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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".November 18 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 43 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 326 – The old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated by Pope Sylvester I.[1]
  • 401 – The Visigoths, led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.[2]
  • 1095 – The Council of Clermont begins: called by Pope Urban II, it led to the First Crusade to the Holy Land.[3]
  • 1105 – Maginulfo is elected the Antipope as Sylvester IV.
  • 1180Phillip II becomes king of France.
  • 1210Pope Innocent III excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.
  • 1282Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
  • 1302Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam, claiming spiritual supremacy for the papacy.
  • 1421 – A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people. This event will be known as St Elizabeth's flood.
  • 1493Christopher Columbus first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico.
  • 1494 – French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
  • 1601Tiryaki Hasan Pasha, an Ottoman provincial governor, routs the Habsburg forces commanded by Ferdinand the Archduke of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.
  • 1626 – The new St Peter's Basilica is consecrated.
  • 1730 – The future Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.
  • 1760 – The rebuilt debtors' prison, at the Castellania in Valletta, receives the first prisoners.
  • 1803 – The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 1809 – In a naval action during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal.
  • 1812Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Krasnoi ends in French defeat, but Marshal of France Michel Ney's leadership leads to him becoming known as "the bravest of the brave".
  • 1863 – King Christian IX of Denmark signs the November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and leads to the German–Danish war of 1864.
  • 1865Mark Twain's short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is published in the New York Saturday Press.
  • 1872Susan B. Anthony and 14 other women are arrested for voting illegally in the United States presidential election of 1872.
  • 1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
  • 1901 – Britain and the United States sign the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty, which nullifies the Clayton–Bulwer Treaty and withdraws British objections to an American-controlled canal in Panama.
  • 1903 – The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1909 – Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
  • 1916World War I: First Battle of the Somme: In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
  • 1918Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
  • 1928 – Release of the animated short Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the third appearances of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey's birthday.
  • 1929Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on the Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula.
  • 1940World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous Italian invasion of Greece.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Berlin: Four hundred and forty Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
  • 1944 – The Popular Socialist Youth is founded in Cuba.
  • 1947 – The Ballantyne's Department Store fire in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41; it is the worst fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.
  • 1949 – The Iva Valley Shooting occurs after the coal miners of Enugu in Nigeria go on strike over withheld wages; 21 miners are shot dead and 51 are wounded by police under the supervision of the British colonial administration of Nigeria.
  • 1961 – United States President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.[4][5]
  • 1963 – The first push-button telephone goes into service.
  • 1970 – U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.
  • 1971Oman declares its independence from United Kingdom.
  • 1978 – In Jonestown, Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder–suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo Ryan is murdered by members of the Peoples Temple hours earlier.
  • 1987King's Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city's busiest underground station, King's Cross St Pancras.
  • 1988War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for drug traffickers.
  • 1991Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.
  • 1991 – After an 87-day siege, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.
  • 1993 – In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the House of Representatives.
  • 1993 – In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.
  • 1996 – A fire occurs on a train traveling through the Channel Tunnel from France to England causing several injuries and damaging approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.
  • 1999 – At Texas A&M University, the Aggie Bonfire collapses killing 12 students and injuring 27 others.
  • 2002Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • 2003 – The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180Script error: No such module "String".days to change the law making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.
  • 2012Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria becomes the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
  • 2013NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.

