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Events

  • 285 (or 286) – Execution of Saints Crispin and Crispinian during the reign of Diocletian, now the patron saints of leather workers, curriers, and shoemakers.
  • 473 – Emperor Leo I acclaims his grandson Leo II as Caesar of the East Roman Empire.
  • 1147 – Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
  • 1147 – Reconquista: After a siege of four months, crusader knights reconquer Lisbon.
  • 1415 – Hundred Years' War: Henry V of England, with his lightly armoured infantry and archers, defeats the heavily armoured French cavalry in the Battle of Agincourt.
  • 1616 – Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the West Australian coast.
  • 1747 – War of the Austrian Succession: A British fleet under Admiral Edward Hawke defeats the French at the Second Battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1760 – King George III succeeds to the British throne on death of his grandfather George II[1]
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The American frigate, Template:Ship, commanded by Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate Template:HMS.
  • 1822 – Greek War of Independence: The First Siege of Missolonghi begins.
  • 1854 – The Battle of Balaclava takes place during the Crimean War. It is soon memorialized in verse as The Charge of the Light Brigade.
  • 1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange is created.
  • 1900 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1917Old Style date of the October Revolution in Russia.
  • 1920 – After 74 days on hunger strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney dies.
  • 1924 – The Zinoviev letter, which Zinoviev himself denied writing, is published in the Daily Mail; the Labour party would later blame this letter for the Conservatives' landslide election win four days later.
  • 1927 – The Italian luxury liner SS Principessa Mafalda sinks off the coast of Brazil, killing 314.
  • 1940Benjamin O. Davis Sr. is named the first African American general in the United States Army.
  • 1944 – Second World War: Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich.
  • 1944 – Second World War: The Template:Ship under Richard O'Kane (the top American submarine ace of the war) is sunk by the ship's own malfunctioning torpedo.
  • 1944 – Second World War: The final attempt of the Imperial Japanese Navy to win the war climaxes at the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
  • 1945 – Fifty years of Japanese administration of Taiwan formally ends when the Republic of China assumes control.
  • 1949 – The Battle of Guningtou in the Taiwan Strait begins.
  • 1962Cuban Missile Crisis: Adlai Stevenson shows the United Nations Security Council reconnaissance photographs of Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba.
  • 1971 – The People's Republic of China replaces the Republic of China at the United Nations.
  • 1973 – Egypt and Israel accept United Nations Security Council Resolution 339.
  • 1980 – Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude.
  • 1983 – The United States and its Caribbean allies invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters are executed in a coup d'état.
  • 1995A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
  • 1997 – After a civil war, Denis Sassou Nguesso proclaims himself President of the Republic of the Congo.
  • 2009 – The October 2009 Baghdad bombings kill 155 and wounds at least 721.

Births

  • 840Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar, founder of the Saffarid dynasty (d. 879)
  • 1102William Clito, French son of Sybilla of Conversano (d. 1128)
  • 1330Louis II, Count of Flanders, (d. 1384)
  • 1510Renée of France (d. 1574)
  • 1574François de Sourdis, French Catholic prelate (d. 1628)
  • 1589Jan Stanisław Sapieha, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1635)
  • 1612James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, Scottish soldier (d. 1650)
  • 1667Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1718)
  • 1683Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, English-Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1757)
  • 1692Elisabeth Farnese, Queen of Spain (d. 1766)
  • 1709Georg Gebel, German organist and composer (d. 1753)
  • 1714James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (d. 1799)
  • 1736Thomas Mullins, 1st Baron Ventry, Anglo-Irish politician and peer (d. 1824)
  • 1743Friedrich Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (d. 1812)
  • 1749Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein, Swedish chamberlain (d. 1802)
  • 1754Richard Howell, 3rd Governor of New Jersey (d. 1802)
  • 1755François Joseph Lefebvre, French military commander (d. 1820)
  • 1757Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein, Prussian statesman (d. 1831)
  • 1759Maria Feodorovna, Russian wife of Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
  • 1759 – William Grenville, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1834)
  • 1760Arnold Hermann Ludwig Heeren, German historian (d. 1842)
  • 1767Benjamin Constant, Swiss-French philosopher and politician (d. 1830)
