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Events

  • 571 BCServius Tullius, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.
  • 1034Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots, dies. His grandson, Donnchad, son of Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
  • 1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England.[1]
  • 1177Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Châtillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.[2]
  • 1343 – A tsunami, caused by an earthquake in the Tyrrhenian Sea, devastates Naples and the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.
  • 1487Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen of England.[3]
  • 1491 – The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, ends with the Treaty of Granada.
  • 1510Portuguese conquest of Goa: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque, and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji, seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
  • 1678Trunajaya rebellion: After a long and logistically challenging march, the allied Mataram and Dutch troops successfully assaulted the rebel stronghold of Kediri.
  • 1755 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain grants royal protection to the Beaterio de la Compañia de Jesus, now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary.
  • 1758French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control. Later, Fort Pitt will be built nearby and grow into modern Pittsburgh.
  • 1759 – An earthquake hits the Mediterranean destroying Beirut and Damascus and killing 30,000-40,000.
  • 1783American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
  • 1795Partitions of Poland: Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.
  • 1826 – The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.
  • 1833 – A massive undersea earthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2, rocks Sumatra, producing a massive tsunami all along the Indonesian coast.
  • 1839 – A cyclone slams into south-eastern India, with high winds and a 40-foot storm surge destroying the port city of Coringa (which has never been completely rebuilt). The storm wave swept inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths resulted from the disaster.
  • 1863American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge: At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
  • 1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1876American Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack the sleeping village of Cheyenne Chief Dull Knife at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1908 – A fire breaks out on Template:SS as it leaves Malta's Grand Harbour, resulting in the ship's grounding and the deaths of at least 118 people.[4]
  • 1915Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
  • 1917World War I: German forces defeat Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.
  • 1918Vojvodina, formerly Austro-Hungarian crown land, proclaims its secession from Austria–Hungary to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1926 – The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history kills 76 people and injures more than 400.
  • 1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, agreeing to consult on measures "to safeguard their common interests" in the case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation. The pact is renewed on the same day five years later with additional signatories.
  • 1940World War II: First flights of both the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • 1941Template:HMS is sunk by a German torpedo during World War II.
  • 1943 – World War II: Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina is re-established at the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1947Red Scare: The "Hollywood Ten" are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
  • 1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.
  • 1950 – The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 impacts 22 American states, killing 353 people, injuring over 160, and causing US$66.7 million in damages (1950 dollars).
  • 1952Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London. It will become the longest continuously-running play in history.
  • 1952 – Korean War: After 42 days of fighting, the Battle of Triangle Hill ends with Chinese victory, American and South Korean units abandon their attempt to capture the "Iron Triangle".
  • 1958French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
  • 1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.
  • 1963 – President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.; his assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, is buried on the same day in Fort Worth, Texas.
  • 1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and one compatriot commit ritualistic seppuku after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
  • 1973Georgios Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a hardliners' coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis.
  • 1975Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.
  • 1977 – Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., is found guilty by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 and is sentenced to death by firing squad. He is later assassinated in 1983.
  • 1981Pope John Paul II appoints Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI) Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
  • 1984 – Thirty-six top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
  • 1986Iran–Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1986 – The King Fahd Causeway is officially opened in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987Typhoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that destroys entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths are attributed to the storm.
  • 1992 – The Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, with effect from January 1, 1993.
  • 1996 – An ice storm strikes the central U.S., killing 26 people. A powerful windstorm affects Florida and winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.
  • 1999 – A 5-year-old Cuban boy, Elian Gonzalez, is rescued by fishermen while floating in an inner tube off the Florida coast.
  • 2000 – The 2000 Baku earthquake, with a Richter magnitude of 7.0, leaves 26 people dead in Baku, Azerbaijan, and becomes the strongest earthquake in the region in 158 years.
  • 2008Cyclone Nisha strikes northern Sri Lanka, killing 15 people and displacing 90,000 others while dealing the region the highest rainfall in nine decades.
  • 2009Jeddah floods: Freak rains swamp the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during an ongoing Hajj pilgrimage. Three thousand cars are swept away and 122 people perish in the torrents, with 350 others missing.

