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  2020 (Sunday)
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Events

  • AD 23 – Rebels sack the Chinese capital Chang'an during a peasant rebellion.
  • 1302 – The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.
  • 1363Battle of Lake Poyang: In one of the largest naval battles in history, Zhu Yuanzhang's rebels defeat rival Chen Youliang.
  • 1511 – Formation of the Holy League of Aragon, the Papal States and Venice against France.
  • 1535 – The Coverdale Bible is printed, with translations into English by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale.[1]
  • 1582 – The Gregorian Calendar is introduced by Pope Gregory XIII.
  • 1597 – Governor Gonzalo Méndez de Canço begins to suppress a native uprising against his rule in what is now Georgia.
  • 1636 – Thirty Years' War: The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.
  • 1693 – Nine Years' War: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under William Howe.
  • 1795 – Napoleon first rises to prominence by suppressing counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention.
  • 1824 – Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution takes legal form when the provisional government secedes from the Netherlands.
  • 1853 – The Crimean War begins when the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire.
  • 1876 – The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas opens as the first public college in Texas.
  • 1883 – First run of the Orient Express.
  • 1883 – First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1895Horace Rawlins wins the first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship.
  • 1904 – The IFK Göteborg football club is founded in Sweden.
  • 1917World War I: The Battle of Broodseinde is fought between the British and German armies in Flanders.
  • 1918 – World War I: An explosion kills more than 100 people and destroys a Shell Loading Plant in New Jersey.
  • 1927Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mount Rushmore.
  • 1936 – The British Union of Fascists and various anti-fascist organizations violently clash in the Battle of Cable Street.
  • 1941 – Norman Rockwell's Willie Gillis character debuts on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
  • 1957Sputnik 1 becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
  • 1958 – The current constitution of France is adopted.
  • 1960 – An airliner crashes on takeoff from Boston's Logan International Airport, killing 62 people.
  • 1963Hurricane Flora kills 6,000 in Cuba and Haiti.
  • 1965Pope Paul VI begins the first papal visit to the Americas.
  • 1966Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.
  • 1967Omar Ali Saifuddien III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son.
  • 1983Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of Script error: No such module "convert". at the Black Rock Desert in Nevada.
  • 1985 – The Free Software Foundation is founded.
  • 1991 – The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.
  • 1992 – The Rome General Peace Accords end a 16-year civil war in Mozambique.
  • 1992 – El Al Flight 1862 crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 39 on the ground.
  • 1993Battle of Mogadishu occurs killing 18 U.S. Special Forces, two UN Peacekeepers and at least 600 Somalian militia men and civilians.
  • 1993 – Tanks bombard the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Yeltsin rally outside.
  • 1997 – The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs in North Carolina
  • 2001Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes after being struck by an errant Ukrainian missile. Seventy-eight people are killed.
  • 2003 – The Maxim restaurant suicide bombing Israel kills twenty-one Israelis, both Jews and Arabs.
  • 2004SpaceShipOne wins the Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight.
  • 2006WikiLeaks is launched.
  • 2010 – The Ajka plant accident Hungary releases a million cubic metres of liquid alumina sludge, killing nine, injuring 122, and severely contaminating two major rivers.
  • 2017 – Nigerien and U.S. Special Forces are ambushed by Islamic State militants outside the village of Tongo Tongo.

