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Events

  • 1066 – Following the death of Harold II at the Battle of Hastings, Edgar the Ætheling is proclaimed King of England by the Witan; he is never crowned, and concedes power to William the Conqueor two months later.[1]
  • 1211Battle of the Rhyndacus: The Latin emperor Henry of Flanders defeats the Nicaean emperor Theodore I Laskaris.
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna ends when Austria routs the invading Ottoman forces, ending its European expansion.
  • 1582Adoption of the Gregorian calendar begins, eventually leading to near-universal adoption.
  • 1783 – The Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon makes the first human ascent, piloted by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier.
  • 1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette of France is tried and convicted, and condemned to death the following day.
  • 1809 – The Viceroy the Río de la Plata, Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, opens the port of Buenos Aires to trade with nations other than Spain.
  • 1815Napoleon begins his exile on Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks, killing its inventor.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Union garrison of Glasgow, Missouri surrenders to Confederate forces.
  • 1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • 1879 – The Segura river in southeastern Spain floods, killing 1077 people.
  • 1888 – The "From Hell" letter allegedly sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators.
  • 1910Airship America is launched from New Jersey in the first attempt to cross the Atlantic by a powered aircraft.
  • 1917 – World War I: Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by France for espionage.
  • 1923 – The German Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic.
  • 1928 – The airship, Graf Zeppelin completes its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, United States.
  • 1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed LaGuardia Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1940 – President Lluís Companys of Catalonia is executed by the Francoist government.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany replaces the Hungarian government after it announces an armistice with the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – The former premier of Vichy France, Pierre Laval, is executed for treason.
  • 1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes completes the synthesis of norethisterone, the basis of an early oral contraceptive.
  • 1954Hurricane Hazel devastates the eastern seaboard of North America, killing 95 and causing massive floods as far north as Toronto.
  • 1956FORTRAN, the first modern computer language, is first shared with the coding community.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: A draft card is burned during an anti-war rally by the Catholic Worker Movement, resulting in the first arrest under a new law.
  • 1966 – The Black Panther Party is created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
  • 1979 – Supporters of the Malta Labour Party ransack and destroy the Times of Malta building and other locations associated with the Nationalist Party.
  • 1979 – A coup d'état in El Salvador overthrows President Carlos Humberto Romero and begins the 12 year-long Salvadoran Civil War.[2]
  • 1989Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
  • 1989 – Eight of those convicted in the Rivonia Trial are released from prison.
  • 1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
  • 1991 – The "Oh-My-God particle", an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray measured at 40,000,000 times that of the highest energy protons produced in a particle accelerator is observed at the University of Utah HiRes observatory in Dugway Proving Ground, Utah.
  • 1994 – The Clinton administration returns Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, to the island.
  • 1995Marco Campos dies in a race at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, the only driver ever killed in the International Formula 3000 series.
  • 1995 – Saddam Hussein is reelected president of Iraq through a referendum.
  • 1997 – The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
  • 2001 – NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
  • 2003 – China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2005 – A planned neo-Nazi protest against African-American street gangs sets off a riot in Toledo, Ohio. Twenty-nine people are arrested.
  • 2006 – The 6.7 Template:M Kiholo Bay earthquake rocks Hawaii, causing property damage, injuries, landslides, power outages, and the closure of Honolulu International Airport.
  • 2007 – Seventeen activists in New Zealand are arrested in the country's first post-9/11 anti-terrorism raids.
  • 2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes down 733.08 points, or 7.87%, the second worst percentage drop in the Dow's history.
  • 2011 – The 2011 Global Protests occur.
  • 2013 – The 7.2 Template:M Bohol earthquake strikes the Philippines. At least 215 die.
  • 2016 – One hundred ninety-seven nations amend the Montreal Protocol to include a phase-out of hydrofluorocarbons.

