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Events

  • 456Ricimer defeats Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the Western Roman Empire.[1]
  • 690 – Empress Wu Zetian ascends to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaims herself ruler of the Chinese Empire.
  • 912Abd ar-Rahman III becomes the 8th Emir of Córdoba.[2]
  • 955 – King Otto I defeats a Slavic revolt in what is now Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
  • 1311 – The Council of Vienne convenes for the first time.[3]
  • 1384Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
  • 1590 – Prince Gesualdo of Venosa murders his wife and her lover.
  • 1736 – Mathematician William Whiston's predicted comet fails to strike the Earth.[4]
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: The British-led Royalton raid is the last Native American raid on New England.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 finishes after its sixth day, killing between 20,000 and 24,000 residents of the Lesser Antilles.[5]
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Queen Marie Antoinette is executed.
  • 1793 – War of the First Coalition: French victory at the Battle of Wattignies forces Austria to raise the siege of Maubeuge.
  • 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Napoleon surrounds the Austrian army at Ulm.[6]
  • 1813 – The Sixth Coalition attacks Napoleon in the three-day Battle of Leipzig.
  • 1817 – Simón Bolívar sentences Manuel Piar to death for challenging the racial-caste in Venezuela.[7]
  • 1834 – Much of the ancient structure of the Palace of Westminster in London burns to the ground.
  • 1836 – Great Trek: Afrikaner voortrekkers repulse a Matabele attack, but lose their livestock.
  • 1841Queen's University is founded in the Province of Canada.
  • 1843William Rowan Hamilton invents quaternions, a three-dimensional system of complex numbers.
  • 1846William T. G. Morton administers ether anesthesia during a surgical operation.
  • 1847 – The novel Jane Eyre is published in London.
  • 1859 – John Brown leads a raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
  • 1869 – The Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous American hoaxes, is "discovered".
  • 1869 – Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women.
  • 1875Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
  • 1882 – The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • 1905 – The Partition of Bengal in India takes place.
  • 1906 – The Wilhelm Voigt fools the city hall of Köpenick and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian officer.
  • 1909William Howard Taft and Porfirio Díaz hold the first summit between a U.S. and a Mexican president. They narrowly escape assassination.[8]
  • 1916Margaret Sanger opens the first family planning clinic in the United States.
  • 1919 – Adolf Hitler delivers his first public address at a meeting of the German Workers' Party.[9]
  • 1923The Walt Disney Company is founded.
  • 1934 – Chinese Communists begin the Long March to escape Nationalist encirclement.
  • 1939World War II: No. 603 Squadron RAF intercepts the first Luftwaffe raid on Britain.
  • 1940 – Holocaust in Poland: The Warsaw Ghetto is established.
  • 1943 – Holocaust in Italy: Raid of the Ghetto of Rome.
  • 1946Nuremberg trials: Ten defendants found guilty by the International Military Tribunal are executed by hanging.
  • 1947 – The Philippines takes over the administration of the Turtle Islands and the Mangsee Islands from the United Kingdom.
  • 1949 – The Greek Communist Party announces a "temporary cease-fire", thus ending the Greek Civil War.
  • 1950The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis is published.
  • 1951 – The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1962Cuban Missile Crisis begins: Kennedy is informed of photos taken on October 14 by a U-2 showing nuclear missiles (the crisis will last for 13 days starting from this point).
  • 1964 – China detonates its first nuclear weapon.
  • 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes leader of the Soviet Communist Party, while Alexei Kosygin becomes the head of government.
  • 1968 – Tommie Smith and John Carlos are ejected from the US Olympic team for participating in the Olympics Black Power salute.
  • 1968 – Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney riots, inspired by the barring of Walter Rodney from the country.
  • 1968 – Yasunari Kawabata becomes the first Japanese person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1970 – Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act during the October Crisis.
  • 1973Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1975 – Indonesian troops kill the Balibo Five, a group of Australian journalists, Portuguese Timor.
  • 1975 – Three-year-old Rahima Banu, from Bangladesh, is the last known case of naturally occurring smallpox.
  • 1975 – The Australian Coalition sparks a constitutional crisis when they vote to defer funding for the government's annual budget.
  • 1978Pope John Paul II becomes the first non-Italian pontiff since 1523.
  • 1984Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1991 – George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20.
  • 1995 – The Million Man March takes place in Washington, D.C. About 837,000 attended.[10]
  • 1995 – The Skye Bridge in Scotland is opened.
  • 1996 – Eighty-four football fans die and 180 are injured in a massive crush at a match in Guatemala City.
  • 1998 – Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a murder extradition warrant.
  • 2002 – The Bibliotheca Alexandrina opens in Egypt, commemorating the ancient library of Alexandria.
  • 2013Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes on approach to Pakse International Airport in Laos, killing 49 people.
  • 2017Storm Ophelia strikes the U.K. and Ireland causing major damage and power loss.

