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  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Monday)
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  2017 (Saturday)
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  2014 (Tuesday)
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  2012 (Sunday)
  2011 (Friday)

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Events

  • 308 – At Carnuntum, Emperor emeritus Diocletian confers with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to end the civil wars of the Tetrarchy.
  • 1028Constantine VIII died, ending his uninterrupted reign as emperor or co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire of 66 years.
  • 1100Henry I of England marries Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and a direct descendant of the Saxon king Edmund Ironside; Matilda is crowned in the same day.[1]
  • 1215 – The Fourth Council of the Lateran meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.
  • 1500Treaty of Granada: Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
  • 1572Tycho Brahe observes the supernova SN 1572.
  • 1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod.
  • 1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.
  • 1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in Ukraine: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets made by Kazimierz Siemienowicz are successfully used.
  • 1675Gottfried Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).
  • 1724Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
  • 1750Riots break out in Lhasa after the murder of the Tibetan regent.
  • 1750 – The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, is formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It is the first college fraternity.
  • 1778Cherry Valley massacre: Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
  • 1805Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein: Eight thousand French troops attempt to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1813War of 1812: Battle of Crysler's Farm: British and Canadian forces defeat a larger American force, causing the Americans to abandon their Saint Lawrence campaign.
  • 1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
  • 1839 – The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • 1864American Civil War: General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta to the ground in preparation for his march to the sea.
  • 1865Treaty of Sinchula is signed whereby Bhutan cedes the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
  • 1869 – The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act is enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.
  • 1880 – Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
  • 1887August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed as a result of the Haymarket affair.
  • 1889 – The State of Washington is admitted as the 42nd state of the United States.
  • 1911 – Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.
  • 1918World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne.
  • 1918 – Józef Piłsudski assumes supreme military power in Poland - symbolic first day of Polish independence.
  • 1918 – Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
  • 1919 – The Industrial Workers of the World attack an Armistice Day parade in Centralia, Washington, ultimately resulting in the deaths of five people.
  • 1919 – Latvian forces defeat the West Russian Volunteer Army at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.
  • 1921 – The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1923Adolf Hitler was arrested in Munich for high treason for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.
  • 1926 – The United States Numbered Highway System is established.
  • 1930Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
  • 1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is opened.
  • 1940World War II: In the Battle of Taranto, the Royal Navy launches the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history.
  • 1940 – World War II: The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail from the Automedon, and sends it to Japan.
  • 1942 – World War II: France's zone libre is occupied by German forces in Case Anton.
  • 1960 – A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed.
  • 1961 – Thirteen Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force, are massacred by a mob in Kindu.
  • 1962Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
  • 1965Southern Rhodesia's Prime Minister Ian Smith unilaterally declares the colony independent as the unrecognised state of Rhodesia
  • 1966NASA launches Gemini 12.
  • 1967Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
  • 1975Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December.
  • 1975 – Independence of Angola.
  • 1977 – A munitions explosion at a train station in Iri, South Korea kills at least 56 people.[2]
  • 1981Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 – The General Synod of the Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 1993 – A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
  • 1999 – The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage.
  • 2000Kaprun disaster: One hundred fifty-five skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel in Kaprun, Austria.
  • 2001 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.
  • 2004New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
  • 2004 – The Palestine Liberation Organization confirms the death of Yasser Arafat from unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
  • 2006Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
  • 2012 – A strong earthquake with the magnitude 6.8 hits northern Burma, killing at least 26 people.
  • 2014 – Fifty-eight people are killed in a bus crash in the Sukkur District in southern Pakistan's Sindh province.