  • 1768Frederick William, ruler of Nassau-Weilburg (d. 1816)
  • 1772Victoire de Donnissan de La Rochejaquelein, French memoirist (d. 1857)
  • 1772 – Géraud Duroc, French general and diplomat (d. 1813)
  • 1779Pedro Velarde y Santillán, Spanish artillery captain (d. 1808)
  • 1781Friedrich von Berchtold, Bohemian physician and botanist (d. 1876)
  • 1782Levi Lincoln Jr., American lawyer and politician, 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1789Carlos María de Alvear, Argentine soldier and statesman (d. 1852)
  • 1789 – Heinrich Schwabe, German astronomer (d. 1875)
  • 1790Robert Stirling, Scottish clergyman and inventor (d. 1878)
  • 1792Jeanne Jugan, French nun (d. 1879)
  • 1795John P. Kennedy, American novelist and Whig politician (d. 1870)
  • 1800Maria Jane Jewsbury, English writer, poet, literary reviewer (d. 1833)[2]
  • 1800 – Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet, historian, and politician, Secretary at War (d. 1859)
  • 1800 – Jacques Paul Migne, French priest (d. 1875)
  • 1800 – Julius von Mohl, German orientalist (d. 1876)
  • 1802Richard Parkes Bonington, English painter (d. 1828)
  • 1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strongman (d. 1864)
  • 1806Max Stirner, German philosopher and author (d. 1856)
  • 1811Évariste Galois, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1832)
  • 1814Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours (d. 1896)
  • 1815Camillo Sivori, Italian virtuoso violinist and composer (d. 1894)
  • 1819Christian August Friedrich Garcke, German botanist (d. 1904)
  • 1821Antonio Ciseri, Swiss-Italian painter (d. 1891)
  • 1825Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer and educator (d. 1899)
  • 1825 – Johann Friedrich Julius Schmidt, German astronomer and geophysicist (d. 1884)
  • 1827Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (d. 1907)
  • 1832Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1909)
  • 1838Georges Bizet, French pianist and composer (d. 1875)
  • 1838 – James Maybrick, English cotton merchant, victim of the "Aigburth Poisoning" (d. 1889)
  • 1844Philip Wicksteed, English economist (d. 1927)
  • 1848Carlo Emery, Italian entomologist (d. 1925)
  • 1848 – Karl Emil Franzos, Austrian novelist (d. 1904)
  • 1852Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak, Russian author (d. 1912)
  • 1853Karl August Otto Hoffmann, German botanist (d. 1909)
  • 1856Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger, Croatian geologist, paleontologist, and archaeologist (d. 1936)
  • 1858Take Ionescu, Romanian politician, diplomat, journalist and lawyer (d. 1922)
  • 1864John Francis Dodge, American businessman, co-founded the Dodge Company (d. 1920)
  • 1864 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian-American pianist and composer (d. 1956)
  • 1864 – Toktogul Satylganov, Kyrgyz Akyn, poet and singer (d. 1933)
  • 1866Thomas Armat, American mechanic and inventor (d. 1948)
  • 1866 – Norbert Klein, Bishop of Brno (d. 1933)
  • 1866 – Georg Schumann, German composer (d. 1952)
  • 1867Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
  • 1868Dan Burke, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1868 – Oskar Kallas, Estonian linguist and diplomat (d. 1946)
  • 1874Emma Gramatica, Italian actress (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Victor Sonnemans, Belgian water polo player (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader and statesman (d. 1916)
  • 1875Carolyn Sherwin Bailey, American author and educator (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Arthur Birkett, British cricketer (d. 1941)
  • 1877Adolf Moller, German rower (d. 1968)
  • 1877 – Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (d. 1957)
  • 1879Fritz Haarmann, German serial killer (d. 1925)
  • 1880Bohumír Šmeral, Czech politician (d. 1941)
  • 1881Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
  • 1882John T. Flynn, American journalist and author (d. 1964)
  • 1882 – Tony Jackson, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1921)
  • 1882 – André-Damien-Ferdinand Jullien, French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1964)
  • 1882 – Theodora Agnes Peck, American author and poet (d. 1964)[3]
  • 1883Nikolay Krestinsky, Russian revolutionary and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1884Maria Czaplicka, Polish cultural anthropologist (d. 1921)
  • 1885Sam M. Lewis, American singer and lyricist (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Xavier Lesage, French equestrian (d. 1968)
  • 1886Leo G. Carroll, English-American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Karl Polanyi, Austro-Hungarian economist and historian (d. 1964)
  • 1887Alexander McCulloch, British rower (d. 1951)
  • 1888Richard E. Byrd, American admiral and pilot (d. 1957)
  • 1888 – Nils Dardel, Swedish-American painter (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – Jan Palouš, Czechoslovak ice hockey player (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Léon Tom, Belgian fencer and bobsledder
  • 1889Abel Gance, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1890Floyd Bennett, American aviator (d. 1928)
