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Events

  • 829Theophilos succeeds his father Michael II as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 939Battle of Andernach: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, crushes a rebellion against his rule, by a coalition of Eberhard of Franconia and other Frankish dukes.
  • 1187Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1470The Earl of Warwick's rebellion forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
  • 1528William Tyndale publishes The Obedience of a Christian Man, which advocates the divine right of kings.
  • 1535Jacques Cartier discovers the present site of Montreal.
  • 1552 – Russo-Kazan Wars: Russian troops enter Kazan.
  • 1780American Revolutionary War: John André, a British Army officer, is hanged as a spy by the Continental Army.
  • 1789 – The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.
  • 1814 – Chilean War of Independence: Royalist troops defeat Chilean forces of Bernardo O'Higgins and José Miguel Carrera.
  • 1835 – Texas Revolution: Mexican troops attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1864American Civil War: Confederates defeat a Union attack on Saltville, Virginia. A massacre of wounded Union prisoners (most of them are from a Black cavalry unit) ensues.
  • 1870 – A plebiscite held in Rome, supports annexation of city of Rome by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1919 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him incapacitated for several weeks.
  • 1928 – The "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded.
  • 1937 – Rafael Trujillo orders the execution of Haitians living in the northwestern region of the Dominican Republic.
  • 1941World War II: In Operation Typhoon, the Wehrmacht attempts to capture Moscow before the onset of winter.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ocean Liner Template:RMS accidentally rams and sinks Template:HMS, killing 337 crewmen aboard Curacoa.
  • 1944 – World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1958Guinea declares its independence from France.
  • 1959Rod Serling's anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS. The first episode is “Where Is Everybody?”
  • 1967Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz orders soldiers to suppress a demonstration of unarmed students, ten days before the start of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
  • 1970 – An aircraft carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 people.
  • 1980Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
  • 1990 – Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128.
  • 1992 – Military police storm the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil during a prison riot. The resulting massacre leaves 111 prisoners dead.
  • 1996Aeroperú Flight 603 crashes into the ocean near Peru, killing all 70 people on board.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000 – The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – The first parkrun, then known as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London, UK.[1]
  • 2006 – Five Amish girls are murdered in a shooting at a school in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea goes to North Korea for an Inter-Korean summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.
  • 2016Ethiopian protests break out during a festival in the Oromia region, killing dozens of people.