Births

  • 1160Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
  • 1274Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1319)
  • 1276Margaret of Brabant (d. 1311)
  • 1289Louis X of France (d. 1316)
  • 1331James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (d. 1382)
  • 1379Henry III of Castile (d. 1406)
  • 1507Francis Bigod, English noble (d. 1537)
  • 1515Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (d. 1586)
  • 1522Gabriele Paleotti, Catholic cardinal (d. 1597)
  • 1524Francisco Vallés, Spanish physician (d. 1592)
  • 1532Francisco de Toledo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1596)
  • 1542Robert Bellarmine, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1621)
  • 1550Charles IX of Sweden (d. 1611)
  • 1562Christen Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer and author (d. 1647)
  • 1570Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and philosopher (d. 1637)
  • 1579Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal (d. 1644)
  • 1585Anna of Tyrol, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1618)
  • 1625Jacqueline Pascal, French nun and composer (d. 1661)
  • 1626Richard Cromwell, English academic and politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain (d. 1712)
  • 1633Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1657Francesco Solimena, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1747)
  • 1694Lord George Murray, Scottish Jacobite General (d. 1760)
  • 1720Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian sculptor and illustrator (d. 1778)
  • 1723Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist and author (d. 1798)
  • 1759Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician and academic (d. 1803)
  • 1768Francisco José de Caldas, Colombian naturalist, executed by royalists in the war of independence (d. 1816)
  • 1787François Guizot, French historian and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1874)
  • 1793Charles Pearson, English lawyer and politician (d. 1862)
  • 1807Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, Canadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Premier of Canada East (d. 1864)
  • 1814Jean-François Millet, French painter and educator (d. 1875)
  • 1822Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
  • 1835Jenny Twitchell Kempton, American opera singer and educator (d. 1921)
  • 1836Juliette Adam, French author (d. 1936)
  • 1837Auguste-Réal Angers, Canadian judge and politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1919)
  • 1841Prudente de Morais, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • 1841 – Maria Sophie of Bavaria (d. 1925)
  • 1843Marie-Alphonsine Danil Ghattas, Palestinian nun and Catholic Saint (d. 1927)
  • 1858Léon Serpollet, French businessman (d. 1903)
  • 1861Walter Rauschenbusch, American pastor and theologian (d. 1918)
  • 1861 – Frederic Remington, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1909)
  • 1862Edward Stratemeyer, American author and publisher (d. 1930)
  • 1868Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 20th President of Argentina (d. 1942)
  • 1874John Ellis, English executioner (d. 1932)
  • 1876Florence Eliza Allen, American mathematician and suffrage activist (d. 1960)
  • 1877Razor Smith, English cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1879Robert Edwards, American artist, musician, and writer (d. 1948)[2]
  • 1880Damon Runyon, American newspaperman and short story writer. (d. 1946)
  • 1881Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (d. 1948)
  • 1884Ramchandra Shukla, Indian historian and author (d. 1941)
  • 1888Lucy Tayiah Eads, American tribal chief (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1954)
  • 1890Alan L. Hart, American physician and author (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Osman Cemal Kaygılı, Turkish writer and journalist (d. 1945)
  • 1892Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian soldier and politician, 14th Federal Chancellor of Austria (d. 1934)
  • 1892 – Hermann Glauert, English aerodynamicist and author (d. 1934)
  • 1892 – Robert Lawson, American author and illustrator (d. 1957)
  • 1895Buster Keaton, American film actor, director, and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Richard Sorge, German journalist and spy (d. 1944)
  • 1896Dorothy Lawrence, English reporter, who secretly posed as a man to become a soldier during World War I (d. 1964)
  • 1900August Mälk, Estonian author and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1903Bona Arsenault, Canadian genealogist, historian, and politician (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and academic, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Pierre Garbay, French general (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian-German lawyer and general (d. 1946)
  • 1906Mary Celine Fasenmyer, American mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1907Alain Daniélou, French-Swiss historian and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1910Frankie Crosetti, American baseball player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı, Turkish poet and author (d. 1956)
  • 1913Martial Célestin, Haitian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Haiti (d. 2011)
  • 1914Jim Cairns, Australian economist and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Brendan Gill, American journalist and essayist (d. 1997)
  • 1916Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Jan Murray, American comedian, actor, and game show host (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – George Sidney, American director and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1917Violeta Parra, Chilean singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1967)
  • 1918Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1921Stella Pevsner, American children's author (d. 2020)[3]