  • 1890 – Kōtarō Tanaka, Japanese jurist and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1891Charles Coughlin, Canadian-American priest and radio host (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Karl Elmendorff, German conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1892Nell Shipman, Canadian-American actress, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1970)
  • 1894Claude Cahun, French photographer and sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1894 – Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu, Turkish poet and songwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Johan Wilhelm Rangell, Prime Minister of Finland (d. 1982)
  • 1895Levi Eshkol, Ukrainian-Israeli soldier and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Vsevolod Merkulov, Russian head of the NKGB (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Arthur Schmidt, German officer (d. 1987)
  • 1896Nils Backlund, Swedish water polo player (d. 1964)
  • 1897Erwin von Lahousen, German Abwehr official (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Karl Olivecrona, Swedish lawyer and philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1897 – Luigi Pavese, Italian actor (d. 1969)
  • 1898Karl Anton, German director, screenwriter and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1899Armand Thirard, French cinematographer (d. 1973)
  • 1900Johan Greter, Dutch equestrian (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, Nigerian educator and activist (d. 1978)[4]
  • 1900 – William Stevenson, American track and fielder (d. 1985)
  • 1902Henry Steele Commager, American historian and author (d. 1998)
  • 1902 – Carlo Gnocchi, Italian priest, educator and writer (d. 1956)
  • 1902 – Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
  • 1903Piet van der Horst, Dutch cyclist (d. 1983)
  • 1904Cemal Reşit Rey, Turkish pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Denny Shute, American golfer (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Bill Tytla, Ukrainian-American animator (d. 1968)
  • 1905Bob McPhail, Scottish footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1906Karl Humenberger, Austrian footballer (d. 1989)
  • 1908Carmen Dillon, English film and production designer (d. 2000)
  • 1908 – Gotthard Handrick, German fighter pilot and Olympic athlete (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Polly Ann Young, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1909Whit Bissell, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Jean-Paul Le Chanois, French actor, director and screenwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Ken Domon, Japanese photographer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Edward Flynn, American boxer (d. 1976)
  • 1910William Higinbotham, American physicist and video game designer (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Johnny Mauro, American race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Tyrus Wong, Chinese-American artist (d. 2016)
  • 1912Abdelkader Ben Bouali, French footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Alfred Klingler, German field handballer
  • 1912 – Minnie Pearl, American entertainer and philanthropist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Luigi Raimondi, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1975)
  • 1913Klaus Barbie, German SS captain (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Anton Kochinyan, Soviet-Armenian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1914John Berryman, American poet and scholar (d. 1972)
  • 1915Ivan M. Niven, Canadian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1999)
  • 1916Helge Larsson, Swedish canoeist (d. 1971)
  • 1917Carl Forssell, Swedish fencer (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 2001)
  • 1918David Ausubel, American psychologist (d. 2008)
  • 1919Beate Uhse-Rotermund, German pilot and entrepreneur (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Raoul Remy, French cyclist (d. 2002)
  • 1920Megan Taylor, British figure skater (d. 1993)
  • 1921Michael I of Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1922Gloria Lasso, Spanish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1923Achille Silvestrini, Italian prelate (d. 2019)
  • 1923 – Beate Sirota Gordon, Austrian-American director and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Bobby Thomson, Scottish-American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1924Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Earl Palmer, American Hall of Fame drummer (d. 2008)
  • 1925Oralia Dominguez, Mexican operatic mezzo-soprano singer (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Joseph Michel, Belgian politician (d. 2016)
  • 1926Bo Carpelan, Finnish poet and author (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Heath, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian-American soprano and actress (d. 2012)
  • 1927Barbara Cook, American singer and actress (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Uruguay (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Lawrence Kohlberg, American psychologist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1927 – Lauretta Masiero, Italian actress and singer (d. 2010)
