Culture Wikia
Advertisement
Culture Wikia

Script error: No such module "Protection banner". Script error: No such module "Pp-move-indef".

2021

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Friday)
  2011 (Wednesday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".October 12 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 80 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 539 BC – The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon, ending the Babylonian empire. (Julian calendar)[1]
  • 633Battle of Hatfield Chase: King Edwin of Northumbria is defeated and killed by the British under Penda of Mercia and Cadwallon of Gwynedd.[2]
  • 1279 – The Nichiren Shōshū branch of Buddhism is founded in Japan.[3]
  • 1398 – In the Treaty of Salynas, Lithuania cedes Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights.[4]
  • 1406Chen Yanxiang, the only person from Indonesia known to have visited dynastic Korea, reaches Seoul after having set out from Java four months before.[5]
  • 1492Christopher Columbus's first expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas.[6]
  • 1654 – The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people.
  • 1692 – The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Province.
  • 1748 – War of Jenkins' Ear: A British squadron wins a tactical victory over a Spanish squadron off Havana.
  • 1773 – America's first insane asylum opens.
  • 1792 – The first celebration of Columbus Day is held in New York City.
  • 1793 – The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  • 1798 – Flemish and Luxembourgish peasants launch the rebellion against French rule known as the Peasants' War.
  • 1799Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse becomes the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute.
  • 1810 – The citizens of Munich hold the first Oktoberfest.
  • 1822Pedro I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor.
  • 1847Werner von Siemens founds Siemens & Halske, which later becomes Siemens AG.
  • 1849 – The city of Manizales, Colombia, is founded by 'The Expedition of the 20'.
  • 1871 – The British in India enact the Criminal Tribes Act, naming many local communities "Criminal Tribes".
  • 1890Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formed.
  • 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited by students in many US public schools.
  • 1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the "Executive Mansion" to the White House.
  • 1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium
  • 1917 – World War I: The First Battle of Passchendaele takes place resulting in the largest single-day loss of life in New Zealand history.
  • 1918 – A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Minnesota.
  • 1928 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children's Hospital, Boston.
  • 1933 – The military Alcatraz Citadel becomes the civilian Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Axis occupation of Athens comes to an end.
  • 1945 – World War II: Desmond Doss is the first conscientious objector to receive the U.S. Medal of Honor.
  • 1959 – At the national congress of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance in Peru, a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party who later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at the United Nations to protest a Philippine assertion.
  • 1960 – Japan Socialist Party leader Inejiro Asanuma is stabbed to death during a live Television broadcast.
  • 1962 – The Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages.
  • 1963 – After nearly 23 years of imprisonment, Reverend Walter Ciszek, a Jesuit missionary, was released from the Soviet Union.
  • 1964 – The Soviet Union launches the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew, and the first flight without pressure suits.
  • 1968Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization continues as President Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas.
  • 1971 – The 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire begins.
  • 1979Typhoon Tip becomes the largest and most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded.
  • 1983 – Japan's former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from the Lockheed Corporation, and is sentenced to four years in jail.
  • 1984 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army fail to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet. The bomb kills five people and wounds 31.
  • 1988 – Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down execution-style in the Walsh Street police shootings, Australia.
  • 1992 – A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Cairo, Egypt. At least 510 died.
  • 1994 – The Magellan spacecraft burns up in the atmosphere of Venus.
  • 1997 – The Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria kills 43 people at a fake roadblock.
  • 1998Matthew Shepard, a gay student at University of Wyoming, dies five days after he was beaten outside of Laramie.
  • 1999 – Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
  • 1999 – The former Autonomous Soviet Republic of Abkhazia declares its independence from Georgia.
  • 1999 – The World Population reaches 6 billion.
  • 2000 – The USS Cole, a US Navy destroyer is badly damaged by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
  • 2002 – Terrorists detonate bombs in the Sari Club in Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
  • 2005 – The second Chinese human spaceflight, Shenzhou 6, is launched, carrying two cosmonauts in orbit for five days.
  • 2013 – Fifty-one people are killed after a truck veers off a cliff in Peru.
  • 2017 – The United States announces its decision to withdraw from UNESCO.[7] and is immediately followed by Israel.
  • 2018Princess Eugenie marries Jack Brooksbank at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
  • 2019Typhoon Hagibis makes landfall in Japan, killing 10 and forcing the evacutation of 1,000,000 people.[8]
  • 2019 – Eliud Kipchoge from Kenya becomes the first person to run a marathon in less than two hours with a time of 1:59:40 in Vienna.[9]
  • 2019 – The Hard Rock Hotel in New Orleans, which is under construction, collapses, killing two and injuring 20.[10]

