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Events

  • 202 BC – Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • 439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
  • 1386 – The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • 1453 – Hundred Years' War: Three months after the Battle of Castillon, England loses its last possessions in southern France.
  • 1466 – The Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the Teutonic Order ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
  • 1469Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1512Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology.
  • 1579James VI of Scotland is celebrated as an adult ruler by a festival in Edinburgh.[1]
  • 1596 – The Spanish ship San Felipe runs aground on the coast of Japan and its cargo is confiscated by local authorities
  • 1649New Ross town in Ireland surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The siege of Yorktown comes to an end.
  • 1789John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm.
  • 1812 – The French invasion of Russia fails when Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow.
  • 1813 – War of the Sixth Coalition: Napoleon is forced to retreat from Germany after the Battle of Leipzig.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Cedar Creek ends the last Confederate threat to Washington, DC.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate agents based in Canada rob three banks in Saint Albans, Vermont.
  • 1866 – In accordance with the Treaty of Vienna, Austria cedes Veneto and Mantua to France, which immediately awards them to Italy in exchange for the earlier Italian acquiescence to the French annexation of Savoy and Nice.
  • 1900 – Max Planck discovers Planck's law of black-body radiation.
  • 1912Italo-Turkish War: Italy takes possession of what is now Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – First World War: The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Prime Minister and several officials are murdered in the Bloody Night coup.
  • 1922 – British Conservative MPs vote to terminate the coalition government with the Liberal Party.
  • 1933Konstantin von Neurath withdraws Germany from the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – The League of Nations places economic sanctions on Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943 – The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Crete and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1944 – A coup is launched against Juan Federico Ponce Vaides, beginning the ten-year Guatemalan Revolution.
  • 1950 – China defeats the Tibetan Army at Chambo.
  • 1950 – Korean War: The Battle of Pyongyang ends in a United Nations victory. Hours later, the Chinese Army begins crossing the border into Korea.
  • 1950 – Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
  • 1956 – The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • 1960 – The United States imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
  • 1973 – President Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • 1974Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • 1984 – A Roman Catholic priest, Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the Solidarity Union, is killed by three agents of the Polish Communist internal intelligence agency.
  • 1986 – The president of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, along with 33 others, die when their aircraft crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
  • 1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • 1988 – The British government imposes a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.
  • 1989 – The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • 2001SIEV X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 migrants, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • 2012 – A bomb explosion kills eight people and injures 110 more in Lebanon.
  • 2013 – At least 105 people are injured in a train crash in Buenos Aires.

