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2021

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Tuesday)
  2011 (Sunday)

November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 41 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 284Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor.
  • 762 – During the An Shi Rebellion, the Tang dynasty, with the help of Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels.
  • 1194Palermo is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1407 – A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1441 – The Peace of Cremona ends the war between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan.[1]
  • 1695Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho - an event nowadays commemorated in Black Awareness Day.
  • 1739 – Start of the Battle of Porto Bello between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
  • 1776American Revolutionary War: British forces land at the Palisades and then attack Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.
  • 1789New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
  • 1805Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio, premieres in Vienna.
  • 1815 – The Second Treaty of Paris is signed, returning the French frontiers to their 1790 extent, imposing large indemnities, and prolonging the occupation by Allied troops for several more years.[2]
  • 1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacks and sinks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick is in part inspired by this story.)
  • 1845Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata: Battle of Vuelta de Obligado.
  • 1861American Civil War: A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
  • 1910Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1917World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
  • 1936José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.
  • 1940World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
  • 1945Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.
  • 1947The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1959 – The Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the United Nations.
  • 1962Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
  • 1968 – A total of 78 miners are killed in an explosion at the Consolidated Coal Company's No. 9 mine in Farmington, West Virginia in the Farmington Mine disaster.
  • 1969Vietnam War: The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio) publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.
  • 1969 – Occupation of Alcatraz: Native American activists seize control of Alcatraz Island until being ousted by the U.S. Government on June 11, 1971.
  • 1974 – The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.
  • 1974 – The first fatal crash of a Boeing 747 occurs when Lufthansa Flight 540 crashes while attempting to takeoff from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya, killing 59 out of the 157 people on board.
  • 1977Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
  • 1979Grand Mosque seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from Pakistani special forces to put down the uprising.
  • 1980Lake Peigneur drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole.
  • 1985Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1989Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
  • 1990Andrei Chikatilo, one of the Soviet Union's most prolific serial killers, is arrested; he eventually confesses to 56 killings.
  • 1991 – An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend District of Azerbaijan.
  • 1992 – In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.
  • 1993Savings and loan crisis: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
  • 1993 – Macedonia's deadliest aviation disaster occurs Avioimpex Flight 110, a Yakovlev Yak-42 crashes near Ohrid killing all 116 people on board.[3]
  • 1994 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war. (Localized fighting resumes the next year.)
  • 1996A fire breaks out in an office building in Hong Kong, killing 41 people and injuring 81.
  • 1998 – A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
  • 1998 – The first space station module component, Zarya, for the International Space Station was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • 2003 – After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
  • 2015 – Following a hostage siege, at least 19 people are killed in Bamako, Mali.

Births

  • 270Maximinus II, Roman emperor (d. 313)
  • 939Emperor Taizong of Song (d. 997)
  • 1545Ernst Ludwig, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1592)
  • 1602Otto von Guericke, German physicist and politician (d. 1686)
  • 1603Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor (d. 1667)
  • 1620Avvakum, Russian priest and saint (d. 1682)
  • 1625Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • 1629Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (d. 1698)
  • 1660Daniel Ernst Jablonski, Czech-German theologian and reformer (d. 1741)
  • 1688Gyeongjong of Joseon, 20th king of the Joseon Dynasty (d. 1724)
  • 1715Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1726Oliver Wolcott, American politician (d. 1797)
  • 1733Philip Schuyler, American general and senator (d. 1804)
  • 1737José Antonio de Alzate y Ramírez, Spanish-Mexican scientist and cartographer (d. 1799)[4]
  • 1739Jean-François de La Harpe, French writer and literary critic (d. 1803)
  • 1748Jean-François de Bourgoing, French diplomat, writer and translator (d. 1811)
  • 1750Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (d. 1799)
  • 1752Thomas Chatterton, English poet (d. 1770)[5]
  • 1753Louis-Alexandre Berthier, 1st Prince of Wagram (d. 1815)
  • 1755Stanisław Kostka Potocki, Polish noble, politician and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1761Pope Pius VIII (d. 1830)
  • 1776Ignaz Schuppanzigh, Austrian violinist (d. 1830)
  • 1781Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German captain and jurist (d. 1854)
  • 1781 – Bartolomeo Pinelli, Italian illustrator and engraver (d. 1835)
  • 1782Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os, Dutch painter (d. 1861)