Births

  • 1008Go-Ichijō, emperor of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1240Trần Thánh Tông, emperor of Vietnam (then Đại Việt) (d. 1290)
  • 1350Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Duke of Moscow (d. 1389)
  • 1490Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer and priest (d. 1548)
  • 1533Asakura Yoshikage, Japanese ruler (d. 1573)
  • 1537Edward VI, king of England (d. 1553)
  • 1555Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, English diplomat (d. 1601)
  • 1558Maximilian III, archduke of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1576Thomas Dudley, English-American soldier and politician, 3rd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1653)
  • 1602William Chillingworth, English scholar and theologian (d. 1644)
  • 1614Henry More, English philosopher (d. 1687)
  • 1687Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German lute player and composer (d. 1750)
  • 1710Jonathan Trumbull, American colonel and politician, 16th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1725Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1792Christian Gmelin, German chemist and pharmacist (d. 1860)
  • 1798Pedro I, emperor of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1873)
  • 1815William J. Hardee, American general (d. 1873)
  • 1838George Thorn, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Queensland (d. 1905)
  • 1840Helena Modjeska, Polish-American actress (d. 1909)[11]
  • 1855Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor and academic (d. 1922)
  • 1860Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American engineer and businessman, co-invented the gyrocompass (d. 1930)
  • 1864Kamini Roy, British India's first female graduate, Bengali poet, social activist, and feminist writer (d. 1933)[12]
  • 1865Arthur Harden, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866Ramsay MacDonald, Scottish journalist and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • 1868August Horch, German engineer and businessman, founded Audi (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Mariano Trías, Filipino general and politician, 1st Vice President of the Philippines (d. 1914)
  • 1872Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer and educator (d. 1958)[13]
  • 1874Jimmy Burke, American baseball player and manager (d. 1942)
  • 1875Aleister Crowley, English magician and author (d. 1947)
  • 1878Truxtun Hare, American football player and hammer thrower (d. 1956)
  • 1880Louis Hémon, French-Canadian author (d. 1913)
  • 1891Edith Stein, Polish nun and martyr; later canonized (d. 1942)
  • 1891 – Fumimaro Konoe, Japanese soldier and politician, 39th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1945)
  • 1892Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano and actress (d. 1975)[14]
  • 1893Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
  • 1894Elisabeth of Romania, queen consort of Greece (d. 1956)
  • 1896Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1903Josephine Hutchinson, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1904Lester Dent, American journalist and author (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese author and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1906Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – John Murray, American playwright and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Piero Taruffi, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1988)
  • 1908Paul Engle, American novelist, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)[15]
  • 1910Robert Fitzgerald, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Malcolm Renfrew, American chemist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1911Vijay Merchant, Indian cricketer (d. 1987)
  • 1913Alice Chetwynd Ley, English author and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1914John E. Hodge, African-American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1916Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Lock Martin, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1917Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1919Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician, 34th Mayor of Trois-Rivières (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Doris Miller, American chef and soldier (d. 1943)
  • 1920Christopher Soames, English politician and diplomat, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1987)
  • 1921Art Clokey, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor, created Gumby (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech-English tennis player and ice hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Logie Bruce Lockhart, Scottish rugby player and journalist
  • 1922William H. Sullivan, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (d. 2013)
  • 1923Jean Nidetch, American businesswoman, co-founded Weight Watchers (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Goody Petronelli, American boxer, trainer, and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1924Leonidas Kyrkos, Greek politician (d. 2011)
  • 1925Denis Lazure, Canadian psychiatrist and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1928Al Held, American painter and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Domna Samiou, Greek singer and musicologist (d. 2012)
  • 1929Nappy Brown, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Robert Coles, American psychologist, author, and academic
  • 1929 – Magnus Magnusson, Icelandic journalist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1930Denis Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player and photographer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Milica Kacin Wohinz, Slovenian historian and author
  • 1931Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist and academic, co-developed Simula (d. 2002)
  • 1932Dick Gregory, American comedian, actor, and author (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Ned Jarrett, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1932 – John Moffat, Danish physicist and academic
  • 1933Guido Molinari, Canadian painter and art collector (d. 2004)
  • 1934James "Sugar Boy" Crawford, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Richard Meier, American architect, designed the Getty Center and City Tower
  • 1934 – Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician and academic
  • 1934 – Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (d. 1977)
  • 1935Don Howe, English footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Tony Kubek, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Sam Moore, American soul singer-songwriter
  • 1935 – Shivraj Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence
  • 1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937Paul Hawkins, Australian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Robert Mangold, American painter
  • 1941Michael Mansfield, English lawyer, academic, and republican
  • 1942Melvin Franklin, American soul bass singer (d. 1995)
  • 1943Kostas Tsakonas, Greek actor (d. 2015)
  • 1944Angela Rippon, English journalist and author
  • 1945Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1946Drew Edmondson, American politician[16]
  • 1946 – Ashok Mankad, Indian cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Daryl Runswick, English bassist and composer
