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Events

  • 331 BCAlexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 366Pope Damasus I is elected.
  • 959Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England.
  • 965Pope John XIII is elected.
  • 1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
  • 1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – The Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) annexed by Revolutionary France
  • 1800Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso.
  • 1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
  • 1827Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
  • 1829South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; it will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1832Texian political delegates convened at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
  • 1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London.
  • 1854 – The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American system of watch manufacturing.
  • 1880 – First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison.
  • 1887Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891Stanford University opens its doors in California.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1908Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
  • 1910Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, killing 21.
  • 1918World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia", capture Damascus.
  • 1920 – Sir Percy Cox lands in Basra to assume his responsibilities as High Commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its First five-year plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
  • 1931 – Spain adopted women's suffrage.
  • 1936Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1937 – The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile Nazi forces enter the city.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942Template:Ship torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she is carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
  • 1943World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
  • 1946Nazi leaders are sentenced at Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied occupied Korea.
  • 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People's Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.
  • 1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958NASA is created to replace NACA.
  • 1960Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1962 – First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1965 – General Suharto puts down an apparent coup attempt by the 30 September Movement in Indonesia.
  • 1966West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatalities and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • 1969Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1971 – The first brain-scan using x-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
  • 1975 – The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
  • 1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, Jr. (Booker T. & the M.G.'s), was shot fatally five times in the back in his own home.
  • 1978Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1978 – The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • 1979Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
  • 1979 – The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
  • 1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama.
  • 1982Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
  • 1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
  • 1985 – The Israeli Air Force bombs Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) headquarters in Tunis.
  • 1987 – The 5.9 Mw Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).
  • 1989 – Denmark introduces the world's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership".
  • 1991 – The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
  • 1994Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).
  • 2001 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Srinagar, Kashmir, killing 38.
  • 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
  • 2012 – A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
  • 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in the village of Gorni Lom in Northwestern Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
  • 2015Umpqua Community College shooting: a gunman killed nine people at a community college in Roseburg, Oregon.
  • 2015 – Heavy rains triggered a major landslide in the village of El Cambray Dos within Santa Catarina Pinula, killing 280 people.

