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Events

  • 655Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.[1]
  • 1315Battle of Morgarten: The Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.[2]
  • 1532 – Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca Empire leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day.
  • 1533Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.
  • 1705Battle of Zsibó: Austrian-Danish victory over the Kurucs (Hungarians).
  • 1760 – The secondly-built Castellania in Valletta is officially inaugurated with the blessing of the interior Chapel of Sorrows.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1806Pike Expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains. (It is later named Pikes Peak.)
  • 1864American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins Sherman's March to the Sea.
  • 1889Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
  • 1914Harry Turner becomes the first player to die from game-related injuries in the "Ohio League", the direct predecessor to the National Football League.
  • 1920 – First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 1920 – The Free City of Danzig is established.
  • 1922 – At least 300 are massacred during a general strike in Guayaquil, Ecuador.[3]
  • 1926 – The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
  • 1928 – The RNLI lifeboat Mary Stanford capsized in Rye Harbour with the loss of the entire 17-man crew.
  • 1933Thailand has its first election.
  • 1939 – In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
  • 1942World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
  • 1943The Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps".
  • 1949Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 1951 – Greek resistance leader Nikos Beloyannis, along with 11 resistance members, is sentenced to death by the court-martial.
  • 1955 – The first part of Saint Petersburg Metro is opened.
  • 1959 – The murders of the Clutter Family in Holcomb, Kansas were discovered, inspiring Truman Capote's non-fiction book In Cold Blood.
  • 1966Project Gemini: Gemini 12 completes the program's final mission, when it splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1966 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
  • 1967 – The only fatality of the North American X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
  • 1968 – The Cleveland Transit System becomes the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.
  • 1969Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
  • 1971Intel releases the world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
  • 1976René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favor of independence.
  • 1978 – A chartered Douglas DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.
  • 1979 – A package from Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, D.C., forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
  • 1983Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declares independence. Recognized only by Turkey.
  • 1985 – A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
  • 1985 – The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.
  • 1987 – In Brașov, Romania, workers rebel against the communist regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu.
  • 1988 – In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran makes its only space flight.
  • 1988 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
  • 1988 – The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
  • 1990Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.
  • 1990 – The Communist People's Republic of Bulgaria is disestablished and a new republican government is instituted.
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola, killing more than 40 people.
  • 2000 – Jharkhand officially becomes the 28th state of India, formed from eighteen districts of southern Bihar.[4]
  • 2002Hu Jintao becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new nine-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.
  • 2003 – The first day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings, in which two car bombs, targeting two synagogues, explode, killing 25 people and wounding about 300.
  • 2006Al Jazeera English launches worldwide.
  • 2007Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people and destroying parts of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans.
  • 2012Xi Jinping becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new seven-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.
  • 2016Hong Kong's High Court bans elected politicians Yau Wai-ching and Baggio Leung from the city's Parliament.[5]