Births

  • 701Itzam K'an Ahk II, Mayan ruler (d. 757)
  • 709Emperor Kōnin of Japan (d. 782)
  • 1522Lamoral, Count of Egmont (d. 1568)
  • 1571Hippolytus Guarinonius, Italian physician and polymath (d. 1654)
  • 1576Philipp Ludwig II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1612)
  • 1630Eleonora Gonzaga, Italian wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1686)
  • 1647Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and author (d. 1706)
  • 1727Philibert Commerson, French physician and explorer (d. 1773)
  • 1736Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1800)
  • 1756Thomas Burgess, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1837)
  • 1772Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (d. 1806)
  • 1774Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1785David Wilkie, Scottish painter and academic (d. 1841)
  • 1787Louis Daguerre, French physicist and photographer, developed the daguerreotype (d. 1851)
  • 1804Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, Italian general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1810Asa Gray, American botanist and academic (d. 1888)
  • 1832Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish geologist and explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1833James Patterson, English-Australian politician, 17th Premier of Victoria (d. 1895)
  • 1836W. S. Gilbert, English playwright, poet, and illustrator (d. 1911)
  • 1839August Kundt, German physicist and educator (d. 1894)
  • 1856Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1860Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861Dorothy Dix, American journalist and author (d. 1951)
  • 1866Henry Daglish, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1920)
  • 1874Clarence Day, American author and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1876Victor Hémery, French race car driver (d. 1950)
  • 1880Naum Torbov, Bulgarian architect, designed the Central Sofia Market Hall (d. 1952)
  • 1882Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian-American soprano (d. 1963)
  • 1882 – Wyndham Lewis, English painter and critic (d. 1957)
  • 1882 – Jacques Maritain, French philosopher and author (d. 1973)
  • 1882 – Frances Gertrude McGill, pioneering Canadian forensic pathologist (d. 1959)[6]
  • 1883Carl Vinson, American judge and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1886Ferenc Münnich, Hungarian soldier and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1888Frances Marion, American screenwriter, novelist and journalist (d. 1973)
  • 1889Stanislav Kosior, Polish-Russian politician (d. 1939)
  • 1891Gio Ponti, Italian architect, industrial designer, furniture designer, artist, and publisher.(d. 1979)
  • 1897Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1899Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – Howard Thurman, American author, philosopher and civil rights activist (d. 1981)
  • 1901George Gallup, American statistician and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – V. Shantaram, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – Craig Wood, American golfer (d. 1968)
  • 1902Franklin Adreon, American film and television director (d. 1979)
  • 1904Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, English lieutenant and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Masao Koga, Japanese composer and guitarist (d. 1978)
  • 1906Sait Faik Abasıyanık, Turkish author and poet (d. 1954)
  • 1906 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the mini car (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Klaus Mann, German-American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – George Wald, American neurobiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1907Gustav Nezval, Czech actor (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Compay Segundo, Cuban singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1908Imogene Coca, American actress, comedian, and singer (d. 2001)
  • 1909Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter and producer, co-founded Capitol Records (d. 1976)
  • 1911Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and author (d. 2000)
  • 1912Vic Hey, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Hilda Nickson, English author (d. 1977)
  • 1913Endre Rozsda, Hungarian-French painter and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1914Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (d. 1969)
  • 1915Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
  • 1917Beebe Steven Lynk, African-American chemist and author (d. 1948)
  • 1917 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (d. 1957)
  • 1918İlhan Berk, Turkish poet and author (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Tasker Watkins, Welsh soldier, judge, and politician, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2007)
  • 1919Jocelyn Brando, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1920Mustafa Khalil, Egyptian lawyer and politician, 77th Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Robert Fryer, American playwright and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ron Suart, English football player and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1922Luis Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan politician, 70th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)
  • 1922 – Marjorie Gestring, American springboard diver (d. 1992)
  • 1923Alan Shepard, American admiral, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1924Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish soldier, engineer, and judge (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Anna Elisabeth (Lise) Østergaard, Danish psychologist and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1925Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1927Hank Ballard, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Knowlton Nash, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1928Salvador Laurel, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Sheila Jordan, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1929Gianna D'Angelo, American soprano and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1932Danny McDevitt, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1933Bruce Conner, American painter, photographer, and director (d. 2008)
  • 1934Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek journalist and diplomat
  • 1935Rudolf Bahro, German philosopher and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1935 – Rodney Hall, Australian author and poet
  • 1936Ennio Antonelli, Italian cardinal
  • 1936 – Don Cherry, American trumpet player (d. 1995)
  • 1938Jules Mikhael Al-Jamil, Iraqi-Lebanese archbishop (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Norbert Ratsirahonana, Malagasy politician, Prime Minister of Madagascar
  • 1938 – Karl Schranz, Austrian skier
  • 1939Margaret Atwood, Canadian novelist, poet, and critic
  • 1939 – Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, English journalist and politician, Leader of the House of Lords
  • 1939 – Amanda Lear, Hong Kong-French singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1939 – Brenda Vaccaro, American actress
  • 1940James Welch, American novelist and poet (d. 2003)
  • 1941Gary Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Angela Watkinson, English educator and politician
  • 1942Linda Evans, American actress
  • 1942 – Susan Sullivan, American actress
  • 1943Leonardo Sandri, Argentinian cardinal
  • 1944Wolfgang Joop, German fashion designer, founded JOOP!