Births

  • 1351Gian Galeazzo Visconti, first Duke of Milan (d. 1402)
  • 1396William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English admiral (d. 1450)
  • 1430James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1483Gasparo Contarini, Italian cardinal and diplomat (d. 1542)
  • 1535Niwa Nagahide, Japanese samurai (d. 1585)
  • 1588Luke Wadding, Irish Franciscan friar and historian (d. 1657)
  • 1605Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy, French writer and composer (d. 1677)
  • 1620Pierre Paul Puget, French painter and sculptor (d. 1694)
  • 1678Anna Waser, Swiss painter (d. 1714)
  • 1679Jan Dismas Zelenka, Czech viol player and composer (d. 1745)
  • 1710András Hadik, Austrian-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • 1714Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist and academic (d. 1795)
  • 1726Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish-German painter and educator (d. 1801)
  • 1729Pierre van Maldere, Belgian violinist and composer (d. 1768)
  • 1752Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian and academic (d. 1827)
  • 1754Morgan Lewis, American general, lawyer, and politician, 3rd Governor of New York (d. 1844)
  • 1758Noah Webster, American lexicographer (d. 1843)
  • 1762Paul Hamilton, American soldier and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1816)
  • 1789William Burton, American physician and politician, 39th Governor of Delaware (d. 1866)
  • 1795William Buell Sprague, American minister, historian, and author (d. 1876)
  • 1802Isaac Murphy, American educator and politician, 8th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1882)
  • 1803Robert Stephenson, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1859)
  • 1804Benjamin Russell, American painter and educator (d. 1885)
  • 1806William P. Fessenden, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1869)
  • 1815Francis Lubbock, American colonel and politician, 9th Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1818William Forster, Indian-Australian politician, 4th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1882)
  • 1819Austin F. Pike, American lawyer and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1831Lucy Stanton, American activist (d. 1910)
  • 1832Vicente Riva Palacio, Mexican liberal intellectual, novelist (d. 1896)
  • 1840Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
  • 1841Itō Hirobumi, Japanese lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1909)
  • 1844Ismail Qemali, Albanian civil servant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1919)
  • 1847Maria Pia of Savoy (d. 1911)
  • 1852Carl von In der Maur, Governor of Liechtenstein (d. 1913)
  • 1854Karl Kautsky, Czech-German journalist, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1938)
  • 1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright, novelist, and poet (d. 1900)
  • 1855Samad bey Mehmandarov, Azerbaijani general and politician, 3rd Azerbaijani Minister of Defense (d. 1931)
  • 1861J. B. Bury, Irish historian and scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1861 – Richard Sears, American tennis player (d. 1943)
  • 1863Austen Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1867Mario Ruspoli, 2nd Prince of Poggio Suasa (d. 1963)
  • 1869Claude H. Van Tyne, American historian and author (d. 1930)
  • 1872Walter Buckmaster, English polo player and businessman, co-founded Buckmaster & Moore (d. 1942)
  • 1876Jimmy Sinclair, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1913)
  • 1881William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1955)
  • 1884Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1886David Ben-Gurion, Polish-Israeli soldier and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
  • 1888Eugene O'Neill, American playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Paul Popenoe, American founder of relationship counseling (d. 1979)
  • 1890Michael Collins, Irish general and politician, 2nd Irish Minister for Finance (d. 1922)
  • 1890 – Maria Goretti, Italian martyr and saint (d. 1902)
  • 1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer and director (d. 1975)
  • 1897Louis de Cazenave, French soldier (d. 2008)
  • 1898William O. Douglas, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1980)
  • 1900Edward Ardizzone, Vietnamese-English author and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Primo Conti, Italian painter and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1900 – Goose Goslin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1971)
  • 1903Cecile de Brunhoff, French author and pianist (d. 2003)
  • 1903 – Big Joe Williams, American Delta blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1982)
  • 1904Björn Berglund, Swedish actor (d. 1968)
  • 1905Ernst Kuzorra, German footballer and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1906León Klimovsky, Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1907Richard Titmuss, English sociologist and academic (d. 1973)
  • 1908Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (d. 2006)[11]