  • 1922Malcolm Baldrige, Jr., American businessman and politician, 26th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean-Japanese businessman, founded Lotte Group (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Don Lenhardt, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1923Charlton Heston, American actor, director and gun rights activist (d. 2008)
  • 1924Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author (d. 2012)
  • 1925Roger Wood, Belgian-American journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1926Raymond Watson, American businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1927Wolf Kahn, American painter and academic
  • 1928Alvin Toffler, German-American journalist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Torben Ulrich, Danish-American tennis player
  • 1929Scotty Beckett, American actor and singer (d. 1968)
  • 1929 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Leroy Van Dyke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1931Terence Conran, English designer and businessman
  • 1931 – Basil D'Oliveira, South African-English cricketer and footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Richard Rorty, American philosopher and author (d. 2007)
  • 1933German Moreno, Filipino television host and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Ann Thwaite, English author
  • 1934Sam Huff, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1936Charlie Hurley, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1936 – Giles Radice, Baron Radice, English politician
  • 1937Jackie Collins, English-American author and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – David Crocker, American philosopher and academic
  • 1937 – Gail Gilmore, Canadian-American actress and dancer (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – Lloyd Green, American steel guitar player
  • 1937 – Jim Sillars, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1938Kurt Wüthrich, Swiss chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Norman D. Wilson, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1939Ivan Mauger, New Zealand speedway rider (d. 2018)
  • 1940Vic Hadfield, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Silvio Marzolini, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Steve Swallow, American bass player and composer
  • 1940 – Alberto Vilar, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1941Roy Blount, Jr., American humorist and journalist
  • 1941 – Karen Cushman, American author
  • 1941 – Karl Oppitzhauser, Austrian race car driver
  • 1941 – Anne Rice, American author
  • 1941 – Robert Wilson, American director and playwright
  • 1942Bernice Johnson Reagon, American singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1967)
  • 1942 – Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Icelandic politician, 24th Prime Minister of Iceland
  • 1942 – Christopher Stone, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1943H. Rap Brown, American activist
  • 1943 – Owen Davidson, Australian tennis player
  • 1943 – Karl-Gustav Kaisla, Finnish ice hockey player and referee (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Dietmar Mürdter, German footballer
  • 1943 – Jimy Williams, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944Colin Bundy, South African-English historian and academic
  • 1944 – Rocío Dúrcal, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Tony La Russa, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – John McFall, Baron McFall of Alcluith, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1945Clifton Davis, American singer-songwriter, actor, and minister
  • 1946Larry Clapp, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Chuck Hagel, American sergeant and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1946 – Michael Mullen, American admiral
  • 1946 – Susan Sarandon, American actress and activist
  • 1947Julien Clerc, French singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1947 – Jim Fielder, American bass player
  • 1947 – Ann Widdecombe, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Health
  • 1948Iain Hewitson, New Zealand-Australian chef, restaurateur, author, and television personality
  • 1948 – Linda McMahon, American businesswoman and politician
  • 1948 – Duke Robillard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949Armand Assante, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet and author
  • 1952Anita DeFrantz, American rower and sports administrator
  • 1952 – Jody Stephens, American rock drummer
  • 1952 – Zinha Vaz, Bissau-Guinean women's rights activist and politician
  • 1953Gil Moore, Canadian singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1953 – Andreas Vollenweider, Swiss harp player
  • 1955John Rutherford, Scottish rugby player
  • 1955 – Jorge Valdano, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1956Lesley Glaister, English author and playwright
  • 1956 – Charlie Leibrandt, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Sherri Turner, American golfer
  • 1956 – Christoph Waltz, Austrian-German actor
  • 1957Bill Fagerbakke, American actor
  • 1957 – Yngve Moe, Norwegian bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1957 – Russell Simmons, American businessman, founded Def Jam Recordings and Phat Farm
  • 1958Barbara Kooyman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Anneka Rice, Welsh radio and television host
  • 1959Chris Lowe, English singer and keyboard player
  • 1959 – Tony Meo, English snooker player
  • 1959 – Hitonari Tsuji, Japanese author, composer, and director
  • 1960Joe Boever, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Henry Worsley, English colonel and explorer (d. 2016)
  • 1961Philippe Russo, French singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese author and illustrator, created Yu-Gi-Oh!
