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  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
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  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Tuesday)
  2011 (Sunday)

November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 48 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 1002 – English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.[1]
  • 1093Battle of Alnwick: in an English victory over the Scots, Malcolm III of Scotland, and his son Edward, are killed.[2]
  • 1160Louis VII of France marries Adela of Champagne.
  • 1642First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.
  • 1715Jacobite rising in Scotland: Battle of Sheriffmuir: The forces of the Kingdom of Great Britain halt the Jacobite advance, although the action is inconclusive.[3]
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal.
  • 1841James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism.
  • 1851 – The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle.
  • 1887Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.
  • 1901 – The 1901 Caister lifeboat disaster.
  • 1914Zaian War: Berber tribesmen inflict the heaviest defeat of French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.
  • 1916World War I: Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
  • 1918 – World War I: Allied troops occupy Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1927 – The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.
  • 1940Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre.
  • 1941World War II: The aircraft carrier Template:HMS is torpedoed by Template:GS, sinking the following day.
  • 1942 – World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal: U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
  • 1947 – The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles.
  • 1950 – General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas.
  • 1954Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.
  • 1956 – The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery bus boycott.
  • 1966 – In response to Fatah raids against Israelis near the West Bank border, Israel launches an attack on the village of As-Samu.
  • 1969Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic March Against Death.
  • 1970Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night.
  • 1974Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror.
  • 1982Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas. Kim's subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport.
  • 1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.
  • 1985 – The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.
  • 1985 – Xavier Suárez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.
  • 1989Hans-Adam II, the present Prince of Liechtenstein, begins his reign on the death of his father.
  • 1990 – In Aramoana, New Zealand, David Gray shoots dead 13 people in a massacre before being tracked down and killed by police the next day.
  • 1992 – The High Court of Australia rules in Dietrich v The Queen that although there is no absolute right to have publicly funded counsel, in most circumstances a judge should grant any request for an adjournment or stay when an accused is unrepresented.
  • 1994 – In a referendum, voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union.
  • 1995Mozambique becomes the first state to join the Commonwealth of Nations without having been part of the former British Empire.[4]
  • 1995 – A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility.
  • 2000Philippine House Speaker Manny Villar passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada.
  • 2001War on Terror: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
  • 2002Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
  • 2002 – During the Prestige oil spill a storm burst a tank of the oil tanker MV Prestige which was not allowed to dock and sank on November 19, 2002 off the coast of Galicia, spilling 63,000 metric tons of heavy fuel oil, more than the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.
  • 2012 – A total solar eclipse occurred in parts of Australia and the South Pacific
  • 2013Hawaii legalizes same sex marriage.
  • 20134 World Trade Center officially opens.
  • 2015 – A set of coordinated terror attacks in Paris, including multiple shootings, explosions, and a hostage crisis in the 10th and 11th arrondissements kill 130 people, seven attackers, and injured 368 others, with at least 80 critically wounded.
  • 2015 – WT1190F, a temporary satellite of Earth, impacts just southeast of Sri Lanka.

