wheeler, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1962Jorge Burruchaga, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Paul Radisich, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1962 – Hugh Robertson, English soldier and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1962 – Ōnokuni Yasushi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 62nd Yokozuna
  • 1963Andy Platt, English rugby league player
  • 1964Guillermo del Toro, Mexican-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965Jimbo Fisher, American football player and coach
  • 1966David Cameron, English politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1966 – Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher, founded Plaza Magazine
  • 1967Carling Bassett-Seguso, Canadian tennis player
  • 1967 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1967 – Gheorghe Popescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1968Anbumani Ramadoss, Indian politician
  • 1969Guto Bebb, Welsh businessman and politician
  • 1969 – Darren Britt, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Simon Fairweather, Australian archer
  • 1969 – PJ Harvey, English musician, singer-songwriter, writer, poet, and composer
  • 1969 – Christine Hough, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1969 – Giles Martin, English songwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Steve McQueen, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970Kenny Anderson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970 – Steve Jablonsky, American composer
  • 1970 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer and architect
  • 1971Wayne Bartrim, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1973Fabio Lione, Italian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1974Shmuel Herzfeld, American rabbi
  • 1975Haylie Ecker, Australian violinist
  • 1975 – Sean Lennon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Mark Viduka, Australian footballer
  • 1976William Alexander, American author and educator
  • 1976 – Lee Peacock, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Özlem Türköne, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1976 – Nick Swardson, American actor and comedian
  • 1977Emanuele Belardi, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Brian Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1978Nicky Byrne, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Juan Dixon, American basketball player and coach
  • 1979Vernon Fox, American football player and coach
  • 1979 – Alex Greenwald, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979 – Todd Kelly, Australian race car driver
  • 1979 – Chris O'Dowd, Irish actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Brandon Routh, American model and actor
  • 1979 – Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1980Lucy Akello, Ugandan social worker and politician
  • 1980 – Filip Bobek, Polish actor
  • 1980 – Pāvels Doroševs, Latvian football goalkeeper
  • 1980 – Kert Kütt, Estonian footballer
  • 1980 – Amir Nussbaum, Israeli footballer
  • 1980 – Ibrahim Fazeel, Maldivian footballer
  • 1980 – Sarah Lovell, Australian politician
  • 1980 – Fábio Pinto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Thami Tsolekile, South African cricketer
  • 1980 – Warren Waugh, English footballer
  • 1980 – Henrik Zetterberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981Zachery Ty Bryan, American actor
  • 1981 – Darius Miles, American basketball player
  • 1983Stephen Gionta, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Farhaan Behardien, South African cricketer
  • 1983 – Jang Mi-ran, South Korean weightlifter
  • 1983 – Andreas Zuber, Austrian race car driver
  • 1985David Plummer, American swimmer
  • 1986Derek Holland, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Laure Manaudou, French swimmer
  • 1986 – Stephane Zubar, French footballer
  • 1987Samantha Murray, English tennis player
  • 1987 – Bill Walker, American basketball player
  • 1988David Tyrrell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989Russell Packer, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1990Kevin Kampl, German-Slovene footballer
  • 1991Tyson Frizell, Australian-Welsh rugby league player
  • 1992Tyler James Williams, American actor and rapper
  • 1993Ani Amiraghyan, Armenian tennis player
  • 1993 – Lauren Davis, American tennis player
  • 1993 – Jayden Hodges, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Scotty McCreery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1993 – Wesley So, Filipino-American chess grandmaster
  • 1996Bella Hadid, American model
  • 2001Kyla Leibel, Canadian swimmer[2]

