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Events

  • 534Justinian I, who was an Eastern Roman (Byzantine) emperor in Constantinople, approves and publishes the second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus
  • 951 – Emperor Li Jing sends a Southern Tang expeditionary force of 10,000 men under Bian Hao to conquer Chu. Li Jing removes the ruling family to his own capital in Nanjing, ending the Chu Kingdom.
  • 1272 – While travelling during the Ninth Crusade, Prince Edward becomes King of England upon Henry III of England's death, but he will not return to England for nearly two years to assume the throne.
  • 1491 – An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
  • 1532Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa at the Battle of Cajamarca.
  • 1776American Revolutionary War: British and Hessian units capture Fort Washington from the Patriots.
  • 1776 – American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
  • 1793French Revolution: Ninety dissident Roman Catholic priests are executed by drowning at Nantes.
  • 1797 – The Prussian heir apparent, Frederick William, becomes King of Prussia as Frederick William III.
  • 1805Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schöngrabern: Russian forces under Pyotr Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Joachim Murat.
  • 1822American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
  • 1828Greek War of Independence: The London Protocol entails the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.
  • 1849 – A Russian court sentences writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
  • 1852 – The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope.
  • 1855David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia-Zimbabwe.
  • 1857Second relief of Lucknow: Twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day.
  • 1863American Civil War: Battle of Campbell's Station near Knoxville, Tennessee: Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
  • 1871 – The National Rifle Association receives its charter from New York State.
  • 1885 – Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and "Father of Manitoba" Louis Riel is executed for treason.
  • 1904 – English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube).
  • 1907Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory join to form Oklahoma, which is admitted as the 46th U.S. state.
  • 1907 – Cunard Line's Template:RMS, sister ship of Template:RMS, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
  • 1914 – The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
  • 1920Qantas, Australia's national airline, is founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
  • 1933 – The United States and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomatic relations.
  • 1938LSD is first synthesized by Albert Hofmann from ergotamine at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.[1]
  • 1940World War II: In response to the leveling of Coventry by the German Luftwaffe two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1940 – The Holocaust: In occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
  • 1940 – New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • 1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Queen, the costly Allied thrust to the Rur, is launched.
  • 1944 – World War II: Düren, Germany, is destroyed by Allied bombers.
  • 1945UNESCO is founded.
  • 1965Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, which will be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
  • 1973Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.
  • 1973 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.
  • 1974 – The Arecibo message is broadcast from the Arecibo Radio Telescope in Puerto Rico. It was aimed at the current location of the globular star cluster Messier 13 some 25,000 light years away. The message will reach empty space by the time it finally arrives since the cluster will have changed position.
  • 1979 – The first line of Bucharest Metro (Line M1) is opened from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea in Bucharest, Romania.
  • 1988 – The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic declares that Estonia is "sovereign" but stops short of declaring independence.
  • 1988 – In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1989 – El Salvadoran army troops kills six Jesuit priests and two others at Jose Simeon Canas University.
  • 1990Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It's True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
  • 1992 – The Hoxne Hoard is discovered by metal detectorist Eric Lawes in Hoxne, Suffolk.
  • 1997 – After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.

Births

  • 42 BCTiberius, Roman emperor (d. 37 AD)[2]
  • 1436Leonardo Loredan, Italian ruler (d. 1521)[3]
  • 1457Beatrice of Naples, Hungarian queen (d. 1508)[4]
  • 1466Francesco Cattani da Diacceto, Florentine philosopher (d. 1522)
  • 1483Elisabeth of the Palatinate, Landgravine of Hesse, German noble (d. 1522)
  • 1528Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)[5]
  • 1531Anna d'Este, Duchess consort of Nemours (d. 1607)[6]
  • 1538 – Saint Turibius of Mongrovejo, Spanish Grand Inquisitioner, Archbishop of Lima (d. 1606)
  • 1540Princess Cecilia of Sweden (d. 1627)[7]
  • 1566Anna Juliana Gonzaga, Archduchess of Austria and nun (d. 1621)