  • 1908 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian general and politician, Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1985)
  • 1911Otto von Bülow, German commander (d. 2006)
  • 1912Clifford Hansen, American rancher and politician, 26th Governor of Wyoming (d. 2009)
  • 1918Louis Althusser, Algerian-French philosopher and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Tony Rolt, English race car driver and engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1919Kathleen Winsor, American journalist and author (d. 2003)[12]
  • 1921Matt Batts, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Sita Ram Goel, Indian historian, publisher and writer (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – MacKenzie Miller, American horse trainer and breeder (d. 2010)
  • 1922Max Bygraves, English-Australian actor and singer (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Leon Sullivan, American minister and activist (d. 2001)
  • 1923Linda Darnell, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1923 – Bert Kaempfert, German conductor and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1923 – Bill McLaren, Scottish rugby player and sportscaster (d. 2010)
  • 1924Gerard Parkes, Irish-Canadian actor (d. 2014)
  • 1925Angela Lansbury, English-American actress, singer, and producer [13]
  • 1926Charles Dolan, American businessman, founded Cablevision and HBO
  • 1927Günter Grass, German novelist, poet, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1928Mary Daly, American philosopher and theologian (d. 2010)[14]
  • 1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1929Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress
  • 1930John Polkinghorne, English physicist, theologian and priest
  • 1930 – Carmen Sevilla, Spanish actress
  • 1931Charles Colson, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Valery Klimov, Ukrainian-Russian violinist and educator
  • 1931 – Rosa Rosal, Filipino actress
  • 1931 – P. W. Underwood, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1932John Grant, English journalist and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – Henry Lewis, American bassist and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1932 – Lucien Paiement, Canadian physician and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1933Nobuyo Ōyama, Japanese voice actress
  • 1934Peter Ashdown, English race car driver
  • 1936Peter Bowles, English actor and screenwriter
  • 1936 – Andrei Chikatilo, Ukrainian-Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1936 – Mladen Koščak, Croatian footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Akira Machida, Japanese lawyer and judge, 15th Chief Justice of Japan (d. 2015)
  • 1938Carl Gunter, Jr., American politician (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Nico, German singer-songwriter, model, and actress (d. 1988)
  • 1940Barry Corbin, American actor and producer
  • 1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Ivan Della Mea, Italian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and journalist (d. 2009)
  • 1941Tim McCarver, American baseball player, sportscaster, and singer
  • 1941 – Emma Nicholson, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, English computer programmer and politician
  • 1943Fred Turner, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1944Kaizer Motaung, South African footballer and manager
  • 1945Stefan Buczacki, English horticulturalist, botanist, and television host
  • 1945 – Roger Hawkins, American session drummer
  • 1945 – Paul Monette, American author and poet (d. 1995)
  • 1946Geoff Barnett, English footballer
  • 1946 – Suzanne Somers, American actress and producer
  • 1947Nicholas Day, English actor
  • 1947 – Terry Griffiths, Welsh snooker player and coach
  • 1947 – Bob Weir, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – David Zucker, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948Alison Chitty, English production designer and costume designer
  • 1948 – Bruce Fleisher, American golfer
  • 1948 – Hema Malini, Indian actress, director, producer, and politician
  • 1948 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball player and coach
  • 1950Károly Horváth, Romanian-Hungarian cellist, flute player, and composer (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Angry Grandpa, American internet personality (d. 2017)
  • 1952Christopher Cox, American lawyer and politician
  • 1952 – Cordell Mosson, American bass player (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Crazy Mohan, Indian actor, screenwriter, and playwright (d. 2019)
  • 1952 – Glenys Thornton, Baroness Thornton, English politician
  • 1953Tony Carey, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1954Lorenzo Carcaterra, American author and blogger
  • 1954 – Michael Forsyth, Baron Forsyth of Drumlean, Scottish politician, Secretary of State for Scotland
  • 1954 – Serafino Ghizzoni, Italian rugby player
  • 1954 – Corinna Harfouch, German actress
  • 1955Ellen Dolan, American actress
  • 1956Marin Alsop, American violinist and conductor
  • 1956 – John Chavis, American football player and coach
  • 1956 – Meg Rosoff, American-English author