Births

  • 459B'utz Aj Sak Chiik, Mayan king (d. 501)
  • 1316John I, king of France and Navarre (d. 1316)
  • 1397Nicholas V, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1455)
  • 1498Eleanor of Austria, queen of Portugal and France (d. 1558)
  • 1511Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet and author (d. 1536)
  • 1556Jacques Davy Duperron, French cardinal (d. 1618)
  • 1607Madeleine de Scudéry, French author (d. 1701)
  • 1660Hermann von der Hardt, German historian and orientalist (d. 1746)
  • 1661Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss-American settler and author (d. 1743)
  • 1692Eusebius Amort, German poet and theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1708William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1778)
  • 1738William Herschel, German-English astronomer and composer (d. 1822)
  • 1741Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss poet and physiognomist (d. 1801)
  • 1746Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1809)
  • 1757Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist, and academic (d. 1830)
  • 1776José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, Mexican journalist and author (d. 1827)
  • 1784Jérôme Bonaparte, French husband of Catharina of Württemberg (d. 1860)
  • 1791Friedrich Ernst Scheller, German lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1869)
  • 1793Michel Chasles, French mathematician and academic (d. 1880)
  • 1849Mary E. Byrd, American astronomer and educator (d. 1934)
  • 1852Tewfik Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1892)
  • 1859Christopher Hornsrud, Norwegian businessman and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1960)
  • 1862Gerhart Hauptmann, German novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1946)
  • 1865John Earle, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of Tasmania (d. 1932)
  • 1867Emil Krebs, German polyglot (d. 1930)
  • 1868Emil Racoviță, Romanian biologist, zoologist, and explorer (d. 1947)
  • 1873Sara Josephine Baker, American physician and academic (d. 1945)
  • 1874Dimitrios Golemis, Greek runner (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – August Krogh, Danish zoologist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1879Lewis Stone, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1881Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (d. 1960)
  • 1882Felix Frankfurter, Austrian-American lawyer and jurist (d. 1965)
  • 1886René Guénon, French-Egyptian philosopher and author (d. 1951)
  • 1887Marianne Moore, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Georgia O'Keeffe, American painter and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1888Artie Matthews, American pianist and composer (d. 1958)
  • 1890Richmal Crompton, English author and educator (d. 1969)
  • 1891W. Averell Harriman, American businessman and politician, 11th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1986)
  • 1891 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1892Naomi Childers, American actress (d. 1964)
  • 1895Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Antoni Słonimski, Polish journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1976)
  • 1896Leonard Lord, English businessman (d. 1967)
  • 1897Aneurin Bevan, Welsh journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Health (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English author and critic (d. 1988)
  • 1899Avdy Andresson, Estonian-American soldier and diplomat, Estonian Minister of War (d. 1990)
  • 1903Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer and coach (d. 1974)
  • 1905Mantovani, Italian conductor and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1906Curtis LeMay, American general and politician (d. 1990)
  • 1907Claus von Stauffenberg, German colonel (d. 1944)
  • 1908Carlo Abarth, Italian engineer and businessman, founded Abarth (d. 1979)
  • 1912Harald Keres, Estonian physicist and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Yi Wu, Japanese-Korean colonel (d. 1945)
  • 1913Jack Dyer, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1914V. R. Krishna Iyer, Indian lawyer and judge (d. 2014)
  • 1916Nita Barrow, Barbadian nurse and politician, 7th Governor-General of Barbados (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Bill Melendez, Mexican-American voice actor, animator, director, and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1919Carol Bruce, American singer and actress (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Joseph Wapner, American lieutenant and judge (d. 2017)
  • 1920Vasilis Diamantopoulos, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1922Francis Brunn, German juggler (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Francesco Rosi, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1923Văn Cao, Vietnamese composer, poet, and painter (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Samuel Klein, Polish-Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, founded Casas Bahia (d. 2014)
  • 1924Gianni Ferrio, Italian composer and conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1925Howard Baker, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 12th White House Chief of Staff (d. 2014)
  • 1926Thomas Williams, American author and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1927Bill Rowling, New Zealand politician, 30th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1995)
  • 1928C. W. McCall, American singer-songwriter and politician
  • 1928 – Seldon Powell, American saxophonist and flute player (d. 1997)
  • 1929Ed Asner, American actor, singer, and producer
  • 1929 – Joe Hinton, American singer (d. 1968)
  • 1930J. G. Ballard, English novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Olene Walker, American lawyer and politician, 15th Governor of Utah (d. 2015)
  • 1931John Kerr, American actor, singer, and lawyer (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Mwai Kibaki, Kenyan economist and politician, 3rd President of Kenya
  • 1931 – Pascal Lissouba, Congolese politician, President of the Republic of the Congo (d. 2020)
  • 1932Petula Clark, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1932 – Clyde McPhatter, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1932 – Alvin Plantinga, American philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1933Gloria Foster, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Theodore Roszak, American scholar and author (d. 2011)
  • 1934Joanna Barnes, American actress and author
  • 1934 – Peter Dickinson, English pianist and composer
  • 1935Nera White, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1936H. B. Bailey, American race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Wolf Biermann, German singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1936 – Tara Singh Hayer, Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (d. 1998)
  • 1937Little Willie John, American singer-songwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1939Terry Bradbury, English footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Rauni-Leena Luukanen-Kilde, Finnish physician and parapsychologist (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – Yaphet Kotto, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1940Roberto Cavalli, Italian fashion designer
