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Events

  • 1707 – The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
  • 1718 – King Charles XII of Sweden dies during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten in Norway.
  • 1782American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris: In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
  • 1786 – The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under Pietro Leopoldo I, becomes the first modern state to abolish the death penalty (later commemorated as Cities for Life Day).
  • 1803 – In New Orleans, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.
  • 1829First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, five years to the day from the ground breaking.
  • 1853Crimean War: Battle of Sinop: The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.
  • 1864American Civil War: The Confederate Army of Tennessee suffers heavy losses in an attack on the Union Army of the Ohio in the Battle of Franklin.
  • 1868 – A statue of King Charles XII of Sweden is inaugurated in Stockholm's Kungsträdgården.
  • 1872 – The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.
  • 1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.
  • 1916Costa Rica signs the Buenos Aires Convention, a copyright treaty.
  • 1934 – The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.
  • 1936 – In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.
  • 1939Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.
  • 1942World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga; A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizō Tanaka defeats a U.S. cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.
  • 1947Civil War in Mandatory Palestine begins, leading up to the creation of the state of Israel.
  • 1953Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
  • 1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap; this is the only documented case in the Western Hemisphere of a human being hit by a rock from space.
  • 1966Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its first chairman.
  • 1967 – Pro-Soviet communists in the Philippines establish Malayang Pagkakaisa ng Kabataan Pilipino as its new youth wing.
  • 1971Iran seizes the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.
  • 1972Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam because troop levels are now down to 27,000.
  • 1981Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe. (The meetings end inconclusively on December 17.)
  • 1982Michael Jackson's sixth solo studio album, Thriller is released worldwide. It will become the best-selling record album in history.
  • 1994Template:MS catches fire off the coast of Somalia.
  • 1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
  • 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland and speaks in favour of the "Northern Ireland peace process" to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall; he calls terrorists "yesterday's men".
  • 1998Exxon and Mobil sign a US$73.7 billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.
  • 1999 – In Seattle, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
  • 1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.
  • 2005John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.
  • 2012 – An Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane belonging to Aéro-Service, crashes into houses near Maya-Maya Airport during a thunderstorm, killing at least 32 people.

