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Events

  • 105 BCCimbrian War: Defeat at the Battle of Arausio accelerates the Marian reforms of the Roman army.
  • 69 BC – Third Mithridatic War: Forces of the Roman Republic subdue Armenia.
  • AD 23 – Rebels decapitate Wang Mang two days after his capital was sacked during a peasant rebellion.
  • 404Byzantine Empress Eudoxia dies from the miscarriage of her seventh and last pregnancy.
  • 618 – Transition from Sui to Tang: Wang Shichong decisively defeats Li Mi at the Battle of Yanshi.
  • 1539 – Spain's DeSoto expedition takes over the Apalachee capital of Anhaica for their winter quarters.
  • 1600Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, receives its première performance, beginning the Baroque period.
  • 1683 – Immigrant families found Germantown, Pennsylvania in the first major immigration of German people to America.
  • 1762Seven Years' War: The British Capture Manila from Spain and occupy it.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: British forces capture Forts Clinton and Montgomery on the Hudson River.
  • 1789French Revolution: King Louis XVI is forced to change his residence from Versailles to the Tuileries Palace.
  • 1849 – The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1854 – In England the Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead leads to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
  • 1884 – The Naval War College of the United States is founded in Rhode Island.
  • 1898Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the largest American music fraternity, is founded at the New England Conservatory of Music.
  • 1903 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • 1908 – The Bosnian crisis erupts when Austria-Hungary formally annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1910Eleftherios Venizelos is elected prime minister of Greece for the first of seven times.
  • 1923 – The Turkish National Movement enters Constantinople.
  • 1927 – Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent "talkie" movie.
  • 1939World War II: The Battle of Kock is the final combat of the September Campaign in Poland.
  • 1942 – World War II: American troops force the Japanese from their positions east of the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal.
  • 1943 – World War II: Thirteen civilians are burnt alive by a paramilitary group in Crete.
  • 1944 – World War II: Units of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps enter Czechoslovakia during the Battle of the Dukla Pass.
  • 1973 – Egypt and Syria launch coordinated attacks against Israel, beginning the Yom Kippur War.
  • 1976Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 is destroyed by two bombs, placed on board by an anti-Castro militant group.
  • 1976 – Premier Hua Guofeng arrests the Gang of Four, ending the Cultural Revolution in China.
  • 1976 – Dozens are killed by the Thai army in the Thammasat University massacre.
  • 1977 – The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
  • 1979Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
  • 1981 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is murdered by Islamic extremists.
  • 1985 – Police constable Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm suburb of London.
  • 1987Fiji becomes a republic.
  • 1995 – The first planet orbiting another sun, 51 Pegasi b, is discovered.
  • 2007Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the Earth.
  • 2010Instagram, a mainstream photo-sharing application, is founded.

Births

  • 649Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ (d. around 696)
  • 1289Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (d. 1306)
  • 1459Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer (d. 1507)
  • 1510John Caius, English physician and academic, co-founded the Gonville and Caius College (d. 1573)
  • 1510 – Rowland Taylor, English priest and martyr (d. 1555)
  • 1552Matteo Ricci, Italian priest and missionary (d. 1610)
  • 1555Ferenc Nádasdy, Hungarian noble (d. 1604)
  • 1565Marie de Gournay, French writer (d. 1645)
  • 1573Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (d. 1624)
  • 1576Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland (d. 1612)
  • 1591Settimia Caccini, Italian singer-songwriter (d. 1638)
  • 1610Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French general (d. 1690)
  • 1626Géraud de Cordemoy, French historian, philosopher and lawyer (d. 1684)
  • 1716George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1771)
  • 1729Sarah Crosby, English preacher, the first female Methodist preacher (d. 1804)
  • 1732John Broadwood, Scottish businessman, co-founded John Broadwood and Sons (d. 1812)
  • 1738Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1742Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian-Danish poet and playwright (d. 1755)
  • 1744James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University (d. 1813)
  • 1767Henri Christophe, Grenadian-Haitian king (d. 1820)
  • 1769Isaac Brock, English general and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1812)
  • 1773John MacCulloch, Scottish geologist and academic (d. 1835)
  • 1773 – Louis Philippe I of France (d. 1850)
  • 1801Hippolyte Carnot, French politician (d. 1888)
  • 1803Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Polish-German physicist and meteorologist (d. 1879)
  • 1820James Caulfeild, 3rd Earl of Charlemont, Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Armagh (d. 1892)
  • 1820 – Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano and actress (d. 1887)
  • 1831Richard Dedekind, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1916)
  • 1838Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian soldier, poet, and author (d. 1910)
