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2021

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  2020 (Thursday)
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  2012 (Monday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".May 21 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 224 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 0293 – Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian appoint Galerius as Caesar to Diocletian, beginning the period of four rulers known as the Tetrarchy.
  • 0878Syracuse, Sicily, is captured by the Muslim Aghlabids after a nine-month siege.
  • 0879Pope John VIII gives blessings to Branimir of Croatia and to the Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of the Croatian state.[1]
  • 0996 – Sixteen-year-old Otto III is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.[2]
  • 1349Dušan's Code, the constitution of the Serbian Empire, is enacted by Dušan the Mighty.
  • 1403Henry III of Castile sends Ruy González de Clavijo as ambassador to Timur to discuss the possibility of an alliance between Timur and Castile against the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1554Queen Mary I grants a royal charter to Derby School, as a grammar school for boys in Derby, England.
  • 1659 – In the Concert of The Hague, the Dutch Republic, the Commonwealth of England and the Kingdom of France set out their views on how the Second Northern War should end.
  • 1660 – The Battle of Long Sault concludes after five days in which French colonial militia, with their Huron and Algonquin allies, are defeated by the Iroquois Confederacy.
  • 1674 – The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
  • 1703Daniel Defoe is imprisoned on charges of seditious libel.[3]
  • 1725 – The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by Empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.
  • 1758 – Ten-year-old Mary Campbell is abducted in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War. She is returned six and a half years later.
  • 1792 – A lava dome collapses on Mount Unzen, near the city of Shimbara on the Japanese island of Kyūshū, creating a deadly tsunami that kills nearly 15,000 people.[4]
  • 1809 – The first day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles and the French army led by Napoleon I of France sees the French attack across the Danube held.
  • 1851Slavery in Colombia is abolished.
  • 1856Lawrence, Kansas is captured and burned by pro-slavery forces.
  • 1863American Civil War: The Union Army succeeds in closing off the last escape route from Port Hudson, Louisiana, in preparation for the coming siege.
  • 1864 – Russia declares an end to the Russo-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ends.
  • 1864 – The Ionian Islands reunite with Greece.
  • 1871 – French troops invade the Paris Commune and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of "Bloody Week", some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested.
  • 1871 – Opening of the first rack railway in Europe, the Rigi Bahnen on Mount Rigi.
  • 1879War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
  • 1881 – The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton in Washington, D.C.
  • 1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal in the United Kingdom is officially opened by Queen Victoria, who later knights its designer Sir Edward Leader Williams.[5]
  • 1904 – The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is founded in Paris.
  • 1911President of Mexico Porfirio Díaz and the revolutionary Francisco Madero sign the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez to put an end to the fighting between the forces of both men, concluding the initial phase of the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1917 – The Imperial War Graves Commission is established through royal charter to mark, record, and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of the British Empire's military forces.[6]
  • 1917 – The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 causes $5.5 million in damages, destroying some 300 acres including 2,000 homes, businesses and churches, displacing about 10,000 people but leading to only one fatality (due to heart attack).
  • 1924University of Chicago students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a "thrill killing".
  • 1927Charles Lindbergh touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1932 – Bad weather forces Amelia Earhart to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, and she thereby becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1934Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens.
  • 1936Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her handbag. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • 1937 – A Soviet station, North Pole-1, becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1939 – The Canadian National War Memorial is unveiled by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1946 – Physicist Louis Slotin is fatally irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1951 – The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition: A gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively known as the New York School.
  • 1961American civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out.
  • 1966 – The Ulster Volunteer Force declares war on the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland.
  • 1969 – Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina, known as Rosariazo, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
  • 1972Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal, the mentally disturbed Hungarian geologist Laszlo Toth.
  • 1976 – Twenty-nine people are killed in the Yuba City bus disaster in Martinez, California.
  • 1979White Night riots in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone and Harvey Milk.
  • 1981 – The Italian government releases the membership list of Propaganda Due, an illegal pseudo-Masonic lodge that was implicated in numerous Italian crimes and mysteries.
  • 1981 – Transamerica Corporation agrees to sell United Artists to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer for $380 million after the box office failure of the 1980 film Heaven's Gate.[7]
  • 1982Falklands War: A British amphibious assault during Operation Sutton leads to the Battle of San Carlos.
