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Events

  • 363 – The Roman emperor Julian defeats the Sasanian army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sasanian capital, but is unable to take the city.
  • 1108Battle of Uclés: Almoravid troops under the command of Tamim ibn Yusuf defeat a Castile and León alliance under the command of Prince Sancho Alfónsez.
  • 1167Battle of Monte Porzio: A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel.
  • 1176Battle of Legnano: The Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick I.
  • 1328Philip VI is crowned King of France.
  • 1416Battle of Gallipoli: The Venetians under Pietro Loredan defeat a much larger Ottoman fleet off Gallipoli.[1][2]
  • 1453Fall of Constantinople: Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih capture Constantinople after a 53-day siege, ending the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1658Battle of Samugarh: decisive battle in the struggle for the throne during the Mughal war of succession (1658–1659).
  • 1660English Restoration: Charles II is restored to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
  • 1733 – The right of settlers in New France to enslave natives is upheld at Quebec City.
  • 1780American Revolutionary War: At the Battle of Waxhaws, the British continue attacking after the Continentals lay down their arms, killing 113 and critically wounding all but 53 that remained.
  • 1790Rhode Island becomes the last of North America's original Thirteen Colonies to ratify the Constitution and become one of the United States.[3]
  • 1798United Irishmen Rebellion: Between 300 and 500 United Irishmen are executed as rebels by the British Army in County Kildare, Ireland.
  • 1807Mustafa IV became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
  • 1848Wisconsin is admitted as the 30th U.S. state.
  • 1852Jenny Lind leaves New York after her two-year American tour.
  • 1861 – The Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce is founded, in Hong Kong.
  • 1864Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico arrives in Mexico for the first time.
  • 1867 – The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 ("the Compromise") is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1868Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia is assassinated.
  • 1886 – The pharmacist John Pemberton places his first advertisement for Coca-Cola, which appeared in The Atlanta Journal.
  • 1900N'Djamena is founded as Fort-Lamy by the French commander Émile Gentil.
  • 1903 – In the May Coup, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • 1913Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring receives its premiere performance in Paris, France, provoking a riot.
  • 1914 – The Ocean liner Template:RMS sinks in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence with the loss of 1,012 lives.
  • 1918Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarabad.
  • 1919Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity is tested (later confirmed) by Arthur Eddington and Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin
  • 1920 – The Louth flood of 1920 was a severe flash flooding in the Lincolnshire market town of Louth which occurred 29 May 1920, resulting in 23 fatalities in 20 minutes. It has been described as one of the most significant flood disasters in Britain during the 20th century.[4]
  • 1931Michele Schirru, a citizen of the United States, is executed by Italian military firing squad for intent to kill Benito Mussolini.
  • 1932World War I veterans begin to assemble in Washington, D.C., in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aeroplane.
  • 1945 – First combat mission of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber.
  • 1948United Nations Truce Supervision Organization is founded.
  • 1950 – The St. Roch, the first ship to circumnavigate North America, arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • 1953Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay's (adopted) 39th birthday.
  • 1964 – The Arab League meets in East Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian question, leading to the formation of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
  • 1973Tom Bradley is elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1982Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit Canterbury Cathedral.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
  • 1985Heysel Stadium disaster: Thirty-nine association football fans die and hundreds are injured when a dilapidated retaining wall collapses.
  • 1985 – Amputee Steve Fonyo completes cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia, after 14 months.
  • 1988 – The U.S. President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union when he arrives in Moscow for a superpower summit with the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • 1989 – Signing of an agreement between Egypt and the United States, allowing the manufacture of parts of the F-16 jet fighter plane in Egypt.
  • 1990 – The Russian parliament elects Boris Yeltsin as president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1993 – The Miss Sarajevo beauty pageant is held in war-torn Sarajevo drawing global attention to the plight of its citizens.
  • 1999Olusegun Obasanjo takes office as President of Nigeria, the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule.
  • 1999 – Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.