Births

  • 902Emperor Taizong of Liao (d. 947)
  • 1075Emperor Taizong of Jin (d. 1135)
  • 1454Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus (d. 1510)[5]
  • 1467Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre, Knight of Henry VIII of England (d. 1525)
  • 1493Osanna of Cattaro, Dominican visionary and anchoress (d. 1565)
  • 1562Lope de Vega, Spanish playwright and poet (d. 1635)
  • 1566John Heminges, English actor (d. 1630)
  • 1577Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Dutch admiral (d. 1629)
  • 1587Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1666)
  • 1609Henrietta Maria of France (d. 1669)
  • 1638Catherine of Braganza (d. 1705)
  • 1666Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Guarneri, Italian violin maker (d. 1740)
  • 1703Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist (d. 1784)
  • 1752Johann Friedrich Reichardt, German composer and critic (d. 1814)
  • 1753Robert Townsend, American spy (d. 1838)
  • 1758John Armstrong, Jr., American general and politician, 7th United States Secretary of War (d. 1843)
  • 1778Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, English author and activist (d. 1856)
  • 1787Franz Xaver Gruber, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1863)
  • 1814Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1815William Sawyer, Canadian merchant and politician (d. 1904)
  • 1817John Bigelow, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to France (d. 1911)
  • 1835Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1841Ernst Schröder, German mathematician and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1843Henry Ware Eliot, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1844Karl Benz, German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (d. 1929)
  • 1845José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese-French journalist and author (d. 1900)
  • 1846Carrie Nation, American activist (d. 1911)
  • 1858Alfred Capus, French journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1862Ethelbert Nevin, American pianist and composer (d. 1901)
  • 1862 – Gustaf Söderström, Swedish tug of war competitor, shot putter, and discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1865Kate Gleason, American engineer, businesswoman, and philanthropist (d. 1933)
  • 1867Talaat Harb, Egyptian economist, founded the Banque Misr (d. 1941)
  • 1868Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (d. 1937)
  • 1869Ben Lindsey, American lawyer and judge (d. 1934)
  • 1870Winthrop Ames, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Maurice Denis, French painter of Les Nabis movement (d. 1943)
  • 1872Robert Maysack, American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1960)
  • 1873Albert Henry Krehbiel, American painter and illustrator (d. 1945)
  • 1874Joe Gans, American boxer (d. 1910)
  • 1876Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1936)
  • 1877Harley Granville-Barker, British actor, director and playwright (d. 1946)
  • 1880John Flynn, Australian minister and pilot, founded the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1880 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English author (d. 1960)
  • 1881Jacob Fichman, Romanian-Israeli poet and critic (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
  • 1883Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic and author (d. 1939)
  • 1887Nikolai Vavilov, Russian botanist and geneticist (d. 1943)
  • 1889Reşat Nuri Güntekin, Turkish author and playwright (d. 1956)
  • 1890Isaac Rosenberg, English soldier and poet (d. 1918)
  • 1891Ōnishiki Uichirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 26th Yokozuna (d. 1941)
  • 1893Joseph Wood Krutch, American author and critic (d. 1970)
  • 1895Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Anastas Mikoyan, Soviet politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American poet and author (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician, 8th President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1979)
  • 1896Albertus Soegijapranata, Indonesian archbishop (d. 1963)
  • 1896 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and critic (d. 1989)
  • 1898Debaki Bose, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Aarne Viisimaa, Estonian tenor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1900Rudolf Höss, German SS officer (d. 1947)
  • 1900 – Helen Gahagan Douglas, American actress and politician (d. 1980)
  • 1901Arthur Liebehenschel, German SS officer (d. 1948)
  • 1902Eddie Shore, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1904Lillian Copeland, American discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and conductor (d. 2000)
  • 1905Samiha Ayverdi, Turkish mystic and author (d. 1993)
  • 1906Alice Ambrose, American philosopher and logician (d. 2001)
  • 1907John Stuart Hindmarsh, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1938)
  • 1908Natyaguru Nurul Momen, Bangladeshi playwright, author, educator, director and media personality (d. 1990)
  • 1909P. D. Eastman, American author and illustrator (d. 1986)
  • 1911Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter and photographer (d. 1984)
  • 1913Lewis Thomas, American physician, etymologist, and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1914Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player and coach (d. 1999)[6]
  • 1914 – Léon Zitrone, Russian-French journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1915Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and politician, 30th President of Chile (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Armando Villanueva, Peruvian politician, 121st Prime Minister of Peru (d. 2013)
  • 1916Peg Lynch, American actress and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1917Luigi Poggi, Italian cardinal (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Alparslan Türkeş, Cypriot-Turkish colonel and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 1997)
