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Events

  • 2457 BCGaecheonjeol, Hwanung (환웅) purportedly descended from heaven. South Korea's National Foundation Day.
  • 52 BCVercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia.
  • 42 BC – Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 382 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans.
  • 1283Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 1392Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.
  • 1574 – The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683 – Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang receives the surrender of the Tungning kingdom on Taiwan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims a Thanksgiving Day for that year.
  • 1792 – A militia departs from the Spanish stronghold of Valdivia to quell a Huilliche uprising in southern Chile.[1]
  • 1795 – Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1873 – Chief Kintpuash and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War of northern California.
  • 1912 – U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill.
  • 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1929 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Yugoslavia by King Alexander I.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded.
  • 1932Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1935 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • 1942 – A German V-2 rocket reaches a record 85 km (46 nm) in altitude.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces murder 92 civilians in Lyngiades, Greece.
  • 1949WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1951 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San pits Commonwealth troops against communist Chinese troops.
  • 1952 – The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world's third nuclear power.
  • 1957 – The California State Superior Court rules that the book Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
  • 1962 – Project Mercury: Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral for a six-orbit flight.
  • 1963A violent coup in Honduras begins two decades of military rule.
  • 1978 – A Finnish Air Force DC-3 crashes, killing all 15 people on board.
  • 1981 – The hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1985 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.
  • 1986TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories in Canada, is officially opened.
  • 1989 – A coup in Panama City is suppressed and 11 participants are executed.
  • 1990 – The German Democratic Republic is abolished and becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1991Nadine Gordimer is announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.[2]
  • 1993 – An American attack against a warlord in Mogadishu fails; eighteen US soldiers and over 350 Somalis die.
  • 1995 – The O. J. Simpson murder case ended with a verdict of not guilty.
  • 2008 – The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for the U.S. financial system is signed by President George W. Bush.
  • 2009 – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey join together in the Turkic Council.
  • 2010 – The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.
  • 2013 – At least 360 migrants are killed when their boat sinks near the Italian island of Lampedusa.
  • 2015 – Forty-two are killed and 33 go missing in the Kunduz hospital airstrike.
  • 2017King Felipe VI of Spain made a special televised speech on Catalan independence referendum crisis.

