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2021

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  2012 (Wednesday)
  2011 (Monday)

November 28 is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 33 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 587Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram of Burgundy recognizes Childebert II as his heir.
  • 936Shi Jingtang is enthroned as the first emperor of the Later Jin by Emperor Taizong of Liao, following a revolt against Emperor Fei of Later Tang.
  • 1443Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in central Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1470Champa–Đại Việt War: Emperor Lê Thánh Tông of Đại Việt formally launches his attack against Champa.
  • 1520 – An expedition under the command of Ferdinand Magellan passes through the Strait of Magellan.
  • 1582 – In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage licence.
  • 1627 – The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Navy has its greatest and last victory in the Battle of Oliwa.
  • 1660 – At Gresham College, twelve men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society.
  • 1666 – At least 3,000 men of the Royal Scots Army led by Tam Dalyell of the Binns defeat about 900 Covenanter rebels in the Battle of Rullion Green.
  • 1785 – The first Treaty of Hopewell is signed, by which the United States acknowledges Cherokee lands in what is now East Tennessee.
  • 1798 – Trade between the United States and modern-day Uruguay begins when John Leamy's frigate John arrives in Montevideo.[1]
  • 1811Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73, premieres at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig.
  • 1814The Times of London becomes the first newspaper to be produced on a steam-powered printing press, built by the German team of Koenig & Bauer.
  • 1821Panama Independence Day: Panama separates from Spain and joins Gran Colombia.
  • 1843Ka Lā Hui (Hawaiian Independence Day): The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • 1861American Civil War: The Confederate States of America accept a rival state government's pronouncement that declares Missouri to be the 12th state of the Confederacy.
  • 1862American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General James G. Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke's Confederates.
  • 1885 – Bulgarian victory in the Serbo-Bulgarian War preserves the Unification of Bulgaria.
  • 1893Women's suffrage in New Zealand concludes with the 1893 New Zealand general election.
  • 1895 – The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
  • 1899 – The Second Boer War: a British column is engaged by Boer forces at the Battle of Modder River; although the Boers withdraw, the British suffer heavy casualties.
  • 1905 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
  • 1908 – A mine explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania, kills 154 men, leaving only one survivor.
  • 1912Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 1917 – The Estonian Provincial Assembly declares itself the sovereign power of Estonia.
  • 1919Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit in the House of Commons. (Countess Markievicz, the first to be elected, refused to sit.)
  • 1920FIDAC (The Interallied Federation of War Veterans Organisations), the first international organization of war veterans is established in Paris, France
  • 1920 – Irish War of Independence: Kilmichael Ambush: The Irish Republican Army ambush a convoy of British Auxiliaries and kill seventeen.
  • 1925 – The Grand Ole Opry begins broadcasting in Nashville, Tennessee, as the WSM Barn Dance.
  • 1942 – In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 492 people.
  • 1943World War II: Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran, to discuss war strategy.
  • 1958Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
  • 1958 – First successful flight of SM-65 Atlas; the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), developed by the United States and the first member of the Atlas rocket family.[2]
  • 1960Mauritania becomes independent of France.
  • 1964Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippine President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
  • 1966Michel Micombero overthrows the monarchy of Burundi and makes himself the first president.
  • 1967 – The first pulsar (PSR B1919+21, in the constellation of Vulpecula) is discovered by two astronomers Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish.
  • 1971 – Fred Quilt, a leader of the Tsilhqot'in First Nation suffers severe abdominal injuries allegedly caused by Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers; he dies two days later.
  • 1971 – Wasfi al-Tal, Prime Minister of Jordan, is assassinated by the Black September unit of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
  • 1972 – Last executions in Paris: Claude Buffet and Roger Bontems are guillotined at La Santé Prison.
  • 1975East Timor declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1979Air New Zealand Flight 901, a DC-10 sightseeing flight over Antarctica, crashes into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 people on board.
  • 1980Iran–Iraq War: Operation Morvarid: The bulk of the Iraqi Navy is destroyed by the Iranian Navy in the Persian Gulf. (Commemorated in Iran as Navy Day.)
  • 1987South African Airways Flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on board.
  • 1989Cold War: Velvet Revolution: In the face of protests, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces it will give up its monopoly on political power.
  • 1990 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher resigns as leader of the Conservative Party and, therefore, as Prime Minister. She is succeeded in both positions by John Major.
  • 1991South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.
  • 2002 – Suicide bombers blow up an Israeli-owned hotel in Mombasa, Kenya; their colleagues fail in their attempt to bring down Arkia Israel Airlines Flight 582 with surface-to-air missiles.
  • 2014 – Gunmen set off three bombs at the central mosque in the northern Nigerian city of Kano killing at least 120 people.
  • 2016 – A chartered Avro RJ85 plane carrying at least 77 people, including the Chapecoense football team, crashes near Medellín, Colombia.