  • 1928Jeanne Cooper, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Paulo Mendes da Rocha, Brazilian architect
  • 1928 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Adolphe Gesché, Belgian Catholic priest and theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Peter Naur, Danish computer scientist, astronomer, and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Marion Ross, American actress
  • 1928 – Yakov Rylsky, Soviet Jewish sabre fencer (d. 1999)
  • 1929Michel Knuysen, Belgian rower (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Zdravko Milev, Bulgarian chess player (d. 1984)
  • 1929 – Claude Rouer, French cyclist
  • 1929 – Peter Rühmkorf, German writer (d. 2008)
  • 1930Harold Brodkey, American author and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1930 – Karoly Honfi, Hungarian chess player (d. 1996)
  • 1931Annie Girardot, French actress and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1932Vitold Fokin, Ukrainian first deputy prime minister
  • 1932 – Jerzy Pawłowski, Polish fencer and double agent (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Theodor Pištěk, Czech costume designer
  • 1933René Brodmann, Swiss footballer
  • 1933 – Martti Mansikka, Finnish gymnast
  • 1934Carlos Sherman, Belarusian–Spanish translator, writer, activist (d. 2005)
  • 1935Rusty Schweickart, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1936Martin Gilbert, English historian, author, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Arnfinn Nesset, Norwegian nurse and convicted serial killer
  • 1936 – Masako Nozawa, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1937Vendramino Bariviera, Italian cyclist (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Ignacio Carrasco de Paula, Spanish prelate
  • 1937 – Roberto Menescal, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1938Bob Webster, American diver
  • 1939Zelmo Beaty, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Sara Dylan, first wife of Bob Dylan
  • 1939 – Nikolay Kiselyov, Soviet Nordic combined athlete (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Nikos Nikolaidis, Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Dave Simmonds, British motorcycle racer (d. 1972)
  • 1939 – Robin Spry, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1940Jimmy Herman, Canadian actor (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Bob Knight, American basketball player and coach
  • 1941Lynda Benglis, American sculptor and painter
  • 1941 – Helen Reddy, Australian-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1941 – Gordon Tootoosis, Aboriginal Canadian actor (d. 2011)
  • 1941 – Anne Tyler, American author and critic
  • 1941 – Dave Weill, American discus thrower
  • 1942Archduke Leopold Franz of Austria
  • 1942 – Terumasa Hino, Japanese jazz trumpeter
  • 1942 – Gloria Katz, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1942 – Franklin Loufrani, French President of the Smiley Company
  • 1943Orso Maria Guerrini, Italian actor
  • 1944Azizan Abdul Razak, Malaysian politician, 10th Menteri Besar of Kedah (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Jon Anderson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – James Carville, American lawyer and political consultant
  • 1944 – Donald Ford, Scottish footballer
  • 1944 – Fred Housego, Scottish-English taxi driver and game show host
  • 1944 – Kati Kovács, Hungarian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1944 – Ren Zhengfei, Chinese businessman
  • 1945Peter Ledger, Australian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Roy Lynes, English keyboardist and singer
  • 1945 – Yuriy Meshkov, Ukrainian politician and Russian separatist
  • 1945 – Phil "Fang" Volk, American musician, singer-songwriter, and record producer
  • 1945 – Krzysztof Piesiewicz, Polish lawyer, screenwriter and politician
  • 1945 – Francisco Sá, Argentine footballer
  • 1945 – David S. Ward, American director and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Keaton Yamada, Japanese voice actor
  • 1946Yazzie Johnson, Navajo artist
  • 1946 – Elías Figueroa, Chilean footballer
  • 1946 – Peter Lieberson, American composer
  • 1947Requena Nozal, Spanish artist
  • 1947 – Glenn Tipton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
  • 1948 – Dan Issel, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Sigleif Johansen, Norwegian biathlete
  • 1949Réjean Houle, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1949 – Walter Hyatt, American singer-songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1949 – Brian Kerwin, American actor
  • 1949 – Wilfried Louis, Haitian footballer
  • 1950Anne Alvaro, French actress
  • 1950 – Fernando Arêas Rifan, Brazilian bishop
  • 1950 – Roger Davies, English footballer
  • 1950 – John Matuszak, American footballer (d. 1989)
  • 1950 – Francisco Oscar Lamolina, Argentine football referee
  • 1950 – Chris Norman, English singer-songwriter