  • 1569Paul Sartorius, German organist and composer (d. 1609)
  • 1603Augustyn Kordecki, Polish monk (d. 1673)
  • 1643Jean Chardin, French-English jeweler and explorer (d. 1703)
  • 1648Charles Duncombe, English banker and politician (d. 1711)
  • 1715Girolamo Abos, Maltese-Italian composer and educator (d. 1760)
  • 1717Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1793)
  • 1720Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-Italian composer (d. 1788)
  • 1750Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough, English lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1818)
  • 1753James McHenry, Irish-American surgeon and politician (d. 1816)
  • 1758Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish philologist and author (d. 1841)
  • 1774Georg von Cancrin, German-Russian Minister of Finance (d. 1845)
  • 1793Francis Danby, Irish painter of the Romantic era (d. 1861)
  • 1806Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, American author and educator (d. 1887)
  • 1807Jónas Hallgrímsson, Icelandic poet, author and naturalist (d. 1845)
  • 1811John Bright, English academic and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1836Kalākaua of Hawaii (d. 1891)
  • 1839Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, author, and politician (d. 1908)
  • 1841Jules Violle, French physicist and academic (d. 1923)
  • 1847Edmund James Flynn, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1851Minnie Hauk, American-Swiss soprano and actress (d. 1929)
  • 1856Jürgen Kröger, German architect (d. 1928)
  • 1861Luigi Facta, Italian politician and journalist (d. 1930)
  • 1862Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (d. 1944)
  • 1873W. C. Handy, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1958)
  • 1874Alexander Kolchak, Russian admiral and explorer (d. 1920)
  • 1883Emil Breitkreutz, American runner and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1888Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan pianist and composer (d. 1957)
  • 1889George S. Kaufman, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1961)
  • 1889 – Dietrich Kraiß, German general (d. 1944)
  • 1890Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of the Philippines (d. 1956)
  • 1892Guo Moruo, Chinese historian, author, and poet (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1953)
  • 1894Bobby Cruickshank, American golfer (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian philosopher and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1895Paul Hindemith, German violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1963)[8]
  • 1896Joan Lindsay, Australian author and critic (d. 1984)[9]
  • 1896 – Oswald Mosley, English fascist leader and politician (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Lawrence Tibbett, American actor and singer (d. 1960)
  • 1897Choudhry Rahmat Ali, Indian-Pakistani academic (d. 1951)
  • 1899Mary Margaret McBride, American radio host (d. 1976)
  • 1900Eliška Junková, Czechoslovakian race car driver (d. 1994)
  • 1904Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (d. 1996)
  • 1905Eddie Condon, American guitarist and banjo player (d. 1973)
  • 1907Burgess Meredith, American actor, singer, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1909Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Indian-Pakistani religious leader (d. 1982)
  • 1912George O. Petrie, American actor and director (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – W. E. D. Ross, Canadian actor, playwright, and author (d. 1995)
  • 1913Ellen Albertini Dow, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1914Eddie Chapman, English spy (d. 1997)
  • 1915Jean Fritz, Chinese-American author (d. 2017)
  • 1916Harold Baigent, New Zealand actor and director (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Daws Butler, American voice actor and singer (d. 1988)
  • 1916 – Al Lucas, Canadian-American bassist (d. 1983)
  • 1922Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist, physicist, and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – José Saramago, Portuguese novelist (d. 2010)
  • 1924Sam Farber, American businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Mel Patton, American sprinter and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1927Dolo Coker, American pianist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1928Clu Gulager, American actor and director
  • 1929Peter Boizot, English businessman (d. 2018)
  • 1930Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist, poet, and critic (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Paul Foytack, American baseball player
  • 1930 – Salvatore Riina, Italian mob boss (d. 2017)
  • 1931Luciano Bottaro, Italian author and illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1933Garnet Mimms, American R&B singer
  • 1935Elizabeth Drew, American journalist and author
  • 1935 – Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-Lebanese cleric, educator, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1935 – Magdi Yacoub, Egyptian-English surgeon and academic
  • 1936John Moore, Australian businessman and politician
  • 1937Alan Budd, English economist and academic
  • 1938Ahmed Bouanani, Moroccan filmmaker (d. 2011)
  • 1938 – Kang Ning-hsiang, Taiwanese politician
  • 1938 – Walter Learning, Canadian actor (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Troy Seals, American singer-songwriter and guitarist.