Births

  • 879Yingtian, empress of the Khitan Liao Dynasty (d. 953)
  • 1276Prince Hisaaki of Japan (d. 1328)
  • 1433Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1507Viglius, Dutch politician (d. 1577)
  • 1545John Juvenal Ancina, Italian Oratorian and bishop (d. 1604)
  • 1582Dmitry of Uglich, Russian crown prince and saint (d. 1591)
  • 1605Thomas Browne, English physician and author (d. 1682)
  • 1609Gerrard Winstanley, English Protestant religious reformer (d. 1676)
  • 1610James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English-Irish general, academic, and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1688)
  • 1613Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint (d. 1670)
  • 1658Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680John Abernethy, Irish minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, French general and politician, French Secretary of State for War (d. 1804)
  • 1720John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)
  • 1721Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist and sinologist (d. 1800)
  • 1784Leigh Hunt, English poet and critic (d. 1859)
  • 1789Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and philosopher (d. 1853)
  • 1810Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 1903)
  • 1814Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter (d. 1878)
  • 1826Ralph Tollemache, English priest (d. 1895)
  • 1850Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1851Empress Myeongseong of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858George Albert Boulenger, Belgian-English zoologist and botanist (d. 1937)
  • 1862Auguste Lumière, French director and producer (d. 1954)
  • 1868Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle (d. 1943)
  • 1873Jaap Eden, Dutch speed skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
  • 1873 – Bart King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1876Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Mihkel Pung, Estonian lawyer and politician, 11th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1941)
  • 1879Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist (d. 1919)
  • 1882Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1885Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956)
  • 1895Frank Durbin, American soldier (d. 1999)
  • 1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1896Bob O'Farrell, American baseball player and manager (d. 1988)
  • 1897Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani chemist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1899Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan journalist, author, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1900Erna Berger, German soprano and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer and baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1957)
  • 1901Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1903Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1907Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1908Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 1981)
  • 1909Marguerite Perey, French physicist and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1910Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Shunkichi Hamada, Japanese field hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1910 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1913Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1914Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1916Jean Dausset, French-Spanish immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist (d. 1986)
  • 1917Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande, Indian mathematician
  • 1917 – William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1918Charles Evans, English-Welsh mountaineer, surgeon, and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Russell Kirk, American theorist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1920LaWanda Page, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Harry Alan Towers, English-Canadian screenwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian activist, philosopher, and spiritual leader (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Peter Aduja, Filipino American Hawaii Legislature representative (d. 2007)
  • 1921George Nader, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1922Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1923Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Baby Dalupan, Filipino basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1925Bernard Hepton, English actor and producer (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Czesław Kiszczak, Polish general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentinian admiral (d. 2010)
  • 1926Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina
  • 1927Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter and illustrator
  • 1927 – Stephen Keynes, English businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1928Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013)
  • 1929Lewis Wolpert, South African-English biologist, author, and academic
  • 1930John Evans, Baron Evans of Parkside, English union leader and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Mavis Nicholson, Welsh-English journalist
  • 1931Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator
  • 1931 – John le Carré, English intelligence officer and author
  • 1931 – Atsushi Miyagi, Japanese tennis player
  • 1932Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1933Brian Booth, Australian cricketer and educator
  • 1933 – Anthony Skingsley, English air marshal (d. 2019)
  • 1934Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian general and politician, 3rd Head of State of Nigeria
  • 1934 – Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician (d. 1991)
  • 1935Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1936James Bevel, American civil rights activist and minister (d. 2008)
  • 1937Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer
  • 1937 – Peter Max, German-American illustrator
  • 1937 – Terence Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, English banker and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1938Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth, Jamaican-English union leader and politician
  • 1939David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, Scottish academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1940Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Michael Gambon, Irish-British actor
  • 1940 – Rosny Smarth, Haitian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1941Peter Thornley, English professional wrestler best known for the ring character Kendo Nagasaki[2]
  • 1941 – Simon Ward, English actor (d. 2012)
  • 1942Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author