  • 1783Georgios Sinas, Greek entrepreneur and banker (d. 1856)
  • 1784Marianne von Willemer, Austrian actress and dancer (d. 1860)
  • 1787Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, German firearms inventor and manufacturer (d. 1867)
  • 1788Félix Varela, Cuban-born Roman Catholic priest (d. 1853)
  • 1794Eduard Rüppell, German naturalist and explorer (d. 1884)
  • 1801Mungo Ponton, Scottish inventor (d. 1880)
  • 1808Albert Kazimirski de Biberstein, French orientalist (d. 1887)
  • 1813Franz Miklosich, Slovenian linguist and philologist (d. 1891)
  • 1830Mikhail Dragomirov, Russian general (1905)
  • 1834Franjo Kuhač, Croatian conductor and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1841Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, lawyer, and jurist (d. 1901)
  • 1841 – François Denys Légitime, Haitian general (d. 1935)
  • 1841 – Wilfrid Laurier, Canadian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1919)
  • 1850Joseph Samuel Bloch, Austrian rabbi and deputy (d. 1923)
  • 1850 – Charlotte Garrigue, wife of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1851Mikhail Albov, Russian writer (d. 1911)
  • 1851John Merle Coulter, American botanist (d. 1928)
  • 1851 – Margherita of Savoy, Italian Queen consort (d. 1926)
  • 1853Oskar Potiorek, Austro-Hungarian Army officer (d. 1933)
  • 1855Josiah Royce, American philosopher (d. 1916)
  • 1857Helena Westermarck, Finnish artist and writer (d. 1938)
  • 1858Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)[6]
  • 1860José Figueroa Alcorta, President of Argentina, (d. 1931)
  • 1861Camillo Laurenti, Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1938)
  • 1862Georges Palante, French philosopher and sociologist (d. 1925)
  • 1862 – Edvard Westermarck, Finnish philosopher and sociologist (d. 1939)
  • 1864Percy Cox, British Indian Army officer (d. 1937)
  • 1866Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American lawyer and judge (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Maria Letizia Bonaparte, daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte (d. 1926)
  • 1867Patrick Joseph Hayes, American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – Gustav Giemsa, German chemist and bacteriologist (d. 1948)
  • 1869Zinaida Gippius, Russian writer and editor (d. 1945)
  • 1869 – Josaphata Hordashevska, Ukrainian Greek-Catholic nun (d. 1919)
  • 1871William Heard Kilpatrick, American pedagogue (d. 1965)
  • 1871 – Augusto Weberbauer, German naturalist (d. 1948)
  • 1873Ramón Castillo, Argentine politician (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – William Coblentz, American physicist (d. 1962)
  • 1873 – Georges Caussade, French composer (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Daniel Gregory Mason, American composer and music critic (d. 1953)
  • 1874James Michael Curley, American lawyer, politician, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts, and criminal (d. 1958)
  • 1875Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg, German diplomat (d. 1944)
  • 1876Rudolf Koch, German designer (d. 1934)
  • 1877Herbert Pitman, English sailor (d. 1961)
  • 1880Walter Brack, German swimmer (d. 1919)
  • 1881Irakli Tsereteli, Georgian politician (d. 1959)
  • 1882Ernestas Galvanauskas, Lithuanian engineer and politician (d. 1967)
  • 1883Edwin August, American actor and director (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Tony Gaudio, Italian American cinematographer (d. 1951)
  • 1884Norman Thomas, American minister and politician (d. 1968)
  • 1885George Holley, English footballer (d. 1942)[7]
  • 1885 – Kaarlo Vasama, Finnish gymnast (d. 1926)
  • 1886Robert Hunter, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • 1886 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian-German ethologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1886 – Alexandre Stavisky, French financier and embezzler (d. 1934)
  • 1887Jean Ducret, French footballer
  • 1888Dennis Fenton, American sports shooter (d. 1954)
  • 1889Edwin Hubble, American astronomer and cosmologist (d. 1953)
  • 1890Robert Armstrong, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Harald Madsen, Danish actor (d. 1949)
  • 1890 – Lauri Tanner, Finnish gymnast (d. 1950)
  • 1891Reginald Denny, English actor (d. 1967)
  • 1892James Collip, Canadian biochemist and academic, co-discovered insulin (d. 1965)
  • 1893André Bloch, French mathematician (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Grace Darmond, Canadian-American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1894Johann Nikuradse, Georgian-born German engineer and physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1895Pierre Cot, French politician (d. 1977)
  • 1896Chiyono Hasegawa, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2001)
  • 1896 – Carl Mayer, Austrian-Jewish screenplay writer (d. 1944)
  • 1897Germaine Krull, German photographer and political activist (d. 1985)
  • 1898Richmond Landon, American high jumper (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Adrian Piotrovsky, Russian dramaturge (d. 1937)
  • 1899Alicja Kotowska, Polish nun (d. 1939)
  • 1900Florieda Batson, American hurdler, captain of the United States team at the 1922 Women's Olympics (d. 1996)
  • 1900 – Helen Bradley, English painter (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Chester Gould, American cartoonist and author, created Dick Tracy (d. 1985)
  • 1901José Leandro Andrade, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1957)
  • 1902Gianpiero Combi, Italian footballer (d. 1956)
  • 1902 – Erik Eriksen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Nâzım Hikmet, Turkish writer and director (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Heini Meng, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1902 – Jean Painlevé, French photographer and filmmaker (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Philipp Schmitt, German officer of the Schutzstaffel (d. 1950)
  • 1903Alexandra Danilova, Russian-American ballerina and choreographer (d. 1997)
  • 1904Arnold Gartmann, Swiss bobsledder (d. 1980)
  • 1905Minoo Masani, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1906Vera Tanner, English swimmer (d. 1971)
