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2021

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  2021 (Thursday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Monday)
  2018 (Sunday)
  2017 (Saturday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Wednesday)
  2014 (Tuesday)
  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Sunday)

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Events

  • 325 – The First Council of Nicaea is formally opened, starting the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church.[1]
  • 491 – Empress Ariadne marries Anastasius I. The widowed Augusta is able to choose her successor for the Byzantine throne, after Zeno (late emperor) dies of dysentery.
  • 685 – The Battle of Dun Nechtain is fought between a Pictish army under King Bridei III and the invading Northumbrians under King Ecgfrith, who are decisively defeated.
  • 794 – While visiting the royal Mercian court at Sutton Walls with a view to marrying princess Ælfthryth, King Æthelberht II of East Anglia is taken captive and beheaded.[2]
  • 1217 – The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke.
  • 1293 – King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Estudio de Escuelas de Generales in Alcalá de Henares.
  • 1449 – The Battle of Alfarrobeira is fought, establishing the House of Braganza as a principal royal family of Portugal.
  • 1497John Cabot sets sail from Bristol, England, on his ship Template:Ship looking for a route to the west (other documents give a May 2 date).
  • 1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discovers the sea route to India when he arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India.[3]
  • 1521Ignatius of Loyola is seriously wounded in the Battle of Pampeluna.
  • 1570Cartographer Abraham Ortelius issues Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern atlas.
  • 1609Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.[4]
  • 1631 – The city of Magdeburg in Germany is seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire and most of its inhabitants massacred, in one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1645Yangzhou massacre: The ten day massacre of 800,000 residents of the city of Yangzhou, part of the Transition from Ming to Qing.[5]
  • 1741 – The Battle of Cartagena de Indias ends in a Spanish victory and the British begin withdrawal towards Jamaica with substantial losses.
  • 1775 – The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence is allegedly signed in Charlotte, North Carolina.
  • 1802 – By the Law of 20 May 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte reinstates slavery in the French colonies, revoking its abolition in the French Revolution.
  • 1813 – Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.
  • 1840York Minster is badly damaged by fire.
  • 1861American Civil War: The state of Kentucky proclaims its neutrality, which will last until September 3 when Confederate forces enter the state. Meanwhile, the State of North Carolina secedes from the Union.
  • 1862 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law, opening 84 million acres of public land to settlers.[6]
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Ware Bottom Church: In the Virginia Bermuda Hundred campaign, 10,000 troops fight in this Confederate victory.
  • 1873Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets.[7]
  • 1875 – Signing of the Metre Convention by 17 nations leading to the establishment of the International System of Units.
  • 1882 – The Triple Alliance between the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Italy is formed.
  • 1883Krakatoa begins to erupt; the volcano explodes three months later, killing more than 36,000 people.
  • 1891History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope.
  • 1902Cuba gains independence from the United States. Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the country's first President.
  • 1927Treaty of Jeddah: The United Kingdom recognizes the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merge to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1932Amelia Earhart takes off from Newfoundland to begin the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot, landing in Ireland the next day.
  • 1940The Holocaust: The first prisoners arrive at a new concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Crete: German paratroops invade Crete.
  • 1948 – Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek wins the 1948 Republic of China presidential election and is sworn in as the first President of the Republic of China at Nanjing.
  • 1949 – In the United States, the Armed Forces Security Agency, the predecessor to the National Security Agency, is established.
  • 1956 – In Operation Redwing, the first United States airborne hydrogen bomb is dropped over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1964Discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation by Robert Woodrow Wilson and Arno Penzias.
  • 1967 – The Popular Movement of the Revolution political party is established in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1969 – The Battle of Hamburger Hill in Vietnam ends.
  • 1971 – In the Chuknagar massacre, Pakistani forces massacre thousands, mostly Bengali Hindus.
  • 1980 – In a referendum in Quebec, the population rejects, by 60% of the vote, a government proposal to move towards independence from Canada.