  • 1939Michael Billington, English author and critic
  • 1940Donna McKechnie, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1941Angelo Gilardino, Italian guitarist, composer, and musicologist
  • 1941 – Gerry Marshall, English race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Dan Penn, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1942Willie Carson, Scottish jockey and sportscaster
  • 1942 – Joanna Pettet, English-Canadian actress
  • 1944Oliver Braddick, English psychologist and academic
  • 1945Teenie Hodges, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Lynn Hunt, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1946Colin Burgess, Australian drummer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Barbara Smith, African American writer[10]
  • 1946 – Beverly Smith, African American writer[10]
  • 1946 – Jo Jo White, American basketball player and coach (d. 2018)
  • 1947Omar Ruiz Hernández, Cuban journalist and activist
  • 1948Tihomir "Pop" Asanović, Croatian jazz-rock keyboardist and composer
  • 1948 – Horst Bertram, German footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Chi Coltrane, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1948 – Bonnie Greer, American-English playwright and critic
  • 1948 – Ken James, Australian actor
  • 1950Manuel Zamora, Filipino farmer and politician
  • 1951Andy Dalton, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1952Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer
  • 1953Griff Rhys Jones, Welsh comedian, actor, and author
  • 1954Andrea Barrett, American novelist and short story writer[11]
  • 1954 – Dick Gross, Australian lawyer and politician
  • 1955Pierre Larouche, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1955 – Héctor Cúper, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1955 – Jun Kunimura, Japanese actor
  • 1956Terry Labonte, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1957Jacques Gamblin, French actor
  • 1958Marg Helgenberger, American actress
  • 1958 – Boris Krivokapić, Serbian author and academic
  • 1959Glenda Bailey, English journalist
  • 1959 – Francis M. Fesmire, American cardiologist and physician (d. 2014)
  • 1961Frank Bruno, English boxer
  • 1962Darwyn Cooke, Canadian writer and artist (d. 2016)
  • 1962 – Mani, English bass player
  • 1963Steve Argüelles, English drummer and producer
  • 1963 – William Bonner, Brazilian newscaster, publicist and journalist
  • 1963 – Zina Garrison, American tennis player
  • 1964Waheed Alli, Baron Alli, English businessman and politician
  • 1964 – Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, Italian-French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Dwight Gooden, American baseball player[12]
  • 1964 – Diana Krall, Canadian singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1964 – Maeve Quinlan, American actress
  • 1965Mika Aaltonen, Finnish footballer
  • 1966Joey Cape, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1966 – Stephen Critchlow, English actor
  • 1966 – Dave Kushner, American guitarist
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboard player
  • 1966 – Dean McDermott, Canadian-American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Tahir Shah, English journalist, author, and explorer
  • 1967Craig Arnold, American poet and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1967 – Lisa Bonet, American actress and director
  • 1968Shobha Nagi Reddy, Indian politician (d. 2014)
  • 1968 – Melvin Stewart, American swimmer
  • 1970Logan Mader, Canadian-American guitarist and producer
  • 1970 – Martha Plimpton, American actress
  • 1971Tanja Damaske, German javelin thrower and shot putter
  • 1971 – Mustapha Hadji, Moroccan footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Annely Peebo, Estonian soprano and actress
  • 1971 – Alexander Popov, Russian swimmer and coach
  • 1971 – Waqar Younis, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1972Missi Pyle, American actress and singer
  • 1973Christian Horner, English race car driver and manager
  • 1973 – Brendan Laney, New Zealand-Scottish rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1974Maurizio Margaglio, Italian ice dancer and coach
  • 1974 – Paul Scholes, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1975Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975 – Yuki Uchida, Japanese actress, model, and singer
  • 1976Dan Black, English singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Juha Pasoja, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Martijn Zuijdweg, Dutch swimmer
  • 1977Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian-American figure skater
  • 1977 – Gigi Edgley, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1977 – Maggie Gyllenhaal, American actress and singer
  • 1977 – Mauricio Ochmann, Mexican actor and producer
  • 1978Kip Bouknight, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mehtap Doğan-Sızmaz, Turkish runner
  • 1978 – Takashi Nagayama, Japanese actor
  • 1978 – Gary Naysmith, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Carolina Parra, Brazilian guitarist and drummer
  • 1979Tony Frias, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Bruce Irons, American surfer
  • 1980Moris Carrozzieri, Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Kayte Christensen, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Nicole Gius, Italian skier
  • 1980 – Carol Huynh, Canadian wrestler
  • 1980 – Hasan Üçüncü, Turkish footballer
  • 1981Fernando Cabrera, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1981 – Allison Crowe, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Caitlin Glass, American voice actress, singer, and director
  • 1981 – Kate Miller-Heidke, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Osi Umenyiora, English-American football player
