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  2020 (Friday)
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Events

  • 4004 BCJames Ussher's proposed creation date of the world according to the Bible.
  • 42 BC – Liberators' civil war: Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus's army. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 425Valentinian III is elevated as Roman emperor at the age of six.
  • 501 – The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theoderic, absolves Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086 – Spanish Reconquista: At the Battle of Sagrajas, the Almoravids defeats the Castilians, but are unable to take advantage of their victory.
  • 1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends a civil war in Denmark.
  • 1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
  • 1641 – Irish Catholic gentry from Ulster attempt to seize control of Dublin Castle, the seat of English rule in Ireland, so as to force concessions.
  • 1642 – The Battle of Edgehill is the first major battle of the English Civil War.
  • 1707 – The First Parliament of Great Britain convenes.
  • 1739 – The War of Jenkins' Ear begins when Prime Minister Walpole reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1812 – A French general begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia.
  • 1850 – The first National Women's Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Westport is the last significant engagement west of the Mississippi River.
  • 1906Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe.
  • 1911 – The Italo-Turkish War sees the first use of an airplane in combat when an Italian pilot makes a reconnaissance flight.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1939 – The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine "Betty" Bomber makes its maiden flight.
  • 1942 – World War II: Allied forces commence the Second Battle of El Alamein, which proves to be the key turning point in the North African campaign.
  • 1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard American Airlines Flight 28 are killed when it collides with a USAAF bomber near Palm Springs, California.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins on Guadalcanal.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf begins.
  • 1955 – Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm defeats former emperor Bảo Đại in a referendum and founds the Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1955 – The people of the Saar region vote in a referendum to unite with Germany instead of France.
  • 1956 – Secret police shoot several anti-communist protesters, igniting the Hungarian Revolution.
  • 1958 – Canada's Springhill mining disaster kills seventy-five miners, while ninety-nine others are rescued.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches an operation seeking to destroy Communist forces during the siege of Plei Me.
  • 1970Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign against North Vietnam in response to its Easter Offensive, ends after five months.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: President Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations.
  • 1982A gunfight breaks out between police officers and members of a religious cult in Arizona. The shootout leaves two cultists dead and dozens of cultists and police officers injured.
  • 1983 – Lebanese Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. military personnel. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
  • 1989The Hungarian Republic officially replaces the communist Hungarian People's Republic.
  • 1989 – Bankruptcy of Wärtsilä Marine; the biggest bankruptcy in the Nordic countries up until then.
  • 1991 – Signing of the Paris Peace Accords which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
  • 1993 – The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonates in Belfast, killing the bomber and nine civilians.
  • 1995Yolanda Saldívar is found guilty of first-degree murder in the shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena.
  • 1998 – Israel and the Palestinian Authority sign the Wye River Memorandum.
  • 2002 – Chechen terrorists seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
  • 2004 – A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata Prefecture in northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
  • 2007 – A storm causes the Mexican Kab 101 oil platform to collide with a wellhead, leading to the death and drowning of 22 people during rescue operations after evacuation of the platform.
  • 2011 – A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.
  • 2011 – The Libyan National Transition Council deems the Libyan Civil War over.
  • 2012 – After 38 years, the world's first teletext service (BBC's Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.
  • 2015 – The lowest sea-level pressure in the Western Hemisphere, and the highest reliably-measured non-tornadic sustained winds, are recorded in Hurricane Patricia, which strikes Mexico hours later, killing at least 13 and causing over $280 million in damages.