Births

  • 99 BC (probable)[3]Lucretius, Roman poet and philosopher (d. 55 BCE)
  • 70 BCVirgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC)[4]
  • 1265Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan (d. 1307)
  • 1440Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse, German noble (d. 1483)
  • 1471Konrad Mutian, German epigrammatist and academic (d. 1526)
  • 1542Akbar, Mughal emperor (d. 1605)
  • 1561Richard Field, English cathedral dean (d. 1616)
  • 1564Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1613)
  • 1599Cornelis de Graeff, Dutch mayor and regent of Amsterdam (d. 1664)
  • 1608Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (d. 1647)
  • 1622Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie, Swedish statesman and military man (d. 1686)
  • 1686Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet and playwright (d. 1758)
  • 1701Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian nun and saint, founded Grey Nuns (d. 1771)
  • 1711Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1762Samuel Adams Holyoke, American composer and educator (d. 1820)
  • 1767Gabriel Richard, French-born American Roman Catholic priest, missionary, educator, and politician (d. 1832)
  • 1784Thomas Robert Bugeaud, French general and politician, Governor-General of Algeria (d. 1849)
  • 1785José Miguel Carrera, Chilean general and politician (d. 1821)
  • 1789William Christopher Zeise, Danish chemist who prepared Zeise's salt, one of the first organometallic compounds (d. 1847)
  • 1795Frederick William IV of Prussia, Prussian king from 1840-1861 (d. 1861)
  • 1814Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author, poet, and painter (d. 1841)
  • 1816John Robertson, English-Australian politician, 5th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1891)
  • 1818Alexander Dreyschock, Czech pianist and composer (d. 1869)
  • 1825Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829Asaph Hall, American astronomer and academic (d. 1907)
  • 1833John Alexander MacPherson, Australian politician, 7th Premier of Victoria (d. 1894)
  • 1836James Tissot, French painter and illustrator (d. 1902)
  • 1840Honoré Mercier, Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 9th Premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
  • 1844Friedrich Nietzsche, German composer, poet, and philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1858John L. Sullivan, American boxer, actor, and journalist (d. 1918)
  • 1865Charles W. Clark, American singer and educator (d. 1925)
  • 1872Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian educator and politician, 3rd President of Austria (d. 1956)
  • 1872 – August Nilsson, Swedish pole vaulter, shot putter, and tug of war competitor (d. 1921)
  • 1874Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1899)
  • 1878Paul Reynaud, French lawyer and politician, 118th Prime Minister of France (d. 1966)
  • 1879Jane Darwell, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1881P. G. Wodehouse, English novelist and playwright (d. 1975)
  • 1882Charley O'Leary, American baseball player and coach (d. 1941)
  • 1884Archibald Hoxsey, American pilot (d. 1910)
  • 1887Frederick Fleet, English sailor (d. 1965)
  • 1888S. S. Van Dine, American author and critic (d. 1939)
  • 1890Álvaro de Campos, Portuguese poet and engineer (d. 1935)
  • 1893Carol II of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894Moshe Sharett, Ukrainian-Israeli lieutenant and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1897Johannes Sikkar, Estonian soldier and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 1960)
  • 1899Adolf Brudes, Polish-German race car driver (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – José Ramón Guizado, Panamanian politician, 17th President of Panama (d. 1964)
  • 1900Mervyn LeRoy, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1901Enrique Jardiel Poncela, Spanish playwright and novelist (d. 1952)
  • 1905C. P. Snow, English chemist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1906Hiram Fong, American soldier and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1906 – Alicia Patterson, American journalist and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1963)
  • 1906 – Victoria Spivey, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1976)
  • 1907Varian Fry, American journalist and author (d. 1967)
  • 1908Herman Chittison, American pianist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-American economist and diplomat, 7th United States Ambassador to India (d. 2006)
  • 1909Jesse L. Greenstein, American astronomer and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1909 – Robert Trout, American journalist (d. 2000)
  • 1910Edwin O. Reischauer, Japanese-American scholar and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1990)
  • 1912Nellie Lutcher, American singer and pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1913Wolfgang Lüth, German commander (d. 1945)
  • 1914Mohammed Zahir Shah, Afghan king (d. 2007)
