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Events

  • AD 97 – Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor.
  • 306Maxentius is proclaimed Roman emperor.
  • 312 – Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman emperor in the West.
  • 969 – The Byzantine Empire recovers Antioch from Arab rule.
  • 1344 – The lower town of Smyrna is captured by Crusaders in response to Aydınid piracy.
  • 1420 – Beijing is officially designated the capital of the Ming dynasty when the Forbidden City is completed.
  • 1449Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1453Ladislaus the Posthumous is crowned king of Bohemia in Prague.
  • 1492Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba on his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1516 – Ottoman–Mamluk War: Mamluks fail to stop the Ottoman advance towards Egypt at the Battle of Yaunis Khan.
  • 1531 – Abyssinian–Adal war: The Adal Sultanate seizes southern Ethiopia.
  • 1538 – The Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino is founded in what is now the Dominican Republic.
  • 1628 – French Wars of Religion: The Siege of La Rochelle ends with the surrender of the Huguenots after fourteen months.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony votes to establish a theological college, which would later become Harvard University.
  • 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
  • 1707 – The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Japan.
  • 1726 – The novel Gulliver's Travels is published.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British troops attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Continental Army.
  • 1834 – The Pinjarra massacre occurs in the Swan River Colony. An estimated 30 Noongar people are killed by British colonists.
  • 1835 – The United Tribes of New Zealand are established with the signature of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A Union attack on the Confederate capital is repulsed.
  • 1886 – President Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
  • 1891 – The Mino–Owari earthquake is the largest inland earthquake in Japan's history.
  • 1893 – Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique receives its première performance only nine days before the composer's death.
  • 1918 – First World War: A new Polish government in western Galicia is established, triggering the Polish–Ukrainian War.
  • 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Wilson's veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
  • 1922 – Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
  • 1928 – The "Indonesia Raya", now the national anthem, is first played during the Second Indonesian Youth Congress.
  • 1940 – Second World War: Greece rejects Italy's ultimatum. Italy invades Greece through Albania a few hours later.
  • 1942 – The Alaska Highway first connects Alaska to the North American railway network at Dawson Creek in Canada.
  • 1948 – Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
  • 1949 – An Air France Lockheed Constellation crashes in the Azores, killing all 48 people on board.
  • 1956Hungarian Revolution: A de facto ceasefire comes into effect between armed revolutionaries and Soviet troops, who begin to withdraw from Budapest. Communist officials and facilities come under attack by revolutionaries.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley receives a polio vaccination on national TV.
  • 1958John XXIII is elected Pope.
  • 1962Cuban Missile Crisis: Premier Nikita Khrushchev orders the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba.
  • 1965 – Pope Paul VI promulgates Nostra aetate, by which the Church officially recognizes the legitimacy of non-Christian faiths.
  • 1971Prospero becomes the only British satellite to be launched by a British rocket.
  • 1982 – The Spanish general election begins fourteen years of rule by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.
  • 1990 – Georgia holds its only free election under Soviet rule.
  • 1995 – The Baku Metro fire sees 289 people killed and 270 injured.
  • 2005 – I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby is indicted due to his involvement in the Plame affair.
  • 2006 – A funeral service takes place at the Bykivnia graves for those Ukrainians who were killed by the Soviet secret police.
  • 2007Cristina Fernández de Kirchner becomes the first directly elected female President of Argentina.
  • 2009 – The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213.
  • 2009 – NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its short-lived Constellation program.
  • 2013 – Five people are killed and 38 are injured after a car crashes into barriers at the Tiananmen Square in China.
  • 2014 – A rocket carrying NASA's Cygnus CRS Orb-3 resupply mission to the International Space Station explodes seconds after taking off from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Virginia.

