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Events

  • 694 – At the Seventeenth Council of Toledo, Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
  • 1277 – The Treaty of Aberconwy, a humiliating settlement forced on Llywelyn ap Gruffudd by King Edward I of England, brings a temporary end to the Welsh Wars.[1]
  • 1313Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gammelsdorf.
  • 1330 – At the Battle of Posada, Basarab I of Wallachia defeats the Hungarian army of Charles I Robert.
  • 1456Ulrich II, Count of Celje, last ruler of the County of Cilli, is assassinated in Belgrade.
  • 1520 – More than 50 people are sentenced and executed in the Stockholm Bloodbath
  • 1620Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
  • 1688Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter.
  • 1697Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • 1720 – The synagogue of Judah HeHasid is burned down by Arab creditors, leading to the expulsion of the Ashkenazim from Jerusalem.
  • 1729 – Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville.
  • 1780American Revolutionary War: In the Battle of Fishdam Ford a force of British and Loyalist troops fail in a surprise attack against the South Carolina Patriot militia under Brigadier General Thomas Sumter.
  • 1791 – Foundation of the Dublin Society of United Irishmen.
  • 1799Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming First Consul of the successor (Consulate Government).
  • 1851Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • 1861 – The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, Toronto.
  • 1862American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed.
  • 1867Tokugawa shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
  • 1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872.
  • 1881Mapuche rebels attack the fortified Chilean settlement of Temuco.[2]
  • 1883 – The 90th Winnipeg Battalion of Rifles, (later the Royal Winnipeg Rifles) of the Canadian Armed Forces is founded.
  • 1887 – The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • 1906Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
  • 1907 – The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
  • 1913 – The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, reaches its greatest intensity after beginning two days earlier. The storm destroys 19 ships and kills more than 250 people.
  • 1914Template:Ship is sunk by Template:HMAS in the Battle of Cocos.
  • 1918Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.
  • 1923 – In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey, by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1937Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Army withdraws from the Battle of Shanghai.
  • 1938 – The Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath dies from gunshot wounds by Herschel Grynszpan, an act which the Nazis used as an excuse to instigate the 1938 national pogrom, also known as Kristallnacht.
  • 1940Warsaw is awarded the Virtuti Militari.
  • 1953Cambodia gains independence from France.
  • 1960Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Company, the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he resigned to join the administration of newly elected John F. Kennedy.
  • 1963 – At Miike coal mine, Miike, Japan, an explosion kills 458, and hospitalises 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • 1965 – Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast blackout of 1965.
  • 1965 – A Catholic Worker Movement member, Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.
  • 1967Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida.
  • 1967 – The first issue of Rolling Stone magazine is published.
  • 1970Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6–3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
  • 1979Cold War: Nuclear false alarm: The NORAD computers and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Fort Ritchie, Maryland detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After reviewing the raw data from satellites and checking the early-warning radars, the alert is cancelled.
  • 1985Garry Kasparov, 22, of the Soviet Union becomes the youngest World Chess Champion by beating fellow Soviet Anatoly Karpov.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall: East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel to West Berlin.
  • 1993Stari Most, the "old bridge" in the Bosnian city of Mostar, built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing by Croat forces during the Croat–Bosniak War.
  • 1994 – The chemical element darmstadtium is discovered.
  • 1998 – A U.S. federal judge, in the largest civil settlement in American history, orders 37 U.S. brokerage houses to pay US$1.03 billion to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.
  • 1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.
  • 1999TAESA Flight 725 crashes after takeoff from Uruapan International Airport in Uruapan, Michoacán, Mexico, killing all 18 people on board.[3]
  • 2000Uttarakhand officially becomes the 27th state of India, formed from thirteen districts of northwestern Uttar Pradesh.[4]
  • 2004Firefox 1.0 is released.[5]
  • 2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • 2005 – Suicide bombers attack three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.
  • 2007 – The German Bundestag passes the controversial data retention bill mandating storage of citizens' telecommunications traffic data for six months without probable cause.
  • 2012 – A train carrying liquid fuel crashes and bursts into flames in northern Myanmar, killing 27 people and injuring 80 others.
  • 2012 – At least 27 people are killed and dozens are wounded in conflicts between inmates and guards at Welikada prison in Colombo.
  • 2019 – Kartarpur Corridor was started by India Pakistan.

