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May 22 is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 223 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[]

Pre-1600[]

  • 192Dong Zhuo is assassinated by his adopted son Lü Bu.[1]
  • 760 – Fourteenth recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
  • 853 – A Byzantine fleet sacks and destroys undefended Damietta in Egypt.[2]
  • 1176 – The Hashshashin (Assassins) attempt to assassinate Saladin near Aleppo.
  • 1200 – King John of England and King Philip II of France sign the Treaty of Le Goulet.
  • 1246Henry Raspe is elected anti-king of the Kingdom of Germany in opposition to Conrad IV.
  • 1254Serbian King Stefan Uroš I and the Republic of Venice sign a peace treaty.
  • 1370Brussels massacre: Between six and twenty Jews are murdered and the rest of the Jewish community is banished from Brussels, Belgium, for allegedly desecrating consecrated Host.[3]
  • 1377Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
  • 1455 – Start of the Wars of the Roses: At the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England.
  • 1520 – The massacre at the festival of Tóxcatl takes place during the Fall of Tenochtitlan, resulting in turning the Aztecs against the Spanish.[4]

1601–1900[]

  • 1629Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Danish King Christian IV sign the Treaty of Lübeck ending Danish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1762 – Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.
  • 1762 – Trevi Fountain is officially completed and inaugurated in Rome.[5]
  • 1766 – A large earthquake causes heavy damage and loss of life in Istanbul and the Marmara region.[6]
  • 1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially begins as the Corps of Discovery departs from St. Charles, Missouri.
  • 1807 – A grand jury indicts former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr on a charge of treason.
  • 1809 – On the second and last day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna, Austria), Napoleon I is repelled by an enemy army for the first time.
  • 1816 – A mob in Littleport, Cambridgeshire, England, riots over high unemployment and rising grain costs, and the riots spread to Ely the next day.
  • 1819SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia, United States, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1826HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage.
  • 1840 – The penal transportation of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
  • 1846 – The Associated Press is formed in New York City as a non-profit news cooperative.
  • 1848Slavery is abolished in Martinique.
  • 1849 – Future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is issued a patent for an invention to lift boats, making him the only U.S. president to ever hold a patent.
  • 1856Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina severely beats Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sumner had made regarding Southerners and slavery.
  • 1863American Civil War: Union forces begin the Siege of Port Hudson which lasts 48 days, the longest siege in U.S. military history.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: After ten weeks, the Union Army's Red River Campaign ends in failure.
  • 1866 – Oliver Winchester founded the Winchester Repeating Arms
  • 1872Reconstruction Era: President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act into law, restoring full civil and political rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.

1901–present[]

