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Events

  • 314 – Constantine I defeats Roman Emperor Licinius, who loses his European territories.[1]
  • 451 – The first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins.
  • 876 – Frankish forces led by Louis the Younger prevent a West Frankish invasion and defeat emperor Charles II ("the Bald").
  • 1075Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia.
  • 1200Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England.
  • 1322Mladen II Šubić of Bribir is deposed as the Croatian Ban after the Battle of Bliska.
  • 1480 – The Great stand on the Ugra river puts an end to Tartar rule over Moscow
  • 1573 – End of the Spanish siege of Alkmaar, the first Dutch victory in the Eighty Years' War.
  • 1645Jeanne Mance open the first lay hospital in North America.
  • 1813 – The Treaty of Ried is signed between Bavaria and Austria.
  • 1821 – The Peruvian Navy is established during the War of Independence.
  • 1829 – Stephenson's Rocket wins the Rainhill Trials.
  • 1856 – The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Confederate invasion of Kentucky is halted at the Battle of Perryville.
  • 1871Slash-and-burn land management, months of drought, and the passage of a strong cold front cause the Peshtigo Fire, the Great Chicago Fire and the Great Michigan Fires to break out.[2]
  • 1879 – War of the Pacific: The Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos.
  • 1895 – Korean Empress Myeongseong is assassinated by Japanese infiltrators.
  • 1912 – The First Balkan War begins when Montenegro declares war against the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918World War I: Corporal Alvin C. York kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132 for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 1921KDKA in Pittsburgh's Forbes Field conducts the first live broadcast of a football game.
  • 1939World War II: Germany annexes western Poland.
  • 1941 – World War II: During the preliminaries of the Battle of Rostov, German forces reach the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
  • 1943 – World War II: Around 30 civilians are executed by Friedrich Schubert's paramilitary group in Kallikratis, Crete.
  • 1944 – World War II: Captain Bobbie Brown earns a Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Crucifix Hill, just outside Aachen.
  • 1952 – The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.
  • 1956 – The New York Yankees's Don Larsen pitches the only perfect game in a World Series.
  • 1962Der Spiegel publishes an article disclosing the sorry state of the Bundeswehr, and is soon accused of treason.
  • 1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
  • 1969 – The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago.
  • 1970Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize in literature.
  • 1973Yom Kippur War: Israel loses more than 150 tanks in a failed attack on Egyptian-occupied positions.
  • 1973 – Spyros Markezinis begins his 48-day term as prime minister in an abortive attempt to lead Greece to parliamentary rule.
  • 1974Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it is the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1978 – Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
  • 1982 – Poland bans Solidarity and all other trade unions.
  • 1982 – Cats opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
  • 1990Second Intifada: Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock.
  • 1991 – Upon the expiration of the Brioni Agreement, Croatia and Slovenia sever all official relations with Yugoslavia.
  • 2001 – A twin engine Cessna and a Scandinavian Airlines System jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy, killing 118 people.
  • 2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
  • 2005 – The 7.6 Template:M Kashmir earthquake leaves 86,000–87,351 people dead, 69,000–75,266 injured, and 2.8 million homeless.
  • 2014Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person in the United States to be diagnosed with Ebola, dies.
  • 2016 – In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to nearly 900.