Births

  • 539Gregory of Tours, French bishop and saint (d. 594)
  • 1310Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen (d. 1349)
  • 1340John, Duke of Berry (d. 1416)
  • 1364John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, Scottish soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1466Andrea Doria, Italian admiral (d. 1560)
  • 1498Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish captain and explorer (d. 1568)
  • 1508Andrea Palladio, Italian architect and theoretician, designed the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore and Teatro Olimpico (d. 1580)
  • 1554Philip Sidney, English soldier, courtier, and poet (d. 1586)
  • 1594John Cosin, English bishop and academic (d. 1672)
  • 1625Jean Domat, French scholar and jurist (d. 1696)
  • 1637Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian and author (d. 1698)
  • 1645Andreas Werckmeister, German organist, composer, and theorist (d. 1706)
  • 1667Jonathan Swift, Irish satirist and essayist (d. 1745)
  • 1670John Toland, Irish philosopher and author (d. 1722)
  • 1683Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (d. 1744)
  • 1719Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (d. 1772)
  • 1723William Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)
  • 1748Joachim Albertini, Italian-Polish composer (d. 1838)
  • 1756Ernst Chladni, German physicist and author (d. 1827)
  • 1764Franz Xaver Gerl, Austrian singer and composer (d. 1827)
  • 1768Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish physician, chemist, and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1781Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon, merchant, and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1791Count Franz Philipp von Lamberg, Austrian field marshal and politician (d. 1848)
  • 1796Carl Loewe, German singer, composer, and conductor (d. 1869)
  • 1810Oliver Winchester, American businessman and politician, founded the Winchester Repeating Arms Company (d. 1880)
  • 1813Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet and author (d. 1890)
  • 1813 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French pianist and composer (d. 1888)
  • 1817Theodor Mommsen, German jurist, historian, and scholar, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1903)
  • 1821Frederick Temple, English archbishop and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1825William-Adolphe Bouguereau, French painter and educator (d. 1905)
  • 1835Mark Twain, American novelist, humorist, and critic (d. 1910)
  • 1836Lord Frederick Cavendish, Anglo-Irish soldier and politician, Chief Secretary for Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1840Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founded Birks & Mayors (d. 1928)
  • 1847Afonso Pena, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 6th President of Brazil (d. 1909)
  • 1857Bobby Abel, English cricketer (d. 1936)
  • 1858Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, biologist, botanist, and archaeologist (d. 1937)
  • 1863Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino activist and politician, co-founded Katipunan (d. 1897)
  • 1866Andrey Lyapchev, Bulgarian politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (d. 1933)
  • 1869Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Northern Ireland (d. 1953)
  • 1872John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier, and poet (d. 1918)
  • 1873Božena Benešová, Czech author and poet (d. 1936)
  • 1874Winston Churchill, English colonel, journalist, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, English-Canadian author and poet (d. 1942)
  • 1875Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player (d. 1936)
  • 1875 – Otto Strandman, Estonian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1941)
  • 1883Gustav Suits, Estonian-Swedish poet and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1887Andrej Gosar, Slovenian economist, lawyer, and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1887 – Beatrice Kerr, Australian swimmer and diver (d. 1971)
  • 1888Harry Altham, English cricketer and coach (d. 1965)
  • 1889Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1889 – Reuvein Margolies, Ukrainian-Israeli author and scholar (d. 1971)
  • 1898Firpo Marberry, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976)
  • 1904Clyfford Still, American painter and educator (d. 1980)
  • 1906John Dickson Carr, American author and playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – Andrés Henestrosa, Mexican poet, linguist, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1907Jacques Barzun, French-American historian and author (d. 2012)
  • 1909Robert Nighthawk, American singer and guitarist (d. 1967)
  • 1912Jaan Hargel, Estonian flute player, conductor, and educator (d. 1966)
  • 1912 – Gordon Parks, American photographer and director (d. 2006)
  • 1915Brownie McGhee, American folk-blues singer and guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Henry Taube, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1916Dena Epstein, American musicologist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1918Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1919Jane C. Wright, American oncologist and cancer researcher (d. 2013)