  • 1991 – Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras.
  • 1991 – Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
  • 1992 – After 30 seasons Johnny Carson hosted his penultimate episode and last featuring guests (Robin Williams and Bette Midler) of The Tonight Show.
  • 1994 – The Democratic Republic of Yemen unsuccessfully attempts to secede from the Republic of Yemen; a war breaks out.
  • 1996 – The ferry Template:MV sinks in Tanzanian waters on Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1,000.
  • 1998 – In Miami, five abortion clinics are attacked by a butyric acid attacker.
  • 1998 – President Suharto of Indonesia resigns following the killing of students from Trisakti University earlier that week by security forces and growing mass protests in Jakarta against his ongoing corrupt rule.
  • 2001 – French Taubira law is enacted, officially recognizing the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity.
  • 2003 – The 6.8 Template:M Boumerdès earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). More than 2,200 people were killed and a moderate tsunami sank boats at the Balearic Islands.
  • 2005 – The tallest roller coaster in the world, Kingda Ka opens at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro holds a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; 55% of Montenegrins vote for independence.
  • 2010 – JAXA, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, launches the solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS aboard an H-IIA rocket. The vessel would make a Venus flyby late in the year.
  • 2011 – Radio broadcaster Harold Camping predicted that the world would end on this date.
  • 2012 – A bus accident near Himara, Albania kills 13 people and injures 21 others.
  • 2012 – A suicide bombing kills more than 120 people in Sana'a, Yemen.
  • 2017Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus performed their final show at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum.

Births

  • 1471Albrecht Dürer, German painter, engraver, and mathematician (d. 1528)
  • 1497Al-Hattab, Muslim jurist (d. 1547)
  • 1527Philip II of Spain (d. 1598)
  • 1653Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1697)
  • 1688Alexander Pope, English poet, essayist, and translator (d. 1744)
  • 1755Alfred Moore, American lawyer and judge (d. 1810)
  • 1756William Babington, Irish-born, English physician and mineralogist (d. 1833)[8]
  • 1763Joseph Fouché, French lawyer and politician (d. 1820)
  • 1775Lucien Bonaparte, French soldier and politician (d. 1840)
  • 1780Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, philanthropist and Quaker (d. 1845)[9]
  • 1790William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, English politician, Lord Chamberlain of the Household (d. 1858)
  • 1792Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1843)
  • 1799Mary Anning, English paleontologist (d. 1847)[10]
  • 1801Princess Sophie of Sweden, Swedish princess (d. 1865)[11]
  • 1806Harriet Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland, English duchess (d. 1868)[12]
  • 1808David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo, Dutch Talmudist (d. 1890)[13]
  • 1827William P. Sprague, American banker and politician (d. 1899)[14]
  • 1828Rudolf Koller, Swiss painter (d. 1905)[15]
  • 1835František Chvostek, Czech-Austrian physician and academic (d. 1884)
  • 1837Itagaki Taisuke, Japanese soldier and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1843Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss lawyer and politician, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)
  • 1843 – Louis Renault, French jurist, educator, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918)
  • 1844Henri Rousseau, French painter (d. 1910)
  • 1850Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian priest and volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • 1851Léon Bourgeois, French police officer and politician, 64th Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1853Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1856José Batlle y Ordóñez, Uruguayan journalist and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 1929)
  • 1860Willem Einthoven, Indonesian-Dutch physician, physiologist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927)
  • 1861Abel Ayerza, Argentinian physician and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1863Archduke Eugen of Austria (d. 1954)
  • 1864Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
  • 1873Hans Berger, German neurologist and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1878Glenn Curtiss, American cyclist and engineer (d. 1930)
  • 1880Tudor Arghezi, Romanian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1967)
  • 1884Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet and publisher (d. 1920)
  • 1885Princess Sophie of Albania, (Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg) (d. 1936)