Births

  • 354Augustine of Hippo, Roman bishop and theologian (d. 430)
  • 1312Edward III of England (d. 1377)[5]
  • 1453Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1475–1515) (d. 1527)
  • 1486Johann Eck, German theologian and academic (d. 1543)
  • 1493William IV, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1550)
  • 1504Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1567)
  • 1572Cyril Lucaris, Greek patriarch and theologian (d. 1638)
  • 1559Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (d. 1621)
  • 1699Jan Zach, Czech violinist, organist, and composer (d. 1773)
  • 1710Charles Simon Favart, French director and playwright (d. 1792)
  • 1715Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor (d. 1762)
  • 1732John Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1760Jiaqing Emperor of China (d. 1820)
  • 1761John Moore, Scottish general and politician (d. 1809)
  • 1780Ranjit Singh, Sikh emperor (d. 1839)
  • 1782Esaias Tegnér, Swedish bishop and educator (d. 1846)
  • 1804Theophilus H. Holmes, American general (d. 1880)
  • 1809John A. Dahlgren, American admiral (d. 1870)
  • 1813Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Montenegrin metropolitan, philosopher, and poet (d. 1851)
  • 1814Joseph Hooker, American general (d. 1879)
  • 1833Edwin Booth, American actor and manager (d. 1893)
  • 1837James T. Rapier, American lawyer and politician (d. 1883)
  • 1838Joseph F. Smith, American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1918)
  • 1841Edward Burd Grubb, Jr., American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Spain (d. 1913)
  • 1847Mir Mosharraf Hossain, famous novelist of Bengali Literature (d. 1912)
  • 1848Albert I, Prince of Monaco (d. 1922)
  • 1850Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, poet, and essayist (d. 1894)
  • 1853John Drew, Jr., American actor (d. 1927)
  • 1854George Whitefield Chadwick, American composer and educator (d. 1931)
  • 1856Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1941)
  • 1864James Cannon Jr., American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South (d. 1944)
  • 1866Abraham Flexner, American educator, founded the Institute for Advanced Study (d. 1959)
  • 1869Helene Stöcker, German author and activist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian-American activist, journalist, and politician (d. 1962)
  • 1872John M. Lyle, Irish-Canadian architect and educator, designed the Royal Alexandra Theatre (d. 1945)
  • 1878Max Dehn, German-American mathematician and academic (d. 1952)
  • 1879John Grieb, American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1939)
  • 1881Jesús García, Mexican railroad brakeman (d. 1907)
  • 1883Leo Goodwin, American swimmer, diver, and water polo player (d. 1957)
  • 1886Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)
  • 1893Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1894Bennie Moten, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1935)
  • 1894 – Arthur Nebe, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897Gertrude Olmstead, American actress (d. 1975)
  • 1899Iskander Mirza, Pakistani general and politician, 1st President of Pakistan (d. 1969)
  • 1900David Marshall Williams, American convicted murderer and firearms designer (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Edward Buzzell, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1904H. C. Potter, American director and producer (d. 1977)
  • 1906Hermione Baddeley, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – A. W. Mailvaganam, Sri Lankan physicist and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Eva Zeisel, Hungarian-American potter and designer (d. 2011)
  • 1908C. Vann Woodward, American historian, author, and academic (d. 1999)
  • 1909Vincent Apap, Maltese sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1910William Bradford Huie, American journalist and author (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Pat Reid, Indian-English soldier and author (d. 1990)
  • 1911Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1913V. Appapillai, Sri Lankan physicist and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Lon Nol, Cambodian general and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Cambodia (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Dimitrios Hatzis, Greek novelist and journalist (d. 1981)
  • 1914Amelia Bence, Argentinian actress (d. 2016)
  • 1914 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1917Vasantdada Patil, Indian farmer and politician, 9th Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Robert Sterling, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918George Grant, Canadian philosopher and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1920Guillermina Bravo, Mexican dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1921Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1922Jack Narz, American game show host and announcer (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Oskar Werner, Austrian-German actor (d. 1984)
  • 1923Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1924Motoo Kimura, Japanese biologist and geneticist (d. 1994)
  • 1926Harry Hughes, American lawyer and politician, 57th Governor of Maryland (d. 2019)
  • 1927Albert Turner Bharucha-Reid, American mathematician and theorist (d. 1985)
  • 1928Helena Carroll, Scottish-American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Hampton Hawes, American pianist and author (d. 1977)
  • 1929Robert Bonnaud, French historian and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Fred Phelps, American lawyer, pastor, and activist, founded the Westboro Baptist Church (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Asashio Tarō III, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 46th Yokozuna (d. 1988)
  • 1930Benny Andrews, American painter and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1931Adrienne Corri, Scottish actress (d. 2016)
  • 1932Buddy Killen, American record producer and music publisher (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1933Don Lane, American-Australian actor, singer, and television host (d. 2009)
  • 1933 – Ojārs Vācietis, Latvian author and poet (d. 1983)
  • 1934Peter Arnett, New Zealand-American journalist and academic
  • 1934 – Jimmy Fontana, Italian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Kamahl, Malaysian-Australian singer
  • 1934 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1935George Carey, English archbishop and theologian