Births

  • 1050Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1106)[3]
  • 1154Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1212)
  • 1155Alfonso VIII of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1220Alphonse, Count of Poitiers (d. 1271)
  • 1430Jošt of Rožmberk, Bishop of Breslau (d. 1467)
  • 1441Charlotte of Savoy, French queen (d. 1483)
  • 1449Catherine of Poděbrady, Hungarian Queen (d. 1464)
  • 1491Martin Bucer, German Protestant reformer (d. 1551)
  • 1493Paracelsus, Swiss-German physician, botanist, astrologer, and occultist (d. 1541)
  • 1512Marcin Kromer, Prince-Bishop of Warmia (d. 1589)
  • 1569Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and chemist (d. 1611)
  • 1579Frans Snyders, Flemish painter (d. 1657)
  • 1599Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg (d. 1655)
  • 1599 – Ottavio Piccolomini, Austrian-Italian field marshal (d. 1656)
  • 1633George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1695)
  • 1668Johann Albert Fabricius, German author and scholar (d. 1736)
  • 1696Andrea Zani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1757)
  • 1743Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist, entomologist, and psychologist (d. 1828)
  • 1748Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1791Josef Munzinger, Swiss lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1855)
  • 1821Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and philosopher (d. 1881)
  • 1836Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and author (d. 1907)
  • 1852Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austrian-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
  • 1855Stevan Sremac, Serbian author and activist (d. 1906)
  • 1857Janet Erskine Stuart, English nun and educator (d. 1914)
  • 1860Thomas Joseph Byrnes, Australian politician, 12th Premier of Queensland (d. 1898)
  • 1863Paul Signac, French painter and educator (d. 1935)
  • 1864Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1921)
  • 1866Martha Annie Whiteley, English chemist and mathematician (d. 1956)[4]
  • 1867Shrimad Rajchandra, a Jain philosopher, spiritual mentor of Mahatma Gandhi (d. 1901)[5]
  • 1868Édouard Vuillard, French painter and academic (d. 1940)
  • 1869Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (d. 1947)[6]
  • 1872David I. Walsh, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1882Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1883Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor and academic (d. 1969)
  • 1885George S. Patton, American general (d. 1945)
  • 1887Roland Young, English-American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1888Abul Kalam Azad, Indian activist, scholar, and politician, Indian Minister of Education (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – J. B. Kripalani, Indian lawyer and politician (d.1982)
  • 1891Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player and manager (d. 1954)
  • 1891 – Grunya Sukhareva, Ukrainian-Russian psychiatrist and university lecturer (d. 1981)
  • 1894Beverly Bayne, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1895Wealthy Babcock, American mathematician and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1896Shirley Graham Du Bois, American author, playwright, composer, and activist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 – Carlos Eduardo Castañeda, Mexican-American historian (d. 1958)
  • 1898René Clair, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981)[7]
  • 1899Pat O'Brien, American actor (d. 1983)
  • 1900Maria Babanova, Russian stage and film actress (d. 1983)
  • 1901Sam Spiegel, American film producer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason, American historian and author (d. 1978)
  • 1904Alger Hiss, American lawyer and convicted spy (d. 1996)
  • 1904 – J. H. C. Whitehead, Indian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1960)
  • 1906Brother Theodore, German-American monologuist and comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1907Orestis Laskos, Greek director, screenwriter, and poet (d. 1992)
  • 1909Robert Ryan, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1909 – Piero Scotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1976)
  • 1911Roberto Matta, Chilean-Italian painter and sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1912Thomas C. Mann, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to El Salvador (d. 1999)
  • 1914James Gilbert Baker, American astronomer, optician, and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Taslim Olawale Elias, Nigerian academic and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of Nigeria (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Howard Fast, American novelist and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Henry Wade, American soldier and lawyer (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Daisy Bates, American activist who played a leading role in the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957 (d. 1999)
  • 1915William Proxmire, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Anna Schwartz, American economist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1916Robert Carr, English engineer and politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 2012)
  • 1918Stubby Kaye, American entertainer (d. 1997)
  • 1919Kalle Päätalo, Finnish soldier and author (d. 2000)
  • 1920Roy Jenkins, Welsh-English captain, academic, and politician, President of the European Commission (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Walter Krupinski, German captain and pilot (d. 2000)
  • 1921Terrel Bell, American sergeant, academic, and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of Education (d. 1996)
  • 1922Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 2007)[8]
  • 1925John Guillermin, English-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – June Whitfield, English actress (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Jonathan Winters, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1926Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian race car driver (d. 2016)
  • 1927Mose Allison, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Martin Špegelj, Croatian general and politician, 2nd Croatian Minister of Defence (d. 2014)
  • 1928Ernestine Anderson, American singer (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Carlos Fuentes, Mexican novelist and essayist (d. 2012)
  • 1929LaVern Baker, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German author and poet
  • 1929 – Martin Jacomb, English lawyer, businessman, and academic
  • 1930Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician (d. 1982)
  • 1930 – Vernon Handley, English conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Mildred Dresselhaus, American physicist and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1932Germano Mosconi, Italian journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1933Martino Finotto, Italian race car driver (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Peter B. Lewis, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1935Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress (d. 2019)