  • 1951Richard Lloyd, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Samir Geagea, Lebanese commander and politician
  • 1952 – Wendy Hall, English computer scientist, mathematician, and academic
  • 1952 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1952 – Tove Nilsen, Norwegian author
  • 1953Daniele Bagnoli, Italian volleyball coach
  • 1953 – Jasem Yaqoub, Kuwaiti footballer
  • 1954Mike Eruzione, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1954 – Ed Powers, American founder of Ed Powers Productions
  • 1955Glynis Barber, South African-English actress
  • 1955 – Robin Eubanks, American trombonist and educator
  • 1955 – Gale Anne Hurd, American producer
  • 1955 – Matthias Jabs, German guitarist and songwriter
  • 1955 – Leena Lander, Finnish author
  • 1955 – Lito Lapid, Filipino actor
  • 1956Stephen Leather, British author
  • 1957Nancy Cartwright, American voice actress
  • 1957 – Enrique López Zarza, Mexican footballer
  • 1957 – Robbie McIntosh, English guitarist
  • 1957 – Piet Wildschut, Dutch footballer
  • 1958Kornelia Ender, East German swimmer
  • 1958 – Kjell Inge Røkke, Norwegian businessman and philanthropist
  • 1959Óscar Aguirregaray, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1959 – Chrissy Amphlett, Australian singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1960Hong Sang-soo, South Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1961John Sivebæk, Danish footballer
  • 1961 – Chad Smith, American drummer
  • 1962David Furnish, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1962 – Steve Gainer, American cinematographer and director
  • 1962 – Steve Hodge, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – John Stollmeyer, American soccer player
  • 1963John Levén, Swedish bass player and songwriter
  • 1963 – Michael Lynagh, Australian rugby union footballer
  • 1963 – Melinda McGraw, American actress
  • 1963 – José Ortiz, Puerto Rican basketball player
  • 1963 – Tracy Nelson, American actress
  • 1964Michael Boatman, American actor
  • 1964 – Johan de Kock, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Nicole, German singer
  • 1964 – Kevin Michael Richardson, American voice actor and singer
  • 19652 Cold Scorpio, American wrestler
  • 1965 – Mathieu Amalric, French actor and director
  • 1965 – Valdir Benedito, Brazilian footballer
  • 1965 – Claire Colebrook, Australian philosopher, theorist, and academic
  • 1965 – Dominique Herr, Swiss footballer
  • 1965 – Derrick Rostagno, American tennis player
  • 1965 – Rainer Strecker, German actor
  • 1966Zana Briski, British photographer and filmmaker
  • 1966 – Lionel Charbonnier, French footballer
  • 1966 – Wendel Clark, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Perry Saturn, American wrestler
  • 1967Martin Marinov, Australian canoeist
  • 1967 – Taiyō Matsumoto, Japanese manga artist
  • 1967 – Gary Sundgren, Swedish footballer
  • 1968Doris Fitschen, German footballer
  • 1968 – Speech, American rapper
  • 1969Samantha Bee, Canadian-American comedian and television host
  • 1969 – Josef Beránek, Czech ice hockey player and coach
  • 1969 – Slavko Cicak, Swedish chess Grandmaster
  • 1969 – Nika Futterman, American voice actress, comedian and singer
  • 1969 – Ibragim Gasanbekov, Azerbaijani footballer
  • 1969 – Oleg Salenko, Russian footballer
  • 1969 – Alex Webster, American bass player
  • 1970J. A. Adande, American journalist and academic
  • 1970 – Peter Aerts, Dutch kick-boxer and mixed martial artist
  • 1970 – Adam Goldberg, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Damir Mršić, Bosnian basketball player
  • 1970 – Adam Pascal, American actor and singer
  • 1970 – Rafael González Robles, Spanish footballer
  • 1970 – Ed Robertson, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1970 – Daniel Scheinhardt, German footballer
  • 1970 – Chely Wright, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971Simon Charlton, English footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1971 – Neil Fallon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Midori Gotō, Japanese-American violinist and educator
  • 1971 – Leslie Grossman, American actress
  • 1971 – Rosie Ledet, American singer-songwriter and accordion player
  • 1971 – Pedro Martínez, Dominican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Craig Robinson, American actor and singer
  • 1971 – Elif Şafak, French-Turkish journalist, author, and academic
  • 1972Cristian Dulca, Romanian footballer
  • 1972 – Rodolfo Falcón, Cuban swimmer
  • 1972 – Maxi Mounds, American nude big-bust model and pornographic actress
  • 1972 – Jonathan Torrens, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Persia White, American actress
  • 1973Fırat Aydınus, Turkish football referee
  • 1973 – Lamont Bentley, American actor and rapper (d. 2005)
  • 1973 – Michael Weston, American actor
  • 1974Lee Byung-kyu, South Korean baseball player
  • 1974 – Yoo Yong-sung, South Korean badminton player
  • 1975Eirik Glambek Bøe, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Ryan Clement, American football player
  • 1975 – Agustín Julio, Colombian footballer
  • 1975 – Zadie Smith, English author and academic
  • 1975 – Antony Starr, New Zealand actor
