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  2020 (Thursday)
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Events

  • 954 – The 13-year-old Lothair III is crowned at the Abbey of Saint-Remi as king of the West Frankish Kingdom.[1]
  • 1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoe takes the throne as empress consort to Romanos III Argyros.[2]
  • 1330Battle of Posada ends: Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army by ambush.[3]
  • 1439Plymouth becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
  • 1892Pudge Heffelfinger becomes the first professional American football player on record, participating in his first paid game for the Allegheny Athletic Association.
  • 1893Abdur Rahman Khan accepts the Durand Line as the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj.
  • 1905 – Norway holds a referendum resulting in popular approval of the Storting's decision to authorise the government to make the offer of the throne of the newly independent country.[4]
  • 1912 – King George I of Greece makes a triumphal entry into Thessaloniki after its liberation from 482 years of Ottoman rule.
  • 1912 – The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.[5]
  • 1918 – Austria becomes a republic.[6] After the proclamation, a coup attempt by the communist Red Guard is defeated by the social-democratic Volkswehr.[7]
  • 1920 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
  • 1927Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928Template:SS sinks approximately Script error: No such module "convert". off Hampton Roads, Virginia, killing at least 110 passengers, mostly women and children who die after the vessel is abandoned.
  • 1936 – In California, the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.[8]
  • 1940World War II: The Battle of Gabon ends as Free French Forces take Libreville, Gabon, and all of French Equatorial Africa from Vichy French forces.
  • 1940 – World War II: Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov arrives in Berlin to discuss the possibility of the Soviet Union joining the Axis Powers.
  • 1941 – World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 °C as the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Template:Ship is destroyed during the Battle of Sevastopol.[9]
  • 1942 – World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces begins near Guadalcanal. The battle lasts for three days and ends with an American victory.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers, which sink the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
  • 1948 – In Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East sentences seven Japanese military and government officials, including General Hideki Tojo, to death for their roles in World War II.
  • 1954Ellis Island ceased operations.[10]
  • 1956Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.
  • 1956 – In the midst of the Suez Crisis, Palestinian refugees are shot dead in Rafah by Israeli soldiers following the invasion of the Gaza Strip.
  • 1958 – A team of rock climbers led by Warren Harding completes the first ascent of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley.
  • 1961 – Terry Jo Duperrault is the sole survivor of a series of brutal murders aboard the Ketch Bluebelle. [11]
  • 1969Vietnam War: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the story of the My Lai Massacre.
  • 1970 – The Oregon Highway Division attempts to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous "exploding whale" incident.
  • 1970 – The 1970 Bhola cyclone makes landfall on the coast of East Pakistan becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone in history.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: As part of Vietnamization, US President Richard Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
  • 1975 – The Comoros joins the United Nations.
  • 1977France conducts the Oreste nuclear test as 14th in the group of 29, 1975–78 French nuclear tests series.
  • 1979Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
  • 1980 – The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn and takes the first images of its rings.
  • 1981Space Shuttle program: Mission STS-2, utilizing the Space Shuttle Columbia, marks the first time a manned spacecraft is launched into space twice.
  • 1982USSR: Yuri Andropov becomes the General Secretary of the Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
  • 1990Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
  • 1990 – Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
  • 1991Santa Cruz massacre: Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
  • 1995Erdut Agreement regarding the peaceful resolution to the Croatian War of Independence was reached.
  • 1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collide in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349. The deadliest mid-air collision to date.
  • 1997Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
  • 1999 – The 7.2 Template:M Düzce earthquake shakes northwestern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). At least 845 people were killed and almost 5,000 were injured.
  • 2001 – In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 en route to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2001 – War in Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
  • 2003Iraq War: In Nasiriyah, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003 – Shanghai Transrapid sets a new world speed record (Script error: No such module "convert".) for commercial railway systems, which remains the fastest for unmodified commercial rail vehicles.
  • 2011Silvio Berlusconi tenders his resignation as Prime Minister of Italy, effective November 16, due in large part to the European sovereign debt crisis.
  • 2011 – A blast in Iran's Shahid Modarres missile base leads to the death of 17 of the Revolutionary Guards members, including Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, a key figure in Iran's missile program.
  • 2014 – The Philae lander, deployed from the European Space Agency's Rosetta probe, reaches the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko.
  • 2015 – Two suicide bombers detonated explosives in Bourj el-Barajneh, Beirut, killing 43 people and injuring over 200 others.
  • 2017 – The 7.3 Template:M Kermanshah earthquake shakes the northern IranIraq border with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). At least 410 people were killed and over 7,000 were injured.

