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2021

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  2021 (Thursday)
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Events

  • 1096Count Emicho enters Mainz, where his followers massacre Jewish citizens.[1] At least 600 Jews are killed.[2]
  • 1120Richard III of Capua is anointed as Prince two weeks before his untimely death.
  • 1153Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1199John is crowned King of England.
  • 1257Richard of Cornwall, and his wife, Sanchia of Provence, are crowned King and Queen of the Germans at Aachen Cathedral.[3]
  • 1644Manchu regent Dorgon defeats rebel leader Li Zicheng of the Shun dynasty at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus to enter and conquer the capital city of Beijing.
  • 1703Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1798 – The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland; Irish rebel leaders defeat and kill a detachment of militia.[4]
  • 1799War of the Second Coalition: Austrian forces defeat the French at Winterthur, Switzerland.
  • 1813War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
  • 1860Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian unification.
  • 1863American Civil War: First Assault on the Confederate works at the Siege of Port Hudson.
  • 1874 – The first group of Dorsland trekkers under the leadership of Gert Alberts leaves Pretoria.
  • 1883Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.
  • 1896 – The F4-strength St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado hits in St. Louis, Missouri, and East St. Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and causing over $10–million in damage.
  • 1905Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
  • 1915HMS Princess Irene exploded and sank off Sheerness, Kent with the loss of 352 lives.
  • 1917Pope Benedict XV promulgates the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the first comprehensive codification of Catholic canon law in the legal history of the Catholic Church.
  • 1919 – The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
  • 1927 – The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacture of the Ford Model T and begins to retool plants to make the Ford Model A.
  • 1930 – The Script error: No such module "convert". Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public.
  • 1933New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
  • 1933 – The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon Three Little Pigs, with its hit song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?"
  • 1935 – New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
  • 1937 – In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County, California.
  • 1940World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 99 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops; two survive.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency".
  • 1941 – World War II: The Template:Warship is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Operation Anthropoid, Reinhard Heydrich is fatally wounded in Prague; he dies of his injuries eight days later.
  • 1958 – First flight of the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.
  • 1960 – In Turkey, a military coup removes President Celâl Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.
  • 1962 – The Centralia mine fire is ignited in the town's landfill above a coal mine.
  • 1965Vietnam War: American warships begin the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam.
  • 1967 – Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census.
  • 1967 – The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier Template:Ship is launched by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
  • 1971 – The Dahlerau train disaster, the worst railway accident in West Germany, kills 46 people and injures 25 near Wuppertal.
  • 1971 – Pakistani forces massacre over 200 civilians, mostly Bengali Hindus, in the Bagbati massacre.
  • 1975Dibbles Bridge coach crash near Grassington, in North Yorkshire, England, kills 33 – the highest ever death toll in a road accident in the United Kingdom.
  • 1980 – The Gwangju Massacre: Airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.
  • 1984 – The Danube-Black Sea canal is opened, in a ceremony attended by the Ceaușescus. It had been under construction since the 1950s.
  • 1996First Chechen War: the Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire.
  • 1997 – The 1997 Central Texas tornado outbreak occurs, spawning multiple tornadoes in Central Texas, including the F5 that killed 27 in Jarrell.
  • 1998Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.
  • 2001 – Members of the Islamist separatist group Abu Sayyaf seize twenty hostages from an affluent island resort on Palawan in the Philippines; the hostage crisis would not be resolved until June 2002.
  • 2006 – The 6.4 Template:M Yogyakarta earthquake shakes central Java with an MSK intensity of VIII (Damaging), leaving more than 5,700 dead and 37,000 injured.
  • 2016Barack Obama is the first president of United States to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and meet Hibakusha.
  • 2017Andrew Scheer takes over after Rona Ambrose as the leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.
  • 2018Maryland Flood Event: A flood occurs throughout the Patapsco Valley causing one death and destroying the entire first floors of buildings on Main Street in Ellicott City and causing cars to overturn.

