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  2020 (Wednesday)
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Events

  • 3761 BC – The epoch reference date epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar.
  • 1403 – Venetian–Genoese wars: The Genoese fleet under a French admiral is defeated by a Venetian fleet.
  • 1477Uppsala University is inaugurated after receiving its corporate rights from Pope Sixtus IV in February the same year.
  • 1513 – War of the League of Cambrai: Spain defeats Venice.
  • 1571 – The Battle of Lepanto is fought, and the Ottoman Navy suffers its first defeat.
  • 1691 – The charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay is issued.
  • 1763 – King George III issues the Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing Indigenous lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlements.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: The Americans defeat the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: American militia defeat royalist irregulars led by British major Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.
  • 1800 – French corsair Robert Surcouf, commander of the 18-gun ship La Confiance, captures the British 38-gun Kent.
  • 1826 – The Granite Railway begins operations as the first chartered railway in the U.S.
  • 1828Morea expedition: The city of Patras, Greece, is liberated by the French expeditionary force.
  • 1840Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.
  • 1864American Civil War: A US Navy ship captures a Confederate raider in a Brazilian seaport.
  • 1868Cornell University holds opening day ceremonies; initial student enrollment is 412, the highest at any American university to that date.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Léon Gambetta escapes the siege of Paris in a hot-air balloon.
  • 1879 – Germany and Austria-Hungary sign the "Twofold Covenant" and create the Dual Alliance.
  • 1912 – The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • 1916 – Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222–0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
  • 1919KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, is founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.
  • 1924Andreas Michalakopoulos becomes prime minister of Greece for a short period of time.
  • 1929Photius II becomes Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1933Air France is inaugurated, after being formed by a merger of five French airlines.
  • 1940World War II: The McCollum memo proposes bringing the United States into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1944 – World War II: During an uprising at Birkenau concentration camp, Jewish prisoners burn down Crematorium IV.
  • 1949 – The communist German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is formed.
  • 1950Mother Teresa establishes the Missionaries of Charity.
  • 1958 – The 1958 Pakistani coup d'état inaugurates a prolonged period of military rule.
  • 1958 – The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.
  • 1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 3 transmits the first-ever photographs of the far side of the Moon.
  • 1963 – President Kennedy signs the ratification of the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • 1977 – The Fourth Soviet Constitution is adopted.
  • 1985 – The Mameyes landslide kills almost 200 people in Puerto Rico.
  • 1985 – Four men from the Palestine Liberation Front hijack the Template:Ship off the coast of Egypt.
  • 1987 – Sikh nationalists declare the independence of Khalistan from India; it is not internationally recognized.
  • 1988 – A hunter discovers three gray whales trapped under the ice near Alaska; the situation becomes a multinational effort to free the whales.
  • 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: Bombing of Banski dvori in Zagreb, Croatia.
  • 1993 – The flood of '93 ends at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began, as the Mississippi River falls below flood stage.
  • 1996Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.
  • 1998Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, is found tied to a fence after being savagely beaten by two young adults in Laramie, Wyoming. He died five days later.
  • 2000Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Hezbollah militants capture three Israeli Defense Force soldiers in a cross-border raid.
  • 2001 – The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan begins with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
  • 2002 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on STS-112 to continue assembly of the International Space Station.[1]
  • 2008 – Asteroid 2008 TC3 impacts the Earth over Sudan, the first time an asteroid impact is detected prior to its entry into earth's atmosphere.
  • 2016 – In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to 800.

