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2021

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  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)
  2011 (Saturday)

November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 42 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 461Libius Severus is declared emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The real power is in the hands of the magister militum Ricimer.[1]
  • 636 – The Rashidun Caliphate defeats the Sasanian Empire at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah in Iraq.
  • 1493Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island called Borinquen he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed again Puerto Rico).[2]
  • 1794 – The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay's Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1802 – The Garinagu arrive at British Honduras (Present day Belize)
  • 1816Warsaw University is established.[3]
  • 1847 – The second Canadian railway line, the Montreal and Lachine Railroad, is opened.
  • 1863American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1881 – A meteorite lands near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885Serbo-Bulgarian War: Bulgarian victory in the Battle of Slivnitsa solidifies the unification between the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia.
  • 1911 – The Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain.
  • 1912First Balkan War: The Serbian Army captures Bitola, ending the five-century-long Ottoman rule of Macedonia.
  • 1916Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 1941World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR's favor.
  • 1942 – Mutesa II is crowned the 35th and last Kabaka (king) of Buganda, prior to the restoration of the kingdom in 1993.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
  • 1944 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 1944 – World War II: Thirty members of the Luxembourgish resistance defend the town of Vianden against a larger Waffen-SS attack in the Battle of Vianden.
  • 1946Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
  • 1950 – US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Commander of NATO-Europe.
  • 1952 – Greek Field Marshal Alexander Papagos becomes the 152nd Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1954Télé Monte Carlo, Europe's oldest private television channel, is launched by Prince Rainier III.
  • 1955National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1959 – The Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel.
  • 1967 – The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
  • 1969Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum (the "Ocean of Storms") and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
  • 1969 – Association football player Pelé scores his 1,000th goal.
  • 1977TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes in the Madeira Islands, killing 131.
  • 1979Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
  • 1984San Juanico disaster: A series of explosions at the Pemex petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.
  • 1985Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
  • 1985 – Pennzoil wins a US$10.53 billion judgment against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
  • 1985 – Police in Baling, Malaysia, lay siege to houses occupied by an Islamic sect of about 400 people led by Ibrahim Mahmud.
  • 1988Serbian communist representative and future Serbian and Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević publicly declares that Serbia is under attack from Albanian separatists in Kosovo as well as internal treachery within Yugoslavia and a foreign conspiracy to destroy Serbia and Yugoslavia.
  • 1994 – In the United Kingdom, the first National Lottery draw is held. A £1 ticket gave a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
  • 1996 – Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1998Clinton–Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1998 – Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million.
  • 1999Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 2002 – The Greek oil tanker Prestige splits in half and sinks off the coast of Galicia, releasing over 20 million US gallons (76,000 m³) of oil in the largest environmental disaster in Spanish and Portuguese history.
  • 2004 – The Malice at the Palace: The worst brawl in NBA history, Ron Artest suspended 86 games (rest of season), Stephen Jackson suspended 30 games.
  • 2006Nintendo's first video game console with motion control, the Wii, is released.
  • 2010 – The first of four explosions takes place at the Pike River Mine in New Zealand. Twenty-nine people are killed in the nation's worst mining disaster since 1914.
  • 2013 – A double suicide bombing at the Iranian embassy in Beirut kills 23 people and injures 160 others.
  • 2019Google launches its cloud gaming service Stadia.

