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Events

  • 380Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.[1]
  • 1190Conrad of Montferrat becomes King of Jerusalem upon his marriage to Isabella I of Jerusalem.[2]
  • 1227Gąsawa massacre: At an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa, Polish Prince Leszek the White, Duke Henry the Bearded and others are attacked by assassins while bathing.[3]
  • 1248 – An overnight landslide on the north side of Mont Granier, one of the largest historical rockslope failures ever recorded in Europe, destroys five villages.[4]
  • 1359Peter I of Cyprus ascends the throne of Cyprus after his father, Hugh IV of Cyprus, abdicates.
  • 1429Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc unsuccessfully besieges La Charité.
  • 1542Battle of Solway Moss: An English army defeats a much larger Scottish force near the River Esk in Dumfries and Galloway.
  • 1642Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land (later renamed Tasmania).
  • 1750Tarabai, regent of the Maratha Empire, imprisons Rajaram II of Satara for refusing to remove Balaji Baji Rao from the post of peshwa.
  • 1832South Carolina passes the Ordinance of Nullification, declaring that the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were null and void in the state, beginning the Nullification Crisis.[5]
  • 1835 – The Texas Provincial Government authorizes the creation of a horse-mounted police force called the Texas Rangers (which is now the Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety).
  • 1850 – Danish troops defeat a Schleswig-Holstein force in the town of Lottorf, Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1859Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species.
  • 1863American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain: Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1877Anna Sewell's animal welfare novel Black Beauty is published.
  • 1906 – A 13–6 victory by the Massillon Tigers over their rivals, the Canton Bulldogs, for the "Ohio League" Championship, leads to accusations that the championship series was fixed and results in the first major scandal in professional American football.
  • 1917 – In Milwaukee, nine members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history until the September 11 attacks in 2001.
  • 1922 – Nine Irish Republican Army members are executed by an Irish Free State firing squad. Among them is author Erskine Childers, who had been arrested for illegally carrying a revolver.
  • 1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1940World War II: The First Slovak Republic becomes a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French Forces.
  • 1943 – World War II: At the battle of Makin the Template:Ship is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
  • 1944 – World War II: The 73rd Bombardment Wing launches the first attack on Tokyo from the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • 1962Cold War: The West Berlin branch of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany forms a separate party, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin.
  • 1962 – The influential British satirical television programme That Was the Week That Was is first broadcast.
  • 1963Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is killed by Jack Ruby.
  • 1965Joseph-Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and becomes President; he rules the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.
  • 1966 – Bulgarian TABSO Flight 101 crashes near Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing all 82 people on board.
  • 1969Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to land on the Moon.
  • 1971 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (aka D. B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with $200,000 in ransom money. He has never been found.
  • 1973 – A national speed limit is imposed on the Autobahn in Germany because of the 1973 oil crisis. The speed limit lasts only four months.
  • 1974Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed "Lucy" (after The Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"), in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.
  • 1976 – The Çaldıran–Muradiye earthquake in eastern Turkey kills between 4,000 and 5,000 people.
  • 1992China Southern Airlines Flight 3943 crashes on approach to Guilin Qifengling Airport in Guilin, China, killing all 141 people on board.[6]
  • 2012A fire at a clothing factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, kills at least 112 people.
  • 2013Iran signs an interim agreement with the P5+1 countries, limiting its nuclear program in exchange for reduced sanctions.
  • 2015 – A Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 fighter jet is shot down by the Turkish Air Force over the Syria–Turkey border, killing one of the two pilots; a Russian marine is also killed during a subsequent rescue effort.
  • 2015 – A terrorist attack on a hotel in Al-Arish, Egypt, kills at least seven people and injures 12 others.
  • 2015 – An explosion on a bus carrying Tunisian Presidential Guard personnel in Tunisia's capital Tunis leaves at least 14 people dead.
  • 2016 – The government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the country's more than 50-year-long civil war.