  • 1893Arthur Carr, English cricketer (d. 1963)[16]
  • 1893 – Giles Chippindall, Australian public servant (d. 1969)[17]
  • 1895Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general, president (1934–1940) and father of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas (d. 1970)[18]
  • 1898Armand Hammer, American physician and businessman, founded Occidental Petroleum (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and judge (d. 1967)
  • 1898 – Carl Johnson, American long jumper (d. 1932)
  • 1898 – John McLaughlin, American painter and translator (d. 1976)
  • 1901Regina M. Anderson, Multiracial playwright and librarian (d. 1993)[19]
  • 1901 – Horace Heidt, American pianist, bandleader, and radio host (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Sam Jaffe, American film producer and agent (d. 2000)
  • 1901 – Suzanne Lilar, Belgian author and playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1902Earl Averill, American baseball player (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – Marcel Breuer, Hungarian-American architect and academic, designed the Ameritrust Tower (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1903Manly Wade Wellman, American author (d. 1986)
  • 1904Robert Montgomery, American actor and director (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Fats Waller, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1943)
  • 1907John C. Allen, American roller coaster designer (d. 1979)
  • 1912Chen Dayu, Chinese painter and calligrapher (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1912 – Monty Stratton, American baseball player and coach (d. 1982)
  • 1913Gina Bachauer, Greek pianist and composer (d. 1976)
  • 1915Cathleen Cordell, American actress (d. 1997)[20]
  • 1915 – Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan, Indian Civil Service Officer and former Under Secretary-General of the UN (d. 2003)
  • 1916Dennis Day, American singer and actor (d. 1988)
  • 1916 – Tinus Osendarp, Dutch sprinter and police officer (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Harold Robbins, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1917Raymond Burr, Canadian-American actor and director (d. 1993)
  • 1918Anthony Steel, English actor and singer (d. 2001)[21]
  • 1919George P. Mitchell, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1920Bill Barber, American tuba player and educator (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Forrest White, American businessman, co-founded the Music Man Company (d. 1994)[22]
  • 1921Sandy Douglas, English computer scientist and academic, designed OXO (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1923Vernon Biever, American photographer (d. 2010)[23]
  • 1923 – Armand Borel, Swiss-American mathematician and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Ara Parseghian, American football player and coach (d. 2017)
  • 1923 – Dorothy Hewett, Australian feminist poet, novelist and playwright (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Evelyn Ward, American actress (d. 2012)
  • 1924Peggy Cass, American actress, comedian, and game show panelist (d. 1999)[24]
  • 1926Robert Creeley, American novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1927Kay Kendall, English actress and comedian (d. 1959)
  • 1927 – Péter Zwack, Hungarian businessman and diplomat (d. 2012)[25]
  • 1928Tom Donahue, American radio host and producer (d. 1975)[26]
  • 1928 – Alice Drummond, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1929Larance Marable, American drummer (d. 2012)[27]
  • 1929 – Robert Welch, English silversmith and industrial designer (d. 2000)
  • 1930Tommy Bryant, American bassist (d. 1982)[28]
  • 1930 – Keith Davis, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Malcolm Fraser, Australian politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2015)
  • 1932Inese Jaunzeme, Latvian javelin thrower and surgeon (d. 2011)
  • 1932 – Leonidas Vasilikopoulos, Greek admiral and intelligence chief (d. 2014)[29]
  • 1933Maurice André, French trumpet player (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Minayev, Russian weightlifter (d. 1993)
  • 1934Jocasta Innes, Chinese-English journalist and author (d. 2013)[30]
  • 1934 – Bob Northern, American horn player and bandleader
  • 1934 – Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1935Terry Lightfoot, English clarinet player and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1936Günter Blobel, Polish-American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1938Lee "Shot" Williams, American singer (d. 2011)[31]
  • 1939Heinz Holliger, Swiss oboist, composer, and conductor
  • 1940Tony Sheridan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1941Martin Carthy, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1941 – Bobby Cox, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Ambrose Greenway, 4th Baron Greenway, English photographer and politician