  • 1905 – The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Abdul Hamid II establishes the Ullah Millet for the Aromanians of the empire. For this reason, the Aromanian National Day is sometimes celebrated on this day,[7] although most do so on May 23 instead, which is when this event was publicly announced.[8]
  • 1906 – The Wright brothers are granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine".
  • 1915Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, the only volcano besides Mount St. Helens to erupt in the contiguous U.S. during the 20th century.
  • 1915 – Three trains collide in the Quintinshill rail disaster near Gretna Green, Scotland, killing 227 people and injuring 246.
  • 1926Chiang Kai-shek replaces the communists in Kuomintang China.
  • 1927 – Near Xining, China, an 8.3 magnitude earthquake causes 200,000 deaths in one of the world's most destructive earthquakes.
  • 1939World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
  • 1941 – During the Anglo-Iraqi War, British troops take Fallujah.
  • 1942Mexico enters the Second World War on the side of the Allies.
  • 1943Joseph Stalin disbands the Comintern.
  • 1947Cold War: The Truman Doctrine goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece.
  • 1948 – Finnish President J. K. Paasikivi releases Yrjö Leino from his duties as interior minister in 1948 after the Finnish parliament adopted a motion of censure of Leino with connection to his illegal handing over of nineteen people to the Soviet Union in 1945.[9][10][11]
  • 1957 – South Africa's government approves of racial separation in universities.
  • 1958 – The 1958 riots in Ceylon become a watershed in the race relations of various ethnic communities of Sri Lanka. The total deaths are estimated at 300, mostly Tamils.
  • 1960 – The Great Chilean earthquake, measuring 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale, hits southern Chile, becoming the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
  • 1962Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes in Unionville, Missouri after bombs explode on board, killing 45.
  • 1963 – Greek left-wing politician Grigoris Lambrakis is shot in an assassination attempt and dies five days later.
  • 1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson launches his Great Society program.
  • 1967 – Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.
  • 1967 – L'Innovation department store in Brussels, Belgium, burns down, resulting in 323 dead or missing and 150 injured, the most devastating fire in Belgian history.
  • 1968 – The nuclear-powered submarine USS Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
  • 1969Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 8.4 nautical miles (16 km) of the moon's surface.
  • 1972 – Ceylon adopts a new constitution, becoming a republic and changing its name to Sri Lanka.
  • 1972 – Over 400 women in Derry, Northern Ireland attack the offices of Sinn Féin following the shooting by the Irish Republican Army of a young British soldier on leave.
  • 1987Hashimpura massacre occurs in Meerut, India.
  • 1987 – First ever Rugby World Cup kicks off with New Zealand playing Italy at Eden Park in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 1990North and South Yemen are unified to create the Republic of Yemen.
  • 1992Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia join the United Nations.
  • 1994 – A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti goes into effect to punish its military rulers for not reinstating the country's ousted elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
  • 1996 – The Burmese military regime jails 71 supporters of Aung San Suu Kyi in a bid to block a pro-democracy meeting.
  • 1998 – A U.S. federal judge rules that U.S. Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the Lewinsky scandal involving President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000 – In Sri Lanka, over 150 Tamil rebels are killed over two days of fighting for control in Jaffna.
  • 2002Civil rights movement: A jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murder of four girls in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing.
  • 2010Air India Express Flight 812, a Boeing 737 crashes over a cliff upon landing at Mangalore, India, killing 158 of 166 people on board, becoming the deadliest crash involving a Boeing 737 until the crash of Lion Air Flight 610.
  • 2010 – Inter Milan beat Bayern Munich 2–0 in the UEFA Champions League final in Madrid, Spain to become the first, and so far only, Italian team to win the historic treble (Serie A, Coppa Italia, Champions League).
  • 2011An EF5 tornado strikes Joplin, Missouri, killing 158 people and wreaking $2.8 billion in damages, the costliest and seventh-deadliest single tornado in U.S. history.
  • 2012Tokyo Skytree opens to the public. It is the tallest tower in the world (634 m), and the second tallest man-made structure on Earth after Burj Khalifa (829.8 m).
  • 2012 – SpaceX COTS Demo Flight 2 launches a Dragon capsule on a Falcon 9 rocket in the first commercial flight to the International Space Station.[12]
  • 2014 – General Prayut Chan-o-cha becomes interim leader of Thailand in a military coup d'état, following six months of political turmoil.
  • 2014 – An explosion occurs in Ürümqi, capital of China's far-western Xinjiang region, resulting in at least 43 deaths and 91 injuries.
  • 2015 – The Republic of Ireland becomes the first nation in the world to legalize gay marriage in a public referendum.
  • 2017 – Twenty-two people are killed at an Ariana Grande concert in the 2017 Manchester Arena bombing.
  • 2017 – United States President Donald Trump visits the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and becomes the first sitting U.S. president to visit the Western Wall.
  • 2020Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 crashes in Model Colony near Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 98 people.[13]
  • 2021 – Severe weather kills 21 runners in the 100 km (60-mile) ultramarathon in the Yellow River Stone Forest, Gansu province of China.[14]

Births[]

Pre-1600[]

  • 626Itzam K'an Ahk I, Mayan king (d. 686)
  • 1009Su Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1066)
  • 1408Annamacharya, Hindu saint (d. 1503)
  • 1539Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford (d. 1621)

1601–1900[]