Births

  • 1417Frederick I, Count Palatine of Simmern (d. 1480)
  • 1464Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
  • 1503Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1547)[4]
  • 1563Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English poet and politician (d. 1626)[5]
  • 1600Charles I of England (d. 1649)
  • 1600 – Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian and diplomat (d. 1669)
  • 1617Eustache Le Sueur, French painter and educator (d. 1655)
  • 1700Jean-Antoine Nollet, French priest and physicist (d. 1770)
  • 1711Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian physicist, chemist, astronomer, and geographer (d. 1765)
  • 1722Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
  • 1722 – Benjamin Chew, American lawyer and judge (d. 1810)
  • 1752George Rogers Clark, American general (d. 1818)
  • 1770Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor and academic (d. 1844)
  • 1802Solomon Foot, American lawyer and politician (d. 1866)
  • 1805Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and engineer, developed the Suez Canal (d. 1894)
  • 1808Janez Bleiweis, Slovenian journalist, physician, and politician (d. 1881)
  • 1812Karl Schwarz, German theologian and politician (d. 1885)
  • 1828Rani Lakshmibai, Indian queen (d. 1858)
  • 1831James A. Garfield, American general, lawyer, and politician, 20th President of the United States (d. 1881)
  • 1833Wilhelm Dilthey, German psychologist, sociologist, and historian (d. 1911)
  • 1834Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1843Richard Avenarius, German-Swiss philosopher and academic (d. 1896)
  • 1843 – C. X. Larrabee, American businessman (d. 1914)
  • 1845Agnes Giberne, Indian-English astronomer and author (d. 1939)
  • 1859Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1935)
  • 1862Billy Sunday, American baseball player and evangelist (d. 1935)
  • 1873Elizabeth McCombs, the first woman elected to the Parliament of New Zealand (d. 1935)
  • 1875Mikhail Kalinin, Russian civil servant and politician, 1st Head of State of The Soviet Union (d. 1946)[6]
  • 1876Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and theorist (d. 1964)
  • 1877Giuseppe Volpi, Italian businessman and politician, founded the Venice Film Festival (d. 1947)
  • 1883Ned Sparks, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1957)
  • 1887James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1888José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban-American chess player and theologian (d. 1942)
  • 1889Clifton Webb, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1966)[7]
  • 1892Thomas Clay, English footballer and coach (d. 1949)
  • 1892 – Huw T. Edwards, Welsh poet and politician (d. 1970)[8]
  • 1893René Voisin, French trumpet player (d. 1952)
  • 1894Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (d. 1987)
  • 1895Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1895 – Evert van Linge, Dutch footballer and architect (d. 1964)
  • 1897Quentin Roosevelt, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1898Klement Jug, Slovenian philosopher and mountaineer (d. 1924)
  • 1898 – Arthur R. von Hippel, German-American physicist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1899Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian religious leader and scholar (d. 1992)
  • 1899 – Allen Tate, American poet and critic (d. 1979)
  • 1900Bunny Ahearne, Irish-English ice hockey player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian mathematician and hydrodynamicist (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Anna Seghers, German author and politician (d. 1983)
  • 1901Nina Bari, Russian mathematician (d. 1961)[9]
  • 1904Nathan Freudenthal Leopold, Jr., American murderer (d. 1971)
  • 1905Eleanor Audley, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist, composer and bandleader (d. 1956)
  • 1906Franz Schädle, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1907Jack Schaefer, American author (d. 1991)
  • 1909Peter Drucker, Austrian-American theorist, educator, and author (d. 2005)
  • 1910Adrian Conan Doyle, English racing driver, author, and explorer (d. 1970)
  • 1912Bernard Joseph McLaughlin, American bishop (d. 2015)
  • 1912 – George Emil Palade, Romanian-American biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1912 – Robert Simpson, American meteorologist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1915Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr., American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)[10]
  • 1917Indira Gandhi, Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
  • 1919Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Alan Young, English-Canadian actor, singer, and director (d. 2016)
  • 1919 – Lolita Lebrón, Puerto Rican nationalist (d. 2010)
  • 1920Gene Tierney, American actress and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1921Roy Campanella, American baseball player and coach (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Peter Ruckman, American pastor and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1922Salil Chowdhury, Indian director, playwright, and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Yuri Knorozov, Ukrainian-Russian linguist, epigrapher, and ethnographer (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rajko Mitić, Serbian footballer and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1923Louis D. Rubin, Jr., American author, critic, and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1924William Russell, English actor
  • 1924 – Knut Steen, Norwegian-Italian sculptor (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Margaret Turner-Warwick, English physician and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1925Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-English sociologist, historian, and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1926Jeane Kirkpatrick, American academic and diplomat, 16th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Pino Rauti, Italian journalist and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Barry Reckord, Jamaican playwright and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1928Dara Singh, Indian wrestler, actor, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1929Norman Cantor, Canadian-American historian and scholar (d. 2004)
  • 1930Kurt Nielsen, Danish tennis player, referee, and sportscaster (d. 2011)
  • 1932Eleanor F. Helin, American astronomer (d. 2009)
  • 1933Larry King, American journalist and talk show host
  • 1933 – Jerry Sheindlin, American judge and author
  • 1934Kurt Hamrin, Swedish footballer and scout
  • 1934 – Valentin Ivanov, Russian footballer and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1934 – David Lloyd-Jones, English conductor
  • 1935Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-American biochemist and scholar (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Jack Welch, American engineer, businessman, and author (d. 2020)
  • 1936Dick Cavett, American actor and talk show host
  • 1936 – Ray Collins, American singer (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937Penelope Leach, English psychologist and author
  • 1938Len Killeen, South African rugby league player (d. 2011)
  • 1938 – Frank Misson, Australian cricketer
  • 1938 – Ted Turner, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Turner Broadcasting System
  • 1939Emil Constantinescu, Romanian academic and politician, 3rd President of Romania
  • 1939 – Tom Harkin, American commander, lawyer, and politician
  • 1939 – Jane Mansbridge, American political scientist and academic
  • 1939 – Warren "Pete" Moore, American singer-songwriter and record producer (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Richard Zare, American chemist and academic
  • 1940Gary Gruber, author and expert on test-prep
  • 1941Dan Haggerty, American actor and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Tommy Thompson, American captain and politician, 19th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • 1942Roland Clift, English engineer and academic[11]
  • 1942 – Larry Gilbert, American golfer (d. 1998)
  • 1942 – Calvin Klein, American fashion designer, founded Calvin Klein Inc.