  • 1983 – First publications of the discovery of the HIV virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science by Luc Montagnier.
  • 1983 – Church Street bombing: A car bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe explodes on Church Street in South Africa's capital, Pretoria, killing 19 people and injuring 217 others.
  • 1985Radio Martí, part of the Voice of America service, begins broadcasting to Cuba.
  • 1989 – The Chinese authorities declare martial law in the face of pro-democracy demonstrations, setting the scene for the Tiananmen Square massacre.
  • 1990 – The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.
  • 1996Civil rights: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Romer v. Evans against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.[8]
  • 2002 – The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and three years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself is the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).
  • 2012 – At least 27 people are killed and 50 others injured when a 6.0-magnitude earthquake strikes northern Italy.
  • 2013 – An EF5 tornado strikes the Oklahoma City suburb of Moore, killing 24 people and injuring 377 others.
  • 2019 – The International System of Units (SI): The base units are redefined, making the international prototype of the kilogram obsolete.

Births

  • 1315Bonne of Luxembourg, first wife of John II of France (d. 1349)
  • 1470Pietro Bembo, Italian cardinal, poet, and scholar (d. 1547)
  • 1505Levinus Lemnius, Dutch writer (d. 1568)
  • 1531Thado Minsaw of Ava, Viceroy of Ava (d. 1584)
  • 1537Hieronymus Fabricius, Italian anatomist (d. 1619)
  • 1575Robert Heath, English judge and politician (d. 1649)
  • 1664Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor and architect (d. 1714)
  • 1726Francis Cotes, English painter and academic (d. 1770)
  • 1743Toussaint Louverture, Haitian revolutionary, general, and president (d. 1803)
  • 1759William Thornton, Virgin Islander-American architect, designed the United States Capitol (d. 1828)
  • 1769Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1835)
  • 1772Sir William Congreve, 2nd Baronet, English inventor and politician, developed Congreve rockets (d. 1828)
  • 1776Simon Fraser, American-Canadian fur trader and explorer (d. 1862)
  • 1795Pedro María de Anaya, Mexican soldier. President (1847-1848) (d. 1854)[9]
  • 1799Honoré de Balzac, French novelist and playwright (d. 1850)
  • 1806John Stuart Mill, English economist, civil servant, and philosopher (d. 1873)
  • 1811Alfred Domett, English-New Zealand poet and politician, 4th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1887)
  • 1818William Fargo, American businessman and politician, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1881)
  • 1822Frédéric Passy, French economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1912)
  • 1824Cadmus M. Wilcox, Confederate States Army general (d. 1890)
  • 1825Antoinette Brown Blackwell, the first woman to be ordained as a mainstream Protestant minister in the U.S. (d. 1921)
  • 1830Hector Malot, French author (d. 1907)
  • 1838Jules Méline, French lawyer and politician, 65th Prime Minister of France (d. 1925)
  • 1851Emile Berliner, German-American inventor, invented the Gramophone record (d. 1929)
  • 1854George Prendergast, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Victoria (d. 1937)
  • 1856Henri-Edmond Cross, French Neo-Impressionist painter (d. 1910)
  • 1860Eduard Buchner, German chemist, zymologist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1875Hendrik Offerhaus, Dutch rower (d. 1953)
  • 1877Pat Leahy, Irish-American jumper (d. 1927)
  • 1879Hans Meerwein, German chemist (d. 1965)
  • 1882Sigrid Undset, Danish-Norwegian novelist, essayist, and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1883Faisal I of Iraq (d. 1933)
  • 1886Ali Sami Yen, Turkish footballer and manager, founded the Galatasaray Sports Club (d. 1951)
  • 1894Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian guru and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1895R. J. Mitchell, English engineer, designed the Supermarine Spitfire and Supermarine S.6B (d. 1937)
  • 1897Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish economist and author (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Malcolm Nokes, English hammer and discus thrower (d. 1986)
  • 1898Eduard Ole, Estonian painter (d. 1995)
  • 1899Aleksandr Deyneka, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – John Marshall Harlan II, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1971)
  • 1900Sumitranandan Pant, Indian poet and author (d. 1977)
  • 1901Max Euwe, Dutch chess player, mathematician, and author (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Doris Fleeson, American journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1904Margery Allingham, English author of detective fiction (d. 1966)