Births

  • 742Emperor Dezong of Tang (d. 805)
  • 1332Ibn Khaldun, Tunisian historian and theologian (d. 1406)[5]
  • 1378Zhu Quan, Chinese military commander, historian and playwright (d. 1448)
  • 1519Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and theorist (d. 1594)[6]
  • 1537Louis IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg (d. 1604)
  • 1576Caspar Schoppe, German author and scholar (d. 1649)
  • 1584Michael Altenburg, German theologian and composer (d. 1640)
  • 1601Antoine Daniel, French-Canadian missionary and saint (d. 1648)
  • 1626William II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650)
  • 1627Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1693)
  • 1651Louis Antoine de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)
  • 1652Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine of Germany (d. 1722)
  • 1738Nathaniel Gorham, American merchant and politician, 14th President of the Continental Congress (d. 1796)
  • 1756Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (d. 1825)
  • 1774Francis Beaufort, Irish hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy (d. 1857)
  • 1794Cornelius Vanderbilt, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1877)
  • 1814John Rudolph Niernsee, Viennese-born American architect (d.1885)
  • 1815Henry Parkes, English-Australian politician, 7th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1896)
  • 1818Amelia Bloomer, American journalist and activist (d. 1894)
  • 1819Julia Ward Howe, American poet and songwriter (d. 1910)
  • 1827Samuel F. Miller, American lawyer and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1832Zenas Ferry Moody, American surveyor and politician, 7th Governor of Oregon (d. 1917)
  • 1836Jay Gould, American businessman and financier (d. 1892)
  • 1837Wild Bill Hickok, American police officer (d. 1876)
  • 1852Billy Barnes, English cricketer (d. 1899)
  • 1857Theodor Curtius, German chemist (d. 1928)
  • 1860Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portuguese politician, 7th President of Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1863Arthur Mold, English cricketer (d. 1921)
  • 1867Arnold Bennett, English author and playwright (d. 1931)
  • 1868Aleksa Šantić, Bosnian poet and author (d. 1924)
  • 1871Georges Rouault, French painter and illustrator (d. 1958)
  • 1875Frederick Cuming, English cricketer (d. 1942)
  • 1876Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish journalist and author (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – William Stanier, English engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1878Anna Cervin, Swedish artist (d. 1972)
  • 1879Karl Bühler, German-American linguist and psychologist (d. 1963)
  • 1879 – Hans Lammers, German judge and politician (d. 1962)
  • 1883Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (d. 1971)
  • 1884Max Brod, Czech journalist, author, and composer (d. 1968)
  • 1887Frank Woolley, English cricketer (d. 1978)
  • 1888Louis Durey, French composer (d. 1979)
  • 1891Claude Champagne, Canadian violinist, pianist, and composer (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – Jaan Kärner, Estonian poet and author (d. 1958)
  • 1894Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French physician and author (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (d. 1961)
  • 1895Douglas Lloyd Campbell, Canadian educator and politician, 13th Premier of Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • 1897John Cockcroft, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
  • 1897 – Dink Templeton, American rugby player and coach (d. 1962)
  • 1898David Crosthwait, American engineer, inventor and writer (d. 1976)
  • 1899Johannes Türn, Estonian chess and draughts player (d. 1993)
  • 1900Lotte Toberentz, German overseer of the Nazi Uckermark concentration camp (d. 1964)
  • 1900 – Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet and translator (d. 1933)
  • 1904Chūhei Nambu, Japanese jumper and journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1906Buddhadasa, Thai monk and philosopher (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Harry Hibbs, English footballer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Antonio Rosario Mennonna, Italian bishop (d. 2009)
  • 1907Nicolas Calas, Greek-American poet and critic (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Rachel Carson, American biologist, environmentalist, and author (d. 1964)
  • 1909Dolores Hope, American singer and philanthropist (d. 2011)
  • 1911Hubert Humphrey, American journalist and politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Teddy Kollek, Hungarian-Israeli politician, Mayor of Jerusalem (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Vincent Price, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912John Cheever, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Sam Snead, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Terry Moore, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1995)