Births

  • 1006Wen Yanbo, Chinese grand chancellor (d. 1097)
  • 1255Ferdinand de la Cerda, Spanish noble (d. 1275)
  • 1491 (estimated) – Ignatius of Loyola, Catholic priest (d. 1556)[1]
  • 1516Charlotte of Valois, French princess (d. 1524)
  • 1634Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish queen (d. 1715)
  • 1654Johann Bernhard Staudt, Austrian composer (d. 1712)
  • 1698Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed the École Militaire (d. 1782)
  • 1705Maximilian Ulysses Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1713Pieter Burman the Younger, Dutch philologist, poet, and educator (d. 1778)
  • 1762Samuel Morey, American engineer (d. 1843)
  • 1766Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French general (d. 1847)
  • 1790Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American minister, lexicographer, and educator (d. 1860)
  • 1796Stefano Franscini, Swiss statistician and politician (d. 1857)[2]
  • 1801Albert Lortzing, German singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1851)
  • 1805John Russell Bartlett, American linguist and historian (d. 1886)
  • 1813Ludwig Leichhardt, German-Australian explorer (d. 1848)
  • 1815João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotejipe, Brazilian politician (d. 1889)
  • 1817Pierre Larousse, French lexicographer and author (d. 1875)
  • 1822Gustav Spörer, German astronomer (d. 1895)
  • 1835Adlai Stevenson I, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
  • 1837Moritz Kaposi, Hungarian dermatologist (d. 1902)
  • 1844Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (d. 1923)
  • 1844 – Robert Bridges, English poet and playwright (d. 1930)
  • 1857Juan Luna, Filipino painter and sculptor (d. 1899)
  • 1863Mirko Breyer, Croatian writer, bibliographer, antiquarian, and one of the notable alleged and false victims of the Stara Gradiška concentration camp (d. 1946)
  • 1865Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918)
  • 1869John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936)
  • 1870Francis Kelley, Canadian-American bishop (d. 1948)
  • 1873William D. Coolidge, American physicist and engineer (d. 1975)
  • 1874Charles Kilpatrick, American runner and educator (d. 1921)
  • 1875Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1876Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician, Reich Ministry of Justice (d. 1970)
  • 1880Dominikus Böhm, German architect (d. 1955)
  • 1880 – Una O'Connor, Irish-American actress and singer (d. 1959)
  • 1883Hugo Wast, Argentine writer (d. 1962)
  • 1885Lawren Harris, Canadian painter and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1888Onésime Gagnon, Canadian scholar and politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1961)
  • 1892Speckled Red, American blues/boogie-woogie piano player and singer-songwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1894Rube Bressler, American baseball player (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Emma Vyssotsky, American astronomer and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1896André Lévêque, French soldier and engineer (d. 1930)
  • 1896 – Lilyan Tashman, American actress (d. 1934)
  • 1897John Baker, English air marshal (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, Spanish writer (d. 1975)
  • 1899Bernt Balchen, Norwegian aviator (d. 1973)
  • 1900Douglas Jardine, Indian-English cricketer and lawyer (d. 1958)
  • 1902Robert Eberan von Eberhorst, Austrian engineer (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Luther Evans, American political scientist and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1904Harvey Penick, American golfer and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1905Felix Bloch, Swiss physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Yen Chia-kan, Chinese lawyer and politician, President of the Republic of China (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1908František Douda, Czech shot putter (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1909Zellig Harris, American linguist and methodologist (d. 1992)
  • 1910Richard Mortensen, Danish painter and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Hayden Rorke, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1911Jack Keller, American hurdler (d. 1978)
  • 1915Simo Puupponen, Finnish writer (d. 1967)
  • 1918Augusta Dabney, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1918 – Paul Rudolph, American architect and academic, designed the Lippo Centre (d. 1997)
  • 1919Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1920Ted Fujita, Japanese-American meteorologist and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Bob Montana, American illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1920 – Gianni Rodari, Italian writer (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Vern Stephens, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1922Jean Barker, Baroness Trumpington, English politician (d. 2018)
  • 1922 – Coleen Gray, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1923Aslam Farrukhi, Indian-Pakistani linguist, author, and scholar (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Ned Rorem, American composer and author