Births

  • 1118Manuel I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1180)
  • 1293Yesün Temür, Chinese emperor (d. 1328)
  • 1470Wen Zhengming, artist during the Ming dynasty (d. 1559)
  • 1475Anne Shelton, elder sister of Thomas Boleyn (d. 1555)
  • 1489Margaret Tudor, Queen of James IV of Scotland, daughter of Henry VII of England (d. 1541)
  • 1570James Whitelocke, English judge and politician, Chief Justice of Chester (d. 1632)
  • 1592Hong Taiji, Emperor of China (d. 1643)
  • 1598Hans Nansen, Danish lawyer and politician (d. 1667)
  • 1628John Bunyan, English preacher, theologian, and author (d. 1688)
  • 1631Abraham Brueghel, Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1690)
  • 1632Jean-Baptiste Lully, Italian-French composer and manager (d. 1687)
  • 1640Willem de Vlamingh, Flemish captain and explorer (d. 1698)
  • 1661Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, English soldier and politician, 14th Colonial Governor of New York (d. 1723)
  • 1681Jean Cavalier, French rebel leader (d. 1740)
  • 1682Betty Parris, Witch from Salem (d. 1760)[3]
  • 1694Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (d. 1728)
  • 1700Nathaniel Bliss, English astronomer and mathematician (d. 1764)
  • 1700 – Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (d. 1770)
  • 1757William Blake, English poet and painter (d. 1827)
  • 1760Maria Teresa Poniatowska, Polish noblewoman (d. 1834)
  • 1772Luke Howard, English chemist and meteorologist (d. 1864)
  • 1774Maria Antonia of Parma (d. 1841)
  • 1785Victor de Broglie, French lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of France (d. 1870)
  • 1792Victor Cousin, French philosopher and academic (d. 1867)
  • 1793Carl Jonas Love Almqvist, Swedish poet, composer, and critic (d. 1866)
  • 1804William Weston, English-Australian politician, 3rd Premier of Tasmania (d. 1888)
  • 1805John Lloyd Stephens, American archaeologist and explorer (d. 1852)
  • 1810William Froude, English engineer and architect (d. 1879)
  • 1820Friedrich Engels, German-English philosopher, economist, and journalist (d. 1895)
  • 1829Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1894)
  • 1837John Wesley Hyatt, American engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1853Helen Magill White, American academic (d. 1944)
  • 1857Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885)
  • 1861Adina Emilia De Zavala, American teacher, historian and preservationist of Texas history (d. 1955)
  • 1864James Allen, English author and poet (d. 1912)
  • 1864 – Lindley Miller Garrison, American lawyer and politician, 46th United States Secretary of War (d. 1932)
  • 1866Henry Bacon, American architect, designed the Lincoln Memorial (d. 1924)
  • 1876Bert Vogler, South African cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1880Alexander Blok, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1921)
  • 1881Stefan Zweig, Austrian author, playwright, and journalist (d. 1942)
  • 1887Ernst Röhm, German soldier and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1891Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino journalist, jurist, and politician (d. 1949)
  • 1891 – Mabel Alvarez, American painter (d. 1985)[4]
  • 1894Brooks Atkinson, American theatre critic (d. 1984)
  • 1894 – Henry Hazlitt, American economist and philosopher (d. 1993)
  • 1895José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (d. 1980)
  • 1896Dawn Powell, American author and playwright (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Lilia Skala, Austrian-American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1898İhap Hulusi Görey, Turkish graphic artist (d. 1986)
  • 1900Mary Bothwell, Canadian classical vocalist and painter (d. 1985)
  • 1903Gladys O'Connor, English-Canadian actress (d. 2012)
  • 1904James Eastland, American planter and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Nancy Mitford, English journalist and author (d. 1973)
  • 1906Henry Picard, American golfer (d. 1997)
  • 1907Rose Bampton, American soprano and educator (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Alberto Moravia, Italian journalist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1908Michael Adekunle Ajasin, Nigerian educator and politician, 3rd Governor of Ondo State (d. 1997)
  • 1908Claude Lévi-Strauss, Belgian-French anthropologist and ethnologist (d. 2009)
  • 1910Elsie Quarterman, American ecologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1911Václav Renč, Czech poet and playwright (d. 1973)
  • 1912Morris Louis, American painter (d. 1962)
  • 1913Cliff Addison, English chemist and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1915Evald Okas, Estonian painter and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1915 – Yves Thériault, Canadian author (d. 1983)