  • 2019 – About 200 Extinction Rebellion activists block the gates of Leinster House (parliament) in the Republic of Ireland.[3]

Births

  • 319 BCPyrrhus of Epirus (d. 272 BC)
  • 1150Narapatisithu, king of Burma (d. 1211)
  • 1515Margaret Douglas, daughter of Archibald Douglas (d. 1578)
  • 1551Giulio Caccini, Italian composer (d. 1618)
  • 1553Jacques Auguste de Thou, French historian (d. 1617)
  • 1585Heinrich Schütz, German organist and composer (d. 1672)
  • 1609John Clarke, English physician (d. 1676)
  • 1676Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish monk and scholar (d. 1764)
  • 1713Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and author (d. 1793)
  • 1715Michel Benoist, French scientist and missionary (d. 1774)
  • 1747Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician (d. 1807)
  • 1753Princess Sophia Albertina of Sweden (d. 1829)
  • 1765Harman Blennerhassett, English-Irish lawyer and politician (d. 1831)
  • 1789John Ruggles, American lawyer and politician (d. 1874)
  • 1789 – William John Swainson, English-New Zealand ornithologist and entomologist (d. 1855)
  • 1807Harriet Taylor Mill, English philosopher and activist (d. 1858)
  • 1818John Henninger Reagan, American judge and politician, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1905)
  • 1834Walter Kittredge, American violinist and composer (d. 1905)
  • 1838John Hay, American diplomat, private secretary to Abraham Lincoln, 37th United States Secretary of State (d. 1905)
  • 1845Salomon Kalischer, German pianist, composer, and physicist (d. 1924)
  • 1847Rose Scott, Australian activist (d. 1925)
  • 1848Pierre De Geyter, Belgian composer (d. 1932)
  • 1850Henry Louis Le Châtelier, French chemist and academic (d. 1936)
  • 1860John D. Batten, British painter, printmaker and illustrator (d.1932)
  • 1863Edythe Chapman, American actress (d. 1948)
  • 1864Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1870Louis Vierne, French organist and composer (d. 1937)
  • 1872Mary Engle Pennington, American bacteriological chemist and refrigeration engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1873Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish chemist and astronomer (d. 1967)
  • 1873 – Alexey Shchusev, Russian architect and academic, designed Lenin's Mausoleum (d. 1949)
  • 1875Laurence Doherty, English tennis player and golfer (d. 1919)
  • 1876Frederick Montague, 1st Baron Amwell, English lieutenant and politician (d. 1966)
  • 1877Hans Heysen, German-Australian painter (d. 1968)
  • 1879Huntley Gordon, Canadian-American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1882Harry McClintock, American singer-songwriter and poet (d. 1957)
  • 1883Dick Burnett, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1977)
  • 1883 – Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1884Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)
  • 1887Ping Bodie, American baseball player (d. 1961)
  • 1887 – Donie Bush, American baseball player, manager, and team owner (d. 1972)
  • 1888Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist and author (d. 1964)
  • 1889R. Fraser Armstrong, Canadian engineer (d. 1983)
  • 1889 – Collett E. Woolman, American businessman, co-founded Delta Air Lines (d. 1966)
  • 1890Snuffy Browne, Barbadian cricketer (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (d. 1971)
  • 1892Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1893Clarence Williams, American pianist and composer (d. 1965)
  • 1895Zog I of Albania (d. 1961)
  • 1895 – Juan Perón, Argentinian general and politician, 29th President of Argentina (d. 1974)
  • 1896Julien Duvivier, French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1897Rouben Mamoulian, Georgian-American director and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Marcel Herrand, French actor (d. 1953)
  • 1901Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer and theorist (d. 1977)
  • 1901 – Mark Oliphant, Australian physicist, humanitarian and politician, Governor of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • 1903Georgy Geshev, Bulgarian chess player (d. 1937)
  • 1904Yves Giraud-Cabantous, French race car driver (d. 1973)
  • 1907Richard Sharpe Shaver, American author and illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1908Ezekias Papaioannou, Greek-Cypriot politician (d. 1988)
  • 1910Kirk Alyn, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Paulette Dubost, French actress (d. 2011)
  • 1910 – Gus Hall, American soldier and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Helmut Kallmeyer, German chemist and soldier (d. 2006)
  • 1910 – Ray Lewis, Canadian runner (d. 2003)
  • 1913Robert R. Gilruth, American pilot and engineer (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Marios Makrionitis, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Athens (d. 1959)
  • 1917Billy Conn, American boxer (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Walter Lord, American historian and author (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1976)
  • 1917 – Rodney Robert Porter, English biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1918Halfdan Hegtun, Norwegian radio host and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Jens Christian Skou, Danish chemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1919Jack McGrath, American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1919 – Kiichi Miyazawa, Japanese politician, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1920Frank Herbert, American journalist, photographer, and author (d. 1986)