  • 1976Deon Burton, Jamaican footballer
  • 1976 – Ahmed Dokhi, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1976 – Akihisa Ikeda, Japanese manga artist
  • 1976 – Steve Jones, Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Brett Kirk, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Anton Sikharulidze, Russian pair skater
  • 1977The Alchemist, American rapper, DJ, and producer
  • 1977 – Yeho, Israeli singer and actor
  • 1977 – Rodolfo Bodipo, Equatoguinean retired footballer
  • 1977 – Mitică Pricop, Romanian sprint canoer
  • 1977 – Birgit Prinz, German footballer and psychologist
  • 1977 – Rakan Rushaidat, Croatian actor
  • 1977 – Kateryna Serebrianska, Ukrainian gymnast
  • 1977 – Mihai Tararache, Romanian footballer
  • 1978Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Bobby Madden, Scottish football referee
  • 1978 – Robert Mambo Mumba, Kenyan footballer
  • 1978 – Markus Pöyhönen, Finnish sprinter
  • 1978 – An Yong-hak, North Korean footballer
  • 1979Bat for Lashes, English singer
  • 1979 – Rob Hulse, English footballer
  • 1979 – Mariana Klaveno, American actress
  • 1979 – João Lucas, Portuguese footballer (d. 2015)
  • 1979 – Rosa Mendes, Canadian-American wrestler and model
  • 1980Mehcad Brooks, American model and actor
  • 1980 – Félicien Singbo, Beninois footballer
  • 1981Hiroshi Aoyama, Japanese motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Josh Henderson, American actor and singer
  • 1981 – Shaun Wright-Phillips, English footballer
  • 1982Devin Green, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Guido Grünheid, German basketball player
  • 1982 – Victoria Francés, Spanish illustrator
  • 1982 – Camilla Jensen, Danish curler
  • 1982 – Michael Sweetney, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Mickaël Tavares, Senegalese footballer
  • 1983Princess Yōko of Mikasa
  • 1983 – Hotaru Akane, Japanese actress and activist
  • 1983 – Stanislav Bohush, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1983 – Daniele Mannini, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Han Yeo-reum, South Korean actress
  • 1984Nicolas Besch, French ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ticia Gara, Hungarian chess player
  • 1984 – Sara Lumholdt, Swedish singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Katy Perry, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1984 – Iván Ramis, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Karolina Šprem, Croatian tennis player
  • 1985Ciara, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1985 – Reanne Evans, English snooker player
  • 1985 – Isah Eliakwu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1985 – Nicola Fontanive, Italian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Óscar Granados, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1985 – Michael Liendl, Austrian footballer
  • 1985 – Kara Lynn Joyce, American swimmer
  • 1985 – Juan Manuel Martinez, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Arkadij Naiditsch, Azerbaijani chess player
  • 1985 – Ihor Oshchypko, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1985 – Daniele Padelli, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Hrvoje Perić, Croatian basketball player
  • 1985 – John Robinson, American actor
  • 1985 – Ayahi Takagaki, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1985 – Vlad Topalov, Russian singer and dancer
  • 1986Tweety Carter, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Roger Espinoza, Honduran footballer
  • 1986 – Eddie Gaven, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Kristian Sarkies, Australian footballer
  • 1986 – Ekaterina Shumilova, Russian biathlete
  • 1987Bill Amis, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Darron Gibson, Irish footballer
  • 1987 – Fabian Hambüchen, German gymnast
  • 1988Robson Conceição, Brazilian boxer
  • 1988 – Lewis McGugan, English professional footballer
  • 1988 – Chandler Parsons, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Kaz Patafta, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Karim Yoda, French footballer
  • 1989Filip Grgić, Croatian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1989 – Sten Grytebust, Norwegian footballer
  • 1989 – David Hala, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Ivan Marconi, Italian footballer
  • 1990Mattia Cattaneo, Italian cyclist
  • 1990 – Sara Chafak, Finnish beauty pageant winner
  • 1990 – Asha Philip, British athlete
  • 1990 – Milena Rašić, Serbian volleyball player
  • 1990 – Dzina Sazanavets, Belarusian weightlifter
  • 1991Davide Faraoni, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Isabella Shinikova, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1992Clarisse Agbegnenou, French judoka
  • 1992 – Davide Formolo, Italian cyclist
  • 1992 – Sergey Ridzik, Russian freestyle skier
  • 1993Isaiah Austin, American basketball player
  • 1993 – Iván Garcia, Mexican diver
  • 1994Richard Jouve, French cross-country skier
  • 1994 – Jefferson Lerma, Colombian footballer
  • 1994 – Matteo Lodo, Italian rower
  • 1994 – Gor Minasyan, Armenian weightlifter
  • 1994 – Ray Robson, American chess Grandmaster