  • 1916Lilian, Princess of Réthy (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan journalist, lawyer, and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 2014)
  • 1919Keith Miller, Australian cricketer, footballer, and pilot (d. 2004)
  • 1923Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Gloria Grahame, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1924Dennis Brutus, South African journalist, poet, and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Johanna Döbereiner, Czech-Brazilian agronomist and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1925József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 1978)
  • 1925 – Gigi Gryce, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1927Abdul Halim of Kedah, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (d. 2017)
  • 1928Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Piet Steenbergen, Dutch footballer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1929Berry Gordy, Jr., American songwriter and producer, founded Motown Records
  • 1930A.L. "Doodle" Owens, American country music songwriter and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1932Gato Barbieri, Argentinian saxophonist and composer (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Terence Frisby, English author and playwright
  • 1933Joe Knollenberg, American soldier and politician
  • 1933 – Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1935Frik du Preez, South African rugby player
  • 1935 – Randolph Stow, Australian-English author and poet (d. 2010)
  • 1936Gary Hart, American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland
  • 1938Peter Dimond, Australian rugby league player
  • 1940Bruce Channel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941Laura Antonelli, Italian actress (d. 2015)
  • 1942 – Paul Warfield, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1943R. B. Greaves, Guyanese-American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Randy Newman, American singer-songwriter, composer, and pianist
  • 1944Rita Mae Brown, American novelist, poet, and screenwriter[5]
  • 1945Franklin Drilon, Filipino lawyer and politician, 22nd President of the Senate of the Philippines
  • 1946Joe Dante, American director and producer
  • 1947Michel Berger, French singer-songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – Maria Farantouri, Greek singer and politician
  • 1947 – Gladys Kokorwe, Botswana politician and Speaker of The National Assembly[6]
  • 1948Beeb Birtles, Dutch-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Mick Channon, English footballer and horse trainer
  • 1948 – Agnieszka Holland, Polish film and television director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Alan Lightman, American physicist, novelist, and academician[7]
  • 1948 – Dick Morris, American political consultant, journalist, and author
  • 1949Alexander Godunov, Russian-American actor and dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Paul Shaffer, Canadian-American singer, keyboard player, and bandleader
  • 1950Ed Harris, American actor and producer
  • 1950 – Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1951Barbara Morgan, American educator and astronaut
  • 1952S. Epatha Merkerson, American actress
  • 1953Alistair Darling, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • 1953 – Helen De Michiel, American director and producer
  • 1953 – Sixto Lezcano, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1953 – Gordon Marsden, English journalist and politician
  • 1954Necip Hablemitoğlu, Turkish historian and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1955Alessandro Altobelli, Italian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Adem Jashari, Kosovo commander (d. 1998)
  • 1956Fiona Armstrong, English-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1956 – David Van Day, English singer
  • 1957Peeter Järvelaid, Estonian historian and scholar
  • 1958Kriss Akabusi, English sprinter and hurdler
  • 1958 – Dave Righetti, American baseball player and coach
  • 1959Nancy Charest, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1959 – Judd Nelson, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Stephen Roche, Irish cyclist and sportscaster
  • 1960Jorge Domecq, Spanish lawyer and diplomat
  • 1960 – John Galliano, Gibraltar-born British fashion designer
  • 1960 – Andy Ritchie, English footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Kenny Wharton, English footballer and coach
  • 1961Martin Clunes, English actor, singer, and director
  • 1961 – Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962Matt Cameron, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Juan Carlos Rosero, Ecuadorian cyclist (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Jon Stewart, American comedian, actor, and television host
