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2021

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  2011 (Tuesday)

November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 60 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 365 – The Alemanni cross the Rhine and invade Gaul. Emperor Valentinian I moves to Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities.
  • 996 – Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).
  • 1141Empress Matilda's reign as 'Lady of the English' ends with Stephen of Blois regaining the title of King of England.
  • 1179Philip II is crowned King of France.
  • 1214 – The port city of Sinope surrenders to the Seljuq Turks.
  • 1348 – The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro on the pretext that they are serfs of the King of Valencia and thus "royalists".
  • 1503Pope Julius II is elected.
  • 1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
  • 1520 – The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage.
  • 1555 – French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony in present-day Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 1570 – The All Saints' Flood devastates the Dutch coast.
  • 1604William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1611 – Shakespeare's play The Tempest is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1612 – During the Time of Troubles, Polish troops are expelled from Moscow's Kitay-gorod by Russian troops under the command of Dmitry Pozharsky (22 October O.S.) .
  • 1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • 1688William III of Orange sets out a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to seize the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland from King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1755 – In Portugal, Lisbon is totally devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between 60,000 and 90,000 people.
  • 1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
  • 1790Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
  • 1800John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
  • 1805Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.
  • 1814Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
  • 1861American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing General Winfield Scott.
  • 1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
  • 1884 – The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
  • 1894Nicholas II becomes the new (and last) Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
  • 1894 – Thomas Edison films American sharpshooter Annie Oakley, which is instrumental in her hiring by Buffalo Bill for his Wild West Show.
  • 1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
  • 1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol.
  • 1901Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity, is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1914 – World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of Template:HMS and Template:HMS.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) departed by ship in a single convoy from Albany, Western Australia bound for Egypt.
  • 1916Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the government of Boris Stürmer.
  • 1918Malbone Street Wreck: The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths.
  • 1918 – Western Ukraine gains independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • 1922Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate: The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
  • 1928 – The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey.
  • 1937Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community.
  • 1938Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing.
  • 1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
  • 1942World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory.
  • 1943 – World War II: In the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
  • 1943 – World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
  • 1944 – World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1944 – World War II: A United States Army Air Forces F-13 Superfortress conducted the first flight by an Allied aircraft over the Tokyo region of Japan since the 1942 Doolittle Raid.
  • 1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
  • 1948 – 6,000 people die when a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks off southern Manchuria.
  • 1948 – Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is enthroned.
  • 1950Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII claims papal infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
  • 1951Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.
  • 1952 – The United States successfully detonates Ivy Mike, the first thermonuclear device, at the Eniwetok atoll. The explosion had a yield of ten megatons TNT equivalent.
  • 1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
  • 1955 – The Vietnam War begins.
  • 1955 – The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs near Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and five crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner.
  • 1956 – The Indian states Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Mysore are formally created under the States Reorganisation Act; Kanyakumari district is joined to Tamil Nadu from Kerala.
  • 1956 – The Springhill mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia kills 39 miners; 88 are rescued.
  • 1957 – The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas.
  • 1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
  • 1963 – The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
  • 1963 – The 1963 South Vietnamese coup begins
  • 1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America's film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X.
  • 1970Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 146 young people.
  • 1973Watergate scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
  • 1973 – The Indian state of Mysore is renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu.
  • 1979 – In Bolivia, Colonel Alberto Natusch executes a bloody coup d'état against the constitutional government of Wálter Guevara.
  • 1981Antigua and Barbuda gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1982Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of its factory in Marysville, Ohio; a Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
  • 1984 – After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India on 31 October 1984, by two of her Sikh bodyguards, anti-Sikh riots erupts.
  • 1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
  • 2000 – The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations.
  • 2012 – A fuel tank truck crashes and explodes in the Saudi Arabian capital Riyadh, killing 26 people and injuring 135.