  • 1916Al Killian, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – George Turner, Australian author and critic (d. 1997)
  • 1917Jan Miner, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., American historian and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Paul Tanner, American trombonist and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1919Malcolm Ross, American captain, balloonist, and physicist (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Chuck Stevenson, American race car driver (d. 1995)
  • 1920Chris Economaki, American sportscaster and actor (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Patricia Jessel, Hong Kong-English actress (d. 1968)
  • 1920 – Mario Puzo, American author and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Henri Verneuil, Turkish-French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1921Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian-Israeli table tennis player (d. 2006)
  • 1922Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese author (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Preben Munthe, Norwegian economist and politician, State Conciliator of Norway (d. 2013)
  • 1923Italo Calvino, Italian novelist, short story writer, and journalist (d. 1985)
  • 1923 – Antonio Fontán, Spanish journalist and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Eugene Patterson, American journalist and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Lindsay Thompson, Australian politician, 40th Premier of Victoria (d. 2008)
  • 1924Marguerite Andersen, German-Canadian author and educator
  • 1924 – Lee Iacocca, American businessman and author (d. 2019)
  • 1924 – Warren Miller, American director and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1925Mickey Baker, American-French guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Aurora Bautista, Spanish actress (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Tony Hart, English painter and television host (d. 2009)
  • 1926James E. Akins, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Agustín García Calvo, Spanish philosopher and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Michel Foucault, French historian and philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Ed McBain, American author and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Karl Richter, German organist and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1927B. S. Abdur Rahman, Indian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2015)
  • 1929Will Insley, American painter and architect (d. 2011)
  • 1930FM-2030, Belgian-Iranian basketball player, philosopher and diplomat (d. 2000)
  • 1931A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Indian engineer, academic, and politician, 11th President of India (d. 2015)[5]
  • 1931 – Pauline Perry, Baroness Perry of Southwark, English academic and politician
  • 1932Jaan Rääts, Estonian guitarist and composer
  • 1933Nicky Barnes, American drug lord (d. 2012)
  • 1934Alan Elsdon, English trumpet player (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – N. Ramani, Indian flute player (d. 2015)
  • 1935Barry McGuire, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1935 – Dick McTaggart, Scottish boxer
  • 1935 – Bobby Morrow, American sprinter
  • 1935 – Willie O'Ree, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936Michel Aumont, French actor
  • 1936 – Robert Baden-Powell, 3rd Baron Baden-Powell, South African-English businessman (d. 2019)
  • 1937Linda Lavin, American actress and singer
  • 1938Marv Johnson, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Brice Marden, American painter
  • 1938 – Robert Ward, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician and activist (d. 1997)[6]
  • 1940Tommy Bishop, English rugby league player and coach
  • 1940 – Peter C. Doherty, Australian surgeon and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941Roy Masters, Australian rugby league coach, journalist, and author
  • 1942Hilo Chen, Taiwanese-American painter
  • 1942 – Harold W. Gehman, Jr., American admiral
  • 1942 – Don Stevenson, American singer-songwriter and drummer[7]
  • 1943Penny Marshall, American actress, director, and producer (d. 2018)
  • 1944Sali Berisha, Albanian cardiologist and politician, 2nd President of Albania
  • 1944 – A. Chandranehru, Sri Lankan Tamil merchant seaman and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Haim Saban, Israeli-American businessman, co-founded Saban Entertainment
  • 1944 – David Trimble, Northern Irish lawyer and politician, 3rd First Minister of Northern Ireland, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945Steve Camacho, Guyanese cricketer (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Antonio Cañizares Llovera, Spanish cardinal
  • 1945 – Neophyte of Bulgaria, Bulgarian patriarch
  • 1945 – Jim Palmer, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1946Victor Banerjee, Indian actor and director
  • 1946 – Richard Carpenter, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1946 – Palle Danielsson, Swedish bassist and composer
