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2021

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  2012 (Friday)
  2011 (Wednesday)

November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 38 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 534 BCThespis of Icaria becomes the first recorded actor to portray a character on stage.[1]
  • 1174Saladin enters Damascus, and adds it to his domain.
  • 1248Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
  • 1499 – Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
  • 1531 – The Second War of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland.
  • 1644John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship.[2]
  • 1733 – The start of the 1733 slave insurrection on St. John in what was then the Danish West Indies.
  • 1808 – French and Poles defeat the Spanish at Battle of Tudela.
  • 1810Sarah Booth debuts at the Royal Opera House.
  • 1863American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins: Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and counter-attack Confederate troops.
  • 1867 – The Manchester Martyrs are hanged in Manchester, England, for killing a police officer while freeing two Irish Republican Brotherhood members from custody.[3]
  • 1876 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Magear Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
  • 1889 – The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
  • 1890 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to succeed him.
  • 1910Johan Alfred Ander becomes the last person to be executed in Sweden.
  • 1914Mexican Revolution: The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
  • 1918Heber J. Grant succeeds Joseph F. Smith as the seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • 1924Edwin Hubble's discovery, that the Andromeda "nebula" is actually another island galaxy far outside of our own Milky Way, is first published in The New York Times.
  • 1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936Life magazine is reborn as a photo magazine and enjoys instant success.
  • 1939World War II: Template:HMS is sunk by the German battleships Template:Ship and Template:Ship.
  • 1940 – World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
  • 1946 – French naval bombardment of Hai Phong, Vietnam, kills thousands of civilians.
  • 1953 – Pilot Felix Moncla and Lieutenant Robert Wilson disappear while in pursuit of a mysterious craft over Lake Superior.
  • 1955 – The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to that of Australia.[4]
  • 1959French President Charles de Gaulle declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals".
  • 1963 – The BBC broadcasts An Unearthly Child (starring William Hartnell), the first episode of the first story from the first series of Doctor Who, which is now the world's longest running science fiction drama.[5]
  • 19681968 Yale vs. Harvard football game: Harvard Crimson rallies to tie Yale Bulldogs 29–29 at Harvard Stadium in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1971 – Representatives of the People's Republic of China attend the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.
  • 1972 – The Soviet Union makes its final attempt at successfully launching the N1 rocket.[6]
  • 1974 – Sixty Ethiopian politicians, aristocrats, military officers, and other persons are executed by the provisional military government.
  • 1976Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.[7]
  • 1978Cyclone kills about 1000 people in eastern Sri Lanka.
  • 1978 – The Geneva Frequency Plan of 1975 goes into effect, realigning many of Europe's longwave and mediumwave broadcasting frequencies.[8]
  • 1980 – The 6.9 Template:M Irpinia earthquake shakes southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), killing 2,483–4,900, and injuring 7,700–8,934.
  • 1981Iran–Contra affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1985 – Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the aircraft, but 60 people die in the raid.
  • 1992 – The first smartphone, the IBM Simon, is introduced at COMDEX in Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • 1993Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
  • 1996Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.
  • 2001 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
  • 2003Rose Revolution: Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
  • 2004 – The Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi, the largest religious building in Georgia, is consecrated.
  • 2005Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia and becomes the first woman to lead an African country.
  • 2006 – A series of bombings kills at least 215 people and injures 257 others in Sadr City, making it the second deadliest sectarian attack since the beginning of the Iraq War in 2003.
  • 2007Template:MS, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sinks in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands. There are no fatalities.
  • 2009 – The Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Philippines.
  • 2010Bombardment of Yeonpyeong: North Korean artillery attack kills two civilians and two marines on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea.
  • 2011Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.
  • 2015Blue Origin's New Shepard space vehicle became the first rocket to successfully fly to space and then return to Earth for a controlled, vertical landing.