  • 2001 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the disabled golfer Casey Martin can use a cart to ride in tournaments.
  • 2004 – The National World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 2008 – A doublet earthquake, of combined magnitude 6.1, strikes Iceland near the town of Selfoss, injuring 30 people.
  • 2012 – A 5.8-magnitude earthquake hits northern Italy near Bologna, killing at least 24 people.
  • 2015 – One World Observatory at One World Trade Center opens.

Births

  • 1421Charles, Prince of Viana (d. 1461)
  • 1439Pope Pius III (d. 1503)
  • 1443Victor, Duke of Münsterberg, Reichsgraf, Duke of Münsterberg and Opava, Count of Glatz (d. 1500)
  • 1504Antun Vrančić, Croatian archbishop (d. 1573)
  • 1555George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes, English Earl, general and administrator (d. 1629)
  • 1568Virginia de' Medici, Italian princess (d. 1615)
  • 1594Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (d. 1632)
  • 1627Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French princess (d. 1693)
  • 1630Charles II of England (d. 1685)
  • 1675Humphry Ditton, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1715)
  • 1716Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French zoologist and mineralogist (d. 1800)
  • 1722James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish soldier and politician (d. 1773)
  • 1730Jackson of Exeter, English organist and composer (d. 1803)
  • 1736Patrick Henry, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of Virginia (d. 1799)
  • 1780Henri Braconnot, French chemist and pharmacist (d. 1855)
  • 1794Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer and selenographer (d. 1874)
  • 1797Louise-Adéone Drölling, French painter (d. 1836)
  • 1823John H. Balsley, American carpenter and inventor (d. 1895)
  • 1860Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist and composer (d. 1909)
  • 1871Clark Voorhees, American painter (d. 1933)
  • 1873Rudolf Tobias, Estonian organist and composer (d. 1918)
  • 1874G. K. Chesterton, English essayist, poet, and playwright (d. 1936)
  • 1880Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1892Alfonsina Storni, Swiss-Argentinian poet and author (d. 1938)
  • 1893Max Brand, American journalist and author (d. 1944)
  • 1894Beatrice Lillie, Canadian-English actress, singer and writer (d. 1989)
  • 1894 – Josef von Sternberg, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1897Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Czech-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1957)
  • 1899Douglas Abbott, Canadian lawyer and politician, 10th Canadian Minister of Defence (d. 1987)
  • 1902Harry Kadwell, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1999)
  • 1903Bob Hope, English-American actor, singer, and producer (d. 2003)[5]
  • 1904Hubert Opperman, Australian cyclist and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1905Sebastian Shaw, English actor, director, and playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1906T. H. White, Indian-English author (d. 1964)
  • 1907Hartland Molson, Canadian captain and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1908Diana Morgan, Welsh-English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1910Ralph Metcalfe, American sprinter and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1913Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
  • 1914Stacy Keach Sr., American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese-Indian mountaineer (d. 1986)
  • 1915Karl Münchinger, German conductor and composer (d. 1990)
  • 1917John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (d. 1963)
  • 1917 – Marcel Trudel, Canadian historian, author, and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1919Jacques Genest, Canadian physician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1920John Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Clifton James, American actor (d. 2017)
  • 1921Norman Hetherington, Australian cartoonist and puppeteer (d. 2010)
  • 1922Joe Weatherly, American race car driver (d. 1964)
  • 1922 – Iannis Xenakis, Greek-French composer, engineer, and theorist (d. 2001)
  • 1923Bernard Clavel, French author (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – John Parker, 6th Earl of Morley, English colonel and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Devon (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Eugene Wright, American jazz bassist
  • 1924Lars Bo, Danish author and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Miloslav Kříž, Czech basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Pepper Paire, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1926Katie Boyle, Italian-English actress and television host (d. 2018)