  • 1946 – Stewart Stevenson, Scottish engineer and politician, Minister for Environment and Climate Change
  • 1947Hümeyra, Turkish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1947 – Jaroslav Erno Šedivý, Czech drummer
  • 1948Renato Corona, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 23rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Chris de Burgh, British-Irish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1949Laurie McBain, American author
  • 1949 – Prannoy Roy, Indian journalist, economist, and broadcaster, founded NDTV
  • 1950Candida Royalle, American porn actress, director, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1951Atoy Co, Filipino basketball player, coach, and actor
  • 1951 – Peter Richardson, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Roscoe Tanner, American tennis player
  • 1951 – Rafael Vaganian, Armenian chess player
  • 1951 – A. F. Th. van der Heijden, Dutch author
  • 1953Betsy Clifford, Canadian skier
  • 1953 – Tito Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Larry Miller, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1953 – Peter Phillips, English conductor and musicologist
  • 1953 – Walter Jon Williams, American author
  • 1954Peter Bakowski, Australian poet and educator
  • 1954 – Steve Bracks, Australian politician, 44th Premier of Victoria
  • 1954 – Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1954 – Julia Yeomans, English physicist and academic
  • 1955Kulbir Bhaura, Indian field hockey player
  • 1955 – Emma Chichester Clark, English author and illustrator
  • 1957Michael Caton-Jones, Scottish actor, director, and producer
  • 1957 – Mira Nair, Indian-American actress, director, and producer
  • 1957 – Stacy Peralta, American skateboarder, director, producer, and businessman, co-founded Powell Peralta
  • 1958Stephen Clarke, English-French journalist and author
  • 1959Sarah, Duchess of York
  • 1959 – Emeril Lagasse, American chef and author
  • 1959 – Alex Paterson, English keyboard player
  • 1959 – Todd Solondz, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1961Vyacheslav Butusov, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963Stanley Menzo, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964Roberto Vittori, Italian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1965Nasser El Sonbaty, German bodybuilder and trainer (d. 2013)
  • 1966Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Bill Charlap, American pianist and composer
  • 1966 – Ilse Huizinga, Dutch singer
  • 1966 – Dave Stead, English drummer
  • 1967Götz Otto, German actor and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Dan Forest, American politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina
  • 1968Didier Deschamps, French footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • 1968 – Rod Wishart, Australian rugby league player
  • 1968 – Trent Zimmerman, Australian politician
  • 1969Vítor Baía, Portuguese footballer
  • 1969 – Dominic West, English actor and director
  • 1970Eric Benét, American musician
  • 1970 – Ginuwine, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1970 – Pernilla Wiberg, Swedish skier
  • 1971Joey Abs, American wrestler
  • 1971 – Andy Cole, English footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Lauri Pilter, Estonian author and translator
  • 1972Fred Hoiberg, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972 – Matt Keeslar, American actor
  • 1972 – Michél Mazingu-Dinzey, German-Congolese footballer and manager
  • 1973Aleksandr Filimonov, Russian footballer
  • 1973 – Maria Hjorth, Swedish golfer
  • 1974Ömer Çatkıç, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Bianca Rinaldi, Brazilian actress
  • 1975Alessandro Doga, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Glen Little, English footballer and manager
  • 1976Christian Allen, American video game designer
  • 1976 – Manuel Dallan, Italian rugby player
  • 1977Masato Kawabata, Japanese race car driver
  • 1977 – David Trezeguet, French footballer
  • 1977 – Patricio Urrutia, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1978Devon Gummersall, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Takeshi Morishima, Japanese wrestler
  • 1979Blue Adams, American football player and coach
  • 1979 – Bohemia, Pakistani-American rapper and producer
  • 1979 – Jekaterina Golovatenko, Estonian figure skater
  • 1979 – Paul Robinson, English footballer
  • 1979 – Jaci Velasquez, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1979 – Māris Verpakovskis, Latvian footballer
  • 1980Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1980 – Siiri Nordin, Finnish singer-songwriter
  • 1981Keyshia Cole, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1981 – Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Radoslav Židek, Slovak snowboarder
  • 1982Paulini, Fijian-Australian singer
  • 1982 – Sachiko Yamada, Japanese swimmer
  • 1983Bruno Senna, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1983 – Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer
  • 1984Izale McLeod, English footballer
  • 1984 – Johan Voskamp, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Jessie Ware, English singer-songwriter
  • 1985Arron Afflalo, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Walter Alberto López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Marcos Martínez, Spanish race car driver
  • 1986Lee Donghae, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Carlo Janka, Swiss skier
  • 1986 – Nolito, Spanish footballer
  • 1987Jesse Levine, Canadian-American tennis player
  • 1987 – Chantal Strand, Canadian voice actress and singer
  • 1987 – Ott Tänak, Estonian race car driver
  • 1988Lassy Mbouity, Congolese writer and politician
  • 1988 – Mesut Özil, German footballer
  • 1989Blaine Gabbert, American football player
  • 1989 – Leandro Antonio Martínez, Argentinian-Italian footballer
  • 1989 – Anthony Joshua, British professional boxer
  • 1990Jeon Ji-yoon, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1994Lil' Kleine, Dutch rapper
  • 1995Jakob Pöltl, Austrian basketball player
  • 1996Zelo, South Korean rapper and dancer
  • 1996 – Charly Musonda, Belgian footballer
  • 1999Bailee Madison, American actress

Deaths

  • 412Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 892Al-Mu'tamid, Muslim caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
  • 898Lambert of Italy (b. 880)
  • 912Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi, Spanish emir (b. 844)
  • 925Rhazes, Persian polymath (b. 864)
  • 961Abd-al-Rahman III, caliph of Córdoba
  • 1002Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080Rudolf of Rheinfelden (b. 1025)
  • 1243Hedwig of Silesia, Polish saint (b. 1174)[8]
  • 1173Petronilla of Aragon (b. 1135)
  • 1326Walter de Stapledon, English bishop and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1261)
  • 1385Dionysius I, Metropolitan of Moscow
  • 1389Pope Urban VI (b. 1318)
  • 1404Marie Valois, French princess (b. 1344)[9]
  • 1496Gilbert, Count of Montpensier (b. 1443)
  • 1564Andreas Vesalius, Belgian-Greek anatomist, physician, and author (b. 1514)
  • 1674Robert Herrick, English poet (b. 1591)
  • 1684Géraud de Cordemoy, French historian, philosopher and lawyer (b. 1626)
  • 1690Juan de Valdés Leal, Spanish painter and illustrator (b. 1622)
  • 1715Humphry Ditton, English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1675)
  • 1788Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810Alfred Moore, American captain and judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter and politician (b. 1735)
  • 1817Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian general and engineer (b. 1746)
  • 1819Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and politician, War Governor of Saint Petersburg (b. 1744)
  • 1820Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg (b. 1771)
  • 1837Ivan Dmitriev, Russian poet and politician, Russian Minister of Justice (b. 1760)
  • 1891Gilbert Arthur à Beckett, English author and songwriter (b. 1837)
  • 1900Zdeněk Fibich, Czech pianist and composer (b. 1850)
  • 1910Stanley Ketchel, American boxer (b. 1886)
  • 1917Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (b. 1876)
  • 1918Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian guru and saint (b. 1838)
  • 1925Dolores Jiménez y Muro, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1848?)[10]
  • 1930Herbert Henry Dow, Canadian-American businessman, founded the Dow Chemical Company (b. 1866)
  • 1934Raymond Poincaré, French lawyer and politician, 10th President of France (b. 1860)
  • 1940Lluís Companys, Catalan lawyer and politician, President of Catalonia (b. 1882)
  • 1945Pierre Laval, French lawyer and politician, 101st Prime Minister of France (b. 1883)
  • 1946Hermann Göring, German general and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1948Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1955Fumio Hayasaka, Japanese composer (b. 1914)
  • 1958Asaf Halet Çelebi, Turkish poet and author (b. 1907)
  • 1958 – Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (b. 1908)
  • 1959Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1959 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1880)
  • 1960Clara Kimball Young, American actress and producer (b. 1890)
  • 1961Suryakant Tripathi 'Nirala', Indian poet and author (b. 1896)
  • 1963Horton Smith, American golfer and captain (b. 1908)
  • 1964Cole Porter, American composer and songwriter (b. 1891)
  • 1965Abraham Fraenkel, German-Israeli mathematician and academic (b. 1891)
  • 1966Frederick Montague, 1st Baron Amwell, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1968Virginia Lee Burton, American author and illustrator (b. 1909)
  • 1976Carlo Gambino, Italian-American mob boss (b. 1902)
  • 1978W. Eugene Smith, American photojournalist (b. 1918)
  • 1980Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
  • 1981Philip Fotheringham-Parker, English race car driver (b. 1907)
  • 1983Pat O'Brien, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1987Thomas Sankara, Burkinabe captain and politician, 5th President of Burkina Faso (b. 1949)