  • 1936Salim Kallas, Syrian actor and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1938Gérald Godin, Canadian journalist, poet, and politician (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Jack Rule, Jr., American golfer
  • 1938 – Jean Seberg, American-French actress and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1939Karel Brückner, Czech footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Idris Muhammad, American drummer and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1940Saul Kripke, American philosopher and academic
  • 1940 – Janet Lawson, American jazz singer and educator
  • 1940 – William Taubman, American political scientist and author
  • 1940 – Baby Washington, American soul singer
  • 1941Eberhard Diepgen, German lawyer and politician, 10th Mayor of Berlin
  • 1941 – David Green, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Hobby Lobby
  • 1941 – Dack Rambo, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Mel Stottlemyre, American baseball player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1942John P. Hammond, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943Roberto Boninsegna, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1943 – Jay Sigel, American golfer
  • 1943 – Howard Wilkinson, English footballer and manager
  • 1944Timmy Thomas, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1945Masahiro Hasemi, Japanese race car driver
  • 1945 – Bobby Manuel, American guitarist and producer
  • 1945 – Knut Riisnæs, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1946Stanisław Barańczak, Polish-American poet, critic, and scholar (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Ray Wylie Hubbard, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947Toy Caldwell, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Amory Lovins, American physicist and environmentalist
  • 1947 – Joe Mantegna, American actor and voice artist
  • 1948Humayun Ahmed, Bengali popular writer, dramatist, novelist, screenwriter, lyricist and filmmaker (d. 2012)
  • 1949Terry Reid, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950Mary Lou Metzger, American singer and dancer
  • 1950 – Gilbert Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951Pini Gershon, Israeli basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Harry Hurt III, American author and journalist
  • 1952Merrick Garland, Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
  • 1952 – Mark Lye, American golfer
  • 1952 – Art Malik, Pakistani-English actor and producer
  • 1953Frances Conroy, American actress
  • 1953 – Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexican lawyer and politician
  • 1954Scott McNealy, American businessman, co-founded Sun Microsystems
  • 1954 – Chris Noth, American actor and producer
  • 1955Bill Britton, American golfer
  • 1955 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedian, and talk show host
  • 1956Aldo Nova, Canadian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1957Nick Baines, English bishop
  • 1957 – Stephen Baxter, English author
  • 1957 – Roger Ingram, American trumpet player, educator, and author
  • 1959Caroline Goodall, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1960Neil Flynn, American actor
  • 1960 – Teodora Ungureanu, Romanian gymnast and coach
  • 1961Kim Polese, American entrepreneur and technology executive
  • 1963Jaime Covilhã, Angolan basketball player and coach
  • 1963 – Vinny Testaverde, American football player
  • 1964Timo Rautiainen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1964 – Dan Sullivan, American politician
  • 1966Susanna Haapoja, Finnish politician (d. 2009)
  • 1967Juhi Chawla, Indian actress, singer, and producer, Miss India 1984
  • 1967 – Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1967 – Steve Zahn, American actor and singer
  • 1968Pat Hentgen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1969Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somalian-American activist and author
  • 1969 – Lori Berenson, American activist
  • 1969 – Gerard Butler, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Nico Motchebon, German runner
  • 1969 – Josh Mancell, American drummer and composer
  • 1972Takuya Kimura, Japanese singer
  • 1972 – Samantha Riley, Australian swimmer
  • 1973David Auradou, French rugby player
  • 1973 – Ari Hoenig, American drummer and composer
  • 1974Carl Hoeft, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1974 – Indrek Zelinski, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1975Tom Compernolle, Belgian runner (d. 2008)
  • 1975 – Alain Digbeu, French basketball player
  • 1975 – Ivica Dragutinović, Serbian footballer
  • 1975 – Quim, Portuguese footballer
  • 1975 – Toivo Suursoo, Estonian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976Kelly Sotherton, English sprinter and long jumper
  • 1976 – Hiroshi Tanahashi, Japanese wrestler
  • 1977Huang Xiaoming, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1977Zulfiqer Russell, Bangladeshi journalist and lyricist
  • 1978Nikolai Fraiture, American bass player
  • 1979Kick, Japanese comedian and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Subliminal, Israeli rapper and producer
  • 1979 – Metta World Peace, American basketball player and rapper
  • 1980Monique Coleman, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1980 – Sara Del Rey, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1980 – François-Louis Tremblay, Canadian speed skater
  • 1981Rivkah, American author and illustrator
  • 1981 – Ryan Bertin, American wrestler and coach
  • 1982Michael Copon, American actor, singer, and producer
  • 1982 – Samkon Gado, Nigerian-American football player
  • 1982 – Kumi Koda, Japanese singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1982 – Adam Shantry, English cricketer
  • 1983Kalle Kriit, Estonian cyclist
  • 1983 – Maleli Kunavore, Fijian rugby player (d. 2012)
  • 1984Lucas Barrios, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1984 – Kurt Morath, Tongan rugby player
  • 1984 – Jamie Soward, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1985Asdrúbal Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1986Kevin Bridges, Scottish comedian and actor
  • 1987Hatsune Matsushima, Japanese model and actress
  • 1987 – Dana Vollmer, American swimmer
  • 1992Dylan Napa, Australian-Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1992 – Maksim Podholjuzin, Estonian footballer
  • 1993Julia Michaels, American singer and songwriter
  • 1994Andrew Tang, Singaporean race car driver
  • 1994 – Laurien Leurink, Dutch field hockey midfielder
  • 1995Oliver Stummvoll, Austrian model