Births

  • 870Alexander, Byzantine emperor (d. 913)
  • 912Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)[9]
  • 1190Pope Clement IV (d. 1268)
  • 1221Alfonso X of Castile (d. 1284)
  • 1402Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
  • 1417William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1496Clément Marot, French poet (d. 1544)[10]
  • 1508Francis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, youngest son of Henry the Middle (d. 1549)
  • 1553Prospero Alpini, Italian physician and botanist (d. 1617)[11]
  • 1632Jean Mabillon, French monk and scholar (d. 1707)
  • 1641Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch lawyer and politician (d. 1720)
  • 1687Jean Baptiste Senaillé, French violinist and composer (d. 1730)
  • 1705Thomas Birch, English historian and author (d. 1766)
  • 1715Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer and author (d. 1799)
  • 1719Spranger Barry, Irish actor (d. 1777)
  • 1749Edward Rutledge, American captain and politician, 39th Governor of South Carolina (d. 1800)
  • 1760François-Noël Babeuf, French journalist and activist (d. 1797)
  • 1781Theodor Valentin Volkmar, German lawyer and politician, 1st Mayor of Marburg (d. 1847)
  • 1785Jan Roothaan, Dutch priest, 21st Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1853)
  • 1803Theodore Dwight Weld, American author and activist (d. 1895)
  • 1804Franklin Pierce, American general, lawyer, and politician, 14th President of the United States (d. 1869)
  • 1820Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician and author (d. 1884)
  • 1837Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist and thermodynamicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
  • 1838Stephanos Skouloudis, Greek banker and politician, 97th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1928)
  • 1858Albert Ranft, Swedish actor and director (d. 1938)
  • 1860Hjalmar Branting, Swedish journalist and politician, 16th Prime Minister of Sweden, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1864Henry Bourne Joy, American businessman (d. 1936)
  • 1868Mary Brewster Hazelton, American painter (d. 1953)
  • 1869Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1871William Watt, Australian accountant and politician, 24th Premier of Victoria (d. 1946)
  • 1875Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian journalist and politician (d. 1933)
  • 1876Manuel de Falla, Spanish pianist and composer (d. 1946)
  • 1878Frank Pick, English lawyer and businessman (d. 1941)
  • 1883José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (d. 1949)
  • 1886Eduards Smiļģis, Latvian actor and director (d. 1966)
  • 1887Boris Karloff, English actor (d. 1969)[12]
  • 1887 – Henry Moseley, English physicist and chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1888Harpo Marx, American comedian and musician (d. 1964)[13]
  • 1889Harry Sunderland, Australian-English journalist and businessman (d. 1964)
  • 1890El Lissitzky, Russian photographer and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892Erté, Russian-French illustrator and designer (d. 1990)
  • 1896Klement Gottwald, Czechoslovak politician, President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – Tsunenohana Kan'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 31st Yokozuna (d. 1960)
  • 1897Nirad C. Chaudhuri, British-Indian historian, author, and critic (d. 1999)
  • 1897 – Karl Gebhardt, German physician and war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1899Manuel dos Reis Machado, Brazilian martial artist and educator (d. 1974)
  • 1901Bennie Osler, South African rugby player (d. 1962)
  • 1902Aaron Bank, American colonel (d. 2004)
  • 1902 – Victor Jory, Canadian-American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1903Joe Nibloe, Scottish footballer (d. 1976)[14]
  • 1905K. Alvapillai, Sri Lankan civil servant (d. 1979)
  • 1906Betti Alver, Estonian author and poet (d. 1989)
  • 1907Lars Leksell, Swedish physician and neurosurgeon (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Run Run Shaw, Chinese-Hong Kong businessman and philanthropist, founded Shaw Brothers Studio and TVB (d. 2014)
  • 1908Nelson S. Bond, American author and playwright (d. 2006)
  • 1909Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (d. 2000)
  • 1912George O'Hanlon, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1914Donald Nixon, American businessman (d. 1987)
  • 1914 – Wilson Tucker, American projectionist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1915John Dehner, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Marc Simont, French-American illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1915 – Anne Burns, British aeronautical engineer and glider pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1916Michael Gough, Malaysian-English actor (d. 2011)
  • 1916 – P. K. Page, English-Canadian author and poet (d. 2010)
  • 1920Paul Celan, Romanian-French poet and translator (d. 1970)
