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2021

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Events

  • 320Pappus of Alexandria, Greek philosopher, observes an eclipse of the Sun and writes a commentary on The Great Astronomer (Almagest).
  • 614 – King Chlothar II promulgates the Edict of Paris (Edictum Chlotacharii), a sort of Frankish Magna Carta that defend the rights of the Frankish nobles while it excludes Jews from all civil employment in the Frankish Kingdom.
  • 629Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock.
  • 1016 – The Danes defeat the English in the Battle of Assandun.
  • 1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1356Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town of Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1540 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto's forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
  • 1561 – In Japan the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima was fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen; resulting in a draw.
  • 1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.
  • 1599Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • 1748 – Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1775African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1797Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
  • 1851Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1898 – The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1912First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration "To the Serbian People", as his country joins the war.
  • 1914 – The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1929 – The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law.
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet Union begins the liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: The state funeral of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel takes place in Ulm Germany.
  • 1945 – The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d'état against president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1945 – Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.
  • 1954Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1963Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1977German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
  • 1979 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.
  • 1991 – The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2003Bolivian gas conflict: Bolivian President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.
  • 2007Karachi bombing: A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto kills 139 and wounds 450 more. Bhutto herself is uninjured.
  • 2019NASA Astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch take part in the first all-women spacewalk when they venture out of the International Space Station to replace a power controller.[1]