  • 1921Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino lawyer and jurist (d. 2010)
  • 1922Nils Liedholm, Swedish footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Herbert B. Leonard, American production manager and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1924Alphons Egli, Swiss lawyer and politician, 77th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Aloísio Lorscheider, Brazilian cardinal (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Thirunalloor Karunakaran, Indian poet and scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – John Nelder, English mathematician and statistician (d. 2010)
  • 1925Álvaro Magaña, Salvadoran economist and politician, President of El Salvador (d. 2001)
  • 1926Raaj Kumar, Pakistani-Indian police officer and actor (d. 1996)
  • 1927Jim Elliot, American missionary and translator (d. 1956)
  • 1927 – César Milstein, Argentinian-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1928Didi, Brazilian footballer and manager (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – M. Russell Ballard, American lieutenant and religious leader
  • 1928 – Neil Harvey, Australian cricketer
  • 1928 – Bill Maynard, English actor (d. 2018)
  • 1929Betty Boothroyd, English academic and politician, British Speaker of the House of Commons
  • 1930Pepper Adams, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1930 – Alasdair Milne, Indian-English director and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Faith Ringgold, American painter and activist
  • 1930 – Toru Takemitsu, Japanese composer and theorist (d. 1996)
  • 1931Bill Brown, Scottish-Canadian footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1932Ray Reardon, Welsh snooker player and police officer
  • 1934Kader Asmal, South African academic and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1934 – Gerry Hitchens, English footballer and manager (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – James Holshouser, American lawyer and politician, 68th Governor of North Carolina (d. 2013)
  • 1935Albert Roux, French-English chef
  • 1936Rona Barrett, American journalist and businesswoman
  • 1937Merle Park, British ballerina and educator
  • 1937 – Paul Schell, American lawyer and politician, 50th Mayor of Seattle (d. 2014)
  • 1938William Corlett, English author and playwright (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Walter Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey coach and author
  • 1938 – Fred Stolle, Australian-American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1938 – Bronislovas Lubys, Lithuanian businessman and politician, Prime Minister of Lithuania (d. 2011)
  • 1939Elvīra Ozoliņa, Latvian javelin thrower
  • 1939 – Harvey Pekar, American author and critic (d. 2010)
  • 1939 – Lynne Stewart, American lawyer and criminal
  • 1940Fred Cash, American soul singer
  • 1940 – Paul Hogan, Australian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1941Jesse Jackson, American minister and activist
  • 1941 – Shane Stevens, American author
  • 1941 – George Bellamy, English singer, guitarist, and producer
  • 1942Stanley Bates, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1943Chevy Chase, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – R. L. Stine, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1944Ed Kirkpatrick, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1944 – Susan Raye, American country music singer
  • 1946Hanan Ashrawi, Palestinian scholar, activist, and politician
  • 1946 – Jean-Jacques Beineix, French director and producer
  • 1946 – Dennis Kucinich, American journalist and politician, 53rd Mayor of Cleveland
  • 1946 – Bel Mooney, English journalist and author
  • 1946 – Jon Ekerold, South African motorcycle racer
  • 1947Richard Morris, English archaeologist, historian, and author
  • 1947 – Emiel Puttemans, Belgian runner
  • 1947 – Stephen Shore, American photographer and educator
  • 1947 – Bill Zorn, folk musician[4]
  • 1948Benjamin Cheever, American journalist and author
  • 1948 – Claude Jade, French actress (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Johnny Ramone, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1949Hamish Stuart, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – Sigourney Weaver, American actress and producer
  • 1950Robert "Kool" Bell, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1950 – Blake Morrison, English poet, author, and academic
  • 1951Jack O'Connell, American educator and politician
  • 1951 – Timo Salonen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1951 – Shannon C. Stimson, American philosopher, historian, and theorist
  • 1952Takis Koroneos, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1952 – Jan Marijnissen, Dutch journalist and politician
  • 1952 – Edward Zwick, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953Robert Saxton, English composer and educator
  • 1954Huub Rothengatter, Dutch race car driver and manager
  • 1955Bill Elliott, American race car driver
  • 1955 – Alain Ferté, French race car driver
  • 1955 – Darrell Hammond, American comedian and actor