  • 1940 – Tony Mendez, American CIA technical operations officer (d. 2019)
  • 1940 – Ulf Pilgaard, Danish actor and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Hank Wangford, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and physician
  • 1940 – Sam Waterston, American actor
  • 1941Rick Kemp, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1941 – Daniel Pinkwater, American author and illustrator
  • 1942Daniel Barenboim, Argentinian-Israeli pianist and conductor
  • 1945Roger Donaldson, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Bob Gunton, American actor and singer
  • 1945 – Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian-Swedish singer
  • 1946Vassilis Goumas, Greek basketball player
  • 1947Malcolm Ranjith, Sri Lankan cardinal
  • 1947 – Bill Richardson, American politician and diplomat, 21st United States Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1947 – Ken Sutcliffe, Australian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1948Teodoro Locsin, Jr., Filipino journalist, lawyer, politician and diplomat
  • 1950Egon Vaupel, German lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Marburg
  • 1951Beverly D'Angelo, American actress, singer, and producer
  • 1952Rick Atkinson, American journalist, historian, and author
  • 1952 – Randy Savage, American wrestler (d. 2011)
  • 1953Alexander O'Neal, American R&B singer-songwriter and arranger
  • 1953 – James Widdoes, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1954Kevin S. Bright, American director and producer
  • 1954 – Emma Dent Coad, British politician
  • 1954 – Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Polish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Poland
  • 1954 – Randy Thomas, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1954 – Tony Thompson, American R&B, disco, and rock drummer (d. 2003)
  • 1955Joe Leeway, English pop singer-songwriter and percussionist
  • 1956Michael Hampton, American guitarist and producer
  • 1957Gerry Connolly, Australian comedian and actor
  • 1957 – Kevin Eubanks, American guitarist and composer
  • 1957 – Harold Marcuse, American historian and educator
  • 1957 – Michael Woythe, German footballer and manager
  • 1958Lewis Fitz-Gerald, Australian actor and director
  • 1958 – Gu Kailai, Chinese lawyer and businesswoman
  • 1958 – Lesley Laird, British politician
  • 1959Tibor Fischer, English author
  • 1960Dawn Airey, English broadcaster
  • 1961Hugh McGahan, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1962Mark Acres, American basketball player and educator
  • 1962 – Judy Gold, American comedian, actress, and producer
  • 1963Andrew Castle, English tennis player and television host
  • 1963 – Benny Elias, Lebanese-Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Kevin J. O'Connor, American actor
  • 1964Stelios Aposporis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Mikhail Rusyayev, Russian footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1964 – Tiit Sokk, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1965Nigel Bond, English snooker player
  • 1965 – Stefan Pfeiffer, German swimmer
  • 1966Rachel True, American actress
  • 1967Greg Anthony, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Cynthia Breazeal, American computer scientist, roboticist, and academic
  • 1967 – Pedro Borbón, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1967 – E-40, American rapper and actor
  • 1967 – Wayne Harrison, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1967 – François Ozon, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Gus Poyet, Uruguayan footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Jon Preston, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1968Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Fausto Brizzi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Teodoro Casiño, Filipino journalist and politician
  • 1968 – Jennifer Charles, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Uwe Rösler, German footballer and manager
  • 1970Ilija Aračić, Croatian footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Jack Ingram, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Alexander Kvitashvili, Georgian-Ukrainian academic and politician, 19th Ukrainian Minister of Healthcare
  • 1970 – Patrick M'Boma, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1971Jay Harrington, American actor
  • 1971 – Martin Pieckenhagen, German footballer
  • 1972Jonny Lee Miller, English-American actor
  • 1973Sydney Tamiia Poitier, American actress
  • 1973 – Alamgir Sheriyar, English cricketer
  • 1974Chad Kroeger, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975Scott Henshall, English fashion designer
  • 1975 – Yannick Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Boris Živković, Croatian footballer
  • 1976Brandon DiCamillo, American comedian, actor, and stuntman
  • 1976 – Virginie Ledoyen, French actress
  • 1976 – Sule, Indonesian comedian and actor
  • 1977Sean Murray, American actor
  • 1977 – Peter Phillips, English businessman
  • 1977 – Robaire Smith, American football player
  • 1978Floyd Womack, American football player
  • 1979Brooks Bollinger, American football player and coach
  • 1979 – Josemi, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Brett Lancaster, Australian cyclist
  • 1980Ace Young, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1981Drew Hodgdon, American football player
  • 1981 – Lorena Ochoa, Mexican golfer
  • 1982D. J. Fitzpatrick, American football player
  • 1982 – Rio Hirai, Japanese actress
  • 1982 – Joe Kowalewski, American football player
  • 1982 – Benjamin Krause, German rugby player
  • 1982 – Giaan Rooney, Australian swimmer
  • 1982 – Lofa Tatupu, American football player
  • 1982 – Kalu Uche, Nigerian footballer
  • 1983Dominic Carroll, Gibraltarian runner
  • 1983 – Sasha Pavlović, Serbian basketball player
  • 1983 – Fernando Verdasco, Spanish tennis player
  • 1984Asia Kate Dillon, American actor and producer
  • 1985Lily Aldridge, American model
  • 1985 – Charron Fisher, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Simon Spender, Welsh footballer
  • 1986Coye Francies, American football player
  • 1986 – Sania Mirza, Indian tennis player
  • 1986 – Jerry Roush, American singer-songwriter
  • 1987Sergio Llull, Spanish basketball player[6]
  • 1988Morgan Parra, French rugby player
  • 1988 – Billy Twelvetrees, English rugby player
  • 1989Jonalyn Viray, Filipino singer
  • 1991Maxime Colin, French footballer
  • 1991 – Shailene Woodley, American actress
  • 1992Sofia Goggia, Italian skier
  • 1992 – Minami Minegishi, Japanese singer
  • 1992 – Daniela Seguel, Chilean tennis player
  • 1992 – Trevor Story, American baseball player
  • 1992 – Kevin Wimmer, Austrian footballer
  • 1993Paulo Dybala, Argentine footballer
  • 1993 – Saaya Irie, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1994Bryce Cartwright, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995Blake Pieroni, American swimmer[7]
  • 1995 – Karl-Anthony Towns, Dominican-American basketball player
  • 1997Catie Munnings, British rally driver[8]