  • 1921Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1922Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish politician, 3rd President of the Xunta of Galicia (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Võ Văn Kiệt, Vietnamese soldier and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2008)
  • 1923Daniel Brewster, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Billy Haughton, American harness racer and trainer (d. 1986)
  • 1923 – Julien J. LeBourgeois, American admiral (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Gloria Whelan, American author and poet[15]
  • 1924Irvin J. Borowsky, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Josephine D'Angelo, American baseball player and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Paula Raymond, American model and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Colin Turnbull, English-American anthropologist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1925José Napoleón Duarte, Salvadoran engineer and politician, President of El Salvador (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Johnny Mandel, American composer and conductor[16]
  • 1925 – Elaine Horseman, English author and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1926Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – R. L. Burnside, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1927John Cole, Irish-English journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Guy Davenport, American author and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Angelo Sodano, Italian cardinal[17]
  • 1928Jerry Bock, American composer (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – John Coleman, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Elmarie Wendel, American actress and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1929Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and authorTemplate:Fix
  • 1929 – Gloria Lynne, American singer (d. 2013)
  • 1930Geeta Dutt, Indian singer and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1930 – Robert Easton, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1930 – Jack McKeon, American baseball player and manager[18]
  • 1932Michel David-Weill, French-American banker[19]
  • 1932 – Kunie Tanaka, Japanese actor
  • 1933Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer and conductor[20] (d. 2020)
  • 1933 – Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist and activist (d. 1977)
  • 1934Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Robert Towne, American actor, director, and screenwriter[21]
  • 1935Ken Eastwood, Australian cricketer[22]
  • 1935 – Vladislav Volkov, Russian engineer and astronaut (d. 1971)
  • 1936Robert Barnard, English author, critic, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Frank Caprio, American judgeTemplate:Fix
  • 1936 – Steve Landesberg, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1936 – Mats Traat, Estonian poet and authorTemplate:Fix
  • 1937Graham Hearne, English lawyer and businessmanTemplate:Fix
  • 1938Patrick Kelly, English archbishop[23]
  • 1938 – Donald Roller Wilson, American artistTemplate:Fix
  • 1939Betty Everett, American singer and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1940Luis Tiant, Cuban-American baseball player and coach[24]
  • 1941Alan Mullery, English footballer and manager[25]
  • 1941 – Franco Nero, Italian actor and producer[26]
  • 1942Susan Anspach, American actress (d. 2018)[27]
  • 1943Andrew Goodman, American activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Sue Nicholls, English actress[28]
  • 1943 – David Nolan, American activist and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1943 – Petar Skansi, Croatian basketball player and coach[29]
  • 1944Joe Eszterhas, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer[30]
  • 1944 – Peter Lindbergh, German-French photographer and director[31]
  • 1944 – James Toback, American actor, director, and screenwriter[32]
  • 1945Assi Dayan, Israeli actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Jim Doyle, American lawyer and politician, 44th Governor of Wisconsin[33]
  • 1945 – Keith Hampshire, English-Canadian singer-songwriter and radio hostTemplate:Fix
  • 1945 – Jerry Harris, American sculptorTemplate:Fix
  • 1945 – Tony Pond, English race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1946Giorgos Koudas, Greek footballer and managerTemplate:Fix
  • 1946 – Diana Quick, English actress[34]
  • 1946 – Bobby Rush, American activist and politician[35]
  • 1947Jean-Pierre Foucault, French radio and television host[36]
  • 1948Bruce Vilanch, American actor and screenwriter[37]
  • 1948 – Frank Worthington, English footballer and manager[38]
  • 1949Alan Paul, American singer-songwriter and actor[39]
  • 1949 – Sandra Stevens, English singer[40]
  • 1950Nrisingha Prasad Bhaduri, Indian indologist, author, and academic[41]
  • 1950 – Carlos Eire, Cuban-born American author and academic[42]
  • 1950 – Charles Schumer, American lawyer and politician[43]
  • 1950 – Paul Wilson, Scottish footballer (d. 2017)[44]
  • 1951Maik Galakos, Greek footballer and manager[45]
  • 1952Bill Troiano, American tuba player and educatorTemplate:Fix
  • 1953Rick Bayless, American chef and author[46]
  • 1953 – Francis Cabrel, French singer-songwriter and guitarist[47]