  • 1943Robin Holloway, English composer and academic
  • 1943 – Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1943 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet
  • 1944George McCrae, American singer
  • 1944 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1987)
  • 1945Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 – Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist
  • 1945 – Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945 – Jeannie C. Riley, American singer
  • 1945 – Martin Welz, South African journalist
  • 1946Bob Holland, Australian cricketer and surveyor (d. 2017)
  • 1946 – Philip Pullman, English author and academic
  • 1946 – Keith Reid, English songwriter and lyricist
  • 1947Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian author and illustrator
  • 1948James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic
  • 1948 – Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host
  • 1949 – Jamie McGrigor, English-Scottish politician
  • 1950Yeslam bin Ladin, Saudi Arabian-Swiss businessman
  • 1951Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematician and physicist
  • 1951 – Annie Golden, American actress and singer
  • 1951 – Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1952Peter Bone, English accountant and politician
  • 1952 – Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1953Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954Sam Allardyce, English footballer and manager
  • 1954 – Deborah Blum, American journalist and author
  • 1954 – Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1955Dan Gutman, American author
  • 1955 – LaSalle Ishii, Japanese actor and director
  • 1956Steve Doocy, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Elena Garanina, Soviet ice dancer and coach
  • 1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform
  • 1956 – Didier Theys, Belgian race car driver and coach
  • 1956 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Bruce Weber, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957 – Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic
  • 1957 – Karl Wallinger, Welsh singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1958Carolyn Browne, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Kazakhstan
  • 1958 – Hiromi Hara, Japanese footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
  • 1959Nir Barkat, Israeli businessman and politician, Mayor of Jerusalem
  • 1959 – Martin Kusch, German philosopher and academic
  • 1960Dawn Coe-Jones, Canadian golfer (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Takeshi Koshida, Japanese footballer
  • 1960 – Susan Straight, American author and academic
  • 1960 – Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Dan Woodgate, English musician, songwriter, composer, and record producer
  • 1961Sunny Deol, Indian actor and producer
  • 1961 – Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1962Tracy Chevalier, American-English author
  • 1962 – Brian Henninger, American golfer
  • 1962 – Bendik Hofseth, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor
  • 1962 – Svetlana Zainetdinova, Soviet-Estonian chess player and coach
  • 1963Sinitta, American-British singer
  • 1964Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host
  • 1965Brad Daugherty, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Todd Park Mohr, American rock singer-songwriter and musician (Big Head Todd and the Monsters)
  • 1966Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Dimitris Lyacos, Greek poet and playwright
  • 1966 – David Vann, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1967Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist
  • 1967 – Yōji Matsuda, Japanese actor
  • 1967 – Yoko Shimomura, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1968Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1969John Edward, American psychic and author
  • 1969 – Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager
  • 1970Andrew Griffiths, English politician
  • 1970 – Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972Keith Foulke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Pras, American rapper-songwriter (Fugees), record producer, and actor
  • 1973Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1973 – Okan Buruk, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975Burak Güven, Turkish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1976Omar Gooding, American actor and producer
  • 1976 – Jostein Gulbrandsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976 – Paul Hartley, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Hiroshi Sakai, Japanese footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Young, American baseball player
  • 1977Habib Beye, French-Senegalese footballer
  • 1977 – Louis-José Houde, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Mo Twister, Filipino radio and television host
  • 1978Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1978 – Zakhar Dubensky, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Henri Sorvali, Finnish guitarist and keyboard player
  • 1979José Luis López, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Robertson, American trombonist
  • 1979 – Sachiko Sugiyama, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1980José Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Rajai Davis, American baseball player
  • 1981Leon Bott, Australian rugby league player
  • 1981 – Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1982Atom Araullo, Filipino journalist
  • 1982 – Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director
  • 1982 – Louis Oosthuizen, South African golfer
  • 1982 – Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Daan van Bunge, Dutch cricketer
  • 1983Rebecca Ferguson, Swedish actress
  • 1983 – Andy Lonergan, English footballer
  • 1983 – Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger
  • 1984Danka Barteková, Slovak skeet shooter
  • 1987Tsunenori Aoki, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Sam Groth, Australian tennis player
  • 1988Zeph Ellis, English rapper and producer
  • 1988 – Markiyan Kamysh, Ukrainian writer
  • 1988 – Chris Lawrence, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989James Gavet, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1989 – Miroslav Stoch, Slovakian footballer
  • 1989 – Rakuto Tochihara, Japanese actor
  • 1989 – Janine Tugonon, Filipino model and television host
  • 1990Tom Kilbey, English footballer
  • 1990 – Endō Shōta, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1990 – Janet Leon, Swedish singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1991Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1992Shiho, Japanese actress and model
  • 1993Abby Sunderland, American sailor
  • 1994Agnė Sereikaitė, Lithuanian speed skater
  • 1996Bernadeth Pons, Filipino volleyball athlete
  • 1999Carlotta Truman, German singer-songwriter

