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Events

  • 1066 – The Norman conquest of England begins with the Battle of Hastings.[1]
  • 1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at the Battle of Old Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.[2]
  • 1582 – Because of the adoption of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Austria, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.[3]
  • 1586Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth I of England.[4]
  • 1656 – The US state of Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).[5]
  • 1758Seven Years' War: Frederick the Great suffers a rare defeat at the Battle of Hochkirch.[6]
  • 1773 – The first recorded ministry of education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: A French corps defeats an Austrian attempt to escape encirclement at Ulm.
  • 1806 – War of the Fourth Coalition: Napoleon decisively defeats Prussia at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt.
  • 1808 – The Republic of Ragusa is annexed by France.
  • 1843 – Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell arrested by British on charges of criminal conspiracy.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederate troops under the command of A. P. Hill fail to drive the Union Army completely out of Virginia.
  • 1884George Eastman receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films the first motion picture, Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1898 – The steam ship Template:SS sinks near the Lizard peninsula, Cornwall, killing 106.
  • 1908 – The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, 2–0, clinching the 1908 World Series; this would be their last until winning the 2016 World Series.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his aircraft on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C.
  • 1912 – Former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by John Flammang Schrank. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
  • 1913Senghenydd colliery disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, claims the lives of 439 miners.
  • 1915 – World War I: Bulgaria joins the Central Powers.
  • 1920 – Finland and Soviet Russia sign the Treaty of Tartu, exchanging some territories.
  • 1926 – The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1933 – Germany withdraws from the League of Nations and World Disarmament Conference.
  • 1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Template:GS sinks the British battleship Template:HMS within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Balham underground station disaster kills sixty-six people during the London Blitz.
  • 1943 – World War II: Prisoners at the Sobibór extermination camp in Poland revolt against the Germans.
  • 1943 – World War II: The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress during the Second Raid on Schweinfurt.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Second Philippine Republic, a puppet state of Japan, is inaugurated with José P. Laurel as its president.
  • 1947Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to exceed the speed of sound.
  • 1949 – The Smith Act trials of Communist Party leaders in the United States convicts eleven defendants of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the federal government.
  • 1952 – Korean War: The Battle of Triangle Hill is the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
  • 1956 – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, leader of India's Untouchable caste, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
  • 1957 – The 23rd Canadian Parliament becomes the only one to be personally opened by the Queen of Canada.
  • 1957 – At least 81 people are killed in the most devastating flood in the history of the Spanish city of Valencia.
  • 1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins when an American reconnaissance aircraft takes photographs of Soviet ballistic missiles being installed in Cuba.
  • 1964Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.
  • 1964 – The Soviet Presidium and the Communist Party Central Committee each vote to accept Nikita Khrushchev's "voluntary" request to retire from his offices.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal begins the operation of its underground Montreal Metro rapid transit system.
  • 1968 – The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit is performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
  • 1968 – The 6.5 Template:M Meckering earthquake shook the southwest portion of Western Australia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing $2.2 million in damage and leaving 20–28 people injured.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines becomes the first man ever to break the so-called "ten-second barrier" in the 100-meter sprint with a time of 9.95 seconds.
  • 1973 – In the Thammasat student uprising, over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the military government. Seventy-seven are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
  • 1975 – An RAF Avro Vulcan bomber explodes and crashes over Żabbar, Malta after an aborted landing, killing five crew members and one person on the ground.[7]
  • 1977Anita Bryant gets a pie thrown in her face at a news conference in Des Moines by gay rights activist Tom Higgins for her anti-LGBT commentary.[8]
  • 1979 – The first National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights draws approximately 100,000 people.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected as the President of Egypt, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1991 – Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1994 – Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of future Palestinian self government.
  • 1998 – Eric Rudolph is charged with six bombings, including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 2003 – The Steve Bartman Incident takes place at Wrigley Field in Chicago, Illinois.[9]
  • 2004MK Airlines Flight 1602 crashes during takeoff from Halifax Stanfield International Airport, killing all seven people on board.
  • 2004 – Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701 crashes in Jefferson City, Missouri. The two pilots (the aircraft's only occupants) are killed.[10]
  • 2012Felix Baumgartner successfully jumps to Earth from a balloon in the stratosphere.