Births

  • 86 BCSallust, Roman historian (d. 34 BC)
  • 208Alexander Severus, Roman emperor (d. 235)
  • 1207Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1507Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, designed the Church of the Gesù (d. 1573)
  • 1540Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1620Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1671Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1742)
  • 1685Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691Arthur Onslow, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (d. 1768)
  • 1712William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)
  • 1724Giovanni Battista Cirri, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1729Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German organist and composer (d. 1777)
  • 1730Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1781)
  • 1760William Thomas Beckford, English author and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1762Anton Bernolák, Slovak priest and linguist (d. 1813)
  • 1771Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859)
  • 1808Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)
  • 1832Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)
  • 1835Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and anatomist (d. 1920)
  • 1842S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist (d. 1924)
  • 1842Charles Cros, French poet and author (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Nectarios of Aegina, Greek metropolitan and saint (d. 1920)
  • 1847Annie Besant, English-Indian activist and author (d. 1933)
  • 1865Paul Dukas, French composer, scholar, and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1878Othmar Spann, Austrian economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1881William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956)
  • 1885Louis Untermeyer, American poet, anthologist, critic (d. 1977)
  • 1887Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • 1890Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893Cliff Friend, American pianist and songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Yip Man, Chinese martial artist (d. 1972)
  • 1894Edgar Krahn, Estonian mathematician and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1895Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896Ted Healy, American actor and singer-screenwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1899Ernest Haycox, American author (d. 1950)
  • 1900Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Pierre Veyron, French race car driver (d. 1970)
  • 1904Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-English physicist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A. K. Gopalan, Indian educator and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1906S. D. Burman, Indian composer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1907Maurice Bardèche, French journalist, author, and critic (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1908Herman David Koppel, Danish pianist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1909Sam Yorty, American captain and politician, 37th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910Bonnie Parker, American criminal (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician and pathologist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1911Irwin Kostal, American songwriter, screenwriter, and publisher (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 2004)
  • 1912Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester (d. 2014)
  • 1913Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Harry Lookofsky, American violinist and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1914Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, lawyer, and author, 12th Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1915Jerome Bruner, American psychologist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1917Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and theologian (d. 2009)
  • 1919Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1920David Herbert Donald, American historian and author (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921James Whitmore, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1922Chen-Ning Yang, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924Jimmy Carter, American lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Bob Geigel, American wrestler and promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Leonie Kramer, Australian academic (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Roger Williams, American pianist (d. 2011)
  • 1927Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Sherman Glenn Finesilver, American lawyer and judge (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1928Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-English actor, director, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Zhu Rongji, Chinese engineer and politician, 5th Premier of the People's Republic of China
  • 1929Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1929 – Grady Chapman, American singer (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Bonnie Owens, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1930Frank Gardner, Australian race car driver and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani lawyer and politician, Mayor of Karachi
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931Sylvano Bussotti, Italian violinist and composer
  • 1931 – Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Alan Wagner, American radio host and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1932Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1934Emilio Botín, Spanish banker and businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1935Julie Andrews, English actress and singer
  • 1935 – Walter De Maria, American sculptor and drummer (d. 2013)
  • 1936Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937Saeed Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1938Tunç Başaran, Turkish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1938 – Mary McFadden, American fashion designer
  • 1938 – Stella Stevens, American actress and director
  • 1939George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1940Steve O'Rourke, English race car driver and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Marc Savoy, American accordion player, created the Cajun accordion
  • 1942Herb Fame, American R&B singer
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver and engineer
  • 1942 – Robert Lelièvre, French singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1942 – David Stancliffe, English bishop and scholar
  • 1942 – Günter Wallraff, German journalist and author
  • 1943Jean-Jacques Annaud, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist
  • 1945Rod Carew, Panamanian-American baseball player and coach
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1946Dave Holland, English bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1946 – Tim O'Brien, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1947Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Dalveer Bhandari, Indian lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Buzz Capra, American baseball player and coach
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor and director
  • 1947 – Nevill Drury, English-Australian journalist and publisher (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Martin Turner, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (d. 2006)
  • 1948Cub Koda, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1949Isaac Bonewits, American singer-songwriter, liturgist, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Sheila Gilmore, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – André Rieu, Dutch violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1950Elpida, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, English neuroscientist, academic, and politician
  • 1950 – Mark Helias, American bassist and composer
  • 1950 – Sigbjørn Johnsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1951Brian Greenway, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1952 – Bob Myrick, American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Ivan Sekyra, Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Earl Slick, American rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Viljar Loor, Estonian volleyball player (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Miguel Lopez, Salvadorian-American soccer player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian runner and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Klaus Wowereit, German civil servant and politician, Governing Mayor of Berlin
  • 1955Howard Hewett, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Morten Gunnar Larsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Jeff Reardon, American baseball player
  • 1956Andrus Ansip, Estonian engineer and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1956 – Theresa May, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1958Martin Cooper, English saxophonist, composer, and painter
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese bass player and producer
  • 1959Mark Aizlewood, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Brian P. Cleary, American author and poet
  • 1961Gary Ablett, Sr., Australian footballer
  • 1961 – Rico Constantino, American wrestler and manager
  • 1961 – Corrie van Zyl, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1962Attaphol Buspakom, Thai footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – Nico Claesen, Belgian footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964Max Matsuura, Japanese songwriter, producer, and manager
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-New Zealand chess player and author
  • 1964 – Christopher Titus, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966George Weah, Liberian footballer and politician
  • 1966 – José Ángel Ziganda, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1967Mike Pringle, American-Canadian football player
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968Sacha Dean Biyan, Canadian photographer and journalist
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, English race car driver
  • 1968 – Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Phil de Glanville, English rugby player
  • 1968 – Kevin Griffin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author and engineer
  • 1968 – Jay Underwood, American actor and pastor
  • 1969Zach Galifianakis, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli-American saxophonist and producer
  • 1969 – Marcus Stephen, Nauruan weightlifter and politician, 27th President of Nauru
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1970Simon Davey, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1971Yvette Hermundstad, Swedish journalist
  • 1971 – Andrew O'Keefe, Australian lawyer and television host
  • 1971 – Jim Serdaris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972Ronen Altman Kaydar, Israeli author and poet
  • 1972 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1972 – Esa Holopainen, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Nicky Morgan, British politician
  • 1973Christian Borle, American actor and singer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – John Mackey, American composer
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974Keith Duffy, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1974 – Nick Graham, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975Justin Leppitsch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1975 – Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer and coach
  • 1976Denis Gauthier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Richard Oakes, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Mark Švets, Estonian footballer
  • 1977Christel Takigawa, French-Japanese journalist
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978Nicole Atkins, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and journalist
  • 1978 – Joe Keith, English footballer
  • 1978 – Dominic Thornely, Australian cricketer
  • 1979Curtis Axel, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Ryan Pontbriand, American football player
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-Italian rugby player
  • 1980Sarah Drew, American actress
  • 1980 – Antonio Narciso, Italian footballer
  • 1981Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Donnelly, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Rupert Friend, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Gaby Mudingayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – David Yelldell, German-American soccer player
  • 1982Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Đuričić, Serbian author and playwright
  • 1983Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1983 – Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984Beck Bennett, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén Ruiz, Spanish footballer
  • 1985Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Tim Deasy, English footballer
  • 1986Ricardo Vaz Tê, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986 – Justin Westhoff, Australian footballer
  • 1987Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1987 – Lionel Ainsworth, English footballer
  • 1987 – Mitchell Aubusson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988Cariba Heine, South African-Australian actress and dancer
  • 1989Brie Larson, American actress
  • 1990Jan Kirchhoff, German footballer
  • 1990 – Pedro Filipe Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Albert Prosa, Estonian footballer
  • 1991Conor Clifford, Irish footballer
  • 1991 – Rain Veideman, Estonian basketball player
  • 1992Xander Bogaerts, Aruban baseball player
  • 1995Lauren Hill, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1996Melanie Stokke, Norwegian tennis player