Deaths

  • 867Pope Nicholas I (b. 800)
  • 1002Pallig, Danish chieftain, Jarl of Devonshire
  • 1002 – Gunhilde, wife of Pallig, Danish chieftain
  • 1004Abbo of Fleury, French monk and saint (b. 945)
  • 1072Adalbero III of Luxembourg (b. c. 1010)
  • 1093Malcolm III of Scotland (b. 1031)
  • 1143Fulk, King of Jerusalem (b. 1089)
  • 1154Iziaslav II of Kiev, Prince of Vladimir and Volyn, (b. c. 1097)
  • 1175Henry of France, Archbishop of Reims (b. c.1121)
  • 1299Oliver Sutton, Bishop of Lincoln
  • 1319Eric VI of Denmark (b. 1274)
  • 1345Constance of Peñafiel, queen of Pedro I of Portugal (b. 1323)
  • 1359Ivan II of Moscow (b. 1326)
  • 1369Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick
  • 1432Anne of Burgundy, duchess of Bedford (b. 1404)[6]
  • 1440Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland
  • 1460Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (b. 1394)
  • 1502Annio da Viterbo, Italian friar, historian, and scholar (b. 1432)
  • 1606Girolamo Mercuriale, Italian physician and philologist (b. 1530)
  • 1619Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter and illustrator (b. 1555)
  • 1650Thomas May, English poet and historian (b. 1595)
  • 1726Sophia Dorothea of Celle (b. 1666)
  • 1770George Grenville, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)
  • 1771Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (b. 1712)
  • 1777William Bowyer, English printer and author (b. 1699)
  • 1862Ludwig Uhland, German poet, philologist, and historian (b. 1787)
  • 1863Ignacio Comonfort, Mexican soldier and politician. President 1855-1858 (b. 1812)[7]
  • 1867Adolphe Napoléon Didron, French archaeologist and historian (b. 1806)
  • 1868Gioachino Rossini, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1792)
  • 1883J. Marion Sims, American physician and gynecologist (b. 1813)
  • 1903Camille Pissarro, Virgin Islander-French painter (b. 1830)
  • 1929Princess Viktoria of Prussia (b. 1866)
  • 1932Francisco Lagos Cházaro, acting president of Mexico (1915) (b. 1878)
  • 1937Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (b. 1857)
  • 1942Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral (b. 1890)
  • 1952Margaret Wise Brown, American author (b. 1910)
  • 1954Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1955Bernard DeVoto, American historian and author (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Moshe Pesach, Greek rabbi (b. 1869)
  • 1961Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (b. 1897)
  • 1963Margaret Murray, Indian-English anthropologist and author (b. 1863)
  • 1969Iskander Mirza, Indian-Pakistani general and politician, 1st President of Pakistan (b. 1899)
  • 1973Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Bruno Maderna, Italian-German conductor and composer (b. 1920)
  • 1974Vittorio De Sica, Italian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Karen Silkwood, American technician and activist (b. 1946)
  • 1975Olga Bergholz, Russian poet and playwright (b. 1910)
  • 1979Dimitris Psathas, Greek playwright and academic (b. 1907)
  • 1982Hugues Lapointe, Canadian lawyer and politician, 15th Solicitor General of Canada (b. 1911)
  • 1983Henry Jamison Handy, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1886)
  • 1983 – Junior Samples, American comedian and actor (b. 1926)
  • 1986Franco Cortese, Italian race car driver (b. 1903)
  • 1988Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor and composer (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (b. 1902)
  • 1989Victor Davis, Canadian swimmer (b. 1964)
  • 1989 – Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Rohana Wijeweera, Sri Lankan rebel and politician (b. 1943)
  • 1989 – Dorothea Krook-Gilead, Latvian-South African author, translator and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 1991Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian cardinal (b. 1904)