  • 1942 – Sharon Olds, American poet and academic[12]
  • 1943Fred Lipsius, American saxophonist and educator
  • 1943 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban-American baseball player and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1944Agnes Baltsa, Greek soprano and actress[13]
  • 1944 – Dennis Hull, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Hans Monderman, Dutch engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1945Bobby Tolan, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947Bob Boone, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947 – Anfinn Kallsberg, Faroese politician, 10th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1947 – Lamar S. Smith, American lawyer and politician
  • 1949Raymond Blanc, French chef and author
  • 1949 – Ahmad Rashād, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1950Peter Biyiasas, Greek-Canadian chess player
  • 1951Charles Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, Scottish lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1953Robert Beltran, American actor
  • 1953 – Tom Villard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1954Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egyptian field marshal and politician, 6th President of Egypt
  • 1954 – Réjean Lemelin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1954 – Kathleen Quinlan, American actress
  • 1955Sam Hamm, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1956Peter Carter, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Estonia (d. 2014)
  • 1956 – Eileen Collins, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1956 – Ann Curry, Guamanian-American journalist
  • 1956 – Glynnis O'Connor, American actress
  • 1956 – Sergiy Vilkomir, Ukrainian-born computer scientist (d. 2020)
  • 1957Ofra Haza, Israeli singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1957 – Tom Virtue, American actor
  • 1958Isabella Blow, English magazine editor (d. 2007)
  • 1958 – Algirdas Butkevičius, Lithuanian sergeant and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Lithuania
  • 1958 – Terrence C. Carson, American actor and singer
  • 1958 – Annette Gordon-Reed, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1958 – Charlie Kaufman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Michael Wilbon, American sportscaster and journalist
  • 1959Robert Barron, American bishop, author, and theologian
  • 1959 – Jo Bonner, American politician
  • 1959 – Allison Janney, American actress
  • 1960Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Matt Sorum, American drummer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1961Jim L. Mora, American football player and coach
  • 1961 – Meg Ryan, American actress and producer
  • 1961 – Pernille Svarre, Danish athlete[14]
  • 1962Jodie Foster, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1962 – Sean Parnell, American lawyer and politician, 12th Governor of Alaska
  • 1962 – Dodie Boy Peñalosa, Filipino boxer and trainer
  • 1963Terry Farrell, American actress
  • 1963 – Jon Potter, English-American field hockey player
  • 1964Fred Diamond, American-English mathematician and academic
  • 1964 – Vincent Herring, American saxophonist and flute player
  • 1964 – Phil Hughes, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Jung Jin-young, South Korean actor
  • 1964 – Irina Laricheva, Russian target shooter
  • 1964 – Eric Musselman, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964 – Nicholas Patrick, English-American engineer and astronaut
  • 1964 – Peter Rohde, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Tony Ryall, New Zealand banker and politician, 38th New Zealand Minister of Health
  • 1964 – Ronnie Sinclair, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Alfredo Zaiat, Argentine economist and journalist
  • 1964 – Shawn Holman, American baseball pitcher
  • 1965Laurent Blanc, French footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Douglas Henshall, Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Jason Pierce, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Paulo S. L. M. Barreto, Brazilian cryptographer and academic
  • 1965 – Paul Weitz, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and playwright
  • 1966Shmuley Boteach, American rabbi and author
  • 1966 – Gail Devers, American sprinter and hurdler
  • 1966 – Rocco DiSpirito, American chef and author
  • 1966 – Kakhaber Kacharava, Georgian footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Jason Scott Lee, American actor and martial artist
  • 1967Randi Kaye, American journalist
  • 1969Philippe Adams, Belgian racing driver
  • 1969 – Erika Alexander, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Ertuğrul Sağlam, Turkish footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Richard Virenque, Moroccan-French cyclist and sportscaster
  • 1971Saleemah Abdul-Ghafur, African-American author and activist[15]
  • 1971 – Justin Chancellor, English bass player
  • 1971 – Jeremy McGrath, American motorcycle racer
  • 1971 – Naoko Mori, Japanese-English actress and singer
  • 1971 – Alice Peacock, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Tony Rich, American R&B singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1972Sandrine Holt, English-American model and actress