Deaths

  • 686Emperor Tenmu of Japan (b. 631)
  • 804Richbod, archbishop of Trier
  • 895Kong Wei, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 959Eadwig, English king (b. 941)
  • 1040Alan III, Duke of Brittany (b. 997)
  • 1126Morphia of Melitene, Queen of Jerusalem
  • 1310Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1416Yaqub Spata, Albanian ruler
  • 1499Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500John Alcock, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1430)
  • 1567Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578John of Austria (b. 1547)
  • 1588Edward James, English priest and martyr (b. 1557)
  • 1602Hernando de Cabezón, Spanish organist and composer (b. 1541)
  • 1609Giammateo Asola, Italian priest and composer (b. 1532)
  • 1652Jan Asselijn, Dutch painter (d. 1610)
  • 1684Pierre Corneille, French playwright (b. 1606)
  • 1693Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian and academic (b. 1619)
  • 1708John Blow, English organist and composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1687)
  • 1788William Brodie, Scottish businessman and politician (b. 1741)
  • 1837Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and businessman (b. 1768)
  • 1864Rose O'Neal Greenhow, American spy (b. 1817)
  • 1878Mindon Min, Burmese king (b. 1808)
  • 1885John Light Atlee, American physician and surgeon (b. 1799)
  • 1901Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan emir (b. 1844)
  • 1913Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
  • 1942Ants Piip, Estonian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1884)
  • 1950Faik Ali Ozansoy, Turkish poet, educator, and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1951Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (b. 1878)
  • 1953John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955Charles Christie, American film producer, founded Christie Film Company (b. 1880)
  • 1957Abdülhalik Renda, Turkish civil servant and politician, 6th Turkish Minister of National Defence (b. 1881)
  • 1958Robert Falk, Russian painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1959Enrico De Nicola, Italian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Italy (b. 1877)
  • 1961Ludwig Bemelmans, Italian-American author and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1970Raúl Riganti, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1893)
  • 1972Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English archaeologist and paleontologist (b. 1903)
  • 1974Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1975Al Jackson, Jr., American drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1935)
  • 1984Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985Ninian Sanderson, Scottish race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1986Archie League, American air traffic controller (b. 1907)
  • 1988Sacheverell Sitwell, English author, poet, and critic (b. 1897)
  • 1990Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906)
  • 1992Petra Kelly, German activist and politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994Paul Lorenzen, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1997Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2002Walter Annenberg, American publisher and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1908)
  • 2004Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Robert Vaidlo, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2006Fawaz al-Rabeiee, Saudi Arabian terrorist (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American author and activist (b. 1938)
  • 2007Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian footballer and journalist (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (b. 1936)
  • 2008John Biddle, American cinematographer (b. 1925)
  • 2009Cintio Vitier, Cuban poet and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010Ian Buxton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1938)
  • 2011Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey player and golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2012Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian-English historian and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Mark R. Kravitz, American lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli economist and banker (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013Arnold Burns, American lawyer and politician, 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Israel Gutman, Polish-Israeli historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Ole Danbolt Mjøs, Norwegian physician, academic, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jim Rountree, American football player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2014Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – José Martínez, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Robert Serra, Venezuelan criminologist and politician (b. 1987)
  • 2015Božo Bakota, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (b. 1985)
  • 2015 – Jacob Pressman, American rabbi and academic, co-founded American Jewish University (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day (South Korea)
  • Children's Day (El Salvador, Guatemala, Sri Lanka)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abai (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Bavo of Ghent
    • Blessed Edward James
    • Nicetius (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Remigius
    • Thérèse of Lisieux
    • Protection/Patronage of the Theotokos (Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • October 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Prosecutors (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Children's Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of October. (Chile, Singapore)
  • Earliest day on which World Habitat Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of October. (International)
  • Ground Forces Day (Russia)
  • Independence Day (Cyprus), celebrates the independence of Cyprus from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day (Nigeria), celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day (Palau), celebrates the independence of Palau from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994.
  • Independence Day (Tuvalu), celebrates the independence of Tuvalu from United Kingdom in 1978.
  • International Coffee Day
  • International Day of Older Persons
  • International Music Day
  • National Coffee Day (Japan, Sri Lanka)
  • National Day of the People's Republic of China (China)
  • Pancasila Sanctity Day (Indonesia)
  • Teacher's Day (Uzbekistan)
  • Unification Day (Cameroon)
  • World Vegetarian Day (from North American Vegetarian Society)

External links

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