  • 1982Nonito Donaire, Filipino-American boxer
  • 1982 – Jannie du Plessis, South African rugby player
  • 1982 – Ronald Pognon, French sprinter
  • 1982 – Amar'e Stoudemire, American basketball player
  • 1983Chris Gocong, American football player
  • 1983 – Kool A.D., American rapper
  • 1983 – Kari Lehtonen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Britta Steffen, German swimmer
  • 1983 – Janette Manrara, American professional dancer and choreographer[13]
  • 1984Gemma Atkinson, English model and actress
  • 1984 – Mark Bunn, English footballer
  • 1984 – Tamawashi Ichiro, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1985Aditya Roy Kapur, Indian film actor
  • 1986Aleksei Anatolyevich Kozlov, Russian footballer
  • 1986 – Maxime Médard, French rugby player
  • 1987Eitan Tibi, Israeli footballer
  • 1987 – Jordan Walden, American baseball player
  • 1989Iamsu!, American rapper and producer
  • 1990Arjo Atayde, Filipino actor
  • 1990 – Dénes Dibusz, Hungarian football player
  • 1991Tomomi Kasai, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1992George Akpabio, Nigerian footballer
  • 1992 – Matthew Allwood, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993Pete Davidson, American comedian and actor
  • 1994Brandon Larracuente, American actor
  • 1994 – Yoshiki Yamamoto, Japanese football player
  • 1995Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor and pianist
  • 2006Mason Ramsey, American singer-songwriter

Deaths

  • 897Gu Yanhui, Chinese warlord
  • 987Shen Lun, Chinese scholar-official[14]
  • 1005Ælfric of Abingdon, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1093Saint Margaret of Scotland (b. 1045)[15]
  • 1131Dobrodeia of Kiev, Rus princess and author of medical books[16]
  • 1240Edmund Rich, English archbishop and saint (b. 1175)
  • 1240 – Ibn Arabi, Andalusian Arab philosopher (b. 1165)
  • 1272Henry III of England (b. 1207)[17]
  • 1264Emperor Lizong of Song China
  • 1322Nasr, Sultan of Granada (b. 1287)[18]
  • 1328Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shōgun (b. 1276)
  • 1464John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (b. 1406)
  • 1494Theda Ukena, German noble (b. 1432)
  • 1580Marie of Baden-Sponheim, German Noblewoman (b. 1507
  • 1601Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland (b. 1542)
  • 1603Pierre Charron, French Catholic theologian and philosopher (b. 1541)
  • 1613Trajano Boccalini, Italian author and educator (b. 1556)
  • 1625Sofonisba Anguissola, Italian painter (b. c. 1532)
  • 1628Paolo Quagliati, Italian organist and composer (b. 1555)
  • 1688Bengt Gottfried Forselius, Swedish-Estonian scholar and author (b. 1660)
  • 1695Pierre Nicole, French philosopher and author (b. 1625)
  • 1724Jack Sheppard, English criminal (b. 1702)[19]
  • 1745James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1665)
  • 1773John Hawkesworth, English journalist and author (b. 1715)
  • 1779Pehr Kalm, Finnish botanist and explorer (b. 1716)
  • 1790Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American politician (b. 1723)
  • 1797Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744)
  • 1802André Michaux, French botanist and explorer (b. 1746)
  • 1806Moses Cleaveland, American general, lawyer, and politician, founded Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • 1808Mustafa IV, Ottoman sultan (b. 1779)
  • 1836Christiaan Hendrik Persoon, South African-French mycologist and academic (b. 1761)
  • 1878Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1874)
  • 1884František Chvostek, Czech-Austrian soldier and physician (b. 1835)
  • 1885Louis Riel, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1844)
  • 1903Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1895)
  • 1907Robert I, Duke of Parma (b. 1848)
  • 1908Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, 4th Premier of Quebec (b. 1829)
  • 1911A. A. Ames, American physician and politician, 9th Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
  • 1911 – Lawrence Feuerbach, American shot putter (b. 1879)
  • 1913George Barham, English businessman, founded Express County Milk Supply Company (b. 1836)
  • 1922Max Abraham, Polish-German physicist and academic (b. 1875)
  • 1939Pierce Butler, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1866)
  • 1941Eduard Eelma, Estonian footballer (b. 1902)
  • 1941 – Miina Härma, Estonian organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1864)
  • 1947Giuseppe Volpi, Italian businessman and politician, founded the Venice Film Festival (b. 1877)
  • 1950Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1879)
  • 1956Ōtori Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 24th Yokozuna (b. 1887)
  • 1960Clark Gable, American actor and singer (b. 1901)
  • 1961Sam Rayburn, American lawyer and politician, 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1882)
  • 1964Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and author (b. 1898)
  • 1971Edie Sedgwick, American model and actress (b. 1943)
  • 1972Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina and actress (b. 1889)
  • 1973Alan Watts, English-American philosopher, author, and educator (b. 1915)
  • 1974Walther Meissner, German physicist and engineer (b. 1882)
  • 1976Jack Foster, English cricketer (b. 1905)
  • 1982Pavel Alexandrov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1984Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)
  • 1986Siobhán McKenna, Irish actress (b. 1923)
  • 1987Jim Brewer, American baseball player and coach (b. 1937)
  • 1989Jean-Claude Malépart, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1990Ege Bagatur, Turkish politician (b. 1937)
  • 1993Lucia Popp, Slovak-German soprano (b. 1939)
  • 1993 – Achille Zavatta, Tunisia-born French clown (b. 1915)