  • 1920Virginia Mayo, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1924Elliott Blackstone, American police officer and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Shirley Chisholm, American activist, educator and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Allan Sherman, American actor, comedian, singer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1925William H. Gates, Sr., American lawyer and philanthropist
  • 1926Richard Crenna, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1927Robert Guillaume, American actor and singer
  • 1928Takako Doi, Japanese scholar and politician 68th Speaker of the House of Representatives of Japan (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Joe B. Hall, American basketball player and coach
  • 1928 – Andres Narvasa, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 19th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (d. 2013)
  • 1929Dick Clark, American television host and producer, founded Dick Clark Productions (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Joan Ganz Cooney, American screenwriter and producer, co-created Sesame Street
  • 1930G. Gordon Liddy, American lawyer, radio host, television actor and criminal
  • 1931Bill Walsh, American football player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Margot Zemach, American author and illustrator (d. 1989)
  • 1932Bob Moore, American bassist and bandleader
  • 1932 – Cho Nam-chul, South Korean Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933Norman Deeley, English footballer and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Sam Gilliam, American painter and educator
  • 1936Dmitri Anosov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist and author, co-founded the Youth International Party (d. 1989)
  • 1937Jimmy Bowen, American record producer, songwriter, and pop singer
  • 1937 – Praveen Chaudhari, Indian-American physicist and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Frank Ifield, English-Australian singer and guitarist
  • 1937 – Luther Ingram, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Ridley Scott, English director, producer, and production designer
  • 1937 – Tom Simpson, English cyclist (d. 1967)
  • 1937 – Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese-American physician and author
  • 1938Jean Eustache, French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1938 – John M. Goldman, English haematologist and oncologist (d. 2013)
  • 1940Kevin Phillips, American journalist and author
  • 1940 – Peter Shreeves, Welsh footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1940 – Dan Tieman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1941Phil Willis, Baron Willis of Knaresborough, English politician
  • 1943Terrence Malick, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1944George Graham, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1945Hilary Armstrong, Baroness Armstrong of Hill Top, English academic and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • 1945 – Roger Glover, Welsh bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1945 – John R. Powers, American author and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Stan Sulzmann, English saxophonist and educator
  • 1946George Duffield, English jockey and trainer
  • 1946 – Roxana Barry Robinson, American novelist and biographer
  • 1947Stuart Baird, English director and producer
  • 1947 – Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean-Swedish poet and translator
  • 1947 – David Mamet, American playwright, screenwriter, and director
  • 1949Jimmy London, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – Matthew Festing, 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
  • 1950Paul Westphal, American basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Daniel Petrie, Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952Semyon Bychkov, Russian-American conductor
  • 1952 – Keith Giffen, American author and illustrator
  • 1952 – Sagan Lewis, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1952 – Mandy Patinkin, American actor and singer
  • 1953Shuggie Otis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – June Pointer, American singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – David Sancious, American rock and jazz keyboard player and guitarist
  • 1954Wayne Bartholomew, Australian surfer
  • 1954 – Lawrence Summers, American economist and academic
  • 1955Michael Beschloss, American historian and author
  • 1955 – Richard Burr, American businessman, academic, and politician
  • 1955 – Kevin Conroy, American actor
  • 1955 – Andy Gray, Scottish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Billy Idol, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957John Ashton, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1957 – Richard Barbieri, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1957 – Joël Champetier, Canadian author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1957 – Patrick McLoughlin, English miner and politician, Secretary of State for Transport
  • 1957 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-Canadian comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Margaret Spellings, American educator and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Education