  • 1923 – Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1924Arthur Brittenden, English journalist (d. 2015)
  • 1925Johnny Carson, American comedian and talk show host (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Manos Hatzidakis, Greek composer and theorist (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1990)[3]
  • 1927Sonny Criss, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1927 – Dezső Gyarmati, Hungarian water polo player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Leszek Kołakowski, Polish-English historian and philosopher (d. 2009)
  • 1929Shamsur Rahman, Bangladeshi poet and journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1930Luis Alarcón, Chilean actor
  • 1930 – Unto Mononen, Finnish musician (d. 1968)
  • 1931Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – William P. Clark, Jr., American judge and politician, 12th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Diana Dors, English actress (d. 1984)
  • 1932Vasily Belov, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (d. 2012)
  • 1933Carol Fran, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1933 – Carlos Lemos Simmonds, sixth Vice President of Columbia (d. 2003)
  • 1934Caitro Soto, Afro-Peruvian musician (d. 2004)
  • 1935Chi-Chi Rodríguez, Puerto Rican-American golfer
  • 1935 – JacSue Kehoe, American neuroscientist
  • 1936Charles Goodhart, English economist and academic
  • 1936 – Philip Kaufman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937Johnny Carroll, American rockabilly musician (d. 1995)
  • 1937 – Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian captain (d. 1971)
  • 1937 – Deven Verma, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1938Alan G`ilzean, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1939Charlie Foxx, American R&B/soul singer and guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1939 – C. V. Vigneswaran, Sri Lankan lawyer, judge, and politician, 1st Chief Minister of the Northern Province
  • 1940Ellie Greenwich, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Raindrops) (d. 2009)
  • 1940 – Jane Holzer, American model, actress, producer, and art collector
  • 1940 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer and actor
  • 1941René Metge, French rally driver
  • 1941 – Colin Milburn, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1941 – Igor Smirnov, Moldovan engineer and politician, 1st President of Transnistria
  • 1942Michael Crichton, American author, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1942 – Douglas Dunn, Scottish poet, critic, and academic
  • 1942 – Bernd Erdmann, German footballer and manager
  • 1942 – Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and activist, founded The Body Shop (d. 2007)
  • 1943Alida Chelli, Italian actress and singer (d. 2012)
  • 1944Mike Harding, English singer-songwriter and comedian
  • 1945Maggi Hambling, English sculptor and painter
  • 1945 – Kim Larsen, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Gasolin')
  • 1945 – Graça Machel, Mozambican politician and humanitarian
  • 1945 – Ernie Watts, American saxophonist
  • 1945 – Maury Yeston, American composer, lyricist, and music theorist
  • 1946Graeme Barker, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1946 – Alicia Borinsky, Argentine writer
  • 1946 – Mel Martínez, American lawyer and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1946 – Miklós Németh, Hungarian javelin thrower
  • 1947Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi, co-founder of the Palestinian movement Hamas
  • 1947 – Kazimierz Deyna, Polish footballer (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Greg Ridley, English bass player (d. 2003)
  • 1948Hermann Hauser, Austrian-English businessman, co-founded Acorn Computers and Olivetti Research Laboratory
  • 1948 – Gerry Robinson, Irish-born British businessman, arts patron and television personality
  • 1948 – Brian Ross, American journalist
  • 1948 – Jordi Sabatés, Spanish musician
  • 1949Krešimir Ćosić, Croatian soldier and politician
  • 1949 – Oscar Martínez, Argentine theater actor
  • 1949 – Nick Tosches, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 2019)
  • 1949 – Würzel, English singer and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1950Maths O. Sundqvist, Swedish businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1951Charly García, Argentine singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1951 – Ángel de Andrés López, Spanish actor (d. 2016)
  • 1951 – Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovan academic and politician, 2nd President of Kosovo
  • 1951 – David Wills, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Pierre Moerlen, French drummer (Gong) (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Ken Tipton, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953Taner Akçam, Turkish sociologist and historian
  • 1953 – Joaquín Lavín, Chilean politician and economist
  • 1954Ang Lee, Taiwanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956Adam Nawałka, Polish football player and manager
  • 1956 – Darrell Pace, American archer[4]