  • 1926 – Halaevalu Mataʻaho ʻAhomeʻe, Queen Consort of Tonga (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Abdoulaye Wade, Senegalese academic and politician, 3rd President of Senegal
  • 1927Jean Coutu, Canadian pharmacist and businessman, founded the Jean Coutu Group
  • 1929Harry Frankfurt, American philosopher and academic
  • 1929 – Peter Higgs, English-Scottish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – Roberto Vargas, Puerto Rican-American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1932Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author
  • 1932 – Richie Guerin, American basketball player and coach
  • 1933Helmuth Rilling, German conductor and educator
  • 1933 – Tarquinio Provini, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 2005)
  • 1934Bill Vander Zalm, Dutch-Canadian businessman and politician, 28th Premier of British Columbia
  • 1935André Brink, South African author and playwright (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Sylvia Robinson, American singer and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1937Charles W. Pickering, American lawyer and judge
  • 1937 – Irmin Schmidt, German keyboard player and composer
  • 1937 – Alwin Schockemöhle, German show-jumper
  • 1937 – Harry Statham, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938Christopher Bland, English businessman and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1938 – Fay Vincent, American lawyer and businessman
  • 1939Pete Smith, Australian radio and television announcer
  • 1939 – Al Unser, American race car driver
  • 1940Taihō Kōki, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 48th Yokozuna (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Farooq Leghari, Pakistani politician, 8th President of Pakistan (d. 2010)
  • 1941Doug Scott, English mountaineer and author
  • 1941 – Bob Simon, American journalist (d. 2015)
  • 1942Pierre Bourque, Canadian businessman and politician, 40th Mayor of Montreal
  • 1942 – Kevin Conway, American actor and director (d. 2020)
  • 1943Robert W. Edgar, American educator and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1944Bob Benmosche, American businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Quentin Davies, English soldier and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1945Gary Brooker, English singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1945 – Peter Fraser, Baron Fraser of Carmyllie, Scottish lawyer and politician, Solicitor General for Scotland (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Julian Le Grand, English economist and author
  • 1945 – Martin Pipe, English jockey and trainer
  • 1945 – Joyce Tenneson, American photographer
  • 1945 – Jean-Pierre Van Rossem, Belgian scholar and author (d. 2018)
  • 1946Fernando Buesa, Spanish politician (d. 2000)
  • 1947Anthony Geary, American actor
  • 1948Michael Berkeley, English composer and radio host
  • 1948 – Keith Gull, English microbiologist and academic
  • 1949Robert Axelrod, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1949 – Brian Kidd, English footballer and manager[6]
  • 1949 – Francis Rossi, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950Rebbie Jackson, American singer and actress
  • 1953Danny Elfman, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1954Robert Beaser, American composer and educator
  • 1954 – Jerry Moran, American lawyer and politician
  • 1955Frank Baumgartl, German runner (d. 2010)
  • 1955 – John Hinckley Jr., American attempted assassin of Ronald Reagan
  • 1955 – David Kirschner, American animator, producer, and author
  • 1955 – Gordon Rintoul, Scottish historian and curator
  • 1955 – Ken Schrader, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1956Mark Lyall Grant, English diplomat, British Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1956 – La Toya Jackson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1957Steven Croft, English bishop and theologian
  • 1957 – Jeb Hensarling, American lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Iranian film director
  • 1958Annette Bening, American actress
  • 1958 – Juliano Mer-Khamis, Israeli actor, director, and activist (d. 2011)
  • 1958 – Uwe Rapolder, German footballer and coach
  • 1958 – Mike Stenhouse, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1959Rupert Everett, English actor and novelist
  • 1959 – Mel Gaynor, English drummer
  • 1959 – Steve Hanley, Irish-English bass player and songwriter
  • 1960Thomas Baumer, Swiss economist and academic
  • 1960 – Mike Freer, English politician
  • 1961Melissa Etheridge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and activist
  • 1961 – John Miceli, American drummer
  • 1962Fandi Ahmad, Singaporean footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1962 – Eric Davis, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Carol Kirkwood, Scottish journalist