Births

  • 955Gyeongjong, Korean king (d. 981)
  • 1383Niccolò III d'Este, Marquis of Ferrara (d. 1441)
  • 1389Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)
  • 1414Albrecht III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1486)
  • 1455Johann V of Nassau-Vianden-Dietz, Dutch count (d. 1516)
  • 1467Charles II, Duke of Guelders, count of Zutphen from 1492 (d. 1538)
  • 1467 – Philippa of Guelders, twin sister of Charles II, Dutch duchess consort (d. 1547)
  • 1522Martin Chemnitz, German astrologer and theologian (d. 1586)
  • 1535Nanda Bayin, king of Burma (d. 1600)
  • 1580Johannes Narssius, Dutch physician and poet (d. 1637)
  • 1606Hermann Conring, German philosopher and educator (d. 1681)
  • 1664Johann Speth, German organist and composer (d. 1719)
  • 1664 – Henry Wharton, English librarian and author (d. 1695)
  • 1683George II of Great Britain (d. 1760)[6]
  • 1697Claudio Casciolini, Italian singer and composer (d. 1760)
  • 1719Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Italian priest, theoretician, and academic (d. 1796)
  • 1721Mark Akenside, English physician and poet (d. 1770)
  • 1723Anna Amalia, Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1787)
  • 1731Benjamin Banneker, American farmer, surveyor, and author (d. 1806)
  • 1732Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse, French businesswoman and author (d. 1776)
  • 1773Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, Danish author (d. 1856)
  • 1799Gustav, Prince of Vasa (d. 1877)
  • 1801Gail Borden, American surveyor and publisher, invented condensed milk (d. 1874)
  • 1802Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American minister, journalist, and activist (d. 1837)
  • 1810Bernhard von Langenbeck, German general, surgeon, and academic (d. 1887)
  • 1818Ivan Turgenev, Russian author and playwright (d. 1883)
  • 1825A. P. Hill, American general (d. 1865)
  • 1829Peter Lumsden, English general (d. 1918)
  • 1832Émile Gaboriau, French author and journalist (d. 1873)
  • 1840Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 5th Premier of Quebec (d. 1898)
  • 1841Edward VII of the United Kingdom (d. 1910)
  • 1850Louis Lewin, German pharmacologist and academic (d. 1929)
  • 1853Stanford White, American architect and partner, co-founded McKim, Mead & White (d. 1906)
  • 1854Maud Howe Elliott, American activist and author (d. 1948)
  • 1862Gigo Gabashvili, Georgian painter and educator (d. 1936)
  • 1869Marie Dressler, Canadian-American actress and singer (d. 1934)
  • 1871Florence R. Sabin, American medical scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1872Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian author and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1873Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist and surgeon (d. 1941)
  • 1874Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist and academic (d. 1954)
  • 1877Enrico De Nicola, Italian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of the Italian Republic (d. 1959)
  • 1877 – Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistani philosopher, poet, and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1878Ahn Changho, Korean activist and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1879Jenő Bory, Hungarian architect and sculptor (d. 1959)
  • 1879 – S. O. Davies, Welsh union leader and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1879 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician (d. 1931)
  • 1880Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect, designed the red telephone box (d. 1960)
  • 1883Edna May Oliver, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1885Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor and educator (d. 1952)
  • 1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1886Ed Wynn, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1888Jean Monnet, French economist and diplomat (d. 1979)
  • 1891Louisa E. Rhine, American botanist and parapsychologist (d. 1983)
  • 1894Mae Marsh, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Dietrich von Choltitz, General of the German Army during World War II (d. 1966)
  • 1897Harvey Hendrick, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1897 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1900Oskar Loorits, Estonian author and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1902Anthony Asquith, English director and screenwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1904Viktor Brack, German SS officer (d. 1948)
  • 1904 – Heiti Talvik, Estonian poet (d. 1947)
  • 1905Erika Mann, German-Swiss actress and author (d. 1969)[7]
  • 1906Arthur Rudolph, German scientist and engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1913Paulene Myers, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1914Thomas Berry, American priest, historian, and theologian (d. 2009)
  • 1914 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-American actress and inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1915André François, Romanian-French illustrator, painter, and sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Sargent Shriver, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 21st United States Ambassador to France (d. 2011)
  • 1916Martha Settle Putney, American lieutenant, historian, and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1918Spiro Agnew, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Vice President of the United States (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Florence Chadwick, American swimmer (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Thomas Ferebee, American colonel (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Choi Hong Hi, South Korean general and martial artist, co-founded taekwondo (d. 2002)
  • 1919Eva Todor, Brazilian actress (d. 2017)
  • 1920Byron De La Beckwith, American assassin of Medgar Evers (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Philip G. Hodge, American engineer and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1921Pierrette Alarie, Canadian soprano and actress (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – Viktor Chukarin, Ukrainian gymnast and coach (d. 1984)
  • 1922Dorothy Dandridge, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1965)
  • 1922 – Raymond Devos, Belgian-French comedian and clown (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Imre Lakatos, Hungarian mathematician, philosopher, and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1923Alice Coachman, American high jumper (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Elizabeth Hawley, American-Nepali journalist and historian (d. 2018)
  • 1923 – James Schuyler, American poet and author (d. 1991)
  • 1924Robert Frank, Swiss-American photographer and director (d. 2019)
  • 1925Alistair Horne, English-American journalist, historian, and author (d. 2017)
  • 1926Vicente Aranda, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Luis Miguel Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)