  • 1947Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1948John Engler, American businessman and politician, 46th Governor of Michigan
  • 1948 – Rick Parfitt, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1949Dave Lloyd, English cyclist and coach
  • 1949 – Carlos the Jackal, Venezuelan terrorist and murderer
  • 1949 – Paul Went, English footballer and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1950Susan Anton, American actress and model
  • 1950 – Dave Freudenthal, American economist and politician, 31st Governor of Wyoming
  • 1951Sally Little, South African-American golfer[17]
  • 1951 – Ed Royce, American businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Norio Suzuki, Japanese golfer
  • 1952Trevor Chappell, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Béla Csécsei, Hungarian educator and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Roger Heath-Brown, English mathematician and theorist
  • 1953Les Dennis, English comedian and actor
  • 1953 – David Threlfall, English actor and director
  • 1954Massimo Ghini, Italian actor
  • 1954 – Michael Roe, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1954 – Linval Thompson, Jamaican singer and producer
  • 1955Einar Jan Aas, Norwegian footballer
  • 1955 – Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1955 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955 – Jane Siberry, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1956Rafael Ábalos, Spanish author
  • 1956 – Allan Evans, Scottish footballer
  • 1956 – Lutz Haueisen, German cyclist
  • 1956 – Catherine Holmes, Australian judge
  • 1956 – Gerti Schanderl, German figure skater
  • 1956 – David Vanian, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957Clémentine Célarié, French actress, singer, and director
  • 1957 – Serge Clerc, French comic book artist and illustrator
  • 1957 – Mike Dowler, Welsh football goalkeeper
  • 1957 – Annik Honoré, Belgian journalist and music promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – William F. Laurance, Australian biologist
  • 1958Steve Austria, American lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Maria de Fátima Silva de Sequeira Dias, Portuguese historian, author, and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Jeff Keith, American rock singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Bryn Merrick, Welsh bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1959Anna Escobedo Cabral, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1960Steve Lowery, American golfer
  • 1960 – Carlo Perrone, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Dorothee Vieth, German Paralympic cyclist[18]
  • 1961Chendo, Spanish footballer
  • 1962Carlos Bernard, American actor and director
  • 1962 – Chris Botti, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1962 – John Coleman, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian engineer and politician, 3rd President of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1962 – Deborah Foreman, American actress and photographer
  • 1962 – Mads Eriksen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1963Raimond Aumann, German footballer
  • 1963 – Hideki Fujisawa, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese animator and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1963 – Dave Legeno, English actor and mixed martial artist (d. 2014)
  • 1963 – Alan McDonald, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1965Dan Abnett, English author
  • 1965 – J. J. Daigneault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Scott O'Grady, American captain and pilot
  • 1966Jonathan Crombie, Canadian actor and voice over artist (d. 2015)
  • 1966 – Wim Jonk, Dutch footballer
  • 1966 – Brian Kennedy, Northern Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Brenda Romero, American game designer
  • 1967Becky Iverson, American golfer
  • 1968Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968 – Paul Harragon, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1968 – Leon Lett, American football player
  • 1969Martie Maguire, American singer-songwriter, violinist, and producer
  • 1969 – Željko Milinovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1969 – Dwayne Roloson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1969 – José Valentín, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1970Kirk Cameron, American actor, screenwriter, and Christian evangelical/anti-evolution activist
  • 1970 – Patrick Musimu, Belgian diver and physiotherapist (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Tanyon Sturtze, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Charlie Ward, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Steve Johnston, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1971 – Bronzell Miller, American football player and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1972Neriah Davis, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Juan Manuel Silva, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1972 – Tom Van Mol, Belgian footballer
  • 1973Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Martin Corry, English rugby player
  • 1974Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1975Susana Félix, Portuguese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Marion Jones, American basketball player and runner
  • 1976Simon Bridges, New Zealand politician
  • 1977Cristie Kerr, American golfer
  • 1977 – Bode Miller, American skier
  • 1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978Stefan Binder, German footballer
  • 1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1979Steven Agnew, Northern Irish politician
  • 1979 – Steve Borthwick, English rugby player
  • 1979 – Jordan Pundik, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980Ledley King, English footballer
  • 1981Tom Guiry, American actor
  • 1981 – Brian Kerr, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Lanzone, American rower
  • 1981 – Conrad Smith, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Sun Tiantian, Chinese tennis player
  • 1983Alex Brosque, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Carlton Cole, English footballer
  • 1983 – Mariko Yamamoto, Japanese cricketer
  • 1985Michelle Carter, American shot putter
  • 1985 – Mike Green, Canadian hockey player
  • 1985 – Anna Iljuštšenko, Estonian high jumper
  • 1985Greig Laidlaw, Scottish rugby player[19]
  • 1986Ioannis Maniatis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1986 – Tyler Blackburn, American actor[20]
  • 1987Marvin Ogunjimi, Belgian footballer
  • 1988Sam Whitelock, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1988 – Calum Scott, British singer[21]
  • 1989Anna Ohmiya, Japanese curler
  • 1990Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1991Nicolao Dumitru, Italian footballer
  • 1992Josh Hutcherson, American actor and producer
  • 1994Alex Katz, American baseball player
  • 1994 – Sean Monahan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1994 – Olivia Smoliga, American swimmer
  • 1995Jessica Hogg, Welsh artistic gymnast[22]
  • 1996James Graham, British singer
  • 1996Owen Watkin, Welsh rugby player[23]
  • 1997Curtis Scott, Australian rugby league player
  • 2002Iris Apatow, American actress
  • 2004Darci Lynne, American ventriloquist[24]