  • 1973Billy Currington, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1975Toby Bailey, American basketball player and agent
  • 1975 – Sushmita Sen, Indian actress, model and Miss Universe 1994
  • 1976Jack Dorsey, American businessman, co-founded Twitter
  • 1976 – Robin Dunne, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Jun Shibata, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Petr Sýkora, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Stylianos Venetidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1977Kerri Strug, American gymnast and runner
  • 1977Arun Vijay, Indian-Tamil film actor
  • 1978Dries Buytaert, Belgian computer programmer, founded Acquia
  • 1978 – Matt Dusk, Canadian singer
  • 1978 – Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová, Czech discus thrower and shot putter
  • 1979Keith Buckley, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Mahé Drysdale, New Zealand rower
  • 1979 – John-Ford Griffin, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Howard, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Larry Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Leam Richardson, English footballer and manager
  • 1980Courtney Anderson, American football player
  • 1980 – Otis Grigsby, American football player
  • 1980 – Vladimir Radmanović, Serbian basketball player
  • 1981Marcus Banks, American basketball player
  • 1981 – André Lotterer, German racing driver
  • 1981 – Juan Martín Fernández Lobbe, Argentine rugby player
  • 1981 – DJ Tukutz, South Korean DJ, producer, and songwriter
  • 1981 – Mark Wallace, Welsh-English cricketer
  • 1983Chandra Crawford, Canadian skier
  • 1983 – Adam Driver, American actor
  • 1983 – Daria Werbowy, Polish-Canadian model
  • 1984Dawid Kucharski, Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Brittany Maynard, American activist (d. 2014)
  • 1985Chris Eagles, English footballer
  • 1985 – Alex Mack, American football player
  • 1986Sam Betty, English rugby player
  • 1986 – Jeannie Ortega, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1986 – Michael Saunders, Canadian baseball player
  • 1986 – Jessicah Schipper, Australian swimmer
  • 1986 – Milan Smiljanić, Serbian footballer
  • 1987Sílvia Soler Espinosa, Spanish tennis player
  • 1988Timo Eichfuss, Estonian basketball player
  • 1988 – Patrick Kane, American ice hockey player
  • 1989John McCarthy, Australian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1989 – Roman Sergeevich Trofimov, Russian ski jumper
  • 1989 – Tyga, American rapper
  • 1990Marquise Goodwin, American football player
  • 1990 – John Moore, American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Benedikt Schmid, German footballer
  • 1991Marina Marković, Serbian basketball player
  • 1991 – Fabien Antunes, French footballer
  • 1992Cameron Bancroft, Australian cricketer
  • 1993Kerim Frei, Austrian footballer
  • 1993 – Suso, Spanish footballer
  • 1994Ibrahima Mbaye, Senegalese footballer
  • 1995Vanessa Axente, Hungarian model[16]
  • 1999Evgenia Medvedeva, Russian figure skater[17]

Deaths

  • 496Pope Gelasius I
  • 498Pope Anastasius II
  • 930Yan Keqiu, Chinese chief strategist
  • 1034Theodoric II, Margrave of Lower Lusatia (b. c. 990)
  • 1092Malik-Shah I, Seljuk Sultan
  • 1288Rudolf I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. 1230)
  • 1298Mechtilde, Saxon saint (b. c. 1240)
  • 1350Raoul II of Brienne, Count of Eu[18]
  • 1481Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk (b. 1472)
  • 1557Bona Sforza, Italian wife of Sigismund I the Old (b. 1494)
  • 1577Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese daimyō (b. 1510)
  • 1581Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia (b. 1554)
  • 1630Johann Hermann Schein, German singer and composer (b. 1586)
  • 1649Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and author (b. 1576)
  • 1665Nicolas Poussin, French-Italian painter (b. 1594)
  • 1672John Wilkins, English bishop and philosopher (b. 1614)
  • 1679Roger Conant, Massachusetts governor (b. 1592)
  • 1692Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright (b. 1642)
  • 1703Man in the Iron Mask, French prisoner
  • 1723Antoine Nompar de Caumont, French courtier and soldier (b. 1632)
  • 1772William Nelson, American politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1711)
  • 1773James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish soldier and politician (b. 1722)
  • 1785Bernard de Bury, French harpsichord player and composer (b. 1720)
  • 1798Wolfe Tone, Irish general (b. 1763)
  • 1804Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi, Italian composer (b. 1728)
  • 1810Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1725)
  • 1822Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1828Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1797)
  • 1850Richard Mentor Johnson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 9th Vice President of the United States (b. 1780)
  • 1868Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • 1883Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German-English engineer (b. 1823)