  • 1987 – Donald Wandrei, American author and poet (b. 1908)
  • 1988Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English pianist, composer, and critic (b. 1892)
  • 1989Danilo Kiš, Serbian novelist, short story writer, essayist and translator. (b. 1935)[11]
  • 1990Delphine Seyrig, French actress and director (b. 1932)
  • 1993Aydın Sayılı, Turkish historian and academic (b. 1913)
  • 1994Sarah Kofman, French philosopher and academic (b. 1934)
  • 1995Bengt Åkerblom, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1967)
  • 1995 – Marco Campos, Brazilian race car driver (b. 1976)
  • 1999Josef Locke, British-Irish soldier, policeman, tenor and actor (b. 1917)
  • 2000Konrad Emil Bloch, Polish-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Vincent Canby, American journalist and critic (b. 1924)
  • 2003Ben Metcalfe, Canadian journalist and activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2005 – Matti Wuori, Finnish lawyer and politician (b. 1945)
  • 2007Piet Boukema, Dutch jurist and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2008Edie Adams, American actress and singer (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish soldier and poet (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Jack Narz, American game show host and announcer (b. 1922)
  • 2009Heinz Versteeg, Dutch-German footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2010Richard C. Miller, American photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2010 – Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and activist (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Johnny Sheffield, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2011Betty Driver, English actress, singer, and author (b. 1920)
  • 2012Claude Cheysson, French lieutenant and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Erol Günaydın, Turkish actor and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Maria Petrou, Greek-English computer scientist and academic (b. 1953)
  • 2012 – Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Pat Ward, American lawyer and politician (b. 1957)
  • 2013Donald Bailey, American drummer (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Nevill Drury, English-Australian journalist and publisher (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Gloria Lynne, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Rudy Minarcin, American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Hans Riegel, German businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2014Giovanni Reale, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Jiří Reynek, Czech poet and graphic designer (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Robert Tiernan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Nobby Wirkowski, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2015Sergei Filippenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Nate Huffman, American basketball player (b. 1975)
  • 2015 – Neill Sheridan, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Kenneth D. Taylor, Canadian businessman and diplomat (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Tyrone Young, American football player (b. 1960)
  • 2017Chinggoy Alonzo, Filipino theater, movie & television actor (b. 1950)
  • 2018Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft, philanthropist, owner of the Seattle Seahawks(b. 1953)[12]


Holidays and observances

  • Anniversary of the 1987 Coup d'État (Burkina Faso)
  • Breast Health Day (Europe)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bruno of Querfurt
    • Cúan of Ahascragh
    • Teresa of Ávila
    • Thecla of Kitzingen
    • October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Heroes' Day can fall, while October 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Monday in October. (Jamaica)
  • Earliest day on which Mother's Day can fall, while October 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Monday in October. (Argentina)
  • Earliest day on which Sweetest Day can fall, while October 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Saturday in October. (Great Lakes region)
  • Evacuation Day (Tunisia)
  • Global Handwashing Day
  • International Day of Rural Women (United Nations)
  • King Father's Commemoration Day (Cambodia)
  • National Latino AIDS Awareness Day (United States)
  • Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day (Canada, the United States, the UK and Italy)
  • Teachers' Day (Brazil)
  • White Cane Safety Day (United States)
  • World Students' Day

References

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  8. Kirsch, Johann Peter. "St. Hedwig." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910, accessdate=2007-02-18
  9. Jean d'Arras, Melusine; or, The Noble History of Lusignan, transl. Donald Maddox, (The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012), 234.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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