Deaths

  • 165 BCEMattathias, Jewish resistance leader
  • 621Malo, Breton bishop and saint
  • 655Æthelhere, king of East Anglia
  • 655 – Penda of Mercia, king of Mercia
  • 1037Odo II, French nobleman (b. 983)
  • 1136Leopold III, margrave of Austria (b. 1073)
  • 1194Margaret I, countess of Flanders
  • 1226Frederick of Isenberg, German nobleman (b. 1193)
  • 1280Albertus Magnus, German bishop, theologian, and philosopher (b. 1193)
  • 1347James I of Urgell, Spanish nobleman (b. 1321)
  • 1351Joanna of Pfirt, duchess of Austria
  • 1379Otto V, duke of Bavaria
  • 1463Giovanni Antonio Del Balzo Orsini, Italian nobleman
  • 1527Catherine of York, English princess (b. 1479)
  • 1579Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian preacher, founder of the Unitarian Church of Transylvania (b. 1510)
  • 1594Martin Frobisher, English seaman and explorer
  • 1628Roque González de Santa Cruz, Paraguayan missionary and martyr (b. 1576)
  • 1630Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1571)
  • 1670John Amos Comenius, Czech bishop, philosopher, and educator (b. 1592)
  • 1691Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
  • 1706Tsangyang, Tibetan dalai lama (b. 1683)
  • 1712James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire (b. 1658)
  • 1712 – Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, English politician (b. 1675)
  • 1787Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (b. 1714)
  • 1794John Witherspoon, Scottish-American minister and academic (b. 1723)
  • 1795Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (b. 1719)
  • 1832Jean-Baptiste Say, French economist and businessman (b. 1767)
  • 1845William Knibb, English Baptist minister and Jamaican missionary (b. 1803)
  • 1853Maria II, Portuguese queen and regent (b. 1819)
  • 1892Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (b. 1850)
  • 1897Alfred Kennerley, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1810)
  • 1908Cixi, China empress dowager and regent (b. 1835)[9]
  • 1910Wilhelm Raabe, German author (b. 1831)
  • 1916Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
  • 1917Émile Durkheim, French sociologist, psychologist, and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1919Mikhail Dolivo-Dobrovolsky, Polish-Russian engineer, electrician, and inventor (b. 1862)
  • 1919 – Mohammad Farid, Egyptian lawyer and politician (b. 1868)
  • 1919 – Alfred Werner, French-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1922Dimitrios Gounaris, Greek lawyer and politician, 94th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1866)
  • 1922 – Petros Protopapadakis, Greek mathematician and politician, 107th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Nikolaos Stratos, Greek lawyer and politician, 106th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1872)
  • 1941Wal Handley, English motorcycle racer (b. 1902)
  • 1945Frank Chapman, American ornithologist and photographer (b. 1864)
  • 1949Narayan Apte, Indian activist, assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1911)
  • 1949 – Nathuram Godse, Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1910)
  • 1951Frank Weston Benson, American painter and educator (b. 1862)
  • 1954Lionel Barrymore, American actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (b. 1878)
  • 1956Emma Richter, German paleontologist (b. 1888)[10]
  • 1958Tyrone Power, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 1959Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1960Robert Raymond Cook, Canadian murderer (b. 1937)
  • 1961Elsie Ferguson, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1961 – Johanna Westerdijk, Dutch pathologist and academic (b. 1883)
  • 1963Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-American conductor (b. 1888)
  • 1966Dimitrios Tofalos, Greek weightlifter and wrestler (b. 1877)
  • 1966 – William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor and painter (b. 1887)
  • 1967Michael J. Adams, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1970Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Egyptian-Greek politician (b. 1884)
  • 1971Rudolf Abel, English-Russian colonel (b. 1903)
  • 1976Jean Gabin, French actor, singer, and producer (b. 1904)
  • 1978Margaret Mead, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901)[11]
  • 1980Bill Lee, American actor and singer (b. 1916)
  • 1981Steve Macko, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 1981 – Enid Markey, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Khawar Rizvi, Pakistani poet and scholar (b. 1938)
  • 1982Vinoba Bhave, Indian philosopher and Gandhian, Bharat Ratna Awardee (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Martín de Álzaga, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1901)
  • 1983John Grimaldi, English keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 1983 – Charlie Grimm, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – John Le Mesurier, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1985Méret Oppenheim, German-Swiss painter, photographer, and poet (b. 1913)