Births

  • 1127Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1130Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher (d. 1200)
  • 1405Pope Pius II (d. 1464)[2]
  • 1444John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (d. 1476)
  • 1482Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1538)
  • 1517Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (d. 1570)
  • 1523Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1596)
  • 1536William Lambarde, English antiquarian and politician (d. 1601)
  • 1547Justus Lipsius, Belgian philologist and scholar (d. 1606)
  • 1553Luca Marenzio, Italian composer (d. 1599)
  • 1569Giambattista Marino, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1587Lady Mary Wroth, English poet (d. 1651)
  • 1596Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)
  • 1616Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist (d. 1654)
  • 1630Henry Powle, English politician (d. 1692)
  • 1634Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1705)
  • 1653Abraham van Riebeeck, South African-Dutch merchant and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662Matthew Henry, Welsh minister and scholar (d. 1714)
  • 1663Prince Eugene of Savoy (d. 1736)
  • 1668John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
  • 1701Charles le Beau, French historian and author (d. 1778)
  • 1706Baldassare Galuppi, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
  • 1741Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1777Heinrich von Kleist, German author and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1785Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (d. 1866)
  • 1792Lucas Alamán, Mexican politician and historian (d. 1853)
  • 1804Mongkut, Thai king (d. 1868)
  • 1822Midhat Pasha, Ottoman civil servant and politician, 238th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1831Frederick III, German Emperor (d. 1888)
  • 1836Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
  • 1850Basil Hall Chamberlain, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1854Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
  • 1859Henri Bergson, French philosopher and theologian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1862Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Ottoman general (d. 1952)
  • 1865Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist and author (d. 1957)
  • 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American-English author and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870D. T. Suzuki, Japanese author and scholar (d. 1966)
  • 1872Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian poet and author (d. 1936)
  • 1873Ivanoe Bonomi, Italian lawyer and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1875Len Braund, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1955)
  • 1878James Truslow Adams, American historian and author (d. 1949)
  • 1880Ze'ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-Russian general, journalist, and theorist (d. 1940)
  • 1881Max Gerson, German-born American physician (d. 1959)
  • 1882Lucien Petit-Breton, French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1887Takashi Sakai, Japanese general and politician, Governor of Hong Kong (d. 1946)
  • 1888Paul Vermoyal, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1893Sidney Holland, New Zealand lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – George Ohsawa, Japanese philosopher and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1894H. L. Davis, American author and poet (d. 1960)
  • 1894 – Tibor Déry, Hungarian author and translator (d. 1977)
  • 1897Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1898Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
  • 1902Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist and theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1903Lina Radke, German runner and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1904A. J. Liebling, American journalist and author (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Haim Shirman, Ukrainian-Israeli scholar and academic (d. 1981)
  • 1905Jan Gies, Dutch activist (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian union leader and politician, 1st President of Côte d'Ivoire (d. 1993)
  • 1906James Brooks, American painter and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1909Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1914Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997)
  • 1915Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918Molly Geertsema, Dutch lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 178th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2017)
  • 1918 – Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1919Ric Nordman, Canadian captain and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Anita O'Day, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, academic, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1920Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, singer, and politician, 9th Greek Minister of Culture (d. 1994)
  • 1921Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Jesse Helms, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – Beatrice Helen Worsley, Mexican-Canadian computer scientist and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1923Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1924Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2014)
  • 1925Ramiz Alia, Albanian politician, 1st President of Albania (d. 2011)
  • 1926Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German-American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1927Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999)
  • 1928Keith Jackson, American sportscaster and actor
  • 1928 – Maurice El Mediouni, Algerian pianist and composer
  • 1928 – Dick Taverne, English lawyer and politician
  • 1929Violeta Chamorro, Nicaraguan publisher and politician, President of Nicaragua
  • 1929 – Hillard Elkins, American producer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Kees Fens, Dutch author and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1930Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun, Scottish politician
  • 1930 – Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (d. 2009)
  • 1931Chris Albertson, Icelandic-American historian, journalist, and producer
  • 1931 – Roger Climpson, English-Australian journalist
  • 1931 – Ien Dales, Dutch civil servant and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1994)
  • 1932Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian musicologist and politician
  • 1933Forrest Gregg, American football player and coach
  • 1933 – Irwin M. Jacobs, American electrical engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur
  • 1933 – Ludovico Scarfiotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1968)
  • 1934Inger Stevens, Swedish-American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1935Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1936Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal
  • 1938Robert Dove, American lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Dawn Wells, American model and actress, Miss Nevada 1959
  • 1939Flavio Cotti, Swiss lawyer and politician, 82nd President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
  • 1939 – Jan Erik Vold, Norwegian poet, author, and translator
  • 1940Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
  • 1940 – Talitha Getty, actress and model of Dutch extraction (d. 1971)
  • 1941Timothy Bell, Baron Bell, English businessman