  • 1944 – Edwin C. Krupp, American astronomer, archaeoastronomer, author, Director Griffith Observatory
  • 1945Wilma Mankiller, American tribal chief (d. 2010)
  • 1945 – Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th President of Sri Lanka
  • 1946Alan Dean Foster, American author
  • 1946 – Chris Rainbow, Scottish singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1947Timothy Maude, American general (d. 2001)
  • 1947 – Jameson Parker, American actor and producer
  • 1947 – Ross Wilson, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1948Tõnis Mägi, Estonian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1948 – Andrea Marcovicci, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1948 – Ana Mendieta, Cuban-American sculptor and painter (d. 1985)
  • 1948 – Jack Tatum, American football player (d. 2010)
  • 1949Herman Rarebell, German rock drummer and songwriter
  • 1950Graham Parker, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Rudy Sarzo, Cuban-American rock bass player
  • 1951Pete Morelli, American businessman
  • 1951 – Justin Raimondo, American journalist and author
  • 1952Peter Beattie, Australian lawyer and politician, 36th Premier of Queensland
  • 1952 – Delroy Lindo, English actor and director
  • 1952 – John Parr, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953Jan Kuehnemund, American rock guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Alan Moore, English author and illustrator
  • 1953 – Kevin Nealon, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1955Carter Burwell, American composer and conductor
  • 1956Noel Brotherston, Irish-English footballer and painter (d. 1995)
  • 1956 – Warren Moon, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Jim Weirich, American computer scientist, developed Rake Software (d. 2014)
  • 1957Tony Bunn, American bassist, composer, producer, and writer
  • 1958Daniel Brailovsky, Argentine-born Israeli footballer and manager[7]
  • 1959Jimmy Quinn, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1960Ivans Klementjevs, Latvian canoeist[8]
  • 1960 – Elizabeth Perkins, American actress
  • 1960 – Yeşim Ustaoğlu, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Kim Wilde, English singer-songwriter
  • 1961Steven Moffat, Scottish screenwriter and producer
  • 1962Bart Bryant, American golfer
  • 1962 – Kirk Hammett, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1963Len Bias, American basketball player (d. 1986)
  • 1963 – Dante Bichette, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – Peter Schmeichel, Danish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet (d. 2015)
  • 1964Rita Cosby, American journalist and author
  • 1964 – Nadia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1965Tim DeLaughter, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1967Tom Gordon, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Jocelyn Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Gavin Peacock, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1968Barry Hunter, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – George Kotsiopoulos, American stylist and journalist
  • 1968 – Romany Malco, American rapper, producer, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Gary Sheffield, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Owen Wilson, American actor, producer, comedian and screenwriter
  • 1969Sam Cassell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1969 – Ahmed Helmy, Egyptian actor
  • 1969 – Koichiro Kimura, Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1969 – Duncan Sheik, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1970Mike Epps, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1970 – Megyn Kelly, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1970 – Peta Wilson, Australian model and actress
  • 1971Therese Coffey, English chemist and politician
  • 1971 – Terrance Hayes, American poet and academic
  • 1971 – Matthew Rodwell, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1972Jeroen Straathof, Dutch cyclist and speed skater
  • 1973Jonnie Irwin, English television presenter and business expert
  • 1973 – Nic Pothas, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1974Graham Coughlan, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Chloë Sevigny, American actress and fashion designer
  • 1974 – Petter Solberg, Norwegian race car driver
  • 1975Lucy Akhurst, English actress and producer
  • 1975 – Shawn Camp, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Anthony McPartlin, English comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1975 – David Ortiz, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1975 – Pastor Troy, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Jason Williams, American basketball player
  • 1976Shagrath, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Dominic Armato, American voice actor
  • 1976 – Sage Francis, American rapper
  • 1976 – Matt Welsh, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Mona Zaki, Egyptian actress
  • 1977Trent Barrett, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1978Damien Johnson, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Aldo Montano, Italian fencer