  • 1962 – Chloé Sainte-Marie, Canadian actress and singer
  • 1963Blaze Bayley, English singer-songwriter
  • 1963 – Zhu Jianhua, Chinese high jumper
  • 1963 – Ukyo Katayama, Japanese race car driver
  • 1963 – Claude Loiselle, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1964Howard Mills III, American academic and politician
  • 1964 – Oswaldo Negri Jr., Brazilian race car driver[7]
  • 1966Natalie Nougayrède, French journalist[8]
  • 1967Noel Gallagher, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Mike Keane, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1967 – Steven Levitt, American economist, author, and academic
  • 1968Torquhil Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1968 – Tate George, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Jessica Morden, English politician
  • 1968 – Hida Viloria, American activist[9]
  • 1970Natarsha Belling, Australian journalist
  • 1970 – Roberto Di Matteo, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1971Éric Lucas, Canadian boxer
  • 1971 – Bernd Mayländer, German race car driver
  • 1971 – Jo Beth Taylor, Australian television host and actress
  • 1971 – Rob Womack, English shot putter and discus thrower
  • 1972Laverne Cox, American actress and LGBT advocate[10]
  • 1972 – Bill Curley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972 – Simon Jones, English singer and bass player
  • 1973Tomoko Kaneda, Japanese voice actress, singer, and radio personality
  • 1973 – Mark Lee, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1973 – Alpay Özalan, Turkish footballer
  • 1974Steve Cardenas, American martial artist and retired actor
  • 1974 – Stephen Larkham, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1974 – Aaron McGruder, American author and cartoonist
  • 1974 – Myf Warhurst, Australian radio and television host
  • 1974 – Jenny Willott, English politician
  • 1975Jason Allison, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Mel B, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1975 – Sven Kubis, German footballer
  • 1975 – Sarah Millican, English comedian
  • 1975 – Anthony Wall, English golfer
  • 1975 – Daniel Tosh, American comedian, television host, actor, writer, and executive producer
  • 1976Caçapa, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Jerry Hairston Jr., American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Raef LaFrentz, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Yegor Titov, Russian footballer
  • 1977Massimo Ambrosini, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Marco Cassetti, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – António Lebo Lebo, Angolan footballer
  • 1978Pelle Almqvist, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Sébastien Grosjean, French tennis player
  • 1978 – Lorenzo Odone, Italian-American adrenoleukodystrophy patient who inspired the 1992 film, Lorenzo's Oil (d. 2008)
  • 1978 – Adam Rickitt, English singer
  • 1979Arne Friedrich, German footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Kendrick, American wrestler
  • 1979 – John Rheinecker, American baseball player (d. 2017)
  • 1980Ernesto Farías, Argentinian footballer
  • 1981Andrey Arshavin, Russian footballer
  • 1982Nataliya Dobrynska, Ukrainian heptathlete
  • 1982 – Matt Macri, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Kim Tae-kyun, South Korean baseball player
  • 1984Carmelo Anthony, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Nia Jax, Australian-American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Funmi Jimoh, American long jumper
  • 1984 – Andreas Schäffer, German footballer
  • 1984 – Ina Wroldsen, Norwegian singer and songwriter
  • 1985Nathan Horton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987Lina Andrijauskaitė, Lithuanian long jumper
  • 1987 – Issac Luke, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1987 – Kelvin Maynard, Dutch footballer (d. 2019)
  • 1987 – Noah Reid, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1987 – Rui Sampaio, Portuguese footballer
  • 1988Muath Al-Kasasbeh, Jordanian captain and pilot (d. 2015)
  • 1988 – Cheng Fei, Chinese gymnast
  • 1988 – Steve Mason, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989Ezekiel Ansah, Ghanaian-American football player
  • 1989 – Diego Barisone, Argentinian footballer (d. 2015)
  • 1989 – Riley Keough, American model and actress
  • 1990Joe Biagini, American baseball pitcher
  • 1992Sarah Moundir, Swiss tennis player
  • 1993Jana Čepelová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1993 – Maika Monroe, American actress and kiteboarder
  • 1993 – Grete Šadeiko, Estonian heptathlete
  • 1998Markelle Fultz, American basketball player
  • 1999Park Ji-hoon, South Korean singer and actor

Deaths

  • 931Jimeno Garcés of Pamplona
  • 1040Renauld I, Count of Nevers
  • 1259Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)