  • 1961 – Jon Secada, Cuban-American singer-songwriter
  • 1962Carlos Carsolio, Mexican mountaineer
  • 1963A. C. Green, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Koji Ishikawa, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1964Francis Magalona, Filipino rapper, producer, and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1964 – Yvonne Murray, Scottish runner
  • 1965Olaf Backasch, German footballer
  • 1965 – Skip Heller, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Steve Olin, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1965 – Micky Ward, American boxer
  • 1967Nick Green, Australian rower
  • 1967 – Liev Schreiber, American actor and director
  • 1968Richard Hancox, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Tim Wise, American activist and author
  • 1971Darren Middleton, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972Kurt Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1974Paco León, Spanish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975Cristiano Lucarelli, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1976Mauro Camoranesi, Argentinian-Italian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Elisandro Naressi Roos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Alicia Silverstone, American actress, producer, and author
  • 1976 – Ueli Steck, Swiss mountaineer and rock climber (d. 2017)
  • 1977Richard Reed Parry, Canadian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1978Phillip Glasser, American actor and producer
  • 1978 – Kei Horie, Japanese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Kyle Lohse, American baseball player
  • 1979Rachael Leigh Cook, American actress
  • 1979 – Björn Phau, German tennis player
  • 1979 – Adam Voges, Australian cricketer
  • 1980Sarah Fisher, American race car driver
  • 1980 – James Jones, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Tomáš Rosický, Czech footballer
  • 1981Shaura, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Justin Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982Tony Gwynn, Jr., American baseball player
  • 1982 – Jered Weaver, American baseball player
  • 1983Dan Clarke, English race car driver
  • 1983 – Marios Nicolaou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Chansi Stuckey, American football player
  • 1983 – Kurt Suzuki, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Vicky Krieps, Luxembourgish actress
  • 1984Lena Katina, Russian singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Álvaro Parente, Portuguese race car driver
  • 1984 – Karolina Tymińska, Polish heptathlete
  • 1985Shontelle, Barbadian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Thorsten Wiedemann, German rugby player
  • 1987Rawez Lawan, Swedish footballer
  • 1987 – Will Puddy, English footballer
  • 1987 – Marina Weisband, German politician
  • 1988Melissa Benoist, American actress and singer
  • 1988 – Caner Erkin, Turkish footballer
  • 1988 – Evgeni Krasnopolski, Israeli figure skater
  • 1988 – Derrick Rose, American basketball player[4]
  • 1989Dakota Johnson, American model and actress
  • 1990Signy Aarna, Estonian footballer
  • 1990 – Sergey Shubenkov, Russian hurdler[5]
  • 1993Mitchell Swepson, Australian cricketer[6]
  • 1995Mikolas Josef, Czech Republic singer and songwriter[7]
  • 1997 - Rishabh Pant, Indian Cricketer[8]

Deaths

  • AD 23Wang Mang, Emperor of China
  • 744Yazid III, Umayyad caliph (b. 701)
  • 863Turpio, Frankish nobleman
  • 1052Vladimir of Novgorod (b. 1020)
  • 1160Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
  • 1189Gerard de Ridefort, Grand Master of the Knights Templar
  • 1221William IV Talvas, Count of Ponthieu (b. 1179)
  • 1226Francis of Assisi (b. 1182)
  • 1227Caliph al-Adil of Morocco[9]
  • 1250Herman VI, Margrave of Baden (b. 1226)
  • 1305Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
  • 1361John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, English baron (b. 1310)
  • 1497John, Prince of Asturias, only son of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile (b. 1478)
  • 1582Teresa of Ávila, Spanish nun and saint (b. 1515)
  • 1597Sarsa Dengel, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1550)
  • 1646Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English courtier and politician, Earl Marshal of the United Kingdom (b. 1586)
  • 1660Francesco Albani, Italian painter (b. 1578)
  • 1661Jacqueline Pascal, French nun and composer (b. 1625)
  • 1669Rembrandt, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1606)
  • 1680Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer, designed the Canal du Midi (b. 1609)
  • 1743John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish commander and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Surrey (b. 1678)
  • 1749Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
  • 1821John Rennie the Elder, Scottish engineer, designed the Waterloo Bridge (b. 1761)
  • 1827Grigorios Zalykis, Greek-French lexicographer and scholar (b. 1785)
  • 1851Manuel Godoy, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1767)
  • 1852James Whitcomb, American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Indiana (b. 1795)
  • 1859Karl Baedeker, German publisher, founded Baedeker (b. 1801)
  • 1864Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strongman (b. 1802)
  • 1867Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American priest and missionary (b. 1819)
  • 1871Sarel Cilliers, South African spiritual leader and preacher (b. 1801)
  • 1890Catherine Booth, English theologian and saint, co-founded The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • 1903Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher and author (b. 1880)
  • 1904Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (b. 1834)
  • 1904 – Carl Josef Bayer, Austrian chemist and academic (b. 1847)