  • 1979Neeti Mohan, Indian playback singer
  • 1980Hamza al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (d. 2001)
  • 1980 – Luke Chadwick, English footballer
  • 1980 – Minori Chihara, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1980 – François Duval, Belgian race car driver
  • 1980 – Denny Hamlin, American race car driver
  • 1980 – Dustin Kensrue, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981Dianne dela Fuente, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1981 – Nasim Pedrad, Iranian-American actress
  • 1981 – Vittoria Puccini, Italian actress
  • 1981 – Maggie Stiefvater, American author
  • 1981 – Allison Tolman, American actress
  • 1981 – Christina Vidal, American actress and singer
  • 1982Greg Estandia, American football player
  • 1983Travis Buck, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Michael Dawson, English footballer
  • 1983 – Jon Lech Johansen, Norwegian computer programmer and engineer, created DeCSS
  • 1984Ryohei Chiba, Japanese singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Enar Jääger, Estonian footballer
  • 1985Allyson Felix, American sprinter
  • 1985 – Christian Siriano, American fashion designer
  • 1987Yoon Park, South Korean actor
  • 1988Jeffrey Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Michael Roach, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Marie-Josée Ta Lou, Ivorian sprinter[9]
  • 1989Lu Jiajing, Chinese tennis player
  • 1989 – Natalie Osman, American wrestler
  • 1990Myk Perez, Filipino singer
  • 1991Ahmed Kelly, Iraqi-Australian swimmer
  • 1991 – Noppawan Lertcheewakarn, Thai tennis player
  • 1992Nathan Kress, American actor and director
  • 1992 – Steven Skrzybski, German footballer
  • 1993Zhang Zetian, Chinese businesswoman and investor
  • 1994Danka Kovinić, Montenegrin professional tennis player[10]
  • 1994 – Bernhard Luxbacher, Austrian footballer[11]
  • 1994 – Akiyuki Hashimoto, Japanese sprinter[12]

Deaths

  • 942Odo of Cluny, Frankish abbot and saint (b. c. 878)
  • 953Liutgard of Saxony, duchess of Lorraine (b. 931)
  • 1100Thomas of Bayeux, archbishop of York
  • 1154Adelaide of Maurienne, French queen consort (b. 1092)
  • 1170Albert the Bear, margrave of Brandenburg (b. c. 1100)
  • 1247Robin Hood, heroic outlaw in English folklore (b. 1160)
  • 1259Adam Marsh, English scholar and theologian
  • 1305John II, duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
  • 1313Constance of Portugal, Portuguese infanta (b. 1290)
  • 1349Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen (b. 1310)
  • 1441Roger Bolingbroke, English cleric, astronomer, astrologer, magister and alleged necromancer
  • 1472Basilius Bessarion, titular patriarch of Constantinople (b. c. 1403)
  • 1482Gedik Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman politician, 17th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1559Cuthbert Tunstall, English bishop (b. 1474)
  • 1565Yun Won-hyung, Korean writer and politician (b. 1509)
  • 1590George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English commander and politician, Lord High Steward of Ireland (b. 1528)
  • 1664Miklós Zrínyi, Croatian and Hungarian military leader and statesman (b. 1620)
  • 1724Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese priest (b. 1685)
  • 1785Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (b. 1725)
  • 1797Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1804Philip Schuyler, American general and senator (b. 1733)
  • 1814William Jessop, English engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1830Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher and academic, founded the Illuminati (b. 1748)
  • 1841Agustín Gamarra, Peruvian general and politician, 10th and 14th President of Peru (b. 1785)[13]
  • 1852Rose Philippine Duchesne, French-American nun and saint (b. 1769)
  • 1886Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
  • 1889William Allingham, Irish-English poet and scholar (b. 1824)
  • 1909Renée Vivien, English-French poet (b. 1877)
  • 1922Marcel Proust, French author and critic (b. 1871)
  • 1927Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona Italian race car driver, explorer, and politician (b. 1871)
  • 1936V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1872)
  • 1940Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian historian and academic (b. 1876)
  • 1941Émile Nelligan, Canadian poet and author (b. 1879)
  • 1941 – Walther Nernst, German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Chris Watson, Chilean-Australian journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
  • 1952Paul Éluard, French poet and author (b. 1895)
  • 1962Niels Bohr, Danish footballer, physicist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1965Henry A. Wallace, American agronomist and bureaucrat, 33rd Vice President of the United States, 11th US Secretary of Agriculture (b. 1888)
  • 1969Ted Heath, English trombonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., American businessman and diplomat, 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1888)