  • 1928Anne Sexton, American poet and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1929Marc Favreau, Canadian actor and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Imre Kertész, Hungarian author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • 1931Whitey Herzog, American baseball player and manager
  • 1931 – George Witt, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Valery Shumakov, Russian surgeon and transplantologist (d. 2008)
  • 1933Ed Corney, American professional bodybuilder (d. 2019)
  • 1934Ingvar Carlsson, Swedish economist and politician, 29th Prime Minister of Sweden
  • 1934 – Ronald Harwood, South African author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Carl Sagan, American astronomer, astrophysicist, and cosmologist (d. 1996)
  • 1935Bob Gibson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1935 – David Wolfson, Baron Wolfson of Sunningdale, English businessman and politician
  • 1936Bob Graham, American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Florida
  • 1936 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian-Russian chess player and author (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Mary Travers, American singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1937Roger McGough, English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1937 – Donald Trelford, English journalist and academic
  • 1937 – Clyde Wells, Canadian lawyer and politician, 5th Premier of Newfoundland
  • 1938Ti-Grace Atkinson, American author and critic
  • 1939Paul Cameron, American psychologist and academic
  • 1939 – Bryan Davies, Baron Davies of Oldham, English academic and politician
  • 1941David Constant, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1941 – Tom Fogerty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1990)
  • 1941 – John Singleton, Australian businessman
  • 1942Victor Blank, English businessman and philanthropist
  • 1942 – Tom Weiskopf, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1944Chitresh Das, Indian dancer and choreographer (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Phil May, English singer-songwriter
  • 1945Moeletsi Mbeki, South African economist and academic
  • 1946Benny Mardones, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Marina Warner, English author and academic
  • 1947Robert David Hall, American actor, singer, and pianist
  • 1948Bille August, Danish director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Joe Bouchard, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1948 – Jane Humphries, English economist, historian, and academic
  • 1948 – Michel Pagliaro, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Luiz Felipe Scolari, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1950Parekura Horomia, New Zealand politician, 40th Minister of Māori Affairs (d. 2013)
  • 1951Lou Ferrigno, American bodybuilder and actor
  • 1952Sherrod Brown, American academic and politician
  • 1952 – Jim Riggleman, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1953Gaétan Hart, Canadian boxer
  • 1954Aed Carabao, Thai singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Bob Nault, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1960Andreas Brehme, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Demetra Plakas, American drummer
  • 1960 – Sarah Franklin, American-English anthropologist and academic
  • 1961Jill Dando, English journalist (d. 1999)
  • 1964Robert Duncan McNeill, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1965Daphne Guinness, English-Irish model and actress
  • 1965 – Andrei Lapushkin, Russian footballer
  • 1965 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh opera singer
  • 1967Ricky Otto, English footballer
  • 1968Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist and educator
  • 1968 – Colin Hay, English political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1969Sandra Denton, Jamaican-American rapper and actress
  • 1969 – Ramona Milano, Canadian actress
  • 1969 – Roxanne Shanté, American rapper
  • 1969 – Allison Wolfe, American singer-songwriter
  • 1970Nelson Diebel, American swimmer and coach
  • 1970 – Domino, American DJ and producer
  • 1970 – Guido Görtzen, Dutch volleyball player
  • 1970 – Bill Guerin, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Chris Jericho, American-Canadian wrestler
  • 1970 – Scarface, American rapper and producer
  • 1970 – Susan Tedeschi, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971David Duval, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Sabri Lamouchi, French footballer and manager
  • 1972Eric Dane, American actor
  • 1972 – Naomi Shindō, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1972 – Corin Tucker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973Alyson Court, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1973 – Nick Lachey, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1973 – Gabrielle Miller, Canadian actress and director
  • 1973 – Zisis Vryzas, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1974Alessandro Del Piero, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Giovanna Mezzogiorno, Italian actress
  • 1975Gareth Malone, English singer and conductor
  • 1975 – Mathew Sinclair, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1976Tochiazuma Daisuke, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1977Chris Morgan, English footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Omar Trujillo, Mexican footballer
  • 1978Steven López, American martial artist
  • 1978 – Even Ormestad, Norwegian bass player and producer
  • 1978 – Sisqó, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979Dave Bush, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Caroline Flack, English television presenter, radio presenter, and model (d. 2020)
  • 1979 – Adam Dunn, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Martin Taylor, English footballer
  • 1980James Harper, English footballer
  • 1980 – Vanessa Lachey, Filipino-American television host and actress
  • 1980 – Dominique Maltais, Canadian snowboarder
  • 1981Eyedea, American rapper and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1981 – Kane Waselenchuk, Canadian racquetball player
  • 1981 – Jobi McAnuff, Jamaican footballer
  • 1982Boaz Myhill, American-Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Jana Pittman, Australian hurdler
  • 1983Rob Elloway, German rugby player
  • 1983 – Ted Potter Jr., American golfer
  • 1983 – Michael Turner, English footballer
  • 1984Delta Goodrem, Australian singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress
  • 1984 – Seven, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor
  • 1985Bakary Soumaré, Malian footballer
  • 1986Carl Gunnarsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1987Raul Must, Estonian badminton player
  • 1988Nikki Blonsky, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1988 – Analeigh Tipton, American model and actress
  • 1989Baptiste Giabiconi, French model and singer
  • 1990Nosa Igiebor, Nigerian footballer
  • 1993Pete Dunne, English wrestler and promoter
  • 1996Momo Hirai, Japanese singer[8]