  • 1910Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician (b. 1850)
  • 1935Jean Béraud, French painter and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano, actress, and director (b. 1874)
  • 1943Irena Iłłakowicz, German-Polish lieutenant (b. 1906)
  • 1944Al Smith, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Governor of New York (b. 1873)
  • 1946Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and actor (b. 1878)
  • 1947Max Planck, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1858)
  • 1951Henrietta Lacks, American medical patient (b. 1920)
  • 1955Alexander Papagos, Greek general and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1883)
  • 1958Ida Wüst, German actress and screenwriter (b. 1884)
  • 1961Benjamin, Russian metropolitan (b. 1880)
  • 1963Alar Kotli, Estonian architect (b. 1904)
  • 1970Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1974Anne Sexton, American poet and author (b. 1928)
  • 1975Joan Whitney Payson, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1903)
  • 1977José Ber Gelbard, Argentinian activist and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1980Pyotr Masherov, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Byelorussia (b. 1918)
  • 1981Freddie Lindstrom, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 1982Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and conductor (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Stefanos Stefanopoulos, Greek politician, 165th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1898)
  • 1988Zlatko Grgić, Croatian-Canadian animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 1989Graham Chapman, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1990Mārtiņš Zīverts, Latvian playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1992Denny Hulme, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 1994Danny Gatton, American guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 1997Otto Ernst Remer, German general (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese game designer, created Game Boy (b. 1941)
  • 1998S. Arasaratnam, Sri Lankan historian and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1999Erik Brødreskift, Norwegian drummer (b. 1969)
  • 1999 – Bernard Buffet, French painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Art Farmer, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2000Yu Kuo-hwa, Chinese politician, 32nd Premier of the Republic of China (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2001Blaise Alexander, American race car driver (b. 1976)
  • 2001 – John Collins, American guitarist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Ahron Soloveichik, Russian rabbi and scholar (b. 1917)
  • 2002André Delvaux, Belgian-Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2003Sid McMath, American lawyer and politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1912)
  • 2004Gordon Cooper, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927)
  • 2005Stanley K. Hathaway, American lawyer and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1924)
  • 2007Qassem Al-Nasser, Jordanian general (b. 1925)
  • 2009Gerhard Kaufhold, German footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2009 – Günther Rall, German general and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 2010Norman Wisdom, English actor, comedian, and singer-songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2011Doris Belack, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012David Atkinson, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Stan Mudenge, Zimbabwean historian and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Tom Stannage, Australian footballer, historian, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013John Cloudsley-Thompson, Pakistani-English commander (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ulric Cross, Trinidadian navigator, judge, and diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Akira Miyoshi, Japanese composer (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Diana Nasution, Indonesian singer (b. 1958)
  • 2013 – Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general and politician, 3rd Minister of Defence for Vietnam (b. 1911)
  • 2013 – Nicholas Oresko, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1917)
  • 2014Konrad Boehmer, German-Dutch composer and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Hugo Carvana, Brazilian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Fyodor Cherenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician, 41st President of Haiti (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Jewel Joseph Newman, American sergeant and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2015William A. Culpepper, American general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Edida Nageswara Rao, Indian director and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Dave Pike, American vibraphone player and songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Neal Walk, American basketball player (b. 1948)[10]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Amun
    • Francis of Assisi
    • Petronius of Bologna
    • October 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Cinnamon Roll Day (Sweden)
  • Day of Peace and Reconciliation (Mozambique)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Lesotho from the United Kingdom in 1966.
  • The beginning of World Space Week (International)
  • World Animal Day

References

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  9. Kennedy, Hugh (1996) Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of al-Andalus. London: Addison-Wesley-Longman
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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