  • 1846George Westinghouse, American engineer and businessman, founded the Westinghouse Air Brake Company (d. 1914)
  • 1862Albert J. Beveridge, American historian and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1866Reginald Fessenden, Canadian engineer and academic, invented radiotelephony (d. 1932)
  • 1874Frank G. Allen, American merchant and politician, 51st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • 1876Ernest Lapointe, Canadian lawyer and politician, 18th Canadian Minister of Justice (d. 1941)
  • 1882Karol Szymanowski, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1937)
  • 1886Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1887Le Corbusier, Swiss-French architect and painter, designed the Philips Pavilion and Saint-Pierre, Firminy (d. 1965)
  • 1888Roland Garros, French soldier and pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1891Hendrik Adamson, Estonian poet and educator (d. 1946)
  • 1893Meghnad Saha, Indian astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (d. 1956)
  • 1895Caroline Gordon, American author and critic (d. 1981)
  • 1896David Howard, American film director (d. 1941)
  • 1897Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1900Vivion Brewer, American activist and desegregationist (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Willy Merkl, German mountaineer (d. 1934)
  • 1900 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • 1901Eveline Du Bois-Reymond Marcus, German-Brazilian zoologist and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1903Ernest Walton, Irish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1905Helen Wills, American tennis player and painter (d. 1998)
  • 1906Janet Gaynor, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Taffy O'Callaghan, Welsh footballer and coach (d. 1946)
  • 1908Carole Lombard, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Sergei Sobolev, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1910Barbara Castle, English journalist and politician, First Secretary of State (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Orazio Satta Puliga, Italian automobile designer (d. 1974)
  • 1912Perkins Bass, American lawyer and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1913Méret Oppenheim, German-Swiss painter and photographer (d. 1985)
  • 1914Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnographer and explorer (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Joan Littlewood, English director and playwright (d. 2002)
  • 1915Carolyn Goodman, American psychologist and activist (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Portuguese-American cardinal (d. 1983)
  • 1915 – Alice Timander, Swedish dentist and actress (d. 2007)
  • 1916Chiang Wei-kuo, Japanese-Chinese general (d. 1997)
  • 1917Fannie Lou Hamer, American activist and philanthropist (d. 1977)
  • 1918Goh Keng Swee, Singaporean soldier and politician, 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – André Pilette, French-Belgian race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1919Siad Barre, Somalian general and politician, later president (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – Tommy Lawton, English footballer and coach (d. 1996)
  • 1920John Donaldson, Baron Donaldson of Lymington, English lawyer and judge (d. 2005)
  • 1921Evgenii Landis, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and theorist (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Joseph Lowery, American minister and activist
  • 1922Joe Frazier, American baseball player and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Teala Loring, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1923Robert Kuok, Malaysian Chinese business magnate and investor
  • 1923 – Yaşar Kemal, Turkish journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1925Shana Alexander, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1927Bill King, American sportscaster (d. 2005)
  • 1928Barbara Werle, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1929George Mattos, American pole vaulter (d. 2012)
  • 1930Hafez al-Assad, Syrian general and politician, 20th President of Syria (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1931Nikolai Chernykh, Russian astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Eileen Derbyshire, English actress
  • 1931 – Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-American astrophysicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1933 – Prince Mukarram Jah, Titular Nizam of Hyderabad State
  • 1934Marshall Rosenberg, American psychologist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1935Bruno Sammartino, Italian-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2018)
  • 1936Julius L. Chambers, American lawyer, educator, and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1938Serge Nubret, Caribbean-French bodybuilder and actor (d. 2011)
  • 1939Melvyn Bragg, English journalist, author, and academic
  • 1939 – Jack Cullen, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Richard Delgado, American lawyer and academic
  • 1939 – Sheila Greibach, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1939 – John J. LaFalce, American captain, lawyer, and politician
  • 1940Jan Keizer, Dutch footballer and referee
  • 1940 – Ellen Travolta, American actress
  • 1941Paul Popham, American soldier and activist, co-founded Gay Men's Health Crisis (d. 1987)
  • 1942Dan Christensen, American painter (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Britt Ekland, Swedish actress and singer
  • 1942 – Fred Travalena, American comedian and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1943Richard Caborn, English engineer and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1943 – Peter Dowding, Australian politician, 24th Premier of Western Australia