Deaths

  • 322 BCDemosthenes, Athenian statesman, (b. 384 BC)
  • 638Honorius I, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 642John IV, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 884Tsunesada, Japanese prince (b. 825)
  • 1095Leopold II, margrave of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1152Adolf III of Berg, German nobleman (b. 1080)
  • 1176William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. 1109)
  • 1320Michael IX Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1277)
  • 1328Clementia of Hungary, queen consort of France and Navarre (b. 1293)
  • 1448Zhu Quan, Chinese prince, historian and playwright (b. 1378)
  • 1491Fritz Herlen, German painter (b. 1449)
  • 1492Piero della Francesca, Italian mathematician and painter (b. 1415)
  • 1565Jean Ribault, French-American lieutenant and navigator (b. 1520)
  • 1576Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
  • 1590Kanō Eitoku, Japanese painter and educator (b. 1543)
  • 1600Luis de Molina, Spanish priest and philosopher (b. 1535)
  • 1601Nicholas Brend, English landowner (b. 1560)
  • 1632Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646François de Bassompierre, French general and courtier (b. 1579)
  • 1654Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter (b. 1622)
  • 1678Edmund Berry Godfrey, English lawyer and judge (b. 1621)
  • 1679William Gurnall, English minister, theologian, and author (b. 1617)
  • 1685Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian lawyer and jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730Frederick IV, king of Denmark and Norway (b. 1671)
  • 1758Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, Irish field marshal and politician (b. 1680)
  • 1812Juan José Castelli, Argentinian lawyer and politician (b. 1764)
  • 1845Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, Quaker and philanthropist (b. 1780)[25]
  • 1858Hiroshige, Japanese painter (b. 1797)
  • 1870Robert E. Lee, American general (b. 1807)
  • 1875Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish lawyer and politician, 9th Council President of Denmark (b. 1817)
  • 1898Calvin Fairbank, American minister and activist (b. 1816)
  • 1914Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1915Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1923Bunny Lucas, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1924Anatole France, French journalist, novelist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1926Edwin Abbott Abbott, English theologian and author (b. 1838)
  • 1933John Lister, English philanthropist and politician (b. 1847)
  • 1940Tom Mix, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1946Joseph Stilwell, American general (b. 1883)
  • 1948Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885)
  • 1954George Welch, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer and painter (b. 1872)
  • 1957Arie de Jong, Indonesian-Dutch linguist and physician (b. 1865)
  • 1958Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1964John Watkins, Canadian diplomat (b. 1902)
  • 1965Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1967Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian activist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1969Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater and actress (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French painter and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Julius Saaristo, Finnish javelin thrower and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1970Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky, Russian-American illustrator and painter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1971Dean Acheson, American lawyer and politician, 51st United States Secretary of State (b. 1893)
  • 1971 – Gene Vincent, American musician (b. 1935)
  • 1972Robert Le Vigan, French-Argentinian actor and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1973Peter Aufschnaiter, Austrian mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (b. 1899)
  • 1978Nancy Spungen, American figure of the 1970s punk rock scene (b. 1958)
  • 1984Anthony Berry, English politician (b. 1925)
  • 1985Johnny Olson, American radio host and game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Ricky Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1987Alf Landon, American lieutenant and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (b. 1887)
  • 1987 – Fahri Korutürk, Turkish commander and politician, 6th President of Turkey (b. 1903)
  • 1988Ruth Manning-Sanders, Welsh-English poet and author (b. 1886)
  • 1988 – Coby Whitmore, American painter and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 1989Jay Ward, American animator, producer, and screenwriter, founded Jay Ward Productions (b. 1920)
  • 1990Rifaat el-Mahgoub, Egyptian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1990 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian physician, mountaineer, and author (b. 1899)
  • 1991Sheila Florance, Australian actress (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian author and translator (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1993Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1994Gérald Godin, Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996René Lacoste, French tennis player and fashion designer, co-founded Lacoste (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1997John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1943)