  • 1972Danny Whitten, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Crazy Horse) (b. 1943)
  • 1976Man Ray, American-French photographer and painter (b. 1890)
  • 1977Kurt Schuschnigg, Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1897)
  • 1978Jim Jones, American cult leader, founded Peoples Temple (b. 1931)
  • 1978 – Leo Ryan, American soldier, educator, and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1979Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1901)
  • 1980Conn Smythe, Canadian soldier, ice hockey player, and businessman (b. 1895)
  • 1984Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 1986Gia Carangi, American model (b. 1960)
  • 1987Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (b. 1934)
  • 1991Gustáv Husák, Slovak lawyer and politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
  • 1994Cab Calloway, American singer-songwriter and bandleader (The Cab Calloway Orchestra) (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Peter Ledger, Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1945)
  • 1995Miron Grindea, Romanian-English journalist (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Tara Singh Hayer, Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (b. 1936)
  • 1999Paul Bowles, American composer and author (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Doug Sahm, American singer and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2001Walter Matuszczak, Polish-American football player 1939 All-America, 1941 New York Giants draft (b. 1918)
  • 2002James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2003Michael Kamen, American composer and conductor (b. 1948)
  • 2004Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (b. 1905)
  • 2004 – Cy Coleman, American pianist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2005Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 2009Red Robbins, American basketball player (b. 1944)
  • 2010Freddy Beras-Goico, Dominican comedian and television host (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2012Emilio Aragón Bermúdez, Spanish clown, singer, and accordion player (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Phoebe Hearst Cooke, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
  • 2013Thomas Howard, American football player (b. 1983)
  • 2013 – S. R. D. Vaidyanathan, Indian nadaswaram player and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Ljubomir Vračarević, Serbian martial artist, founded Real Aikido (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Peter Wintonick, Canadian director and producer (b. 1953)
  • 2014Dave Appell, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Pepe Eliaschev, Argentinian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Ahmad Lozi, Jordanian educator and politician, 48th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – C. Rudhraiya, Indian director and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2015Abdelhamid Abaaoud, Belgian-Moroccan terrorist (b. 1987)[14]
  • 2015 – Dan Halldorson, Canadian-American golfer (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1975)[15]
  • 2016Sharon Jones, American soul and funk singer (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Denton Cooley, American surgeon and scientist (b. 1920)[16]
  • 2017Malcolm Young, Scottish-Australian hard rock guitarist (b. 1953)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abhai of Hach (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Alphaeus and Zacchaeus
    • Barulas
    • Constant
    • Dedication of Saints Peter and Paul
    • Elizabeth of Hungary (Church of England)[17]
    • Juthwara
    • Mabyn (Roman Catholic Church and Anglicanism)
    • The main day of the Feast of the Virgen de Chiquinquirá or Chinita's Fair (Maracaibo, Venezuela)
    • Maudez (Mawes)
    • Nazarius (Nazaire)
    • Odo of Cluny
    • Romanus of Caesarea
    • Rose Philippine Duchesne
    • November 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Army and Victory (Haiti)
  • Independence Day (Morocco), celebrates the independence of Morocco from France and Spain in 1956.
  • National Day (Oman)
  • Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia celebrates the independence of Latvia from Russia in 1918.
  • Remembrance Day of the Sacrifice of Vukovar in 1991 (Croatia)

References

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  4. Defending the Free World: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, and the Vietnam War, 1961-1965 ISBN: 0-27596-279-2 p. 56
  5. The Fog of War: Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara ISBN: 978-0-742-54221-1 p. 282
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  7. "Daniel Brailovsky," realidadamericanista.com.
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  17. https://www.churchofengland.org/prayer-and-worship/worship-texts-and-resources/common-worship/prayer-and-worship/worship-texts-and-resources/common-worship/churchs-year/calendar

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External links

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