  • 1907Fran Allison, American entertainer (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Mihai Beniuc, Romanian socialist and writer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director, screenwriter and producer (d. 1977)
  • 1908Louis, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine, the youngest son of Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Alistair Cooke, British-American journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Jenő Vincze, Hungarian footballer (d. 1988)[8]
  • 1909John Berger, Swiss cross-country skier (d. 2002)
  • 1909 – Vicente Feola, Brazilian football manager and coach (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Piero Gherardi, Italian costume and set designer (d. 1971)
  • 1909 – Samand Siabandov, Soviet Red Army writer (d. 1989)
  • 1910Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch mathematician, pilot, and academic (d. 1944)
  • 1910 – Pauli Murray, American civil rights activist, women's rights activist, lawyer, Episcopal priest, and author (d. 1985)
  • 1911Eduard Kainberger, Austrian footballer (d. 1974)
  • 1911 – David Seymour, Polish photographer (d. 1956)
  • 1911 – Jean Shiley, American high jumper (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Rupert Weinstabl, Austrian sprint canoeist (d. 1953)
  • 1911 – Paul Zielinski, German footballer (d. 1966)[9]
  • 1912Enrique Garcia, Argentine footballer (d. 1969)
  • 1912 – Otto von Habsburg, the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1913Franz Berghammer, Austrian field handballer (d. 1944)
  • 1913 – Charles Berlitz, American linguist (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Charles Bettelheim, French Marxian economist and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Judy Canova, American actress and comedian (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Kostas Choumis, Greek footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Russell Rouse, American screenwriter, director and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Libertas Schulze-Boysen, German opponent of the Nazis (d. 1942)
  • 1913 – Yakov Zak, Soviet pianist (d. 1976)
  • 1914Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – Kurt Lundqvist, Swedish high jumper (d. 1976)
  • 1915Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1915 – Hu Yaobang, Chinese politician (d. 1989)
  • 1916Charles E. Osgood, American psychologist (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Michael J. Ingelido, American general (d. 2015)
  • 1916 – Evelyn Keyes, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Donald T. Campbell, American social scientist (d. 1996)
  • 1917Robert Byrd, American lawyer and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Leonard Jimmie Savage, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1917 – Erich Leo Lehmann, American statistician (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Bobby Locke, South African golfer (d. 1987)
  • 1918Corita Kent, American nun, illustrator, and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1918 – Dora Ratjen, German high jumper (d. 2008)
  • 1919Alan Brown, English race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (d. 2012)
  • 1920Douglas Dick, American actor and psychologist (d. 2015)
  • 1921Jim Garrison, American lawyer and judge (d. 1992)
  • 1923Gunnar Åkerlund, Swedish sprint canoer (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Danny Dayton, American actor and director (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Tonino Delli Colli, Italian cinematographer (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Nadine Gordimer, South African novelist, short story writer, and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1924Karen Harup, Danish swimmer (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Timothy Evans, (d. 1950)
  • 1924 – Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Michael Riffaterre, French literary critic and theorist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Henk Vredeling, Dutch agronomist and politician, Dutch Minister of Defence (d. 2007)
  • 1925June Christy, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Robert F. Kennedy, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th United States Attorney General (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Maya Plisetskaya, Russian-Lithuanian ballerina, choreographer, actress, and director (d. 2015)
  • 1926John Gardner, English soldier and author (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Tôn Thất Đính, Vietnamese general (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Édouard Leclerc, French businessman and entrepreneur (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Miroslav Tichý, Czech photographer (d. 2011)
  • 1927Vakhtang Balavadze, Georgian wrestler (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Ed Freeman, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2008)
  • 1927 – Estelle Parsons, American actress and director
  • 1927 – Wolfgang Schreyer, German writer (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Mikhail Ulyanov, Soviet and Russian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1928Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – Franklin Cover, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Pedro Ferrándiz, Spanish basketball coach
  • 1928 – John Disley, Welsh athlete (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Pete Rademacher, American boxer
  • 1928 – Genrikh Sapgir, Russian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1929Jerry Hardin, American actor
  • 1929 – Raymond Lefèvre, French composer (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Gabriel Ochoa Uribe, Colombian footballer
  • 1929 – Ron Willey, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1930Christine Arnothy, French writer (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Aarón Hernán, Mexican actor
  • 1930 – Bernard Horsfall, English-Scottish actor (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Choe Yong-rim, North Korean Premier
  • 1931Wayne Moore, American swimmer (d. 2015)
  • 1932Richard Dawson, English-American actor and game show host (d. 2012)