Deaths

  • 959Constantine VII, Byzantine emperor (b. 905)
  • 1034Oldřich, Duke of Bohemia (b. c. 975)
  • 1187Emperor Gaozong of Song (b. 1107)
  • 1208Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon (b. 1154)
  • 1261Sanchia of Provence, queen consort of Germany
  • 1286Roger Northwode, English statesman (b. 1230)
  • 1312Otto III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1261)
  • 1321Walter Langton, bishop of Lichfield and treasurer of England (b. 1243)
  • 1456Ulrich II, Count of Celje (b. 1406)
  • 1492Jami, Persian poet (b. 1414)
  • 1596George Peele, English translator, poet, and dramatist (b. 1556)
  • 1623William Camden, English historian and topographer (b. 1551)
  • 1641Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1610)
  • 1677Aert van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
  • 1766Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer and diplomat (b. 1692)
  • 1770John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish general and politician (b. 1693)
  • 1778Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian sculptor and illustrator (b. 1720)
  • 1801Carl Stamitz, German-Czech violinist and composer (b. 1745)
  • 1848Robert Blum, German poet and politician (b. 1810)
  • 1854Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, wife/widow of Alexander Hamilton and co-founder of the first private orphanage in New York (b. 1757)
  • 1880Edwin Drake, American businessman (b. 1819)
  • 1911Howard Pyle, American author and illustrator (b. 1853)
  • 1918Guillaume Apollinaire, Italian-French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1880)
  • 1918 – Peter Lumsden, English general (b. 1829)
  • 1919Eduard Müller, Swiss lawyer and politician, 26th President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1848)
  • 1924Henry Cabot Lodge, American historian and politician (b. 1850)
  • 1932Nadezhda Alliluyeva, second wife of Joseph Stalin (b. 1901)
  • 1937Ramsay MacDonald, Scottish journalist and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1866)
  • 1938Vasily Blyukher, Russian marshal (b. 1889)
  • 1940Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese-American bishop (b. 1876)
  • 1940 – Neville Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1869)
  • 1942Charles Courtney Curran, American painter (b. 1861)
  • 1942 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1944Frank Marshall, American chess player and theoretician (b. 1877)
  • 1951Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-American pianist and composer (b. 1887)
  • 1952Philip Murray, Scottish-American labor leader (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Chaim Weizmann, Belarusian-Israeli chemist, academic, and politician, 1st President of Israel (b. 1874)
  • 1953Louise DeKoven Bowen, American philanthropist and activist (b. 1859)
  • 1953 – Ibn Saud, Saudi Arabian king (b. 1880)
  • 1953 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1956Aino Kallas, Finnish-Estonian author (b. 1878)
  • 1957Peter O'Connor, Irish long jumper (b. 1872)
  • 1962Dhondo Keshav Karve, Indian activist and academic (b. 1858)
  • 1968Jan Johansson, Swedish pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1970Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician, 18th President of France (b. 1890)
  • 1971Maude Fealy, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1972Victor Adamson; American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1890)
  • 1976Armas Taipale, Finnish discus thrower and shot putter (b. 1890)
  • 1977Fred Haney, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1985Marie-Georges Pascal, French actress (b. 1946)
  • 1988David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and priest (b. 1924)
  • 1988 – John N. Mitchell, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 67th United States Attorney General (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Rosemary Timperley, English author and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 1989Bill Neilson, Australian politician, 34th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1925)
  • 1991Yves Montand, Italian-French actor (b. 1921)
  • 1992Charles Fraser-Smith, English missionary and author (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – William Hillcourt, Danish-American scout leader and author (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – T. Sivasithamparam, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1926)
  • 1993Ross Andru, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 1996Joe Ghiz, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 27th Premier of Prince Edward Island (b. 1945)
  • 1997Carl Gustav Hempel, German philosopher from the Vienna and the Berlin Circle (b. 1905)
  • 1997 – Helenio Herrera, Argentinian-Italian footballer and manager (b. 1910)