  • 1915Ester Soré, Chilean singer-songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Herman Wouk, American novelist (d. 2019)
  • 1917Harry Webster, English engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1918Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese commander and politician, 45th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2019)[7]
  • 1921Bob Godfrey, Australian-English animator, director, and voice actor (d. 2013)
  • 1922Otto Carius, German lieutenant and pharmacist (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Christopher Lee, English actor (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – John D. Vanderhoof, American banker and politician, 37th Governor of Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1923Henry Kissinger, German-American political scientist and politician, 56th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1923 – Sumner Redstone, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2020)
  • 1924Jaime Lusinchi, Venezuelan physician and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – John Sumner, English-Australian director, founded the Melbourne Theatre Company (d. 2013)
  • 1925Tony Hillerman, American journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1927Jüri Randviir, Estonian chess player and journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1928Thea Musgrave, Scottish-American composer and educator
  • 1930John Barth, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1930 – William S. Sessions, American civil servant and judge, 8th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1930 – Eino Tamberg, Estonian composer and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1931André Barbeau, French-Canadian neurologist (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – John Chapple, English field marshal and politician, Governor of Gibraltar
  • 1931 – Bernard Fresson, French actor (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Faten Hamama, Egyptian actress and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Philip Kotler, American author and professor
  • 1933Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Manfred Sommer, Spanish author and illustrator (d. 2007)
  • 1934Ray Daviault, Canadian-American baseball player
  • 1934 – Harlan Ellison, American author and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1935Daniel Colchico, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Mal Evans, British road manager of The Beatles (d. 1976)
  • 1935 – Jerry Kindall, American baseball player and coach (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Ramsey Lewis, American jazz pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Lee Meriwether, American model and actress, Miss America 1955
  • 1936Benjamin Bathurst, English admiral
  • 1936 – Louis Gossett, Jr., American actor and producer
  • 1936 – Marcel Masse, Canadian educator and politician, 29th Canadian Minister of National Defence (d. 2014)
  • 1937Allan Carr, American playwright and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1939Simon Cairns, 6th Earl Cairns, English courtier and businessman
  • 1939 – Yves Duhaime, Canadian captain and politician
  • 1939 – Sokratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1939 – Gerald Ronson, English businessman and philanthropist
  • 1939 – Lionel Sosa, Mexican-American advertising and marketing executive[8]
  • 1939 – Don Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1940Mike Gibson, Australian journalist and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1942Lee Baca, American police officer
  • 1942 – Piers Courage, English racing driver (d. 1970)
  • 1942 – Roger Freeman, Baron Freeman, English accountant and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • 1942 – Robin Widdows, English racing driver
  • 1943Cilla Black, English singer and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Bruce Weitz, American actor
  • 1944Chris Dodd, American lawyer and politician
  • 1944 – Ingrid Roscoe, English historian and politician, Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire
  • 1944 – Alain Souchon, French singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1945Bruce Cockburn, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Danish bassist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – John Williams, English motorcycle racer (d. 1978)
  • 1947Peter DeFazio, American politician
  • 1947 – Marty Kristian, German-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1947 – Branko Oblak, Slovenian footballer and coach
  • 1947 – Riivo Sinijärv, Estonian politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1948Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant (d. 2017)
  • 1948 – Pete Sears, English bass player
  • 1948 – Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart, American occultist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1949Hugh Lowther, 8th Earl of Lonsdale, English politician
  • 1949 – Christa Vahlensieck, German runner