Births

  • 1017Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
  • 1401Thomas St Clere, English landowner (d. 1435)
  • 1466Erasmus, Dutch philosopher (d. 1536)
  • 1479John Gage, English courtier (d. 1556)
  • 1510Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía, Spanish priest and saint, 3rd Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1572)
  • 1550Stanislaus Kostka, Polish saint (d. 1568)
  • 1585Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop and theologian (d. 1638)
  • 1599Marie of the Incarnation, foundress of the Ursuline Monastery in Quebec (d. 1672)
  • 1610Jacob Kettler, German noble (d. 1682)
  • 1667Maria Anna of Neuburg, Queen consort of Spain
  • 1690Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian admiral (d. 1720)
  • 1693Šimon Brixi, Czech composer (d. 1735)
  • 1696Maurice de Saxe, French general (d. 1750)
  • 1703Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1768)
  • 1718Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian priest, mathematician, astronomer, and explorer (d. 1793)
  • 1733Franz Ignaz von Beecke, German composer (d. 1803)
  • 1754John Laurens, American soldier (d. 1782)
  • 1767Marie of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1852)
  • 1793Eliphalet Remington, American businessman, founded Remington Arms (d. 1861)
  • 1794Robert Liston, Scottish surgeon (d. 1847)
  • 1804Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 1849)
  • 1815Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak philologist and politician (d. 1856)
  • 1816Malwida von Meysenbug, German writer (d. 1903)
  • 1837Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1913)
  • 1839Edward P. Allen, American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 1909)
  • 1845Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist (d. 1888)
  • 1846Auguste Escoffier, French chef and author (d. 1935)
  • 1854Jean-Marie Guyau, French philosopher and poet (d. 1888)
  • 1860Kanō Jigorō, Japanese martial artist (d. 1938)
  • 1864Adolfo Camarillo, Mexican-American rancher and philanthropist (d. 1958)
  • 1867Sister Nivedita, Irish-Indian nurse, author, and educator (d. 1911)
  • 1875Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, Turkish-Canadian journalist (d. 1966)
  • 1877Joe Adams, American baseball player and manager (d. 1952)
  • 1879Channing H. Cox, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1880Wilhelm Anderson, Belarusian-Estonian astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Billy Wedlock, English footballer (d. 1965)
  • 1881Vin Coutie, Australian footballer (d. 1951)
  • 1884William Douglas Cook, New Zealand horticulturalist, founded Eastwoodhill Arboretum (d. 1967)
  • 1885Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1886Noel Macklin, English soldier and engineer (d. 1946)
  • 1888Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham (d. 1964)
  • 1889Juliette Béliveau, Canadian actress and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1892Dink Johnson, American pianist, drummer, and clarinet player (d. 1954)
  • 1893Christopher Kelk Ingold, British chemist (d. 1970)
  • 1896Howard Hanson, American composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1981)
  • 1897Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
  • 1897Hans Speidel, German general (d. 1984)
  • 1901Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (d. 1979)
  • 1902Elsa Lanchester, English-American actress and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1903John Chamberlain, American historian, journalist, and critic (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English journalist, author, and critic (d. 1966)
  • 1904George Dangerfield, English-American historian, journalist, and author (d. 1986)
  • 1905Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest, Dutch mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1907John Hewitt, Irish poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1908Arturo Frondizi, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909Francis Bacon, Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1992)
  • 1912Richard Doll, English physiologist and epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • 1914Glenn Robert Davis, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1916Pearl Hackney, English actress (d. 2009)
  • 1917Jack Soo, American actor and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1919Walt Hansgen, American race car driver (d. 1966)
  • 1919 – Hans Klenk, German race car driver (d. 2009)
  • 1921Azumafuji Kin'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 40th Yokozuna (d. 1973)
  • 1922Gershon Kingsley, German-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician, 1st Vice President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1923John Connell, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1924Antonio Creus, Spanish race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Peddibhotla Suryakantam, Telugu actress (d. 1994)
  • 1925Ian Hamilton Finlay, Bahamian-Scottish poet, sculptor, and gardener (d. 2006)
  • 1926Bowie Kuhn, American lawyer and businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1927Cleo Laine, English singer and actress
  • 1928Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1928 – William Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
  • 1929Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Virginia Held, American philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1929 – John Hollander, American poet, critic, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Joan Plowright, English actress
  • 1930Bernie Ecclestone, English businessman
  • 1931Harold Battiste, American saxophonist, pianist, and composer (d. 2015)