Births

  • 14 BCDrusus Julius Caesar, Roman politician (d. 23 AD)
  • 1301 – Grand Prince Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver (d. 1339)
  • 1409Elizabeth of Luxembourg (d. 1442)
  • 1471Frederick I of Denmark (d. 1533)
  • 1474Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1536)
  • 1482Ernest, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (d. 1553)
  • 1573William Laud, English archbishop and academic (d. 1645)
  • 1576John Marston, English poet and playwright (d. 1634)
  • 1586Isaac Massa, Dutch diplomat (d. 1643)
  • 1589Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria (d. 1631)
  • 1591Pierre Le Muet, French architect (d. 1669)
  • 1597Captain John Underhill, English settler and soldier (d. 1672)
  • 1635Roger de Piles, French painter (d. 1709)
  • 1713Granville Elliott, English general (d. 1759)
  • 1728Caesar Rodney, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 4th Governor of Delaware (d. 1784)
  • 1744Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and politician, War Governor of Saint Petersburg (d. 1819)
  • 1746William Billings, American composer and educator (d. 1800)
  • 1748Charles XIII of Sweden (d. 1818)
  • 1769Solomon Sibley, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, 1st Mayor of Detroit (d. 1846)
  • 1786Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1798Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, French instrument maker and businessman (d. 1875)
  • 1819Ann Eliza Smith, American author and patriot (d. 1905)[2]
  • 1821Richard H. Anderson, American general (d. 1879)
  • 1832Charles Crozat Converse, American lawyer and composer (d. 1918)
  • 1835Felix Draeseke, German composer and educator (d. 1913)
  • 1836Henri Elzéar Taschereau, Canadian scholar and jurist, 4th Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1911)
  • 1841Nicholas I of Montenegro (d. 1921)
  • 1849James Whitcomb Riley, American poet and author (d. 1916)
  • 1860Leonidas Paraskevopoulos, Greek general and politician (d. 1936)
  • 1866Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Polish-Austrian religious leader, 26th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1870Uncle Dave Macon, American old-time country banjo player, singer-songwriter, and comedian (d. 1952)
  • 1876Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (d. 1934)
  • 1879Joe Hill, Swedish-born American labor activist and poet (d. 1915)
  • 1881Mikhail Drozdovsky, Ukrainian-Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1884Harold Geiger, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1927)
  • 1885Niels Bohr, Danish physicist and philosopher, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Claud Ashton Jones, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1948)
  • 1887Jack Russell, English cricketer and coach (d. 1961)
  • 1888Henry A. Wallace, American agronomist and politician, 33rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1965)
  • 1888 – Edna Meade Colson, African American educator and activist (d. 1985)[3]
  • 1889Robert Z. Leonard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1892Dwain Esper, American director and producer (d. 1982)
  • 1893Alice Dalgliesh, Trinidadian-American author and publisher (d. 1979)
  • 1894Del Lord, Canadian-American actor and director (d. 1970)
  • 1895Maurice Grevisse, Belgian linguist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1896Paulino Alcántara, Spanish Filipino football player and manager (d. 1964)
  • 1897Elijah Muhammad, American religious leader (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Thakin Mya, Burmese lawyer and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1900Heinrich Himmler, German commander and politician (d. 1945)
  • 1904Armando Castellazzi, Italian footballer and coach (d. 1968)
  • 1905Andy Devine, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1907Helen MacInnes, Scottish-American librarian and author (d. 1985)
  • 1909Anni Blomqvist, Finnish author (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian-American pianist and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Erastus Corning 2nd, American soldier and politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany (d. 1983)
  • 1910Henry Plumer McIlhenny, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • 1911Vaughn Monroe, American singer, trumpet player, and bandleader (d. 1973)
  • 1912Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian architect and politician, 85th President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Peter Walker, English race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1913Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Raimond Valgre, Estonian pianist, guitarist, and composer (d. 1949)
  • 1914Begum Akhtar, Indian actress (d. 1974)[4]
  • 1914 – Sarah Churchill, English actress (d. 1982)
  • 1914 – Alfred Drake, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – Herman Keiser, American golfer (d. 2003)
  • 1917June Allyson, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1918Harry V. Jaffa, American historian, philosopher, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1919Henriette Avram, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Zelman Cowen, Australian academic and politician, 19th Governor-General of Australia (d. 2011)
  • 1919 – Georges Duby, French historian and author (d. 1996)
  • 1920Georg Leber, German soldier and politician, German Federal Minister of Defence (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Jack Rowley, English footballer and manager (d. 1998)
  • 1921Raymond Goethals, Belgian footballer and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1922Grady Hatton, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – William Zinsser, American journalist and critic (d. 2015)
  • 1923Irma Grese, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1923 – Břetislav Pojar, Czech animator and director (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Jean-Paul Riopelle, Canadian painter and sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1927Al Martino, American singer and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1927 – R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist and author (d. 1989)