  • 1936Jack Keller, American songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1937Vittorio Brambilla, Italian race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat, 14th Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1937 – Alicia Ostriker, American poet and scholar
  • 1939Denise Alexander, American actress
  • 1940Barbara Boxer, American journalist and politician
  • 1940 – Dennis Coffey, American guitarist
  • 1942Jonathan Fenby, English journalist and businessman
  • 1942 – Roy Fredericks, Guyanese-American cricketer and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1942 – Diane Wolkstein, American author and radio host (d. 2013)
  • 1943Doug Frost, Australian swim coach
  • 1945Chris Dreja, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1945 – Vince Martell, American singer and guitarist
  • 1945 – Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician, President of Nicaragua
  • 1946Al Holbert, American race car driver (d. 1988)
  • 1948Andrzej Czok, Polish mountaineer (d. 1986)
  • 1948 – Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1948 – Robert John "Mutt" Lange, British-South African record producer and songwriter
  • 1949Ismail Petra of Kelantan, former Sultan of Kelantan (d. 2019)
  • 1949 – Kathy Postlewait, American golfer
  • 1950Mircea Dinescu, Romanian journalist and poet
  • 1950 – Jim Peterik, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951Kim Peek, American megasavant (d. 2009)
  • 1951 – Marc Summers, American television host and producer
  • 1951 – Fuzzy Zoeller, American golfer
  • 1953Marshall Crenshaw, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Andy Partridge, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer
  • 1954Steve Brain, English rugby player
  • 1954 – Mary Gaitskill, American novelist, essayist, and short story writer.
  • 1954 – Roger Slifer, American author, illustrator, screenwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1955Dave Alvin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Jigme Singye Wangchuk, King of Bhutan
  • 1955 – Teri York, Canadian diver[9]
  • 1956Ian Craig Marsh, English guitarist
  • 1956 – Talat Aziz, Ghazal singer
  • 1958Luz Casal, Spanish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1958 – Kazimieras Černis, Lithuanian astronomer and astrophysicist
  • 1958 – Carlos Lacámara, Cuban-American actor and playwright
  • 1958 – Kathy Lette, Australian-English author
  • 1959Lee Haney, American bodybuilder
  • 1959 – Richard Rowe, English jockey and trainer
  • 1959 – Christian Schwarzenegger, Swiss criminologist and academic
  • 1959 – Carl Williams, American boxer (d. 2013)
  • 1960Colin Harvey, English author and critic (d. 2011)
  • 1960 – Chuck Hernandez, American baseball player and coach
  • 1960 – Paquito Ochoa, Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 37th Executive Secretary of the Philippines
  • 1960 – Cristina Odone, Kenyan-Italian journalist and author
  • 1960 – Peter Parros, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and director
  • 1961Yuri Milner, Russian-born entrepreneur, venture capitalist and physicist
  • 1962Mario Fenech, Maltese-Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Georgios Mitsibonas, Greek footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1962 – Demi Moore, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1962 – James Morrison, Australian trumpet player and composer
  • 1963Billy Gunn, American wrestler and actor
  • 1964Margarete Bagshaw, American painter and potter (d. 2015)
  • 1964 – Calista Flockhart, American actress
  • 1964 – Philip McKeon, American actor (d. 2019)
  • 1965Max Mutchnick, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1965 – Kim Stockwood, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1966Benedicta Boccoli, Italian model and actress
  • 1966 – Vince Colosimo, Australian actor
  • 1966 – Alison Doody, Irish model and actress
  • 1967Gil de Ferran, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1967 – David Doak, Northern Irish video game designer
  • 1967 – Frank John Hughes, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968David L. Cook, American singer-songwriter and comedian
  • 1968 – Diego Fuser, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1971David DeLuise, American actor and director
  • 1971 – Tomas Pačėsas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach
  • 1972Adam Beach, Canadian actor
  • 1973Jason White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974Jon B., American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor and producer[10]
  • 1974 – Static Major, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1974 – Wajahatullah Wasti, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1975Daisuke Ohata, Japanese rugby player
  • 1976Jason Grilli, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jesse F. Keeler, Canadian bass player
  • 1977Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1977 – Jill Vedder, American philanthropist, activist and fashion model[11]
  • 1977 – Maniche, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Marsha Mehran, Iranian-American author (d. 2014)
  • 1978Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1980Willie Parker, American football player and coach
  • 1980 – Edmoore Takaendesa, Zimbabwean-German rugby player
  • 1982Gonzalo Canale, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1982 – Jeremy Williams, English model, actor, and poet
  • 1983Arouna Koné, Ivorian footballer
  • 1983 – Philipp Lahm, German footballer
  • 1983 – Tatsuhisa Suzuki, Japanese voice actor and singer
  • 1984Stephen Hunt, English footballer
  • 1984 – Birkir Már Sævarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1985Osvaldo Alonso, Cuban footballer
  • 1985 – Austin Collie, American football player
  • 1985 – Tiidrek Nurme, Estonian runner
  • 1985 – Jessica Sierra, American singer
  • 1985 – Robin Uthappa, Indian cricketer
  • 1986François Trinh-Duc, French rugby player
  • 1986 – Jon Batiste, American singer and pianist
  • 1986 – Mark Sanchez, American football player
  • 1986 – Victor Cruz, American football player
  • 1987Vinny Guadagnino, American actor
  • 1987 – Chanelle Hayes, English model and singer
  • 1988David Depetris, Argentinian-Slovak footballer
  • 1988 – Mikako Komatsu, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1988 – Kyle Naughton, English footballer
  • 1989Nick Blackman, English-Israeli footballer[12]
  • 1989 – Adam Rippon, American figure skater
  • 1989 – Reina Tanaka, Japanese singer
  • 1989 – Lewis Williamson, Scottish race car driver
  • 1990James Segeyaro, Papua New Guinean rugby league player[13]
  • 1990 – Tom Dumoulin, Dutch road bicycle racer[14]
  • 1990 – Georginio Wijnaldum, Dutch footballer[15]
  • 1992Sofía Luini, Argentine tennis player[16]
  • 1993Jamaal Lascelles, English footballer[17]
  • 1994Ellie Simmonds, English swimmer[18]
  • 1994 – Sanju Samson, Indian cricketer[19]
  • 1995Josh Aloiai, New Zealand rugby league player[20]