Births

  • 846Louis the Stammerer, Frankish king (d. 879)
  • 1339Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1365)
  • 1351Leopold III, Duke of Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1530Étienne de La Boétie, French philosopher and judge (d. 1563)
  • 1539Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
  • 1549Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1567Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (d. 1626)
  • 1585Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1607Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator (d. 1658)
  • 1611François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-French commander (d. 1656)
  • 1625Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop and saint (d. 1681)
  • 1636Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
  • 1643John Strype, English priest, historian, and author (d. 1737)
  • 1661Florent Carton Dancourt, French actor and playwright (d. 1725)
  • 1666James Sherard, English botanist and curator (d. 1738)
  • 1720Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
  • 1727Ivan Shuvalov, Russian art collector and philanthropist (d. 1797)
  • 1757Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor and educator (d. 1822)
  • 1762Spencer Perceval, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
  • 1769Garlieb Merkel, German author and activist (d. 1850)
  • 1778Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1782F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1859)
  • 1808John Taylor, English-American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1887)
  • 1831Harry Atkinson, English-New Zealand politician, 10th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1892)
  • 183811th Dalai Lama (d. 1856)
  • 1839Ahmed Muhtar Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 227th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1847Emma Albani, Canadian-English soprano and actress (d. 1930)
  • 1847 – Hiệp Hòa, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1883)
  • 1849William Merritt Chase, American painter and educator (d. 1916)
  • 1859Charles Brantley Aycock, American educator, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • 1862Johan Wagenaar, Dutch organist and composer (d. 1941)
  • 1864Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1918)
  • 1871Stephen Crane, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1900)
  • 1872Louis Dewis, Belgian-French painter (d. 1946)
  • 1877Roger Quilter, English composer (d. 1953)
  • 1878Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter and educator (d. 1925)
  • 1878 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentinian academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1880Sholem Asch, Polish-American author and playwright (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Grantland Rice, American journalist and poet (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)
  • 1881Perikles Ioannidis, Greek admiral (d. 1965)
  • 1886Hermann Broch, Austrian-American author and poet (d. 1951)
  • 1886 – Sakutarō Hagiwara, Japanese poet and critic (d. 1942)
  • 1887L.S. Lowry, English painter and illustrator (d. 1976)
  • 1888George Kenner, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Michał Sopoćko, Polish cleric and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1889Hannah Höch, German painter and photographer (d. 1978)
  • 1889 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1896Edmund Blunden, English author, poet, and critic (d. 1974)
  • 1898Arthur Legat, Belgian race car driver (d. 1960)
  • 1898 – Sippie Wallace, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1986)
  • 1902Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian journalist, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1943)
  • 1902 – Eugen Jochum, German conductor (d. 1987)
  • 1903Max Adrian, Irish-born British actor (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Edward Greeves, Jr., Australian footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1904Laura LaPlante, American silent film actress (d. 1996)
  • 1905Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian-French painter and educator (d. 1960)
  • 1906Johnny Indrisano, American boxer (d. 1968)
  • 1907Maxie Rosenbloom, American boxer (d. 1976)
  • 1911Mingun Sayadaw, Burmese monk and scholar (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Henri Troyat, French historian and author (d. 2007)
  • 1912Gunther Plaut, German-Canadian rabbi and author (d. 2012)
  • 1914Moshe Teitelbaum, Romanian-American rabbi (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American painter, poet, and educator, co-founded the DuSable Museum of African American History (d. 2010)
  • 1917Siegfried Jamrowski, Russian-German soldier and pilot (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Clarence E. Miller, American engineer and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1918Ken Miles, English-American race car driver (d. 1966)
  • 1919Hermann Bondi, English-Austrian mathematician and cosmologist (d. 2005)
  • 1920James J. Kilpatrick, American journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1921John W. Peterson, American pilot and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Harald Quandt, German businessman (d. 1967)
  • 1922George S. Irving, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1923Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American author (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Menachem Elon, German-Israeli academic and jurist (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Carlos Páez Vilaró, Uruguayan painter and sculptor (d. 2014)
  • 1924Süleyman Demirel, Turkish engineer and politician, 9th President of Turkey (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Jean-Luc Pépin, Canadian academic and politician, 19th Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1995)
  • 1926Stephen Antonakos, Greek-American sculptor (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Betsy Palmer, American actress and game show panelist (d. 2015)
  • 1927Vic Power, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1928James Bradford, American weightlifter (d. 2013)
  • 1929Nicholas Mavroules, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1930A. R. Gurney, American playwright and author
  • 1930 – Russ Kemmerer, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1931Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestler and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1931 – Shunsuke Kikuchi, Japanese composer