  • 1995Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress
  • 1995 – Patrick McCaw, American basketball player
  • 1997Federico Chiesa, Italian footballer
  • 2000Vincent Zhou, American figure skater
  • 2001Princess Elisabeth, Belgian princess

Deaths

  • 625Pope Boniface V
  • 686Prince Ōtsu of Japan (b. 663)
  • 912Rudolph I, king of Burgundy (b. 859)
  • 1047Magnus the Good, Norwegian king (b. 1024)
  • 1053Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu
  • 1154Stephen, King of England (b. 1096)
  • 1180John of Salisbury, French bishop (b. c. 1120)
  • 1200Conrad of Wittelsbach, German cardinal (b. 1120)
  • 1230Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier (b. 1180)
  • 1292Robert Burnell, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1349James III of Majorca (b. 1315)
  • 1359Beatrice of Castile, queen consort of Portugal (b. 1293)
  • 1400Geoffrey Chaucer, English philosopher, poet, and author (b. 1343)
  • 1415Charles I of Albret
  • 1415 – Philip II, Count of Nevers (b. 1389)
  • 1415 – Frederick I, Count of Vaudémont (b. 1371)
  • 1415 – Jean I, Duke of Alençon (b. 1385)
  • 1415 – Anthony, Duke of Brabant (b. 1384)
  • 1415 – Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk, English soldier (b. 1394)
  • 1415 – Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, English politician (b. 1373)
  • 1415 – Dafydd Gam, Welsh nobleman (b. c. 1380)
  • 1478Catherine of Bosnia (b. 1425)
  • 1492Thaddeus McCarthy, Irish bishop (b. 1455)
  • 1495John II of Portugal (b. 1455)
  • 1514William Elphinstone, Scottish bishop and academic, founded University of Aberdeen (b. 1431)
  • 1557William Cavendish, English courtier and civil servant (b. 1505)
  • 1647Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
  • 1651Saint Job of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian saint (b. 1551)
  • 1683William Scroggs, English judge and politician, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1623)
  • 1733Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri, Italian priest, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1667)
  • 1757Antoine Augustin Calmet, French monk and theologian (b. 1672)
  • 1760George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
  • 1806Henry Knox, American general and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of War (b. 1750)
  • 1826Philippe Pinel, French physician and psychiatrist (b. 1745)
  • 1833Abbas Mirza, Persian prince (b. 1789)
  • 1852John C. Clark, American lawyer and politician (b. 1793)
  • 1889Émile Augier, French playwright (b. 1820)
  • 1895Charles Hallé, German-English pianist and conductor (b. 1819)
  • 1902Frank Norris, American journalist and novelist (b. 1870)
  • 1910Willie Anderson, Scottish-American golfer (b. 1878)
  • 1916William Merritt Chase, American painter and educator (b. 1849)
  • 1919William Kidston, Scottish-Australian politician, 17th Premier of Queensland (b. 1849)
  • 1920Alexander of Greece (b. 1893)
  • 1920 – Terence MacSwiney, Irish playwright and politician, Lord Mayor of Cork (b. 1879)
  • 1921Bat Masterson, American lawman, buffalo hunter, and sport writer (b. 1853)
  • 1924Ziya Gökalp, Turkish sociologist, poet, and activist (b. 1876)
  • 1938Alfonsina Storni, Swiss-Argentinian poet and author (b. 1892)
  • 1940Thomas Waddell, Irish-Australian politician, 15th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1854)
  • 1941Franz von Werra, Swiss-German captain and pilot (b. 1914)
  • 1945Robert Ley, German politician (b. 1890)
  • 1949Mary Ackworth Orr Evershed, English astronomer and Dante scholar (b. 1867)
  • 1953Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist and academic (b. 1867)
  • 1955Sadako Sasaki, Japanese girl (b. 1943)
  • 1957Albert Anastasia, Italian-American mob boss (b. 1902)
  • 1957 – Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, English-Irish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1878)
  • 1960Harry Ferguson, Irish-English engineer, founded the Ferguson Company (b. 1884)
  • 1963Roger Désormière, French conductor and composer (b. 1898)
  • 1967Margaret Ayer Barnes, American author and playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1969Ellinor Aiki, Estonian painter (b. 1893)
  • 1970Ülo Sooster, Estonian painter (b. 1924)
  • 1971Mikhail Yangel, Soviet missile designer (b. 1911)
  • 1972Johnny Mantz, American race car driver (b. 1918)
  • 1973Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian runner (b. 1932)
  • 1973 – Cleo Moore, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1973 – Robert Scholl, German accountant and politician (b. 1891)
  • 1975Vladimir Herzog, Brazilian journalist and activist (b. 1937)
  • 1976Raymond Queneau, French poet and author (b. 1903)
  • 1977Félix Gouin, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1979Gerald Templer, English field marshal and politician, British High Commissioner in Malaya (b. 1898)
  • 1980Virgil Fox, American organist and educator (b. 1912)
  • 1980 – Víctor Galíndez, Argentine boxer (b. 1948)