Deaths

  • 405Arsacius of Tarsus, Tarsian archbishop (b. 324)
  • 683Yazid I, Muslim caliph (b. 647)
  • 865Petronas, Byzantine general
  • 865 – Antony the Younger, Byzantine monk and saint (b. 785)
  • 875Teutberga, queen of Lotharingia
  • 1028Constantine VIII, Byzantine emperor (b. 960)
  • 1078Udo of Nellenburg, Archbishop of Trier (during the siege of Tübingen)
  • 1089 – Saint Peter Igneus, Italian Benedictine monk
  • 1130Teresa of León, Countess of Portugal, Portuguese regent (b. 1080)
  • 1189 – King William II of Sicily ("the Good") (b. 1153)
  • 1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1331Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia (b. c. 1285)
  • 1561Hans Tausen, Danish reformer (b. 1494)
  • 1583Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, Irish rebel
  • 1623Philippe de Mornay, French theorist and author (b. 1549)
  • 1638Cornelis van Haarlem, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1562)
  • 1724Joseph Blake, English criminal (b. 1700)
  • 1812Platon Levshin, Russian metropolitan (b. 1737)
  • 1831Nat Turner, American slave and rebel leader (b. 1800)
  • 1855Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1813)
  • 1861Pedro V of Portugal (b. 1837)
  • 1862James Madison Porter, American lawyer and politician, 18th United States Secretary of War (b. 1793)
  • 1880Ned Kelly, Australian criminal (b. 1855)
  • 1880 – Lucretia Mott, American activist (b. 1793)
  • 1884Alfred Brehm, German zoologist, author, and illustrator (b. 1827)
  • 1887Haymarket affair defendants:
  • 1887 – George Engel, German-American businessman and activist (b. 1836)
  • 1887 – Adolph Fischer, German-American printer and activist (b. 1858)
  • 1887 – Albert Parsons, American journalist and activist (b. 1848)
  • 1887 – August Spies, American journalist and activist (b. 1855)
  • 1917Liliuokalani of Hawaii (b. 1838)
  • 1918George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier (b. 1892)
  • 1919Pavel Chistyakov, Russian painter and educator (b. 1832)
  • 1921Léon Moreaux, French target shooter (b. 1852)
  • 1931Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese businessman (b. 1840)
  • 1939Bob Marshall, American author and activist (b. 1901)
  • 1940Muhittin Akyüz, Turkish general and diplomat (b. 1870)
  • 1944Munir Ertegun, Turkish diplomat (b. 1883)
  • 1945Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
  • 1949Loukas Kanakaris-Roufos, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Foreign Minister (b. 1878)
  • 1950Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker and politician, 145th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1875)
  • 1953Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1866)
  • 1961Behiç Erkin, Turkish colonel and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1876)
  • 1962Joseph Ruddy, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1878)
  • 1965Luis Arturo González López Guatemalan supreme court judge and briefly acting president (b. 1900)
  • 1972Berry Oakley, American bass player (b. 1948)
  • 1973Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Richard von Frankenberg, German race car driver and journalist (b. 1922)
  • 1974Alfonso Leng, Chilean dentist, composer, and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1976Alexander Calder, American sculptor (b. 1898)
  • 1977Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and activist (b. 1950)
  • 1979Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-American composer and conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1980Vince Gair, Australian politician, 27th Premier of Queensland (b. 1901)
  • 1984Martin Luther King, Sr., American pastor, missionary, and activist (b. 1899)
  • 1985Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1959)
  • 1985 – Arthur Rothstein, American photographer and educator (b. 1915)
  • 1988Charles Groves Wright Anderson, South African-Australian colonel and politician (b. 1897)
  • 1988 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (b. 1900)
  • 1990Attilio Demaría, Argentinian footballer (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Sadi Irmak, Turkish physician and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor and director (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and playwright (b. 1909)
  • 1993Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – John Stanley, American author and illustrator (b. 1914)
  • 1994John A. Volpe, American soldier and politician, 61st Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist, historian, and publicist (b. 1922)
  • 1997Rod Milburn, American hurdler and coach (b. 1950)
  • 1997 – William Alland, American film producer and writer (b. 1916)
  • 1998Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player and soldier (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Paddy Clancy, Irish singer and actor (b. 1922)
  • 1999Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (b. 1961)
  • 1999 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentinian journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2000Sandra Schmitt, German skier (b. 1981)
  • 2001Erna Viitol, Estonian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Frances Ames, South African neurologist, psychiatrist, and human rights activist (b. 1920)
  • 2003Miquel Martí i Pol, Catalan poet (b. 1929)
  • 2004Dayton Allen, American comedian and voice actor (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Yasser Arafat, Palestinian engineer and politician, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Richard Dembo, French director and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2005Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American director and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Patrick Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield, English photographer (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Peter Drucker, Austrian-American author, theorist, and educator (b. 1909)
  • 2006Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (b. 1974)
  • 2007Delbert Mann, American director and producer (b. 1920)
  • 2008Herb Score, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Mustafa Şekip Birgöl, Turkish colonel (b. 1903)
  • 2010Marie Osborne Yeats, American actress and costume designer (b. 1911)
  • 2011Francisco Blake Mora, Mexican lawyer and politician, Mexican Secretary of the Interior (b. 1966)
  • 2012Lam Adesina, Nigerian educator and politician, Governor of Oyo State (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Joe Egan, English rugby player and coach (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Rex Hunt, English lieutenant, pilot, and diplomat, Governor of the Falkland Islands (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Victor Mees, Belgian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Harry Wayland Randall, American photographer (b. 1915)
  • 2013John Barnhill, American basketball player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Domenico Bartolucci, Italian cardinal and composer (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Bob Beckham, American singer-songwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – John S. Dunne, American priest and theologian (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Atilla Karaosmanoğlu, Turkish economist and politician, 33rd Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1931)
  • 2014John Doar, American lawyer and activist (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Big Bank Hank, American rapper (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – Philip G. Hodge, American engineer and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Harry Lonsdale, American chemist, businessman, and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Carol Ann Susi, American actress (b. 1952)
  • 2015Rita Gross, American theologian and author (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Nathaniel Marston, American actor and producer (b. 1975)
  • 2016Victor Bailey, American singer and bass player (b. 1960)
  • 2016 – Robert Vaughn, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2017Chiquito de la Calzada, Spanish singer, actor and comedian (b. 1932)