  • 1932 – Yorozuya Kinnosuke, Japanese kabuki actor (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Sándor Mátrai, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Paulo Valentim, Brazilian footballer (d. 1984)
  • 1932 – Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize
  • 1934Paco Ibáñez, Spanish singer and musician
  • 1934 – Lev Polugaevsky, Soviet Chess Grandmaster (d. 1995)
  • 1935Leo Falcam, Micronesian politician and 5th President of Micronesia (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Imre Makovecz, Hungarian architect (d. 2011)
  • 1936Hans van Abeelen, Dutch geneticist (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Don DeLillo, American novelist, essayist, and playwright
  • 1936 – Luciano Fabro, Italian sculptor and artist (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Charles R. Larson, American admiral (d. 2014)
  • 1937René Kollo, German tenor
  • 1937 – Ruth Laredo, American pianist and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish skier (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Bruno Mealli, Italian cyclist
  • 1937 – Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian author and screenwriter
  • 1938Colin Fox, Canadian actor
  • 1939Jerry Colangelo, American businessman
  • 1939 – Copi, Argentine writer and artist (d. 1987)
  • 1939 – Dick Smothers, American actor and comedian
  • 1939 – Jan Szczepański, Polish boxer (d. 2017)
  • 1940Wendy Doniger, American indologist
  • 1940 – Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Ediz Hun, Turkish actor and politician
  • 1940 – Arieh Warshel, Israeli-American biochemist and biophysicist
  • 1941Oliver Sipple, U.S. Marine and Vietnam War veteran (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Dr. John, American singer and songwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1942Joe Biden, American lawyer and politician, 47th Vice President of the United States
  • 1942 – Robert Costanzo, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1942 – Bob Einstein, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1942 – Norman Greenbaum, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Meredith Monk, American composer and choreographer
  • 1942 – Paulos Faraj Rahho, Chaldean Catholic Archeparch of Mosul (d. 2008)
  • 1943David Douglas-Home, British businessman and politician
  • 1943 – Veronica Hamel, American actress and model
  • 1943 – Ivan Hrdlička, Czechoslovakian footballer[10]
  • 1943 – Suze Rotolo, American artist, and former girlfriend of Bob Dylan
  • 1944Louie Dampier, American basketball player and coach
  • 1944 – Wayne Maki, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwean field hockey player
  • 1945Deborah Eisenberg, American writer, actress and teacher
  • 1946Duane Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1971)
  • 1946 – Algimantas Butnorius, Lithuanian chess Grandmaster (d. 2017)
  • 1946 – Patriarch Kirill of Moscow
  • 1946 – Samuel E. Wright, American actor, voice actor and singer
  • 1947Nurlan Balgimbayev, Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Eli Ben Rimoz, Israeli footballer
  • 1947 – Joe Walsh, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1948John R. Bolton, American lawyer and diplomat, 25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1948 – Park Chul-soo, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Barbara Hendricks, American-Swedish soprano and actress
  • 1948 – Richard Masur, American actor and director
  • 1948 – Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (d. 1978)
  • 1948 – Kenjiro Shinozuka, Japanese race car driver
  • 1949Jeff Dowd, American film producer and activist
  • 1949 – Thelma Drake, American politician
  • 1949 – Ulf Lundell, Swedish writer and composer
  • 1949 – Juha Mieto, Finnish cross-country skier
  • 1949 – Nené, Portuguese footballer
  • 1950Jacqueline Gourault, French politician
  • 1950 – Gary Green, British musician
  • 1951Rodger Bumpass, American actor and singer
  • 1951 – León Gieco, Argentine folk rock singer and interpreter
  • 1951 – Aleksey Spiridonov, Soviet footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1951 – David Walters, American businessman and politician, 24th Governor of Oklahoma
  • 1952John Van Boxmeer, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1953Halid Bešlić, Bosnian musician and singer
  • 1953 – Greg Gibson, American wrestler
  • 1953 – Fábio Jr., Brazilian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1954Richard Brooker, English actor and stuntman (d. 2013)
  • 1954 – Antonina Koshel, Soviet artistic gymnast
  • 1954 – Frank Marino, Canadian guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Bin Shimada, Japanese voice actor
  • 1955Angela Finocchiaro, Italian actress
  • 1955 – Toshio Matsuura, Japanese footballer
  • 1955 – Ray Ozzie, American software industry entrepreneur
  • 1956Bo Derek, American actress and producer
  • 1957Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1957 – John Eriksen, Danish footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1957 – Jean-Marc Furlan, French football manager
  • 1957 – Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria
  • 1958Rickson Gracie, Brazilian mixed martial artist and choreographer
  • 1959Raffi Hovannisian, American-born Armenian politician
  • 1959 – Diane James, British politician
  • 1959 – Mario Martone, Italian director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – James McGovern, American lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst, German prelate of the Catholic Church and theologian
  • 1959 – Sean Young, American actress and dancer
  • 1960Ye Jiangchuan, Chinese chess player
  • 1960 – Ozell Jones, American basketball player (d. 2006)
  • 1961Jim Brickman, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1961 – Pierre Hermé, French pastry chef and chocolatier
  • 1961 – Phil Joanou, American director
  • 1961 – Dave Watson, English footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Petra Wenzel, Liechtenstein alpine skier
  • 1962Paul Birch, English footballer
  • 1962 – Živko Budimir, Bosnian politician
  • 1962 – Polona Dornik, Yugoslav and Slovenian basketball player
  • 1962 – Gail Ann Dorsey, American musician