  • 1988Billo Frómeta, Dominican conductor and composer (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Ieronymos I of Athens, Greek archbishop and theologian (b. 1905)
  • 1994Elizabeth George Speare, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1996Alger Hiss, American lawyer and diplomat (b. 1904)
  • 1997Saul Chaplin, American director and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1998Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Ludvík Daněk, Czech discus thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2000Edoardo Agnelli, son of industrialist Gianni Agnelli, converted to Shia Islam (b. 1954)
  • 2003Ray Lewis, Canadian runner (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress and singer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Laurence Tisch, American businessman, co-founded the Loews Corporation (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Speedy West, American guitarist and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2004Elmer L. Andersen, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – John Morgan, Welsh-Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2005Adrian Rogers, American pastor and author (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Arto Salminen, Finnish journalist and author (b. 1959)
  • 2006David K. Wyatt, American historian and author (b. 1937)
  • 2007Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1928)
  • 2008Grace Hartigan, American painter (b. 1922)
  • 2009Serbian Patriarch Pavle II (b. 1914)
  • 2010Larry Evans, American chess player and journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Ed Kirkpatrick, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 2010 – William Edwin Self, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1921)
  • 2011Oba Chandler, American murderer (b. 1946)
  • 2012Théophile Abega, Cameroonian footballer and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
  • 2012 – Maleli Kunavore, Fijian rugby player (b. 1983)
  • 2012 – K. C. Pant, Indian politician, 18th Indian Minister of Defence (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Frode Thingnæs, Norwegian trombonist, composer, and conductor (b. 1940)
  • 2013Sheila Matthews Allen, American actress and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Glafcos Clerides, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 4th President of Cyprus (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Mike McCormack, American football player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2014Jack Bridger Chalker, English painter and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Lucien Clergue, French photographer and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Valéry Mézague, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2014 – Reg Withers, Australian soldier and politician, Australian Minister for the Capital Territory (b. 1924)
  • 2015Gisèle Prassinos, French author (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Herbert Scarf, American economist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Saeed Jaffrey, Indian-British actor (b. 1929)
  • 2016Mose Allison, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2017Lil Peep, American singer and rapper (b. 1996)

Holidays and observances

  • America Recycles Day (United States)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abibus of Edessa
    • Albert the Great
    • Blessed Caius of Korea
    • Didier of Cahors
    • Francis Asbury and George Whitefield (Episcopal Church)
    • Blessed Hugh Faringdon
    • Leopold III, a public holiday in Lower Austria and Vienna.
    • Malo
    • Mechell
    • November 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the German-speaking Community of Belgium (German-speaking Community of Belgium)
  • Day of the Imprisoned Writer (International observance)
  • Earliest day on which Beaujolais Day can fall, while November 21 is the latest; observed on the third Thursday in November (International)
  • Earliest day on which Day of the Revolution can fall, while November 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Monday in November (Mexico)
  • Earliest day on which Great American Smokeout can fall, while November 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Thursday in November (United States)
  • Independence Day, unilaterally declared in 1988. (Palestine)
  • King's Feast (Belgium)
  • National Tree Planting Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Peace Day (Ivory Coast)
  • Republic Proclamation Day (Brazil)
  • Shichi-Go-San (Japan)
  • The beginning of Winter Lent (Eastern Orthodox)

References

  1. D. P. Kirby, "Bede and Northumbrian Chronology", The English Historical Review, Vol. 78, No. 308, July 1963, pages 514–27
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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