  • 1622Louis de Buade de Frontenac, French soldier and governor (d. 1698)
  • 1644Gabriël Grupello, Flemish Baroque sculptor (d. 1730)
  • 1650Richard Brakenburgh, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1702)
  • 1665Magnus Stenbock, Swedish field marshal and Royal Councillor (d. 1717)
  • 1694Daniel Gran, Austrian painter (d. 1757)
  • 1715François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and diplomat (d. 1794)
  • 1733Hubert Robert, French painter (d. 1808)
  • 1752Louis Legendre, French butcher and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1762Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst, English politician (d. 1834)
  • 1770Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)
  • 1772Ram Mohan Roy, Indian philosopher and reformer (d. 1833)
  • 1779Johann Nepomuk Schödlberger, Austrian painter (d. 1853)
  • 1782Hirose Tansō, Japanese neo-Confucian scholar, teacher, writer (d. 1856)
  • 1783William Sturgeon, English physicist and inventor, invented the electromagnet and electric motor (d. 1850)
  • 1808Gérard de Nerval, French poet and translator (d. 1855)
  • 1811Giulia Grisi, Italian soprano (d. 1869)
  • 1811 – Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle, English politician (d. 1864)
  • 1813Richard Wagner, German composer (d. 1883)
  • 1814Amalia Lindegren, Swedish painter (d. 1891)
  • 1820Worthington Whittredge, American painter (d. 1910)
  • 1828Albrecht von Graefe, German ophthalmologist and academic (d. 1870)
  • 1831Henry Vandyke Carter, English anatomist and surgeon (d. 1897)
  • 1833Félix Bracquemond, French painter and etcher (d. 1914)
  • 1833 – Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1895)
  • 1841Catulle Mendès, French poet, author, and playwright (d. 1909)
  • 1844Mary Cassatt, American painter and educator (d. 1926)
  • 1846Rita Cetina Gutiérrez, Mexican poet, educator, and activist (d. 1908)
  • 1848Fritz von Uhde, German painter and educator (d. 1911)
  • 1849Aston Webb, English architect and academic (d. 1930)
  • 1858Belmiro de Almeida, Brazilian painter, illustrator, sculptor (d. 1935)
  • 1859Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (d. 1930)
  • 1859 – Tsubouchi Shōyō, Japanese author, playwright, and educator (d. 1935)
  • 1864Willy Stöwer, German author and illustrator (d. 1931)
  • 1868Augusto Pestana, Brazilian engineer and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1874Daniel François Malan, South African clergyman and politician, 5th Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1959)
  • 1876Julius Klinger, Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1942)
  • 1879Warwick Armstrong, Australian cricketer and journalist (d. 1947)
  • 1879 – Jean Cras, French admiral and composer (d. 1932)
  • 1879 – Symon Petliura, Ukrainian statesman and independence leader (d. 1926)
  • 1880Francis de Miomandre, French author and translator (d. 1959)
  • 1884Wilhelmina Hay Abbott, Scottish suffragist and feminist (d. 1957)[15]
  • 1885Giacomo Matteotti, Italian lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1885 – Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral (d. 1957)
  • 1887A. W. Sandberg, Danish film director and screenwriter (d. 1938)
  • 1891Johannes R. Becher, German politician, novelist, and poet (d. 1958)
  • 1894Friedrich Pollock, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1970)
  • 1897Robert Neumann, German and English-speaking author (d. 1975)
  • 1900Juan Arvizu, Mexican lyric opera tenor and bolero vocalist (d.1985)

1901–present[]