Births

  • 1450Jacques of Savoy, Count of Romont, Prince of Savoy (d. 1486)
  • 1492Johan Rantzau, German general (d. 1565)
  • 1494Margaret of Anhalt-Köthen, Princess of Anhalt by birth, by marriage Duchess of Saxony (d. 1521)
  • 1528Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
  • 1547Claude of Valois (d. 1575)[12]
  • 1579Albrecht of Hanau-Münzenberg, German nobleman (d. 1635)
  • 1606Jeanne Mance, French-Canadian nurse, founded the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal (d. 1673)
  • 1615Richard Baxter, English minister, poet, and theologian (d. 1691)
  • 1627Diego Luis de San Vitores, Spanish Jesuit missionary (d. 1672)
  • 1651Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican nun, poet, and scholar (d. 1695)
  • 1655Francis Nicholson, British Army general and colonial administrator (d. 1727)
  • 1684Edward Vernon, English admiral and politician (d. 1757)
  • 1729Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French admiral and explorer (d. 1811)
  • 1755Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general and politician, Prussian Minister of War (d. 1813)
  • 1780Piet Retief, South African ruler (d. 1838)
  • 1793Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz, Livonian physician and botanist (d. 1831)
  • 1795Thaddeus William Harris, American entomologist and botanist (d. 1856)
  • 1815Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American activist (d. 1902)[13]
  • 1817Bahá'u'lláh, Persian spiritual leader, founded the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1892)[14]
  • 1833Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (d. 1887)
  • 1840Auguste Rodin, French sculptor and illustrator, created The Thinker (d. 1917)
  • 1842John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1848Eduard Müller, Swiss lawyer and politician, 51st President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1919)
  • 1850Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player and theoretician (d. 1908)
  • 1866Sun Yat-sen, Chinese physician and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (d. 1925)[15]
  • 1872William Fay, Irish actor and producer (d. 1947)
  • 1881Olev Siinmaa, Estonian-Swedish architect (d. 1948)
  • 1881 – Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1886Günther Dyhrenfurth, German geologist and mountaineer (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Ben Travers, English author and playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1889DeWitt Wallace, American publisher and philanthropist, co-founded Reader's Digest (d. 1981)
  • 1890Lily Kronberger, Hungarian figure skater (d. 1974)
  • 1892Tudor Davies, Welsh tenor and actor (d. 1958)
  • 1894Thorleif Schjelderup-Ebbe, Norwegian zoologist and comparative psychologist (d. 1976)
  • 1895Manuel Alonso Areizaga, Spanish tennis player (d. 1984)
  • 1895 – Nima Yooshij, Iranian poet and academic (d. 1960)
  • 1896Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1897Karl Marx, German composer and conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1898Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1900Stanley Graham, New Zealand mass murderer (d. 1941)
  • 1901James Luther Adams, American minister and theologian (d. 1994)
  • 1903Jack Oakie, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1904Max Hoffman, Austrian-born car importer and businessman (d. 1981)
  • 1905Louise Thaden, American pilot (d. 1979)[16]
  • 1906George Dillon, American soldier and poet (d. 1968)
  • 1908Harry Blackmun, American lawyer and judge (d. 1999)
  • 1910Dudley Nourse, South African cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1911Buck Clayton, American trumpet player and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1914Peter Whitehead, English race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1915Roland Barthes, French philosopher, theorist, and critic (d. 1980)
  • 1916Paul Emery, English race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1917Jo Stafford, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1919France Štiglic, Slovenian film director and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1920Richard Quine, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1922Tadeusz Borowski, Polish poet, author, and journalist (d. 1951)
  • 1922 – Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923Ian Graham, English archaeologist and explorer (d. 2017)
  • 1923 – Rubén Bonifaz Nuño, Mexican poet and scholar (d. 2013)
  • 1924Sam Jones, American bassist, cellist, and composer (d. 1981)
  • 1926Robert Goff, Baron Goff of Chieveley, English lawyer and judge (d. 2016)
  • 1927František Šťastný, Czech motorcycle racer and sportscaster (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician and theorist (d. 1958)
  • 1929Michael Ende, German author and fiction writer (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Grace Kelly, American actress, later Princess Grace of Monaco (d. 1982)[17]
  • 1930Bob Crewe, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1934Charles Manson, American cult leader (d. 2017)
  • 1934 – John McGahern, Irish author and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Vavá, Brazilian footballer and manager (d. 2002)
  • 1938Denis DeJordy, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1938 – Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian journalist and politician, 3rd President of Tanzania
  • 1938 – Mort Shuman, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1939Lucia Popp, Slovak soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1940Amjad Khan, Indian actor & director (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – Michel Audet, Canadian economist and politician
  • 1940 – Jürgen Todenhöfer, German judge and politician
  • 1943Errol Brown, Jamaican-English singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Brian Hyland, American pop singer
  • 1943 – Wallace Shawn, American actor, comedian and playwright