  • 1980 – Sahir Ludhianvi, Indian poet and songwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1982Bill Eckersley, English footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1982 – Arvid Wallman, Swedish diver (b. 1901)
  • 1985Gary Holton, English singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 1986Forrest Tucker, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1989Mary McCarthy, American novelist and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1990Alberto da Costa Pereira, Portuguese footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1991Bill Graham, German-American concert promoter (b. 1931)
  • 1992Roger Miller, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – Richard Pousette-Dart, American painter and educator (b. 1916)
  • 1993Danny Chan, Hong Kong singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Vincent Price, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1994Kara Hultgreen, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Mildred Natwick, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1995Viveca Lindfors, Swedish actress (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (b. 1918)
  • 1999Payne Stewart, American golfer (b. 1957)
  • 2000Mochitsura Hashimoto, Japanese commander (b. 1909)
  • 2002Richard Harris, Irish actor and singer (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – René Thom, French mathematician and biologist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Paul Wellstone, American academic and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2003Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian spiritual leader and philosopher (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish skier and technician (b. 1925)
  • 2004John Peel, English radio host and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2010Lisa Blount, American actress (b. 1957)
  • 2010 – Gregory Isaacs, Jamaican-English singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 2010 – Vesna Parun, Croatian poet and author (b. 1922)
  • 2012Jacques Barzun, French-American historian and author (b. 1907)
  • 2012 – Jaspal Bhatti, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2012 – John Connelly, English footballer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Emanuel Steward, American boxer, trainer, and sportscaster (b. 1944)
  • 2013Ron Ackland, New Zealand rugby player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Arthur Danto, American philosopher and critic (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Nicholas Hunt, Welsh-English admiral (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Hal Needham, American actor, stuntman, director, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Paul Reichmann, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Olympia and York (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Bill Sharman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Marcia Wallace, American actress and comedian (b. 1942)
  • 2014Jack Bruce, Scottish-English singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Carlos Morales Troncoso, Dominican lawyer and politician, 34th Vice President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1940)
  • 2015David Cesarani, English historian and author (b. 1956)
  • 2015 – Lisa Jardine, English historian, author, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Cecil Lolo, South African footballer (b. 1988)
  • 2015 – Flip Saunders, American basketball player and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2016Carlos Alberto Torres, Brazilian football player and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Bob Hoover, USAF, Test, and Airshow pilot (b. 1922)
  • 2019Dilip Parikh, Indian politician (b. 1937)

Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day (Romania)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bernat Calbó (Bernard of Calvo)
    • Pope Boniface I
    • Canna
    • Blessed Carlo Gnocchi
    • Crysanthus and Daria (Western Christianity)
    • Crispin and Crispinian
    • Fructus
    • Gaudentius of Brescia
    • Goeznovius
    • Minias of Florence
    • Mar Nestorius (in the Nestorian churches)
    • Tabitha (Dorcas)
    • Tegulus
    • Blessed Thaddeus McCarthy
    • The Six Welsh Martyrs and companions (in Wales)
    • The Hallowing of Nestorius
    • October 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Nevada Day can fall, while October 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Friday in October. (Nevada)
  • Earliest day on which October Holiday can fall, while October 31 is the latest; observed on last Monday in October. (Ireland)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher's Day (Australia) can fall, while October 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Friday in October. (Australia)
  • Constitution Day (Lithuania)
  • Customs Officer's Day (Russia)
  • Day of the Basque Country (Basque Country)
  • Retrocession Day (Taiwan)
  • Sovereignty Day (Slovenia)
  • Thanksgiving Day (Grenada)

References

  1. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/10046/page/1/data.pdf#view=Fit&toolbar=1
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External links

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