  • 1906Giuseppe Siri, Italian cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1907Carl Mydans, American photographer and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1908Henry Bolte, Australian politician, 38th Premier of Victoria (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Louis Daquin, French actor and director (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Francis Raymond Fosberg, American botanist and author (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – James Stewart, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1911Gardner Fox, American author (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Annie M. G. Schmidt, Dutch author and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1913Teodoro Fernández, Peruvian footballer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – William Redington Hewlett, American engineer, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 2001)
  • 1915Peter Copley, English actor (d. 2008)
  • 1915 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general and politician, 5th Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Joff Ellen, Australian comedian and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1916Owen Chadwick, English rugby player, historian, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1916 – Alexey Maresyev, Russian soldier and pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Ondina Valla, Italian sprinter and hurdler (d. 2006)
  • 1917Tony Cliff, Israeli-English author and activist (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Guy Favreau, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 28th Canadian Minister of Justice (d. 1967)
  • 1918Alexandra Boyko, Russian tank commander (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Edward B. Lewis, American biologist, geneticist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1919George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
  • 1920John Cruickshank, Scottish lieutenant and banker, Victoria Cross recipient
  • 1921Wolfgang Borchert, German author and playwright (d. 1947)
  • 1921 – Hal Newhouser, American baseball player and scout (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Hao Wang, Chinese-American logician, philosopher, and mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1922Ted Hinton, Northern Irish international footballer (d. 1988)[10]
  • 1923Edith Fellows, American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1923 – Sam Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (d. 1994)[11]
  • 1924David Chavchavadze, English-American CIA officer and author (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan journalist and politician (d. 1976)
  • 1925Alexei Tupolev, Russian engineer, designed the Tupolev Tu-144 (d. 2001)
  • 1926Bob Sweikert, American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1927Bud Grant, American football player and coach
  • 1927 – David Hedison, American actor (d. 2019)
  • 1927 – Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (d. 2016)
  • 1929Gilles Loiselle, Canadian politician and diplomat, 33rd Canadian Minister of Finance
  • 1930Sam Etcheverry, American football player and coach (d. 2009)
  • 1931Ken Boyer, American baseball player and manager (d. 1982)
  • 1931 – Louis Smith, American trumpeter (d. 2016)
  • 1933Constance Towers, American actress and singer
  • 1935José Mujica, Uruguayan guerrilla leader and politician, 40th President of Uruguay
  • 1936Anthony Zerbe, American actor
  • 1937Dave Hill, American golfer (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Derek Lampe, English footballer[12]
  • 1939Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1940Shorty Long, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1969)
  • 1940 – Stan Mikita, Slovak-Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster (d. 2018)
  • 1940 – Sadaharu Oh, Japanese-Taiwanese baseball player and manager
  • 1941Goh Chok Tong, Singaporean politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Singapore
  • 1941 – John Strasberg, American actor and teacher
  • 1942Raymond Chrétien, Canadian lawyer and diplomat, Canadian Ambassador to the United States
  • 1942 – Lynn Davies, Welsh sprinter and long jumper
  • 1942 – Carlos Hathcock, American sergeant and sniper (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Frew McMillan, South African tennis player
  • 1943Albano Carrisi, Italian singer, actor, and winemaker
  • 1943 – Deryck Murray, Trinidadian cricketer
  • 1944Joe Cocker, English singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Boudewijn de Groot, Indonesian-Dutch singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Keith Fletcher, English cricketer and manager
  • 1944 – Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman, co-founded Red Bull GmbH