  • 1919Norman Tokar, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1920Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican-American actor, singer, and director (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Noel Neill, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1922Shelagh Fraser, English actress (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Ilja Hurník, Czech composer and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Fernance B. Perry, Portuguese-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2014)
  • 1923Mauno Koivisto, Finnish banker and politician, 9th President of Finland (d. 2017)
  • 1923 – Art Wall Jr., American golfer (d. 2001)
  • 1924Paul Desmond, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1926Poul Anderson, American author (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor and producer (d. 1969)
  • 1926 – Ranganath Misra, Indian lawyer and jurist, 21st Chief Justice of India (d. 2012)
  • 1927John K. Cooley, American journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1929Judy Crichton, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1931Nat Adderley, American cornet and trumpet player (d. 2000)
  • 1932Takayo Fischer, American actress and singer
  • 1933Kathryn Crosby, American actress and singer
  • 1935Robert Berner, American geologist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1936Trisha Brown, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2017)
  • 1936 – Phoebe S. Leboy, American biochemist (d. 2012)
  • 1938Erol Güngör, Turkish sociologist and psychologist (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress (d. 2009)
  • 1939Martin Feldstein, American economist and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1940Reinhard Furrer, Austrian-German physicist and astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Joe Gibbs, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – Jan Jongbloed, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1940 – Karl Offmann, Mauritian politician, 3rd President of Mauritius
  • 1940 – Shyamal Kumar Sen, Indian jurist and politician, 21st Governor of West Bengal
  • 1940 – Percy Sledge, American singer (d. 2015)
  • 1941Christos Papanikolaou, Greek pole vaulter
  • 1941 – Gerald Seymour, English journalist and author
  • 1941 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Pakistani spiritual leader and author
  • 1942Bob Lind, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Mimis Papaioannou, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1943Jerry Portnoy, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player
  • 1944Ben Stein, American actor, television personality, game show host, lawyer, and author
  • 1944 – Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Kenyan lawyer and politician, 8th Vice President of Kenya (d. 2003)
  • 1945Gail Collins, American journalist and author
  • 1945 – Patrick Nagel, American painter and illustrator (d. 1984)
  • 1945 – George Webster, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1946Marc Brown, American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Mike Doyle, English footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1947Jonathan Kaplan, French-American director and producer
  • 1947 – John Larroquette, American actor
  • 1948Jacques Dupuis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Deputy Premier of Quebec
  • 1948 – Lars Eighner, American author
  • 1949Kerry O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1950Chris Claremont, English-American author
  • 1950 – Giorgio Faletti, Italian author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Alexis Wright, Australian author
  • 1951Bucky Dent, American baseball player and manager
  • 1951 – Charlaine Harris, American author and poet
  • 1951 – Bill Morrissey, American singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Arturo Pérez-Reverte, Spanish author and journalist
  • 1951 – Johnny Rep, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952Crescent Dragonwagon, American author and educator
  • 1952 – John Lynch, American businessman and politician, 80th Governor of New Hampshire
  • 1952 – Gabriele Oriali, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1953Graham Eadie, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1953 – Mark Frost, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Skilling, American businessman
  • 1955Don Hahn, American director and producer
  • 1955 – Kurt Niedermayer, German footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Connie Palmen, Dutch author
  • 1955 – Bruno Tonioli, Italian dancer and choreographer
  • 1957Bob Ehrlich, American lawyer and politician, 60th Governor of Maryland
  • 1958Naomi Oreskes, American historian of science
  • 1959Charles Kennedy, Scottish journalist and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Steve Rothery, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1960Amy Grant, American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer, journalist, and publisher (d. 1999)
  • 1961Paul Comstive, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1962Scott Cam, Australian carpenter and television host
  • 1962 – Gilbert Delorme, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1962 – Hironobu Sakaguchi, Japanese videogame designer
  • 1962 – Jimon Terakado, Japanese comedian and actor
  • 1963Kevin Chamberlin, American actor and director
  • 1963 – Holly Cole, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1963 – Chip Kelly, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Bernie Kosar, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1964Mark Lanegan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1965Tim Armstrong, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Cris Carter, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1966Stacy Lattisaw, American R&B singer