  • 1901Maurice J. Tobin, American politician, 6th United States Secretary of Labor (d. 1953)
  • 1902Jack Lambert, English footballer and manager (d. 1940) [16]
  • 1902 – Al Simmons, American baseball player and coach (d. 1956)
  • 1904Uno Lamm, Swedish electrical engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
  • 1905Bodo von Borries, German physicist and academic, co-invented the electron microscope (d. 1956)
  • 1905 – Tom Driberg, British politician (d. 1976)
  • 1907Hergé, Belgian author and illustrator (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Laurence Olivier, English actor, director, and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1908Horton Smith, American golfer and captain (d. 1963)
  • 1909Bob Dyer, American-Australian radio and television host (d. 1984)[17]
  • 1909 – Margaret Mee, English illustrator and educator (d. 1988)
  • 1912Herbert C. Brown, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1913Rafael Gil, Spanish director and screenwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Dominique Rolin, Belgian author (d. 2012)
  • 1914Max Kohnstamm, Dutch historian and diplomat (d. 2010)
  • 1914 – Sun Ra, American pianist, composer, bandleader, poet (d. 1993)
  • 1917George Aratani, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jean-Louis Curtis, French author (d. 1995)
  • 1919Paul Vanden Boeynants, Belgian businessman and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 2001)
  • 1920Thomas Gold, Austrian-American astrophysicist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1921George S. Hammond, American scientist (d. 2005)
  • 1922Quinn Martin, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1924Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2018)
  • 1925Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (d. 1991)
  • 1927Michael Constantine, American actor (d. 2021)
  • 1927 – Peter Matthiessen, American novelist, short story writer, editor, co-founded The Paris Review (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – George Andrew Olah, Hungarian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1928Serge Doubrovsky, French theorist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – John Mackenzie, Scottish director and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – T. Boone Pickens, American businessman (d. 2019)
  • 1928 – Hiroshi Sano, Japanese novelist (d. 2013)
  • 1929Ahmed Fouad Negm, Egyptian poet (d. 2013)
  • 1930Kenny Ball, English jazz trumpet player, vocalist, and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Marisol Escobar, French-American sculptor (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Harvey Milk, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1932Robert Spitzer, American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1933Fred Anderson, Australian-South African rugby league player (d. 2012)[18]
  • 1933 – Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1934Peter Nero, American pianist and conductor
  • 1935Billy Rayner, Australian rugby league player (d. 2006)[19]
  • 1936George H. Heilmeier, American engineer (d. 2014)
  • 1937Facundo Cabral, Argentinian singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1938Richard Benjamin, American actor and director
  • 1938 – Susan Strasberg, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1939Paul Winfield, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1940Kieth Merrill, American filmmaker
  • 1940 – E. A. S. Prasanna, Indian cricketer[20]
  • 1940 – Michael Sarrazin, Canadian actor (d. 2011)
  • 1940 – Bernard Shaw, American journalist (d. 2022)
  • 1940 – Mick Tingelhoff, American Pro Football Hall of Famer (d. 2021)
  • 1941Menzies Campbell, Scottish sprinter and politician
  • 1942Roger Brown, American basketball player (d. 1997)[21]
  • 1942 – Ted Kaczynski, American academic and mathematician turned anarchist and serial murderer (Unabomber)
  • 1942 – Barbara Parkins, Canadian actress
  • 1942 – Richard Oakes, Native American civil rights activist (d. 1972)
  • 1943Betty Williams, Northern Irish peace activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1943 – Tommy John, American baseball player
  • 1944John Flanagan, Australian fantasy author
  • 1945Bob Katter, Australian politician
  • 1946George Best, Northern Irish footballer and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Michael Green, English physicist and academic
  • 1946 – Howard Kendall, English footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Andrei Marga, Romanian philosopher, political scientist, politician