  • 1943 – Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • 1943 – Cees Veerman, Dutch singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1944Merzak Allouache, Algerian director and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Patrick Cordingley, English general
  • 1944 – Boris Mikhailov, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1944 – Carlos Pace, Brazilian race car driver (d. 1977)
  • 1945Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1946Lloyd Doggett, American lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Tony Greig, South African-English cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1946 – John Monie, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1946 – Millie Small, Jamaican singer-songwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Eddie Villanueva, Filipino evangelist and politician, founded the ZOE Broadcasting Network
  • 1946 – Vinod Khanna, Indian actor, producer and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1947Patxi Andión, Spanish singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2019)
  • 1947 – Klaus Dibiasi, Italian diver
  • 1948Gerry Adams, Irish republican politician
  • 1948 – Glenn Branca, American guitarist and composer (d. 2018)
  • 1949Lonnie Johnson, American inventor
  • 1949 – Penny Junor, English journalist and author
  • 1949 – Thomas McClary, American R&B singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Leslie Moonves, American businessman
  • 1949 – Nicolas Peyrac, French singer-songwriter and photographer
  • 1950David Brin, American physicist and author
  • 1951Kevin Cronin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1951 – Clive Rees, Singaporean-Welsh rugby player and educator
  • 1951 – Gavin Sutherland, Scottish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1952Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and author
  • 1953Rein Rannap, Estonian pianist and composer
  • 1954Bill Buford, American author and journalist
  • 1954 – David Hidalgo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Darrell M. West, American political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1955Tony Dungy, American football player and coach
  • 1956Sadiq al-Ahmar, Yemeni politician
  • 1956 – Kathleen Webb, American author and illustrator
  • 1957Bruce Grobbelaar, Zimbabwean footballer and coach
  • 1959Turki bin Sultan, Saudi Arabian politician (d. 2012)
  • 1959 – Oil Can Boyd, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Brian Higgins, American politician
  • 1959 – Walter Ray Williams, Jr., American bowler
  • 1961Miyuki Matsuda, Japanese actress
  • 1961 – Paul Sansome, English footballer
  • 1961 – Ben Summerskill, English businessman and journalist
  • 1962David Baker, American biologist and academic
  • 1962 – Rich Yett, American baseball player
  • 1963Sven Andersson, Swedish footballer and coach
  • 1963 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress
  • 1964Ricky Berry, American basketball player (d. 1989)
  • 1964 – Mark Field, German-English lawyer and politician
  • 1964 – Tom Jager, American swimmer and coach
  • 1964 – Miltos Manetas, Greek painter
  • 1964 – Knut Storberget, Norwegian lawyer and politician, Norwegian Minister of Justice
  • 1964 – Matthew Sweet, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965Jürgen Kohler, German footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Peg O'Connor, American philosopher and academic
  • 1965 – Steve Scalise, American lawyer and politician
  • 1965 – Rubén Sierra, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1965 – John McWhorter, American academic and linguist
  • 1966Melania Mazzucco, Italian author[1]
  • 1966 – Jacqueline Obradors, American actress
  • 1966 – Niall Quinn, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Tommy Stinson, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1967Kennet Andersson, Swedish footballer
  • 1967 – Svend Karlsen, Norwegian strongman and bodybuilder
  • 1967 – Steven Woolfe, English barrister and politician
  • 1968Bjarne Goldbæk, Danish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Bob May, American golfer
  • 1969Byron Black, Zimbabwean golfer
  • 1969 – Muhammad V of Kelantan, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
  • 1970Maria Kannegaard, Danish-Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1970 – Shauna MacDonald, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1970 – Darren Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Amy Jo Johnson, American actress
  • 1971Phil Bennett, English race car driver
  • 1971 – Takis Gonias, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Alan Stubbs, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1972Daniel Cavanagh, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Anders Iwers, Swedish bass player
  • 1972 – Jarrod Moseley, Australian golfer
  • 1972 – Mark Schwarzer, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Ryu Si-won, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1972 – Ko So-young, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973Jeff B. Davis, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1973 – Ioan Gruffudd, Welsh actor
  • 1973 – Sylvain Legwinski, French footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Rebecca Lobo, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1974Walter Centeno, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Kenny Jönsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974 – Seema Kennedy, British politician
  • 1974 – Jeremy Sisto, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Hoàng Xuân Vinh, Vietnamese shooter
  • 1975Reon King, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1976Freddy García, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976 – Magdalena Kučerová, Czech-German tennis player