Births

  • 1273Alphonso, Earl of Chester (d. 1284)
  • 1394Charles, Duke of Orléans (d. 1465)
  • 1427John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English nobleman (d. 1473)
  • 1472Pietro Torrigiano, Italian sculptor (d. 1528)
  • 1583Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet and painter (d. 1641)
  • 1583 – Philip Massinger, English dramatist (d. 1640)
  • 1594Henry Grey, 10th Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire (d. 1651)
  • 1603John, Count of Nassau-Idstein (1629–1677) (d. 1677)
  • 1615Philip William, Elector Palatine (d. 1690)
  • 1630Étienne Baluze, French scholar and academic (d. 1718)
  • 1632Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher and scholar (d. 1677)
  • 1655Charles XI of Sweden (d. 1697)
  • 1690Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German organist and composer (d. 1750)
  • 1712Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French priest and educator (d. 1789)
  • 1712 – Ali II ibn Hussein, Tunisian ruler (d. 1782)
  • 1713Junípero Serra, Spanish priest and missionary (d. 1784)
  • 1713 – Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and clergyman (d. 1768)
  • 1724Maria Amalia of Saxony (d. 1760)
  • 1729Alexander Suvorov, Russian field marshal (d. 1800)
  • 1745Maria Luisa of Spain (d. 1792)
  • 1774Thomas Dick, Scottish minister, author, and educator (d. 1857)
  • 1784Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1801Ludwig Bechstein, German author and poet (d. 1860)
  • 1806William Webb Ellis, English priest, created Rugby football (d. 1872)
  • 1811Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (d. 1890)
  • 1812Xavier Hommaire de Hell, French geographer and engineer (d. 1848)
  • 1826Carlo Collodi, Italian journalist and author (d. 1890)
  • 1840John Alfred Brashear, American scientist, telescope maker and educator (d. 1920)
  • 1849Frances Hodgson Burnett, English-American novelist and playwright (d. 1924)
  • 1851John Indermaur, British lawyer (d. 1925)
  • 1857Miklós Kovács, Hungarian-Slovene poet and songwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1859Cass Gilbert, American architect, designed the United States Supreme Court Building and Woolworth Building (d. 1934)
  • 1864Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter and illustrator (d. 1901)
  • 1868Scott Joplin, American pianist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1869Óscar Carmona, Portuguese field marshal and politician, 11th President of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1873Julius Martov, Russian politician (d. 1923)
  • 1873 – Herbert Roper Barrett, English tennis player (d. 1943)
  • 1874Charles William Miller, Brazilian footballer and referee (d. 1953)
  • 1876Walter Burley Griffin, American architect and urban planner, designed Canberra (d. 1937)
  • 1877Alben W. Barkley, American lawyer and politician, 35th Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)
  • 1877 – Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian police officer (d. 1941)
  • 1879Wylie Cameron Grant, American tennis player (d. 1968)
  • 1881Al Christie, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1951)
  • 1882Nikolai Janson, Russian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1884Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Ukrainian-Israeli historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • 1885Theodor Altermann, Estonian actor, director, and producer (d. 1915)
  • 1885 – Christian Wirth, German SS officer (d. 1944)
  • 1886Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (d. 1973)
  • 1887Raoul Paoli, French boxer and rower (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German field marshal (d. 1973)
  • 1888Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1891Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1970)
  • 1893Charles F. Hurley, American soldier and politician, 54th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1894Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer and businessman (d. 1978)
  • 1895Esther Applin, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1972)
  • 1897Lucky Luciano, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1962)
  • 1897 – Dorothy Shepherd-Barron, English tennis player (d. 1953)
  • 1899Ward Morehouse, American author, playwright, and critic (d. 1966)
  • 1904Albert Ross Tilley, Canadian captain and surgeon (d. 1988)
  • 1908Libertad Lamarque, Argentinian actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • 1910Larry Siemering, American football player and coach (d. 2009)
  • 1911Kirby Grant, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Joe Medwick, American baseball player and manager (d. 1975)
  • 1912Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Garson Kanin, American director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Joan Sanderson, English actress (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Charles Schneeman, American soldier and illustrator (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Teddy Wilson, American pianist and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1913Howard Duff, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914Lynn Chadwick, English sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Bessie Blount Griffin, American physical therapist, inventor and forensic scientist (d. 2009)
  • 1916Forrest J Ackerman, American soldier and author (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Shabtai Rosenne, English-Israeli academic, jurist, and diplomat (d. 2010)
  • 1919David Kossoff, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1921John Lindsay, American lawyer and politician, 103rd Mayor of New York City (d. 2000)
  • 1922Claus Moser, Baron Moser, German-English statistician and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1924Eileen Barton, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Lorne Munroe, Canadian-American cellist and educator
  • 1925William F. Buckley, Jr., American publisher and author, founded the National Review (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Simon van der Meer, Dutch-Swiss physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1926Tsung-Dao Lee, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian-French author and playwright (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Kevin Skinner, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2014)