  • 1941 – Ronald Isley, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1942David Hunt, Baron Hunt of Wirral, English politician, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1942 – John Konrads, Australian swimmer
  • 1942 – Danny Ongais, American race car driver
  • 1943Vincent Crane, English pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1943 – John Dalton, English bass player
  • 1943 – Hilton Valentine, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944Haleh Afshar, Baroness Afshar, Iranian-English academic and politician
  • 1944 – Marcie Blane, American singer[32]
  • 1944 – Janet Dailey, American author and entrepreneur (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Mary Robinson, Irish lawyer and politician, 7th President of Ireland
  • 1945Ernst Messerschmid, German physicist and astronaut
  • 1945 – Richard Hatch, American actor, writer, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1946Allan McKeown, English-American screenwriter and producer (d. 2013)[33]
  • 1946 – Wayne Roycroft, Australian equestrian rider and coach
  • 1947Bill Champlin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Linda Laubenstein, American physician and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – İlber Ortaylı, Turkish historian and academic
  • 1948Elizabeth Buchan, English author and critic
  • 1948 – Joe Camilleri, Maltese-Australian singer-songwriter and saxophonist
  • 1948 – Jonathan Hyde, Australian-English actor
  • 1948 – Denis MacShane, Scottish journalist and politician, UK Minister of State for Europe
  • 1948 – Leo Sayer, English-Australian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1949Andrew Neil, Scottish journalist and academic
  • 1949 – Denis O'Connor, British police officer[34]
  • 1949 – Rosalind Plowright, English soprano
  • 1950Will Hutton, English economist and journalist
  • 1951Al Franken, American actor, screenwriter, and politician
  • 1951 – Adrian Hardiman, Irish lawyer and judge (d. 2016)
  • 1952Mr. T, American actor and wrestler
  • 1953Nora Aunor, Filipino actress and recording artist
  • 1954D. B. S. Jeyaraj, Sri Lankan-Canadian journalist and blogger[35]
  • 1954 – Janice Karman, American film producer, record producer, singer, and voice actress[36]
  • 1954 – Marc Ribot, American guitarist and composer
  • 1955Paul Barber, English field hockey player
  • 1955 – Stan Lynch, American drummer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1957James Bailey, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Nadine Dorries, English nurse and politician
  • 1957 – Judge Reinhold, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress
  • 1958Christian Audigier, French fashion designer (d. 2015)
  • 1958 – Muffy Calder, Canadian-Scottish computer scientist and academic[37]
  • 1958 – Michael Crick, English journalist and author[38]
  • 1958 – Naeem Khan, Indian-American fashion designer
  • 1958 – Jefery Levy, American director, producer, and screenwriter[39]
  • 1959Nick Cassavetes, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Abdulla Yameen, Maldivian politician, 6th President of the Maldives[40]
  • 1960Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1960 – Kent Hrbek, American baseball player and sportscaster[41]
  • 1960 – Mohanlal, Indian actor
  • 1960 – Mark Ridgway, Australian cricketer
  • 1960 – Vladimir Salnikov, Russian swimmer
  • 1962David Crumb, American composer and educator
  • 1963Richard Appel, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1963 – Patrick Grant, American musician and producer
  • 1963 – David Lonsdale, English actor[42]
  • 1964 – Pete Sandoval, Salvadoran-American drummer[43]
  • 1963 – Kevin Shields, American-Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer[44]
  • 1963 – Dave Specter, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Laurie Spina, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1964Danny Bailey, English footballer and coach[45]
  • 1965Josh Richman, American actor and producer[46]
  • 1966Lisa Edelstein, American actress and playwright
  • 1966 – Tatyana Ledovskaya, Belarusian hurdler
  • 1967Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1968Ilmar Raag, Estonian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Matthias Ungemach, German-Australian rower
  • 1968 – Julie Vega, Filipino actress and singer (d. 1985)
  • 1969Pierluigi Brivio, Italian footballer[47]
  • 1969 – Georgiy Gongadze, Georgian-Ukrainian journalist and director (d. 2000)
  • 1969 – Masayo Kurata, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1969 – George LeMieux, American lawyer and politician
  • 1969 – Brian Statham, Rhodesian born English footballer, defender and manager[48]
  • 1970Brigita Bukovec, Slovenian hurdler
  • 1970 – Dorsey Levens, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Pauline Menczer, Australian surfer