  • 1962 – Chris Foy, English football referee
  • 1962 – Rajkumar Hirani, Indian director
  • 1962 – Abderrazak Khairi, Moroccan footballer
  • 1962 – Peng Liyuan, wife of Xi Jinping
  • 1962 – Gerardo Martino, Argentine footballer
  • 1963Tim Gavin, Australian rugby player
  • 1963 – Timothy Gowers, English mathematician and academic
  • 1963 – Beezie Madden, American show jumper
  • 1963 – Ming-Na Wen, Chinese-American actress
  • 1964Katharina Böhm, Austrian actress
  • 1964 – Boris Dežulović, Croatian journalist and author
  • 1964 – Andriy Kalashnykov, Ukrainian wrestler
  • 1964 – John MacLean, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965Mike D, American rapper and drummer
  • 1965 – Nigel Gibbs, English footballer and coach
  • 1965 – Yehuda Glick, American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi
  • 1965 – Amos Mansdorf, Israeli tennis player
  • 1965 – Takeshi Kusao, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1965 – Jimmy Vasser, American race car driver
  • 1965 – Yoshiki, Japanese musician
  • 1966Neil Broad, British tennis player
  • 1966 – Kevin Gilbert, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1996)
  • 1966 – Terry Lovejoy, Australian information technologist
  • 1966 – Štefan Svitek, Slovak basketball coach
  • 1966 – Jill Thompson, American author and illustrator
  • 1967Chris Childs, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Stuart Ripley, English footballer
  • 1967 – Teoman, Turkish singer
  • 1968James Dutton, American astronaut
  • 1968 – Andrei Kharlov, Russian chess player
  • 1968 – Paul Scheuring, American screenwriter and director
  • 1968 – David Einhorn, American hedge fund manager
  • 1968 – Jeff Tarango, American tennis player
  • 1969Jimmy Blandon, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1969 – Kristian Ghedina, Italian alpine ski racer
  • 1969 – Chris Harris, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1969 – Wolfgang Stark, German football referee
  • 1969 – Callie Thorne, American actress and producer
  • 1970Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan, deputy prime minister of the United Arab Emirates
  • 1970 – Matt Blunt, American lieutenant and politician, 54th Governor of Missouri
  • 1970 – Phife Dawg, American rapper (d. 2016)
  • 1970 – Delia Gonzalez, American boxer
  • 1970 – Stéphane Houdet, French wheelchair tennis player
  • 1970 – Geoffrey Keezer, American pianist and educator
  • 1970 – Sabrina Lloyd, American actress
  • 1971Mike Dunn, English snooker player
  • 1971 – Joey Galloway, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Joel McHale, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1972Johan Åkerman, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Jérôme Alonzo, French footballer
  • 1972 – Ed Benes, Brazilian comic book artist
  • 1972 – Paulo Figueiredo, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Corinne Niogret, French biathlete
  • 1972 – Skander Souayah, Tunisian footballer
  • 1972 – Tatiana Turanskaya, Transnistrian politician
  • 1973Angelica Bridges, American actress and singer
  • 1973 – Fabio Galante, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Neil Hodgson, English motorcycle racer and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Masaya Honda, Japanese footballer
  • 1974Daniela Anschütz-Thoms, German speed skater
  • 1974 – Jason Faunt, American actor
  • 1974 – Florian David Fitz, German actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1974 – Drew Ginn, Australian rower
  • 1974 – Claudio Husain, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Jon Knudsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1975Mengke Bateer, Chinese Inner Mongolian basketball player
  • 1975 – Dierks Bentley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Ryan Bowen, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975 – J. D. Drew, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Joshua Gomez, American actor
  • 1975 – Sébastien Hamel, French footballer
  • 1975 – Davey Havok, American singer-songwriter
  • 1976Mohamed Barakat, Egyptian footballer
  • 1976 – Beto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – DeJuan Collins, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Dominique Dawes, American gymnast and actress
  • 1976 – Laura Harris, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Adrián Hernán González, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Harold Jamison, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Tusshar Kapoor, Indian Bollywood actor and producer
  • 1976 – Pascal Roller, German basketball player
  • 1976 – Francisco Rufete, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Nebojša Stefanović, Serbian politician
  • 1976 – Doug Viney, New Zealand boxer
  • 1976 – Atsushi Yoneyama, Japanese footballer
  • 1976 – Ji Yun-nam, North Korean footballer
  • 1977Rudy Charles, American wrestling referee
  • 1977 – Mikhail Ivanov, Russian cross-country skier
  • 1977 – Daniel Svensson, Swedish drummer and producer
  • 1977 – Josh Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1978Jean-François Bedenik, French footballer and coach
  • 1978 – Freya Lim, Taiwanese-Malaysian singer and radio host
  • 1978 – Kéné Ndoye, Senegalese track and fielder
  • 1978 – Nadine Velazquez, American actress and model
  • 1979Maree Bowden, New Zealand netball player
  • 1979 – Dmitri Bulykin, Russian footballer
  • 1979 – Kateryna Burmistrova, Ukrainian wrestler
  • 1979 – Naide Gomes, Portuguese heptathlete and long jumper
  • 1979 – Joseph Hallman, American composer and academic
  • 1979 – Anastasiya Kapachinskaya, Russian sprint athlete
  • 1979 – Hassan Mostafa, Egyptian footballer
  • 1979 – Jacob Pitts, American actor
  • 1979 – Shalini, Indian actress
  • 1979 – Arpad Sterbik, Serbian handball player
  • 1980Dilnaz Akhmadieva, Kazakhstani singer and actress
  • 1980 – James Chambers, English footballer
  • 1980 – Eiko Koike, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Poonsawat Kratingdaenggym, Thai boxer
  • 1980 – Marek Krejčí, Slovak footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Ana Caterina Morariu, Romanian-Italian actress
  • 1980 – Christian Obrist, Italian middle distance runner