  • 2014 – A snowstorm and avalanche in the Nepalese Himalayas triggered by the remnants of Cyclone Hudhud kills 43 people.
  • 2014 – Utah State University receives a bomb threat against feminist media critic Anita Sarkeesian, who was to give a lecture the next day.
  • 2014 – The Serbia vs. Albania UEFA qualifying match is canceled after 42 minutes due to several incidents on and off the pitch. Albania is eventually awarded a win.
  • 2015 – A suicide bomb attack in Pakistan kills at least seven people and injures 13 others.
  • 2017 – A massive truck bombing in Somalia kills 358 people and injures more than 400 others.

Births

  • 1257Przemysł II of Poland (d. 1296)[11]
  • 1404Marie of Anjou (d. 1463)
  • 1425Alesso Baldovinetti, Italian painter (d. 1499)
  • 1465Konrad Peutinger, German humanist and antiquarian (d. 1547)[12]
  • 1493Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyō (d. 1568)
  • 1542Philip IV, Count of Nassau-Weilburg (d. 1602)
  • 1563Jodocus Hondius, Flemish engraver and cartographer (d. 1611)
  • 1569Giambattista Marino, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1609Ernest Günther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (d. 1689)
  • 1630Sophia of Hanover (d. 1714)[13]
  • 1633James II of England (d. 1701)
  • 1639Simon van der Stel, Dutch commander and politician, 1st Governor of the Dutch Cape Colony (d. 1712)
  • 1643Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor (d. 1712)[14]
  • 1644William Penn, English businessman who founded Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (d. 1768)
  • 1712George Grenville, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, Scottish-English admiral and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1791Friedrich Parrot, Baltic German naturalist (d. 1841)[15]
  • 1801Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist and academic, created the Phenakistoscope (d. 1883)
  • 1806Preston King, American lawyer and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1824Adolphe Monticelli, French painter (d. 1886)[16]
  • 1840Dmitry Pisarev, Russian author and critic (d. 1868)
  • 1842Joe Start, American baseball player and manager (d. 1927)
  • 1844John See, English-Australian politician, 14th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1907)
  • 1848Byron Edmund Walker, Canadian banker and philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1853John William Kendrick, American engineer and businessman (d. 1924)
  • 1861Julia A. Ames, American journalist, editor, and reformer (d. 1891)[17]
  • 1867Masaoka Shiki, Japanese poet, author, and critic (d. 1902)
  • 1869Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen, English art dealer (d. 1939)
  • 1871Alexander von Zemlinsky, Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher (d. 1942)[18]
  • 1872Reginald Doherty, English tennis player (d. 1910)
  • 1882Éamon de Valera, American-Irish rebel and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1959)
  • 1888Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1923)
  • 1888 – Yukio Sakurauchi, Japanese businessman and politician, 27th Japanese Minister of Finance (d. 1947)
  • 1890Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1892Sumner Welles, American politician and diplomat, 11th Under Secretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1893Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1894E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Victoria Drummond, British marine engineer (d. 1978)
  • 1897Alicja Dorabialska, Polish chemist (d. 1975)
  • 1898Thomas William Holmes, Canadian sergeant and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1950)
  • 1900W. Edwards Deming, American statistician, author, and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1902Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1904Christian Pineau, French politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Mikhail Pervukhin, Soviet politician, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1978)
  • 1906Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian religious leader, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German-American philosopher and theorist (d. 1975)[19]
  • 1907Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1909Mochitsura Hashimoto, Japanese commander (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racing driver (d. 1938)
  • 1910John Wooden, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010) [20]
  • 1911Lê Đức Thọ, Vietnamese general and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1914Harry Brecheen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Alexis Rannit, Estonian poet and critic (d. 1985)
  • 1915Loris Francesco Capovilla, Italian cardinal (d. 2016)
  • 1916C. Everett Koop, American admiral and surgeon, 13th United States Surgeon General (d. 2013)
  • 1918Marcel Chaput, Canadian biochemist, journalist, and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Thelma Coyne Long, Australian tennis player and captain (d. 2015)
  • 1918 – Doug Ring, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2003)
  • 1921José Arraño Acevedo, Chilean journalist and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1923Joel Barnett, English accountant and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury (d. 2014)
  • 1926Willy Alberti, Dutch singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1927Roger Moore, English actor and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1928Joyce Bryant, American actress and singer[21]