  • 1311James II of Majorca (b. 1243)
  • 1320Pope John VIII of Alexandria, Coptic pope
  • 1327Jens Grand, Danish archbishop (b. c. 1260)
  • 1379Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1405Philippe de Mézières, French soldier and author (b. 1327)
  • 1425Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)
  • 1453Ulubatlı Hasan, Ottoman commander (b. 1428)
  • 1453 – Constantine XI Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1404)
  • 1500Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer and navigator (b. 1451)
  • 1500 – Thomas Rotherham, English cleric and minister (b. 1423)
  • 1546David Beaton, Scottish cardinal and politician, Lord Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1494)
  • 1593John Penry, Welsh martyr (b. 1559)
  • 1660Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1615)
  • 1691Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1629)
  • 1790Israel Putnam, American general (b. 1718)
  • 1796Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish general and politician (b. 1720)
  • 1814Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte (b. 1763)
  • 1829Humphry Davy, English-Swiss chemist and academic (b. 1778)
  • 1847Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1862Franz Mirecki, Polish composer, music conductor, and music teacher (b. 1791)[11]
  • 1866Winfield Scott, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1786)
  • 1873Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1870)
  • 1892Bahá'u'lláh, Persian religious leader, founded the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1817)
  • 1896Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist and academic (b. 1814)
  • 1903Bruce Price, American architect, designed the Château Frontenac and American Surety Building (b. 1845)
  • 1910Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1837)
  • 1911W. S. Gilbert, English playwright and poet (b. 1836)
  • 1914Laurence Sydney Brodribb Irving, English author and playwright (b. 1871)
  • 1914 – Henry Seton-Karr, English explorer, hunter, and author (b. 1853)
  • 1917Kate Harrington, American poet and educator (b. 1831)
  • 1919Robert Bacon, American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (b. 1860)
  • 1920Carlos Deltour, French rower (b. 1864)
  • 1921Abbott Handerson Thayer, American painter and educator (b. 1849)
  • 1935Josef Suk, Czech violinist and composer (b. 1874)
  • 1939Ursula Ledóchowska, Austrian-Polish nun and saint, founded the Congregation of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus (b. 1865)
  • 1941Léo-Pol Morin, Canadian pianist, composer, and educator (b. 1892)
  • 1942John Barrymore, American actor (b. 1882)
  • 1946Martin Gottfried Weiss, German SS officer (b. 1905)
  • 1948May Whitty, English actress (b. 1865)
  • 1951Fanny Brice, American singer and comedian (b. 1891)
  • 1951 – Dimitrios Levidis, Greek-French soldier and composer (b. 1885)
  • 1953Morgan Russell, American painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1957James Whale, English director (b. 1889)
  • 1958Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1963Netta Muskett, English author (b. 1887)
  • 1966Ignace Lepp, Estonian-French priest and psychologist (b. 1909)
  • 1968Arnold Susi, Estonian lawyer and politician, Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1896)
  • 1970John Gunther, American journalist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1970 – Eva Hesse, American artist (b. 1936)
  • 1972Moe Berg, American baseball player, coach, and spy (b. 1902)
  • 1972 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-American engineer and academic (b. 1878)
  • 1973George Harriman, English businessman (b. 1908)
  • 1977Ba Maw, Burmese politician, Prime Minister of Burma (b. 1893)
  • 1979Mary Pickford, Canadian-American actress, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded United Artists (b. 1892)
  • 1979 – John H. Wood Jr., American lawyer and judge (b. 1916)
  • 1982Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (b. 1938)
  • 1983Arvīds Pelše, Latvian-Russian historian and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1987Charan Singh, Indian politician, 5th Prime Minister of India (b. 1902)
  • 1988Salem bin Laden, Saudi Arabian businessman (b. 1946)
  • 1989George C. Homans, American sociologist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 1991Margaret Barr (choreographer), Australian choreographer and teacher of dance-drama (b. 1904)[12]
  • 1993Billy Conn, American boxer (b. 1917)
  • 1994Erich Honecker, German lawyer and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1994- Lady May Abel Smith, member of the British Royal Family (b. 1906)[13]
  • 1996Tamara Toumanova, American ballerina and actress (b. 1919)
  • 1997Jeff Buckley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1966)