  • 1931 – Arne Pedersen, Norwegian footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1932Al Arbour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Francis Arinze, Nigerian cardinal
  • 1933Antoine Kohn, Luxembourgian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1934Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-Italian businessman and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Gillian Knight, English soprano and actress
  • 1934 – William Mathias, Welsh pianist and composer (d. 1992)
  • 1935Gary Player, South African golfer and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1936Eddie Colman, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1936 – Katsuhisa Hattori, Japanese composer and conductor
  • 1936 – Shizuka Kamei, Japanese lawyer and politician
  • 1937Bill Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Roger Kellaway, American pianist and composer
  • 1940Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Indian lawyer and jurist, 35th Chief Justice of India
  • 1940 – Bruce Grocott, Baron Grocott, English academic and politician
  • 1940 – Barry Sadler, American sergeant, author, actor, and singer-songwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1941Alfio Basile, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1941 – Robert Foxworth, American actor and director
  • 1941 – John Pullin, English rugby player
  • 1942Larry Flynt, American publisher, founded Larry Flynt Publications
  • 1942 – Ralph Klein, Canadian journalist and politician, 12th Premier of Alberta (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress and comedian (d. 2013)
  • 1943Salvatore Adamo, Italian-Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1943 – Jacques Attali, French economist and civil servant
  • 1944Kinky Friedman, American singer-songwriter and author
  • 1944 – Bobby Heenan, American wrestler, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1944 – Oscar Temaru, French-Polynesian soldier and politician, President of French Polynesia
  • 1944 – Rafic Hariri, Lebanese businessman and politician 60th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2005)
  • 1945Narendra Dabholkar, Indian author and activist, founded Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – John Williamson, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1946Yuko Shimizu, Japanese graphic designer, created Hello Kitty
  • 1947Nick Owen, English journalist
  • 1947 – Jim Steinman, American songwriter and producer
  • 1948Phil Myre, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1948 – Amani Abeid Karume, Zanzibar accountant and politician, 6th President of Zanzibar
  • 1948 – Bill Woodrow, English sculptor and academic
  • 1949David Foster, Canadian singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1949 – Michael D. Griffin, American physicist and engineer
  • 1949 – Belita Moreno, American actress and acting coach
  • 1950Mitch Kapor, American computer programmer and businessman, founded Lotus Software and Electronic Frontier Foundation
  • 1950 – Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1951Ronald Bell, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer
  • 1951 – Fabrice Luchini, French actor and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Craig Serjeant, Australian cricketer and chemist
  • 1953Jan Davis, American engineer and astronaut
  • 1953 – Paul Wellings, English ecologist and academic
  • 1955Beth Leavel, American actress and singer
  • 1955 – Mike Mendoza, English radio host and politician
  • 1957Lyle Lovett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1957 – Murray Pierce, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1958Mark Austin, English journalist
  • 1958 – Joe DeRenzo, American drummer, composer, and producer
  • 1958 – Robert Hart, English singer-songwriter
  • 1959Susanna Clarke, English author and educator
  • 1960Tim Cook, American businessman and engineer, current CEO of Apple Inc.
  • 1960 – Fernando Valenzuela, Mexican baseball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1961Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish author and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Nicky Grist, Welsh race car driver
  • 1961 – Calvin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Heng Swee Keat, Singaporean politician
  • 1962Magne Furuholmen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Anthony Kiedis, American singer-songwriter
  • 1963Nita Ambani, Indian businesswoman
  • 1963 – Mark Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Big Kenny, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965Patrik Ringborg, Swedish conductor
  • 1966Gary Howell, American businessman and politician
  • 1966 – Jeremy Hunt, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Health
  • 1967Tina Arena, Australian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1967 – Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer
  • 1969Tie Domi, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1970Sherwin Campbell, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1972Toni Collette, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Paul Dickov, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model
  • 1973Geoff Horsfield, English footballer and manager
  • 1974V. V. S. Laxman, Indian cricketer
  • 1975Keryn Jordan, South African footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1975 – Megan Wing, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1976Sergei Artyukhin, Russian-Belarusian wrestler (d. 2012)
  • 1979Milan Dudić, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Alex Prager, American photographer and director
  • 1980Bilgin Defterli, Turkish footballer
  • 1982Bradley Orr, English footballer
  • 1982 – Warren Spragg, English-Italian rugby player
  • 1983Matt Moulson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Yuko Ogura, Japanese model and singer
  • 1983 – Josh Wicks, American soccer player
  • 1983 – Jon Wilkin, English rugby player
  • 1984Miloš Krasić, Serbian footballer
  • 1986Penn Badgley, American actor and television personality
  • 1986 – Ksenija Balta, Estonian high jumper, sprinter, and heptathlete
  • 1988Masahiro Tanaka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1991Eyþór Arnarson, Icelandic skier
  • 1991 – Reece Brown, English footballer
  • 1991 – Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast
  • 1995Margarita Mamun, Russian gymnast