  • 1955 – Paul Lennon, Australian politician, 42nd Premier of Tasmania
  • 1955 – Lonnie Pitchford, American singer and guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1956Jeff Lahti, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Janice E. Voss, American engineer and astronaut (d. 2012)
  • 1957Antonio Cabrini, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1958Steve Coll, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – Bret Lott, American journalist, author, and academic
  • 1958 – Ursula von der Leyen, Belgian-German physician and politician, Defense Minister of Germany
  • 1958 – Ruffin McNeill, American football player and coach
  • 1959Tommy Armour III, American golfer
  • 1959 – Nick Bakay, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Gavin Friday, Irish singer-songwriter, actor, and producer
  • 1959 – Erik Gundersen, Danish motorcycle racer
  • 1959 – Peter Horrocks, English journalist and producer
  • 1959 – Mike Morgan, American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American colonel and astronaut
  • 1959 – Daniel Ribacoff, Brazilian-American polygraph examiner
  • 1960Andrea Anastasi, Italian volleyball player and coach
  • 1960 – Reed Hastings, American businessman, co-founded Netflix
  • 1960 – Rano Karno, Indonesian actor and politician
  • 1960 – Ralf Minge, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – François Pérusse, Canadian singer-songwriter and comedian
  • 1960 – Mike Teague, English rugby player
  • 1961Steven Bernstein, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1961 – Jon Stevens, New Zealand-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Simon Burke, Australian actor and producer
  • 1961 – Ted Kooshian, American pianist and composer
  • 1962Richard Lintern, British actor
  • 1962 – Bruno Thiry, Belgian race car driver
  • 1962 – Chen Xiaoxia, Chinese diver
  • 1963Steve Perry, American ska singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964Jakob Arjouni, German author (d. 2013)
  • 1964 – Ian Hart, English actor
  • 1964 – CeCe Winans, American singer-songwriter
  • 1965Matt Biondi, American swimmer and coach
  • 1965 – Ardal O'Hanlon, Irish comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Harri Koskela, Finnish wrestler
  • 1965 – C. J. Ramone, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1966Art Barr, American wrestler (d. 1994)
  • 1966 – Karyn Parsons, American actress and producer
  • 1967Yvonne Reyes, Venezuelan television host and actress
  • 1967 – Teddy Riley, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1968Ali Benarbia, Algerian footballer
  • 1968 – Zvonimir Boban, Croatian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Emily Procter, American actress
  • 1968 – CL Smooth, American rapper and producer
  • 1968 – Leeroy Thornhill, English keyboard player and DJ
  • 1969Jeremy Davies, American actor
  • 1969 – Dylan Neal, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui, Congolese colonel
  • 1970 – Matt Damon, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Anne-Marie Duff, English actress
  • 1970 – Sadiq Khan, English lawyer and politician, Minister of State for Transport, Mayor of London
  • 1970 – Sisaundra Lewis, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura, Japanese video game designer and director
  • 1971Marc Ellis, New Zealand rugby player and television host
  • 1971 – David Gauke, English lawyer and politician
  • 1971 – Pınar Selek, Turkish sociologist, author, and academic
  • 1971 – Monty Williams, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972Terry Balsamo, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1972 – Stanislav Varga, Slovak footballer and manager
  • 1973Jim Fairchild, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Kari Korhonen, Finnish cartoonist
  • 1974Kevyn Adams, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974 – Fredrik Modin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Koji Murofushi, Japanese hammer thrower
  • 1976Karina Bacchi, Brazilian model and actress
  • 1976 – Galo Blanco, Spanish tennis player and coach
  • 1976 – Renate Groenewold, Dutch speed skater and cyclist
  • 1977Anne-Caroline Chausson, French cyclist
  • 1977 – Jamie Marchi, American voice actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Erna Siikavirta, Finnish singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1978Antonino D'Agostino, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Mick O'Driscoll, Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1979Paul Burchill, English wrestler
  • 1979 – Gregori Chad Petree, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980Nick Cannon, American actor, rapper, and producer
  • 1981Vladimir Kisenkov, Russian footballer
  • 1981 – Raffi Torres, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982Phil Mustard, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Miloš Pavlović, Serbian race car driver
  • 1982 – Annemiek van Vleuten, Dutch cyclist
  • 1983Mario Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Michael Fraser, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – Mihkel Kukk, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1983 – Abhishek Nayar, Indian cricketer
  • 1983 – Travis Pastrana, American motorcycle racer
  • 1984Domenik Hixon, American football player