  • 1956 – Dianne Reeves, American singer
  • 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1957Paul Kagame, Rwandan soldier and politician, 6th President of Rwanda
  • 1957 – Graham Rix, English footballer and coach
  • 1958Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, author, and academic
  • 1958 – Rose Nabinger, German singer
  • 1958 – Frank Schaffer, German sprinter
  • 1959Nancy Grace, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1959 – Sam Raimi, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – "Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer-songwriter, comedian, and actor
  • 1960Mirwais Ahmadzaï, Swiss-French keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960 – Katoucha Niane, French model and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1960 – Randy Pausch, American author and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcycle racer
  • 1961Laurie Halse Anderson, American author
  • 1961 – Vinicio Gómez, Guatemalan politician (d. 2008)
  • 1961 – Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1962Doug Flutie, American football player, sportscaster, and drummer
  • 1963Gordon Korman, Canadian-American author
  • 1963 – Rashidi Yekini, Nigerian footballer
  • 1964Anabell López, Cuban singer
  • 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1964 – Eddy Cue, American computer scientist and businessman
  • 1965Augusten Burroughs, American author and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Al Leiter, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1966Alex Zanardi, Italian racing driver and cyclist
  • 1967Dale Crover, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1967 – Omar Linares, Cuban baseball player
  • 1967 – Walt Flanagan, American actor and illustrator
  • 1967 – Jaime Yzaga, Peruvian tennis player
  • 1969Dolly Buster, Czech film producer and director, actress and author
  • 1969 – Trudi Canavan, Australian author and illustrator
  • 1969 – Bill O'Brien, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Brooke Theiss, American actress
  • 1970Matthew Barzun, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
  • 1970 – Grant Imahara, American television presenter and engineer
  • 1970 – Kenji Nomura, Japanese voice actor
  • 1970 – Zoe Wiseman, American model and photographer
  • 1971Carlo Forlivesi, Italian-Japanese composer and scholar
  • 1971 – Chris Horner, American cyclist
  • 1972Kate del Castillo, Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Tiffeny Milbrett, American soccer player
  • 1972 – Dominika Paleta, Polish-Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Eduardo Paret, Cuban baseball player
  • 1972 – Bryan Pratt, American lawyer and politician
  • 1972 – Jasmin St. Claire, Virgin Islander-American actress
  • 1972 – Jimmy Wayne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973Christian Dailly, Scottish footballer
  • 1974Aravind Adiga, Indian journalist and author
  • 1974 – Beatrice Faumuina, New Zealand discus thrower
  • 1974 – Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Christine Yoshikawa, Canadian pianist
  • 1975Jessicka, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Michelle Beadle, American sportscaster
  • 1975 – Odalys García, Cuban actress
  • 1975 – Phillip Gillespie, Australian cricket umpire
  • 1975 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1975 – Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Manuela Velasco, Spanish actress
  • 1976Cat Deeley, English model, actress, and television host
  • 1976 – Sergio Diduch, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian-American actor and producer
  • 1977Brad Haddin, Australian cricketer
  • 1977 – Alex Tudor, English cricketer and coach
  • 1978Jimmy Bullard, English footballer
  • 1978 – Steve Harmison, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1978 – John Lackey, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Archie Thompson, New Zealand-Australian footballer
  • 1979Ramón Castro, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979 – Simon Davies, Welsh footballer
  • 1979 – Prabhas, Telugu film actor
  • 1979 – Jorge Solís, Mexican boxer
  • 1979 – Bud Smith, American baseball player
  • 1980Mate Bilić, Croatian footballer
  • 1980 – Pedro Liriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981Daniela Alvarado, Venezuelan actress
  • 1981 – Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch racing driver
  • 1981 – Leticia Dolera, Spanish actress
  • 1981 – Ben Francisco, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Lee Ki-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1981 – Jackie Long, American actor and producer
  • 1981 – Mirel Rădoi, Romanian footballer
  • 1981 – Huo Siyan, Chinese actress
  • 1982Valentin Badea, Romanian footballer
  • 1982 – Rickey Paulding, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Kristjan Kangur, Estonian basketball player
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Luković, Serbian footballer
  • 1982 – Rodolfo Dantas Bispo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983Filippos Darlas, Greek footballer
  • 1983 – Valentin Demyanenko, Ukrainian-born Azerbaijani canoeist[5]