  • 1943 – Björn Waldegård, Swedish race car driver (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – John Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1944Booker T. Jones, American pianist, saxophonist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1944 – Al Michaels, American sportscaster
  • 1945Michael Bishop, American author and educator
  • 1945 – Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1945 – Judith Roitman, American mathematician and academic
  • 1946Alexandra Charles, Swedish businesswoman
  • 1947Buck Dharma, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Patrice Leconte, French director and screenwriter
  • 1948Hassan Rouhani, Iranian lawyer and politician; 7th President of Iran
  • 1949Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Jack Reed, American soldier and politician
  • 1950Barbara Fairchild, American country and gospel singer-songwriter
  • 1953Baaba Maal, Senegalese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954Paul McNamee, Australian tennis player
  • 1955Les McKeown, Scottish pop singer
  • 1957Tim Samaras, American engineer, storm chaser (d. 2013)
  • 1958Megan Mullally, American actress and singer
  • 1958 – Mykola Vynnychenko, Ukrainian race walker
  • 1959Vincent Irizarry, American actor
  • 1959 – Toshihiko Sahashi, Japanese composer
  • 1960Maurane, Belgian singer and actress (d. 2018)
  • 1961Nadia Comăneci, Romanian gymnast and coach[18]
  • 1961 – Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1962Kuniko Asagi, Japanese actress and television host
  • 1962 – Jon Dough, American porn actor, director, and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1962 – Mariella Frostrup, Norwegian journalist and actress
  • 1962 – Mark Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1962 – Neal Shusterman, American author and poet
  • 1962 – Naomi Wolf, American author and activist
  • 1964Vic Chesnutt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1964 – David Ellefson, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1964 – Wang Kuang-hui, Taiwanese baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – Barbara Stühlmeyer, German musicologist, church musician and writer
  • 1965Lex Lang, American voice actor and producer
  • 1967Bassim Al-Karbalaei, Iraqi Eulogy Reciter
  • 1967 – Disco Inferno, American wrestler and manager
  • 1967 – Iryna Khalip, Belarusian journalist
  • 1967 – Michael Moorer, American boxer
  • 1967 – Grant Nicholas, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Kathleen Hanna, American singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Sammy Sosa, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Aaron Stainthorpe, English-German singer-songwriter
  • 1969Ian Bremmer, American political scientist and author
  • 1969 – Jason Cundy, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Rob Schrab, American writer and artist
  • 1970Elektra, American wrestler, model, and dancer
  • 1970 – Tonya Harding, American figure skater
  • 1970 – Sarah Harmer, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Oscar Strasnoy, French-Argentine composer
  • 1971Chen Guangcheng, Chinese-American lawyer and activist
  • 1972Vassilios Tsiartas, Greek footballer
  • 1973Radha Mitchell, Australian actress
  • 1974Alessandro Birindelli, Italian footballer
  • 1975Kiara Bisaro, Canadian mountain biker[19]
  • 1975 – Jason Lezak, American swimmer
  • 1976Tevin Campbell, American R&B singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1976 – Judith Holofernes, German singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Richelle Mead, American author and educator
  • 1976 – Mirosław Szymkowiak, Polish footballer and journalist
  • 1977Benni McCarthy, South African footballer
  • 1977 – Lee Murray, English mixed martial artist
  • 1978Alexandra Maria Lara, Romanian-German actress
  • 1978 – Mista, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Ashley Williams, American actress
  • 1979Matt Cappotelli, American wrestler and trainer (d. 2018)
  • 1979 – Chad Cornes, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
  • 1979 – Lucas Glover, American golfer
  • 1979 – Corey Maggette, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Matt Stevic, Australian footballer and umpire
  • 1980Shaun Cooper, American bass player
  • 1980 – Nur Fettahoğlu, German-Turkish journalist and actress
  • 1980 – Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor, producer and singer
  • 1980 – Charlie Hodgson, English rugby player
  • 1981Annika Becker, German pole vaulter
  • 1981 – DJ Campbell, English footballer
  • 1981 – Sergio Floccari, Italian footballer
  • 1982Anne Hathaway, American actress
  • 1982 – Mikele Leigertwood, English footballer
  • 1983Charlie Morton, American baseball player
  • 1984Sepp De Roover, Belgian footballer
  • 1984 – Omarion, American singer, songwriter, actor and dancer [20]
  • 1984 – Jorge Masvidal, American mixed martial artist
  • 1984 – Sandara Park, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
  • 1984 – Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean race car driver
  • 1984 – Yan Zi, Chinese tennis player
  • 1985Arianny Celeste, American model and actress
  • 1985 – Adlène Guedioura, French-Algerian footballer
  • 1986Ignazio Abate, Italian footballer
  • 1986 – Nedum Onuoha, English footballer
  • 1987Jason Day, Australian golfer
  • 1987 – Kengo Kora, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988Russell Westbrook, American basketball player
  • 1989Hiroshi Kiyotake, Japanese footballer
  • 1990Florent Manaudou, French swimmer
  • 1990 – Harmeet Singh, Norwegian footballer
  • 1990 – Siim-Sander Vene, Estonian basketball player
  • 1991Gijs Van Hoecke, Belgian cyclist
  • 1992Trey Burke, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Adam Larsson, Swedish ice hockey player[21]
  • 1993Luguelín Santos, Dominican sprinter[22]
  • 1994Guillaume Cizeron, French ice dancer[23]