  • 1945Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian intelligence officer
  • 1946Cher, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1946 – Bobby Murcer, American baseball player, coach, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2008)
  • 1947Steve Currie, English bass player (d. 1981)
  • 1947 – Greg Dyke, English journalist and academic
  • 1949Robert Morin, Canadian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Michèle Roberts, English author and poet
  • 1949 – Dave Thomas, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950Andy Johns, English-American engineer and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1950 – Reinaldo Merlo, Argentinian footballer and coach
  • 1950 – Jane Parker-Smith, English organist (d. 2020)[13]
  • 1951Thomas Akers, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1951 – Christie Blatchford, Canadian newspaper columnist, journalist and broadcaster (d. 2020)[14]
  • 1951 – Mike Crapo, American lawyer and politician
  • 1952Roger Milla, Cameroonian footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Michael Wills, English politician, British Minister of Justice
  • 1953Robert Doyle, Australian educator and politician, 103rd Lord Mayor of Melbourne
  • 1954David Paterson, American lawyer and politician, 55th Governor of New York
  • 1954 – Colin Sutherland, Lord Carloway, Scottish lawyer and judge
  • 1955Steve George, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1955 – Zbigniew Preisner, Polish composer and producer
  • 1956Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian-German author and critic
  • 1956 – Gerry Peyton, English born Irish international footballer and coach[15]
  • 1956 – Douglas Preston, American journalist and author
  • 1957Yoshihiko Noda, Japanese lawyer and politician, 62nd Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1958Ron Reagan, American journalist and radio host
  • 1958 – Jane Wiedlin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1959Susan Cowsill, American singer-songwriter
  • 1960Tony Goldwyn, American actor and director
  • 1961Clive Allen, English international footballer and manager[16]
  • 1961 – Nick Heyward, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963David Wells, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1964Kōichirō Genba, Japanese politician, 80th Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • 1964 – Edin Osmanović, Slovenian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1964 – Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, English journalist and author
  • 1965Ted Allen, American television host and author
  • 1965 – Stu Grimson, Canadian ice hockey player, sportscaster, and lawyer
  • 1966Dan Abrams, American journalist and author
  • 1967Graham Brady, English politician
  • 1967 – Gabriele Muccino, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968Timothy Olyphant, American actor and producer
  • 1969Road Dogg, American wrestler, producer, and soldier
  • 1970Terrell Brandon, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Louis Theroux, Singaporean-English journalist and producer
  • 1971Šárka Kašpárková, Czech triple jumper and coach
  • 1971 – Tony Stewart, American race car driver
  • 1972Michael Diamond, Australian shooter
  • 1972 – Christophe Dominici, French rugby player
  • 1972 – Busta Rhymes, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1973Nathan Long, Australian rugby league player
  • 1974Allison Amend, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1974 – Shiboprosad Mukherjee, Indian film director, writer and actor
  • 1975Juan Minujín, Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1976Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan-American baseball player
  • 1976 – Tomoya Satozaki, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977Matt Czuchry, American actor
  • 1977 – Leo Franco, Argentinian footballer
  • 1977 – Angela Goethals, American actress
  • 1977 – Stirling Mortlock, Australian rugby player
  • 1977 – Vesa Toskala, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1978Hristos Banikas, Greek chess player
  • 1978 – Pavla Hamáčková-Rybová, Czech pole vaulter
  • 1978 – Nils Schumann, German runner
  • 1979Andrew Scheer, Canadian politician, 28th Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada
  • 1979 – Jayson Werth, American baseball player
  • 1980Austin Kearns, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Kassim Osgood, American football player
  • 1981Iker Casillas, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Rachel Platten, American singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Lindsay Taylor, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Mark Winterbottom, Australian race car driver
  • 1982Petr Čech, Czech footballer
  • 1982 – Imran Farhat, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1982 – Jessica Raine, English actress