  • 1946 – Lyudmila Zhuravleva, Russian-Ukrainian astronomer
  • 1948Tomás Sánchez, Cuban painter and engraver
  • 1948 – Nedumudi Venu, Indian actor and screenwriter (d. 2021)
  • 1949Cheryl Campbell, English actress
  • 1949 – Valentin Inzko, Austrian diplomat
  • 1950Bernie Taupin, English singer-songwriter and poet
  • 1953François Bon, French writer
  • 1953 – Cha Bum-kun, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Paul Mariner, English footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2021)
  • 1954Barbara May Cameron, Native American human rights activist (d. 2002)[22]
  • 1954 – Shuji Nakamura, Japanese-American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1955Iva Davies, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist[23]
  • 1956Lucie Brock-Broido, American poet (d. 2018)
  • 1957Lisa Murkowski, American lawyer and politician
  • 1959David Blatt, Israeli-American basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Olin Browne, American golfer[24]
  • 1959 – Morrissey, English singer-songwriter and performer
  • 1959 – Kwak Jae-yong, South Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Mehbooba Mufti, Indian politician
  • 1960Hideaki Anno, Japanese animator, director, and screenwriter
  • 1962Andrew Magee, French-American golfer[25]
  • 1962 – Brian Pillman, American football player and wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1963Claude Closky, French contemporary artist[26]
  • 1965Jay Carney, American journalist, 29th White House Press Secretary
  • 1966Johnny Gill, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1966 – Wang Xiaoshuai, Chinese director and screenwriter
  • 1968Graham Linehan, Irish-born British activist
  • 1969Cathy McMorris Rodgers, American lawyer and politician
  • 1970Naomi Campbell, English model
  • 1970 – Brody Stevens, American comedian and actor (d. 2019)
  • 1972Max Brooks, American author and screenwriter
  • 1973Nikolaj Lie Kaas, Danish actor
  • 1974Garba Lawal, Nigerian footballer
  • 1974 – Henrietta Ónodi, Hungarian Olympic gymnast
  • 1974 – Arseniy Yatsenyuk, Ukrainian politician
  • 1975Salva Ballesta, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1976Christian Vande Velde, American cyclist
  • 1977Pat Smullen, Irish jockey (d. 2020)[27]
  • 1978Ginnifer Goodwin, American actress
  • 1978 – Katie Price, English television personality and glamour model
  • 1979Nazanin Boniadi, Iranian-American actress
  • 1979 – Tihomir Dovramadjiev, Bulgarian Chess boxer[28]
  • 1979 – Maggie Q, American actress
  • 1980Tarin Bradford, Australian rugby league player[29]
  • 1980 – Sharice Davids, American politician
  • 1980 – Lucy Gordon, British actress and model (d. 2009)
  • 1981Daniel Bryan, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Bassel Khartabil, Syrian computer programmer and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1981 – Jürgen Melzer, Austrian tennis player
  • 1981 – Mark O'Meley, Australian rugby league player[30]
  • 1982Erin McNaught, Australian model and actress
  • 1982 – Apolo Ohno, American speed skater
  • 1982 – Hong Yong-jo, North Korean footballer
  • 1983Natasha Kai, American soccer player and Olympic medalist
  • 1984Clara Amfo, English television and radio presenter
  • 1984 – Karoline Herfurth, German actress
  • 1984 – Didier Ya Konan, Ivorian footballer
  • 1984 – Dustin Moskovitz, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Facebook
  • 1985Tranquillo Barnetta, Swiss footballer
  • 1985 – Tao Okamoto, Japanese model and actress
  • 1986Julian Edelman, American football player
  • 1986 – Matt Jarvis, English footballer
  • 1986 – Tatiana Volosozhar, Russian figure skater
  • 1987Novak Djokovic, Serbian tennis player[31]
  • 1987 – Arturo Vidal, Chilean footballer
  • 1988Heida Reed, Icelandic-British actress
  • 1989Corey Dickerson, American baseball player
  • 1990Wyatt Roy, Australian politician
  • 1991Joel Obi, Nigerian footballer
  • 1991 – Suho, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1992Anna Baryshnikov, American actress[32]
  • 1994Florian Luger, Austrian male model
  • 1994 – Athena Manoukian, Greek-Armenian singer and songwriter
  • 1998Samile Bermannelli, Brazilian fashion model[33]
  • 1999Femke Huijzer, Dutch model[34]
  • 1999 – Hōshōryū Tomokatsu, Mongolian sumo wrestler[35]
  • 2001Emma Chamberlain, American internet personality[36]
  • 2004Peyton Elizabeth Lee, American actress[37]