  • 1967Anthony Nesty, Surinamese swimmer
  • 1967 – Gregg Turkington, Australian comedian and singer
  • 1968Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and journalist
  • 1968 – Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress and singer
  • 1968 – Erick Sermon, American rapper and producer
  • 1969Kim Ofstad, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1971Magnus Arvedson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Göksel Demirpençe, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1972Deepa Marathe, Indian cricketer
  • 1973Steven de Jongh, Dutch cyclist
  • 1973 – Octavio Dotel, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Erick Strickland, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Eddie Steeples, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974Kenneth Mitchell, Canadian actor
  • 1975Abdelkader Benali, Moroccan-Dutch journalist and author
  • 1976Clint Mathis, American soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Donovan McNabb, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Olena Vitrychenko, Ukrainian gymnast and coach
  • 1977Guillermo Cañas, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1977 – Marcus Marshall, Australian race car driver
  • 1978Ringo Sheena, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979Michael Lehan, American football player
  • 1980John-Michael Liles, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Josh Mathews, American wrestler and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Aaron Mokoena, South African footballer
  • 1980 – Alviro Petersen, South African cricketer
  • 1980 – Nick Swisher, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Steffen Thier, German rugby player
  • 1981Xabi Alonso, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Lee Bum-ho, South Korean baseball player
  • 1981 – Barbara Pierce Bush, American activist
  • 1981 – Jenna Bush Hager, American journalist
  • 1981 – Jared Jeffries, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Chevon Troutman, American basketball player
  • 1982Mitchell Claydon, Australian-English cricketer
  • 1983Kirsty Crawford, Scottish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1983 – Jhulan Goswami, Indian cricketer
  • 1984Peter Siddle, Australian cricketer
  • 1985Remona Fransen, Dutch pentathlete
  • 1986Katie Cassidy, American actress
  • 1986 – Craig Gardner, English footballer
  • 1988Nodar Kumaritashvili, Georgian luger (d. 2010)
  • 1988 – Jay Spearing, English footballer
  • 1989Tom Dice, Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1990Rye Rye, American rapper, dancer, and actress
  • 1990 – Everton Heleno dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Kyler Fackrell, American football player
  • 1991Jamie Grace, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1991 – Philipp Grubauer, German ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Luca Tremolada, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Kevin Woo, American-South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1992Ana Bogdan, Romanian tennis player
  • 1993Danny Kent, English motorcycle racer

Deaths

  • 311Pope Peter I of Alexandria
  • 734Bilge Khagan, Turkic emperor (b. 683)
  • 1034Malcolm II of Scotland (b. 954)
  • 1120William Adelin, son of Henry I of England (sinking of the White Ship) (b. 1103)
  • 1185Pope Lucius III (b. 1097)
  • 1326Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shōgun (b. 1264)
  • 1374Philip II, Prince of Taranto (b. 1329)
  • 1456Jacques Cœur, French merchant and banker (b. 1395)
  • 1560Andrea Doria, Italian admiral (b. 1466)
  • 1565Hu Zongxian, Chinese general (b. 1512)
  • 1626Edward Alleyn, English actor, founded Dulwich College (b. 1566)
  • 1694Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer and mathematician (b. 1605)
  • 1700Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American lawyer and politician, 10th Mayor of New York City (b. 1643)
  • 1748Isaac Watts, English hymnwriter and theologian (b. 1674)
  • 1755Johann Georg Pisendel, German violinist and composer (b. 1687)
  • 1785Richard Glover, English poet and politician (b. 1712)
  • 1865Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (b. 1821)
  • 1884Hermann Kolbe, German chemist and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1885Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
  • 1885 – Alfonso XII of Spain (b. 1857)
  • 1909Edward P. Allen, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1920Gaston Chevrolet, French-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1892)
  • 1925Vajiravudh, Siam king (b. 1880)
  • 1934N. E. Brown, English plant taxonomist and authority on succulents (b. 1849)
  • 1944Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American lawyer and judge (b. 1866)
  • 1948Kanbun Uechi, Japanese martial artist, founded Uechi-ryū (b. 1877)
  • 1949Bill Robinson, American actor and dancer (b. 1878)
  • 1950Mao Anying, Chinese general (b. 1922)
  • 1950 – Johannes V. Jensen, Danish author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950 – Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finnish linguist and diplomat (b. 1873)
  • 1956Alexander Dovzhenko, Ukrainian-Russian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1957Prince George of Greece and Denmark (b. 1869)
  • 1959Gérard Philipe, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1961Hubert Van Innis, Belgian archer (b. 1866)
  • 1963Alexander Marinesko, Russian lieutenant (b. 1913)
  • 1965Myra Hess, English pianist and educator (b. 1890)
  • 1968Upton Sinclair, American novelist, critic, and essayist (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Paul Siple, American geographer and explorer (b. 1908)
  • 1970Yukio Mishima, Japanese author, actor, and director (b. 1925)
  • 1972Henri Coandă, Romanian engineer, designed the Coandă-1910 (b. 1886)