  • 1982 – Daniel Ribeiro, Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1983Óscar Cardozo, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Langridge, English rower
  • 1984Mauro Rafael da Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Patrick Ewing, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1984 – Keith Grennan, American football player
  • 1985Chris Froome, Kenyan-English cyclist
  • 1985 – Brendon Goddard, Australian footballer[17]
  • 1986Dexter Blackstock, English footballer[18]
  • 1986 – Stéphane Mbia, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1986 – Jiřina Svobodová, Czech pole vaulter
  • 1987Mike Havenaar, Japanese footballer
  • 1987 – Julian Wright, American basketball player
  • 1988Joel Moon, Australian rugby league player[19]
  • 1989Siosia Vave, Australian-Tongan rugby league player
  • 1991Bastian Baker, Swiss singer, songwriter, and performer
  • 1991 – Emre Colak, Turkish footballer
  • 1992Cate Campbell, Malawian-Australian swimmer
  • 1992 – Jack Gleeson, Irish actor
  • 1992 – Enes Kanter, Turkish basketball player
  • 1993Caroline Zhang, American figure skater[20]
  • 1996Brian Kelly, Australian rugby league player
  • 1998Jamie Chadwick, English race car driver
  • 1998 – Nam Nguyen, Canadian figure skater

Deaths

  • 685Ecgfrith of Northumbria (b. 645)
  • 794Æthelberht II, king of East Anglia
  • 965Gero the Great, Saxon ruler (b.c. 900)
  • 1062Bao Zheng, Chinese magistrate and mayor of Kaifeng (b. 999)
  • 1277Pope John XXI (b. 1215)
  • 1285John II of Jerusalem (b. 1259)
  • 1291 – Sufi Saint Sayyid Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari
  • 1366Maria of Calabria, Empress of Constantinople (b. 1329)
  • 1444Bernardino of Siena, Italian-Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1380)
  • 1449Álvaro Vaz de Almada, 1st Count of Avranches
  • 1449 – Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra (b. 1392)
  • 1501Columba of Rieti, Italian Dominican tertiary Religious Sister (b. 1467)
  • 1503Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, Italian banker and politician (b. 1463)
  • 1506Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer, discovered the Americas (b. 1451)
  • 1550Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shōgun (b. 1510)
  • 1579Isabella Markham, English courtier (b. 1527)
  • 1622Osman II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1604)
  • 1645Shi Kefa, Chinese general and calligrapher (b. 1601)
  • 1648Władysław IV Vasa, Polish son of Sigismund III Vasa (b. 1595)
  • 1677George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, Spanish-English politician, English Secretary of State (b. 1612)
  • 1713Thomas Sprat, English bishop (b. 1635)
  • 1717John Trevor, Welsh lawyer and politician, 102nd Speaker of the House of Commons (b. 1637)
  • 1722Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist and mycologist (b. 1669)
  • 1732Thomas Boston, Scottish author and educator (b. 1676)
  • 1782William Emerson, English mathematician and academic (b. 1701)
  • 1793Charles Bonnet, Swiss botanist and biologist (b. 1720)
  • 1812Count Hieronymus von Colloredo, Austrian archbishop (b. 1732)
  • 1834Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French general (b. 1757)
  • 1841Joseph Blanco White, Spanish poet and theologian (b. 1775)
  • 1864John Clare, English poet (b. 1793)
  • 1873George-Étienne Cartier, Canadian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 9th Premier of East Canada (b. 1814)
  • 1880Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (b. 1814)
  • 1896Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (b. 1819)
  • 1909Ernest Hogan, American actor and composer (b. 1859)
  • 1917Valentine Fleming, Scottish soldier and politician (b. 1887)
  • 1917 – Philipp von Ferrary, Italian stamp collector (b. 1850)
  • 1924Bogd Khan, Mongolian ruler (c. 1869)
  • 1925Joseph Howard, Maltese politician, 1st Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1862)
  • 1931Ernest Noel, Scottish businessman and politician (b. 1831)
  • 1940Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish author and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1942Hector Guimard, French Architect (b. 1867)
  • 1946Jacob Ellehammer, Danish pilot and engineer (b. 1871)
  • 1947Philipp Lenard, Slovak-German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1947 – Georgios Siantos, Greek sergeant and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1949Damaskinos of Athens, Greek archbishop and politician, 137th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1891)
  • 1956Max Beerbohm, English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist (b. 1872)
  • 1956 – Zoltán Halmay, Hungarian swimmer and trainer (b. 1881)