Deaths[]

Pre-1600[]

  • 192Dong Zhuo, Chinese warlord and politician (b. 138)
  • 337Constantine the Great, Roman emperor (b. 272)
  • 748Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 683)
  • 1068Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (b. 1025)
  • 1310Saint Humility, founder of the Vallumbrosan religious order of nuns (b. c.1226)
  • 1409Blanche of England, sister of King Henry V (b. 1392)
  • 1455Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, English commander (b. 1406)
  • 1455 – Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford, Lancastrian commander (b. 1414)
  • 1455 – Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English commander (b. 1393)
  • 1457Rita of Cascia, Italian nun and saint (b. 1381)
  • 1490Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent, English administrator, nobleman and magnate (b. 1416)
  • 1538John Forest, English friar and martyr (b. 1471)
  • 1540Francesco Guicciardini, Italian historian and politician (b. 1483)
  • 1545Sher Shah Suri, Indian ruler (b. 1486)
  • 1553Giovanni Bernardi, Italian sculptor and engraver (b. 1495)

1601–1900[]

  • 1602Renata of Lorraine (b. 1544)
  • 1609Pieter Willemsz. Verhoeff, Dutch captain (b. 1573)
  • 1666Gaspar Schott, German physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
  • 1667Pope Alexander VII (b. 1599)
  • 1745François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French general (b. 1671)
  • 1760Baal Shem Tov, Polish rabbi and author (b. 1700)
  • 1772Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian and academic (b. 1687)
  • 1795Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg, Prussian politician, Foreign Minister of Prussia (b. 1725)
  • 1802Martha Washington, First, First Lady of the United States (b. 1731)[38]
  • 1851Mordecai Manuel Noah, American journalist and diplomat (b. 1755)
  • 1859Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (b. 1810)
  • 1861Thornsbury Bailey Brown, American soldier (b. 1829)
  • 1868Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1885Victor Hugo, French novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1802)

1901–present[]

  • 1901Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist, assassin of Umberto I of Italy (b. 1869)
  • 1910Jules Renard, French author and playwright (b. 1864)
  • 1932Augusta, Lady Gregory, Anglo-Irish activist, landlord, and playwright, co-founded the Abbey Theatre (b. 1852)
  • 1933Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav, Mongolian politician, 10th Prime Minister of Mongolia (b. 1894)
  • 1938William Glackens, American painter and illustrator (b. 1870)
  • 1939Ernst Toller, German playwright and author (b. 1893)
  • 1939 – Jiří Mahen, Czech author and playwright (b. 1882)
  • 1948Claude McKay, Jamaican writer and poet (b. 1889)
  • 1954Chief Bender, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1884)
  • 1965Christopher Stone, English radio host (b. 1882)
  • 1966Tom Goddard, English cricketer (b. 1900)
  • 1967Langston Hughes, American poet, social activist, novelist, and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Charlotte Serber, American Librarian of the Manhattan Project's Los Alamos site (b. 1911)[39]
  • 1972Cecil Day-Lewis, Anglo-Irish poet and author (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – Margaret Rutherford, English actress (b. 1892)
  • 1974Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, German-American mathematician and aerospace engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1975Lefty Grove, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1982Cevdet Sunay, Turkish general and politician, 5th President of Turkey (b. 1899)
  • 1983Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1983 – Erna Scheffler, German lawyer and justice of the Federal Constitutional Court (b. 1893)[40]
  • 1984Karl-August Fagerholm, Finnish politician, valtioneuvos, the Speaker of the Parliament and the Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1901)[41]
  • 1985Wolfgang Reitherman, German-American animator, director, and producer (b. 1909)
  • 1988Giorgio Almirante, Italian journalist and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1989Steven De Groote, South African pianist and educator (b. 1953)
  • 1990Rocky Graziano, American boxer (b. 1922)
  • 1991Lino Brocka, Filipino director and screenwriter (b. 1939)[42]
  • 1991 – Shripad Amrit Dange, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Stan Mortensen, English footballer and manager (b. 1921)
  • 1992Zellig Harris, American linguist and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1993Mieczysław Horszowski, Polish-American pianist and composer (b. 1892)
  • 1997Alziro Bergonzo, Italian architect and painter (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Alfred Hershey, American biochemist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1998John Derek, American actor, director, and photographer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – José Enrique Moyal, Israeli physicist and engineer (b. 1910)
  • 2000Davie Fulton, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1916)
  • 2004Richard Biggs, American actor (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast (b. 1945)
  • 2005Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor and singer (b. 1914)
  • 2006Lee Jong-wook, South Korean physician and diplomat (b. 1945)
  • 2007Pemba Doma Sherpa, Nepalese mountaineer (b. 1970)
  • 2008Robert Asprin, American soldier and author (b. 1946)
  • 2010Martin Gardner, American mathematician, cryptographer, and author (b. 1914)
  • 2011Joseph Brooks, American director, producer, screenwriter, and composer (b. 1938)
  • 2012Muzafar Bhutto, Pakistani politician (b. 1970)
  • 2012 – Wesley A. Brown, American lieutenant and engineer (b. 1927)
  • 2013Sigurd Ottovich Schmidt, Russian historian and ethnographer (b. 1922)
  • 2015Marques Haynes, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Vladimir Katriuk, Ukrainian-Canadian SS officer (b. 1921)
  • 2016Velimir "Bata" Živojinović, Serbian actor and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2017Nicky Hayden, American motorcycle racer (b. 1981)[43]
  • 2019Judith Kerr, German-born British writer and illustrator (b. 1923)
  • 2020Denise Cronenberg, Canadian costume designer (b. 1938)[44]
  • 2022Dervla Murphy, Irish touring cyclist and author (b. 1931)[45]