  • 1963Armando Iannucci, Scottish comedian, actor, director, and producer
  • 1963 – Andrew Jones, English politician
  • 1963 – Johnny Newman, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Walt Weiss, American baseball player and manager
  • 1964Michael Bennet, Indian-American lawyer and politician
  • 1964 – John Burkett, American baseball player and bowler
  • 1964 – Roy Tarpley, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1964 – Sian Williams, English-Welsh journalist
  • 1965Erwin Mortier, Belgian author and poet
  • 1965 – Matt Williams, American baseball player and manager
  • 1967Chris Heaton-Harris, English businessman and politician
  • 1967 – Anna Nicole Smith, American model, actress, and television personality (d. 2007)
  • 1967 – José del Solar, Peruvian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Stephnie Weir, American actress and comedian
  • 1968Darren Bett, English journalist
  • 1969Nick Knight, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Petr Kouba, Czech footballer
  • 1969 – Robb Nen, American baseball player and manager
  • 1969 – Valeri Nikitin, Estonian wrestler
  • 1969 – Sonia O'Sullivan, Irish athlete
  • 1970Álex López Morón, Spanish tennis player
  • 1970 – Richard Osman, English television host, director, and producer
  • 1972Paulo Figueiredo, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Anastasia Kelesidou, German-Greek discus thrower
  • 1972 – Jesper Strömblad, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1973Jade Puget, American guitarist and producer
  • 1974apl.de.ap, Filipino-American singer and rapper
  • 1974 – András Tölcséres, Hungarian footballer and manager
  • 1975Bakarhythm, Japanese comedian, actor, playwright, and composer
  • 1975 – Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian journalist and author
  • 1975 – Park Sung-bae, South Korean footballer
  • 1975 – Takashi Shimoda, Japanese footballer
  • 1975 – Sigurd Wongraven, Norwegian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976Ryan Kwanten, Australian actor
  • 1977Marlon Broomes, English footballer
  • 1977 – Fabio Grosso, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Acer Nethercott, English rower (d. 2013)
  • 1977 – Gavin Rae, Scottish footballer
  • 1977 – Greg Somerville, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1977 – DeMya Walker, American basketball player
  • 1978Brent Albright, American wrestler
  • 1978 – Darryl Flahavan, English footballer
  • 1978 – Freddie Mitchell, American football player
  • 1978 – Mehdi Nafti, Tunisian footballer
  • 1978 – Michael Simpkins, English footballer
  • 1978 – Haytham Tambal, Sudanese footballer
  • 1979Chamillionaire, American rapper, entrepreneur, and investor
  • 1979 – Shy FX, English DJ and producer
  • 1979 – Katarzyna Strączy, Polish tennis player
  • 1980Lisa Middelhauve, German singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Stuart Taylor, English footballer
  • 1981Brian Tevreden, Dutch footballer
  • 1982Leandro Barbosa, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1982 – Chris Harris, English motorcycle racer
  • 1982 – Raido Villers, Estonian basketball player
  • 1983Rostam Batmanglij, American musician and songwriter
  • 1983 – Tyler Glenn, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1983 – Summer Rae, American football player, wrestler, and actress
  • 1983 – Édouard Roger-Vasselin, French tennis player
  • 1983 – Nelson Valdez, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1984Andrew Bogut, Australian basketball player
  • 1984 – Marc-André Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Trey Songz, American R&B singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1984 – Mary Elizabeth Winstead, American actress and producer
  • 1984 – Naoko Yamada, Japanese anime director
  • 1985Mike Kostka, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Álvaro Pereira, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1986Mouhamadou Dabo, French footballer
  • 1987Karen Gillan, Scottish actress
  • 1987 – Craig Kieswetter, South African-English cricketer and golfer
  • 1988Scarlett Pomers, American actress and singer-songwriter
  • 1989Laura Alleway, Australian footballer
  • 1989 – Jamie Buhrer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990Dedryck Boyata, Belgian footballer
  • 1990 – Bradley Smith, English motorcycle racer
  • 1992Jake Miller, American singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Adam Hicks, American actor
  • 1993David Nofoaluma, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1995Chase Elliott, American race car driver
  • 2000Jackson Yee, Chinese singer, dancer and actor