  • 1983 – Goldie Harvey, Nigerian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1984Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
  • 1984 – Jeffrey Hoogervorst, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Simone Masini, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Meghan McCain, American journalist and author
  • 1984 – Michael Sim, Australian golfer
  • 1984 – Keiren Westwood, English footballer
  • 1985Miguel, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1985 – Mohammed Abdellaoue, Norwegian footballer
  • 1985 – Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American actress, poet, and humanitarian
  • 1985 – Chris Neal, English footballer
  • 1985 – Luca Spinetti, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Panagiotis Vouis, Greek footballer
  • 1986Emilia Clarke, English actress
  • 1986 – Briana Evigan, American actress and dancer
  • 1986 – Jake Robinson, English footballer
  • 1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress
  • 1987Faye, Swedish singer-songwriter (Play)
  • 1987 – Robin Copeland, Irish rugby player
  • 1987 – Félix Doubront, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1987 – Kyle Gibson, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Seo In-guk, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1987 – Miyuu Sawai, Japanese model and actress
  • 1987 – Naomi Watanabe, Japanese actress
  • 1988Jordan Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Aleksandr Salugin, Russian footballer
  • 1988 – Carolin Schiewe, German footballer
  • 1989Viktor Agardius, Swedish footballer
  • 1989 – Alain Broja, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1989 – Jonita Gandhi, Indo-Canadian singer
  • 1989 – Anisya Kirdyapkina, Russian race walker
  • 1989 – Andriy Yarmolenko, Ukraian footballer
  • 1990Paradise Oskar, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1991Emil Forsberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1991 – Jorge Taufua, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Princess Mako of Akishino, member of the Japanese Imperial Family
  • 1992Álvaro Morata, Spanish footballer
  • 1993Josh Ruffels, English footballer
  • 1993 – Taylor Spreitler, American actress
  • 1995Ireland Baldwin, American model
  • 1997Jaydn Su'A, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1998Amandla Stenberg, American actress[6]
  • 2002Shin Eun-soo, South Korean actress

Deaths

  • 42 BCMarcus Junius Brutus the Younger, Roman general and politician (b. 85 BC)
  • 877Ignatios of Constantinople, Byzantine patriarch (b. 797)
  • 891Yazaman al-Khadim, Abbasid general and politician
  • 902Ibrahim II of Ifriqiya, Aghlabid emir (b. 850)
  • 930Daigo, Japanese emperor (b. 885)
  • 945Hyejong of Goryeo, Korean king (b. 912)
  • 949Yōzei, Japanese emperor (b. 869)
  • 1134Abu al-Salt, Andalusian polymath
  • 1157Sweyn III, Danish king (b. c. 1125)
  • 1456John of Capistrano, Italian priest and saint (b. 1386)
  • 1550Tiedemann Giese, Polish bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1581Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)
  • 1590Bernardino de Sahagún, Spanish-born Franciscan, compiler of the Florentine Codex of Aztecs history in Mexico (b. 1499)
  • 1616Leonhard Hutter, German theologian and academic (b. 1563)
  • 1688Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist and historian (b. 1610)
  • 1730Anne Oldfield, English actress (b. 1683)
  • 1764Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1683)
  • 1774Michel Benoist, French missionary and astronomer (b. 1715)
  • 1867Franz Bopp, German linguist and academic (b. 1791)
  • 1869Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1799)
  • 1872Théophile Gautier, French journalist, author, and poet (b. 1811)
  • 1885Charles S. West, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Secretary of State of Texas (b. 1829)
  • 1893Alexander of Battenberg (b. 1857)
  • 1910Chulalongkorn, Thai king (b. 1853)
  • 1915W. G. Grace, English cricketer and physician (b. 1848)
  • 1916Richard McFadden, Scottish footballer and soldier (b. 1889)
  • 1917Eugène Grasset, Swiss illustrator (b. 1845)
  • 1921John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, founded Dunlop Rubber (b. 1840)
  • 1935Charles Demuth, American painter and educator (b. 1883)
  • 1939Zane Grey, American dentist and author (b. 1872)
  • 1942Ralph Rainger, American pianist and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1943Wakashima Gonshirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 21st Yokozuna (b. 1876)
  • 1944Charles Glover Barkla, English-Scottish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1944 – Hana Brady, Czech holocaust victim (b. 1931)
  • 1950Al Jolson, Lithuanian-American actor and singer (b. 1886)
  • 1953Adrien de Noailles, French son of Jules Charles Victurnien de Noailles (b. 1869)
  • 1959George Bouzianis, Greek painter (b. 1885)
  • 1959 – Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (b. 1871)
  • 1964Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (b. 1886)
  • 1978Maybelle Carter, American singer and autoharp player (Carter Family) (b. 1909)