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American chemist and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1929Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer and wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1930Robert Parker, American singer and saxophonist (d. 2020)
  • 1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese soldier and politician, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Alan Williams, Welsh journalist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Wales (d. 2014)
  • 1932Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1936Hans Kraay Sr., Dutch footballer and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1936 – Jürg Schubiger, Swiss psychotherapist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1938Farah Pahlavi, Empress of Iran
  • 1938 – John Dean, American lawyer and author, 13th White House Counsel
  • 1938 – Elizabeth Esteve-Coll, English curator and academic
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Shula Marks, South African historian and academic
  • 1938 – Melba Montgomery, American country music singer
  • 1939Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, founded the Ralph Lauren Corporation
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer and politician
  • 1940Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
  • 1940 – Cliff Richard, Indian-English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1940 – J. C. Snead, American golfer
  • 1940 – Christopher Timothy, Welsh actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1941Jerry Glanville, American football player and coach
  • 1941 – Eddie Keher, Irish sportsman (hurling)
  • 1941 – Laurie Lawrence, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Roger Taylor, English tennis player
  • 1942Bob Hiller, English rugby player
  • 1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino lawyer and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1942 – Péter Nádas, Hungarian author and playwright
  • 1942 – Suzzanna, Indonesian actress (d. 2008)
  • 1943Mohammad Khatami, Iranian scholar and politician, 5th President of Iran[22]
  • 1944Udo Kier, German-American actor and director
  • 1945Colin Hodgkinson, English bass player
  • 1945 – Daan Jippes, Dutch author and illustrator
  • 1945 – Lesley Joseph, English actress
  • 1946François Bozizé, Gabonese general and politician, President of the Central African Republic
  • 1946 – Joey de Leon, Filipino comedian, actor and television host
  • 1946 – Justin Hayward, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist, geneticist, and academic
  • 1947Norman Harris, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1947 – Charlie Joiner, American football player
  • 1947 – Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian-American wrestler (d. 2018)
  • 1948Marcia Barrett, Jamaican-English singer
  • 1948 – Norman Ornstein, American political scientist and scholar
  • 1949Damian Lau, Hong Kong actor, director, and producer
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American poet and author
  • 1949 – Dave Schultz, Canadian ice hockey player and referee
  • 1950Joey Travolta, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1951Aad van den Hoek, Dutch cyclist
  • 1952Harry Anderson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2018) [23]
  • 1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Russian gymnast and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1952 – Rick Aviles, American comedian and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1953Kazumi Watanabe, Japanese guitarist and composer
  • 1954Mordechai Vanunu, Moroccan-Israeli technician and academic
  • 1955Iwona Blazwick, English curator and critic
  • 1956Ümit Besen, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1956 – Beth Daniel, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Jennell Jaquays, American game designer
  • 1956 – Arleen Sorkin, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957Michel Després, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Gen Nakatani, Japanese lawyer and politician, 13th Japanese Minister of Defense
  • 1958Thomas Dolby, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1959A. J. Pero, American drummer (d. 2015)
  • 1960Steve Cram, English runner and coach
  • 1960 – Zbigniew Kruszyński, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1961Isaac Mizrahi, American fashion designer
  • 1962Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1962 – Trevor Goddard, English-American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Chris Thomas King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1963Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1964Joe Girardi, American baseball player and manager
  • 1965Steve Coogan, English actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower and politician[24]
  • 1965 – Constantine Koukias, Greek-Australian flute player and composer
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer-songwriter
  • 1967Pat Kelly, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1967 – Werner Daehn, German actor
  • 1967 – Stephen A. Smith, American sports television personality
  • 1968Jay Ferguson, Canadian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer and journalist
  • 1968 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1969P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Viktor Onopko, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1970Martin Barbarič, Czech footballer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Meelis Lindmaa, Estonian footballer
  • 1970 – Hiromi Nagasaku, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1970 – Pär Zetterberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1970 – Vasko Vassilev, Bulgarian violinist