  • 1980 – Eoin Reddan, Irish rugby union player
  • 1980 – Martina Suchá, Slovak tennis player
  • 1981Carlos Boozer, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Espen Hoff, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Yuko Kavaguti, Japanese ice skater
  • 1981 – Ye Li, Chinese basketball player
  • 1981 – Andrea Riseborough, English actress
  • 1981 – İbrahim Toraman, Turkish footballer
  • 1981 – Orsolya Tóth, Hungarian actress
  • 1981 – Kimberley Walsh, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1982Stephen Ademolu, Canadian footballer
  • 1982 – Bobby Creekwater, American rapper
  • 1982 – Dương Hồng Sơn, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1982 – Rémi Mathis, French historian and curator
  • 1982 – Shermine Shahrivar, Iranian model
  • 1982 – Margo Stilley, American actress and writer
  • 1982 – Gregor Urbas, Slovenian figure skater
  • 1982 – Israel Villaseñor, Mexican footballer
  • 1983Future, American rapper
  • 1983 – Dele Aiyenugba, Nigerian footballer
  • 1983 – Mónika Kovacsicz, Hungarian handballer
  • 1984Ali, South Korean singer
  • 1984 – Halley Feiffer, American actress and playwright
  • 1984 – Kévin Hecquefeuille, French ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Justin Hoyte, English footballer
  • 1984 – Jeremy Jordan, American actor
  • 1984 – Cartier Martin, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Nelson Sebastián Maz, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1984 – Sherjill MacDonald, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Moe Meguro, Japanese curler
  • 1984 – Ferdinando Monfardini, Italian race car driver
  • 1984 – Florencia Mutio, Argentine field hockey player
  • 1984 – Stéphane N'Guéma, Gabonese footballer
  • 1984 – Naoya Tamura, Japanese footballer
  • 1984 – Monique van der Vorst, Dutch cyclist
  • 1984 – Lee Yun-yeol, South Korean gamer
  • 1985Juan Cruz Álvarez, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1985 – Eric Boateng, British basketball player
  • 1985 – Dan Byrd, American actor
  • 1985 – Muhamed Demiri, Macedonian footballer
  • 1985 – Greg Holland, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Maria Mukhortova, Russian skater
  • 1985 – Heinrich Schmidtgal, Kazakhstani footballer
  • 1985 – Themistoklis Tzimopoulos, Greek New Zealander footballer
  • 1985 – Aaron Yan, Taiwanese actor and singer
  • 1986Josh Carter, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Edder Delgado, Honduran footballer
  • 1986 – Ashley Fink, American actress and singer
  • 1986 – Kōhei Horikoshi, Japanese manga artist
  • 1986 – Özer Hurmacı, Turkish footballer
  • 1986 – William Fernando da Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Oliver Sykes, English singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Bartolomé Salvá Vidal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Koudai Tsukakoshi, Japanese race car driver
  • 1987Amelia Rose Blaire, American actress
  • 1987 – Andrew Driver, English footballer
  • 1987 – Ben Hamer, English footballer
  • 1987 – Mylène Lazare, French swimmer
  • 1987 – Kou Lei, Ukrainian table tennis player
  • 1987 – Nathan Lyon, Australian cricketer
  • 1987 – Joëlle Numainville, Canadian cyclist
  • 1987 – Christoph Pfingsten, German cyclist
  • 1987 – Valdet Rama, Albanian footballer
  • 1987 – Gina Stechert, German alpine skier
  • 1988Marie-Laure Brunet, French biathlete
  • 1988 – Aya Medany, Egyptian modern pentathlete.
  • 1988 – Max Pacioretty, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Roberto Rosales, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1988 – Dariga Shakimova, Kazakhstani boxer
  • 1988 – Dušan Tadić, Serbian footballer
  • 1988 – Rhys Wakefield, Australian actor and director
  • 1989Artak Dashyan, Armenian footballer
  • 1989 – Babita Kumari, Indian wrestler
  • 1989 – Cody Linley, American actor and singer
  • 1989 – Agon Mehmeti, Swedish footballer
  • 1989 – Jonas Mendes, Bissau-Guinean footballer
  • 1989 – Sergei Polunin, Ukrainian ballet dancer
  • 1989 – Eduardo Vargas, Chilean footballer
  • 1989 – Dmitry Zhitnikov, Russian handballer
  • 1990Haley Anderson, American swimmer
  • 1990 – Mark Christian, Manx cyclist
  • 1990 – Aleksandra Król, Polish snowboarder
  • 1990 – Slobodan Medojević, Serbian footballer
  • 1990 – Nzuzi Toko, Congolese footballer
  • 1991Irene Esser, Venezuelan actress and model
  • 1991 – Grant Hanley, Scottish footballer
  • 1991 – Anthony Knockaert, French footballer
  • 1991 – Yvonne Leuko, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1991 – Christian Lindell, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1991 – Kim Se-yong, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1991 – Tim Simona, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1992Amit Guluzade, Azerbaijani footballer
  • 1992 – Zoltán Harcsa, Hungarian boxer
  • 1992 – Maiha Ishimura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1992 – Kristiina Mäkelä, Finnish triple jumper
  • 1992 – Gaku Matsuda, Japanese actor
  • 1992 – Jenna Prandini, American track and field athlete
  • 1992 – Brayan Ramirez, Colombian cyclist
  • 1992 – Freddie Veseli, Albanian footballer
  • 1993Junior Paulo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1993 – Sanjin Prcić, Bosnian footballer
  • 1993 – Anna Prugova, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1993 – Sumire Satō, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1994Timothy Kitum, Kenyan middle distance runner
  • 1995Théo Bongonda, Belgian footballer
  • 1995 – Timothy Cheruiyot, Kenyan athlete[11]
  • 1995 – Iván Garcia, Spanish cyclist
  • 1995 – Shaolin Sándor Liu, Hungarian short track speed skater
  • 1995 – Kyle Snyder, American wrestler
  • 1996Jack Harrison, English professional footballer[12]
  • 1996 – Blaž Janc, Slovenian handballer[13]
  • 1996 – Denis Zakaria, Swiss footballer[14]
  • 1997Levi Garcia, Trinidadian footballer[15]
  • 2000Connie Talbot, English singer-songwriter[16]
  • 2002Madisyn Shipman, American actress[17]

Deaths

  • 284Numerian, Roman emperor
  • 763Domnall Midi, High King of Ireland (b. 743)
  • 811Li Fan, Chinese chancellor (b. 754)
  • 855Theoktistos, Byzantine courtier
  • 869Edmund the Martyr, English king (b. 841)