Deaths

  • 741Pope Gregory III
  • 939Lady Ma, Chinese noblewoman (b. 890)
  • 1122 – Margrave Ottokar II of Styria
  • 1170Owain Gwynedd, Welsh king (b. 1080)
  • 1290Eleanor of Castile (b. 1241)
  • 1317Yishan Yining, Zen monk and writer from China who taught in Japan (b. 1247)
  • 1476James of the Marches, Franciscan friar
  • 1499Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick (b. 1475)
  • 1574Georg Major, German theologian and educator (b. 1502)
  • 1585Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
  • 1667Jean de Thévenot, French linguist and botanist (b. 1633)
  • 1675Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English soldier and politician (b. 1608)
  • 1675 – Leonard Hoar, English minister and academic (b. 1630)
  • 1680Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian sculptor and painter (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Italian painter and architect (b. 1606)
  • 1680 – Athanasius Kircher, German priest, philologist, and scholar (b. 1601)[8]
  • 1694Matsuo Bashō, Japanese poet and scholar (b. 1644)
  • 1695Giovanni Paolo Colonna, Italian organist, composer, and educator (b. 1637)
  • 1695 – Anthony Wood, English historian and author (b. 1632)
  • 1698Louis de Buade de Frontenac, French soldier and politician, 3rd Governor General of New France (b. 1622)
  • 1763Naungdawgyi, Burmese king (b. 1734)
  • 1785William Whipple, American general and politician (b. 1730)
  • 1794Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American general (b. 1730)
  • 1794 – Sir James Tylney-Long, 7th Baronet, English politician (b. 1736)
  • 1801Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist and academic (b. 1750)
  • 1815Johann Peter Salomon, German violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1745)
  • 1852Ludger Duvernay, French journalist and politician (b. 1799)
  • 1852 – Emmanuil Xanthos, Greek activist, co-founded Filiki Eteria (b. 1772)
  • 1859Washington Irving, American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian (b. 1783)
  • 1870Frédéric Bazille, French soldier and painter (b. 1841)
  • 1873Caterina Scarpellini, Italian astronomer and meteorologist (b. 1808)
  • 1878Orson Hyde, American religious leader, 3rd President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (b. 1805)
  • 1880Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese archbishop (b. 1837)
  • 1890Jyotirao Phule, Indian philosopher and activist (b. 1827)
  • 1891Sir James Corry, 1st Baronet, British politician (b. 1826)
  • 1901Moses Dickson, African-American abolitionist, soldier, minister, and founder of The Knights of Liberty (b. 1824)
  • 1904Hermann de Pourtalès, Swiss sailor (b. 1847)
  • 1907Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish playwright, poet, and painter (b. 1869)
  • 1912Walter Benona Sharp, American businessman (b. 1870)
  • 1917Mikelis Avlichos, Greek poet and scholar (b. 1844)
  • 1921`Abdu'l-Bahá, Head of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1844)
  • 1930Constantine VI of Constantinople (b. 1859)
  • 1935Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist and scholar (b. 1877)
  • 1939James Naismith, Canadian-American physician and educator, created basketball (b. 1861)
  • 1943Aleksander Hellat, Estonian lawyer and politician, 6th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1881)
  • 1945Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player and politician, 49th United States Secretary of War (b. 1879)
  • 1947Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, French general (b. 1902)
  • 1953Frank Olson, American biologist and chemist (b. 1910)
  • 1954Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1960Dirk Jan de Geer, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1870)
  • 1960 – Tsunenohana Kan'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 31st Yokozuna (b. 1896)
  • 1960 – Richard Wright, American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet (b. 1908)
  • 1962K. C. Dey, Indian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1893)
  • 1962 – Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1880)
  • 1968Enid Blyton, English author and poet (b. 1897)
  • 1971Wasfi al-Tal, Jordanian captain and politician, 34th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1920)
  • 1972Havergal Brian, English composer (b. 1875)
  • 1973Marthe Bibesco, Romanian-French author and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1975Peder Furubotn, Norwegian Communist and anti-Nazi Resistance leader (b.1890)
  • 1976Rosalind Russell, American actress and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1977Bob Meusel, American baseball player and sailor (b. 1896)
  • 1978Antonio Vespucio Liberti, Argentinian businessman (b. 1902)
  • 1982Helen of Greece and Denmark (b. 1896)
  • 1983Christopher George, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1987Choh Hao Li, Chinese-American biologist and chemist (b. 1913)
  • 1987 – Kazuharu Sonoda, Japanese wrestler (b. 1956)
  • 1992Sidney Nolan, Australian-English painter and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1993Jerry Edmonton, Canadian-American drummer (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Garry Moore, American comedian, television personality, and game show host (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Kenneth Connor, English actor (b. 1918) [9]
  • 1994Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Buster Edwards, English boxer and criminal (b. 1932)
  • 1994 – Jerry Rubin, American businessman and activist (b. 1938)
  • 1995Joe Kelly, Irish race car driver (b. 1915)
  • 1997Georges Marchal, French actor (b. 1920)
  • 1998Kerry Wendell Thornley, American soldier and author (b. 1938)
  • 2001Kal Mann, American songwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – William Reid, Scottish lieutenant and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1921)
  • 2002Melih Cevdet Anday, Turkish poet and author (b. 1915)
  • 2003Ted Bates, English footballer and manager (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Antonia Forest, English author (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Mihkel Mathiesen, Estonian engineer and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2005Marc Lawrence, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Jack Concannon, American football player and actor (b. 1943)
  • 2007Gudrun Wagner, Prussian director and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2008Havaldar Gajender Singh, Indian sergeant (b. 1972)
  • 2008 – Sandeep Unnikrishnan, Indian soldier (b. 1977)
  • 2009Gilles Carle, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2010Leslie Nielsen, Canadian-American actor and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2011Lloyd J. Old, American immunologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2012Knut Ahnlund, Swedish historian, author, and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Spain Rodriguez, American illustrator (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Zig Ziglar, American soldier and author (b. 1926)
  • 2013Jack Matthews, American author, playwright, and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Mitja Ribičič, Italian-Slovenian soldier and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Jean-Louis Roux, Canadian actor and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Beyle Schaechter-Gottesman, Austrian-American poet and songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2014Chespirito, Mexican actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Said Akl, Lebanese poet, playwright, and linguist (b. 1912)
  • 2014 – Dale Armstrong, Canadian race car driver (b. 1941)
  • 2015Wayne Bickerton, Welsh songwriter and producer (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Luc Bondy, Swiss director and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Gerry Byrne, English-Welsh footballer (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Marjorie Lord, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Olene Walker, American lawyer and politician, 15th Governor of Utah (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Harry Leslie Smith, British writer and political commentator (b. 1923).