  • 1971Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Robert Jaworski Jr., Filipino basketball player and politician
  • 1972Erika deLone, American tennis player
  • 1972 – Julian O'Neill, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973Thom Brooks, American-British political philosopher and legal scholar
  • 1973 – Lasha Zhvania, Georgian businessman and politician
  • 1974Jessica Drake, American porn actress and director
  • 1974 – Samuel José da Silva Vieira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Viktor Röthlin, Swiss runner
  • 1974 – Tümer Metin, Turkish footballer
  • 1975Michael Duberry, English footballer
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1975 – Carlos Spencer, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976Tillakaratne Dilshan, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1977Saeed Ajmal, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Barry Ditewig, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, American-Canadian basketball and volleyball player
  • 1978Justin Lee Brannan, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Jana Macurová, Czech tennis player
  • 1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1979Stacy Keibler, American wrestler and actress
  • 1979 – Liina-Grete Lilender, Estonian figure skater and coach
  • 1980Paúl Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Amjad Khan, Danish-English cricketer
  • 1980 – Scott Kooistra, American football player
  • 1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1980 – Ben Whishaw, English actor[25]
  • 1981Gautam Gambhir, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Ryan Hall, American runner
  • 1982 – Matt Roth, American football player
  • 1983Betty Heidler, German hammer thrower
  • 1984LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1984 – Alex Scott, English footballer
  • 1985Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1985 – Ivan Pernar, Croatian Member of Parliament
  • 1986Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1988Glenn Maxwell, Australian cricketer
  • 1990Jordan Clark, English cricketer
  • 1992Ahmed Musa, Nigerian footballer
  • 1993Ashton Agar, Australian cricketer
  • 1994Joe Burgess, English rugby league player
  • 1994 – Jaelen Feeney, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Jared Goff, American football player
  • 2001Rowan Blanchard, American actress[26]

Deaths

  • 530Antipope Dioscorus
  • 841Shi Yuanzhong, Chinese governor
  • 869Pang Xun, Chinese rebel leader
  • 962Gerloc, Frankish noblewoman
  • 996Al-Aziz Billah, Fatimid caliph (b. 955)
  • 1066Harold Godwinson, English king (b. 1022)
  • 1066 – Leofwine Godwinson, English nobleman and brother of Harold II
  • 1066 – Gyrth Godwinson, English nobleman and brother of Harold II
  • 1077Andronicus Ducas, Byzantine courtier (b. 1022)
  • 1092Nizam al-Mulk, Persian scholar and politician (b. 1018)
  • 1184Yusuf I, Almohad caliph (b. 1135)
  • 1213Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex, English sheriff and Chief Justiciar
  • 1217Isabella, English noblewoman and wife of John of England (b. c. 1173)
  • 1240 – Razia Sultana, Only female sultan of Delhi (b. c. 1205)[27]
  • 1256Kujō Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland (b. 1275)
  • 1416Henry the Mild, duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • 1536Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet (b. 1503)
  • 1552Oswald Myconius, Swiss theologian and reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565Thomas Chaloner, English poet and politician (b. 1521)
  • 1568Jacques Arcadelt, Dutch singer and composer (b. 1507)
  • 1610Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese daimyō (b. 1540)
  • 1618Gervase Clifton, 1st Baron Clifton, English nobleman (b.c. 1570)
  • 1619Samuel Daniel, English poet and historian (b. 1562)
  • 1631Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (b. 1557)
  • 1637Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1669Antonio Cesti, Italian organist and composer (b. 1623)
  • 1703Thomas Kingo, Danish bishop and poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711Tewoflos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1708)
  • 1758James Francis Edward Keith, Scottish-Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1747Amaro Pargo, Spanish corsair (b. 1678)
  • 1831Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer and educator (b. 1761)
  • 1911John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1833)
  • 1923Marcellus Emants, Dutch-Swiss author, poet, and playwright (b. 1848)
  • 1929Henri Berger, German composer and bandleader (b. 1844)
  • 1930Samuel van Houten, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (b. 1837)
  • 1942Noboru Yamaguchi, Japanese mob boss (b. 1902)
  • 1943Sobibór uprising:
    • Rudolf Beckmann, German SS officer (b. 1910)
    • Siegfried Graetschus, German sergeant (b. 1916)
    • Johann Niemann, German lieutenant (b. 1913)
  • 1944Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • 1953Émile Sarrade, French rugby player and tug of war competitor (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1958Douglas Mawson, Australian geologist, academic, and explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1959Jack Davey, New Zealand-Australian singer and radio host (b. 1907)
  • 1959Errol Flynn, Australian-American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1909)
  • 1960Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1880)
  • 1961Paul Ramadier, French politician, 129th Prime Minister of France (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English journalist and activist (b. 1876)