  • 1956 – Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bangladeshi poet, author, and playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1957Priidu Beier, Estonian poet and educator
  • 1958Roy McDonough, English footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1959Kevin Brennan, Welsh journalist and politician
  • 1959 – Brian Harper, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Gary Kemp, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1959 – Philip Maini, Northern Irish mathematician at the University of Oxford
  • 1959 – Tessa Munt, English lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Jamie Salmon, English-New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian flute player and composer
  • 1959 – John Whittingdale, English politician
  • 1960Guy LeBlanc, Canadian keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Bob Mould, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961Marc Levy, French author
  • 1961 – Randy Vasquez, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1961 – Scott O'Hara, American pornographic performer, author, poet, editor and publisher (d. 1998)
  • 1962Flea, Australian-American bass player, songwriter, and actor
  • 1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-American basketball player and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovsky, Russian opera singer (d. 2017)
  • 1962 – Nico Lazaridis, German footballer
  • 1962 – Tamara McKinney, American skier
  • 1963Gilberto Duavit Jr., Filipino businessman
  • 1963 – Brendan Kibble, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – Timothy Leighton, English physicist and academic
  • 1964Shawn Little, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1964 – James Thompson, American-Finnish author (d. 2014)
  • 1965Kang Kyung-ok, South Korean illustrator
  • 1965 – Tom Tolbert, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1966Olof Lundh, Swedish journalist
  • 1966 – Mary Elizabeth McGlynn, American voice actress, singer, and director
  • 1967Michael Laffy, Australian footballer
  • 1967 – Davina McCall, English television host and actress
  • 1968Randall Batinkoff, American actor and producer
  • 1968 – Mark Lee, Singaporean actor and singer
  • 1968 – Francesco Libetta, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor
  • 1968 – Todd Stashwick, American actor and writer
  • 1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French actress
  • 1969Roy Hargrove, American trumpet player and composer (d. 2018)
  • 1969 – Takao Omori, Japanese wrestler
  • 1969 – Terri J. Vaughn, American actress and producer
  • 1969 – Wendy Wilson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1970Kazuyuki Fujita, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer and manager
  • 1971Chad Gray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Paul Sparks, American actor
  • 1971 – Frank Cuesta, Spanish television presenter
  • 1972Adrianne Frost, American comedian, actress, and author
  • 1972 – Darius Kasparaitis, Lithuanian-Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972 – Kordell Stewart, American football player and radio host
  • 1973Justin Credible, American wrestler
  • 1973 – David Unsworth, English footballer and manager
  • 1974Aurela Gaçe, Albanian singer
  • 1974 – Paul Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975Ernesto Noel Aquino, Honduran footballer
  • 1975 – Brynjar Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1975 – Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer
  • 1975 – Kellie Martin, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1977John Mayer, American singer-songwriter, rapper, guitarist, and producer
  • 1980Sue Bird, Israeli-American basketball player
  • 1980 – Timana Tahu, Australian rugby league player
  • 1981Brea Grant, American actress and writer[15]
  • 1981 – Martin Halle, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Boyd Melson, American boxer
  • 1981 – Anthony Reyes, American baseball player
  • 1982Frédéric Michalak, French rugby player
  • 1982 – Cristian Riveros, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1982 – Prithviraj Sukumaran, Indian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1983Philipp Kohlschreiber, German tennis player
  • 1983 – Kenny Omega, Canadian wrestler
  • 1984François Pervis, French track cyclist
  • 1984 – Rachel Reilly, American talk show host and actress
  • 1985Jay Beagle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Verena Sailer, German sprinter
  • 1985 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1985 – Peter Wallace, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986Nicky Adams, English-Welsh footballer
  • 1986 – Derk Boerrigter, Dutch footballer
  • 1988Zoltán Stieber, Hungarian footballer
  • 1989Dan Biggar, Welsh rugby player
  • 1992Bryce Harper, American baseball player
  • 1992 – Kostas Fortounis, Greek footballer
  • 1992 – Stuart Lightbody, Irish badminton player[16]
  • 1993Caroline Garcia, French tennis player
  • 1994Adam Elliott, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997Charles Leclerc, Monégasque Formula One driver
  • 1997 – Naomi Osaka, Haitian-Japanese tennis player