Deaths

  • 955Henry I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 919)
  • 1296Guillaume Durand, French bishop and theologian (b. 1230)
  • 1319Uguccione della Faggiuola, Italian condottieri (b. c. 1250)
  • 1324John de Halton, Bishop of Carlisle
  • 1391Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy (b. 1360)
  • 1399John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
  • 1461David of Trebizond (b. 1408)
  • 1546Giulio Romano, Italian painter and architect (b. 1499)
  • 1588Jean Daurat, French poet and scholar (b. 1508)
  • 1596Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
  • 1642Jean Nicolet, French-Canadian explorer (b. 1598)
  • 1676Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1589)
  • 1678William Coddington, American judge and politician, 1st Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • 1700Charles II of Spain (b. 1661)
  • 1814Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and politician, Russian Minister of Justice (b. 1744)
  • 1888Nikolay Przhevalsky, Russian geographer and explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1894Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845)
  • 1903Theodor Mommsen, German archaeologist, journalist, and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • 1907Alfred Jarry, French author and playwright (b. 1873)
  • 1938Charles Weeghman, American businessman (b. 1874)
  • 1942Hugo Distler, German organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1952Dixie Lee, American singer (b. 1911)
  • 1955Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (b. 1888)
  • 1958Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, Turkish poet, author, and diplomat (b. 1884)
  • 1962Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican race car driver (b. 1942)
  • 1968Georgios Papandreou, Greek economist and politician, 134th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1888)
  • 1970Robert Staughton Lynd, American sociologist and academic (b. 1892)
  • 1972Waldemar Hammenhög, Swedish author (b. 1902)
  • 1972 – Robert MacArthur, Canadian-American ecologist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1972 – Ezra Pound, American poet and critic (b. 1885)
  • 1982James Broderick, American actor and director (b. 1927)
  • 1982 – King Vidor, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1983Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch-Swiss musicologist and author (b. 1887)
  • 1984Norman Krasna, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1985Arnold Pihlak, Estonian-English footballer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1986Serge Garant, Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 1987René Lévesque, Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)
  • 1993Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian and scholar (b. 1911)
  • 1994Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1996J. R. Jayewardene, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (b. 1906)
  • 1999Theodore Hall, American physicist and spy (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Walter Payton, American football player and race car driver (b. 1954)
  • 2000George Armstrong, English footballer and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2001John S. Romanides, Greek priest, author, and educator (b. 1928)
  • 2002Ekrem Akurgal, Turkish archaeologist and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2004Mac Dre, American rapper and producer, founded Thizz Entertainment (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Terry Knight, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2005Skitch Henderson, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2006Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – William Styron, American novelist and essayist (b. 1925)
  • 2007S. Ali Raza, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Paul Tibbets, American general (b. 1915)
  • 2008Jacques Piccard, Swiss oceanographer and engineer (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Shakir Stewart, American record producer (b. 1974)
  • 2008 – Yma Sumac, Peruvian-American soprano and actress (b. 1922/1923)
  • 2009Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – Endel Laas, Estonian scientist and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2009 – Robert H. Rines, American violinist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2010Ernesto Presas, Filipino martial artist, founded Kombatan (b. 1945)
  • 2010 – Diana Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington (b. 1922)
  • 2011Cahit Aral, Turkish engineer and politician, Turkish Minister of Industry and Commerce (b. 1927)
  • 2012Agustín García Calvo, Spanish poet, playwright, and philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Pascual Pérez, Dominican baseball player (b. 1957)
  • 2013John Y. McCollister, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Piet Rietveld, Dutch economist and academic (b. 1952)
  • 2014Joel Barnett, Baron Barnett, English accountant and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Jackie Fairweather, Australian runner and coach (b. 1967)
  • 2014 – Abednigo Ngcobo, South African footballer (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Jean-Pierre Roy, Canadian-American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Wayne Static, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1965)
  • 2015Thomas R. Fitzgerald, American lawyer and judge (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Houston McTear, American sprinter (b. 1957)
  • 2015 – Charles Duncan Michener, American entomologist and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Günter Schabowski, German journalist and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Fred Thompson, American actor, lawyer, and politician (b. 1942)

Holidays and observances

  • All Saints' Day a holy day of obligation (a national holiday in many historically Catholic countries), and its related observance:
    • Day of the Innocents, The first day of Day of the Dead or El Dia de los Muertos celebration. (Mexico, Haiti)
  • Anniversary of the Revolution (Algeria)
  • Chavang Kut (Mizo people of Northeast India, Bangladesh, Burma)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Austromoine
    • Benignus of Dijon
    • Caesarius of Africa
    • Santa Muerte (Folk Catholicism, Mexico and Southwestern United States)
    • November 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Coronation of the fifth Druk Gyalpo (Bhutan)
  • Earliest day on which Arbor Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Friday in November. (Samoa)
  • Earliest day on which Children's Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (South Africa)
  • Earliest day on which Health Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which National Bison Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (United States)
  • Haryana Foundation Day (Haryana, India)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Antigua and Barbuda from the United Kingdom in 1981.
  • Karnataka Rajyotsava (Karnataka, India)
  • Kerala Foundation Day (Kerala, India)
  • Liberty Day (United States Virgin Islands)
  • International Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Awareness Day
  • National Brush Day (United States)
  • National Awakening Day (Bulgaria)
  • Self-Defense Forces Commemoration Day (Japan)
  • The first day of winter observances:
    • Calan Gaeaf, celebrations start at sunset of October 31. (Wales)
    • Samhain in the Northern Hemisphere and Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere, celebrations start at sunset of October 31 (Neopagan Wheel of the Year)
  • World Vegan Day

External links

Template:NYT On this day


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