  • 1973Laurence Harvey, Lithuania-born English actor (b. 1928)
  • 1974Nick Drake, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1948)
  • 1974 – U Thant, Burmese lawyer and diplomat, 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1909)
  • 1981Jack Albertson, American actor and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1983Saleem Raza (Pakistani singer), Pakistani Christian playback singer (b. 1932)
  • 1984Yashwantrao Chavan, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (b. 1913)
  • 1985Geoffrey Grigson, English poet and critic (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Franz Hildebrandt, German pastor and theologian (b. 1909)
  • 1987Harold Washington, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Chicago (b. 1922)
  • 1989Alva R. Fitch, American general (b. 1907)
  • 1990Merab Mamardashvili, Georgian philosopher and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1991Eleanor Audley, American actress and voice artist (b. 1905)
  • 1995Léon Zitrone, Russian-French journalist (b. 1914)
  • 1997Hastings Banda, Malawian physician and politician, 1st President of Malawi (b. 1898)
  • 1998Nelson Goodman, American philosopher and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Flip Wilson, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1999Valentín Campa, Mexican union leader and politician (b. 1904)
  • 2000Hugh Alexander, American baseball player and scout (b. 1917)
  • 2002Karel Reisz, Czech-English director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2004Ed Paschke, American painter and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2005George Best, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Richard Burns, English race car driver (b. 1971)
  • 2006Luciano Bottaro, Italian author and illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Valentín Elizalde, Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Fraser, American actress and publisher, co-founded Beginner Books (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Kenneth M. Taylor, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2007Peter Lipton, American philosopher and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2010Alfred Balk, American journalist and author (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Peter Christopherson, English keyboard player, songwriter, and director (b. 1955)
  • 2010 – C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2010 – Bernard Matthews, English businessman, founded Bernard Matthews Farms (b. 1930)
  • 2011Vasily Alekseyev, Russian weightlifter and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Coco Robicheaux, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 2012Lars Hörmander, Swedish mathematician and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Dave Sexton, English footballer and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Dinah Sheridan, English actress (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Jim Temp, American football player and businessman (b. 1933)
  • 2013Lou Brissie, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Ricardo Fort, Argentinian businessman (b. 1968)
  • 2013 – Bill Foulkes, English footballer and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chico Hamilton, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Egon Lánský, Czech journalist and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Al Plastino, American author and illustrator (b. 1921)
  • 2014Irvin J. Borowsky, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Sitara Devi, Indian dancer, and choreographer (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Petr Hapka, Czech composer and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Denham Harman, American biogerontologist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2015O'Neil Bell, Jamaican boxer (b. 1974)
  • 2015 – Jeremy Black, English admiral (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Svein Christiansen, Norwegian drummer and composer (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Lennart Hellsing, Swedish author and translator (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Elmo Williams, American director, producer, and editor (b. 1913)
  • 2016Fidel Castro, Communist leader of Cuba, and revolutionary (b. 1926)[7]
  • 2016 – Ron Glass, American actor (b. 1945)[8]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Catherine Labouré
    • Catherine of Alexandria and its related observances
    • Elizabeth of Reute
    • Isaac Watts (Lutheran Church and Church of England)
    • James Otis Sargent Huntington (Episcopal Church)
    • November 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Suriname from the Netherlands in 1975.
  • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
  • National Day (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • Teachers' Day (Indonesia)
  • Vajiravudh Memorial Day (Thailand)

References

  1. There are seven accounts of the disaster: Orderic Vitalis, Historia ecclesiastica 12.26 (ed. and trans. Chibnall, 1978, pp. 294–307); William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum 5.419 (ed. and trans. Mynors, Thomson, and Winterbottom, 1998, pp. 758–763); Simeon of Durham, Historia regum 100.199 (ed. T. Arnold, 1885, vol. 2, pp. 258–9); Eadmer, Historia nouorum in Anglia (ed. M. Rule, 1884, pp. 288–9), Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum 7.32 (ed. and trans. Greenway, 1996, pp. 466–7), Hugh the Chanter, History of the Church at York (ed. and trans. Johnson, 1990, pp. 164–5), Robert of Torigni, Gesta Normannorum ducum (ed. and trans. E. van Houts, 1995, vol. 2, pp. 216–19, 246–51, 274–7), and Wace, Roman de Rou, pt. iii, lines 10173–262 (ed. A. Holden, 1973, vol. 2, pp. 262–6).
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External links

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