  • 1932Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Cyprus (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Suzy Parker, American model and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1933 – Michael Noakes, English painter and illustrator (d. 2018)
  • 1934Charles A. Gargano, American diplomat, businessman and government official
  • 1935Alan Clarke, English director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1936Charlie Daniels, American singer-songwriter, fiddle-player and guitarist (d. 2020)
  • 1936 – Ted Hawkins, American soul-blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1937Graham Bond, English keyboard player, singer, and saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938Keigo Abe, Japanese martial artist and coach
  • 1938 – Kenneth Best, Liberian journalist, founded The Daily Observer
  • 1938 – Howard Blake, English composer and conductor
  • 1938 – Dave Budd, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Gary Cowan, Canadian golfer
  • 1938 – David Dimbleby, English journalist
  • 1938 – Anne Perry, English author
  • 1939Jane Alexander, American actress and producer
  • 1939 – Andy Bey, American singer and pianist
  • 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Slovenian gymnast and lawyer
  • 1939 – Curtis Lee, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1940Susan Harris, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1941Hank Marvin, English singer and guitarist
  • 1942Terence Donovan, English-Australian actor
  • 1942 – Abdelkader Fréha, Algerian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
  • 1942 – Gillian Lovegrove, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1943Jimmy McRae, Scottish race car driver
  • 1943 – Karalyn Patterson, English psychologist and academic
  • 1944Gerry Anderson, Irish radio and television host (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Coluche, French comedian and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor
  • 1941 – Ian Marter, English actor and writer (d. 1986)[1]
  • 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German businessman, founded the Schlecker Company
  • 1945Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Elton Dean, English saxophonist and keyboard player (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Wayne Fontana, English pop-rock singer
  • 1945 – Don Iverson, American golfer
  • 1946John Hewson, Australian economist and politician
  • 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet and academic
  • 1948Telma Hopkins, American singer and actress
  • 1949Caitlyn Jenner, American decathlete and actress
  • 1950Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian journalist and activist
  • 1950 – Ludo Delcroix, Belgian cyclist
  • 1951Peter Hitchens, English journalist and author
  • 1951 – Joe R. Lansdale, American martial artist and author
  • 1952Tuck Andress, American jazz guitarist
  • 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
  • 1953Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman
  • 1953 – Desmond Child, American songwriter and producer
  • 1955Ronnie Bass, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Microsoft
  • 1955 – Digby Jones, Baron Jones of Birmingham, English businessman, lawyer, and politician, Minister of State for Trade
  • 1955 – Indra Nooyi, Indian-American businesswoman
  • 1955 – Gary Lavergne, American author
  • 1956Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iranian engineer and politician, 6th President of Iran
  • 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Volker Zotz, Austrian philosopher, scholar, and author
  • 1957Marian Bell, English economist and academic
  • 1957 – Stephen Morris, English drummer
  • 1957 – Zach Wamp, American businessman and politician
  • 1958Concha García Campoy, Spanish journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Ashok Chavan, Indian businessman and politician, 16th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • 1958 – William Reid, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959James Keelaghan, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959 – Toshio Masuda, Japanese composer
  • 1959 – Randy Wittman, American basketball player and coach
  • 1960Landon Curt Noll, American computer scientist and mathematician
  • 1962Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
  • 1963Lauren Holly, American actress
  • 1963 – Sheryl Underwood, American comedian, actress, and talk show host
  • 1964Andrew Bridgen, English soldier and politician
  • 1964 – Peter Coyne, Australian rugby league player
  • 1965Jami Gertz, American actress
  • 1965 – David Warburton, English composer, businessman, and politician
  • 1965 – Miyako Yoshida, Japanese ballerina
  • 1966Steve Atwater, American football player
  • 1966 – Matt Drudge, American blogger and activist, founded the Drudge Report
  • 1966 – Andy Richter, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Education and Religious Affairs
  • 1967Kevin Macdonald, Scottish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress and producer
  • 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer, co-founded Id Software
  • 1968Chris Broussard, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby player and coach
  • 1968 – Mayumi Ozaki, Japanese wrestler
  • 1969Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican-American screenwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Ben Harper, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Noriyoshi Omichi, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1970Greg Eagles, American voice actor and producer
  • 1970 – Alan Peter Cayetano, Filipino politician and Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines
  • 1971Roxana Briban, Romanian soprano and actress (d. 2010)
  • 1971 – Caroline Dinenage, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1972Terrell Davis, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Brad Paisley, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1972 – Trista Sutter, American reality star
  • 1973Montel Vontavious Porter, American wrestler and actor
  • 1973 – Aleksandar Stanojević, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1974Braden Looper, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Dejan Stefanović, Serbian footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and singer, Miss Universe 1993
  • 1976Keiron Cunningham, British rugby league player and coach
  • 1976 – Martin Lepa, Estonian footballer
  • 1976 – Simone Loria, Italian footballer
  • 1978Justin Guarini, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1979Natina Reed, American rapper and actress (d. 2012)
  • 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Olcay Çetinkaya, Turkish footballer
  • 1979 – Jawed Karim, American computer scientist
  • 1980Christy Hemme, American wrestler and ring announcer
  • 1980 – Agnes Obel, Danish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer and coach
  • 1981Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Shane Gore, English footballer
  • 1981 – Nate McLouth, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Nick Montgomery, English-Scottish footballer
  • 1982Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Enver Jääger, Estonian footballer
  • 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Hironori Saruta, Japanese footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Smith, English actor and director
  • 1983Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kayo Noro, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1983 – Joe Thomas, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1984Bryn Evans, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
  • 1984 – Finn Wittrock, American actor
  • 1985Tyrone Barnett, English footballer
  • 1985 – Anthony Fantano, American music critic
  • 1986Anthony Griffith, English footballer
  • 1986 – Aki Toyosaki, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1987Frank Ocean, American singer-songwriter
  • 1988Edd Gould, English cartoonist and animator (d. 2012)
  • 1988 – Jamie xx, English musician, DJ, record producer and remixer
  • 1989Camille Muffat, French swimmer (d. 2015)
  • 1991Lucy Bronze, English footballer
  • 1992Maria Sergejeva, Estonian figure skater
  • 1994 - Maro Itoje, English rugby union player
  • 1995Glen Kamara, Finnish footballer
  • 1996Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress
  • 1996 – Jack Eichel, American ice hockey player
  • 1996 – Una Raymond-Hoey, Irish cricketer
  • 1997Taylor Fritz, American tennis player
  • 1997 – Georgia Godwin, Australian artistic gymnast[2]
  • 1998Nolan Gould, American actor

Deaths

  • 312Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. 278)
  • 457Ibas of Edessa, Syrian bishop
  • 816Beggo, count of Toulouse and Paris
  • 875Remigius of Lyon, Frankish archbishop
  • 1138 – King Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland
  • 1225Jien, Japanese monk, historian, and poet (b. 1155)
  • 1266Saint Arsenije I Sremac
  • 1310Ecumenical Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople (b. 1230)
  • 1312Elizabeth of Carinthia, Queen of Germany (b. 1262)
  • 1412Margaret I of Denmark (b. 1353)
  • 1468Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan (b. 1425)
  • 1568Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shōgun (b. 1539)
  • 1592Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Flemish diplomat
  • 1594Ōkubo Tadayo, Japanese general (b. 1532)
  • 1627Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1569)
  • 1639Stefano Landi, Italian composer and educator (b. 1587)
  • 1646William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish priest and playwright (b. 1618)
  • 1676Jean Desmarets, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1595)
  • 1703John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer (b. 1616)
  • 1704John Locke, English physician and philosopher (b. 1632)
  • 1708Prince George of Denmark (b. 1653)
  • 1716Stephen Fox, English politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740Anna of Russia (b. 1693)
  • 1754Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1755Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (b. 1689)
  • 1763Heinrich von Brühl, German general and politician (b. 1700)
  • 1768Michel Blavet, French flute player and composer (b. 1700)
  • 1787Johann Karl August Musäus, German author (b. 1735)
  • 1792Paul Möhring, German physician, botanist, and zoologist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – John Smeaton, English engineer, designed the Coldstream Bridge and Perth Bridge (b. 1724)
  • 1800Artemas Ward, American general and politician (b. 1727)
  • 1806Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and author (b. 1749)
  • 1818Abigail Adams, American writer and second First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
  • 1841Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist and academic (b. 1792)
  • 1857Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, French general and politician, 26th Prime Minister of France (b. 1802)
  • 1877Robert Swinhoe, English ornithologist and entomologist (b. 1835)
  • 1879Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French economist and politician (b. 1799)
  • 1899Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American engineer, invented the Linotype machine (b. 1854)
  • 1900Max Müller, German philologist and orientalist (b. 1823)