  • 1998Barry Goldwater, American general, activist, and politician (b. 1909)
  • 2003David Jefferies, English motorcycle racer (b. 1972)
  • 2004Archibald Cox, American lawyer and politician, 31st United States Solicitor General (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Samuel Dash, American academic and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2005John D'Amico, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Hamilton Naki, South African surgeon (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – George Rochberg, American soldier and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2006Jacques Bouchard, Canadian businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2007Dave Balon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Lois Browne-Evans, Bermudian lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2008Paula Gunn Allen, Native American writer (b. 1939)[14]
  • 2008 – Luc Bourdon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1987)
  • 2008 – Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (b. 1927)
  • 2010Dennis Hopper, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2011Sergei Bagapsh, Abkhazian politician, 2nd President of Abkhazia (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Bill Clements, American soldier and politician, 42nd Governor of Texas (b. 1917)
  • 2011 – Ferenc Mádl, Hungarian academic and politician, 14th President of Hungary (b. 1931)
  • 2012Mark Minkov, Russian composer (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Kaneto Shindo, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 2012 – Doc Watson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)
  • 2013Richard Ballantine, American-English journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Françoise Blanchard, French actress (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Andrew Greeley, American priest, sociologist, and author (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Mulgrew Miller, American pianist and composer (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Henry Morgentaler, Polish-Canadian physician and activist (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Franca Rame, Italian actress and playwright (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Ludwig G. Strauss, German physician and academic (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Wali-ur-Rehman, Pakistani commander (b. 1970)
  • 2014Christine Charbonneau, Canadian singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Walter Jakob Gehring, Swiss biologist and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Peter Glaser, Czech-American scientist and engineer (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Miljenko Prohaska, Croatian composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – William M. Roth, American businessman (b. 1916)
  • 2015Henry Carr, American football player and sprinter (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Doris Hart, American tennis player (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Betsy Palmer, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2017Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and politician, Military Leader of Panama (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Mordechai Tzipori, Israeli Lieutenant General and minister (b. 1924)
  • 2017 – Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Greek politician and prime minister (b. 1918)
  • 2020Maikanti Baru, Nigerian engineer, former chief of state oil firm. (b. 1959)[15]

Holidays and observances

  • Army Day (Argentina)
  • Ascension of Bahá'u'lláh (Bahá'í Faith) (Only if Bahá'í Naw-Rúz falls on March 21 of the Gregorian calendar)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bona of Pisa
    • Hypomone (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Maximin of Trier
    • Pope Alexander of Alexandria (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Theodosia of Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Ursula Ledóchowska
    • May 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Feast of the Sacred Heart can fall, while July 2 is the latest; celebrated 19 days after Pentecost. (Catholic Church)
  • International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers (International)
  • National Elderly Day (Indonesia)
  • Oak Apple Day (England), and its related observance:
    • Castleton Garland Day (Castleton)
  • Statehood Day (Rhode Island and Wisconsin)
  • Veterans Day (Sweden)
  • World Digestive Health Day

References

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  10. https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/rambling-reporter/laverne-cox-explains-why-shes-sharing-historic-third-emmy-nomination-1233682
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External links

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