  • 927Xu Wen, Chinese general (b. 862)
  • 996Richard I, duke of Normandy (b. 932)
  • 1008Geoffrey I, duke of Brittany (b. 980)
  • 1022Bernward of Hildesheim, German bishop (b. c. 960)
  • 1314Albert II, German nobleman (b. 1240)
  • 1316John I, king of France and Navarra (b. 1316)
  • 1400Elisabeth of Moravia, margravine of Meissen
  • 1480Eleanor of Scotland, Scottish princess (b. 1433)
  • 1518Pierre de la Rue, Belgian singer and composer (b. 1452)
  • 1559Lady Frances Brandon, English noblewoman and claimant to the throne of England (b. 1517)
  • 1591Christopher Hatton, English academic and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1540)
  • 1593Hans Bol, Flemish painter (b. 1534)
  • 1606John Lyly, English poet and courtier
  • 1612John Harington, English courtier and author (b. 1561)
  • 1651Mikołaj Potocki, Polish nobleman (b. 1595)
  • 1678Karel Dujardin, Dutch Golden Age painter (b. 1622)
  • 1662Leopold Wilhelm, Austrian duke and governor (b. 1614)
  • 1695Zumbi, Brazilian king (b. 1655)
  • 1704Charles Plumier, French botanist and painter (b. 1646)
  • 1737Caroline of Ansbach, queen of England and Ireland (b. 1683)
  • 1742Melchior de Polignac, French cardinal and poet (b. 1661)
  • 1758Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish violinist and composer (b. 1694)
  • 1764Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician and theorist (b. 1690)
  • 1773Charles Jennens, English landowner and patron of the arts
  • 1778Francesco Cetti, Italian priest, zoologist, and mathematician (b. 1726)
  • 1824Carl Axel Arrhenius, Swedish chemist (b. 1757)
  • 1856Farkas Bolyai, Romanian-Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1775)
  • 1864Albert Newsam, American painter and illustrator (b. 1809)
  • 1866Otto Karl Berg, German botanist and pharmacist (b. 1815)
  • 1880Léon Cogniet, French painter (b. 1794)
  • 1882Henry Draper, American doctor and astronomer (b. 1837)
  • 1886William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1894Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1829)
  • 1898Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet, English engineer (b. 1817)
  • 1903Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat, French race car driver (b. 1867)
  • 1903 – Tom Horn, American scout, cowboy, soldier
  • 1908Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor (b. 1829)
  • 1908 – Georgy Voronoy, Ukrainian mathematician and academic (b. 1868)
  • 1910Leo Tolstoy, Russian author and playwright (b. 1828)
  • 1918John Bauer, Swedish painter and illustrator (b.1882)
  • 1923Allen Holubar, American actor and director
  • 1924Ebenezer Cobb Morley, English sportsman and the father of the Football Association and modern football (b. 1831)
  • 1925Alexandra of Denmark, queen of England (b. 1844)
  • 1930Bill Holland, American track and field athlete (b. 1874)
  • 1933Augustine Birrell, British politician (b. 1815)
  • 1934Willem de Sitter, Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1872)
  • 1935John Jellicoe, Royal Navy officer (b. 1859)
  • 1936Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish mechanic and activist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1938Maud of Wales, queen of Norway (b. 1869)
  • 1938 – Edwin Hall, American physicist (b. 1855)
  • 1940Arturo Bocchini, Chief of Police under the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini (b. 1880)
  • 1940 – Tim Coleman, English footballer (b. 1881)
  • 1940 – Robert Lane, Canadian footballer (b. 1882)
  • 1941Elmar Muuk, Estonian linguist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1944Maria Jacobini, Italian actress (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – Francis William Aston, English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1947Wolfgang Borchert, German author and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 1950Francesco Cilea, Italian composer (b. 1866)
  • 1952Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1954Clyde Vernon Cessna, American pilot and engineer, founded the Cessna Aircraft Corporation (b. 1879)
  • 1957Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian painter and illustrator (b. 1875)
  • 1959Sylvia Lopez, French model and actress (b. 1933)
  • 1960Ya'akov Cahan, Israeli writer and translator (b. 1881)
  • 1972Ennio Flaiano, Italian writer and journalist (b. 1910)
  • 1973Allan Sherman, American actor, comedian, and producer (b. 1924)
  • 1975Francisco Franco, Spanish Fascist dictator (b. 1892)
  • 1976Trofim Lysenko, Ukrainian-Russian biologist and agronomist (b. 1898)
  • 1978Giorgio de Chirico, Greek-Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1888)
  • 1978 – Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian soldier and poet (b. 1890)
  • 1980John McEwen, Australian lawyer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1900)
  • 1983Marcel Dalio, French actor and playwright (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Richard Loo, Chinese-American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1984Carlo Campanini, Italian actor, singer and comedian (b. 1904)
  • 1984 – Kristian Djurhuus, Faroese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Pakistani journalist and poet (b. 1911)
  • 1989Lynn Bari, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1992Raul Renter, Estonian economist and chess player (b. 1920)
  • 1994Jānis Krūmiņš, Latvian basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 1995Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater (b. 1967)
  • 1995 – Robie Macauley, American editor, novelist and critic (b. 1919)
  • 1997Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Robert Palmer, American saxophonist, producer, and author (b. 1945)
  • 1998Roland Alphonso, Jamaican saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 1998 – Galina Starovoytova, Russian ethnographer and politician (b. 1946)
  • 1999Amintore Fanfani, Italian journalist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1908)
  • 2000Mike Muuss, American computer programmer, created Ping (b. 1958)
  • 2000 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish author (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Barbara Sobotta, Polish athlete (b. 1936)