  • 1970 – Carl Veart, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1972The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (d. 1997)
  • 1973Stewart Cink, American golfer
  • 1973 – Noel Fielding, English comedian, musician and television presenter
  • 1974Brad Arthur, Australian rugby league coach
  • 1974 – Fairuza Balk, American actress
  • 1974 – Aditi Gowitrikar, Indian model, actress, and physician, Mrs. World 2001[49]
  • 1974 – Havoc, American rapper and producer
  • 1975Anthony Mundine, Australian rugby league player and boxer
  • 1976Stuart Bingham, English snooker player
  • 1976 – Abderrahim Goumri, Moroccan runner (d. 2013)[50]
  • 1976 – Deron Miller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist[51]
  • 1977Quinton Fortune, South African international footballer midfielder and coach[52]
  • 1977 – Michael Fuß, German footballer[53]
  • 1977 – Ricky Williams, American football player and coach[54]
  • 1978Max B, American rapper and songwriter[55]
  • 1978 – Briana Banks, German-American porn actress and model[56]
  • 1978 – Jamaal Magloire, Canadian basketball player and coach
  • 1979Damián Ariel Álvarez, Argentinian-Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Jamie Hepburn, Scottish politician, Minister for Sport, Health Improvement and Mental Health
  • 1979 – James Clancy Phelan, Australian author and academic
  • 1979 – Scott Smith, American mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Sonja Vectomov, Czech musician/composer
  • 1980Gotye, Belgian-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981Craig Anderson, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Edson Buddle, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Josh Hamilton, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Maximilian Mutzke, German singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Anna Rogowska, Polish pole vaulter
  • 1983Līga Dekmeijere, Latvian tennis player[57]
  • 1983 – Deidson Araújo Maia, Brazilian footballer[58]
  • 1983 – Kaori Shimizu, Japanese voice actress and singer[59]
  • 1984Brandon Fields, American football player[60]
  • 1984 – Sara Goller, German volleyball player[61]
  • 1984 – Syamsul Yusof, Malaysian actor, film director, scriptwriter, film producer, rapper and singer[62]
  • 1985Mutya Buena, English singer-songwriter[63]
  • 1985 – Alison Carroll, English gymnast, model, and actress [64]
  • 1985 – Mark Cavendish, Manx cyclist
  • 1985 – Alexander Dale Oen, Norwegian swimmer (d. 2012)
  • 1985 – Isa Guha, English cricketer
  • 1985 – Lucie Hradecká, Czech tennis player
  • 1985 – Kano, English rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1985 – Dušan Kuciak, Slovak footballer
  • 1985 – Heath L'Estrange, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Andrew Miller, American baseball player
  • 1986Mario Mandžukić, Croatian footballer
  • 1986 – Myra, American singer and actress[65]
  • 1986 – Eder Sánchez, Mexican race walker
  • 1986 – Park Sojin, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1986 – Greg Stewart, Canadian ice hockey player[66]
  • 1987Beau Falloon, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988Claire Cashmore, English Paralympic swimmer[67]
  • 1988 – Park Gyu-ri, South Korean singer
  • 1988 – Jonny Howson, English footballer
  • 1988 – Kaire Leibak, Estonian triple jumper[68]
  • 1989Emily Robins, New Zealand actress and singer
  • 1989 – Hal Robson-Kanu, English footballer
  • 1990Kierre Beckles, Barbadian athlete[69]
  • 1990 – Rene Krhin, Slovenian footballer
  • 1991Guilherme, Brazilian footballer
  • 1992Hutch Dano, American actor
  • 1992 – Lisa Evans, Scottish footballer[70]
  • 1992 – Philipp Grüneberg, German footballer[71]
  • 1992 – Olivia Olson, American singer and actress
  • 1993Grete Gaim, Estonian biathlete[72]
  • 1993 – Luke Garbutt, English footballer, left-back[73]
  • 1994Tom Daley, English diver[74]
  • 1995Katharina Andresen, Norwegian heiress and equestrian[75]
  • 1995 – Diego Loyzaga, Filipino actor[76]
  • 1996Josh Allen, American footballer
  • 1996 – Indy de Vroome, Dutch tennis player
  • 1996 – Karen Khachanov, Russian tennis player[77]
  • 1997Ivan De Santis, Italian footballer
  • 1997 – Sisca Folkertsma, Dutch footballer
  • 1997 – Viktoria Petryk, Ukrainian singer-songwriter

Deaths

  • 252Sun Quan, Chinese emperor of Eastern Wu (b. 182)
  • 954Feng Dao, Chinese prince and chancellor (b. 882)
  • 987Louis V, king of West Francia (b. c. 966)
  • 1075Richeza of Poland, queen of Hungary (b. 1013)
  • 1086Wang Anshi, Chinese statesman and poet (b. 1021)
  • 1237Olaf the Black, Manx son of Godred II Olafsson[78]
  • 1254Conrad IV, king of Germany (b. 1228)[79]
  • 1416Anna of Celje, queen consort of Poland (b. 1386)
  • 1471Henry VI, king of England (b. 1421)
  • 1481Christian I, king of Denmark (b. 1426)
  • 1512Pandolfo Petrucci, Italian ruler (b. 1452)