Births

  • 85 BCGaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (d. 42 BC)
  • 1292Eleanor de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1337)
  • 1390Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1447)
  • 1458Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland and Duke of Lithuania (d. 1484)
  • 1554Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (d. 1628)
  • 1610Gabriel Lalemant, French-Canadian missionary and saint (d. 1649)
  • 1631Sebastian Anton Scherer, German organist and composer (d. 1712)
  • 1713Antoine Dauvergne, French violinist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1716Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1781)
  • 1720Johann Uz, German poet and judge (d. 1796)
  • 1790John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)
  • 1797Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1804Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French author, translator, educator and founder of modern Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1828Woldemar Bargiel, German composer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1837Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (d. 1885)
  • 1846James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1848Henry Lerolle, French painter and art collector (d. 1929)
  • 1858Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924)
  • 1862Johnny Briggs, English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1902)
  • 1863Pyotr Kozlov, Russian archaeologist and explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1865Gustave Loiseau, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1866Josephine Sabel, American singer & comedian (d. 1945)
  • 1867Pierre Bonnard, French painter (d. 1947)
  • 1869Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1942)
  • 1875Dr. Atl, Mexican painter (d. 1964)
  • 1879Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938)
  • 1882A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1885Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886Alain-Fournier, French soldier, author, and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1888Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943)
  • 1889Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1890Emilio Portes Gil, Mexican politician, President of Mexico 1928-1930 (d. 1978)
  • 1894Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Walter Warlimont, German general (d. 1976)
  • 1895Giovanni Comisso, Italian author and poet (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1896Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1897Louis Aragon, French author and poet (d. 1982)
  • 1898Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Adolf Reichwein, German economist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1899Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1900Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1901Jean Grémillon, French director, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1904Ernst-Günther Schenck, German colonel and physician (d. 1998)
  • 1905Tekin Arıburun, Turkish soldier and politician, President of Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1906Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1908Johnny Burke, American songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1911Michael Hordern, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1916James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (d. 1995)
  • 1919James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1921Ray Lindwall, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1996)
  • 1923Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1924 – Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1925Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival
  • 1928Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese academic and politician, 2nd Commonwealth Secretary-General
  • 1931Glenn Hall, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1932Terence English, South African-English surgeon and academic
  • 1933Neale Fraser, Australian tennis player
  • 1934Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist
  • 1934 – Miguel-Ángel Cárdenas, Colombian-Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Simon Nicholson, English sculptor and painter (d. 1990)
  • 1935Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut[3]
  • 1936Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1938Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1938 – David Hart Dyke, English captain
  • 1938 – Jack Hodgins, Canadian author and academic
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1940Alan O'Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Jean Ratelle, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer (d. 2019)
  • 1941Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Andrea de Adamich, Italian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1941 – John Elliott, Australian businessman
  • 1943Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico
  • 1943 – Baki İlkin, Turkish civil servant and diplomat
  • 1944Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician and academic
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor
  • 1945Tony Brown, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Christopher Bruce, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1945 – Jo Ritzen, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Education
  • 1946P. P. Arnold, American soul singer
  • 1947John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Anne Dorte of Rosenborg (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Takis Michalos, Greek water polo player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1949Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – J. P. Dutta, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Aleksandr Rogozhkin, Russian director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director
  • 1950Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player
  • 1951Keb' Mo', American blues musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1952Bruce Arians, American football coach
  • 1952 – Gary Troup, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1954Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1955Moshe Kam, American engineering educator
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – Buket Uzuner, Turkish author
  • 1956Hart Bochner, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957Roberto Azevêdo, Brazilian engineer and diplomat, 6th Director-General of the World Trade Organization
  • 1957 – Tim Westwood, English radio and television host
  • 1958Chen Yanyin, Chinese sculptor
  • 1958 – Louise Lecavalier, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1959Craig Bellamy, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor and singer
  • 1961Rebecca Stephens, English journalist and mountaineer
  • 1961 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer, and musicologist
  • 1962Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1962 – Simon Scarrow, Nigerian-English novelist
  • 1963Benny Anders, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player
  • 1964Clive Owen, English actor
  • 1965Annemarie Verstappen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1965 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
  • 1966Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968Paul Crichton, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Marko Rajamäki, Finnish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Donald Sild, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1969Garry Herbert, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1969 – Tetsuya, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1970Elmar Liitmaa, Estonian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Jimmy Ray, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1972Komla Dumor, Ghanaian-English journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman
  • 1973Neve Campbell, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach
  • 1973 – Lena Headey, British actress
  • 1973 – Eirik Hegdal, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1974Mike Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1975India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Phil Greening, English rugby player and coach
  • 1975 – Satoko Ishimine, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976Herman Li, Hong Kong-English guitarist and producer
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer
  • 1977Daniel Hollie, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Luca Tognozzi, Italian footballer
  • 1978Gerald Asamoah, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1978 – Neil Clement, English footballer
  • 1978 – Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian footballer
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1979 – John Morrison, American wrestler and actor
  • 1979 – Danny O'Donoghue, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1980Anquan Boldin, American football player
  • 1980 – Sheldon Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Lindsey Kelk, English journalist and author
  • 1980 – Héctor Reynoso, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Ivan Turina, Croatian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1981Danny Coid, English footballer
  • 1981 – Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Andreas Isaksson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Jonna Lee, Swedish singer and musician
  • 1981 – Ronald Rauhe, German kayaker[4]
  • 1981 – Matt Sparrow, English footballer
  • 1983Fred, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Thiago Alves, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Andreas Papathanasiou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Tessa Thompson, American actress
  • 1984Yoon Eun-hye, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1984 – Bruno Gervais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Jessica Parker Kennedy, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Anthony Le Tallec, French footballer
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1985Courtney Lee, American basketball player
  • 1986Lewis Brown, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1986 – Jackson Martínez, Colombian footballer
  • 1987Robert Grabarz, English high jumper
  • 1987 – Martin Plowman, English race car driver
  • 1987 – Starley, Australian pop singer
  • 1988Alicia Vikander, Swedish actress
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – ASAP Rocky, American rapper and songwriter[5]
  • 1989Nate Montana, American football player
  • 1989 – Alex Trimble, Irish singer
  • 1990Johan Le Bon, French cyclist
  • 1991Jenny McLoughlin, English sprinter
  • 1991 – Aki Takajo, Japanese singer
  • 1993Raffaele Di Gennaro, Italian footballer
  • 1994Victoria Bosio, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1995Lil Tracy, American rapper
  • 1997Jin Boyang, Chinese figure skater