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Bhutan)
  • Children's Day (Croatia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bartholomew of Grottaferrata
    • Martin of Tours (Roman Catholic Church), and its related observances.
    • Menas
    • Mercurius (Coptic)
    • Søren Kierkegaard (Lutheran Church)
    • Theodore the Studite
    • November 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • End of World War I-related observances:
    • Armistice Day (New Zealand, France, Belgium and Serbia)
    • National Independence Day (Poland), commemorates the anniversary of Poland's assumption of independent statehood in 1918
    • Remembrance Day (United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia and Canada)
    • Veterans Day, called Armistice Day until 1954, when it was rededicated to honor American military (Army, Navy, Marine, and Air Force) veterans. (United States)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Angola from Portugal in 1975.
  • Independence of Cartagena (Colombia)
  • Lāčplēsis Day, celebrates the victory over the Bermontians at the Battle of Riga in 1919. (Latvia)
  • Opening of carnival ("Karneval"/"Fasching"), on 11-11, at 11:11. (Germany, the Netherlands, and other countries)
  • National Education Day (India)
  • Pepero Day (South Korea)
  • Pocky & Pretz Day (Japan)
  • Republic Day (Maldives)
  • Singles Day (China)
  • St. Martin's Day (Sint Maarten, Kingdom of the Netherlands)
  • Women's Day (Belgium)

References

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  19. http://www.espncricinfo.com/india/content/player/425943.html
  20. https://www.nrl.com/players/nrl-premiership/wests-tigers/josh-aloiai/

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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