  • 1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1977Daniel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Melinda Doolittle, American singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Shimon Gershon, Israeli footballer and singer
  • 1977 – Jamie Laurie, American singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Vladimir Manchev, Bulgarian footballer and manager
  • 1978Carolina Gynning, Swedish model, actress, and singer
  • 1978 – Ricky Hatton, English boxer and promoter
  • 1978 – Liu Yang, Chinese astronaut
  • 1979David Di Tommaso, French footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1979 – Mohamed Kallon, Sierra Leonean footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Richard Seymour, American football player
  • 1979 – Pascal van Assendelft, Dutch sprinter
  • 1980Arnaud Coyot, French cyclist (d. 2013)
  • 1980 – Wes Durston, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Abdoulaye Méïté, French footballer
  • 1981Zurab Khizanishvili, Georgian footballer
  • 1981 – José Luis Perlaza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982Levon Aronian, Armenian chess player
  • 1982 – William Butler, American musician and composer
  • 1982 – Fábio Júnior dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Hideki Mutoh, Japanese race car driver
  • 1982 – Paul Smith, English boxer
  • 1983Renata Voráčová, Czech tennis player
  • 1984Morné Morkel, South African cricketer
  • 1984 – Joanna Pacitti, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985Mitchell Cole, English footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1985 – Sylvia Fowles, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Tarmo Kink, Estonian footballer
  • 1986Meg Myers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Olivia Thirlby, American actress
  • 1987Joe Lewis, English footballer
  • 1987 – Akuila Uate, Fijian-Australian rugby league player
  • 1988Trey Edward Shults, American film director
  • 1989Albert Ebossé Bodjongo, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1989 – Tyler Ennis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Pizzi, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990Han Sun-hwa, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1992Taylor Paris, Canadian rugby player
  • 1993Adam Gemili, English sprinter
  • 1993 – Joe Rafferty, English-Irish footballer
  • 1993 – Jourdan Miller, American fashion model
  • 1994Lee Joo-heon, South Korean rapper and songwriter
  • 1997Kasper Dolberg, Danish footballer
  • 1999Niko Kari, Finnish race car driver[2]
  • 2004Bronny James, American basketball player, son of LeBron James[3]

Deaths

  • AD 23Wang Mang, emperor of the Han Dynasty
  • 404Aelia Eudoxia, Byzantine empress
  • 836Nicetas the Patrician, Byzantine general
  • 869Ermentrude of Orléans, Frankish queen (b. 823)
  • 877Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 823)
  • 997Minamoto no Mitsunaka, Japanese samurai (b. 912)
  • 1014Samuel, tsar of the Bulgarian Empire
  • 1019Frederick of Luxembourg, count of Moselgau (b. 965)
  • 1145Baldwin, archbishop of Pisa
  • 1090Adalbero, bishop of Würzburg
  • 1101Bruno of Cologne, German monk, founded the Carthusian Order
  • 1173Engelbert III, margrave of Istria
  • 1349Joan II of Navarre, daughter of Louis X of France (b. 1312)
  • 1398Jeong Dojeon, Korean prime minister (b. 1342)
  • 1413Dawit I, ruler (Emperor) of Ethiopia (b. 1382)
  • 1536William Tyndale, English Protestant Bible translator (b. c. 1494)
  • 1553Şehzade Mustafa, Ottoman prince (b. 1515)
  • 1641Matthijs Quast, Dutch explorer
  • 1644Elisabeth of France, queen of Spain and Portugal (b. 1602)
  • 1660Paul Scarron, French poet and author (b. 1610)
  • 1661Guru Har Rai, Indian 7th Sikh guru (b. 1630)
  • 1688Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English soldier and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica (b. 1652)
  • 1762Francesco Manfredini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1684)
  • 1819Charles Emmanuel IV, king of Sardinia (b. 1751)
  • 1829Pierre Derbigny, French-American politician, 6th Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)
  • 1836Johannes Jelgerhuis, Dutch painter and actor (b. 1770)
  • 1873Paweł Strzelecki, Polish-English geologist and explorer (b. 1797)
  • 1883Dục Đức, Vietnamese emperor (b. 1852)
  • 1891Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish politician (b. 1846)
  • 1892Alfred, Lord Tennyson, English poet (b. 1809)
  • 1912Auguste Beernaert, Belgian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1829)
  • 1923Damat Ferid Pasha, Ottoman politician, 285th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1853)
  • 1942Siegmund Glücksmann, German politician (b. 1884)
  • 1945Leonardo Conti, German SS officer (b. 1900)
  • 1947Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1951Will Keith Kellogg, American businessman, founded the Kellogg Company (b. 1860)
  • 1951 – Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-American physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1959Bernard Berenson, American historian and author (b. 1865)
  • 1962Tod Browning, American actor, director, screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1968Phyllis Nicolson, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1917)
  • 1969Walter Hagen, American golfer (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Otto Steinböck, Austrian zoologist (b. 1893)
  • 1972Cléo de Verberena, Brazilian actress and film director (born c. 1909)[4]
  • 1973Sidney Blackmer, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – François Cevert, French race car driver (b. 1944)
  • 1973 – Dick Laan, Dutch actor, screenwriter, and author (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Dennis Price, English actor (b. 1915)
  • 1973 – Margaret Wilson, American missionary and author (b. 1882)