  • 1950Dee Dee Bridgewater, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1950 – Makis Dendrinos, Greek basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1951John Conteh, English boxer
  • 1954Pauline Hanson, Australian businesswoman, activist, and politician
  • 1954 – Jackie Slater, American football player and coach
  • 1955Eric Bischoff, American wrestler, manager, and producer
  • 1955 – Richard Schiff, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1955 – Ian Tracey, English organist and conductor
  • 1956Cynthia McFadden, American journalist
  • 1956 – Rosemary Squire, English producer and manager, co-founded Ambassador Theatre Group
  • 1956 – Giuseppe Tornatore, Italian director and screenwriter
  • 1957Dag Terje Andersen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Labour
  • 1957 – Nitin Gadkari, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Transport
  • 1957 – Eddie Harsch, Canadian-American keyboard player and bass player (d. 2016)
  • 1957 – Siouxsie Sioux, English singer-songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1958Nick Anstee, English accountant and politician, 682nd Lord Mayor of London
  • 1958 – Neil Finn, New Zealand singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1958 – Jesse Robredo, Filipino politician, 23rd Filipino Secretary of the Interior (d. 2012)
  • 1960Gaston Therrien, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1961José Luíz Barbosa, Brazilian runner and coach
  • 1961 – Peri Gilpin, American actress
  • 1962Marcelino Bernal, Mexican footballer
  • 1962 – Ray Borner, Australian basketball player
  • 1962 – Steven Brill, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Anthony A. Hyman, Israeli-English biologist and academic
  • 1962 – David Mundell, Scottish lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Scotland
  • 1962 – Ravi Shastri, Indian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1963Gonzalo Rubalcaba, Cuban pianist and composer
  • 1963 – Maria Walliser, Swiss skier
  • 1964Adam Carolla, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965Pat Cash, Australian-English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1966Heston Blumenthal, English chef and author
  • 1967Paul Gascoigne, English international footballer, midfielder, coach, and manager[9]
  • 1967 – Eddie McClintock, American actor
  • 1968Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Rebekah Brooks, English journalist
  • 1968 – Harun Erdenay, Turkish basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Frank Thomas, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1969Todd Hundley, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jeremy Mayfield, American race car driver
  • 1969 – Craig Federighi, American computer scientist and engineer
  • 1970Michele Bartoli, Italian cyclist
  • 1970 – Tim Farron, English educator and politician
  • 1970 – Joseph Fiennes, English actor
  • 1970 – Alex Archer, American-born Australian musician
  • 1971Mathew Batsiua, Nauruan politician
  • 1971 – Paul Bettany, English actor
  • 1971 – Wayne Carey, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper and dancer (d. 2002)
  • 1971 – Lee Sharpe, English footballer
  • 1971 – Grant Stafford, South African tennis player
  • 1971 – Sophie Walker, British politician, leader of the Women's Equality Party
  • 1971 – Petroc Trelawny, British radio and television broadcaster
  • 1972Todd Demsey, American golfer
  • 1972 – Antonio Freeman, American football player
  • 1972 – Maxim Sokolov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973Jack McBrayer, American actor and comedian
  • 1973 – Tana Umaga, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1973 – Yorgos Lanthimos, Greek film video, and theatre director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1974Skye Edwards, British singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Denise van Outen, English actress, singer, and television host
  • 1974 – Derek Webb, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Danny Wuerffel, American football player
  • 1975André 3000, American rapper
  • 1975 – Michael Hussey, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jamie Oliver, English chef and author
  • 1975 – Feryal Özel, Turkish astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic
  • 1976Marcel Fässler, Swiss racing driver
  • 1977Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian high jumper
  • 1977 – Mahela Jayawardene, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1978Adin Brown, American soccer player
  • 1979Michael Buonauro, American author and illustrator (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Mile Sterjovski, Australian footballer
  • 1980Craig Buntin, Canadian figure skater
  • 1981Alina Cojocaru, Romanian ballerina
  • 1981 – Johan Elmander, Swedish footballer
  • 1982Natalya, Canadian professional wrestler[10]
  • 1984Blake Ahearn, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Miguel González, Mexican baseball pitcher
  • 1985Chiang Chien-ming, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1985 – Roberto Soldado, Spanish footballer