  • 1961Josef Priller, German colonel and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1964Rudy Lewis, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 1971Waldo Williams, Welsh poet and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1973Renzo Pasolini, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1938)
  • 1973 – Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)
  • 1975Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor and lithographer (b. 1903)
  • 1976Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1911)
  • 1976 – Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan journalist and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1976 – Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, Uruguayan politician (b. 1934)
  • 1989John Hicks, English economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Gilda Radner, American actress and comedian (b. 1946)
  • 1995Les Cowie, Australian rugby league player (b. 1925)
  • 1996Jon Pertwee, English actor, portrayed the Third Doctor (b. 1919)
  • 1998Robert Normann, Norwegian guitarist (b. 1916)
  • 2000Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flute player (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Malik Sealy, American basketball player and actor (b. 1970)
  • 2000 – Yevgeny Khrunov, Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 2001Renato Carosone, Italian singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1920)
  • 2002Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, biologist, and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2005Paul Ricœur, French philosopher and academic (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – William Seawell, American general (b. 1918)
  • 2007Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (b. 1914)
  • 2008Hamilton Jordan, American politician, 8th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1944)
  • 2009Arthur Erickson, Canadian architect and urban planner, designed Roy Thomson Hall (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Lucy Gordon, American actress and model (b. 1980)[21]
  • 2009 – Pierre Gamarra, French author, poet, and critic (b. 1919)
  • 2011Randy Savage, American wrestler and actor (b. 1952)
  • 2012Leela Dube, Indian anthropologist and scholar (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Robin Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – David Littman, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Ken Lyons, American bass guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 2012 – Eugene Polley, American engineer, invented the remote control (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Andrew B. Steinberg, American lawyer (b. 1958)
  • 2013Flavio Costantini, Italian painter and illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Billie Dawe, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Anders Eliasson, Swedish composer (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Miloslav Kříž, Czech basketball player and coach (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Ray Manzarek, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Denys Roberts, English judge and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Zach Sobiech, American singer-songwriter (b. 1995)
  • 2014Sandra Bem, American psychologist and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Ross Brown, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Robyn Denny, English-French painter (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Arthur Gelb, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Prince Rupert Loewenstein, Spanish-English businessman (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Barbara Murray, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2015Bob Belden, American saxophonist, composer, and producer (b. 1956)
  • 2015 – Femi Robinson, Nigerian actor and playwright (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abercius and Helena
    • Alcuin of York
    • Aurea of Ostia
    • Austregisilus
    • Baudilus
    • Bernardino of Siena
    • Ivo of Chartres
    • Lucifer of Cagliari
    • Sanctan
    • May 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Remembrance (Cambodia)
  • Emancipation Day (Florida)
  • European Maritime Day (European Council)
  • Independence Restoration Day, celebrates the independence of East Timor from Indonesia in 2002.
  • Josephine Baker Day (NAACP)
  • National Awakening Day (Indonesia), and its related observances:
    • Indonesian Doctor Day (Indonesia)
  • National Day (Cameroon)
  • World Bee Day
  • World Metrology Day

References

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  11. "Samuel Selvon", Encyclopædia Britannica., retrieved 21 May 2018
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  14. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-veteran-journalist-christie-blatchford-was-known-for-her-work-ethic/
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External links

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