  • 1941 – Martha Burk, American psychologist and author
  • 1942Gianfranco Ravasi, Italian cardinal and scholar
  • 1943Christine Charbonneau, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish police officer and politician, Danish Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs
  • 1945Huell Howser, American television host and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Chris Shays, American politician
  • 1946James Robert Baker, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Frank Beamer, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1946 – Howard Shore, Canadian composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1947Paul Chuckle, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Job Cohen, Dutch scholar and politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Gary Sullivan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1948Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1949Joe Egan, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – George Hendrick, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Gary Richrath, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1950Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and author (d. 2006)
  • 1951Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress and producer
  • 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author and screenwriter
  • 1951 – David Normington, English civil servant and politician
  • 1951 – Nic Potter, English bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1952Roy Dias, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Paul Geroski, American-English economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Chuck Lorre, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Patrick Morrow, Canadian mountaineer and photographer
  • 1952 – Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese soldier and author
  • 1952 – Allen Ripley, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1954Nick Houghton, English general
  • 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955Jean-Pierre Hautier, Belgian journalist and television host (d. 2012)
  • 1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1955 – Timmy Mallett, English radio and television host
  • 1955 – Stu Mead, American painter and illustrator
  • 1955 – David Twohy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Rita Verdonk, Dutch journalist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1955 – Denis Watson, Zimbabwean golfer
  • 1955 – Mark Welland, English physicist and academic
  • 1956Craig Bartlett, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
  • 1956 – Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player and coach
  • 1956 – Jim Talent, American lawyer and politician
  • 1957Jon Lindstrom, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Catherine Ringer, French singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1958Thomas Hearns, American boxer
  • 1958 – Megumi Ishii, Japanese actress and politician
  • 1958 – Letitia James, American lawyer, activist and politician[3]
  • 1958 – Kjell Samuelsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959Kirby Chambliss, American pilot
  • 1959 – Mauricio Funes, Salvadoran politician, former President of El Salvador
  • 1959 – Milcho Manchevski, Macedonian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – John Nord, American wrestler
  • 1960Erin Moran, American actress (d. 2017)
  • 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator
  • 1961 – Rick Moody, American author and composer
  • 1961 – Gladstone Small, Barbadian-English cricketer
  • 1962Min Ko Naing, Burmese activist
  • 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1963Sigvart Dagsland, Norwegian singer, pianist and composer
  • 1964Dan Lilker, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1964 – Charles Stross, English journalist, author, and programmer
  • 1965Curtis Stigers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Zakir Naik, an Indian Islamic preacher; founder and president of the Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)
  • 1966Dave Price, American journalist and game show host
  • 1967Eric Stuart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and voice actor
  • 1968Rhod Gilbert, Welsh comedian
  • 1968 – Stuart Law, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Michael Stich, German tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1969Volker Neumüller, German talent manager
  • 1969 – Nelson Vivas, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1970Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Mike Starink, Dutch television host and actor
  • 1971Nick O'Hern, Australian golfer
  • 1972Mika Ninagawa, Japanese photographer and director
  • 1972 – Alex Tagliani, Canadian race car driver
  • 1973Stephen Allan, Australian golfer
  • 1973 – James Foley, American photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Rachel Nichols, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Sarah Winckless, English rower
  • 1974Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1974 – Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1974 – Amish Tripathi, Indian author
  • 1975Alex Cora, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Josh Sawyer, American video game designer
  • 1977Flavia Colgan, Brazilian-American journalist
  • 1977 – Kunal Kapoor, Indian actor
  • 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand-American soccer player and coach
  • 1977 – David Vuillemin, French motorcycle racer
  • 1978Mike Tindall, English rugby player
  • 1978 – Kenji Wu, Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1979Damon Scott, British entertainer
  • 1979 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech footballer
  • 1979 – Hikaru Kawamura, Japanese model
  • 1979 – Ne-Yo, American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
  • 1980Birsen Yavuz, Turkish sprinter and hurdler
  • 1981Nathan Hauritz, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Tina Hergold, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1981 – Greg Warren, American football player
  • 1982Thierry Amiel, French singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Michael Dingsdag, Dutch footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Sampson, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1982 – Simon Gotch, American wrestler
  • 1983Dante, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984Robert Harting, German discus thrower
  • 1984 – Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
  • 1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
  • 1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American skier
  • 1984 – Milo Yiannopoulos, British journalist and public speaker
  • 1985Yoenis Céspedes, Cuban baseball player
  • 1985 – Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986Wilma Elles, German actress and fashion designer
  • 1987Zac Efron, American actor and singer
  • 1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
  • 1988Tessa Schram, Dutch director and actress
  • 1989Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
  • 1989 – Riisa Naka, Japanese model and actress
  • 1990Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
  • 1990 – Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Drew Crawford, American basketball player[4]
  • 1991Roly Bonevacia, Dutch footballer
  • 1992John John Florence, American professional surfer
  • 1993Ivan Cavaleiro, Portuguese professional footballer
  • 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
  • 1994Pascal Wehrlein, German-Mauritian Formula One driver