Holidays and observances[]

  • Abolition Day (Martinique)
  • Aromanian National Day[7] (marginal, celebration on May 23 is more common)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Castus and Emilius
    • Fulk
    • Humilita
    • Michael Hồ Đình Hy (one of Vietnamese Martyrs)
    • Quiteria
    • Rita of Cascia
    • Romanus of Subiaco
    • May 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Harvey Milk Day (California)
  • International Day for Biological Diversity (International)[46]
  • United States National Maritime Day
  • National Sovereignty Day (Haiti)
  • Republic Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Translation of the Relics of Saint Nicholas from Myra to Bari (Ukraine)
  • Unity Day (Yemen), celebrates the unification of North and South Yemen into the Republic of Yemen in 1990.
  • World Goth Day[47]

References[]

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  2. Venning, Timothy (2006). A Chronology of the Byzantine Empire. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 257. ISBN 9780230505865.
  3. Jacob, Heinrich Eduard (2007). Six Thousand Years of Bread: Its Holy and Unholy History. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. pp. 168–170. ISBN 9781602391246.
  4. Revista de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM Volume 49, Issues 522-527 p 40
  5. Carlson, Victor (1978). Hubert Robert: Drawings and Watercolors. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art. p. 9. OCLC 299971200
    d'Onofrio, Cesare; Dellacher, Max (1957). Le fontane di Roma: con documenti e disegni inediti. Rome: Staderini Editioni. p. viii. OCLC 249113666
    Cooke, H. L. (1956). "The Documents Relating to the Fountain of Trevi". Art Bulletin. 38 (3): 149–173 at 168. doi:10.1080/00043079.1956.11408329.
  6. N. N. Ambraseys; J. A. Jackson (June 2000). "Seismicity of the Sea of Marmara (Turkey) since 1500". Geophysical Journal International. 141 (3): F1. Bibcode:2000GeoJI.141F...1A. doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2000.00137.x.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kahl, Thede (2002). "The ethnicity of Aromanians after 1990: the identity of a minority that behaves like a majority". Ethnologia Balkanica. 6: 145–169.
  8. "Nikola Minov: Why don't all Aromanians celebrate May 23 as their national day?". Trã Armãnami. 24 May 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  9. "Nach tschechischem Vorbild" [According to the Czech model]. 22. Der Spiegel. 29 May 1948.
  10. Leino, Olli (1973). Kuka oli Yrjö Leino [Who was Yrjö Leino?]. Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 9513026523.
  11. "Paasikiven päiväkirjat I, 1944-1948" ("The Diaries of President J.K. Paasiki Vol. I, 1944-1948"), published 1985, Seppo Zetterberg et al., Ed., "Suomen historian pikkujättiläinen" ("The Little Giant of Finnish History"), 2003
  12. Chang, Kenneth (26 May 2012). "First Private Craft Docks With Space Station". The New York Times. New York. p. A12. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  13. Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A320-214 AP-BLD Karachi-Jinnah International Airport (KHI)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  14. "Extreme Weather Kills 21 Runners in Chinese Mountain Ultramarathon". Wall Street Journal. Associated Press. 2021-05-23. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  15. Ewan, Elizabeth; Pipes, Rosemary J.; Rendall, Jane; Reynolds, Sian (2018). Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-47443-627-4.