  • 1974Helmuth Koinigg, Austrian race car driver (b. 1948)
  • 1976Gilbert Ryle, English philosopher and author (b. 1900)
  • 1978Johnny O'Keefe, Australian singer-songwriter (b. 1935)
  • 1979Elizabeth Bishop, American poet and short-story writer (b. 1911)
  • 1980Hattie Jacques, English actress and producer (b. 1922)
  • 1980 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (b. 1921)
  • 1981Anwar Sadat, Egyptian colonel and politician, 3rd President of Egypt, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1983Terence Cooke, American cardinal (b. 1921)
  • 1985Nelson Riddle, American composer, conductor, and bandleader (b. 1921)
  • 1986Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1921)
  • 1989Bette Davis, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1990Bahriye Üçok, Turkish sociologist and politician (b. 1919)
  • 1991Igor Talkov, Russian singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 1992Denholm Elliott, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Bill O'Reilly, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1905)
  • 1993Nejat Eczacıbaşı, Turkish chemist, businessman, and philanthropist, founded Eczacıbaşı (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Larry Walters, American truck driver and pilot (b. 1949)
  • 1995Benoît Chamoux, French mountaineer (b. 1961)
  • 1997Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player and manager (b. 1914)
  • 1998Mark Belanger, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 1999Amália Rodrigues, Portuguese singer and actress (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Gorilla Monsoon, American wrestler and sportscaster (b. 1937)
  • 2000Richard Farnsworth, American actor and stuntman (b. 1920)
  • 2001Arne Harris, American director and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2002Prince Claus of the Netherlands (b. 1926)
  • 2006Bertha Brouwer, Dutch sprinter (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Eduardo Mignogna, Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Wilson Tucker, American author and critic (b. 1914)
  • 2007Babasaheb Bhosale, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 1921)
  • 2007 – Laxmi Mall Singhvi, Indian scholar, jurist, and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2008Peter Cox, Australian public servant and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2009Douglas Campbell, Scottish-Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2010Rhys Isaac, South-African-Australian historian and author (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Antonie Kamerling, Dutch television and film actor, and musician (b. 1966)
  • 2011Diane Cilento, Australian actress and author (b. 1933)
  • 2012Chadli Bendjedid, Algerian colonel and politician, 3rd President of Algeria (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Anthony John Cooke, English organist and composer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Nick Curran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1977)
  • 2012 – Albert, Margrave of Meissen (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Joseph Meyer, American lawyer and politician, 19th Secretary of State of Wyoming (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – B. Satya Narayan Reddy, Indian lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of West Bengal (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – J. J. C. Smart, English-Australian philosopher and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013Ulysses Curtis, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Rift Fournier, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Paul Rogers, English actor (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Nico van Kampen, Dutch physicist and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2014Vic Braden, American tennis player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Igor Mitoraj, German-Polish sculptor (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Diane Nyland, Canadian actress, director and choreographer (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Marian Seldes, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Serhiy Zakarlyuka, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1976)
  • 2014 – Feridun Buğeker, Turkish football player (b. 1933)
  • 2015Árpád Göncz, Hungarian author, playwright, and politician, 1st President of Hungary (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Juan Vicente Ugarte del Pino, Peruvian historian, lawyer, and jurist (b. 1923)
  • 2017Ralphie May, American stand-up comedian and actor (b. 1972)
  • 2017 – David Marks, British architect, designer of the London Eye (b. 1952)
  • 2018Scott Wilson, American actor (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano (b. 1933)
  • 2019Ginger Baker, English drummer (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Eddie Lumsden, Australian rugby league player (b. 1936)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Marie Rose Durocher
    • Blessed Juan de Palafox y Mendoza
    • Bruno of Cologne
    • Faith
    • Mary Frances of the Five Wounds
    • Pardulphus
    • Sagar of Laodicea
    • October 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • William Tyndale (commemoration, Anglicanism), with Myles Coverdale (Episcopal Church (USA))
  • World Space Week (October 4–10)
  • Day of Commemoration and National Mourning (Turkmenistan)
  • Dukla Pass Victims Day (Slovakia)
  • German-American Day (United States)
  • Memorial Day for the Martyrs of Arad (Hungary)
  • Teachers' Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Yom Kippur War commemorations:
    • Armed Forces Day (Egypt)
    • Tishreen Liberation Day (Syria)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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