  • 1985Bruno Mars, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1985 – Eiji Wentz, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Elliphant, Swedish singer-songwriter and rapper
  • 1986Louis Dodds, English footballer
  • 1986 – Michele Sepe, Italian rugby player
  • 1987Frankie Brown, Scottish footballer[5]
  • 1987 – Aya Hirano, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1987 – Hassan Maatouk, Lebanese footballer
  • 1987 – Taylor Price, American football player
  • 1989Sione Lousi, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1989 – Mahmut Temür, Turkish footballer
  • 1989 – Armand Traoré, French footballer
  • 1990Rachel Klamer, Zimbabwean-Dutch triathlete
  • 1991Jordan McLean, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992Maria João Koehler, Portuguese tennis player
  • 1992 – Lidziya Marozava, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1993Garbiñe Muguruza, Spanish tennis player
  • 1993 – Barbara Palvin, Hungarian model and actress
  • 1993 – Molly Quinn, American actress and producer
  • 1993 – Darrell Wallace, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1996Sara Sorribes Tormo, Spanish tennis player[6]
  • 1996 – Sara Takanashi, Japanese ski jumper[7]
  • 1997Bella Thorne, American actress
  • 1999Camila Rossi, Brazilian rhythmic gymnast[8]

Deaths

  • 705Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Muslim caliph (b. 646)
  • 923Pilgrim I, archbishop of Salzburg
  • 951Xiao Sagezhi, Chinese Khitan empress
  • 976Helen of Zadar, queen consort of the Kingdom of Croatia
  • 1281 – Princess Constance of Greater Poland (b. c.1245)
  • 1286John I, Duke of Brittany (b. 1217)
  • 1317Emperor Fushimi of Japan (b. 1265)
  • 1354Cola di Rienzo, Roman tribune (b. c.1313)
  • 1361John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp
  • 1436Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut (b. 1401)
  • 1469Filippo Lippi, artist (b. 1406)
  • 1594Ishikawa Goemon, ninja and thief of Japan (b. 1558)
  • 1621Antoine de Montchrestien, French soldier, playwright, and economist (b. 1575)
  • 1647Christen Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer and mathematician (b. 1562)
  • 1652John Greaves, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1602)
  • 1656John George I, Elector of Saxony (b. 1585)
  • 1659Jean de Quen, French missionary, priest, and historian (b. 1603)
  • 1735Yongzheng Emperor of China (b. 1678)
  • 1754Henry Fielding, English novelist and playwright (b. 1707)
  • 1772Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, French violinist and composer (b. 1711)
  • 1793John Hancock, American merchant and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1737)
  • 1795Andrew Kippis, English minister and author (b. 1725)
  • 1802Emmanuele Vitale, Maltese general and politician (b. 1758)
  • 1804Thomas Cochran, Canadian lawyer and judge (b. 1777)
  • 1809James Elphinston, Scottish orthographer, phonologist, and linguist (b. 1721)
  • 1821Juan O'Donojú, last Spanish ruler of Mexico (b. 1762)[9]
  • 1834François-Adrien Boieldieu, French composer (b. 1775)
  • 1869Franklin Pierce, American general, lawyer, and politician, 14th President of the United States (b. 1804)
  • 1879Miguel Grau Seminario, Peruvian admiral (b. 1834)
  • 1886Austin F. Pike, American lawyer and politician (b. 1819)
  • 1897Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter and academic (b. 1830)
  • 1928Larry Semon, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • 1931John Monash, Australian general and engineer (b. 1865)
  • 1936Premchand, Indian author and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1936 – Red Ames, American baseball player and manager (b. 1882)
  • 1936 – Ahmet Tevfik Pasha, Ottoman politician, 292nd Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1845)
  • 1936 – William Henry Stark, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1942Sergey Chaplygin, Russian physicist, mathematician, and engineer (b. 1869)
  • 1944Wendell Willkie, American captain, lawyer, and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1945Felix Salten, Austrian author and critic (b. 1869)
  • 1952Joe Adams, American baseball player and manager (b. 1877)
  • 1953Nigel Bruce, British actor (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Kathleen Ferrier, English soprano (b. 1912)
  • 1955Iry LeJeune, American accordion player (b. 1928)
  • 1958Ran Bosilek, Bulgarian author and translator (b. 1886)
  • 1963Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican painter (b. 1908)
  • 1967Clement Attlee, English soldier, lawyer, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1883)
  • 1970Jean Giono, French author and poet (b. 1895)
  • 1973Gabriel Marcel, French philosopher, playwright, and critic (b. 1889)
  • 1977Giorgos Papasideris, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1978Bertha Parker Pallan, American archaeologist (b. 1907)
  • 1979Brian Edmund Baker, English air marshal (b. 1896)
  • 1979 – Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1982Fernando Lamas, Argentinian-American actor and director (b. 1916)
  • 1982 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, English runner and politician, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1983Joan Hackett, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 1985Malcolm Ross, American captain, physicist, and balloonist (b. 1919)
  • 1985 – Gordon Welchman, English-American mathematician and scholar (b. 1906)