Deaths

  • 385Fú Jiān, Chinese emperor (b. 337)
  • 786Lullus, archbishop of Mainz (b. 710)
  • 976Al-Hakam II, Umayyad caliph (b. 915)
  • 1027Fujiwara no Kenshi, Japanese empress (b. 994)
  • 1130Pedro González de Lara, Castilian magnate
  • 1284Shams al-Din Juvayni, Persian statesman, vizier and minister of finance of the Ilkhanate
  • 1323Amadeus V, count of Savoy (b. 1249)
  • 1333Nicholas V, antipope of Rome (b. 1260)
  • 1438Anne of Gloucester, English noblewoman (b. 1383)
  • 1355Louis the Child, king of Sicily (b. 1338)
  • 1523Luca Signorelli, Italian painter (b. c.1450)
  • 1553Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter and engraver (b. 1472)
  • 1555Hugh Latimer, English bishop and saint (b. 1487)
  • 1555 – Nicholas Ridley, English bishop and martyr (b. 1500)
  • 1591Gregory XIV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1535)[17]
  • 1594William Allen, English cardinal (b. 1532)
  • 1621Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1562)
  • 1628François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1637Johann Rudolf Stadler, Swiss clock-maker (b. 1605)[18]
  • 1649Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1621)
  • 1655Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and theorist (b. 1591)
  • 1660John Cook, English politician, Solicitor General for England and Wales (b. 1608)
  • 1679Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, Irish-English soldier and politician (b. 1621)
  • 1680Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1609)
  • 1730Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French-American explorer and politician, 3rd French Governor of Louisiana (b. 1658)
  • 1730 – Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha, Greek politician, 139th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1666)
  • 1750Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German lute player and composer (b. 1687)
  • 1755Gerard Majella, Italian saint (b. 1725)
  • 1774Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (b. 1750)
  • 1791Grigory Potemkin, Russian general and politician (b. 1739)
  • 1793Marie Antoinette, Austrian-born queen consort of Louis XVI of France (b. 1755)[19]
  • 1793 – John Hunter, Scottish-English surgeon and philosopher (b. 1728)
  • 1796Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia (b. 1726)
  • 1799Veerapandiya Kattabomman Indian activist (b. 1760)
  • 1810Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian religious leader, founded the Breslov Hasidic group (b. 1772)
  • 1822Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian-English dancer (b. 1724)
  • 1877Théodore Barrière, French playwright (b. 1823)
  • 1888John Wentworth, American journalist and politician, 19th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • 1904Haritina Korotkevich, Russian heroine (b. 1882)[20]
  • 1908Joseph Leycester Lyne, English monk (b. 1837)
  • 1909Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, German poet and playwright (b. 1856)
  • 1913Ralph Rose, American shot putter, discus, and hammer thrower (b. 1885)
  • 1936Effie Adelaide Rowlands, British writer (b. 1859)
  • 1937Jean de Brunhoff, French poet and playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1946Nuremberg trial executions of the Main Trial:
    • Hans Frank, German lawyer, politician and war criminal (b. 1900)
    • Wilhelm Frick, German lawyer and politician, German Minister of the Interior (b. 1877)
    • Alfred Jodl, German general (b. 1890)
    • Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian SS officer (b. 1903)
    • Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (b. 1882)
    • Alfred Rosenberg, Estonian architect and politician (b. 1893)
    • Fritz Sauckel, German sailor and politician (b. 1894)
    • Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian lawyer and politician, 16th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1892)
    • Julius Streicher, German journalist and politician (b. 1887)
    • Joachim von Ribbentrop, German lieutenant and politician, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany (b. 1893)
  • 1947Anna B. Eckstein, German peace activist (b. 1868)[21]
  • 1951Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (b 1895)
  • 1956Jules Rimet, French businessman (b. 1873)
  • 1957John Anthony Sydney Ritson, English rugby player, mines inspector, engineer and educator (b. 1887)
  • 1958Robert Redfield, American anthropologist of Mexico (b. 1897)
  • 1959Minor Hall, American drummer (b. 1897)
  • 1959 – George Marshall, American general and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Defense, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1962Gaston Bachelard, French poet and philosopher (b. 1884)
  • 1964Patsy Callighen, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1906)
  • 1966George O'Hara, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1968Ellis Kinder, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1971Robin Boyd, Australian architect and educator, designed the Domain Park Flats (b. 1919)
  • 1972Nick Begich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 1972 – Hale Boggs, American lawyer and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Leo G. Carroll, English-American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973Gene Krupa, American drummer, composer, and actor (b. 1909)
  • 1975Vittorio Gui, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1885)
  • 1978Dan Dailey, American actor, singer, dancer, and director (b. 1913)
  • 1979Johan Borgen, Norwegian author and critic (b. 1903)
  • 1981Moshe Dayan, Israeli general and politician, 5th Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel (b. 1915)
  • 1981 – Eugene Eisenmann, Panamanian-American lawyer and ornithologist (b. 1906)
  • 1982Mario Del Monaco, Italian tenor (b. 1915)
  • 1983Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1986Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist and pianist (b. 1921)
  • 1989Walter Farley, American author and educator (b. 1915)
  • 1989 – Scott O'Dell, American journalist and author (b. 1898)
  • 1989 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1990Art Blakey, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Jorge Bolet, Cuban-American pianist and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1992Shirley Booth, American actress and singer (b. 1898)
  • 1996Jason Bernard, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Eric Malpass, English author (b. 1910)
  • 1997Audra Lindley, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – James A. Michener, American author and philanthropist (b. 1907)
  • 1998Jon Postel, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1943)
  • 1999Jean Shepherd, American radio host, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2000Mel Carnahan, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 51st Governor of Missouri (b. 1934)
  • 2000 – Rick Jason, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2001Etta Jones, American singer-songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2003Avni Arbaş, Turkish painter (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Stu Hart, Canadian wrestler and trainer (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – László Papp, Hungarian boxer (b. 1926)
  • 2004Pierre Salinger, American journalist and politician, 11th White House Press Secretary (b. 1925)
  • 2006John Victor Murra, Ukrainian-American anthropologist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian lawyer and politician, 91st President of Peru (b. 1936)
  • 2007Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Toše Proeski, Macedonian singer-songwriter (b. 1981)
  • 2008Dagmar Normet, Estonian author and translator (b. 1921)
  • 2010Eyedea, American rapper and producer (b. 1981)
  • 2010 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2011Dan Wheldon, English race car driver (b. 1978)
  • 2012Frank Moore Cross, American scholar and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – John A. Durkin, American lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Mario Gallegos, Jr., American firefighter and politician (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Bódog Török, Hungarian handball player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Eddie Yost, American baseball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013Govind Purushottam Deshpande, Indian playwright and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – George Hourmouziadis, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Ed Lauter, American actor (b. 1938)[22]
  • 2013 – Laurel Martyn, Australian ballerina and choreographer (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Robert B. Rheault, American colonel (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Saggy Tahir, Pakistani-American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2014Ioannis Charalambopoulos, Greek colonel and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Allen Forte, American musicologist and theorist (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Seppo Kuusela, Finnish basketball player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, English businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2015Richard J. Cardamone, American lawyer and judge (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – James W. Fowler, American psychologist and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – William James, Australian general and physician (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Vera Williams, American author and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Memduh Ün, Turkish film producer, director, actor and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2016Calvin Carl "Kelly" Gotlieb, Canadian professor and computer scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2017Daphne Caruana Galizia, Maltese journalist and blogger (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Roy Dotrice, British actor (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – John Dunsworth, Canadian actor (b. 1946)
  • 2017 – Sean Hughes, British-born Irish stand-up comedian (b. 1965)