  • 1998Mario Beaulieu, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Robert Marsden Hope, Australian lawyer and judge (b. 1919)
  • 2001Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Hikmet Şimşek, Turkish conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Richard Buckle, Ballet critic and writer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 –Afsar Ahmad Siddiqui, Bangladesh politician (b. 1935)
  • 2002Ray Conniff, American bandleader and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Audrey Mestre, French biologist and diver (b. 1974)
  • 2003Jim Cairns, Australian economist and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Bill Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005C. Delores Tucker, American activist and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2006Angelika Machinek, German glider pilot (b. 1956)[26]
  • 2006. – Eugène Martin, French race car driver (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 2007Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect, designed the Nakagin Capsule Tower (b. 1934)
  • 2008Karl Chircop, Maltese physician and politician (b. 1965)
  • 2009Dickie Peterson American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1948)
  • 2009 – Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist (b. 1974)
  • 2010Austin Ardill, Northern Irish soldier and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Woody Peoples, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Belva Plain, American author (b. 1919)
  • 2011Patricia Breslin, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (b. 1941)
  • 2012James Coyne, Canadian lawyer and banker, 2nd Governor of the Bank of Canada (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Norm Grabowski, American hot rod builder and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sukhdev Singh Kang, Indian judge and politician, 14th Governor of Kerala (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Torkom Manoogian, Iraqi-Armenian patriarch (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Erik Moseholm, Danish bassist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Břetislav Pojar, Czech animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013George Herbig, American astronomer and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Hans Wilhelm Longva, Norwegian diplomat (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Malcolm Renfrew, American chemist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2014Ali Mazrui, Kenyan-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Graham Miles, English snooker player (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Roberto Telch, Argentinian footballer and coach (b. 1943)
  • 2015Abdallah Kigoda, Tanzanian politician, 8th Tanzanian Minister of Industry and Trade (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Joan Leslie, American actress, dancer, and vaudevillian (b. 1925)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Louis Brisson
    • Edith Cavell and Elizabeth Fry (Church of England)
    • Fiacc
    • Our Lady of the Pillar (Fiestas del Pilar)
    • Our Lady of Aparecida
    • Radim Gaudentius (Czech Republic)
    • Seraphin of Montegranaro
    • Wilfrid of Ripon
    • October 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Children's Day (Brazil)
  • Discovery of America by Columbus-related observances (see also October 8):
    • Columbus Day (Honduras)
    • Día de la Hispanidad or Fiesta Nacional de España, also Armed Forces Day (Spain)
    • Día de la Raza (El Salvador, Uruguay)
    • Día de la Resistencia Indígena, "Day of Indigenous Resistance" (Venezuela)
    • Día de las Américas (Belize)
    • Día de las Culturas, "Day of the Cultures" (Costa Rica)
    • Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural, "Day of respect for cultural diversity" (Argentina)
  • Discovery Day (The Bahamas, Colombia)
  • Feast for Life of Aleister Crowley, celebrated as "Crowleymas" (Thelema)
  • Fiesta Nacional de España (Spain)
  • Freethought Day
  • Independence Day (Equatorial Guinea), celebrates the independence of Equatorial Guinea from Spain in 1968.
  • UN Spanish Language Day (United Nations)
  • International Day Against DRM[27]

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  14. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  15. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  16. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  17. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  18. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  19. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  20. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  21. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  22. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  23. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  24. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  25. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  26. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  27. Software Freedom Podcast #1 on Day Against DRM with Cory Doctorow

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


{{{header}}}
{{{body}}}