Deaths

  • 680Ghislain, Frankish anchorite and saint
  • 892Al-Tirmidhi, Persian scholar and hadith compiler (b. 824)
  • 1047Pope Clement II
  • 1212Philip I of Namur, Marquis of Namur (b. 1175)
  • 1253Robert Grosseteste, English bishop and philosopher (b. 1175)
  • 1273Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany (b. 1227)
  • 1296Louis III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1269)
  • 1390John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1555Justus Jonas, German academic and reformer (b. 1493)
  • 1562Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist and physician (b. 1523)
  • 1569Vladimir of Staritsa (b. 1533)
  • 1581Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1526)
  • 1613Henry Constable, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1619Joseph Pardo, Italian rabbi and merchant (b. 1561)
  • 1691William Sacheverell, English politician (b. 1638)
  • 1729Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (b. 1654)
  • 1793Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary and linguist (b. 1718)
  • 1797Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi and scholar (b. 1720)
  • 1806Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731)
  • 1808John Claiborne, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1831Ioannis Kapodistrias, Russian-Greek lawyer and politician, Governor of Greece (b. 1776)
  • 1873George Ormerod, English historian and author (b. 1785)
  • 1897Jan Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1818)
  • 1900Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1843)
  • 1911Jack Daniel, American businessman, founded Jack Daniel's (b. 1849)[3]
  • 1924Valery Bryusov, Russian author, poet, and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of Yugoslavia also known as Alexander the Unifier (b. 1888)
  • 1934Louis Barthou, French union leader and politician, 78th Prime Minister of France (b. 1862)
  • 1937Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (b. 1868)
  • 1940Wilfred Grenfell, English-American physician and missionary (b. 1865)
  • 1941Helen Morgan, American singer and actress (b. 1900)
  • 1943Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1945Gottlieb Hering, German captain (b. 1887)
  • 1946Frank Castleman, American football player, baseball player, and coach (b. 1877)
  • 1947Yukio Sakurauchi, Japanese businessman and politician, 27th Japanese Minister of Finance (b. 1888)
  • 1950George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1953James Finlayson, Scottish-American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1955Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal (b. 1875)
  • 1956Marie Doro, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1958Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
  • 1959Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and biologist (b. 1892)
  • 1962Milan Vidmar, Slovenian chess player and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1967Che Guevara, Argentinian-Cuban physician, politician and guerrilla leader (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1967 – André Maurois, French soldier and author (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness trainer, developed Pilates (b. 1883)
  • 1969Don Hoak, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 1972Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1974Oskar Schindler, Czech-German businessman (b. 1908)
  • 1975Noon Meem Rashid, Pakistani poet (b. 1910)
  • 1976Walter Warlimont, German general (b. 1894)
  • 1978Jacques Brel, Belgian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1982Herbert Meinhard Mühlpfordt, German historian and physician (b. 1893)
  • 1985Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Brazilian general and politician, 28th President of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1987Clare Boothe Luce, American author, playwright, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – William P. Murphy, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1988Felix Wankel, German engineer, invented the Wankel engine (b. 1902)
  • 1989Yusuf Atılgan, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 1995Alec Douglas-Home, British cricketer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903)
  • 1996Walter Kerr, American author, composer, and critic (b. 1913)
  • 1999Milt Jackson, American vibraphone player and composer (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani economist and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2000David Dukes, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2000 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Indian-Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1918)
  • 2001Herbert Ross, American director, producer, and choreographer (b. 1927)
  • 2002Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Charles Guggenheim, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2003Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Carl Fontana, American jazz trombonist (b. 1928)
  • 2004Jacques Derrida, Algerian-French philosopher and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2005Louis Nye, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2006Danièle Huillet, French filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – Kanshi Ram, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007Enrico Banducci, American businessman, founded hungry i (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Carol Bruce, American actress and singer (b. 1919)
  • 2009Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – John Daido Loori, American Zen Buddhist monastic and teacher (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Horst Szymaniak, German footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2010Maurice Allais, French economist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2011Pavel Karelin, Russian ski jumper (b. 1989)
  • 2012Sammi Kane Kraft, American actress (b. 1992)
  • 2012 – Kenny Rollins, American basketball player (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Harris Savides, American cinematographer (b. 1957)
  • 2013Solomon Lar, Nigerian educator and politician, 4th Governor of Plateau State (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Srihari, Indian actor
  • 2013 – Wilfried Martens, Belgian lawyer and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Edmund Niziurski, Polish sociologist, lawyer, and author (b. 1925)
  • 2014Boris Buzančić, Croatian actor and politician, 47th Mayor of Zagreb (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedienne (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (b. 1936)
  • 2015Ray Duncan, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Geoffrey Howe, Welsh lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director (b. 1944)
  • 2016Andrzej Wajda, Polish film and theatre director (b. 1926)
  • 2017Jean Rochefort, French actor[4] (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abraham
    • Denis
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Ghislain
    • Innocencio of Mary Immaculate and Martyrs of Asturias
    • Blessed John Henry Newman
    • John Leonardi
    • Luis Beltran
    • Robert Grosseteste (Church of England)
    • Wilfred Grenfell (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • October 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Fire Prevention Day (Canada, United States)
  • Hangul Day (South Korea)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uganda from United Kingdom in 1962. (Uganda)
  • Independence of Guayaquil from Spain in 1820 (Ecuador)
  • Leif Erikson Day (United States, Iceland and Norway)
  • National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust (Romania)
  • National Nanotechnology Day (United States)
  • Takayama Autumn Festival (Takayama, Japan)
  • World Post Day

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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