  • 1927 – Demetrio González, Spanish-Mexican film actor and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1928José Messias, Brazilian composer, singer, writer, host and critic (d. 2015)
  • 1928 – Ali Kafi, Pakistani politician (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Lorna Wing, English autism researcher (d. 2014)
  • 1929Graeme Ferguson, Canadian director and producer, co-founded the IMAX Corporation
  • 1929 – Mariano Gagnon, American Catholic priest and author (d. 2017)
  • 1929 – Robert Westall, English journalist and author (d. 1993)
  • 1930Curtis Crider, American race car driver (d. 2012)
  • 1931Cotton Fitzsimmons, American basketball player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Tommy Lewis, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – R. Sivagurunathan, Sri Lankan journalist, lawyer, and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop and activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932Joannes Gijsen, Dutch bishop (d. 2013)
  • 1933Harold Dunaway, American race car driver and pilot (d. 2012)
  • 1934Amiri Baraka, American poet, playwright, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Ulrike Meinhof, German far-left terrorist, co-founder of the Red Army Faction, journalist (d. 1976)
  • 1934 – Julian Thompson, English general and historian
  • 1935Thomas Keneally, Australian novelist, playwright, and essayist
  • 1936Michael Hurll, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1937Christopher Booker, English journalist and author
  • 1937 – Chet Powers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1937 – Maria Szyszkowska, Polish academic and politician
  • 1938Yvonne Brewster, Jamaican actress and theatre director[5]
  • 1938 – Ann Jones, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1939John Hopcroft, American computer scientist and author
  • 1939 – Clive James, Australian television host, author, and critic (d. 2019)
  • 1939 – Harry Kroto, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, Congolese cardinal
  • 1939 – Bill Snyder, American football player and coach
  • 1940Bruce Vento, American educator and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1942Joy Behar, American talk show host, comedian and television personality
  • 1943José Cardenal, Cuban baseball player and coach
  • 1943 – Oliver North, American colonel, journalist, and author
  • 1944Judee Sill, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1979)
  • 1944 – Donald Tsang, Chinese civil servant and politician, 2nd Chief Executive of Hong Kong
  • 1945Kevin Godley, English singer-songwriter and director
  • 1945 – David Wallace, Scottish physicist and academic
  • 1946John Brass, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1946 – Catharine MacKinnon, American lawyer, activist, and author
  • 1947Chris Bambridge, Australian footballer and referee
  • 1948Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist
  • 1948 – John F. B. Mitchell, English climatologist and author
  • 1948 – Stephen Rucker, American composer
  • 1949Dave Hope, American bass player and priest
  • 1950Dick Jauron, American football player and coach
  • 1950 – Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian colonel, economist, and politician, 4th President of Tanzania
  • 1951Enki Bilal, French comic book creator, comics artist and film director
  • 1951 – John Mellencamp, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1952Vladimir Putin, Russian colonel and politician, 4th President of Russia
  • 1952 – Jacques Richard, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1952 – Graham Yallop, Australian cricketer
  • 1953Linda Griffiths, Canadian actress and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1953 – Margus Lepa, Estonian journalist and actor
  • 1953 – Tico Torres, American drummer
  • 1955Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist and author
  • 1955 – Bill Henson, Australian photographer
  • 1955 – Yo-Yo Ma, French-American cellist and educator
  • 1956Steve Bainbridge, English rugby player
  • 1956 – Mike Shipley, Australian-English sound engineer and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1956 – Brian Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1957Joey Marquez, Filipino basketball player, actor, and politician
  • 1957 – Michael W. Smith, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1957 – Jayne Torvill, English figure skater
  • 1959Dylan Baker, American actor
  • 1959 – Simon Cowell, English businessman and producer
  • 1959 – Lourdes Flores, Peruvian lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Jean-Marc Fournier, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Brazo de Oro, Mexican wrestler (d. 2017)
  • 1960Kevin Boyle, American historian and author
  • 1961Brian Mannix, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Tony Sparano, American football player and coach (d. 2018)
  • 1962Dave Bronconnier, Canadian businessman and politician, 35th Mayor of Calgary
  • 1962 – Micky Flanagan, English comedian
  • 1962 – William Johnson, German-English cricketer
  • 1964Sam Brown, English singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer
  • 1964 – Dan Savage, American LGBT rights activist, journalist and television producer
  • 1964 – Paul Stewart, English footballer
  • 1965Genji Hashimoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1965 – Kumiko Watanabe, Japanese voice actress
  • 1966Sherman Alexie, American novelist, short story writer, poet, and filmmaker
  • 1966 – Marco Beltrami, Italian-American composer and conductor
  • 1966 – Janet Shaw, Australian cyclist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1967Michelle Alexander, American law professor, author and activist
  • 1967 – Peter Baker, English golfer
  • 1967 – Toni Braxton, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1967 – Luke Haines, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1968Thom Yorke, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969Bobbie Brown, American model and actress
  • 1969 – Malia Hosaka, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Per Mathisen, Norwegian bass player and composer