  • 1965William Hogenson, American sprinter (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Randall Jarrell, American poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1967Marcel Aymé, French author and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1969Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (b. 1914)
  • 1969 – August Sang, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1914)
  • 1973Edmund A. Chester, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1897)
  • 1973 – Ahmed Hamdi, Egyptian general and engineer (b. 1929)
  • 1976Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
  • 1977Bing Crosby, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1982Louis Rougier, French philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1889)
  • 1983Willard Price, Canadian-American historian and author (b. 1887)
  • 1984Martin Ryle, English astronomer and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1985Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1986Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Takahiko Yamanouchi, Japanese physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1990Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1997Harold Robbins, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1998Cleveland Amory, American author and activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (b. 1916)
  • 1999Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian educator and politician, 1st President of Tanzania (b. 1922)
  • 2000Art Coulter, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Tony Roper, American race car driver (b. 1964)
  • 2002Norbert Schultze, German composer and conductor (b. 1911)
  • 2003Patrick Dalzel-Job, English linguist, commander, and navigator (b. 1913)
  • 2006Freddy Fender, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Klaas Runia, Dutch theologian and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, American educator and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2008Robert Furman, American engineer and intelligence officer (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2009Martyn Sanderson, New Zealand actor and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2009 – Collin Wilcox, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Lou Albano, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 2010Simon MacCorkindale, English actor, director, and producer (b. 1952)
  • 2010 – Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist (b. 1924)
  • 2011Reg Alcock, Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Ashawna Hailey, American computer scientist and philanthropist (b. 1949)
  • 2012John Clive, English actor and author (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Max Fatchen, Australian journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – James R. Grover Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Larry Sloan, American publisher, co-founded Price Stern Sloan (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Arlen Specter, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Dody Weston Thompson, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Gart Westerhout, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2013Wally Bell, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1965)
  • 2013 – Max Cahner, German-Catalan historian and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Kōichi Iijima, Japanese author and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Bruno Metsu, French footballer and manager (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Frank Moore, American painter and poet (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Käty van der Mije-Nicolau, Romanian-Dutch chess player (b. 1940)
  • 2014A. H. Halsey, English sociologist and academic (b. 1923)[28]
  • 2014 – Leonard Liggio, American author and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 2015Nurlan Balgimbayev, Kazakh politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Mathieu Kérékou, Beninese soldier and politician, President of Benin (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Margaret Keyes, American historian and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Radhakrishna Hariram Tahiliani, Indian admiral (b. 1930)
  • 2016Helen Kelly, New Zealand trade union leader (b. 1964)
  • 2019Harold Bloom, American literary critic (b.1930)[29]
  • 2019 – Sulli, South Korean actress, singer, and model (b.1994)[30]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Angadrisma
    • Fortunatus of Todi
    • Joseph Schereschewsky (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Pope Callixtus I
    • October 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Intercession of the Theotokos
  • Day of the Cathedral of the Living Pillar (Georgian Orthodox Church)
  • Mother's Day (Belarus)
  • National Education Day (Poland), formerly Teachers' Day
  • Nyerere Day (Tanzania)
  • Second Revolution Day (Yemen)
  • World Standards Day (International)
  • Defender of Ukraine Day (Ukraine)

References

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  11. Kronika wielkopolska, Warsaw 1965, vol. 119, pp. 260-261: "In the same year (ie in 1257) was born the son of Przemyśl the Good Duke of Greater Poland, in Poznań, on Sunday morning, the feast of the martyr Saint Callixtus (Pope Callixtus I)".
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  23. Shanely, Patric (April 16, 2018). "'Night Court' Actor Harry Anderson Dies at 65". The Hollywood Reporter.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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