Deaths

  • AD 31Lucius Aelius Sejanus, Roman politician (b. 20 BC)
  • 325Emperor Ming of Jin (b. 299)
  • AD 707Pope John VII (b. 650)
  • 1035Sancho III of Pamplona (b. 992)
  • 1081Nikephoros Palaiologos, Byzantine general
  • 1101Hugh I, Count of Vermandois (b. 1053)
  • 1141Leopold, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
  • 1214John de Gray, bishop of Norwich
  • 1366Petrus Torkilsson, Archbishop of Uppsala
  • 1382James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (b. 1331)
  • 1417Pope Gregory XII (b. 1326)
  • 1442Infante João of Portugal (b. 1400)
  • 1480Uhwudong, Korean dancer and poet (b. 1440)
  • 1503Pope Pius III (b. 1439)
  • 1508Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
  • 1511Philippe de Commines, French-speaking Fleming in the courts of Burgundy and France (b. 1447)
  • 1526Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1541Margaret Tudor, queen of James IV of Scotland (born 1489)
  • 1545John Taverner, English organist and composer (b. 1490)
  • 1558Mary of Hungary (b. 1505)
  • 1561Yamamoto Kansuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1501)
  • 1564Johannes Acronius Frisius, Dutch physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1570Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (b. 1517)
  • 1604Igram van Achelen, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1528)
  • 1646Isaac Jogues, French priest, missionary, and martyr (b. 1607)
  • 1667Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1603)
  • 1678Jacob Jordaens, Belgian painter illustrator (b. 1593)
  • 1739António José da Silva, Brazilian-Portuguese playwright (b. 1705)
  • 1744Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (b. 1660)
  • 1770John Manners, Marquess of Granby, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire (b. 1721)
  • 1775Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • 1817Etienne Nicolas Méhul, French pianist and composer (b. 1763)
  • 1865Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1871Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791)
  • 1876Francis Preston Blair, American journalist (b. 1791)
  • 1886Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician and botanist (b. 1796)
  • 1889Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (b. 1808)
  • 1892William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1893Charles Gounod, French composer and educator (b. 1818)
  • 1908Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal (b. 1840)
  • 1911Alfred Binet, French psychologist and author (b. 1857)
  • 1921Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1931Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847)
  • 1934Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish pathologist, histologist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1935Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1941Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Portugal (b. 1860)
  • 1942Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1947Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
  • 1948Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1956Yoshio Markino, Japanese painter and author (b. 1869)
  • 1959Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian-French runner (b. 1898)
  • 1961Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1962Iván Petrovich, Serbian-German actor and singer (b. 1894)
  • 1965Henry Travers, Irish-American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1966Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (b. 1867)
  • 1973Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Leo Strauss, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1975K. C. Douglas, American rural blues singer (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – Graham Haberfield, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 1976Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (b. 1895)
  • 1977Andreas Baader, German militant (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded the Red Army Faction (b. 1940)
  • 1978Ramón Mercader, Spanish journalist, assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
  • 1980Edwin Way Teale, American photographer and author (b. 1899)
  • 1982Dwain Esper, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Pierre Mendès France, French lawyer and politician, 143rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – John Robarts, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Ontario (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
  • 1983Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish economist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1984Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)
  • 1987Adriaan Ditvoorst, Dutch director and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 1988Frederick Ashton, Ecuadorian dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 2000Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2003Preston Smith, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Spanish journalist, author, and critic (b. 1939)
  • 2005Johnny Haynes, English-Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Bill King, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2006Mario Francesco Pompedda, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Anna Russell, English-Canadian singer and actress (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Laurie Taitt, Guyanese-English hurdler (b. 1934)
  • 2007Alan Coren, English journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lucky Dube, South African singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1964)
  • 2008Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
  • 2009Adriaan Kortlandt, Dutch ethologist and biologist (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2010Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
  • 2012Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model and actress (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2013Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014Mariano Lebrón Saviñón, Dominican author and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
  • 2015Robert Dickerson, Australian painter (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Gamal El-Ghitani, Egyptian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
  • 2015 – Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

  • Alaska Day (Alaska, United States)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Justus of Beauvais
    • Luke the Evangelist
    • Peter of Alcantara, can also be celebrated on October 19.
    • October 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day (Azerbaijan), celebrates the independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Necktie Day (Croatia)
  • Persons Day (Canada)
  • World Menopause Day

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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