  • 1958Stacey Q, American pop singer-songwriter, dancer and actress
  • 1959Lorraine Kelly, Scottish journalist and actress
  • 1959 – Hugo Swire, English soldier and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • 1960Bill Halter, American scholar, activist, and politician, 14th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas
  • 1960 – Gary Lineker, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Bob Tewksbury, American baseball player and coach
  • 1961Innocent Egbunike, Nigerian sprinter and coach
  • 1961 – Ian Morris, Trinidadian footballer and sprinter
  • 1962Jimmy Del Ray, American wrestler and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1962 – Bo Jackson, American football and baseball player
  • 1962 – Daniel Keys Moran, American computer programmer and author
  • 1964Michael Cudlitz, American actor and producer
  • 1964 – Jushin Thunder Liger, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1965Lee Klein, American poet and curator
  • 1965 – David Laws, English banker and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • 1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor, director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1966Nigel Adams, English businessman and politician
  • 1966 – David Berkoff, American swimmer
  • 1966 – John Bishop, English comedian and actor
  • 1966 – Kipkemboi Kimeli, Kenyan runner (d. 2010)
  • 1966 – David Nicholls, English author and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mika Salo, Finnish race car driver
  • 1967Joseph Corré, English fashion designer and businessman, co-founded Agent Provocateur
  • 1967 – Rajiv Dixit, Indian author and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1967 – Richard Harry, Australian rugby player
  • 1968Des'ree, English singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Laurent Jalabert, French cyclist and sportscaster
  • 1969Marc Forster, German-Swiss director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Marc Goossens, Belgian race car driver
  • 1969 – Mike Stone, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Chris Weitz, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970Phil Babb, English footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Walter Emanuel Jones, American actor and dancer
  • 1971Ray Durham, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Iván Rodríguez, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1972Dan Jarvis, English soldier and politician
  • 1972 – Stanislav Kitto, Estonian footballer
  • 1972 – Abel Xavier, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1973Christian, Canadian-American wrestler and actor
  • 1973 – John Moyer, American bass player
  • 1975Mindy McCready, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1975 – Ben Thatcher, English footballer
  • 1976Marta Burgay, Italian astronomer
  • 1976 – Marco Castro, Peruvian-American director and cinematographer
  • 1976 – Josh Lewsey, English rugby player
  • 1976 – Paul Nuttall, British politician
  • 1977Richard Elias Anderson, Canadian basketball player and coach
  • 1977 – Steve Aoki, American DJ and producer, founded Dim Mak Records
  • 1977 – Iván Guerrero, Honduran footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Kazumi Saito, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Olivier Schoenfelder, French ice dancer and coach
  • 1978Clay Aiken, American singer
  • 1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor and director
  • 1978 – Benjamin Lense, German footballer
  • 1978 – Emil Steiner, American journalist and author
  • 1979Chris Atkinson, Australian race car driver
  • 1979 – Andrés Nocioni, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1980Cem Adrian, Turkish singer-songwriter, producer, and director
  • 1980 – Jamie Ashdown, English footballer
  • 1980 – Shane Victorino, American baseball player
  • 1981Rich Harden, Canadian baseball player
  • 1982Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Tony Giarratano, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Jason Pominville, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983Adrian Cristea, Romanian footballer
  • 1983 – Vladislav Polyakov, Kazakh swimmer
  • 1984Nigel de Jong, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Alan Hutton, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Olga Rypakova, Kazakhstani triple jumper
  • 1984 – Francisco Sandaza, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Gergana, Bulgarian pop-folk singer
  • 1985Kaley Cuoco, American actress
  • 1985 – Hikari Mitsushima, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1986Jordan Farmar, American basketball player
  • 1987Vasilisa Bardina, Russian tennis player
  • 1987 – Naomi Knight, American wrestler, model, and dancer
  • 1987 – Dougie Poynter, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1988Phillip Hughes, Australian cricketer (d. 2014)
  • 1988 – Vitaliy Polyanskyi, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1988 – Tomi Saarelma, Finnish footballer
  • 1989Vladimír Weiss, Slovak footballer
  • 1990Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess player
  • 1990 – Antoine N'Gossan, Ivorian footballer
  • 1991Agnatius Paasi, Tongan rugby league player
  • 1993Yuri Chinen, Japanese idol
  • 1994Sofia Araújo, Portuguese tennis player
  • 1995Seb Morris, Welsh race car driver