  • 1953 – Johan de Meij, Dutch trombonist, composer, and conductor[48]
  • 1953 – Martin Kent, Australian cricketer [49]
  • 1954Pete Allen, English clarinet player and saxophonist [50]
  • 1954 – Glenn Brummer, American baseball player[51]
  • 1954 – Bruce Hornsby, American singer-songwriter and pianist[52]
  • 1954 – Aavo Pikkuus, Estonian cyclist[53]
  • 1955Steven Brust, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and author[54]
  • 1955 – Ludovico Einaudi, Italian pianist and composer[55]
  • 1955 – Dinos Kouis, Greek footballer and coachTemplate:Fix
  • 1955 – Mary Landrieu, American politician[56]
  • 1956Bruce Edgar, New Zealand cricketer[57]
  • 1956 – Shane Gould, Australian swimmer and coach[58]
  • 1956 – Karin Guthke, German diver[59]
  • 1958Martin Snedden, New Zealand cricketer and lawyer[60]
  • 1959Maxwell Caulfield, English-American actor[61]
  • 1960Robin Roberts, American sportscaster and journalist[62]
  • 1961Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author[63]
  • 1961 – Nicolas Bacri, French composer[64]
  • 1961 – Merv Hughes, Australian cricketer[65]
  • 1961 – Peter Stanford, English journalist and author[66]
  • 1962Lance King, American singer-songwriter and producerTemplate:Fix
  • 1962 – Nicolás Maduro, Venezuelan union leader and politician, President of Venezuela[67]
  • 1963Gwynne Shotwell, American businesswoman, President and Chief Operating Officer of SpaceX[68]
  • 1964Lorna Jane Clarkson, Australian fashion designer, entrepreneur, and authorTemplate:Fix
  • 1964 – Marilyn Kidd, Australian rower[69]
  • 1964 – Frank Rutherford, Bahamian triple jumper[70]
  • 1965Jennifer Michael Hecht, American historian, author, and poet[71]
  • 1966Vincent Cassel, French actor and producer[72]
  • 1966 – Kevin Gallacher, Scottish footballer and sportscaster[73]
  • 1966 – Jerry Kelly, American golfer[74]
  • 1967Steve Deacon, Australian rugby league playerTemplate:Fix
  • 1967 – Gary Kirsten, South African cricketer and coach[75]
  • 1967 – Salli Richardson, American actress, director, and producer[76]
  • 1968Robert Denmark, English runner and coach[77]
  • 1968 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian lexicographer, linguist, and academicTemplate:Fix
  • 1968 – Mark Soden, Australian rugby league playerTemplate:Fix
  • 1968 – Anthony Sullivan, English rugby league and union player[78]
  • 1968 – Kirsty Young, Scottish journalist[79]
  • 1969Olivier Beretta, Monégasque race car driver[80]
  • 1969 – Mike Lünsmann, German footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1969 – Robin Padilla, Filipino actor, martial artist, and screenwriter[81]
  • 1969 – Jonathan Seet, Singaporean-Canadian singer-songwriter and producerTemplate:Fix
  • 1970Zoë Ball, English radio and television host[82]
  • 1970 – Oded Fehr, Israeli-American actor[83]
  • 1970 – Danny Hoch, American actor and screenwriter[84]
  • 1970 – Karsten Müller, German chess player and author[85]
  • 1971Khaled Al-Muwallid, Saudi Arabian footballer[86]
  • 1971 – Lisa Arch, American actress[87]
  • 1971 – Vin Baker, American basketball player and coach[88]
  • 1971 – Chris Hardwick, American comedian, actor, producer, and television host[89]
  • 1972Christopher James Adler, American drummer[90]
  • 1974Juventud Guerrera, Mexican wrestler and sportscasterTemplate:Fix
  • 1974 – Saku Koivu, Finnish ice hockey player[91]
  • 1974 – Malik Rose, American basketball player and sportscasterTemplate:Fix
  • 1974 – Jamie Sharper, American football playerTemplate:Fix
  • 1976Cüneyt Çakır, Turkish footballer and refereeTemplate:Fix
  • 1976 – Page Kennedy, American actor and rapperTemplate:Fix
  • 1976 – Tony Renna, American race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1976 – Murat Salar, German-Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Kohei Suwama, Japanese wrestler[92]
  • 1977Myriam Boileau, Canadian diver[93]
  • 1977 – Adam Eaton, American baseball player[94]
  • 1977 – David Lucas, English footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1978Ali Güneş, German-Turkish footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1978 – Tommy Marth, American saxophonist (d. 2012)
  • 1978 – Alison Mosshart, American singer-songwriterTemplate:Fix
  • 1978 – Kayvan Novak, English actor, director, and screenwriterTemplate:Fix
  • 1979Kelly Brook, English model and actress[95]
  • 1979 – Nihat Kahveci, Turkish footballer and managerTemplate:Fix
  • 1979 – Ivica Kostelić, Croatian skier[96]
  • 1980Ishmael Beah, Sierra Leonean child soldier and American author[97]
  • 1980 – David Britz, American nanotechnologist and engineerTemplate:Fix
  • 1980 – Jonathan Papelbon, American baseball player[98]
  • 1982Colby Armstrong, Canadian ice hockey player[99]
  • 1982 – Dallas Johnson, Australian rugby league playerTemplate:Fix
  • 1982 – Asafa Powell, Jamaican sprinter[100]
  • 1983Nasser Al-Shamrani, Saudi Arabian footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1983 – Fatih Yiğituşağı, Turkish footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1984Amruta Khanvilkar, Indian actress and dancer[101]