  • 1524Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English soldier and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1443)
  • 1542Hernando de Soto, Spanish-American explorer (b. 1496)
  • 1563Martynas Mažvydas, Lithuanian writer (b. 1510)
  • 1607John Rainolds, English scholar and academic (b. 1549)
  • 1619Hieronymus Fabricius, Italian anatomist (b. 1537)
  • 1639Tommaso Campanella, Italian astrologer, theologian, and poet (b. 1568)
  • 1647Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1581)
  • 1650James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, Scottish general and politician (b. 1612)
  • 1664Elizabeth Poole, English settler, founded Taunton, Massachusetts (b. 1588)
  • 1670Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer and physicist (b. 1586)
  • 1686Otto von Guericke, German physicist and inventor of the Magdeburg Hemispheres (b. 1602)
  • 1690John Eliot, English-American minister and missionary (b. 1604)
  • 1719Pierre Poiret, French mystic and philosopher (b. 1646)
  • 1724Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)
  • 1742Lars Roberg, Swedish physician and academic (b. 1664)
  • 1762Alexander Joseph Sulkowski, Polish and Saxon general (b. 1695)
  • 1771Christopher Smart, English actor, playwright, and poet (b. 1722)
  • 1786Carl Wilhelm Scheele, German-Swedish chemist and pharmacist (b. 1742)
  • 1790Thomas Warton, English poet and critic (b. 1728)
  • 1810Chevalier d'Eon, French diplomat and spy (b. 1728)
  • 1844Giuseppe Baini, Italian priest and composer (b. 1775)
  • 1858José de la Riva Agüero, Peruvian soldier and politician, 1st President of Peru and 2nd President of North Peru (b. 1783)[80]
  • 1862John Drew, Irish-American actor and manager (b. 1827)
  • 1879Arturo Prat, Chilean lawyer and commander (b. 1848)
  • 1894Émile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872)
  • 1894 – August Kundt, German physicist and academic (b. 1839)
  • 1895Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1819)
  • 1901Joseph Olivier, French rugby player (b. 1874)
  • 1911Williamina Fleming, Scottish-American astronomer and academic (b. 1857)
  • 1915Leonid Gobyato, Russian general and engineer (b. 1875)
  • 1919Evgraf Fedorov, Russian mathematician, crystallographer, and mineralogist (b. 1853)
  • 1920Venustiano Carranza, Mexican politician, 54th President of Mexico (b. 1859)
  • 1925Hidesaburō Ueno, Japanese agriculturalist, guardian of Hachikō (b. 1871)
  • 1926Ronald Firbank, English-Italian author (b. 1886)
  • 1929Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1847)
  • 1932Marcel Boulenger, French fencer and author (b. 1873)
  • 1935Jane Addams, American activist and author, co-founded Hull House, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1935 – Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist and geneticist (b. 1848)
  • 1940Billy Minter, English footballer and manager (b. 1888)
  • 1949Klaus Mann, German-American novelist, playwright, and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1952John Garfield, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1956Harry Bensley, English businessman and adventurer (b. 1877)
  • 1957Alexander Vertinsky, Ukrainian-Russian singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (b. 1889)
  • 1964James Franck, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1965Marguerite Bise, French chef (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Geoffrey de Havilland, English pilot and engineer, designed the de Havilland Mosquito (b. 1882)
  • 1968Doris Lloyd, English actress (b. 1896)
  • 1970E. L. Grant Watson, English-Australian biologist and author (b. 1885)
  • 1973Vaughn Monroe, American singer, trumpet player, bandleader, and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – Ivan Konev, Soviet Marshal and general (b. 1897)
  • 1981Raymond McCreesh, PIRA volunteer (b. 1957)
  • 1981 – Patsy O'Hara, INLA volunteer (b. 1957)
  • 1983Kenneth Clark, English historian and author (b. 1903)
  • 1984Ann Little, American actress (b. 1891)[81]
  • 1988Sammy Davis Sr., American actor and dancer (b. 1900)
  • 1991Lino Brocka, Filipino director and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1991 – Rajiv Gandhi, Indian politician, 6th Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)
  • 1995Les Aspin, American captain and politician, 18th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1938)
  • 1996Paul Delph, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1957)
  • 1996 – Lash LaRue, American actor and producer (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Villem Raam, Estonian art historian, art critic and conservator (b. 1910)
  • 1998Robert Gist, American actor and director (b. 1917)
  • 2000Barbara Cartland, English author (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – John Gielgud, English actor (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Mark R. Hughes, American businessman, founded Herbalife (b. 1956)