  • 1929Franciszek Kokot, Polish nephrologist and endocrinologist
  • 1929 – George Moscone, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 37th Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1978)
  • 1930Ken Barrington, English cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1930 – Bob Friend, American baseball player and politician (d. 2019)
  • 1931Tommy Allsup, American guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – Arthur Chaskalson, South African lawyer and judge, 18th Chief Justice of South Africa (d. 2012)
  • 1932Claudio Naranjo, Chilean psychiatrist
  • 1932 – Fred Titmus, English cricketer and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1933John Sheridan, English rugby player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1934Alfred Schnittke, German-Russian journalist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1935Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Bahraini politician, Prime Minister of Bahrain
  • 1935 – Ron Dellums, American soldier and politician, 48th Mayor of Oakland (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Mordicai Gerstein, American author, illustrator, and director (d. 2019)
  • 1938Willy Claes, Belgian conductor and politician, 8th Secretary General of NATO
  • 1938 – Oscar Robertson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1938 – Charles Starkweather, American spree killer (d. 1959)
  • 1940Marshall Berman, American philosopher and Marxist humanist writer (d. 2013)
  • 1940Paul Tagliabue, American lawyer and businessman, 5th Commissioner of the National Football League
  • 1940 – Eric Wilson, Canadian author and educator
  • 1941Pete Best, Indian-English drummer and songwriter
  • 1941 – Donald "Duck" Dunn, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1941 – Wayne Jackson, American trumpeter (d. 2016)
  • 1942Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian and actor
  • 1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, American soldier and journalist, 17th White House Press Secretary
  • 1942 – Jean Ping, Gabonese politician and diplomat
  • 1942 – Andrew Stunell, English minister and politician
  • 1943Dave Bing, American basketball player and politician, 70th Mayor of Detroit
  • 1943 – Richard Tee, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 1993)
  • 1943 – Robin Williamson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Margaret E. M. Tolbert, American chemist and academic
  • 1944Bev Bevan, English drummer
  • 1944 – Candy Darling, American model and actress (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian academic and diplomat, 9th Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1944 – Dan Glickman, American businessman and politician, 26th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1945Nuruddin Farah, Somali novelist[7]
  • 1945 –Lee Michaels, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1946Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
  • 1946 – Tony Clarkin, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1946 – Penny Jordan, English author (d. 2011)
  • 1947Dwight Schultz, American actor
  • 1947 – Dave Sinclair, English keyboard player
  • 1948Spider Robinson, American-Canadian author and critic
  • 1948 – Rudy Tomjanovich, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Steve Yeager, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949Shane Bourne, Australian comedian, actor, and television host
  • 1949 – Ewen Cameron, Baron Cameron of Dillington, English politician
  • 1949 – Sally Davies, English hematologist and academic
  • 1950Bob Burns, American drummer and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Stanley Livingston, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951Mimis Androulakis, Greek author and politician
  • 1951 – Chet Edwards, American businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Margaret Mountford, Northern Irish-British lawyer and businesswoman
  • 1951 – Graham Price, Egyptian-Welsh rugby player
  • 1952Parveen Shakir, Pakistani Urdu poet (d. 1994)
  • 1952 – Rachel Chagall, American actress
  • 1952 – Norbert Haug, German journalist and businessman
  • 1952 – Thierry Lhermitte, French actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Jim Sheridan, Scottish politician
  • 1952 – Ken Wilson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1954Emir Kusturica, Serbian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Margaret Wetherell, English psychologist and academic
  • 1955Ian Botham, English cricketer, footballer, and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Clem Burke, American drummer
  • 1955 – Scott Hoch, American golfer
  • 1955 – Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician, Swedish Minister for Culture
  • 1955 – Najib Mikati, Lebanese businessman and politician, 31st Prime Minister of Lebanon
  • 1955 – Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer and author
  • 1956Ruben Santiago-Hudson, American actor, playwright, and director
  • 1957Denise Crosby, American actress and producer
  • 1957 – Edward Stourton, English journalist and author
  • 1958Roy Aitken, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Margaret Curran, Scottish academic and politician
  • 1958 – Nick Knight, British photographer
  • 1959Todd Brooker, Canadian skier and sportscaster
  • 1960Edgar Meyer, American bassist and composer
  • 1961Carlos Carnero, Spanish lawyer and politician
  • 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer and activist, recipient of Booker Prize
  • 1962John Kovalic, English author and illustrator
  • 1962 – John Squire, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Paul Thorburn, German-Welsh rugby player and manager
  • 1962 – Ioannis Topalidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Tracey Wickham, Australian swimmer
  • 1963Neale Cooper, Scottish footballer (d. 2018)
  • 1964Garret Dillahunt, American actor
  • 1964 – Brad Sherwood, American actor and game show host
  • 1965Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
  • 1965 – Dawn Robinson, American singer and actress