Births

  • 1452Richard III of England (d. 1485)[2]
  • 1470Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1498)
  • 1527William Drury, English politician (d. 1579)
  • 1538Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1584)
  • 1589Muhammad Parviz, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1626)
  • 1644François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (d. 1724)
  • 1704František Tůma, Czech organist and composer (d. 1774)
  • 1718Elizabeth Montagu, English author and critic (d. 1800)
  • 1727Ignaz Schiffermüller, Austrian entomologist and academic (d. 1806)
  • 1760Empress Xiaoshurui, Empress consort of the Qing dynasty (d. 1797)
  • 1768William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831–49) (d. 1849)
  • 1800Nat Turner, American slave and uprising leader (d. 1831)
  • 1815James Agnew, Northern Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1901)
  • 1821Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908)
  • 1824Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1828Charles Floquet, French lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of France (d. 1896)
  • 1832Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1847Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1851Ferdinand Foch, French field marshal and theorist (d. 1929)
  • 1852William Ramsay, Scottish-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1854Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1869Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter, activist and philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1871Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1871 – Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscaper and author (d. 1959)
  • 1873Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Pelham Warner, English cricketer and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1875Pattie Ruffner Jacobs, American suffragist (d. 1935)[3]
  • 1879Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1882Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian colonel (d. 1945)
  • 1883Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Karl von Terzaghi, Czech-American geologist and engineer (d. 1963)
  • 1890Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1893Leroy Shield, American composer and conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1895Ruth Cheney Streeter, American colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1897Bud Abbott, American comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1902John G. Crommelin, American admiral and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian engineer and politician, 18th Chancellor of Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1904Graham Greene, English novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian academic and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of India (d. 1966)
  • 1905Franjo Šeper, Croatian cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1906Thomas Hollway, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Victoria (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1907Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician, 52nd President of Bolivia (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1909Alex Raymond, American cartoonist, creator of Flash Gordon (d. 1956)
  • 1911Jack Finney, American author and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1912Frank Malina, American engineer and painter (d. 1981)
  • 1914Jack Parsons, American chemist, occultist, and engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, English organist, conductor, and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1915Chuck Williams, American author and businessman, founded Williams Sonoma (d. 2015)
  • 1917Christian de Duve, English-Belgian cytologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919John W. Duarte, English guitarist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Jan Flinterman, Dutch race car driver and pilot (d. 1992)
  • 1921Edmund Crispin, English writer and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American pilot and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1925Wren Blair, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1926Jan Morris, English-Welsh historian and author
  • 1928George McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, Polish-German theologian and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1929Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930Dave Barrett, Canadian social worker and politician, 26th Premier of British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932Maury Wills, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1933John Gurdon, English biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer and director
  • 1933 – Dave Somerville, Canadian singer (The Diamonds) (d. 2015)
  • 1934Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, South African-English lawyer and judge
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1935Omar Sívori, Italian-Argentine footballer and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1936Dick Barnett, American basketball player and educator
  • 1936 – Feliciano Belmonte Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 20th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
  • 1936 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1937Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005)
  • 1938Nick Gravenites, American singer–songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American film critic
  • 1939Budhi Kunderan, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1941Diana Hendry, English poet and author
  • 1941 – Ron Meagher, American rock bass player
  • 1942Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2012)
  • 1943Anna Ford, English journalist and academic
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet, painter, and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1943 – Henri Szeps, Australian actor
  • 1944Vernor Vinge, American computer scientist and author
  • 1944 – Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
  • 1945Martin Hellman, American cryptographer and academic
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946Sonthi Boonyaratglin, Thai general and politician
  • 1946 – Peter Kellner, English journalist and author
  • 1947Ward Churchill, American author and activist
  • 1947 – Paul Jackson, English director and producer
  • 1948Trevor Brooking, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor and singer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founded DKNY
  • 1948 – Siim Kallas, Estonian soldier and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1948 – Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, Femina Miss India 1965 (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American singer-songwriter and sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1949Richard Hell, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950Mike Rutherford, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1951Sting, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor
  • 1952Jan Švejnar, Czech-American economist and politician
  • 1953Vanessa Bell Armstrong, American singer
  • 1953 – Muhammad Abdul Bari, Bangladeshi-English physicist and academic
  • 1954Lorraine Bracco, American actress and producer
  • 1955Philip Oakey, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1955 – Nancy Rothwell, English physiologist and academic
  • 1956Peter Bruce, Scottish chemist and academic
  • 1956 – Freddie Jackson, American soul singer
  • 1956 – Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Russian-German cosmologist and physicist
  • 1957John Cook, American golfer
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby player and police officer
  • 1957 – Dave Faulkner, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Kate St John, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958Robbie Nevil, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959Luis Fernández, French footballer and manager
  • 1960Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Django Bates, English pianist and composer
  • 1960 – Johan Lammerts, Dutch cyclist
  • 1960 – Joe Sacco, American journalist and cartoonist
  • 1960 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Dereck Whittenburg, American basketball player and coach
  • 1961Jaan Toomik, Estonian director and producer
  • 1962James Hunter, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Mark Rypien, Canadian-American football player
  • 1963Keith Bradshaw, Australian cricketer and accountant
  • 1964Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1965Darren Cahill, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1965 – Tom Moody, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1967Frankie Fredericks, Namibian sprinter
  • 1967 – Gary L. Gregg, American political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1967 – Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Victoria Derbyshire, English journalist and radio host
  • 1968 – Benjie Paras, Filipino basketball player and actor
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player and sportscaster (d. 2017)
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Kelly Willis, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1969Badly Drawn Boy, English indie singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American talk show host, comedian, weatherman
  • 1970Eddie Guardado, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Patricia O'Callaghan, Canadian soprano and producer
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971Tiffany Darwish, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971 – Jim Root, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1972Aaron McKie, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973Melissa Harris-Perry, American journalist, author, and educator
  • 1973 – Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974Adel Ferdosipour, Iranian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Bjarke Ingels, Danish architect
  • 1974 – Brian Knight, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, Taiwanese-American actress and producer
  • 1974 – Matthew Nicholson, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., American motorcycle designer, co-founded Orange County Choppers
  • 1974 – Kevin Van De Wege, American firefighter and politician
  • 1975Baiba Broka, Latvian politician
  • 1976Mark Chilton, English cricketer
  • 1976 – John Thornton, American football player
  • 1977Didier Défago, Swiss skier
  • 1978Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1978 – Matthew Hancock, English economist and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1979Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1980Shane Andrus, American football player
  • 1981Ridzuan Fatah Hasan, Singaporean footballer
  • 1981 – Santi Kolk, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1982Tyson Chandler, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Esra Gümüş, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1982 – Gary Wilkinson, American basketball player
  • 1984Marion Bartoli, French tennis player
  • 1985Çağlar Birinci, Turkish footballer
  • 1985 – Buster Davis, American football player
  • 1985 – Brandon Jackson, American football player
  • 1986Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987Bojana Bobusic, Australian tennis player
  • 1987 – Joe Ingles, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Joel Reinders, American football player
  • 1987 – Ricky Stenhouse Jr., American race car driver
  • 1988Brittany Howard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989Aaron Hicks, American baseball player
  • 1989 – George Nash, English rower
  • 1989 – Janine Gutierrez, Filipino actress
  • 1990Dean Bouzanis, Australian footballer
  • 1991Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991Jeanjos Parfait, Burundian musician
  • 1992Sirje Roops, Estonian footballer
  • 1993Michy Batshuayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1993 – Aaro Vainio, Finnish race car driver
  • 1994Joana Eidukonytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1995Te Maire Martin, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1995 – Tepai Moeroa, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1996Tom Trbojevic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997Hana Sugisaki, Japanese actress
  • 2002Jacob Sartorius, American singer