  • 1969 – Maria Whittaker, English model, actress, and singer
  • 1971Daniel Boucher, Canadian singer and actor
  • 1972Marlou Aquino, Filipino basketball player
  • 1972 – Ben Younger, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973Dida, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Priest Holmes, American football player
  • 1973 – Sami Hyypiä, Finnish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Grigol Mgaloblishvili, Georgian politician and diplomat, 7th Prime Minister of Georgia
  • 1974Rune Glifberg, Danish skateboarder
  • 1974 – Ruslan Nigmatullin, Russian footballer
  • 1974 – Charlotte Perrelli, Swedish singer
  • 1975Giorgos Karadimos, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Damian Kulash, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Tim Minchin, English-Australian comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1976Marc Coma, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1976 – Taylor Hicks, American singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Gilberto Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Santiago Solari, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Charles Woodson, American football player
  • 1977Antoine Revoy, French comics writer and illustrator
  • 1978Alison Balsom, English trumpet player and educator
  • 1978 – Alesha Dixon, English singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1978 – Zaheer Khan, Indian cricketer
  • 1979Simona Amânar, Romanian gymnast
  • 1979 – Aaron Ashmore, Canadian actor
  • 1979 – Shawn Ashmore, Canadian actor
  • 1981Austin Eubanks, American motivational speaker (d. 2019)
  • 1982Madjid Bougherra, Algerian footballer
  • 1982 – Jermain Defoe, English footballer
  • 1982 – Robby Ginepri, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Li Yundi, Chinese pianist
  • 1982 – Lockett Pundt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1983Archie Bland, English journalist and author
  • 1983 – Dwayne Bravo, Trinidadian cricketer
  • 1983 – Flying Lotus, American rapper, DJ, and producer
  • 1983 – Scottie Upshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984Salman Butt, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1984 – Toma Ikuta, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1984 – Simon Poulsen, Danish footballer
  • 1984 – Zachary Wyatt, American soldier and politician
  • 1985Evan Longoria, American baseball player
  • 1986Chase Daniel, American football player
  • 1986 – Lee Nguyen, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Gunnar Nielsen, Faroese footballer
  • 1986 – Bree Olson, American actress, model, and former porn actress
  • 1986 – Amy Satterthwaite, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1987Jeremy Brockie, New Zealand footballer
  • 1987 – Aiden English, American wrestler
  • 1987 – Sam Querrey, American tennis player
  • 1988Diego da Silva Costa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Lauren Mayberry, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1989Trent Merrin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990Sebastián Coates, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1991Lay, Chinese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1992Mookie Betts, American baseball player
  • 1995Lyndon Dykes, Australian professional footballer
  • 1995 – Lloyd Jones, English professional footballer
  • 1995 – Bram van Vlerken, Dutch professional football player
  • 1995 – Mathias Dyngeland, Norwegian footballer
  • 1998Trent Alexander-Arnold, English professional footballer
  • 2001Princess Senate Seeiso, Princess of Lesotho

Deaths

  • 336Mark, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 858Montoku, Japanese emperor (b. 826)
  • 929Charles the Simple, French king (b. 879)
  • 950Li, Chinese empress consort
  • 951Shi Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (b. 919)
  • 951 – Xiao, Chinese Khitan empress dowager
  • 951 – Zhen, Chinese Khitan empress consort
  • 988Qian Chu, king of Wuyue (b. 929)
  • 1242Juntoku, Japanese emperor (b. 1197)
  • 1259Ezzelino III da Romano, Italian ruler
  • 1363Eleanor de Bohun, English noblewoman (b. 1304)
  • 1368Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, Belgian-English politician (b. 1338)
  • 1461Jean Poton de Xaintrailles, follower of Joan of Arc (b. c. 1390)
  • 1468Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, Italian nobleman (b. 1417)
  • 1553Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (b. 1500)
  • 1571Sufi Ali Pasha, Ottoman soldier and politician, Ottoman Governor of Egypt
  • 1571 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, Danish queen consort of Christian III of Denmark (b. 1511)
  • 1577George Gascoigne, English soldier, courtier, and poet (b. 1535)
  • 1612Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian poet, playwright, and diplomat (b. 1538)
  • 1620Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish-Lithuanian commander (b. 1547)
  • 1637Victor Amadeus I, duke of Savoy (b. 1587)
  • 1651Jacques Sirmond, French scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1653Fausto Poli, Italian cardinal (b. 1581)
  • 1708Guru Gobind Singh, Indian 10th Sikh guru (b. 1666)
  • 1772John Woolman, American preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
  • 1787Henry Muhlenberg, German-American pastor and missionary (b. 1711)
  • 1792George Mason, American lawyer and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1793Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician, President of the Board of Trade (b. 1718)
  • 1796Thomas Reid, Scottish mathematician and philosopher (b. 1710)
  • 1849Edgar Allan Poe, American short story writer, poet, and critic (b. 1809)
  • 1884Bernard Petitjean, French Roman Catholic missionary to Japan (b. 1829)
  • 1894Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., American physician, author, and poet (b. 1809)
  • 1903Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician and academic (b. 1832)
  • 1904Isabella Bird, English historian and explorer (b. 1831)