  • 1966Russell Watson, English tenor and actor
  • 1967Henrik Brockmann, Danish singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Cal Eldred, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Jon Hein, American radio personality
  • 1968Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1969David Adeang, Nauruan lawyer and politician
  • 1969 – Romesh Kaluwitharana, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1969 – Rob Nicholson, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1970Doug Brien, American football player
  • 1970 – Julieta Venegas, American-Mexican singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1970 – Ashley Ward, English footballer and businessman
  • 1971Cosmas Ndeti, Kenyan runner
  • 1971 – Keith Primeau, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972Marek Lemsalu, Estonian footballer
  • 1972 – Ruxandra Dragomir, Romanian tennis player
  • 1973Alejandro Ávila, Mexican telenovela actor
  • 1974Stephen Merchant, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Machel Montano, Trinidadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Tarō Yamamoto, Japanese actor and politician
  • 1974 – Amy Faye Hayes, American boxing ring announcer and model
  • 1975Thomas Kohnstamm, American author
  • 1976Christian Laflamme, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Chen Lu, Chinese figure skater
  • 1976 – Mona Hanna-Attisham British-American pediatrician, professor, and public health advocate
  • 1977Colin Hanks, American actor
  • 1977 – Celaleddin Koçak, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1978Katherine Heigl, American actress and producer
  • 1979Joseba Llorente, Spanish footballer
  • 1980Kabir Ali, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Beth Phoenix, American wrestler
  • 1982Ryan Fitzpatrick, American football player
  • 1982 – Sean O'Loughlin, English rugby player
  • 1983Dean Ashton, English footballer
  • 1983 – Lars Eckert, German rugby player
  • 1983 – André Laurito, German footballer
  • 1983 – Gwilym Lee, Welsh actor
  • 1983 – José López, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983 – Karine Vanasse, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1984Maria Höfl-Riesch, German skier
  • 1985Julia Alexandratou, Greek model, actress, and singer
  • 1985 – Tony Hunt, American football player
  • 1986Pedro León, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Mohamed Massaquoi, American football player
  • 1990Sarah Hyland, American actress
  • 1990 – Tom Odell, English singer-songwriter
  • 1990 – Michael Oldfield, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990 – Mario Gaspar, Spanish footballer
  • 1992Sergei Kulbach, Ukrainian figure skater
  • 1993Ivi Adamou, Cypriot-Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Joe Pigott, English footballer
  • 1994Nabil Bentaleb, Algerian footballer

Deaths

  • 654Emperor Kōtoku of Japan (b. 596)
  • 1072Bagrat IV of Georgia (b. 1018)
  • 1227Leszek I the White, High Duke of Poland (b. c. 1186)
  • 1265Magnús Óláfsson, King of Mann and the Isles
  • 1326Hugh Despenser the Younger, English courtier (b. 1296)
  • 1426Elizabeth of Lancaster, Duchess of Exeter, (b. c. 1363)
  • 1468Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402)
  • 1492Loys of Gruuthuse, Earl of Winchester (b. c. 1427)
  • 1530Mingyi Nyo, Burmese ruler (b. 1459)
  • 1531Johannes Oecolampadius, German theologian and reformer (b. 1482)
  • 1572John Knox, Scottish pastor and theologian (b. 1510)
  • 1583René de Birague, French cardinal (b. 1506)
  • 1615Sethus Calvisius, German composer and theorist (b. 1556)
  • 1642Walatta Petros, saint in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (b. 1592)
  • 1650Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese organist and composer (b. 1566)
  • 1675Guru Tegh Bahadur, Indian guru (b. 1621)
  • 1722Johann Adam Reincken, Dutch-German organist and composer (b. 1623)
  • 1741Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden (b. 1688)
  • 1770Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian and author (b. 1685)
  • 1775Lorenzo Ricci, Italian religious leader, 18th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1703)
  • 1781James Caldwell, American minister (b. 1734)
  • 1793Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Finance (b. 1723)
  • 1801Franz Moritz von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • 1801 – Philip Hamilton, Oldest son of Alexander Hamilton (b. 1782)
  • 1807Joseph Brant, American tribal leader (b. 1742)
  • 1848William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1779)
  • 1870Comte de Lautréamont, Uruguayan-French poet and author (b. 1846)
  • 1885Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (b. 1837)
  • 1890August Belmont, German-American banker and politician, 16th United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (b. 1816)
  • 1895Ludwik Teichmann, Polish anatomist (b. 1823)[8]
  • 1916Hiram Maxim, American-English engineer, invented the Maxim gun (b. 1840)
  • 1920Lado Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian actor and director (b. 1857)
  • 1920 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian author and poet (b. 1854)
  • 1922Erskine Childers, Irish soldier, journalist, and author (b. 1870)
  • 1929Georges Clemenceau, French physician, publisher, and politician, 72nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1841)
  • 1943Doris Miller, American soldier and chef, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 1948Anna Jarvis, American founder of Mother's Day (b. 1864)
  • 1954Mamie Dillard, African American educator, clubwoman and suffragist (b. 1874)[9]
  • 1956Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (b. 1920)
  • 1957Diego Rivera, Mexican painter and sculptor (b. 1886)
  • 1958Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1959Dally Messenger, Australian rugby player, cricketer, and sailor (b. 1883)
  • 1960Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1882)
  • 1961Ruth Chatterton, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1963Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (b. 1939)
  • 1965Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler (b. 1895)
  • 1968D. A. Levy, American poet and publisher (b. 1942)