  • 1987Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek scholar and politician, 2nd President of Greece (b. 1899)
  • 1992Willy Brandt, German lawyer and politician, 4th Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1994Oscar M. Ruebhausen, American lawyer (b. 1912)
  • 1995Christopher Keene, American conductor and educator (b. 1946)
  • 1997Bertrand Goldberg, American architect, designed the Marina City Building (b. 1913)
  • 1999John McLendon, American basketball player and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2000Charlotte Lamb, English author (b. 1937)
  • 2001Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1917)
  • 2002Phyllis Calvert, English actress (b. 1915)[10]
  • 2002 – Jacques Richard, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1952)
  • 2004James Chace, American historian and author (b. 1931)
  • 2006Mark Porter, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1974)
  • 2007Constantine Andreou, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1917)
  • 2008Ângelo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Bob Friend, English journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Eileen Herlie, Scottish-American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – George Emil Palade, Romanian-American biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2010Frank Bourgholtzer, American journalist (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – Eileen Crofton, British physician and author (b. 1919)[11]
  • 2011Al Davis, American football player, coach, and manager (b. 1929)
  • 2011 – Mikey Welsh, American guitarist and painter (b. 1971)
  • 2011 – Roger Williams, American pianist (b. 1924)
  • 2012Varsha Bhosle, Indian singer and journalist (b. 1956)
  • 2012 – Marilou Diaz-Abaya, Filipino director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2012 – Eric Lomax, Scottish captain and author (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Nawal Kishore Sharma, Indian politician, 20th Governor of Gujarat (b. 1925)
  • 2013Philip Chevron, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Rod Grams, American journalist and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Rodolphe Kasser, Swiss archaeologist and philologist (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Andy Pafko, American baseball player and manager (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader (b. 1939)
  • 2014Morris Lurie, Australian author and playwright (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Alden E. Matthews, American missionary (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Harden M. McConnell, American chemist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Zilpha Keatley Snyder, American author (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Jeen van den Berg, Dutch speed skater (b. 1928)
  • 2015Richard Davies, Welsh-English actor (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Jim Diamond, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Dennis Eichhorn, American author and illustrator (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Lindy Infante, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Paul Prudhomme, American chef and author (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Evodus (or Yves)
    • Palatias and Laurentia
    • Pelagia (Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches)
    • Reparata
    • San Ernesto, Che Guevara as a folk saint. (Bolivian campesinos)
    • Simeon (Gospel of Luke)
    • Thaïs
    • William Dwight Porter Bliss and Richard T. Ely (Episcopal Church)
    • October 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Columbus Day can fall, while October 14 is the latest; observed on the second Monday of October (United States); and its related observance (see also October 12):
    • Discoverer's Day (Hawaii)
    • Indigenous Peoples' Day, a counter Columbus Day (United States)
    • Piomingo Day (Chickasaw Nation)
  • Earliest day on which Mother's Day can fall, while October 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in October (Malawi)
  • Earliest day on which the first day of Fire Prevention Week can fall, while October 14 is the latest; observed on the second week in October. (United States and Canada)
  • Earliest day on which Thanksgiving can fall, while October 14 is the latest; observed on the second Monday in October. (Canada)
  • Earliest day on which White Sunday can fall, while October 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in October. (Samoa, Tonga)
  • World Space Week (October 4–10)
  • Air Force Day (India)
  • Arbor Day (Namibia)
  • Children's Day (Iran)
  • Navy Day (Peru)
  • International Lesbian Day
  • National Octopus Day

References

  1. For the consensus on dating of the battle of Cibalae in 316, see A.S. Christensen, L. Baerentzen, Lactantius the Historian, Museum Tusculanum Press, 1980, p.23, W. Treadgold, A history of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, p. 34, D.S. Potter, p. 378 and C. Odahl, p. 164. For the alternative dating at 314 see, among others, Ramsay MacMullen, Constantine, Routledge, 1987, p. 67 and A. H. M. Jones, Constantine and the Conversion of Europe, The English University Press, 1948, p. 127
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External links

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