Deaths

  • 607Pope Boniface III
  • 657Livinus, Irish apostle (b. c.580)
  • 973Burchard III, Frankish nobleman (b. c.915)
  • 975Notker Physicus, Swiss painter
  • 1035Cnut the Great, Danish-English king (b. c.995)
  • 1087William I, Count of Burgundy (b. 1020)
  • 1094Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1202Canute VI of Denmark (b. 1163)
  • 1209Phillipe de Plessis, Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b. 1165)
  • 1218Henry de Abergavenny, Prior of Abergavenny and Bishop of Llandaff
  • 1347John of Viktring, Austrian chronicler and political advisor (b. c.1270)
  • 1375John Henry, Margrave of Moravia (b. 1322)[24]
  • 1434Louis III of Anjou (b. 1403)
  • 1555Stephen Gardiner, English bishop and politician, English Secretary of State (b. 1497)
  • 1555 – Yang Jisheng (b. 1516), Ming dynasty official and Confucian martyr[25]
  • 1555 – Zhang Jing, Ming Chinese general
  • 1562Pietro Martire Vermigli, Italian theologian (b. 1500)
  • 1567Anne de Montmorency, French general and diplomat (b. 1493)
  • 1572Henry of Stolberg, German nobleman (b. 1509)
  • 1595John Hawkins, English admiral and shipbuilder (b. 1532)
  • 1623Josaphat Kuncevyc, Lithuanian archbishop (b. c. 1582)
  • 1667Hans Nansen, Danish politician (b. 1598)
  • 1671Thomas Fairfax, English general and politician (b. 1612)
  • 1742Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1793Jean Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer, mathematician, and politician, 1st Mayor of Paris (b. 1736)
  • 1793 – Lord George Gordon, English politician (b. 1751)
  • 1836Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentinian general and politician, 6th Governor of Buenos Aires Province (b. 1773)
  • 1847William Christopher Zeise, Danish chemist who prepared Zeise's salt, one of the first organometallic compounds (b. 1789)
  • 1865Elizabeth Gaskell, English author (b. 1810)
  • 1896Joseph James Cheeseman, Liberian politician, 12th President of Liberia (b. 1843)
  • 1902William Henry Barlow, English engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1916Percival Lowell, American astronomer, mathematician, and author (b. 1855)
  • 1933John Cady, American golfer (b. 1866)
  • 1933 – F. Holland Day, American photographer and publisher (b. 1864)
  • 1939Norman Bethune, Canadian physician and humanitarian (b. 1890)
  • 1946Albert Bond Lambert, American golfer and pilot (b. 1875)
  • 1946 – Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian academic and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (b. 1861)
  • 1948Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
  • 1950Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (b. 1883)
  • 1950 – Julia Marlowe, English-American actress (b. 1865)
  • 1955Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer and architect, designed the Grand Hotel Aranybika (b. 1878)
  • 1955 – Tin Ujević, Croatian poet and translator (b. 1891)
  • 1955 – Sarah Wambaugh, American political scientist, world authority on plebiscites (b. 1882)
  • 1958Gustaf Söderström, Swedish shot putter, discus thrower, and tug of war competitor (b. 1865)
  • 1962Roque González Garza, Mexican general and acting president (1915) (b. 1885)[26]
  • 1965Taher Saifuddin, Indian spiritual leader, 51st Da'i al-Mutlaq (b. 1888)
  • 1969Liu Shaoqi, Chinese politician, 2nd Chairman of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • 1971Johanna von Caemmerer, German mathematician (d. 1971)[27]
  • 1972Rudolf Friml, Czech-American pianist and composer (b. 1879)
  • 1972 – Tommy Wisdom, English race car driver and journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1976Mikhail Gurevich, Russian engineer, co-founded Mikoyan (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Walter Piston, American composer and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1981William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1986Minoru Yasui, American lawyer and activist (b. 1916)