  • 1986Conor Cummins, Manx motorcycle racer
  • 1986 – Bamba Fall, Senegalese basketball player
  • 1986 – Lasse Schöne, Danish footballer
  • 1987Gervinho, Ivorian footballer
  • 1987 – Bella Heathcote, Australian actress
  • 1987 – Eric Kolelas, French-English actor and director
  • 1987 – Bora Paçun, Turkish basketball player
  • 1987 – Matt Prior, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Martina Sablikova, Czech speed skater and cyclist
  • 1988Vontae Davis, American football player
  • 1988 – Irina Davydova, Russian hurdler[11]
  • 1988 – Garrett Richards, American baseball pitcher
  • 1988 – Tyler Sash, American football player (d. 2015)
  • 1989Igor Morozov, Estonian footballer
  • 1990Yenew Alamirew, Ethiopian runner
  • 1990 – Chris Colfer, American actor and singer
  • 1990 – Marcus Kruger, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1991Sebastien Dewaest, Belgian footballer
  • 1991 – Tim Lafai, Samoan rugby league player
  • 1991 – Ksenia Pervak, Russian tennis player
  • 1991 – Eneli Vals, Estonian footballer
  • 1992Aaron Brown, Canadian sprinter
  • 1992 – Laurence Vincent-Lapointe, Canadian canoer[12]

Deaths

  • 366Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 325)
  • 398Murong Bao, emperor of the Xianbei state Later Yan (b. 355)
  • 475Eutropius, bishop of Orange
  • 866Ordoño I of Asturias (b. 831)
  • 927Simeon I of Bulgaria first Bulgarian Emperor (b. 864)
  • 1039Dirk III, Count of Holland (b. 981)
  • 1045Bruno of Würzburg, imperial chancellor of Italy (b. c. 1005)
  • 1178Godfrey van Rhenen, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1240William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (b. 1166)
  • 1444John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English commander (b. 1404)
  • 1508Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan (b. 1452)
  • 1508 – Lucrezia Crivelli, mistress of Ludovico Sforza (b. 1452)
  • 1525Thomas Müntzer, German mystic and theologian (b. 1488)
  • 1541Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473)
  • 1564John Calvin, French pastor and theologian (b. 1509)
  • 1610François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • 1624Diego Ramírez de Arellano, Spanish sailor and cosmographer (b. c. 1580)
  • 1637John Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler of Brantfield, English politician (b. c. 1566)
  • 1661Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, Scottish general and politician (b. 1607)
  • 1675Gaspard Dughet, Italian-French painter (b. 1613)
  • 1690Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian organist and composer (b. 1626)
  • 1702Dominique Bouhours, French priest and critic (b. 1628)
  • 1707Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1640)
  • 1781Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1716)
  • 1797François-Noël Babeuf, French journalist (b. 1760)
  • 1831Jedediah Smith, American hunter, explorer, and author (b. 1799)
  • 1840Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1782)
  • 1867Thomas Bulfinch American mythologist (b. 1796)
  • 1896Aleksandr Stoletov, Russian physicist, engineer, and academic (b. 1839)
  • 1910Robert Koch, German physician and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1918Ōzutsu Man'emon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 18th Yokozuna (b. 1869)
  • 1919Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian author and activist (b. 1848)
  • 1933Achille Paroche, French target shooter (b. 1868)
  • 1939Joseph Roth, Austrian-French journalist and author (b. 1894)
  • 1941Ernst Lindemann, German captain (b. 1894)
  • 1941 – Günther Lütjens, German admiral (b. 1889)
  • 1942Muhammed Hamdi Yazır, Turkish theologian, logician, and translator (b. 1878)
  • 1943Gordon Coates, New Zealand soldier and politician, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878)
  • 1945Enno Lolling, German physician (b. 1888)
  • 1947Ed Konetchy, American baseball player and manager (b. 1885)
  • 1949Robert Ripley, American cartoonist, publisher, and businessman, founded Ripley's Believe It or Not! (b. 1890)
  • 1953Jesse Burkett, American baseball player and manager (b. 1868)
  • 1960James Montgomery Flagg, American painter and illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1963Grigoris Lambrakis, Greek physician and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1964Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of India (b. 1889)
  • 1967W. Otto Miessner, American composer and educator (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Ernst Niekisch, German academic and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1969Jeffrey Hunter, American actor and producer (b. 1926)
  • 1971Béla Juhos, Hungarian-Austrian philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1901)
  • 1971 – Armando Picchi, Italian footballer and coach (b. 1935)
  • 1980Gün Sazak, Turkish agronomist and politician (b. 1932)
  • 1984Vasilije Mokranjac, Serbian composer (b. 1923)