  • 1887Emma Lazarus, American poet (b. 1849)
  • 1897William Seymour Tyler, American historian and academic (b. 1810)
  • 1910Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig, German chemist (b. 1835)
  • 1915Joe Hill, Swedish-born American labor activist (b. 1879)
  • 1918Joseph F. Smith, American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1838)
  • 1924Thomas H. Ince, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1882)
  • 1928Jeanne Bérangère, French actress (b. 1864)
  • 1931Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet and translator (b. 1897)
  • 1938Lev Shestov, Ukrainian-Russian philosopher and theologian (b. 1866)
  • 1942Bruno Schulz, Polish painter and critic (b. 1892)
  • 1943Miyagiyama Fukumatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 29th Yokozuna (b. 1895)
  • 1949James Ensor, Belgian painter (b. 1860)
  • 1950Aage Redal, Danish actor (b. 1891)
  • 1954Walter Bartley Wilson, English footballer and manager (b. 1870)
  • 1955Marquis James, American journalist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1956Francis L. Sullivan, English-American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1959Joseph Charbonneau, Canadian archbishop (b. 1892)
  • 1960Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1962Grigol Robakidze, Georgian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1882)
  • 1963Carmen Boni, Italian-French actress (b. 1901)
  • 1963 – Henry B. Richardson, American archer (b. 1889)
  • 1967Charles J. Watters, American priest and soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
  • 1968May Hollinworth, Australian theatre producer and director (b. 1895)[19]
  • 1970Lewis Sargent, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1974George Brunies, American trombonist (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1975Roger D. Branigin, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 42nd Governor of Indiana (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Rudolf Kinau, Low German writer (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Taylor (novelist), English novelist, (b. 1912)
  • 1976Basil Spence, Indian-Scottish architect and academic, designed the Coventry Cathedral (b. 1907)
  • 1983Tom Evans, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 1985Stepin Fetchit, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Juan Arvizu, Mexican lyric opera tenor and bolero vocalist (b. 1900)
  • 1988Christina Onassis, American-Greek businesswoman (b. 1950)
  • 1988 – Peggy Parish, American author (b. 1927)
  • 1989Grant Adcox, American race car driver (b. 1950)
  • 1990Sun Li-jen, Chinese general and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1991Reggie Nalder, Austrian-American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1992Bobby Russell, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1992 – Diane Varsi, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1998Ted Fujita, Japanese-American meteorologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Alan J. Pakula, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Bernard Thompson, English director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 1999Alexander Liberman, Russian-American artist and publisher (b. 1912)
  • 2001Marcelle Ferron, Canadian painter and stained glass artist (b. 1924)
  • 2003Ian Geoghegan, Australian racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 2004George Canseco, Filipino journalist and composer (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Piet Esser, Dutch sculptor and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Helmut Griem, German actor and director (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Trina Schart Hyman, American author and illustrator (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Terry Melcher, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1942)
  • 2004 – John Vane, English pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1927)
  • 2005Erik Balling, Danish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Steve Belichick, American football player, coach and scout (b. 1919)
  • 2007Kevin DuBrow, American singer-songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Mike Gregory, English rugby player and coach (b. 1964)
  • 2009Johnny Delgado, Filipino actor (b. 1948)
  • 2010Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1952)
  • 2011Ömer Lütfi Akad, Turkish director and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – John Neville, English actor (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Ruth Stone, American poet and author (b. 1915)
  • 2012John Hefin, Welsh director and producer (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Shiro Miya, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Warren Rudman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Boris Strugatskiy, Russian author (b. 1933)
  • 2013Babe Birrer, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Dora Dougherty Strother, American pilot and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ray Gosling, English journalist, author, and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Frederick Sanger, English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)[20]