  • 2002Niki de Saint Phalle, French-American sculptor and painter (b. 1930)
  • 2003Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentinian-Italian race car driver and businessman, founded De Tomaso (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Frank D. White, American captain, banker, and politician, 41st Governor of Arkansas (b. 1933)
  • 2005Deborah Berger, American outsider artist (b. 1956)[82]
  • 2005 – Stephen Elliott, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Howard Morris, American actor and director (b. 1919)
  • 2006Spencer Clark, American race car driver (b. 1987)
  • 2006 – Katherine Dunham, American dancer, choreographer, and author (b. 1909)
  • 2006 – Cherd Songsri, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Billy Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1929)
  • 2012Eddie Blazonczyk, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)[83]
  • 2012 – Otis Clark, American butler and preacher, survivor of the Tulsa race riot (b. 1903)[84]
  • 2012 – Constantine of Irinoupolis, Metropolitan of Irinoupolis and Primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Roman Dumbadze, Georgian commander (b. 1964)[85]
  • 2012 – Douglas Rodríguez, Cuban boxer (b. 1950)[86]
  • 2012 – Bill Stewart, American football player and coach (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Alan Thorne, Australian anthropologist and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2013Count Christian of Rosenborg, member of the Danish royal family (b. 1942)[87]
  • 2013 – Frank Comstock, American trombonist, composer, and conductor (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Cot Deal, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Mohammad Khaled Hossain, Bangladeshi mountaineer (b. 1979)[88]
  • 2013 – Leonard Marsh, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Bob Thompson, American pianist and composer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Dominique Venner, French journalist and historian (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – David Voelker, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1953)
  • 2014Tunku Annuar, Malaysian son of Badlishah of Kedah (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Evelyn Blackmon, American businesswoman and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Johnny Gray, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Jaime Lusinchi, Venezuelan physician and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Alireza Soleimani, Iranian wrestler (b. 1956)[89]
  • 2015Annarita Sidoti, Italian race walker (b. 1969)[90]
  • 2015 – Twinkle, English singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Jassem Al-Kharafi, Kuwaiti businessman and politician, 8th Kuwaiti Speaker of the National Assembly (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Fred Gladding, American baseball player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Louis Johnson, American bass player and producer (b. 1955)
  • 2016Nick Menza, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1964)
  • 2019Rik Kuypers, Belgian film director (b. 1925)[91]
  • 2019 – Binyavanga Wainaina, Kenyan writer (b. 1971)[92]
  • 2020Alan Merten, fifth President of George Mason University (b. 1941) [93]

Holidays and observances

  • Afro-Colombian Day (Colombia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Arcangelo Tadini
    • Blessed Adílio Daronch and Manuel Gómez González
    • Blessed Franz Jägerstätter
    • Earliest day on which Corpus Christi can fall, while June 24 is the latest; held on Thursday after Trinity Sunday (often locally moved to Sunday). (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Emperor Constantine I
    • Eugène de Mazenod
    • Helena of Constantinople, also known as "Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal-to-the-Apostles." (Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion)
    • John Elliot (Episcopal Church)
    • Saints of the Cristero War, including Christopher Magallanes
    • May 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Circassian Day of Mourning (Circassians)
  • Day of Patriots and Military (Hungary)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the Montenegrin independence referendum in 2006, celebrated until the next day. (Montenegro)
  • Navy Day (Chile)
  • Saint Helena Day, celebrates the discovery of Saint Helena in 1502. (Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha)
  • World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development (International)
  • International Tea Day (International)

References

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  92. "Binyavanga Wainaina, 1971–2019, RIP", Johannesburg Review of Books, May 22, 2019.
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External links

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