  • 1914Richard Heuberger, Austrian composer and critic (b. 1850)
  • 1916Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist and academic (b. 1838)
  • 1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German WWI flying ace (b. 1891)
  • 1917Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (b. 1831)
  • 1917 – Dimitrios Votsis, Greek lawyer and politician (b. 1841)
  • 1918Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (b. 1845)
  • 1929Bernhard von Bülow, German soldier and politician, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1936Newton Moore, Australian soldier and politician, 8th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1870)
  • 1939Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1941Filipp Goloshchyokin, Soviet politician (b. 1876)
  • 1945Kesago Nakajima, Japanese general (b. 1881)
  • 1952Billy Hughes, English-Australian politician, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1957Ernst Gräfenberg, German-American physician and gynecologist (b. 1881)
  • 1959Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban soldier (b. 1932)
  • 1963Mart Saar, Estonian organist and composer (b. 1882)
  • 1965Thomas Graham Brown, Scottish mountaineer and physiologist (b. 1882)
  • 1969Constance Dowling, American model and actress (b. 1920)
  • 1970Baby Huey, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1973Taha Hussein, Egyptian historian, author, and academic (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Sergio Tofano, Italian actor, director, and playwright (b. 1883)
  • 1975Georges Carpentier, French boxer and actor (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (b. 1932)
  • 1978Rukmani Devi, Sri Lankan singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 1983Otto Messmer, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1892)
  • 1986John Braine, English author (b. 1922)
  • 1987André Masson, French soldier and painter (b. 1896)
  • 1989Henry Hall, English bandleader, composer, and actor (b. 1898)
  • 1993Yuri Lotman, Russian-Estonian historian and scholar (b. 1922)
  • 1997Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1915)
  • 1998Ted Hughes, English poet and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 1999Antonios Katinaris, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2000Andújar Cedeño, Dominican baseball player (b. 1969)
  • 2001Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch pianist, composer, and educator (b. 1910)
  • 2002Margaret Booth, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish businessman, founded H&M (b. 1917)
  • 2004Eugene K. Bird, American colonel and author, US Commandant of Spandau Prison (b. 1926)
  • 2005Bob Broeg, American soldier and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Raymond Hains, French photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Fernando Quejas, Cape Verdean-Portuguese singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Ljuba Tadić, Serbian actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2006Red Auerbach, American basketball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican-Canadian boxer (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2007Takao Fujinami, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1927)
  • 2009Taylor Mitchell, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1990)
  • 2010Liang Congjie, Chinese historian and activist, founded Friends of Nature (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – James MacArthur, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Jonathan Motzfeldt, Greenlandic politician, 1st Prime Minister of Greenland (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Ehud Netzer, Israeli archaeologist, architect, and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2011Tom Addington, English soldier (b. 1919)
  • 2012Gordon Bilney, Australian dentist and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – John Cheffers, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Jack Dellal, English businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2013Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Polish journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Aleksandar Tijanić, Serbian journalist (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Rajendra Yadav, Indian author (b. 1929)
  • 2014Galway Kinnell, American poet and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Michael Sata, Zambian police officer and politician, 5th President of Zambia (b. 1937)
  • 2018Colin Sylvia, Australian rules footballer (b. 1985)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abdias of Babylon
    • Abgar V of Edessa (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Eadsige
    • Faro
    • Fidelis of Como (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Firmilian
    • Godwin of Stavelot
    • Job of Pochayiv (repose) (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • The Apostles Simon and Jude (Western Christianity)
    • Lord of Miracles (Lima)
    • October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Establishment of an Independent Czecho-Slovak State, celebrates the independence of Czechoslovakia from Austria-Hungary in 1918. (Czech Republic and Slovakia)
  • International Animation Day (ASIFA)
  • Ohi Day (Greece, Cyprus and the Greek communities), a national day in Greece.
  • Prefectural Earthquake Disaster Prevention Day (Gifu Prefecture)
  • Youth Pledge Day or Hari Sumpah Pemuda (Indonesia)
  • Anniversary of the liberation of Ukraine from the Nazis, celebrating the liberation from Nazi German troops of the territory of current Ukraine

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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