Deaths

  • 727Frithuswith, English saint (b. 650)
  • 993Conrad I, King of Burgundy (b. c. 925)
  • 1216John, King of England (b. 1167)
  • 1287Bohemond VII, Count of Tripoli
  • 1354Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada (b. 1318)
  • 1375Cansignorio della Scala, Lord of Verona (b. 1340)
  • 1401John Charleton, 4th Baron Cherleton (b. 1362)[3]
  • 1432John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of England (b. 1392)
  • 1587Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
  • 1595Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, English nobleman (b. 1537)
  • 1608Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and author (b. 1551)
  • 1609Jacobus Arminius, Dutch Reformed theologian (b. 1560)
  • 1619Fujiwara Seika, Japanese philosopher and educator (b. 1561)
  • 1636Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1678Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter (b. 1627)
  • 1682Thomas Browne, English physician and author (b. 1605)
  • 1723Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (b. 1646)
  • 1745Jonathan Swift, Irish satirist and essayist (b. 1667)
  • 1772Andrea Belli, Maltese architect and businessman (b. 1703)
  • 1790Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (b. 1724)
  • 1796Michel de Beaupuy, French general (b. 1755)
  • 1813Józef Poniatowski, Polish general (b. 1763)
  • 1815Paolo Mascagni, Italian physician and anatomist (b. 1755)
  • 1842Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet and author (b. 1808)
  • 1851Marie Thérèse of France (b. 1778)
  • 1856William Sprague III, American businessman and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1889Luís I of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1897George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (b. 1831)
  • 1901Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord (b. 1829)
  • 1905Virgil Earp, American marshal (b. 1843)
  • 1916Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek general and target shooter (b. 1863)
  • 1918Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1924Louis Zborowski, English race car driver and engineer (b. 1895)
  • 1936Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic (b. 1881)
  • 1937Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1943Camille Claudel, French sculptor and illustrator (b. 1864)
  • 1944Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1884)
  • 1945Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and politician, 40th President of Mexico (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (b. 1882)
  • 1950Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1952Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (b. 1868)
  • 1956Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1894)
  • 1960George Wallace, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • 1961Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1883)
  • 1964Sergey Biryuzov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and critic (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham (b. 1888)
  • 1965Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1969Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (b. 1881)
  • 1970Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general and politician, 44th President of Mexico (b. 1895)
  • 1978Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1983Maurice Bishop, Aruban-Grenadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
  • 1984Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest and activist (b. 1947)
  • 1985Alfred Rouleau, Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, co-founded Newswatch Magazine (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
  • 1987Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist and educator (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1988Son House, American singer and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1992Magnus Pyke, English scientist and television host (b. 1908)
  • 1994Martha Raye, American actress and comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1995Don Cherry, American trumpet player (b. 1936)
  • 1995 – Harilaos Perpessas, Greek pianist and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1997Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Ken Wood, English businessman (b. 1916)
  • 1999James C. Murray, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-French lawyer and author (b. 1900)
  • 2002Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 2003Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosniak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Nello Pagani, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (b. 1911)
  • 2005Ryan Dallas Cook, American trombonist (b. 1982)
  • 2006James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2007Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Randall Forsberg, American activist and author (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Michael Maidens, English footballer (b. 1987)
  • 2007 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author, sculptor, and painter (b. 1925)
  • 2008Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 2009Howard Unruh, American murderer (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Joseph Wiseman, Canadian-American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2010Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2011Kakkanadan, Indian author (b. 1935)
  • 2012Lincoln Alexander, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Wissam al-Hassan, Lebanese general (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – Wiyogo Atmodarminto, Indonesian general and politician, 10th Governor of Jakarta (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Mike Graham, American wrestler (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist (b. 1920)
  • 2013John Bergamo, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and skier (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Mikihiko Renjō, Japanese author (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2014John Holt, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Stephen Paulus, American composer (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Raphael Ravenscroft, English saxophonist and composer (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Serena Shim, Lebanese-American journalist (b. 1984)
  • 2015Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Fleming Mackell, Canadian ice hockey player and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Ali Treki, Libyan politician and diplomat, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1938)
  • 2016Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – Giovanni Steffè, Italian rower (b. 1928)
  • 2017Umberto Lenzi, Italian film director (b. 1931)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aaron (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
    • Aquilinus of Évreux
    • Desiderius (Didier) of Auxerre
    • Frideswide
    • Henry Martyn (Anglican Communion)
    • Isaac Jogues, Jean de Brébeuf, and Companions
    • Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko
    • Paul of the Cross
    • Ptolemaeus and Lucius
    • Varus
    • Veranus of Cavaillon
    • William Carey (Episcopal Church)
    • October 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day, in honor of the country's independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974. (Niue)
  • Mother Teresa Day (Albania)

References

  1. Martin Wiggins, Catherine Richardson, British Drama 1533–1642: A Catalogue: Volume II: 1567–1589 (Oxford, 2012), pp. 242–244.
  2. The Eighth Wonder of the World: The True Story of André the Giant - Bertrand Hébert, Pat Laprade, Tony Stabile - Google Books
  3. Template:Cite DNB

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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