  16. "Jack Lambert". spartacus-educational.com. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  17. "Dyer, Robert Neal (Bob) (1909–1984)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  18. "Fred Anderson - Career Stats & Summary - Rugby League Project".
  19. "Billy Rayner - Career Stats & Summary - Rugby League Project".
  20. "Erapalli Prasanna profile and biography, stats, records, averages, photos and videos".
  21. "Roger Brown". The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  22. "Cameron (Barbara) Papers". www.oac.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2020-01-07.
  23. "Iva Davies | Biography & History". AllMusic.
  24. "Olin Browne".
  25. "Andrew MAGEE - Players - European Tour".
  26. "Claude CLOSKY". www.beauxartsparis.fr. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  27. "Pat Smullen". www.goracing.ie.
  28. "Edubilla / Global Education Needz. Tihomir Dovramadjiev / born date". 22 May 2022.
  29. "Tarin Bradford - Career Stats & Summary - Rugby League Project".
  30. "Mark O'Meley - Career Stats & Summary - Rugby League Project".
  31. "Novak Djokovic | Overview | ATP Tour | Tennis". ATP Tour. Retrieved 2022-10-19.
  32. "Anna Baryshnikov - Interview Magazine". www.interviewmagazine.com. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  33. "Watch This Face: Samile Bermannelli". www.harpersbazaar.co.uk. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 2020-03-24.
  34. "Meet Femke Huijzer, Dutch Model and Chanel Resort 2017 Breakout". www.vogue.com. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  35. "Rikishi profile- Hoshoryu Tomokatsu". sumo.or.jp. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  36. Bromwich, Jonah Engel (July 9, 2019). "The Evolution of Emma Chamberlain". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 13, 2019. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  37. "Peyton Elizabeth Lee - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  38. Crompton, Samuel Willard (2000). "Washington, Martha Dandridge Custis (1731-1802), first lady". American National Biography. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.0200333. ISBN 978-0-19-860669-7. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  39. (Robert), Serber, R. (1998). Peace & war : reminiscences of a life on the frontiers of science. Crease, Robert P. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 203–204. ISBN 0231105460. OCLC 37631186.
  40. Döring, Linn Katharina (2014). "Erna Scheffler, die erste Juristin am Bundesverfassungsgericht" (PDF). Freilaw (in German). 2014 (3): 49-51 [51].
  41. Majander, Mikko. "FAGERHOLM, Karl-August (1901–1984)". Biografiskt lexikon för Finland (in Swedish). Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  42. "Filipino Film Director Lino Brocka Dies in Car Accident". Associated Press. 22 May 1991. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  43. "American Superbike rider Nicky Hayden hit by car while cycling". USA Today. 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2020-02-28.
  44. "Denise Cronenberg, Costume Designer for 'Dead Ringers' and 'The Incredible Hulk,' Dies at 81". The Hollywood Reporter. 11 June 2020.
  45. "Dervla Murphy obituary". the Guardian. 2022-05-26. Retrieved 2022-06-16.
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  47. Ohanesian, Liz (2011-05-20). "Sunday is World Goth Day! DJ Cruel Britannia and Martin Oldgoth on "Darkly-Inclined Lifestyles" - Los Angeles Music - West Coast Sound". Blogs.laweekly.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31.

External links[]

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