  • 2002Kakhi Asatiani, Georgian footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2003Robert Addie, English actor (b. 1960 )
  • 2003 – David Dacko, African educator and politician, 1st President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Eugene Kleiner, American businessman, co-founded Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (b. 1923)
  • 2004Ancel Keys, American physiologist (b. 1904)
  • 2005Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian journalist and poet (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – James King, American tenor (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Chris Whitley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1960)
  • 2006Robert Altman, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Zoia Ceaușescu, Romanian mathematician and academic (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Donald Hamilton, American author (b. 1916)
  • 2007Kenneth S. Kleinknecht, NASA manager (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Ian Smith, Rhodesian lieutenant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
  • 2009Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer (b. 1925)
  • 2010Chalmers Johnson, American author and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2012Kaspars Astašenko, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1975)
  • 2012 – William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Pete La Roca, American jazz drummer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Ivan Kušan, Croatian writer (b. 1933)
  • 2013Sylvia Browne, American author (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Dieter Hildebrandt, Polish-German actor and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2014Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba (b. 1926)
  • 2015Keith Michell, Australian actor (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Jim Perry, American-Canadian singer and game show host (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Kitanoumi Toshimitsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 55th Yokozuna (b. 1953)
  • 2016Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer (b. 1984)
  • 2016 – Gene Guarilia, American basketball player (b. 1937)
  • 2016 – Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, Greek statesman (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – William Trevor, Irish novelist, playwright, and short story writer (b. 1928)
  • 2017Peter Berling, German actor, film producer and writer (b. 1934)
  • 2018James H. Billington, 13th Librarian of Congress (b. 1929)[18]
  • 2018 – Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-English chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)[19]
  • 2019Wataru Misaka, American basketball player (b. 1923)[20]

Holidays and observances

  • 20-N (Spain)
  • Africa Industrialization Day (international)
  • Black Awareness Day (Brazil)
  • Children's Day
  • Christian feast day:
    • Agapius
    • Ambrose Traversari
    • Ampelus and Caius
    • Blessed Anacleto González Flores, José Sánchez del Río, and companions (Martyrs of Cristero War)
    • Bernward of Hildesheim
    • Dasius of Durostorum
    • Edmund the Martyr
    • Felec (or Felix) of Cornwall
    • Gregory of Dekapolis
    • Blessed Josaphata Hordashevska (Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church)
    • Solutor, Octavius, and Adventor
    • Theonestus of Vercelli
    • November 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which the Feast of Christ the King can fall, while November 26 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday before Advent. (Roman Catholic Church)
  • National Sovereignty Day (Argentina)
  • Revolution Day (Mexico)
  • Royal Thai Navy Day (Thailand)
  • Teachers' Day or Ngày nhà giáo Việt Nam (Vietnam)
  • Transgender Day of Remembrance (LGBT community)

References

  1. Hazlitt, W. Carew (1900). The Venetian Republic: Its Rise, its Growth, and its Fall, 421–1797. Volume II, 1423–1797. London: Adam and Charles Black. pp. 79–80.
  2. Michael G. Fry, Erik Goldstein and Richard Langhorne, Guide to International Relations and Diplomacy, "The Congress and Concert of Europe, 1814–1830" p, 118.
  3. Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Yakovlev Yak-42D RA-42390 Ohrid Airport (OHD)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  4. "José Antonio Alzate" (in Spanish). Government of the State of Mexico. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  5. Wikisource. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  6. "Selma Lagerlöf | Swedish author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  7. "George Holley". 11v11.com. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  8. "Jeno Vincze". 11v11.com. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  9. "Paul Zielinski". 11v11.com. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  10. "Ivan Hrdlicka". 11v11.com. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  11. "Timothy Cheruiyot". World Athletics. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  12. "Jack Harrison Stats, News, Bio". ESPN. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  13. "Blaz Janc - Player Profile - Håndball". Eurosport. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  14. "Denis Zakaria Stats, News, Bio". ESPN. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  15. "Levi García - Player Profile - Fodbold". Eurosport. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  16. "Connie Talbot". Young Voices. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  17. "Madisyn Shipman". Africa Health Organisation. 9 September 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  18. Langer, Emily. "James H. Billington, long-reigning librarian of Congress, dies at 89". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  19. "Aaron Klug (1926 - 2018)". MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology. 21 November 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  20. Goldstein, Richard (November 21, 2019). "Wat Misaka, First Nonwhite in Modern Pro Basketball, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2019.

External links


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