Holidays and observances

  • Albanian Flag Day, celebrate the independence of Albania from Turkey in 1912, the first Albanian flag raise by Skanderbeg in 1443, and for the new parliamentary constitution in 1998.
  • Bedfordshire day is celebrated in the county of Bedfordshire to celebrate the birth of John Bunyan
  • Christian feast day:
    • Acacius, Hirenarchus, and companions, of Sebaste
    • Catherine Labouré
    • Feast of the Holy Sovereigns (Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii)
    • Herman of Alaska, the anniversary of his actual death. Eastern Orthodox
    • James of the Marches
    • Kamehameha and Emma (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Our Lady of Kibeho
    • Pope Gregory III
    • Rufus (no. 8)
    • Stephen the Younger
    • November 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Heroes' Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Hōonkō (Japan)
  • Independence Day (Mauritania), celebrate the independence of Mauritania from France in 1960.
  • Independence Day (Panama), celebrate the independence of Panama from Spain in 1821.
  • Navy Day (Iran)
  • Republic Day (Burundi)
  • Republic Day (Chad)

References

  1. Chandler, Charles L. (June 1953). "Catholic Merchants of Early Philadelphia". Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia. 64 (2): 94–103. JSTOR 44210305.
  2. SM-65 Atlas[1][2]
  3. Brooks, Rebecca B. Elizabeth Parris: First Afflicted Girl of the Salem Witchcraft Trials. June 10, 2013. Profile, historyofmassachusetts.org; accessed December 23, 2014.
  4. "About the artist".
  5. "Rita Mae Brown". web.archive.org. 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2019-01-29. Check |archive-url= value (help)
  6. "Typing her speaker's script". Mmegionline.
  7. "Lightman, Alan P(aige) 1948- | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com.
  8. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Athanasius Kircher". Newadvent.org. 1910-10-01. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  9. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0175427/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0

External links


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