  • 1999Mabel King, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2000Sherwood Johnston, American race car driver (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Eric Morley, English television host, founded Miss World (b. 1918)
  • 2001Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and curator (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Giovanni Leone, Italian lawyer and politician, 6th President of Italy (b. 1908)
  • 2002William Schutz, American psychologist and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2003Art Carney, American actor and comedian (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Gordon Onslow Ford, English-American painter (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Binod Bihari Verma, Indian physician and author (b. 1937)
  • 2004Iris Chang, American historian, journalist, and author (b. 1968)
  • 2004 – Emlyn Hughes, English footballer and manager (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Stieg Larsson, Swedish journalist and author (b. 1954)
  • 2005K. R. Narayanan, Indian journalist and politician, 10th President of India (b. 1921)
  • 2006Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Ellen Willis, American journalist and activist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Markus Wolf, German intelligence officer (b. 1923)
  • 2008Hans Freeman, Australian bioinorganic chemist and protein crystallographer (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – Huda bin Abdul Haq, Indonesian terrorist (b. 1960)
  • 2008 – Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, Indonesian terrorist (b. 1962)
  • 2008 – Miriam Makeba, South African singer and activist (b. 1932)
  • 2012Milan Čič, Slovak lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Slovak Socialist Republic (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Joseph D. Early, American soldier and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sergey Nikolsky, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1905)
  • 2012 – James L. Stone, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1922)
  • 2013Savaş Ay, Turkish journalist (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Helen Eadie, Scottish politician (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Grethe Rytter Hasle, Norwegian biologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Kalaparusha Maurice McIntyre, American saxophonist (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Steve Prescott, English rugby player (b. 1973)
  • 2013 – Emile Zuckerkandl, Austrian-American biologist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014Rubén Alvarez, Argentinian golfer (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Saud bin Muhammed Al Thani, Qatari prince (b. 1966)[9]
  • 2014 – R. A. Montgomery, American author and publisher (b. 1936)[10]
  • 2014 – Myles Munroe, Bahamian pastor and author (b. 1954)[11]
  • 2014 – Orlando Thomas, American football player (b. 1972)[12]
  • 2014 – Joe Walsh, Irish politician, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine (b. 1943)[13]
  • 2015Carol Doda, American actress and dancer (b. 1937)[14]
  • 2015 – Ernst Fuchs, Austrian painter, sculptor, and illustrator (b. 1930)[15]
  • 2015 – Tommy Hanson, American baseball player (b. 1986)[16]
  • 2015 – Byron Krieger, American fencer (b. 1920)[17]
  • 2015 – Andy White, Scottish drummer (b. 1930)[18]
  • 2016Greg Ballard, American basketball player and coach (b. 1955)[19]
  • 2017Chuck Mosley, American singer songwriter (b. 1959)[20]
  • 2017 – Shyla Stylez, Canadian pornographic actress (b. 1982)[21]

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of Muhammad Iqbal (Pakistan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Benignus of Armagh
    • Dedication of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Cathedral of the Pope (memorial feast day)
    • Margery Kempe (Church of England)
    • Martin Chemnitz (Lutheran)
    • Theodore of Amasea (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Vitonus
    • November 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the Skulls or Script error: No such module "lang". (Bolivia)
  • Flag Day (Azerbaijan)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Cambodia from France in 1953.
  • Inventors' Day (Germany, Austria, Switzerland)
  • Uttarakhand Day (Uttarakhand, India)
  • World Freedom Day (United States)

See also

  • November 9 in German history

References

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  6. Cannon, John (2004) "George II (1683–1760)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 16 August 2011 Template:Doi Template:ODNBsub
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  15. "Austrian painter Ernst Fuchs dies aged 85." Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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