  • 1973John Neihardt, American author and poet (b. 1881)
  • 1980Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – George Raft, American actor and dancer (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Molly Reilly, Canadian aviator (b. 1922)[10]
  • 1980 – Henrietta Hill Swope, American astronomer and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1982Barack Obama, Sr., Kenyan economist and academic, father of Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States (b. 1936)
  • 1987Jehane Benoît, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1904)
  • 1990Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1934)
  • 1990 – Fred Shero, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)[11]
  • 1990 – Dodie Smith, English author and playwright (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Marion Post Wolcott, American photographer (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Bülent Arel, Turkish-American composer and educator (b. 1919)
  • 1991Freddie Mercury, Tanzanian-English singer-songwriter, lead vocalist of Queen, and producer (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer of KISS (b. 1950)
  • 1993Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1995Eduard Ole, Estonian-Swedish painter (b. 1898)
  • 1996Sorley MacLean, Scottish soldier and poet (b. 1911)
  • 1997Barbara, French singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1930)
  • 2002John Rawls, American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2003Warren Spahn, American baseball player and coach (b. 1921)
  • 2004Arthur Hailey, English-Canadian journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Joseph Hansen, American author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – James Wong, Chinese actor and songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2005Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006Juice Leskinen, Finnish singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – George W. S. Trow, American author, playwright, and critic (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Zdeněk Veselovský, Czech zoologist and ethologist (b. 1938)
  • 2007Casey Calvert, American guitarist (b. 1981)
  • 2008Kenny MacLean, Scottish-Canadian bass player and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2008 – Cecil H. Underwood, American educator and politician, 25th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1922)
  • 2009Abe Pollin, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai politician, 25th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Jun Ross, Filipino basketball player (b. 1949)
  • 2010Huang Hua, Chinese translator and politician, 5th Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China (b. 1913)
  • 2012Héctor Camacho, Puerto Rican-American boxer (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Antoine Kohn, Luxembourgian footballer and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Stewart, American baseball player and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Nicholas Turro, American chemist and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Ernie Warlick, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  • 2013Matthew Bucksbaum, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded General Growth Properties (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Arnaud Coyot, French cyclist (b. 1980)
  • 2013 – Lou Hyndman, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – June Keithley, Filipino actress and journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Jean King, American politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Robin Leigh-Pemberton, Baron Kingsdown, English banker and politician, Governor of the Bank of England (b. 1927)
  • 2014Jorge Herrera Delgado, Mexican engineer and politician (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Murli Deora, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Corporate Affairs (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Peter Henderson, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Nenad Manojlović, Serbian water polo player and manager (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – Viktor Tikhonov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2015Robert Ford, English general (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – John Forrester, English historian and philosopher (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Quincy Monk, American football player (b. 1979)
  • 2015 – Heinz Oberhummer, Austrian physicist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Douglas W. Shorenstein, American businessman (b. 1955)
  • 2016Paul Futcher, English footballer (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Florence Henderson, American actress, singer and television personality (b. 1934)
  • 2019Goo Hara, South Korean singer and actress (b. 1991)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast days:
    • Albert of Louvain
    • Andrew Dũng-Lạc, Pierre Dumoulin-Borie, and other Vietnamese Martyrs
    • Chrysogonus (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Colmán of Cloyne (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Eanflæd
    • Firmina (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Flavian of Ricina (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Flora and Maria
    • Jehu Jones (Lutheran)
    • Justus Falckner (Lutheran)
    • Kenan (Cianán)
    • Mercurius (Eastern Church)
    • Pierre Dumoulin-Borie
    • Protasius of Milan
    • Romanus of Blaye
    • November 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Harvest Day can fall, while November 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in November. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Mother's Day can fall, while November 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in November. (Russia)
  • Evolution Day (International observance)
  • Lachit Divas (Assam)
  • Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur (India)
  • Teachers' Day (Turkey)

References

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  7. "Farah, Nuruddin 1945–", Encyclopedia.com.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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