  • 1906Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, 18th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • 1911John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist and physician (b. 1835)
  • 1919Alfred Deakin, Australian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
  • 1925Christy Mathewson, American baseball player and manager (b. 1880)
  • 1926Emil Kraepelin, German psychologist and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1933Alexander Peacock, Australian politician, 20th Premier of Victoria (b. 1861)
  • 1939Harvey Williams Cushing, American neurosurgeon and academic (b. 1869)
  • 1943Radclyffe Hall, English author and poet (b. 1880)
  • 1944Helmut Lent, German colonel and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1950Willis Haviland Carrier, American engineer (b. 1876)
  • 1951Anton Philips, Dutch businessman, co-founded Philips (b. 1874)
  • 1956Clarence Birdseye, American businessman, founded Birds Eye (b. 1886)
  • 1959Mario Lanza, American tenor and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1966Grigoris Asikis, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1966 – Johnny Kidd, English singer songwriter (b. 1935) Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1967Norman Angell, English journalist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1872)
  • 1969Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (b. 1888)
  • 1970Alphonse-Marie Parent, Canadian priest and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1983George O. Abell, American astronomer, professor, science popularizer, and skeptic (b. 1927)
  • 1985Cemal Reşit Rey, Turkish pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1904)
  • 1990Beatrice Hutton, Australian architect (b. 1893)
  • 1990 – Chiara Badano, Italian beatified (b.1971)
  • 1991Harry W. Brown, American colonel and pilot (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Leo Durocher, American baseball player and manager (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Darren Millane, Australian footballer (b. 1965)
  • 1992Allan Bloom, American philosopher and educator (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – Babu Karam Singh Bal, Indian businessman and politician (b.1927)
  • 1993Cyril Cusack, South African-born Irish actor (b. 1910)
  • 1994Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish-English physician and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1995Ivan Hutchinson, Australian film critic and author (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Olga Taussky-Todd, Austrian-Czech-American mathematician, attendant of the Vienna Circle (b. 1906)
  • 1996Lou Lichtveld, Surinamese-Dutch author, playwright, and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1998Cees de Vreugd, Dutch strongman and weightlifter (b. 1952)
  • 2001Herblock, American cartoonist and author (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Christopher Adams, English-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1955)
  • 2001 – Roger Gaudry, Canadian chemist and businessman (b. 1913)
  • 2002Pierangelo Bertoli, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 2003Izzy Asper, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Arthur Berger, American composer and educator (b. 1912)
  • 2004Tony Lanfranchi, English race car driver (b. 1935)
  • 2005Charles Rocket, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
  • 2006Julen Goikoetxea, Spanish cyclist (b. 1985)
  • 2006 – Anna Politkovskaya, American-Russian journalist and activist (b. 1958)
  • 2007Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1975)
  • 2007 – George E. Sangmeister, American lawyer and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2009Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2010T Lavitz, American keyboard player, composer, and producer (b. 1956)
  • 2010 – Milka Planinc, Croatian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1924)
  • 2011Ramiz Alia, Albanian politician, 1st President of Albania (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Andrew Laszlo, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1926)
  • 2012Mervyn M. Dymally, Trinidadian-American politician, 41st Lieutenant Governor of California (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Ivo Michiels, Belgian-French author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Wiley Reed, American-Australian singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2013Mick Buckley, English footballer (b. 1953)
  • 2013 – Patrice Chéreau, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – David E. Jeremiah, American admiral (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Leandro Mendoza, Filipino police officer and politician, 36th Executive Secretary of the Philippines (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Joe Rogers, American lawyer and politician, 45th Lieutenant Governor of Colorado (b. 1964)
  • 2014Nika Kiladze, Georgian footballer (b. 1988)
  • 2014 – Siegfried Lenz, Polish-German author and playwright (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Iva Withers, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1917)
  • 2015Harry Gallatin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Hossein Hamadani, Iranian general (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – W. R. Mitchell, English journalist and author (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Jurelang Zedkaia, Marshallese politician, 5th President of the Marshall Islands (b. 1950)
  • 2016Ross Higgins, Australian actor, comedian (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Justina of Padua
    • Henry Muhlenberg (some Lutheran Churches, Episcopal Church of the USA)
    • Osgyth
    • Our Lady of the Rosary
    • Pope Mark
    • Sergius and Bacchus
    • October 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Teachers' Day (Laos)

References

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  5. Rodreguez King-Dorset, Black British Theatre Pioneers: Yvonne Brewster and the First Generation of Actors, Playwrights and Other Practitioners, Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2014.

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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