  • 1987Cornelis Vreeswijk, Dutch-Swedish singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (b. 1937)
  • 1990Eve Arden, American actress and comedian (b. 1908)
  • 1991Gabriele Tinti, Italian actor (b. 1932)
  • 1993H. R. Haldeman, American diplomat, 4th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1926)
  • 1994Wilma Rudolph, American sprinter and educator (b. 1940)
  • 1997Carlos Surinach, Spanish-American composer and conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1998Roy Hollis, English footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1998 – Sally Shlaer, American mathematician and engineer (b. 1938)
  • 2000Franck Pourcel, French conductor and composer (b. 1913)
  • 2001Albert Hague, German-American actor and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Tony Miles, English chess player and theoretician (b. 1955)
  • 2003Jonathan Brandis, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2003 – Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director and screenwriter (b. 1986)
  • 2003 – Penny Singleton, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Tony Thompson, American drummer (b. 1954)
  • 2007K. C. Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Ira Levin, American novelist, playwright, and songwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2008Catherine Baker Knoll, American educator and politician, 30th Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (b. 1947)
  • 2010Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (b. 1933)
  • 2012Hans Hammarskiöld, Swedish photographer (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Sergio Oliva, Cuban-American bodybuilder (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Daniel Stern, American psychologist and theorist (b. 1934)
  • 2013Steve Rexe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Konrad Rudnicki, Polish astronomer and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Aleksandr Serebrov, Russian engineer and astronaut (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – John Tavener, English composer and educator (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish painter and sculptor (b. 1943)
  • 2014Ravi Chopra, Indian director and producer (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Warren Clarke, English actor, director, and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Marge Roukema, American educator and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Valery Senderov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1945)
  • 2015Márton Fülöp, Hungarian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2015 – Jihadi John, terrorist (b. 1988)
  • 2016Lupita Tovar, Mexican-American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2016 – Mahmoud Abdel Aziz, Egyptian Actor (b. 1946)
  • 2018Stan Lee, American comic book writer, editor, and publisher (b. 1922)[28]

Holidays and observances

  • Birth of Sun Yat-Sen, also Doctors' Day and Cultural Renaissance Day. (Republic of China)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Arsatius
    • Astrik (or Anastasius) of Pannonhalma
    • Cumméne Fota
    • Cunibert
    • Emilian of Cogolla
    • Imerius of Immertal
    • Josaphat Kuntsevych (Roman Catholic Church, Greek Catholic Church)
    • Lebuinus (Liafwine)
    • Livinus of Ghent
    • Machar
    • Margarito Flores García
    • Nilus of Sinai
    • Patiens
    • René d'Angers
    • Theodore the Studite
    • Ymar
    • November 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Azerbaijan)
  • Father's Day (Indonesia)
  • National Health Day (Indonesia)
  • National Youth Day (East Timor)
  • World Pneumonia Day

References

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  20. https://www.who2.com/bio/omarion/
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  24. Spock Beta (dead link)
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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