Deaths

  • 1016Edmund Ironside, English king (b. 993)
  • 1525Guillaume Crétin, French poet (b. c. 1460)
  • 1526Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, Italian captain (b. 1498)
  • 1580Richard Farrant, English playwright and composer (b. 1530)
  • 1600Nanda Bayin, Burmese king (b. 1535)
  • 1623Thomas Weelkes, English organist and composer (b. 1576)
  • 1647Bonaventura Cavalieri, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1598)
  • 1654John Selden, English jurist and scholar (b. 1584)
  • 1675Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, English lawyer and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1605)
  • 1703Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (b. 1672)
  • 1718Charles XII of Sweden (b. 1682)
  • 1761John Dollond, English optician and astronomer (b. 1706)
  • 1765George Glas, Scottish merchant and explorer (b. 1725)
  • 1864Patrick Cleburne, Irish-American general (b. 1828)
  • 1873Alexander Berry, Scottish-Welsh surgeon, merchant, and explorer (b. 1781)
  • 1892Dimitrios Valvis, Greek judge and politician, 69th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1814)
  • 1900Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright, novelist, and poet (b. 1854)
  • 1901Edward John Eyre, English explorer and politician, Governor of Jamaica (b. 1815)
  • 1908Nishinoumi Kajirō I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 16th Yokozuna (b. 1855)
  • 1920Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian general (b. 1867)
  • 1923John Maclean, Scottish educator and activist (b. 1879)
  • 1930Ponnambalam Ramanathan, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 3rd Solicitor General of Sri Lanka (b. 1851)
  • 1931Henry Walters, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1848)
  • 1933Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
  • 1934Hélène Boucher, French pilot (b. 1908)
  • 1935Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet, philosopher, and critic (b. 1888)
  • 1942Anthony M. Rud, American journalist and author (b. 1893)
  • 1943Etty Hillesum, Dutch author (b. 1914)
  • 1944Paul Masson, French cyclist (b. 1876)
  • 1953Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1879)
  • 1954Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor and composer (b. 1886)
  • 1955Josip Štolcer-Slavenski, Croatian composer and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1958Hubert Wilkins, Australian pilot, ornithologist, geographer, and explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1966Salah Suheimat, Jordanian lawyer and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1967Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet and author (b. 1904)
  • 1972Compton Mackenzie, English-Scottish actor, author, and academic (b. 1883)
  • 1977Terence Rattigan, English playwright and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1979Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
  • 1987Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist and author (b. 1913)
  • 1988Pannonica de Koenigswarter, English-American singer-songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1989Ahmadou Ahidjo, Cameroonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Cameroon (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Alfred Herrhausen, German banker (b. 1930)
  • 1992Peter Blume, American painter and sculptor (b. 1906)
  • 1993David Houston, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 1994Guy Debord, French theorist and author (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – Lionel Stander, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1996Tiny Tim, American singer and ukulele player (b. 1932)
  • 1997Kathy Acker, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1947)
  • 1998Margaret Walker, American author and poet (b. 1915)
  • 1999Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2000Eloise Jarvis McGraw, American author (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Scott Smith, Canadian bass player (b. 1955)
  • 2003Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)
  • 2004Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Seungsahn, South Korean spiritual leader, founded the Kwan Um School of Zen (b. 1927)
  • 2005Jean Parker, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2006Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and songwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Rafael Buenaventura, Filipino banker (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Shirley Walker, American composer and conductor (b. 1945)
  • 2007Engin Arık, Turkish physicist and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle rider and stuntman (b. 1938)
  • 2008Munetaka Higuchi, Japanese drummer and producer (b. 1958)
  • 2010Rajiv Dixit, Indian author and activist (b. 1967)
  • 2010 – Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)
  • 2012Rogelio Álvarez, Cuban-American baseball player (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – I. K. Gujral, Indian lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of India (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Munir Malik, Pakistani cricketer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Susil Moonesinghe, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 4th Chief Minister of Western Province (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Homer R. Warner, American cardiologist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2013Paul Crouch, American broadcaster, co-founded Trinity Broadcasting Network (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Jean Kent, English actress (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Tabu Ley Rochereau, Congolese-Belgian singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Doriano Romboni, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1968)
  • 2013 – Paul Walker, American actor and producer (b. 1973)
  • 2014Qayyum Chowdhury, Bangladeshi painter and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Jarbom Gamlin, Indian lawyer and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Martin Litton, American rafter and environmentalist (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Anthony Dryden Marshall, American CIA officer and diplomat (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Go Seigen, Chinese-Japanese Go player (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – Kent Haruf American novelist (b. 1943)
  • 2015Pío Caro Baroja, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Minas Hatzisavvas, Greek actor and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Marcus Klingberg, Polish-Israeli physician and biologist (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Fatema Mernissi, Moroccan sociologist and author (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Eldar Ryazanov, Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Nigel Buxton, British travel writer and wine critic (b. 1924)


Holidays and observances

  • Bonifacio Day (Philippines)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Andrew and its related observances.
    • Joseph Marchand (one of Vietnamese Martyrs)
    • November 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Cities for Life Day (International)
  • Commemoration Day (United Arab Emirates)
  • Day to Mark the Departure and Expulsion of Jews from the Arab Countries and Iran (Israel)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Barbados from the United Kingdom in 1966
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of South Yemen from the United Kingdom in 1967
  • National Day (Benin)
  • Regina Mundi Day (South Africa)

External links

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