Deaths

  • 534Athalaric, Italian king (b. 516)
  • 829Michael II, Byzantine emperor (b. 770)
  • 939Eberhard III, duke of Franconia
  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine (b. 890)
  • 1264Pope Urban IV
  • 1348Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (b. 1281)
  • 1559Jacquet of Mantua, French-Italian composer (b. 1483)
  • 1588Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1509)
  • 1626Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and theologian (b. 1575)
  • 1678Wu Sangui, Qing Chinese general (b. 1612)
  • 1685David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
  • 1708Anne Jules de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1709Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1639)
  • 1724François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (b. 1644)
  • 1746Josiah Burchett, English admiral and politician (b. 1666)
  • 1764William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1720)
  • 1775Fukuda Chiyo-ni, Japanese nun and poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780John André, English soldier (b. 1750)
  • 1782Charles Lee, English-born American general (b. 1732)
  • 1786Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, English admiral and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1803Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1722)
  • 1804Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French engineer (b. 1725)
  • 1850Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853François Arago, French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician, 25th Prime Minister of France (b. 1786)
  • 1920Max Bruch, German composer and conductor (b. 1838)
  • 1927Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938Alexandru Averescu, Romanian field marshal and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – André Lagache, French race car driver and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1943John Evans, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1855)
  • 1947P. D. Ouspensky, Russian-English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1953John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955Humphrey Barclay, English priest (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1881)
  • 1962Boris Yakovlevich Bukreev, Russian mathematician and author (b. 1859)
  • 1968Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1971Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (b. 1883)
  • 1973Paul Hartman, American actor and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974Vasily Shukshin, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1975K. Kamaraj, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1981Harry Golden, American journalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American activist, actress, and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1985Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987Madeleine Carroll, English actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-English biologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1988Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Hamengkubuwono IX, Indonesian politician, 2nd Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1912)
  • 1991Hazen Argue, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
  • 1994Harriet Nelson, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1996Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1996 – Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1938)
  • 1998Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and guitarist (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999Heinz G. Konsalik, German journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2000David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia (b. 1929)
  • 2001Franz Biebl, German composer and academic (b. 1906)
  • 2002Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-American physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003John Thomas Dunlop, American scholar and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, English author and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – George Grizzard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish Republican Army volunteer (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (b. 1954)
  • 2010Kwa Geok Choo, Singaporean lawyer and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 2011Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2012Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Vietnamese-American poet and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – J. Philippe Rushton, English-Canadian psychologist, theorist, academic (b. 1943)
  • 2013Gottfried Fischer, German psychologist, therapist, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Herman Hugg, American painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Kaare Ørnung, Norwegian pianist and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2014Robert Flower, Australian footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Vaughn O. Lang, American general (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Frederic Tamler Sommers, American philosopher and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2015Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Brian Friel, Irish author, playwright, and director (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Rodolfo Frigeri, Argentinian economist and politician, Argentinian Minister of Finance (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Coleridge Goode, Jamaican-English bassist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – James Mutende, Ugandan veterinarian, economist, and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Johnny Paton, Scottish footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2016Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Gary Reed, American comic book writer (b. 1956)
  • 2017Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)

Holidays and observances

  • Batik Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Memorial of the Holy Guardian Angels
    • Leodegar
    • October 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Gandhi's birthday-related observances:
    • Gandhi Jayanti (India)
    • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea from France in 1958.
  • National Grandparents Day (Italy)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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