  • 1993Rufus R. Jones, American wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1994Jack Baker, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Motoo Kimura, Japanese biologist and geneticist (b. 1924)
  • 1996Bill Doggett, American pianist and composer (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Bobbie Vaile, Australian astrophysicist and academic (b. 1959)
  • 1997André Boucourechliev, Bulgarian-French pianist and composer (b. 1925)
  • 1998Edwige Feuillère, French actress (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Valerie Hobson, Irish-born English actress (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Red Holzman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1920)
  • 2001Cornelius Warmerdam, American pole vaulter (b. 1915)
  • 2002Juan Alberto Schiaffino, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Rishikesh Shaha, Nepalese academic and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2004John Balance, English singer-songwriter (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper and producer (b. 1968)
  • 2004 – Thomas M. Foglietta, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1928)
  • 2005Vine Deloria, Jr., American historian, theologian, and author (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2007Wahab Akbar, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1960)
  • 2007 – John Doherty, English footballer and manager (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Kazuhisa Inao, Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1937)
  • 2010Luis García Berlanga, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Allan Sandage, American astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1926)
  • 2012Erazm Ciołek, Polish photographer and author (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Manuel Peña Escontrela, Spanish footballer (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – John Sheridan, English rugby player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2013Hans-Jürgen Heise, German author and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Chieko Aioi, Japanese actress and voice actress (b. 1934)
  • 2014María José Alvarado, Honduran model, Señorita Honduras 2014 (b. 1995)
  • 2014 – Kakha Bendukidze, Georgian economist and politician, Georgian Minister of Economy (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician and theorist (b. 1928)
  • 2016Leon Russell, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2017Bobby Doerr, American baseball player and manager (b. 1918)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Agostina Livia Pietrantoni
    • Brice of Tours
    • Didacus (Diego) of Alcalá
    • Eugenius II of Toledo
    • Frances Xavier Cabrini
    • Homobonus
    • John Chrysostom (Eastern Orthodox, Repose)
    • Quintian of Rodez
    • Saints of the Benedictine family
    • Saints of the Premonstratensian Order
    • Stanislaus Kostka
    • Charles Simeon (Church of England)
    • The Hundred Thousand Martyrs of Tbilisi (Georgian Orthodox Church)
  • Earliest day on which National Day of Mourning or Volkstrauertag can fall, observed two Sundays before the first of Advent. (Germany)
  • Sadie Hawkins Day (United States)
  • World Kindness Day

References

  1. The Week. CUP Archive. p. 111. GGKEY:6LA1WKD030K.
  2. A Dictionary of British History. Arnold. 1937. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-19-955037-1.
  3. Template:Historic Environment Scotland
  4. Ingram, Derek (April 1996). "Commonwealth Update". The Round Table. 85 (338): 153–165. doi:10.1080/00358539608454302.
  5. "BBC - History - Edward III". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  6. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, 1405-1449, publié d'après les manuscrits de Rome et de Paris, par Alexandre Tuetey, chez Champion, Paris, 1881, pp. 289-290 [1] (in French)
  7. "Biografía corta de Ignacio Comonfort" [Short biography of Ignacio Comonfort] (in Spanish). Historia de Mexico breve. Retrieved May 28, 2019.

External links


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