  • 1983Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 1984Oskar Werner, Austrian-German actor (b. 1922)
  • 1986Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
  • 1988Asashio Tarō III, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 46th Yokozuna (b. 1929)
  • 1989Armida, Mexican-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1990Thomas Williams, American author and academic (b. 1926)
  • 1994Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996Bob Grim, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 1997Bert Haanstra, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1998Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
  • 1999Eric Reece, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of Tasmania (b. 1909)
  • 2000Yokozuna, American wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2001Josh Kirby, English illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and historian (b. 1917)
  • 2002Adolph Green, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2003Tony Capstick, English actor and singer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Soong Mei-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-shek, 2nd First Lady of the Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • 2004Robert Merrill, American actor and singer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Bill Nicholson, English footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1919)
  • 2005William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – John Muth, American economist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian wife of Olusegun Obasanjo, 10th First Lady of Nigeria (b. 1945)
  • 2006Lebo Mathosa, South African singer (Boom Shaka) (b. 1977)
  • 2007John Ilhan, Turkish-Australian businessman, founded Crazy John's (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Lim Goh Tong, Malaysian-Chinese businessman (b. 1918)
  • 2008Kevin Finnegan, English boxer (b. 1948)
  • 2009Lou Jacobi, Canadian-American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2010Fran Crippen, American swimmer (b. 1984)
  • 2010 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (b. 1923)
  • 2011Herbert A. Hauptman, American chemist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2011 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1987)
  • 2012William Joel Blass, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Wilhelm Brasse, Polish photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Roland de la Poype, French soldier and pilot (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Michael Marra, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2013Wes Bialosuknia, American basketball player (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Anthony Caro, English sculptor and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Niall Donohue, Irish hurler (b. 1990)
  • 2013 – Gypie Mayo, English guitarist and songwriter (Dr. Feelgood and The Yardbirds) (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Bill Mazer, Ukrainian-American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1920)
  • 2014Ghulam Azam, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – John Bramlett, American football player (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Joan Quigley, American astrologer and author (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Tullio Regge, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Alvin Stardust, English singer and actor (b. 1942)
  • 2015Leon Bibb, American-Canadian singer (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Roger De Clerck, Belgian businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Jim Roberts, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Fred Sands, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Museum of Contemporary Art (b. 1938)
  • 2016Jack Chick, American cartoonist and publisher (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Wim van der Voort, Dutch speed skater (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Pete Burns, English singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2017Walter Lassally, German cinematographer (b. 1926)
  • 2018Todd Reid, Australian tennis player (b. 1984)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer
    • James the Just (i.e. James, brother of Jesus) (Lutheran, Episcopal Church (USA), Eastern Orthodox)
    • Allucio of Campugliano
    • Amon of Toul (Diocese of Toul)
    • Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
    • Giovanni da Capistrano
    • Ignatios of Constantinople
    • Joséphine Leroux
    • Peter Pascual
    • Romain (Romanus) of Rouen
    • Servandus and Cermanus
    • Severin of Cologne
    • October 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Christmas or the Feast of Señor Noemi (the Child Jesus) in the Apostolic Catholic Church
  • Aviator's Day (Brazil)
  • Chulalongkorn Day (Thailand)
  • Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle (Republic of North Macedonia)
  • Liberation Day (Libya)
  • Mole Day (International observance)
  • National Day (Hungary)
  • Paris Peace Agreement Day (Cambodia)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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