  • 2013 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author and poet (b. 1915)
  • 2014Roy Bhaskar, English philosopher and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Jeremiah Coffey, Irish-Australian bishop (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Pete Harman, American businessman (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Richard A. Jensen, American theologian, author, and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Gholam Hossein Mazloumi, Iranian footballer and manager (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Mike Nichols, German-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2015Armand, Dutch singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Allen E. Ertel, American lawyer and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Ron Hynes, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Korrie Layun Rampan, Indonesian author, poet, and critic (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Mal Whitfield, American runner and diplomat (b. 1924)
  • 2017Charles Manson, American cult leader and mass murderer (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Warren "Pete" Moore, American singer-songwriter and record producer (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player (b. 1968)
  • 2017 – Della Reese, American singer and actress (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Mel Tillis, American singer and songwriter (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Obadiah (Eastern Catholic Church)
    • Raphael Kalinowski
    • Severinus, Exuperius, and Felician
    • November 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Discovery of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
  • Day of Missile Forces and Artillery (Russia, Belarus)
  • Flag Day (Brazil)
  • Garifuna Settlement Day (Belize)
  • International Men's Day
  • Liberation Day (Mali)
  • Martyrs' Day (Uttar Pradesh, India)
  • The Sovereign Prince's Day (Monaco)
  • Women's Entrepreneurship Day
  • World Toilet Day

References

  1. Cambridge University Press (2000). The Cambridge Ancient History: Late antiquity, empire and successors, A.D. 425-600. Cambridge University Press. p. 24.
  2. Michael Anthony (1992). The Golden Quest: The Four Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Macmillan Caribbean. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-333-56868-2.
  3. William Fiddian Reddaway (1941). The Cambridge History of Poland. CUP Archive. p. 279.
  4. George L. Williams (11 August 2004). Papal Genealogy: The Families and Descendants of the Popes. McFarland. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-7864-2071-1.
  5. Alan Hager (1 January 1997). Major Tudor Authors: A Bio-bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Greenwood Press. p. 428. ISBN 978-0-313-29436-5.
  6. A. T. Lane (1995). Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 475. ISBN 978-0-313-29899-8.
  7. Clifton Webb (17 May 2011). Sitting Pretty: The Life and Times of Clifton Webb. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-60473-997-8.
  8. Paul Ward (15 February 2011). Huw T. Edwards: British Labour and Welsh Socialism. University of Wales Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-78316-445-5.
  9. Spetich, Joan; Cameron, Douglas E. (1987). "Nina Karlovna Bari". In Grinstein, Louise S.; Campbell, Paul J. (eds.). Women of Mathematics: a Biobibliographic Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-3132-4849-8.
  10. "Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. | American pharmacologist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  11. Karl Strute (1984). Who's who in Technology. Who's Who Book & Pub. für Internationale Biographische Enzyklopädien. p. 426.
  12. Jay Parini (2004). The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. Oxford University Press. p. 316. ISBN 978-0-19-515653-9.
  13. "Agnes Baltsa". Opera Online. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  14. "Pernille SVARRE - Olympic Modern Pentathlon | Denmark". International Olympic Committee. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  15. Abdul-Ghafur, Saleemah (2012-04-03). Living Islam Out Loud: American Muslim Women Speak. Beacon Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-8070-9692-5.
  16. "Vanessa Axente". FashionModelDirectory.com. FMD. Retrieved 2019-11-19.
  17. "Evgenia Medvedeva". Edea Skates. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  18. Jonathan Sumption, The Hundred Years War: Trial by Fire, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 666.
  19. Murphy, Lynne (1996). "Hollinworth, May (1895–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 14. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISBN 0522842364. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  20. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958: Frederick Sanger – biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
    "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980: Frederick Sanger – autobiography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 10 August 2020.

External links


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