  • 1984 – Justin Turner, American baseball player[102]
  • 1985Viktor An, South Korean speed skater[103]
  • 1987Nicklas Bäckström, Swedish ice hockey player[104]
  • 1990Shaun Hutchinson, English footballerTemplate:Fix
  • 1990 – Eddy Kim, South Korean singer-songwriter and guitaristTemplate:Fix
  • 1990 – Alena Leonova, Russian figure skater[105]
  • 1990 – Christopher Quiring, German footballer[106]
  • 1991Ahmed Shehzad, Pakistani cricketerTemplate:Fix
  • 1992Miley Cyrus, American singer-songwriter and actress [107]
  • 1992 – Gabriel Landeskog, Swedish ice hockey player[108]
  • 1994Wes Burns, Welsh footballer[109]
  • 1995Kelly Rosen, Estonian footballer[110]
  • 1996Anna Yanovskaya, Russian ice dancer[111]

Deaths

  • 386Jin Feidi, emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 342)
  • 947Berthold, Duke of Bavaria (b. 900)
  • 955Eadred, English king (b. 923)
  • 1161Adam, Abbot of Ebrach
  • 1183William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (b. 1116)
  • 1407Louis I, Duke of Orléans (b. 1372)
  • 1457Ladislaus the Posthumous, Hungarian king (b. 1440)
  • 1464Blessed Margaret of Savoy (b. 1390)
  • 1499Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English throne (b. c. 1474)
  • 1503Bona of Savoy (b. 1449)
  • 1503 – Margaret of York (b. 1446)
  • 1572Bronzino, Italian painter and poet (b. 1503)
  • 1585Thomas Tallis, English composer (b. c.1505)
  • 1616Richard Hakluyt, English priest and author (b. 1552)
  • 1682Claude Lorrain, French-Italian painter and engraver (b. 1604)
  • 1763Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff, German field marshal and diplomat (b. 1673)
  • 1769Constantine Mavrocordatos, Greek prince (b. 1711)
  • 1803Roger Newdigate, English politician (b. 1719)
  • 1804Richard Graves, English minister and author (b. 1715)
  • 1804 – Ivan Mane Jarnović, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1747)
  • 1807Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician (b. 1747)
  • 1814Elbridge Gerry, American merchant and politician, 5th Vice President of the United States of America (b. 1744)
  • 1833Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French general and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1762)
  • 1890William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
  • 1899Thomas Henry Ismay, English businessman, founded White Star Line (b. 1837)
  • 1905John Burdon-Sanderson, English physiologist and academic (b. 1828)
  • 1910Hawley Harvey Crippen, American physician and murderer (b. 1862)
  • 1927Miguel Pro, Mexican priest and martyr (b. 1891)
  • 1934Giovanni Brunero, Italian cyclist (b. 1895)
  • 1937Jagadish Chandra Bose, Bangladeshi-Indian physicist, biologist, botanist, and archaeologist (b. 1858)
  • 1937 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian-English zoologist and botanist (b. 1858)
  • 1937 – Miklós Kovács, Hungarian-Slovene cantor and poet (b. 1857)
  • 1940Stanley Argyle, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of Victoria (b. 1867)
  • 1943Ernie Jones, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1869)
  • 1948Hack Wilson, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1958Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (b. 1880)
  • 1958 – Johnston McCulley, American author and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1966Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish politician, 2nd President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1970Yusof bin Ishak, Singaporean journalist and politician, 1st President of Singapore (b. 1910)
  • 1972Marie Wilson, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1973Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor, director, and producer (b. 1889)
  • 1974 – notable victims of the Massacre of the Sixty:
    • Abiye Abebe, Ethiopian general and politician (b. 1918)
    • Aman Andom, Ethiopian general and politician, President of Ethiopia (b. 1924)
    • Aklilu Habte-Wold, Ethiopian politician, Prime Minister of Ethiopia (b. 1912)
    • Asrate Kassa, Ethiopian commander (b. 1922)
    • Endelkachew Makonnen, Ethiopian politician, Prime Minister of Ethiopia (b. 1927)
  • 1974 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 1976André Malraux, French theorist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1979Merle Oberon, Indian-American actress and singer (b. 1911)
  • 1979 – Judee Sill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 1982Grady Nutt, American minister and author (b. 1934)
  • 1983Juhan Muks, Estonian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1983 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 1984Leonard Baker, American historian and author (b. 1931)
  • 1990Roald Dahl, British novelist, poet, and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 1991Klaus Kinski, German-American actor and director (b. 1926)
  • 1992Roy Acuff, American singer-songwriter and fiddler (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Jean-François Thiriart, Belgian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1994Art Barr, American wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 1994 – Irwin Kostal, American songwriter, screenwriter, and publisher (b. 1911)