Science Fiction - Space

  • 1997 – Lost in Space, the United States is gearing up to colonize space. The Jupiter 2, a futuristic saucer-shaped spacecraft, stands on its launch pad undergoing final preparations. Its mission is to take a single family on a Ninety Eight year journey to an Earthlike planet orbiting the star Alpha Centauri.

Holidays and observances

  • Air Force Day (Bulgaria)
  • Boss's Day (United States and Canada)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Balderic (Baudry) of Monfaucon
    • Bercharius
    • Bertrand of Comminges
    • Colmán of Kilroot (Colman mac Cathbaid)
    • Eliphius
    • Fortunatus of Casei
    • Gall
    • Gerard Majella
    • Hedwig of Silesia
    • Hugh Latimer (Anglicanism)
    • Junian (of Saint-Junien)
    • Marguerite Marie Alacoque
    • Marie-Marguerite d'Youville
    • Nicholas Ridley (Anglicanism)
    • Silvanus of Ahun
    • Blessed Thevarparampil Kunjachan (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church / Catholic Church)
    • Pope Victor III
    • October 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Pope John Paul II Day (Poland)
  • Death anniversary of Liaquat Ali Khan (Pakistan)
  • Teachers' Day (Chile)
  • World Anaesthesia Day (International)
  • World Food Day (International)

References

  1. John of Antioch, fragment 202; translated by C.D. Gordon, Age of Attila, p. 116
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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