  • 1994Chet Powers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1999Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1928)
  • 2000Robert Earl Davis, American hip-hop artist (b. 1971)
  • 2000 – Ahmet Kaya, Turkish-French singer-songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 2001Tommy Flanagan, American pianist and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2005Ralph Edwards, American radio and television host and producer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Henry Taube, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (b. 1910)
  • 2006Milton Friedman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Yuri Levada, Russian sociologist and political scientist (b. 1930)
  • 2007Harold Alfond, American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Grethe Kausland, Norwegian actress and singer (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian actor and screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Vernon Scannell, English boxer, poet, and author (b. 1922)
  • 2008Jan Krugier; Polish-Swiss art dealer (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Reg Varney, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2009Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2009 – Sergei Magnitsky, Ukrainian-Russian accountant and lawyer (b. 1972)
  • 2009 – Edward Woodward, English actor (b. 1930)
  • 2010Britton Chance, American biologist and sailor (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Ronni Chasen, American publicist (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – Wyngard Tracy, Filipino DJ and talent manager (b. 1952)
  • 2012John Chapman, Australian evangelist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Subhash Dutta, Bangladeshi actor and director (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Patrick Edlinger, French mountaineer (b. 1960)
  • 2012 – Aliu Mahama, Ghanaian engineer and politician, 3rd Vice President of Ghana (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Eliyahu Nawi, Iraqi-Israeli lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Bob Scott, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1921)
  • 2013Robert Conley, American journalist (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Billy Hardwick, American bowler (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – William McDonough Kelly, Canadian lieutenant and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Tanvir Ahmad Khan, Indian-Pakistani diplomat, 19th Foreign Secretary of Pakistan (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Oscar Lanford, American mathematician and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Arne Pedersen, Norwegian footballer and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Louis D. Rubin, Jr., American author, critic, and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Charles Waterhouse, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (b. 1924)
  • 2014Charles Champlin, American historian, author, and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Jovan Ćirilov, Serbian poet and playwright (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Ian Craig, Australian cricketer (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Juan Joseph, American football player and coach (b. 1987)
  • 2014 – Jadwiga Piłsudska, Polish soldier, pilot, and architect (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Carl Sanders, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 74th Governor of Georgia (b. 1925)
  • 2015David Canary, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Michael C. Gross, American graphic designer and producer (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Bert Olmstead, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Alton D. Slay, American general (b. 1924)
  • 2016Jay Wright Forrester, American computer engineer (b. 1918)
  • 2016 – Melvin Laird, American politician and writer (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Daniel Prodan, Romanian football player (b. 1972)
  • 2017Hiromi Tsuru, Japanese actress (b. 1960)
  • 2017 – Ann Wedgeworth, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 2018William Goldman, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2019John Campbell Brown, Scottish astronomer (b. 1947)
  • 2019 – Terry O'Neill, British photographer (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Africus
    • Agnes of Assisi
    • Edmund of Abingdon
    • Elfric of Abingdon
    • Eucherius of Lyon
    • Gertrude the Great (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Giuseppe Moscati
    • Gobrain
    • Hugh of Lincoln
    • Margaret of Scotland
    • Matthew the Evangelist (Eastern Christianity)
    • Othmar
    • Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn
    • Roch Gonzalez, Juan de Castillo, and Alonso Rodriguez, SJ
    • November 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Declaration of Sovereignty (Estonia)
  • Earliest day on which Day of Repentance and Prayer can fall, while November 22 is the latest; celebrated 11 days before Advent Sunday (Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United Protestant churches, Saxony, Bavaria), and its related observance:
    • Volkstrauertag (Germany)
  • Icelandic Language Day or Dagur íslenskrar tungu (Iceland)
  • International Day for Tolerance (United Nations)
  • Statia Day in Sint Eustatius (Caribbean Netherlands)

References

  1. Albert Hofmann; translated from the original German (LSD Ganz Persönlich) by J. Ott. MAPS-Volume 6, Number 69, Summer 1969.
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  19. Linebaugh, Peter. The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century. Verso, 2003, ISBN: 1-85984-638-6

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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