  • 1995Louis Malle, French-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Junior Walker, American singer and saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 1996Mohamed Amin, Kenyan photographer and journalist (b. 1943)
  • 1996 – Art Porter, Jr., American saxophonist and songwriter (b. 1961)
  • 1997Jorge Mas Canosa, Cuban-American businessman (b. 1939)
  • 2000Brian Rawlinson, English actor and playwright (b. 1931)
  • 2001Bo Belinsky, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001 – Mary Whitehouse, English educator and activist (b. 1910)
  • 2002Roberto Matta, Chilean-Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1911)
  • 2004Pete Franklin, American radio host (b. 1928)
  • 2005Constance Cummings, American-English actress (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Frank Gatski, American football player and soldier (b. 1919)
  • 2006Jesús Blancornelas, Mexican journalist, co-founded Zeta Magazine (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Nick Clarke, English journalist (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Betty Comden, American actress, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian spy and defector (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Anita O'Day, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Willie Pep, American boxer and referee (b. 1922)
  • 2007Joe Kennedy, American baseball player (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Óscar Carmelo Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Robert Vesco, American-Cuban financier (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Pat Walsh, New Zealand rugby union player (b. 1936)
  • 2009José Arraño Acevedo, Chilean journalist and historian (b. 1921)
  • 2010Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter and sculptor (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Joyce Howard, English-American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2011Jim Rathmann, American race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 2012José Luis Borau, Spanish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Chuck Diering, American baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Larry Hagman, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Diana Isaac, English-New Zealand businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1921)
  • 2013Connie Broden, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Jay Leggett, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2013 – Peter B. Lewis, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Wayne Mills, American singer-songwriter (b. 1969)
  • 2013 – Costanzo Preve, Italian philosopher and theorist (b. 1943)
  • 2014Marion Barry, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Mayor of the District of Columbia (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Dorothy Cheney, American tennis player (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Metropolitan Mikhail of Asyut (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Murray Oliver, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Clive Palmer, English banjo player (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Pat Quinn, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1943)
  • 2015Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, playwright, and critic (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Manmeet Bhullar, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1980)
  • 2015 – Dan Fante, American author and playwright (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Douglass North, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Jim Sochor, American football player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2016Rita Barberá Nolla, Spanish politician (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Ralph Branca, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Andrew Sachs, German-born British actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Joe Esposito, road manager for Elvis Presley (b. 1938)
  • 2017Stela Popescu, Romanian actress (b. 1935)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexander Nevsky (Repose, Russian Orthodox Church)
    • Blessed Miguel Agustín Pro – one of Saints of the Cristero War (Roman Catholic Church and the Lutheran Church)
    • Columbanus
    • Felicitas of Rome
    • Paulinus of Wales
    • Pope Clement I (Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church)
    • Trudo (or Trond)
    • Wilfetrudis (or Vulfetrude)
    • November 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Black Friday can fall, while November 29 is the latest; observed on the day after Thanksgiving (United States), and its related observances:
    • Buy Nothing Day (North America, Great Britain, Sweden)
  • Labor Thanksgiving Day (Japan)
  • Repudiation Day (Frederick County, Maryland, United States)
  • Rudolf Maister Day (Slovenia)
  • St George's Day (Georgia) or Giorgoba (Georgia)

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External links


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