Deaths

  • 42 BCGaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (b. 85 BC)
  • 723Elias I of Antioch, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.[6]
  • 818Ermengarde, queen of the Franks
  • 900Muhammad ibn Zayd, Tabaristan emir
  • 959Gérard of Brogne, Frankish abbot
  • 1078Iziaslav I of Kiev (b. 1024)
  • 1226Francis of Assisi, Italian friar and saint (b. 1181)
  • 1283Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Welsh prince (b. 1238)
  • 1369Margaret, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1399Eleanor de Bohun, English noble (b. 1360)
  • 1568Elisabeth of Valois (b. 1545)
  • 1596Florent Chrestien, French poet (b. 1541)
  • 1611Charles, Duke of Mayenne (b. 1554)
  • 1629Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian commander and politician (b. 1570)
  • 1649Giovanni Diodati, Swiss-Italian clergyman and theologian (b. 1576)
  • 1653Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch linguist and academic (b. 1612)
  • 1656Myles Standish, English captain (b. 1584)
  • 1690Robert Barclay, Scottish theologian and politician, 2nd Governor of East Jersey (b. 1648)
  • 1701Joseph Williamson, English politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1633)
  • 1801Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1724)
  • 1833François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general and engineer (b. 1754)
  • 1838Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
  • 1860Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1867Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1873Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1877James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1877 – Rómulo Díaz de la Vega, Mexican general and president (1855) (b. 1800)[7]
  • 1881Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1890Joseph Hergenröther, German historian and cardinal (b. 1824)
  • 1891Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1842)
  • 1896William Morris, English author and poet (b. 1834)
  • 1907Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1911Rosetta Jane Birks, Australian suffragist (b. 1856)[8]
  • 1917Eduardo Di Capua, Neapolitan composer, singer and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1929Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1929 – Gustav Stresemann, German politician, Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1878)
  • 1931Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1865)
  • 1936John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1953Arnold Bax, English composer and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1959Tochigiyama Moriya, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 27th Yokozuna (b. 1892)
  • 1963Refet Bele, Turkish general (b. 1877)
  • 1965Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1966Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish physicist and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1967Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Malcolm Sargent, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1969Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1979Nicos Poulantzas, Greek-French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1936)
  • 1980Friedrich Karm, Estonian footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1981Anna Hedvig Büll, Estonian-German missionary (b. 1887)
  • 1986Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1987Jean Anouilh, French playwright and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish painter (b. 1947)
  • 1988Franz Josef Strauss, Bavarian lieutenant and politician, Minister President of Bavaria (b. 1915)
  • 1990Stefano Casiraghi, Italian-Monegasque businessman (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1993Katerina Gogou, Greek actress, poet, and author (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1994John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Dub Taylor, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995Ma. Po. Si., Indian author and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1997Michael Adekunle Ajasin, Nigerian politician, 3rd Governor of Ondo State (b. 1908)
  • 1998Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1999Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 2000Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 2001Costas Hajihristos, Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2002Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2003Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2004John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005Ronnie Barker, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nurettin Ersin, Turkish general (b. 1918)
  • 2006Lucilla Andrews, Egyptian-Scottish nurse and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – John Crank, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Norman, Australian runner (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Alberto Ramento, Filipino bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2007M. N. Vijayan, Indian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2009Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Olga Dahl, Swedish genealogist (b. 1917)
  • 2010Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1921)
  • 2012Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Billy Hullin, Welsh rugby player (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Albie Roles, English footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2013Sari Abacha, Nigerian footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2013 – Sergei Belov, Russian basketball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Frank D'Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel movement (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Joan Thirsk, English cryptologist, historian, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014Ewen Gilmour, New Zealand comedian and television host (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Jean-Jacques Marcel, French footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Ward Ruyslinck, Belgian author (b. 1929)
  • 2015Denis Healey, English soldier and politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Pakistani historian and author (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Javed Iqbal, Pakistani philosopher and judge (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Gerald Squires, Canadian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)
  • 2018Peter Wales, English cricketer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abd-al-Masih
    • Adalgott
    • Blessed Szilárd Bogdánffy
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Émilie de Villeneuve
    • Ewald the Black and Ewald the Fair
    • Francis Borgia
    • George Bell and John Raleigh Mott (Episcopal Church)
    • Gerard of Brogne
    • Hesychius of Sinai
    • Théodore Guérin
    • October 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • German Unity Day (Germany)
  • Morazán Day (Honduras)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Iraq from the United Kingdom in 1932.
  • National Foundation Day or Gaecheonjeol (South Korea)
  • On social media: "Mean Girls Day", a widespread phenomenon in celebration of the film Mean Girls[9]
  • On social media: "Fullmetal Alchemist Day", a similar celebration of the Japanese shōnen manga series Fullmetal Alchemist[10]

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "Citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


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