  • 1986Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Ajoy Mukherjee, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1901)
  • 1986 – Giorgos Tzifos, Greek actor and cinematographer (b. 1918)
  • 1987John Howard Northrop, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1988Hjördis Petterson, Swedish actress (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Ernst Ruska, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1989Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet and translator (b. 1907)
  • 1990Robert B. Meyner, American lawyer and politician, 44th Governor of New Jersey (b. 1908)
  • 1991Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist and theorist (b. 1904)
  • 1992Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
  • 1998Minoo Masani, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1905)
  • 2000Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer and pilot (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch, Scottish politician and diplomat, 25th Governor of Hong Kong (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1921)
  • 2003Luciano Berio, Italian composer and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2006Rob Borsellino, American journalist (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Paul Gleason, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Craig Heyward, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 2007Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Ed Yost, American inventor, created the hot air balloon (b. 1919)
  • 2008Franz Künstler, Hungarian soldier (b. 1900)
  • 2009Thomas M. Franck, American lawyer and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Clive Granger, Welsh-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – Mona Grey, British nursing administrator; Northern Ireland's first Chief Nursing Officer
  • 2009 – Abram Hoffer, Canadian biochemist, physician, and psychiatrist (b. 1917)
  • 2009 – Gérard Jean-Juste, Haitian-American priest and theologian (b. 1946)
  • 2009 – Carol Anne O'Marie, American nun and author (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – William Refshauge, Australian soldier and physician (b. 1913)
  • 2009 – Paul Sharratt, English-American television host (b. 1933)
  • 2010Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator and director (b. 1929)
  • 2011Jeff Conaway, American actor and singer (b. 1950)
  • 2011 – Margo Dydek, Polish-American basketball player (b. 1974)
  • 2011 – Gil Scott-Heron, American singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1949)
  • 2012Simeon Daniel, Nevisian educator and politician, 1st Premier of Nevis (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Friedrich Hirzebruch, German mathematician and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Anahit Perikhanian, Russian-born Armenian Iranologist (b. 1928)[13]
  • 2012 – David Rimoin, Canadian-American geneticist and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2013Jagjit Singh Lyallpuri, Indian politician (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Bill Pertwee, English actor (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Abdoulaye Sékou Sow, Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali (b. 1931)
  • 2014Robert Genn, Canadian painter and author (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Roberto Vargas, Puerto Rican-American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Massimo Vignelli, Italian-American graphic designer (b. 1931)
  • 2015Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver (b. 1929)[14]
  • 2015 – Nils Christie, Norwegian sociologist, criminologist, and author (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Andy King, English footballer and manager (b. 1956)
  • 2015 – Michael Martin, American philosopher and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2017Gregg Allman, American musician, singer and songwriter (b. 1947)[15]
  • 2020Larry Kramer, American playwright, public health advocate and LGBT rights activist (b. 1935)[16]

Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day (Nicaragua)
  • Children's Day (Nigeria)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Augustine of Canterbury
    • Blessed Lojze Grozde
    • Bede (commemoration, Anglican Communion)
    • Bruno of Würzburg
    • Eutropius of Orange
    • Hildebert
    • Julius the Veteran
    • May 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Mother's Day (Bolivia)
  • Navy Day (Japan)
  • Slavery Abolition Day (Guadeloupe, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin)
  • Start of National Reconciliation Week (Australia)

References

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  2. https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/this-day-massacre-in-mainz-1.5249699
  3. Goldstone, Nancy (2008). Four Queens; The Provençal Sisters who ruled Europe. Pinguin Books, London, p. 213.
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External links

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